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- Cold Hardy Japanese Maple Trees – Will Japanese Maples Grow In Zone 3
- Will Japanese Maples Grow in Zone 3?
- Zone 3 Japanese Maple Trees
- A Guide to Japanese Maples
- Cold Hardy Japanese Maples: Selecting Japanese Maples For Zone 4 Gardens
- Japanese Maples for Cold Climates
- Zone 4 Japanese Maple Trees
- Growing Japanese Maples in Zone 4
Growing Japanese Maples
For a blaze of autumn colour in even the smallest garden, go for the bright and bold foliage of a Japanese maple. Handyman Magazine
As the name suggests, these maples are native to Japan, growing as understorey trees in forests and the edges of woodlands.
Treasured for their dazzling autumn foliage display, they have been cultivated in Japan for centuries and in the West since the 1800s.
Deciduous small trees or large shrubs, Japanese maples are all slow-growing plants.
They are happy in full to part sun, as long as they have protection from harsh conditions.
Most grow to about four metres, though under ideal conditions some can reach 10m high.
Autumn colour can be red, green, yellow or purple in a variety of leaf shapes and sizes.
The best seasonal colour is shown in climates with clearly defined seasons.
Japanese maples must go dormant over winter, so they have a hard time surviving in climates where it doesn’t get cold enough.
The leaves have five, seven or nine lobes and are usually from 40 to 120mm long.
They range from the broad classic maple form to fine or cut leaves, which are heavily lobed, to filigree or dissected lace-like foliage, and even variegated.
The names of maples give a clue about the foliage. Atropurpureum means purple or red leaves and is used as a generic name as well as a particular cultivar.
These types prefer afternoon shade as their leaves discolour with too much sun or too much shade. Dissectum varieties have finely cut leaves that can be barely thicker than the skeleton of the leaf veins.
These plants need protection from wind and hot sun, as they scorch easily. TIP Small-leafed Japanese maples are particularly popular as bonsai plants.
Advertisement 1 of 9 1. Weeping maples iStock
A popular type of dwarf maple is formed by grafting a fine-leafed Japanese maple with a weeping habit onto an upright understock.
The tree will generally grow only as tall as the understock, usually one or two metres.
Most commonly grown as a feature tree, they also take on starring roles in rockeries and in large pots.
Some have lollipop-like, straight forms, while others fall in rippling waves that would look at home in a Japanese watercolour.
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Need advice on tree selection?
Looking for that trusty native tree? But which one?
We stock a large range of Australian native trees including Angophora, Eucalyptus, Corymbia, Lophostemon, Syzygium & Waterhousea. Natives suit a range of applications in the urban environment and are generally hardier in a variety of conditions, depending on the species.
Why choose a deciduous tree?
We stock a large range of deciduous trees in advanced sizes including Japanese Maple, Birch, Gleditsia, Jacaranda, Crepe Myrtle, Chinese Pistacio and ornamental Pear. Deciduous trees can provide amazing autumn colour; let in winter light and canopy for summer shade. Some varieties make excellent flowering specimens.
Want something that is green all year?
We stock a large range of evergreen trees in advanced sizes including Agonis, Cupressus, Fraxinus, Gordonia, Juniperus, Magnolia, Michelia and Pittosporum. With a dense bushy nature, Evergreens provide privacy and screening and have a significant flower or feature such as variegation or year-round colour.
Screening? ..we have quite a selection..
We stock a range of advanced trees suitable for hedging, screening and for creating wind breaks. These varieties include Cupresses, Thuja, Michelia, Pittosporum and Syzygium. Evergreen trees are thick and dense for easy screening in a short space of time. Some of our varieties we have already pruned into a hedge for that instant affect.
Want to add life to your garden, plant an advanced feature tree!
We can advise on suitable feature trees for contrast and feature. Popular selections include native Australian trees such as Corymbia & Lophostemon, as well as colourful exotics such as Michelia, Crepe Myrtle & Malus. Popular colour foliage selections include Agonis, Tristaniopsis & Japanese Maple. Advanced sizes are great for this purpose and create immediate impact.
Although Japanese maples thrive best in zones 5-9, they can be successfully grown in colder climates. An established Japanese maple can withstand temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit on exposed parts. The roots can withstand temperatures as low as 14 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cold weather isn’t the main problem with growing Japanese maples in low zones. The real issue is disruption of dormancy. Winter heat sources and late spring frosts can be deadly. Your house reflects heat off of the southern and western sides which can warm your plant, causing it to prematurely emerge from dormancy. It is best to plant on the north or east side of your house. Daylight warmth from the southern sun mixed with drastically cold nights can cause splits in the bark. Covering the trunk with a tree wrap helps.
Avoid pruning in late summer and early fall. It could encourage new growth that will never survive the bitter winter season. Shield your plant from aggressive winds. Since the roots lie relatively shallow, it is important to mulch well. This will not only prevent them from freezing, but will the roots will warm slowly in the spring. If sunshine is scarce in your area, you may find that the green varieties do better in full shade. For zones with extremely cold winters, Japanese maples can be grown in containers. Be sure to let your plant go dormant before moving it to a sheltered location (like an unheated garage) for the winter. (Never bring them inside your house. Japanese maples make terrible houseplants.) If your garage gets very cold, you will need to insulate your container or keep a heating pad set to low under it to keep your root temperature from dropping below 14 degrees. Keeping a proper temperature is key. You do not want to warm your roots too much, causing the plant to “wake up”.
Here are some hardy varieties of Japanese maple that should hold up well in cold temperatures:
Amoenum-(leaves divided up to 2/3 down the base)
Osakazuki– This straight growing, round headed, tree has large leaves. They are green spring and summer and are well known for the intense crimson they turn during the fall. They can grow to 20 feet.
Palmates– (Leaves divided 2/3 – ¾ down the base)
Emperor 1– These are very similar to a bloodgood, but are a little hardier. They look like what what most people think of when you say “Japanese maple”. They have the “standard” red leaf and can reach 20 feet tall.
Johin– Johin have thick red leaves (hints of green in the summer) and grow 10-15 feet.
Katsura– Katsura’s grow to about 15 feet. They have beautiful light green leaves that turn bright orange in the fall. They typically have a hardiness zone of 6, but I read many posts from gardeners in colder zones who had good luck with it. One post from a gardener in Ithaca, New York (known for their long, cold winters where the temperature is often below zero) said he has a Katsura that has survived outside for over ten years.
Beni Kawa/Beni Gawa– This maple has an upright, vase shape with dark green leaves that change into golds and reds. The bright red bark offers striking color all year long (and looks amazing against a snowy backdrop!) It will grow to 15 feet and is said to be very cold tolerant.
Dissecums– (Lace Leaf)
Inaba Shidare– This plant will quickly grow to 5 feet. It has very dark,(red-black) foliage
Tamukeyama– A strong, fast growing variety, its thick leaves change from green to bright red or dark purple. It will grow to about 5 feet.
Green Snowflake– This small (4 ft) weeping lace leaf has green, snowflake shaped leaves that turn to shades of yellow or orange.
Ao Jutan- A cascading, spreading tree with large, green leaves that turn shades of gold, orange and red in the fall. It will grow 4-6 feet high
Linearilobum– (Narrow, strap-like leaf lobes)
- Fairy Hair– Although much hardier than it looks, it might serve best as a container plant. Its wispy, hair-like leaves are a beacon to rabbits. Fairy hair grows small, 2-3 feet and green. It changes to red, orange and yellow tones in the fall.
Beni Komanchi– Its name means “beautiful, red-haired little girl”. This little (6 ft) beauty is one tough cookie. She’s a fast grower and flaunts colorful red leaves spring through fall.
Pseudosieboldianum– This pseudo-Japanese maple is actually a Korean maple. It is very similar to the Japanese maple but hardier. It can grow in zone 3 and can get very large (20-30 feet). They have beautiful green leaves that turn orange-red in the fall.
Griseum– A Chinese maple, this ornamental tree is often referred to as a “paperbark” because of its thin, peeling, bark. It is quite hardy and will grow anywhere a sugar maple will. The leaves are blue-green and turn orange in the fall. It is slow growing- topping out at 15-20 feet.
Japanese Maples Online
Generally, Japanese maples are more cold hardy than heat tolerant. I have grown thousands of potted trees and very seldom have any died because of normal winter cold temperatures. Most cold damage is caused by late freezes in spring after the trees have leafed out.
TIP 1 Maintain a thick bed 3-4 inches of mulch around the base of each tree at least the diameter of the tree canopy. This will help keep the soil cool for as long as possible in early spring. Keeping the roots cool will help to postpone early bud break and leaf emergence.
TIP 2 Avoid early spring feeding with fast release type fertilizers. I recommend using a controlled-release type fertilizer like POLYON 20-10-5 for a slower release in cool soils. Best-pacs are simple to use and this formulation will provide your Japanese maples with the best proper nourishment for an entire year.
TIP 3 Avoid early spring pruning. Any trimming will encourage your plants and trees to grow. This is great during warm growing months, but not in early spring when plants are on the verge of new spring growth. It is best to prune about the time of your last freeze date for your zone. Also avoid pruning Japanese maples in fall and winter because sometimes very cold winters can cause twig dieback. Wait until spring to trim or prune when you can also remove any dead twigs or stems.
TIP 4 Can you plant a Japanese maple tree in a pot or container for your deck or patio? Yes, but keep in mind the roots will experience colder temperatures than if it was planted in the ground. A general rule of thumb is the roots of a plant are 2 zones less cold hardy than the above ground portion of the plant. So if your tree is rated as a zone 5 (-10 degrees to -20 degrees F.) the roots are only cold hardy to zone 7 (if the roots are less hardy in a pot, shouldn’t this then be Zone 3? Perhaps an easier way to say this if this is the case, “If you plan to have your tree in a pot that remains outside all year, it is better to buy a plant that is 2 zones colder than your region.”) (10degrees to 0 degrees F.) Southern states will have a much better success with Japanese maples in containers.
If you are not sure of your hardiness zone click here and enter your zip code to find it.
FYI hardiness zones are only a guide for what is normal in your location. Abnormal temperatures can put you into a colder or warmer zone for that season. Planting Japanese maples, as well as other plants or trees, outside of your hardiness zone can be done, but it’s risky.
Most Japanese maples are USDA cold hardy to zone 5 although a few are rated for zone 4.
Most varieties of Japanese maples are heat-rated up to zone 8, although several are rated for zone 9.
Below is a cold hardiness rating of many varieties of Japanese maples.
If you would like to learn more or purchase a specific variety of Japanese maple click the variety link to our
Japanese Maple Online store.
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Inaba shidare||5-8|
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Crimson Queen||5-8|
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Red Dragon||5-8|
|palmatum||atro-purpureum (Small Pots)||5-8|
|palmatum||Peaches & Cream||5-8|
|palmatum||Ao shime no uchi||5-8|
|palmatum||Hubb’s Red Willow||5-8|
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Lion Heart||5-9|
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Ever Red||5-9|
|palmatum||Twisted Japanese red maple Tree||5-9|
|dissectum (Laceleaf)||Red Select||6-8|
Cold Hardy Japanese Maple Trees – Will Japanese Maples Grow In Zone 3
Japanese maples are lovely trees that add structure and brilliant seasonal color to the garden. Since they rarely exceed a height of 25 feet, they are perfect for small lots and home landscapes. Take a look at Japanese maples for zone 3 in this article.
Will Japanese Maples Grow in Zone 3?
Naturally cold hardy, Japanese maple trees are a good choice for zone 3 landscapes. You may have a problem with late freezes killing buds that have begun to open, however. Insulating the soil with deep mulch can help hold the cold in, delaying the end of the dormancy period.
Fertilizing and pruning encourage growth spurts. When growing a Japanese maple in zone 3, delay these activities until you
are certain there won’t be another hard freeze to kill back new growth.
Avoid growing Japanese maples in containers in zone 3. The roots of container-grown plants are more exposed than those of trees planted in the ground. This makes them susceptible to cycles of freezing and thawing.
Zone 3 Japanese Maple Trees
Japanese maples thrive in zone 3 once established. Here is a list of suitable trees for these very cold climates:
If you’re looking for a small tree, you can’t miss with Beni Komanchi. The name means ‘beautiful red-haired little girl,’ and the six-foot tree sports pretty red leaves from spring until fall.
Johin has thick, red leaves with a hint of green in the summer. It grows 10 to 15 feet tall.
Katsura is a beautiful, 15-foot tree with pale green leaves that turn bright orange in the fall.
Beni Kawa has dark green leaves that turn gold and red in fall, but its main attraction is the bright red bark. The red color is striking against a snowy backdrop. It grows about 15 feet tall.
Known for its brilliant crimson fall color, Osakazuki can reach a height of 20 feet.
Inaba Shidare has lacy, red leaves that are so dark that they almost look black. It grows quickly to reach its maximum height of five feet.
Thank You for looking up your Hardiness Zone. This information will assist you in determining whether a specific Japanese maple tree you are interested in will grow in your area. All of our Japanese maple trees grow in Zones 6-9, and many of them grow in Zone 5 as well. Please look up the tree you are interested in on our website, you will find a chart with the “Coldest Zone” and “Warmest Zone” listed for each tree.
Pacific Coast Maples takes a more conservative approach to Hardiness Zones because Zones 5-9 are where Japanese maples thrive and we want you to have an enjoyable experience with your new Japanese maple tree.
On the other hand, J.D. Vertrees, the leading authority on Japanese maples, writes on page 47 of his world reknowned book Japanese Maples, “In North America these plants thrive in the soils and climates ranging from the rain-forest type of the Pacific Northwest to the very warm climate of southern California, and from upstate New York down the Atlantic seaboard to the southern states and throughout the Midwest. In Europe, they grow in the warm Mediterranean conditions of Italy, in the almost-pure-peat soils of Boskoop, Netherlands, and in the varied soils in Britain. They also thrive in many parts of Australia and Asia.
After reading J.D Vertrees’ scientific research on Japanese maples one begins to understand the versatility of these beautiful trees.” Vertrees’ lengthy research also shows that with correct mulching, “The exposed parts of most Japanese maple cultivars, once established, can withstand winter freezing and air tempuratures down to minus 18 degrees Celcius (0 degrees Fahrenheit) and below. The roots, however, can only survive to minus 10 degrees Celcius (14 degrees Fahrenheit).”
A Guide to Japanese Maples
These are the maples with deeply dissected leaves. Usually much wider than they are tall, and characterized by their mushroom shape, most trees have a weeping form that does a nice job cascading over rocks and walls. The delicacy of the leaves makes them vulnerable to heat, wind, and hard water, all of which can burn leaf tips and edges.
• Acer palmatum ‘Filigree’. Weeping; 7 feet. A classic green laceleaf, with very finely cut leaves. Yellow fall color.
• ‘Garnet’ (shown at top). Weeping; 10 feet. With fairly intense, nonfading leaf color, this is one of many good laceleafs in the red-to-purple range.
• ‘Seiryu’. Upright; 25 to 30 feet. The only upright laceleaf, this has a distinctly feathery green look.
Whether their foliage is stippled, marbled, edged, splashed, or striped with white or cream, variegated types can illuminate a lightly shaded corner of the garden. But you have to be careful, since they can scorch in sun or hot winds and turn all green if you give them too much shade or fertilizer.
• A. p. ‘Butterfly’. Upright; 7 feet. Scorch-resistant and nearly foolproof, this is the one to grow in borderline situations.
• ‘Orido nishiki’. Upright; 10 to 15 feet. This fast-growing variety has green leaves variegated with both pink and white.
Vibrant autumn color
Most vigorous and largest of the Japanese maples, this group bears thick, star-shaped leaves that develop the most intense fall color.
• A. p. ‘Hogyoku’. Upright; 20 feet. Green summer leaves, fiery yellow foliage in fall.
• ‘Ichigyoji’. Upright; 20 feet. Green leaves change to crimson in autumn.
• ‘Osakazuki’. Upright; 30 feet. Summer leaves are green, autumn leaves a glowing, deep red.
• ‘Shishi gashira’ (lion’s head maple). Spreading; 10 feet. Densely cloaked with crinkled green leaves. Fall color is yellow to golden brown.
Intense spring color
Many Japanese maples splash the garden with color in the spring, when leaves are fresh and almost waxy looking. A few weeks into the season, the colors fade to green or reddish green, then may (or may not) come back in fall.
• A. p. ‘Shin deshojo’. Spreading; 10 feet. The most spectacular: Brilliant coral-red leaves fade to greenish pink in summer and develop only a little color in fall.
Japanese maples can have wonderfully colored bark, in hues ranging from pea green to orange and pink. Colors tend to intensify in the winter sun (especially on the most exposed side of the tree), and in the coral-barked kinds, colors become more muted when summer leaves shade the bark.
• A. p. ‘Ao yagi’. Upright; 20 to 25 feet. Green bark and small, bright green leaves that turn yellow in fall.
• ‘Sango Kaku’ (coral bark maple). Upright; 25 feet. Its bark is yellow-red in summer, coral-red in winter. Green leaves turn gold in fall.
Reliable red-leafed uprights
Not all red-leafed Japanese maples are laceleaf types with weeping habits. Here are two vigorous upright varieties.
• A. p. ‘Bloodgood’. Upright; 25 feet. One of the toughest Japanese maples, this one holds its red color well even during hot summers.
• ‘Trompenburg’. Upright; 30 feet. This one’s small, narrow leaves look as though they’ve been pressed from burgundy patent leather. Fades to reddish green in summer; also comes in an all-green form.
Small-scale trees for containers, bonsai
These dwarf trees take naturally to containers. For serious bonsai, look for one of the small-leafed varieties in the Yatsubusa group.
• A. p. ‘Beni maiko’. Upright; 4 to 5 feet. A favorite in containers, it has leaves that open brilliant scarlet, then fade to reddish green.
• ‘Kashima’. Spreading; 15 feet. This has a natural multiple-trunk bonsai look. Leaves are green.
Cold Hardy Japanese Maples: Selecting Japanese Maples For Zone 4 Gardens
Cold hardy Japanese maples are great trees to invite into your garden. However, if you live in zone 4, one of the colder zones in the continental U.S., you’ll have to take special precautions or consider container planting. If you are considering growing Japanese maples in zone 4, read on for the best tips.
Japanese Maples for Cold Climates
Japanese maples charm gardeners with their graceful shape and gorgeous fall color. These charming trees come in small, medium and large, and some cultivars survive chilly weather. But can Japanese maples for cold climates live through zone 4 winters?
If you have heard that Japanese maples grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 7, you have heard correctly. Winters in zone 4 get considerably colder than in zone 5. That said, it’s still possible to grow these trees in cooler regions of zone 4 with careful selection and protection.
Zone 4 Japanese Maple Trees
If you are looking for Japanese maples for zone 4, start by selecting the right cultivars. Although none are guaranteed to thrive as zone 4 Japanese maple trees, you’ll have the best luck by planting one of these.
If you want a tall tree, look at Emperor 1. It is a classic Japanese maple with the standard red leaves. The tree will grow to 20 feet tall and is one of the best Japanese maples for cold climates.
If you want a garden tree that stops at 15 feet, you’ll have more choices in Japanese maples for zone 4. Consider Katsura, a lovely specimen with light green leaves that blaze orange in autumn.
Beni Kawa (also called Beni Gawa) is one of the most cold hardy Japanese maples. Its deep green foliage transforms into gold and crimson in fall, and the scarlet bark looks fabulous in winter snow. It also grows to 15 feet.
If you want to pick among smaller Japanese maples for zone 4, consider red-black Inaba Shidare or weeping Green Snowflake. They top out at 5 and 4 feet respectively. Or opt for dwarf maple Beni Komanchi, a fast growing tree with red leaves all growing season.
Growing Japanese Maples in Zone 4
When you start growing Japanese maples in zone 4, you’ll want to take action to protect the tree from winter cold. Select a location protected from winter winds, like a courtyard. You’ll need to apply a thick layer of mulch over the tree’s root zone.
Another alternative is to grow a Japanese maple in a pot and move it indoors when the winter gets really cold. Maples are great container trees. Leave the tree outdoors until it is completely dormant, then stash it in an unheated garage or other sheltered, cool area.
If you are growing zone 4 Japanese maples in pots, be sure to put them back outside once the buds begin to open. But keep a watchful eye on the weather. You’ll need to bring it back in quickly during hard frosts.
Japanese Maple Tree hardiness zone charts. I recommend using a controlled- release type fertilizer like POLYON for a slower release in cool soils. I’m in San diego and they have Japanese Maples in a 1g container for $ Will they even grow I live in a zone 10 (Florida).I know I can Grow. Buy a Japanese maple from the largest selection in the USA! Welcome to doquxomyga.cf, the premier place to buy a Japanese maple. We are a family run.
I explained very well, I am asking by japanese maples most suitables for my zone 10, where in two months in the year the temperature is near. Japanese maples generally grow in zones a. Glowing Embers– This will grow to about 10 ft with young red leaves fading into a bronzy gold as the seasons. It’s hard to miss Japanese maples in autumn; clear skies and cold nights paint Japanese maples grow in Sunset climate zones , 12, everywhere.
In Zone 4, Japanese maples are simply not reliable in the garden. It’s possible for them . NEXT: 10 Unique Shrubs for Fall Color (Zone: 3 – 7). I have read many articles that said japanese maples cannot grow in zones higher than 9, although on my recent trip to N.C. I couldn’t resist and. In gardens Japanese Maples are hardy form zone 5 to zone 8, with some . grow into upright, multi-stemmed trees between 10 and 25 feet tall. Growing Conditions: Part shade and moist, well-drained soil. Size: 8 feet tall and wide. Zones: Related: Tips for Growing Japanese Maple Trees. Another tip for helping zone 9 Japanese maples thrive involves mulch. Spread a layer of 4 inches (10 cm.) of organic mulch over the entire root.
Many Japanese maples are suitable only for USDA plant hardiness zones 7 or below. Take heart There are a quite a few beautiful Japanese maple trees for zone 8 and even 9. Click this Spread 3 to 4 inches ( cm.). All Japanese maples are tolerant of part shade conditions. Keeping the root area covered with ” of mulch helps keep the root zone moist. Fertilize Another good choice for a smaller garden, only reaching 10’x10′. I live in doquxomyga.cfa where we get no cold weather, is it pointless to try and grow a Japanese Maple?. See more ideas about Garden, Japanese maple trees and Trees to plant. dissectum ‘Orangeola’ Weeping Cutleaf Japanese Maple zone Stunning range of color .. Acer palmatum ‘Red Dragon’ Size: tall x wide in 10 years Finely dissected.
Acer palmatum ‘Alpenweiss’ (White Alpine Japanese Maple) * Full sun-Part shade * Zones * tall x wide in 10 years A dwarf Japanese maple! Spring foliage is a. Many Japanese maples have a Hardiness rating of Zone 5 or 6, roughly 10 to 20 degrees below zero. Gardeners may experience problems in Zone 5 because. Davidsan’s is the Japanese maple retailer We can pallet up any of our larger trees (10 gallon and up to 30 gallon pot . #1 Grow your trees in containers, which is easy and allows you to easily zone stretch and plant any Japanese Maple. Viridis Japanese maple (Acer palmatum ‘Viridis’, Zones 5–9) and To submit, send photos to along with.
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