White flower that looks like a bell

Bell Like Flowers Stock Photos and Images

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  • Pink bell like flowers foxglove
  • A macro shot of some pretty white bell like flowers.
  • Convallaria majalis Lily-of-the-Valley lily of the valley bell like flowers growing showing foliage and plant habit, fragrant shade groundcover plants
  • A cluster of Blue bell like flowers in a summer garden in Winkler Manitoba Canada
  • Pendant bell like green flowers of the summer hyacinth, Galtonia princeps
  • Bell like flowers
  • Correa Marions Marvel in flower throughout the winter months in an English garden in the UK
  • Penstemon ‘Raven’ , a semi-evergren pereenial with dark purple bell like flowers, in full bloom in an English garden border in summer
  • enkianthus campanula rubra, flower, flowers, flowering, bells, bell-like, spring, shrub, small tree, RM Floral
  • Beautiful bell like flowers in the sunny garden
  • Close-up of the pinky bell-like flowers of common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) growing in a damp habitat in Dorset, UK.
  • . Our garden flowers; a popular study of their native lands, their life histories, and their structural affiliations. Flowers. BELLFLOWER FAMILY PLATYCODON. JAPANESE BELLFLOWER Platycodon grandifldrum. Plalycodon, Greek, plaiys, broad, and kodon, bell; referring to the shape of the flower. A branching, shrub-like perennial bearing several large, open, bell-like flowers from the summit of the stem and branches. Native to northern Asia and Japan. July.. Platycodon. Platycbdon grandiflbrum. Stem.—Bushy, weak, one to three feet high. Leaves.—Lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, glabrous, unequally toot
  • Podophyllum pleianthum, Chinese Mayapple in the Great Pavilion, RHS Chelsea Flower Show 2017
  • White bell-like flowers at Watergate Forest Park in Gateshead, England.
  • Dreer’s 1950 (1950) Dreer’s 1950 dreers19501950henr Year: 1950 Gypsophila — Alba Grandiflora HELIOTROPE, Choice Mixed, 2608. (Cherry Pie.) Delightfully fragrant, large blue and white flower heads. Grow in pots, porch boxes or beds. 2 ft. Pkt. 20(;’-. HELIOPSIS, Pitcheriana, 2605. (Orange Sun- flower.) Brilliant single golden yellow flow- ers all summer. 3-4 ft. tall. Pkt. 25(f. HELENIUM, Hoopesii, 2566. Perennials 2 ft. tall witli a mass of bright orange Daisy-like flowers in June. Pkt. 254- Heuchera-Cora/ Beiis Showy plants 30 inches tall witli graceful pendent bell-like flowers all summer.
  • . Gypsophila — Alba Grandiflora HELIOTROPE, Choice Mixed, 2608. (Cherry Pie.) Delightfully fragrant, large blue and white flower heads. Grow in pots, porch boxes or beds. 2 ft. Pkt. 20(;’-. HELIOPSIS, Pitcheriana, 2605. (Orange Sun- flower.) Brilliant single golden yellow flow- ers all summer. 3-4 ft. tall. Pkt. 25(f. HELENIUM, Hoopesii, 2566. Perennials 2 ft. tall witli a mass of bright orange Daisy-like flowers in June. Pkt. 254- Heuchera-Cora/ Beiis Showy plants 30 inches tall witli graceful pendent bell-like flowers all summer. Sanguinea Splendens, 2615. Rich coral red blooms on slender gr
  • The much admired Willow Gentian has a tall upright stem and thin narrow leaves bursting out in late summer with vivid blue bell like flowers.
  • Convallaria majalis, Lily of the Valley, whole plant showing roots, stem, lance-shaped leaves and one-sided raceme of bell-like white flowers.
  • Close up of dew covered Grape Hyacinth flower head, showing miniature bell like flowers
  • A close view of Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum multiflorum, showing the hanging bell-like flowers in the evening sun.
  • Mathiasella bupleuroides flowers.
  • A macro shot of the bell like flowers of an allium siculum plant.
  • A cluster of Blue bell like flowers in a summer garden in Winkler Manitoba Canada
  • Close up of the white bell flowers of the winter blooming evergreen climber, Clematis urophylla ‘Winter Beauty’
  • Carpathian Snowbell, native to the Carpathian and Tatra Mountians, is a very attractive species with purple bell-like flowers which have a moderately-fringed edge. Soldanella carpatica komt alleen voor in de Karpaten en het Tatra gebergte en bloeit vroeg
  • Correa Marions Marvel in flower throughout the winter months in an English garden in the UK
  • Penstemon ‘Raven’ , a semi-evergren perennial with dark purple bell like flowers, in full bloom in an English garden border in summer
  • enkianthus campanula rubra, flower, flowers, flowering, bells, bell-like, spring, shrub, small tree, RM Floral
  • Yellow Bell flowers
  • The flowers of a tree-like rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)
  • The tree book : A popular guide to a knowledge of the trees of North America and to their uses and cultivation . ke the green appear to be delicatelystriped with white. Sometimes the stripes are dark brown. The leaf of this maple is unusually large, often 6 inches inlength. It is about as broad as it is long, with three triangularlobes, whose points form the leafs broad apex. There are faintsuggestions of two basal lobes sometimes, but not always. Themargin is finely serrate, and the petiole grooved. In the autumnthe leaves turn yellow. The yellow, bell-like flowers in long,pendulous racemes a
  • Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides in flower
  • Flowers in the Botanical garden of Melbourne
  • Coffee pot, pear-shaped, with rocailles and C- and S-volutes, The coffee pot has a loose bell-shaped lid, topped by a volute-shaped knob, a curved spout and an ear made up of volutes, which is on top high relief is decorated with flowers, and in which two ivory rings are included. The pear-shaped body rests on a curved stand ring with four claw-like legs. At the front and back of the body is an empty cartouche, surrounded by symmetrically applied seed beads, foamy motifs and C and S volumes. These motifs are also applied to the lid. The base of the spout is decorated with flowers, the base
  • Bryophyllum pinnatum flowers bloom on the branches like the little lanterns shimmering in the sunshine
  • Blue Bell Flowers and Honey Bee
  • Digitalis x mertonensis, foxglove plant with tubular-shaped pink flowers on open upright spikes
  • Darwin’s Barberry -Berberis darwinii, a beautiful evergreen variety of Berberis with bunches of orange/yellow nodding flowers on red stems.
  • A close view of Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum multiflorum, showing the hanging bell-like flowers in the evening sun.
  • Mathiasella bupleuroides flowers.
  • A macro shot of the bell like flowers of an allium siculum plant.
  • A cluster of Blue bell like flowers in a summer garden in Winkler Manitoba Canada
  • Close up of the white bell flowers of the winter blooming evergreen climber, Clematis urophylla ‘Winter Beauty’
  • Carpathian Snowbell, native to the Carpathian and Tatra Mountians, is a very attractive species with purple bell-like flowers which have a moderately-fringed edge. Soldanella carpatica komt alleen voor in de Karpaten en het Tatra gebergte en bloeit vroeg
  • Blue Bluebell Hispanica Flowers in Spring Bloom in a Cheshire Garden Alsager England United Kingdom UK
  • Harebells with field of corn behind
  • enkianthus campanula rubra, flower, flowers, flowering, bells, bell-like, spring, shrub, small tree, RM Floral
  • Bell like pink clusters of flowers
  • The flowers of a fiddleneck (Phacelia tanacetifolia)
  • . The flora of the Algeria. Botany. Yucca Yucca Gloriosa NO — Liliacese Adam’s Needle Yucca Gloriosa is an extremely decorative plant. Numerous varieties. Bears dark-red seed pods. Flowers in July.. Staphylea Pinnata Small tree "with drooping bell-like flowers, (48). Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Gubb, Alfred S. (Alfred Samuel), 1857-. Alger, Imprimerie Alge?rienne; London, Ballie?re, Tindall & Co
  • Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides in flower
  • Flowers in the Botanical garden of Melbourne
  • Closeup Image Of Two Fuchsia Flowers.
  • Stachyurus chinensis. Chinese Stachyurus plant in early spring. UK
  • Rhododendron ‘September Song’ evergreen peachy pink yellow colours color closeup close up blooming in spring April May gardens
  • Millefleurs with Animals (Fragment), Fragment of a mille-fleurs carpet. A blue-black background is harmoniously littered with rosette-shaped plants with fluttering flower stems. Recognizable are the cuckoo flower, pansy, periwinkle, daisy and various bell flowers. In between small animals are hiding, like a pigeon, hen, pheasant, rooster, heron and half-cut, a lynx., anonymous, Southern Netherlands, c. 1525 – c. 1550, ketting, inslag, tapestry, h 146.0 cm × w 126.5 cm
  • Close up of Darwin’s Barberry -Berberis darwinii, a beautiful evergreen variety of Berberis with bunches of orange/yellow nodding flowers on red stems
  • A close view of Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum multiflorum, showing the hanging bell-like flowers in the evening sun.
  • Purple bell like flower
  • A macro shot of the bell like flowers of an allium siculum plant.
  • CRARAE GARDEN, INVERARAY, ARGYLL, SCOTLAND, UK. 1st May 2018. Bell like spring flowers carpet the ground at the National Trust For Scotland garden
  • Many flowers of the yucca plant in bloom.
  • flowers of Pieris forrestii Wakehurst in an Irish garden
  • Blue Bluebell Hispanica Flowers in Spring Bloom in a Cheshire Garden Alsager England United Kingdom UK
  • Vintage botanical engraving of campanula rapunculus, herbaceous plant with bell shaped flowers and edible roots like small turnips.
  • enkianthus campanula rubra, flower, flowers, flowering, bells, bell-like, spring, shrub, small tree, RM Floral
  • A Pieris (Lily of the Valley shrub) blooms in spring, with white flowers, red stems and green foliage.
  • Archive image from page 71 of Currie Bros’ horticultural guide . Currie Bros.’ horticultural guide : spring 1888 curriebroshortic1888curr Year: 1888 ( Coccinea—Scarlet; the flower of this variety is difEerent from the others; it looks more like a bud than a blossom, and forms a striking contrast when grown side by side with the other varieties 25 Crispa — Lavender, bell-shaped flowers, very fragrant, and borne on long stems, habit ro- bust, hardy and free flowering; each 25 Duchess of Teck—Pure white, with a delicate mauve bar down the center on first opening; a fine shaped variety 1.00 Duche
  • Descriptive catalogue of California flowers : Mrs Theodosia B Shepherd grower of plants seeds bulbs palms cacti etc . ance, as theyswing and sway in the breeze. Nothing more lovely can be imagined than the deli-cate effects as one stands at the base of the plants and looks up into the depths ofthe bell-like flowers. Bare. Blooming tubers 50c, 75c and $1.00. EUPHORBIA Jaquiniflora. A very distinct and beautiful shrub-by variety. The long slender branches have pretty foliage, and during the win-ter months are wreathed with brilliant star-like orange-scarlet flowers that keeptheir beauty for a lo
  • Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides in flower
  • Flowers in the Botanical garden of Melbourne
  • Erica tetralix, Cross-Leaved Heath, mounted evergreen shrub, branched stems with needle-like leaves and bell-shaped pink flowers in terminal clusters.
  • Stachyurus chinensis. Chinese Stachyurus plant in early spring. UK
  • Late June blooms
  • Lidded cup of the Unie Society, Cup of the Unie de society, The decorations of the cup relate to the interconnectedness of the members of the Amsterdam society De Unie. The trunk of the round jar is shaped like a bundle of twigs, held together by a ribbon that winds over the bell-shaped cuppa and the curved lid to end in a bow. The smooth cuppa is surrounded by the coats of arms of the twelve members of the society, placed against a backdrop of whimsical clouds. Fantastic people and animal masks appear below and above each shield, interspersed with flowers. The lid rim is decorated
  • Close up of Darwin’s Barberry -Berberis darwinii, a beautiful evergreen variety of Berberis with bunches of orange/yellow nodding flowers on red stems
  • A close view of Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum multiflorum, showing the hanging bell-like flowers in the evening sun.
  • Purple bell like flower
  • Fuchsias
  • Bike, personalised with coloured flowers and ribbons Amsterdam.
  • Close up of many flowers of the yucca plant in bloom.
  • Bell like flower and yellow splashed leaves of Abutilon x milleri ‘Variegatum’
  • Blue Bluebell Hispanica Flowers in Spring Bloom in a Cheshire Garden Alsager England United Kingdom UK
  • Pale blue Alpine Squill flower – Scilla bifolia, image taken against a soft pale background.
  • enkianthus campanula rubra, flower, flowers, flowering, bells, bell-like, spring, shrub, small tree, RM Floral
  • Honeysuckle Flowers on a wooden lattice fence
  • Archive image from page 35 of Currie’s garden annual 63rd. Currie’s garden annual : 63rd year spring 1938 curriesgardenann19curr_4 Year: 1938 ( LsTatera Splendens For Perennial Linum See Page Larkspur Giant Imperial Blue Bell LEPTOSYNE (Yellow Daisy) STILLMANI—A quick growing annual which! will bloom 5 weeks after sowing. Has lovely! showy Cosmos-like blossoms of an intense and pleasing golden yellow color. Splendid for beds, borders and for cutting. 1 feet high Pkt. 10c LEPTOSIPHON Free flowering dwarf hardy annuals bear- ing bright flowers profusely in many colors, suitable for edging or r
  • StNicholas . WILD GINGER. The dried leaves of last year have been removed. Note the bell-like flowers, on the rock at lower right and lying on the ground. early spring would seem to make them attractive.The plant is called wild ginger from the ginger-like flavor and smell of the flowers and rootstock. 1908.] NATURE AND SCIENCE FOR YOUNG FOLKS 651 A BLUE JAY EATS APPLE BLOSSOMS One beautiful spring day while my friend, Mr. R , who has made an extended study of birds, and I were walking along the shore of LakeMinnetonka, near Minneapolis, Minnesota, wesaw a blue jay flying by the roadsi
  • Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides in flower
  • Foxglove flowers outside with sunlight at spring
  • Erica tetralix, Cross-Leaved Heath, mounted evergreen shrub, woody stem with needle-like leaves and bell-shaped white flowers in terminal clusters.
  • Stachyurus chinensis. Chinese Stachyurus plant in early spring. UK
  • Late June blooms
  • Close up of two bright orange poppies with white flowers against a dark background
  • Attractive bell-shaped flowers growing in clumps with silvery-grey finely dissected fern-like leaves.
  • Hyacinth flower. Marco photograph of unusual purple hyacinth. New fresh colors for Spring. Open bell shaped flowers like stars
  • Closeup macro view of young spiraling stem of a wild plant with bunch of small blue and purple flowers like bell, bright pink buds and big green leave
  • . COCCINEA INDICA. (Scarlet-fruited Ivy-leaved Climber.) PER PKT. 2031 A handsome annual climber of the gourd species, with beautiful, smooth, glossy, ivy- like leaves, contrasting with the fine, snow- white, bell-shaped flowers and brilliant carmine fruit; 10 feet. (See cut) 10 COLEUS. (Flame Nettle).
  • . Cyclopedia of American horticulture, comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants sold in the United States and Canada, together with geographical and biographical sketches. Gardening. 1274 PEPPEK about tlie seeds, the pungency of most of the smaller sorts, like Coral Gem, Tabasco, Chilli, Cayenne, and Cherry extends to the fleshy portion, but as a rule the large kinds, like Ruby King (Pig. 1719), Squash, Bell, Sweet Mountain, and Golden Queen are sweet or very moderately pungent with the see
  • Winter Aconite(Eranthis hyemalis) in a Norfolk churchyard.

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Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

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Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.

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Friday – July 18, 2014

From: Inwood, NY
Region: Northeast
Topic: Non-Natives, Plant Identification
Title: Tall plant with bell-shaped upside-down white flowers
Answered by: Nan Hampton


2 tall plants grew outside my suburban New York house in June, blossomed late June. They looked like giant asparagus stalks, and the flowers were white, bell shaped, upside down, look like fairy skirts with individual overlapping petals. The petals are very stiff, feel almost like plastic. The flower has no smell at all. No one can identify it, do you know what it is?


First of all, Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus), a native of Europe, Asia and Northern Africa, that has been naturalized all over the US has bell-shaped flowers that can be described as being green to brown, yellow, or white. Asparagus is dioecious (male and female flowers are produced on different plants). You can determine if your plants are male by looking inside the flowers for stamens containing the pollen or, if female, with the pistil and stigma and lack of stamens. Additionally, only females will produce the red berries. Mr. Smarty Plants suspects this is identity of your plant; but, in case it isn’t, here are some native plant possibilities.

To find native plants that match your description, Mr. Smarty Plants did a COMBINATION SEARCH in our Native Plant Database by choosing New York from the Select State or Province slot, Herb” from the Habit (general appearance) slot, “May”, “June”, “July” from Bloom Time and “White” from Bloom Color. This search produced a list of more than 340 native plants in New York that matched these criteria. Mr. Smarty Plants assumed by comparing the stalks to asparagus meant that they didn’t have prominent leaves. You should do the search yourself to see all the other possibilities, but here are four that look somewhat similar to your description.

Aletris farinosa (White colicroot)

Goodyera repens (Lesser rattlesnake plantain)

Monotropa uniflora (Indianpipe) These don’t grow exceptionally tall, but the flowers do match your description. Here is more information from Botanical Society of America.

Uvularia sessilifolia (Spreading bellwort)

Another native plant that matches your description for the stalk and flowers is Yucca filamentosa (Adam’s needle). However, the stalk arises from a clump of long pointed leaves that you wouldn’t likely miss.

If none of the above is your plant and you have photographs of it, please visit our Plant Identification page to find links to several plant identification forums that will accept photos of plants for identification.

From the Image Gallery

White colicroot
Aletris farinosa
White colicroot
Aletris farinosa
Lesser rattlesnake plantain
Goodyera repens
Lesser rattlesnake plantain
Goodyera repens
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Spreading bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia
Spreading bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia
Adam’s needle
Yucca filamentosa

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Bellflowers: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties

There is enough diversity in the bellflower or Campanula clan to ring just about any gardener’s chimes. With bell-shaped, tubular or star-shaped flowers in shades of blue, white, pink and red, they have growth habits that range from low and creeping to tall and upright. Most of the garden-worthy choices are perennials, although there are some annuals and a biennial in the genus. And all are beautiful, even the few that are such vigorous spreaders and seeders that you may need to think twice about including them in your garden.

About bellflowers
Bellflowers are hardy plants, with most types growing in Zones 4 to 8, even to zone 3 with reliable snow cover to provide insulation, but they’ll sulk in the heat of the Deep South or Southwest. Peak bloom is in early to midsummer for most, but with deadheading you may get sporadic bloom throughout the summer and a second flush of flowers in fall. Bellflowers look lovely in many garden settings; their showy flowers and informal habit are the perfect fit in a cottage garden.

Special features of bellflowers
Bellflowers fall into two categories, tall, upright growers that are good choices for a border or for cutting, and low growers that work well for edging or in rock gardens.
One of the most popular uprights is Peach Leaved Bellflower (Campanula persicifolia). Tall, 15 to 30 inch spikes of 1-1.5 inch, broadly bell-shaped flowers in shades of blue, pink, white and purple rise in early summer from basal clumps of leaves. Clustered bellflower (C. glomerata) produces upwards facing heads of blossoms in purple or white in early summer on sturdy 18 inch stems. Milky bellflower (C. lactiflora), 3 to 5 feet tall, and great bellflower (C. latifolia), 4 to 5 feet tall, also both have upward-facing flowers.
Other upright growers are distinguished by their large, nodding blossoms. Spotted bellflower (C. punctata) gets about 2 feet tall and bears pink, speckled, dangling flowers from midsummer to fall. ‘Cherry Bells’ is a popular cultivar. The hybrid ‘Sarastro’ has large, deep-purple, nodding bells on a 2.5 to 3 foot tall plant.
The low spreading bellflowers look nice trailing over the tops and between the stones of a dry rock wall. In early summer, Serbian Bellflower (C. poscharskyana) spreads a wave of blue, 1-1″, star-shaped flowers. Adriatic bellflower (C. garganica) and Dalmatian bellflower (C. portenschlagiana) are similar. For edging along a path, the low growing Carpathian harebell (C. carpatica) is perfect. The cultivar ‘Blue Clips’ bears bright blue bells on 8-12″ high plants over most of the summer. Even more floriferous is the sterile hybrid ‘Samantha’, which is covered in violet-blue, bowl-shaped blossoms above a 6″ high clump of leaves.
The biennial Canterbury bells (C. medium) is an old fashioned favorite, growing 12 to 30 inches tall and sporting boxy, bell-shaped flowers in shades of lilac, blue, pink and white. Start these plants from seed in midsummer for bloom the following year.

Choosing a site to grow bellflowers
Most bellflowers do best if planted in full sun, but will also thrive in light shade. Plant in moist, well-drained soil that is high in organic matter. Some are spreaders, especially clustered bellflower and Serbian bellflower, so plant these where they’ll have some room to roam. But steer clear of the aggressive Korean bellflower (C. rapunculoides) which spreads so readily, it can become invasive.

Planting Instructions
Container plants can be set out any time during the growing season. Space most plants about a foot apart; the tall milky bellflower should have 24 inch spacing. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Dig a hole twice the diameter of the pot the plant is in. Carefully remove the plant from its container and place it in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface. Carefully fill in around the root ball and firm the soil gently. Water thoroughly.

Ongoing Care
Apply a complete organic fertilizer and a thin layer of compost each spring, followed by a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Deadhead flowers to neaten plants and prevent self-sowing. On taller types, remove faded flowers individually, then cut back the flowering stalks to the base when all bloom is finished. With low growers, wait until the first flush of bloom is past, then shear back plants by half. Peachleaf bellflower can self-sow to the point of weediness if not deadheaded. Most bellflowers benefit from division every 3 to 5 years to keep them growing vigorously.

Plant of the Week: Canterbury Bells

The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture does not promote, support or recommend plants featured in “Plant of the Week.” Please consult your local Extension office for plants suitable for your region.

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Canterbury Bells
Latin: Campanula medium

Bellflowers are an intriguing group of garden flowers that mostly bloom following the spring bulbs but before the summer perennials such as daylilies. Of the 300 or so species scattered across the northern hemisphere, the showiest is Canterbury Bells, Campanula medium.

Canterbury Bells is a biennial. During its first year of life, it grows as a dinner plate size rosette of leaves with little to distinguish it from a common weed. The leaves are evergreen in Arkansas’ climate.

But in the spring of its second year, the rosette begins to elongate and masses of bell-shaped flowers are produced in an open panicle. Plants usually branch from the base of the rosette with the central stem reaching 3 feet high while surrounded with side branches only 1-2 feet tall.

The blooms are in shades of blue, purple, pink or white with the 2-inch long flower tube the diameter of a fat hot dog. In the typical form, the calyx is not showy, but in the selection known as the Cup-and-Saucer Bellflower, it is considerably enlarged and colored the same shade of the flower. This form has the general appearance of a long-trumpet daffodil but in blue.

Canterbury Bells are native to the mountains of southern Europe and have been grown in gardens since at least the beginning of the 19th century. The Victorians especially seemed to appreciate their gaudy beauty and were willing to put up with their demanding ways to grow them successfully.

They are more popular in northern climes but can be grown in our southern gardens if planting schedules are adjusted to our conditions.

The current crop of Canterbury Bells in bloom in my garden is from seed planted in the fall of 2000. My plan was to grow the plants in the greenhouse in pots until the coldest part of winter was past and then move them outside to the cold frame where they would have a couple months of chilling before being moved to the garden. My theory was that this vernalization period would satisfy their needs and reduce the length of time needed to get the plants to bloom.

It didn’t work. When the plants were planted in the garden in May 2001, they simply set there and thumbed their nose at my futile effort to trick them into early bloom. When the plants bloomed this year, they were worth the wait, but I decided a new production strategy was called for if these are to be grown again.

I’ve never seen bedding plants of this species available, so you’ll have to grow your own plants. The easiest way is to plant seeds out of doors in May or June and grow the plants vegetatively that first year in some out-of-the-way corner of the garden. The plants could be grown in the soil in a sunny, well-drained corner of the vegetable garden or they could be produced in gallon nursery containers.

Foxgloves can be grown the same way and having several different species to tend will increase the odds of having something be successful.

In the fall at pansy planting time, the Canterbury Bells plants should be moved to the flower bed where they will bloom the following spring. Plants can be grown in full sun or light shade. They do best in a moderately fertile soil with a near-neutral pH. Staking may be required when the plants begin producing their bloom display.

By: Gerald Klingaman, retired
Extension Horticulturist – Ornamentals
Extension News – May 31, 2002

The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture does not maintain lists of retail outlets where these plants can be purchased. Please check your local nursery or other retail outlets to ask about the availability of these plants for your growing area.

Campanula Species, Canterbury Bells, Cups and Saucers




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown – Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:


Dark Blue

Medium Purple

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

Bloom Size:

Unknown – Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown – Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atascadero, California

Chowchilla, California

Citrus Heights, California

Duarte, California

Elk Grove, California

Grass Valley, California

Los Angeles, California

San Anselmo, California

San Diego, California

Canon City, Colorado

Cumming, Georgia

Boise, Idaho

Libertyville, Illinois

Greenville, Indiana

Barbourville, Kentucky

Dennis Port, Massachusetts

Bellaire, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Young America, Minnesota

Salem, New Hampshire

Port Norris, New Jersey

North Tonawanda, New York

Utica, New York

Mooresville, North Carolina

Geneva, Ohio

Reynoldsburg, Ohio

Beaverton, Oregon(12 reports)

Portland, Oregon

Albion, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

The Colony, Texas

Marion, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Chilton, Wisconsin

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BRAVO BIENNIALS : Planted Now, These Showy Flowers Will Sprint Into Spring Bloom

They’re called biennials, but in our climate they perform like annuals and may persist like perenni als. Regardless of classification, fall-planted biennials bring rich rewards the following spring and summer, and some blooms will hold throughout most of winter.

Gardening books report that biennials require two years to reach maturity, producing leaves the first year and blooms the second. Fortunately, that investment in time, space and effort is unnecessary here. Our mild winters accelerate the timetable of many biennials, speeding them into bloom ahead of schedule.

Fall is the best time to plant almost anything in Southern California, particularly biennials. With temper- atures cooling and with the prospect of rain showers, seedlings set out at this time respond willingly, almost taking care of themselves. It’s best to plant seedlings from flats or pony packs rather than buying larger plants in four-inch or one-gallon pots. It’s also cheaper. Seedling roots grow deeply and spread widely, building a broad root system upon which the plant can flourish. Plants started from seedlings nearly always produce more blooms of superior quality and over a longer period of time than plants transferred from larger containers. One weekend gardener in North Hollywood testifies that she has had little success with plants set out from four-inch pots but that seedlings nearly always thrive.

The biennials shown here can be planted by themselves or blended with other fall-planted flowers.


Certainly the boldest of the biennials is the elegant foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) . Not to be employed where subtlety is desired, foxglove tends to dominate a garden, its racemes often growing to a height of five feet. Yet its nodding, softly speckled blooms are most appealing, both for their fanciful appearance and for the ease with which they commonly can be grown.

The strain generally available as seedlings in nursery centers is Foxy, a hybrid that in only one season produces spires densely packed with bell-like blooms in cream, yellow, mauve, pink and rose-red shades. In the Malibu garden pictured here, four dozen seedlings were planted in late October. The first flowers appeared with ranunculus blooms in March; other racemes continued to shoot up during the next four months, making foxgloves a long-lasting addition to the spring and summer flower garden. In favored locations, they may even bloom a second year. However, the coarse, tobacco-like leaves become rather ragged as the season progresses, and some gardeners prefer to remove spent plants.

The first raceme of each plant is tall and sturdy and does not require staking unless it is watered from overhead. When this initial raceme fades and is removed, secondary blooms form on weak stems. These flowers are attractive but difficult to keep upright.

Foxglove is a wildflower in England and has long been associated with little folk or fairies. Its name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word fox , thought to be a corruption of folks , and gleow , a musical instrument composed of bells arranged on an arch. Another explanation suggests that the tubular blooms resemble fingers in a glove. The Latin genus name Digitalis refers, of course, to the word finger .


For more than 700 years, foxglove leaves have been used for medication. When properly processed and administered, they have some beneficial properties, but eating the leaves can be dangerous, and for that reason some gardeners avoid planting foxglove.

Other traditional biennials that tend to bloom earlier than normal in our climate are the quaint Canterbury bells ( Campanula medium ‘Calycanthema’). Started from seedlings planted at this time, Canterbury bells will send up three-foot racemes loosely arranged with inflated bells by next May or June. This often-overlooked bloom–in pure shades of blue, lavender, pink, rose and white–can create the effect of a cottage garden when planted with Shasta daisies, pinks, felicia, white or yellow marguerites, or pastel petunias. Among English gardeners, they’re sometimes called Coventry bells. They were mentioned in the literature as early as the 15th Century; John Gerard, an English herbalist and surgeon, wrote that the interiors of the bell blooms had “much downie haire, such as in the eares of a dogge or such like beaste.”

The white roots of Canterbury bells are edible and are said to resemble rampion (Campanula rapunculus) , which is sometimes cultivated as a vegetable. In this Malibu garden, the ground squirrels immediately discovered the planting of Canterbury bells; they devoured the succulent taproot first and returned the next day to pull the tasty leaves into their tunnels for a European-style salad after the main course. Despite ingenious and heroic anti-squirrel measures, all three dozen Canterbury bell plants were lost. Therefore, we don’t recommend campanula in gardens frequented by ground squirrels or other root-eating animals.

Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus) is another old-fashioned plant classified as a biennial. A fairly recent strain, Wee Willie, is widely available in seedling form in the fall. Its dwarf habit and gay blooms make it effective in pots or in low borders. Seedlings of the taller strains of Sweet William are difficult to find in the fall. In the spring, one-gallon containers of tall Sweet William plants are sold in nurseries. These plants are in full bloom and will tempt you if you had been unable to find plants in the fall. However, they won’t bear nearly the quantity of blooms that garden-planted seedlings produce.

Like foxglove and campanula, Sweet William was found in early English gardens. Unlike many cultivated herbs and flowers, however, Sweet Williams of that time were “not used in meate or medecine, but esteemed for their beautie to decke up gardens, the bosomes of the beautiful, garlands and crownes for pleasure.”

When lists of biennials are recited, forget-me-not (Myosotis ) is always included. Many gardeners, particularly novices, feel compelled to try forget-me-not, perhaps because of its charming name or the attraction of its gentian blue flowers, so fetchingly pictured on seed packets. Two species are commonly grown. M. sylvatica , cultivated as a biennial, has blue blooms with yellow eyes and reaches a height of two feet. The second is M. scorpioides (sometimes sold as M. palustris ). This forget-me-not is considered a perennial, grows 18 inches high and bears bright quarter-inch blooms. Both species are said to be vigorous, but in this garden they were quite shy and eventually disappeared. (We’d be interested to hear the experiences of other forget-me-not growers. Do they really grow vigorously?)

English daisy (Bellis perennis ) is listed in seed catalogues as a biennial, but in our climate it is actually a perennial grown as an annual. Its button-sized blooms look like tiny asters in shades of white, pink, rose and red. Larger double varieties produce two-inch-wide blooms on six-inch stems. Used primarily in pots in partial shade, English daisies bloom in winter. The blooms are attractive, but the foliage becomes tattered rather quickly.

Pansies are a biennial we could not live without. In colder climates, seeds started in August are wintered over in cold frames and set out to bloom in late spring. In this area, though, pansies bloom throughout the winter, provided that seedlings are planted early enough. Pansies are particularly useful because they can tolerate more shade than most blooming plants, an important consideration when the sun sinks into its winter orbit and creates more shade. However, the more winter sun that pansies receive, the better the bloom display will be. They’ll bloom into spring if they’re fed regularly and if faded blossoms are removed.


The selection of pansies at garden centers can be bewildering. If you prefer such forms as monkey faces and blotches, choose Roggli’s Swiss Giants, Majestic Giants or Race Track Mix. If you like clear faces, try Crystal Bowl, a mixture of apricot, burgundy, azure, white and yellow. For a solid color scheme, you can buy pansies in individual colors–red, blue, orange, gold and white. A particularly good variety is ‘Orange Prince,’ which glows like a setting sun.

Today’s large-flowered, symmetrical pansy blooms are derived from the tiny tricolor viola called Johnny jump-up. Many gardeners prefer to plant hybrid violas. Although their viola blooms are smaller, they flower more profusely and stay more compact than pansies.

The gloriosa daisy, introduced in the late 1950s, is a relative newcomer to the garden scene. The development of this hybrid biennial is truly the tale of a simple country lass who went off to college and was transformed into a glamorous superstar. Plant scientist Albert F. Blakeslee, working at the University of Connecticut and later at Smith College, treated the common roadside wildflower black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia) with colchicine to double its chromosomes.

The resulting hybrid bears huge daisies five to six inches across, both in single and double form. Colors range from lemon yellow through gold and into rust red, mahogany and maroon. ‘Pinwheel’ is a stunning bicolor in mahogany and gold, and ‘Irish Eyes’ is golden yellow with an emerald-green center.

Unparticular about soil, gloriosa daisy grows like the weed it was and thrives on heat and sun. Seedlings are generally available in the spring, but the best selection of varieties is found in the catalogue of the Burpee Co., Warminster, Pa. 18974.

All plants shown here were planted in late October or early November and fed regularly (usually once a month) with a 10-5-5 liquid fertilizer. The first blooms of most of the plants were pinched out to promote bushy growth. Once or twice, it was necessary to spray with an all-purpose insecticide to control aphids and whitefly in this coastal garden.

Flowers That Look Like Bells

foxglove image by david purday from Fotolia.com

There is something truly enchanting about bell-shaped flowers. It’s a treat to watch bees crawl in and out of them gathering pollen, and it’s always a pleasant surprise to stumble upon such a plant at the edge of a wooded area. There are tall and short versions of these flowers.

Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)

lily of the valley image by Olena Turovtseva from Fotolia.com

Lily of the valley was introduced to American by European settlers. It has since become naturalized, thriving in shady, damp soils, often in areas where the ground has been disturbed. Two tall, bright green leaves surround a single stalk – called a raceme – of the same color that is adorned with small, white, bell-shaped flowers. The flowers have a very pleasant fragrance and lily of the valley is grown commercially for the perfume industry.

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

Foxglove image by Jeffrey Banke from Fotolia.com

Foxglove grows in the wild in the acid soils of the forest floor and in mountain grasslands. Foxglove is a biennial that grows up to 4 feet tall and attracts bees, as well as butterflies and hummingbirds. These plants will thrive at the shady edge of a garden and will only do well in full sun if the soil is very moist. According to Plants for a Future, one foxglove plant can produce up to 2 million seeds.

Bells of Ireland (Moluccella laevis)

Bells of Ireland originated in Western Asia, Turkey, Syria and the Caucasus. The green, bell-shaped part looks like a flower, but is actually the calyx, or the leaves, in the center of which sits a small white flower. These plants do well in cool, damp areas, such as the Pacific Northwest; they will not thrive in heat and humidity. It does very well as a container plant, and according to Rainy Side Gardeners, the flowers are a symbol of good luck.

Christmas Bells

Another name for Christmas bells is Chinese lantern lily. The plant is adorned with small yellow, orange or cream-colored flowers that resemble small lanterns or bells. The flowers hang from delicate green stems. This plant will climb if provided support.

Cathedral Bells

Cathedral bells are also known as cup and saucer vine. It is a fast-growing annual vine that can reach heights of 10 to 25 feet tall and will spread as wide if used as a groundcover. According to Cornell University, the flowers are green when they open then gradually change color, turning purple or white. Cathedral bells bloom all summer into fall.

Canterbury Bells

Canterbury bells might be pink, rose, lavender, white or blue. The bell-shaped flowers curl up at the edges and possess a calyx of the same color as the flower. This flower is tall and popular in cottage gardens, according to Rainy Side Gardeners. It makes a bold statement as a mass planting, and is also well placed as a border plant or in a cutting garden.

The world of flowering plants include more than just annuals and perennials. Hundreds of varieties of vines, shrubs and bulbs add beauty and color to the garden.

Want to learn the hidden meanings of each flower? Check out our dictionary of the meanings of each type of flower here and send a secret message.

Allium: Also known as flowering onion, this plant grows from a bulb or from seed, and produces globes of purple clusters of flowers atop long stems. Plant in full sun, in moist but well-drained soil.

Anemone: Also known as windflower, these tuberous flowers produce poppy-like blooms in early-to-mid spring. Plant anemones in full sun or part shade.

Artemisia: This perennial plant is grown more for its silvery, white foliage than for the small, white flowers, but makes an excellent backdrop for more showy flowers in a perennial bed. Give Artemisia (hardy to zone 4) dry, moderately fertile soil.

Alyssum: Classified as a perennial, this plant is grown as an annual in cold climates. Its tiny clusters of blooms are attractive at the edge of a bed or in pots with geraniums or other annuals.

Aster: Asters bloom in late summer to early fall, when many other perennials have faded. They range from varieties that skim the ground, to those towering 6 feet high. The daisy-like flowers come in many colors; the most common shades are purple, lavender, pink, red, blue and white. Plant asters in moist, well-drained soil in a sunny area.

Astilbe: For color in a shade garden, few perennials can beat astilbe. The plants produce feathery, plumelike flowers and fernlike leaves. Astilbes prefer acidic, moist soil and partial shade.

Bachelor Button: Sometimes called cornflower, this plant is more frost-hardy than most annuals, and produce small, multi-petaled flowers. Sow seeds in the garden in early spring in a sunny location.

Balloon Flower: Balloon flowers bring to mind cottage gardens, with their old-fashioned bell-shaped flowers. Plant these perennials in sun or partial shade. They prefer slightly acidic, moist soil.

Bee Balm: Plant bee balm in a perennial bed, but keep an eye on it. This plant can become invasive. The large, bright flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Grow bee balm in sun or partial shade and a rich soil.

Bellflower: This old fashioned perennial has lovely bell-shaped flowers; most varieties are blue, lavender, pink or white. Plant bellflower in sun and provide moist, rich soil.

Blanketflower: Gaillardias, or blanketflowers, thrive in hot, dry locations and produce daisy-like flowers in a variety of hues, such as red, yellow and gold. Many are multi-colored. Plant them in sandy, well-drained soil and don’t overwater them.

Bleeding Heart: This native plant produces spectacular white, pink or red heart-shaped blooms on long, arching stems. Plant bleeding hearts in slightly acidic, moist soil in partial shade.

Bougainvillea: This thorny shrub or vine-like plant grows throughout the Southwestern and Southeastern United States. Its flowers are papery and come in a variety of shades, such as fuschia, pink, white or salmon. It loves heat, full sun and dry conditions. Grow it as an annual in the north.

Broom: Broom is a fast-growing shrub with an open, arching habit. It is covered with yellow flowers in spring. Plant broom in full sun. It tolerates poor, sandy soil and drought conditions.

Butterfly Weed: Butterfly weed is related to milkweed and attracts not only butterflies, but caterpillars. It produces bright flower clusters in early-to-mid summer. Plant butterfly weed in full sun in light, well-drained soil.

Butterfly Bush: Not to be confused with butterfly weed, this flowering shrub can grow 8 feet high, producing long spikes of colorful blooms. The plant is drought tolerant and prefers full sun. In warm locations, it can become invasive.

Camellia: Camellias are only hardy south of zone 8. If you’re lucky enough to live in a temperate region, though, make a place for them in your yard. The fragrant flowers, which range from red to pink to white are 2 to 5 inches wide and bloom in the winter.

Catmint: This fast-growing perennial produces lavender blooms and soft, green-gray foliage. It grows in full sun or partial shade and is very drought tolerant. And yes, cats adore it.

Chrysanthemum: Mums are generally grown as annuals in cold climates. These plants may produce dime-size pompoms to huge, daisy-like blooms.

Clematis: This flowering vine produces extravagant flowers in mid-summer or late fall, depending on the variety. Plant clematis in full sun, but keep its roots cool with mulch or other plants.

Columbine: Columbines grow wild in woodlands throughout the United States, but their lovely, fragile blooms complement perennial beds, as well. Grow columbines in partial shade to full sun.

Coneflower: Daisy-like blooms and easy care make coneflower a good choice for any perennial bed. Black-eyed Susan is a popular variety and may stand 6 inches high to 4 feet high. Purple coneflower produces large purple flowers with iridescent centers. Coneflower prefers full sun and tolerates drought.

Coral Bells: Delicate red or pink bells dangle above wiry stems. Coral bells are hardy to zone 3 and grow well in a shade garden. They prefer moist, fertile soil with good drainage.

Coreopsis: These cheery yellow or orange flowers resemble daisies and grow in almost any conditions. They are short-lived, but self-sow. Deadhead the flowers to keep the plant looking tidy.

Cosmos: Cosmos grow easily, producing light airy flowers most of the summer. They grow as much as 4 feet high and may require staking. Plant them in full sun or part shade. They prefer slightly dry, infertile soil.

Crocus: This spring-blooming bulb pokes its head up long before other plants appear. The flowers come in a variety of colors and resemble small, delicate tulips. Plant crocus in sun or shade. If you have the room, plant them in several locations to extend bloom time.

Cyclamen: Most people think of the exotic florists’ cyclamen that produce large, magnolia-like blooms, but alas, they are only hardy to zone 9. If you live in a northern climate, try hardy cyclamen, hardy to zone 5. The flowers are slightly smaller, but just as beautiful. Plant cyclamen corms in mid-summer.

Dahlia: Once you’ve mastered spring-blooming bulbs, try your hand at summer-blooming bulbs, such as dahlias. These flowers are planted in the spring after the last frost for a summer display of large, multi-petaled blooms. Dig them up and store them after the first few frosts.

Day Lily: Day lilies are often found growing along ditches and in fields, a testament to their low-maintenance style. Plant day lilies in full sun or partial shade. Divide them every two to three years.

Delphinium: These majestic plants are a bit finicky, but earn their keep in beautiful spikes of blooms. They prefer cool summers, rich alkaline soil and moist conditions. Stake tall delphiniums to keep them from toppling.

Foxglove: This old-fashioned plant is a bit hard to grow and may not reliably come back in cold climates. Plant it in partial shade. Foxglove prefers well-drained, moist, fertile soil. Foxglove is toxic.

Gas Plant: The gas plant grows slowly, but rewards the patient gardener with pink or white flower spikes in early spring. This plant prefers full sun to partial shade. The plants produce a gas on humid summer nights. Lore says the gas can be ignited by a match.

Gayfeather: These native American wildflowers produce tall stalks of delicate flowers. Plant them in full sun. Hardy to zone 4.

Geranium: Common geraniums are most often grown as annuals north of zone 7, although they overwinter well in a sunny, indoor location. The flowers come in a variety of colors and the plants have a peppery smell. Grow them in full sun.

Gladiolus: Like dahlias, gladiolus are summer-blooming corms. They produce spikes of colorful blooms. Grow them in a sunny location and dig them up when the first fall frost arrives.

Globeflower: These perennial flowers grow best in partial shade, producing large round flowers in shades of yellow or orange.

Grape Hyacinth: These bulbs bloom in spring, producing clusters of tiny blue or purple flowers that resemble grapes. Plant them in late summer in full sun or part shade.

Hardy Geranium: These perennial plants are not related to annual geraniums. They produce five-petaled blooms from late spring well into summer and prefer partial shade.

Hollyhock: Hollyhocks were the mainstay of the cottage garden for many years. These biennial plants produce papery flowers in a variety of colors on stalks that may grow 7 feet high. Plant them in full sun in moist, rich soil.

Honeysuckle: This old-fashioned vine produces white and gold blooms and may be quite invasive. Plant it in sun or shade and prune them back to control them.

Hosta: Hostas produce white, lavender or pink blooms, but are grown more for their lush green or variegated foliage. Plant hostas in partial to full shade.

Hyacinth: Hyacinths are spring-blooming bulbs that produce spikes of flowers suitable for cuttings. Their sweet scent is also welcome in an indoor arrangement. Plant hyacinth bulbs in early fall.

Hybrid Tea Roses: Hybrid tea roses are among the most common flowers for wedding bouquets. While they take a bit of pampering to grow, the sturdy blooms make lovely, long-lasting flower arrangements. Plant tea roses in full sun, in moist, well-drained soil.

Hydrangea: Think hydrangeas are just for Southern gardeners? Think again. While mophead hydrangeas are hardy only to zone 6, several other varieties, such as ‘Annabelle’ thrive in cold regions. Give hydrangeas moist, slightly acidic soil. Learn more.

Impatien: Choose impatiens when you want a quick burst of color in a shady spot. Impatiens are tender annuals, and usually come in pink, red, white, purple or salmon. Plant them after the last frost. Learn more.

Iris: Iris grow from tubers and bloom in early-to-mid spring before most perennials appear. They spread rapidly, requiring division every three to four years.

Jupiter’s Beard: This fast-growing perennial produces bright masses of pink or red flowers mid-to-late summer. The plant prefers full sun, but isn’t picky about soil.

Kerria: This flowering shrub grows 5 to 7 feet high and produces colorful yellow flowers in late spring. The plant prefers partial shade and well-drained soil.

Lamium: Lamium produces lovely spikes of pink, purple or white blooms, but it is more often grown for its variegated leaves. Lamium is a fast-growing ground cover that thrives in shady conditions.

Lantana: These plants produce lovely clusters of tiny flowers on long, trailing vines. A perennial, grown as an annual in northern climates, lantana work well planted en masse, in hanging containers.

Larkspur: Larkspur are an easy-care alternative to fussy delphiniums, producing tall stalks of airy flowers. Plant these annuals in early spring as soon as the soil is soft. They thrive in full sun, or part shade. Mulch larkspur to keep the roots cool. Learn more.

Lavender: Lavender is lovely growing in masses in the perennial bed, but is equally fine in dried arrangements, wreaths or as fragrant sachets. Spanish or French varieties are generally hardy only to zone 6. Choose English lavender in cold regions.

Lilac: Lilac’s unique fragrance and lovely clusters of blooms last for several days in cut arrangements. Lilac prefers full sun, but tolerates drought and poor soils.

Lily-of-the-Valley: The fragrant, white bell-like flowers of this plant are often included in wedding bouquets, but it is also used as a ground cover. Plant it in part to full shade.

Lobelia: The tiny clustered flowers of lobelia look lovely in hanging baskets. Lobelia are most commonly blue although they may also be white. Give these annual plants moist, rich soil and partial sun in hot climates.

Loosestrife: Loosestrife produces tall spikes of pink or purple flowers, making them a good choice for the back of the garden. They provide vertical interest, but are easier to grow than floxgove or delphinium. They do not require staking. Plant loosestrife in full or partial shade.

Lupine: Tall spikes of flower clusters look spectacular at the back of a perennial bed. Most varieties prefer cool, moist conditions. Plant them in sun or light shade.

Marigold: Marigolds have a distinct, peppery smell that some people find displeasing. The good news is that insect pests may also avoid the scent. Sow marigold seeds in flower beds and around the vegetable garden in late spring, after the last frost.

Mock Orange: Mock orange shrubs bear clusters of fragrant white flowers in mid-spring to early summer. The shrub grows 3 to 6 feet high and tolerates almost any soil type. Plant in sun or part shade.

Morning Glory: This annual vine grows quickly, providing instant color on fences, arbors or mailboxes. The plant is slow to germinate – try soaking the seeds or nicking them with a file –but produces lovely, round blooms all summer. It self-sows and may become invasive.

Moon Flower: This relative of the morning glory vine produces fragrant, night-blooming flowers. Like morning glory, it is an annual north of zone 8.

Narcissus: Whether you call them narcissus, daffodils or jonquils, these spring blooming bulbs provide bright cheer under deciduous trees, in flower beds or naturalized in a lawn. Daffodils are most commonly white, yellow, orange or multi-colored. Deer consider tulips a rare delicacy, but avoid daffodils.

Nasturtium: These tender annuals produce ruffled flowers in a variety of bright colors and round, variegated foliage. Both the flowers and leaves are edible. Plant nasturtiums after the last frost in full sun and dry, sandy soil.

Nicotiana: Also known as flowering tobacco, nicotiana has trumpet-shaped flowers that smell sweet at night. Plant nicotiana in full sun, in well-drained, slightly alkaline soil.

New Guinea impatien: New Guinea impatiens have glossy, variegated foliage and larger blooms than regular impatiens. Grow them in partial shade, in moist, cool conditions.

Oleander: Oleander is an evergreen shrub, hardy only to zone 8 or 9. It produces lovely, fragrant white or pink flowers. The plant is highly toxic.

Pansy: Technically a perennial, pansies are treated as frost-hardy annuals in cold climates. Plant them in early spring for some bright color. They are suitable for annual beds, containers and pots. Pansies don’t tolerate heat.

Passion Flower: These robust, tropical vines produce large, showy flowers and even fruit. The maypop is hardy to zone 6 or 7; other varieties grow in warm climates only. Grow passion flower vines in full sun and light, moist soil.

Peony: Old-fashioned peonies thrive in cold climates and don’t tolerate warm winters, although some new varieties are warm-region adapted. They take several years to become established and may require staking, but their beautiful, lush blooms are worth the wait. Peonies are a popular, if fragile, choice for wedding bouquets.

Petunias: Petunias are frost-tender annuals related to the potato. They come in many colors and bloom profusely from early summer. Plant petunias in beds or containers in full sun. Water them regularly during hot weather. Petunias grow slowly from seed; most gardeners prefer to use nursery transplants.

Pinks: Dianthus, commonly known as ‘pinks,’ resemble carnations and come in a variety of colors and sizes. Pinks prefer full sun and thrive in slightly alkaline, well-drained soil.

Poppy: Oriental poppies produce showy flowers in late spring or summer. Plant them in late summer or fall, in full sun, except in hot climates, where they benefit from partial shade.

Primrose: Primrose come in a rainbow of hues and may stand 3 inches high to over 2 feet high, depending on the variety. All primroses prefer partial shade, moist soil and cool conditions. They don’t tolerate hot climates.

Rhododendron: Rhododendron and azaleas are lovely shrubs, with glossy evergreen leaves and brilliant clusters of blossoms. Unfortunately, they are somewhat picky about growing conditions. They require moist, acidic soil and wind protection.

Rose of Sharon: This shrub produces papery, exotic looking flowers in late summer. The shrub has a somewhat columnar growth and is good for hedges. It grows in full sun or part shade and tolerates most soil types.

Salvia: Salvia spreads quickly, forming clumplike masses with stalks of blue, red or lavender flowers. While it is treated as an annual, the plant self-sows prolifically, so you may have volunteers throughout the garden.

Scabiosa: Sometimes called pin cushions, these plants produce lacy blue or white flowers atop 6 inch stems. Plant a mass of them for the best effect. Scabiosa prefers full sun and moist, slightly alkaline soil.

Scilla: These cold-hardy bulbs produce delicate bell-shaped flowers in early spring. The blooms are most often lavender, pink or white. Plant scilla in late fall in sun or part shade.

Sedum: Sedum produce succulent leaves and thick, padded flowers, often in the fall, depending on the variety. Plant them in full-sun, in a rock garden or other infertile place.

Shasta Daisy: Shasta daisies produce white flowers suitable for cut arrangements, blooming through most of the summer. Plant them in full sun, except in hot climates where they benefit from some shade.

Shrub Roses: Shrub roses are old-fashioned cousins of hybrid tea roses. Their blooms are usually less complex, but more fragrant than tea roses. Plant shrub roses in full sun. They require less maintenance than tea roses, but benefit from yearly pruning.

Silver Lace Vine: Silver lace vine produces clusters of pink or white blooms in late summer, when most other vines and perennials are slowing down. It tolerates poor soil and drought conditions.

Snap Dragon: Snap dragons are perennials grown as half-hardy annuals. They produce stalks of flowers in a variety of hues and bloom long after most annuals are killed off by frost. Sow seeds in late spring in full sun.

Snowball bush: This viburnum grows 8 to 12 feet high and produces large, round clusters of white flowers in mid-to-late spring. Snowball bush isn’t picky about soil types and tolerates drought.

Snowdrops: Plant these bulbs in late summer for an early spring display. Snowdrops are usually the first flowers to appear, brightening a dreary landscape with their white, drooping flowers.

Sweet Pea: Sweet peas are related to garden peas and produce fragrant white, pink or blue flowers on climbing vines. Plant them in early spring since they prefer cool temperatures.

Trumpet Vine: This robust, climbing vine produces fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Plant it in full sun in slightly dry conditions. Learn more.

Tulip: A large display of spring-blooming tulips makes a stunning and welcome statement when most other plants are dormant. Tulips come in a wide variety of colors and sizes. Plant them in fall, choosing heavy, well-formed bulbs that show no signs of rot. Learn more.

Vinca: Also known as periwinkle, vinca is a ground cover that produces glossy, dark green leaves and blue or white flowers in early spring. Grow vinca anywhere you need a fast-growing ground cover. The plant tolerates dry, poor soils and shade.

Wisteria: Wisteria is not for the faint-hearted. These exotic, long-lived vines require a strong support (never a tree) and may become invasive in warm climates. Their violet, white or pink clusters of blooms bloom unpredictably and are easily killed by cold.

Yarrow: Yarrow produce clusters of yellow, white, salmon, pink or red flowers atop long stems. Their airy, grayish green foliage is attractive, as well. Yarrow spread quickly and tolerate drought and poor soils.

The choices may seem limitless, but for great results, choose plants adapted to your area that require little care. Combine shrubs with perennials, bulbs and annuals for a pleasing landscape theme.

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