The Lantana is an annual flower that is abundantly covered through the summer with brightly colored blossoms. The shrubby plant comes in garden varieties bearing white, yellow, gold, orange, and red flowers; usually the older flowers in each cluster are a different color than the younger ones.
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Description: Lantanas are woody shrubs with large, rough leaves. They grow about three feet tall and equally wide over a summer. When protected against frost, they can grow to 15 feet or more in height over a period of years.
How to grow: Lantanas need full sun and hot weather-and actually poor soil-to give their best performance. They are frost-sensitive, so plant outdoors after the ground has warmed thoroughly. Space the plants about 18 inches apart.
Propagation: Take cuttings in February for spring planting.
Uses: Lantanas are most often used in containers. They grow well in sunny window boxes, hanging baskets, or patio planters.
Related varieties: New Gold with yellow flowers grows 18 to 24 inches tall.
Scientific name: Lantana hybrida
The small-growing, bushy West Indian Lantana is very popular in local gardens and on balconies and patios. Ideally, the plant is kept in a pot, as it is hardy only limitedly and in very mild areas without any frosts. However, because of its colourful blossoms it also looks beautiful as a houseplant during the winter months. However, it can definitely move to the outside in the warm months.
- indigenous in: American tropics
- not hardy
- height, 30 to 150 cm
- blossom colours: Yellow, orange, pink, purple
- colour changing over the summer
- blossoming period: from May to October
- leaves: coarse, hairy and dark-green
- does not from seeds after flowering
- all parts are poisonous
The mostly bushy, short plant owes its name to the colour changing blossoms that characterise West Indian Lantana. They start out with a warm yellow tone and transform their colours to orange or pink over the summer.
Unfortunately, the plant that is originally from the American tropics is not hardy and must therefore spend the cold months in a room. However, it will also be a graceful eye-catcher inside as the houseplant can be an attractive decorative element. Its coarse, hairy, dark-green leaves are also characteristic for Lantana.
What is definitely special about West Indian Lantana is that its blossom colours change over the course of the blossoming period. If they are initially white or yellow in spring they will get darker over time or completely change their colour. That way it is possible for different blossom colours to appear next to each other on a single shrub of the plant. West Indian Lantana is mostly cultivated as a shrub however, market gardens often offer these graceful plants as little standard trees.
The care of this versatile plant is relatively easy if you follow the instructions and make an inside winter quarter available for it. If you want to enjoy your West Indian Lantana for many years, please keep the following points in mind.
The ideal site for Lantana Camara is particularly sunny, bright, protected and warm. Semi-shade may occur however, West Indian Lantana should not be exposed to cold wind or heavy rain.
Therefore, the ideal site is outside:
- on a roofed patio or balcony
- preferably towards the south side
- in a sunny spot
- at least three hours of direct sunlight
- alternatively, very bright
- protected from the wind by a wall
- take inside in winter
Rain and wind may delay the growth and also if the plant is kept in a place that is too dark the variety of blossom may suffer. If you therefore cultivate West Indian Lantana in a pot it can be moved to different sites according to the weather.
Slightly acidic to neutral, rich in nutrients, loose and without lime, this is what the ideal soil conditions look like for West Indian Lantana.
As for the soil used, regular garden soil that can be enriched with compost for the necessary nutrients is sufficient. You may also use high-quality potting soil for flowering plants for cultivation in a pot.
The ideal planting time for West Indian Lantana is spring. Ready blossoming plants are often on offer in summer and may also still be planted. As Lantana is not hardy it is not necessary that it is fully-grown before the first frost, as the pot will be taken inside. However, you should not plant in winter.
Plants in Plots
West Indian Lantana that are cultivated in a plot are called annual plants, as they won’t survive the winter at a side like this in our latitudes. Low degrees of frost already afflict the plant and cause it to die. Therefore, it is not sensible to cultivate the graceful plant in a plot. On warm days you may put your Lantana Camara out in your garden but keep it in its pot. However, on windy or rainy days it should be moved back under a protecting roof on a balcony or patio.
Plants in Pots
The best alternative for the non-hardy West Indian Lantana is the cultivation in a pot. This way it can always be moves to the ideal site. Ideally, choose a pot that seems too small, as the plant likes it tight. Put the pot on a stand with wheels before filling it with soil so that you will be able to move it from site to site especially when the plant is already a bit bigger.
When planting proceed in the following manner:
- create drainage to prevent water logging
- put stones or pieces of pottery over the drain at the bottom of the pot
- cover with plant fleece so that soil won’t cover the hole
- fill up half way with prepared soil
- insert plant
- fill up with remaining soil and press down lightly
- water thoroughly
West Indian Lantana should be repotted regularly. They show when the time is right, as the roots will either grow out of the drain hole at the bottom of the pot or appear overground when the pot becomes too small for them. Nevertheless, a large pot should not be used, as the plant likes restriction and will blossom more beautifully in a pot that actually seems a bit too small. Proceed with repotting as you would when planting in a pot.
West Indian Lantana requires a lot of water however, water logging should be avoided. Preferably, water daily in the early morning and late evening hours during summer time. As the plant should not be exposed to rain it needs to be watered on rainy days as well.
Lantana Camara does not cope well with drought. If you forget to water once it will show on the hanging blossoms. You should act immediately and supply the graceful plant with enough water. The soil should never dry out completely.
Furthermore, you should keep the following in mind when watering:
- West Indian Lantana does not tolerate lime
- therefore, use collected rainwater to water
- if this is not possible, use stale tap water
Not only rain barrels catch water in the garden. If you do not have the chance for it, it is also possible to hang a container from the balcony or from the edge of the patio so that rainwater can be collected in it.
Fertilizing is very important so that West Indian Lantana can thrive and blossom persistently. Therefore, compost is folded into the soil. Alternatively, liquid fertilizer for blossoming plants may be used.
When fertilizing please pay attention to the following:
- start fertilizing in spring
- as soon as the plant has formed new leaves
- from now on fertilize every four weeks
- if you are using liquid fertilizer pay attention to the manufacturer’s information
- fertilize ever two weeks as soon as the blossoming period starts
- slowly stop fertilizing from September
Unlike from watering, abstain from fertilizing in winter completely.
Besides the winter trim that should occur if West Indian Lantana should hibernate in a dark quarter there is also a trim in spring as well as the maintenance trim over the summer months.
If the plant is supposed to hibernate in a dark place this is not a problem if it has been trimmed by half its size before hibernation. A radical cut that actually does not harm the plant as it will start sprouting again in spring and the blossoms will only form on the young shoots.
Trimming in Spring
Cut back West Indian Lantana extensively in spring before the first sprouting. This is applicable to plants that have hibernated in a light place without a previous trim in winter as well as to plants that were placed in a dark spot and have therefore been trimmed before.
When trimming you should proceed in the following manner:
- use a pair of sharp, clean and disinfected scissors
- wear gloves because of its poisonousness
- trim all old shoots extensively
- halving is ideal
- however, you may also trim off more
Here, it is particularly important how big your Lantana has grown or how small you wish to keep it. You may even trim down to the width of one hand, as the graceful West Indian Lantana will still start sprouting again. This is particularly beneficial if you did not like the previous shape.
Remove the withered blossoms as soon as possible over the summer and the blossoming period. This way, the blossoming can be extended until late autumn, as the plant does not need to put all of its power in the formation of the seeds.
West Indian Lantana is not hardy and must therefore be protected from the first frost on. Usually, the plant is taken inside in its pot.
Here, the following bright rooms are recommendable:
- living room
- slightly heated conservatories
- temperatures should be between 10° and 20° Celsius
- especially at higher temperatures you will have to water regularly
Lantana ‚Calippo‘ Orange
If there is no bright place available for hibernation the plant can also hibernate in a darker place. The crown should then be trimmed by at least half in advance. The temperature at a darker place should remain consistently at 5° Celsius. Only water moderately, the root bale must not dry out. The usually evergreen plant will lose all its leaves at this site however, will start sprouting again in spring.
In February, you should already begin to slowly bring your West Indian Lantana back from hibernation. Therefore, it should be moved to a warmer and brighter site. You should also start watering more. This way, the plants will start sprouting again more quickly.
If it is brought back from hibernation later than that, it is possible that the blossoming will only start very late in summer. Now it is time to trim the crown, even if you already did so at a dark site. However, West Indian Lantana may only move back to its side on the balcony or patio after mid May.
Furthermore, please pay attention to the following:
- only slowly start adjusting the plant to the sun again
- initially, choose a site without direct sunlight
- now you should also start fertilising again and watering more
Lantana ‚Calippo‘ Orange
Generally, West Indian Lantana can be propagated with cuttings or by sowing. Here, it is important to note that you should use cuttings if you wish to have the same blossom colour. When using seeds of you own West Indian Lantana colour changes may occur:
When trimming Lantana Camara in spring you may use the trimmed off parts as cuttings. Simply place them in small pots filled with propagation soil. The soil must be kept damp constantly. The pots should be placed in a bright and warm place where they will start rooting. When first leaves start to show the propagation was successful and the new West Indian Lantana may be moved to its new pot.
If you know that you wish to use the seeds of you West Indian Lantana for propagation you should not remove all wilted and dried blossoms in summer, as the round, black beads, the seeds are formed here. Initially, they are green and turn black over time. Only then are they ripe and should be extracted.
When sowing please note the following:
- late winter is the best time
- therefore, fill pots with propagation soil
- insert the seeds and water lightly
- keep soil damp
- cover pots with glass or foil
- air every day
- put in warm and bright place
- first seedlings will appear after two to four weeks
- prick and place in the desired pots individually
- the plants may only be placed outside when they are about 10 cm tall
It is sensible to leave the small plants on a bright sill that is protected from the full mid-day sun in the first year. Especially young plants can easily burn in the constant sunlight outside.
Lantana is actually relatively robust towards pests however, pests will infect West Indian Lantana quicker in wintertime. This includes grey mould, which will show on leaves and branches as a white to grew coating. If that is the case the site should immediately be changed. Remove all infected parts and use a commercially available fungicide.
Parasites of West Indian Lantana include whitefly especially in the winter months as well as aphids in summertime.
In a warm and moist climate, the graceful plant can be attacked by whitefly quickly and especially when kept inside as it feels particularly comfortable in these surroundings. Ichneumon flies, which can be used in a conservatory, are particularly useful here. As an alternative, adhesive traps on which whitefly will get caught are sensible.
Aphids usually infest the plant outside on the patio or balcony. If a spray down as well as spraying a mixture of water and washing-up liquid does not help commercially available insecticides should be used, which will get rid of them quickly.
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Lantana Camara: Texas Lantana
Turn up the color in your garden with the non-stop flowers of Lantana camara. Also known as common lantana or shrub verbena, Lantana camara opens blossoms by the dozens in every region all summer long. While Lantana camara is native to South Texas, it’s not the lantana commonly known as Texas lantana. That beauty is Lantana horrida, which has yellow-orange blossoms.
Lantana camara stages floral fireworks of its own, though, opening spherical flower heads packed with individual blossoms. The flower heads are usually 1 to 2 inches across and feature a rainbow of colors. Buds start one color, open to reveal another hue and can easily shift through several other shades before fading. From a distance, the multicolored flower may appear orange or yellow, but as you come closer, you may discover individual blossoms in several shades of rose, gold, red, tangerine and even white.
Lantana camara blooms beckon butterflies and other pollinators like crazy. It’s a perfect plant to include in a butterfly garden to serve nectar to the winged insects. Bees also flock to the blooms, as do other beneficial insects.
A native of South Texas and tropical regions in Central and South America, Lantana camara is winter hardy in Zones 9 and 10. In Zone 8, plants are root hardy, meaning that temperatures of 28°F kill plants to the ground, but roots remain alive and resprout in spring. A thick mulch around the base of Lantana camara plants can help them overwinter reliably in Zone 8 and occasionally in Zone 7b during mild winters.
Heat- and drought-tolerant, Lantana camara is versatile in the landscape. Plants tolerate high heat, humidity and drought. They soak up sun without missing a blooming beat and crave well-drained soil. Lantana camara also tolerates salt spray and sandy soil, which makes it a frequent landscape choice in coastal areas. Gardeners in regions with water use restrictions rely on lantana to create mounding color that doesn’t demand excess irrigation.
Lantana camara typically grows 36 to 72 inches tall and wide in regions where it’s winter hardy. In other areas, this beauty can quickly reach 36 to 48 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide in the course of a single growing season. Flowering usually starts in early summer and continues non-stop until fall frost.
It’s tough to beat this bloomer for versatility in the garden. Lantana camara is equally at home in containers, hanging baskets and landscape beds. In warmest regions, it’s frequently used as part of shrub borders or as a low hedge. Lantana camara has escaped cultivation and is classified as an invasive plant in Hawaii, Florida and Texas. Never dig naturalized plants in these areas to add to your garden. Instead, purchase commercially available varieties that won’t spread.
Lantana camara forms berried fruits that, when unripe, are quite toxic. Leaves have an unpleasant odor when crushed and have been known to poison pets and livestock. Deer and rabbits leave this plant alone.
How to Space Lantana Plants in a Garden
Lantanas are spreading plants that are typically used as ground covers. Lantanas can grow as tall as 2 to 3 feet and up to 8 feet wide. They work well in small gardens and on slopes for erosion control. Lantanas bloom all year in warm climates. In cooler climates, they go dormant in the winter, but bloom again in the spring. There are many different varieties of lantana plants, but most can grow as perennials in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 11. In cooler zones, lantanas are often grown as annuals. Lantanas prefer full sun or partial shade. They are also known to attract butterflies.
Think about how wide your lantana plant can spread. Most lantana varieties can reach a mature spread of 4 feet. This means a two foot perimeter around the original planting site.
Space lantana as far apart as they will eventually spread. For example, if your plants will spread out 4 feet, then plant the lantanas 4 feet apart. In a couple of years, the lantana will most likely grow and spread to fill in the space with little pruning, if any. Since some plants do not ever reach their potential mature spread, you may want to plant them a bit closer together, especially if you live in a cooler zone and are only growing it as an annual.
Alternatively, space lantana about two thirds of their mature spread. For example, if your lantana’s mature spread is 8 feet, then plant them about 5 feet apart. This will fill in the planting site in just one or two years, however, you will need to prune the plants to keep them under control. This is a good thing since pruning encourages more blooms.
Cover the bare areas around the lantana plants with a couple inches of mulch, such as bark or pine needles. Once the plants grow and fill in the space, you do not need mulch. Mulch helps retain water and keep the weeds out.
Beautiful Lantana ConfettiThere’s Nothing Like Them
Lantana Confetti are simply amazing! They are one of my all-time favorites. Confetti are easy to care for and very drought tolerant. When planted in good soil they need little or no additional nutrients. They can even survive with only a little additional irrigation. That alone is enough to try these plants, but this is still not the reason I like these plants so much.
So why do I like Lantana Confetti so much? They grow fast and are incredible bloomers. The picture above shows confetti filling an eight foot long planter. Now get this, I started the spring with just 4 six inch tall plants planted in one row! By mid-summer they had filled in all the gaps. The recommended spacing on these plants is 36 inches apart.
However, if you space them 24 inches apart you can make a solid row. But there’s more. If you want to attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and other beneficial insects to your property, confetti will do it.
Here are Other facts on Lantana confetti
Origin: Lantanas are native to North America.
Flowers: Multiple clusters of pink, red, yellow, purple flowers. Individual clusters will often have more than one color pattern.
Bloom: They will bloom from the time of planting until the first or second hard frost.
Exposure: Full sun.
Stems and foliage: On mature plants stems are strong and woody. They can take strong winds and a lot of punishment. Leaves are dark green.
Edible: No. The plants is supposed to be toxic to pets. Therefore, I would think they are just as toxic to people.
Height: Plants can grow to over 24 inches tall and can fill up or overtake a small space. Space plants at 36 inches apart or a bit closer for a tight group.
Drought Tolerance: Lantana Confetti are very drought tolerant and will survive very well without additional irrigation during summer vacations, etc.
Soil: Will tolerate most soils, but prefers fertile, well-drained soils.
Fertility: Light fertilization is all they need.
Cautions in Tropical Climates: Lantana is an annual in most of the U.S. and Canada, but can act as a perennial in tropical or semi-tropical climates. In these warmer climates it can become invasive. Where it acts as a perennial it can actually grow to be a short shrub with year long blooms in warm climates. Shrubs can be trimmed and shaped at any time of year.
If you live in a warm or tropical climate, be sure to check to see if it is legal to plant this species of Lantana where you live.
Planting Confetti in Containers: In my experience, Confetti does not do as well in pots as they do in the ground. Lantana planted in my patio containers did not put on any additional branches. Existing branches extended in length is all. However, cutting the branches could force branching and you may have better luck with containers,
Lantana Confetti will do well without additional fertilization. However, they can excel with additional plant fertilizer. In poor soil the flowers will be more vibrant and increase number with proper care and added fertilization.
Here’s what I do: I will take a wheelbarrow full of horse manure and rototill it into my small flower gardens before planting. (I have a small farm.) The additional organic material benefits the soil and the added nutrients increase plant growth.
I also use AgriGro biostimulants in low doses on all my plants. The increased microorganisms break down the organic material in the soil much faster, releasing even more nutrients. There are many more benefits to using biostimulants. As a result, I have gotten far bigger plants with far more flowers. The differences have been numerous.
For more information on AgriGro biostimulants, please see our page on AgriGro Products.
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Lantana Confetti Flowers back to Lawn Care Academy Home
One of the most heat-tolerant and dependable summer flowers, lantana is a woody annual that is also perennial in zones 8, 9, and 10. The plants are great in hanging baskets, window boxes, containers, and in the ground. Plant them in flower beds for a spot of color, or use them in mass as a flowering summer ground cover. This is an excellent plant to attract butterflies to your garden or deck. Its ability to stand heat and salt make it a good choice for the beach, too.
Lantana grows in poor soil and full sun, so it a good choice in hot places by the driveway, the street, or in a sunny patio pot. Plant after the last frost in spring in well-drained soil and feed with a timed-release fertilizer when you plant. Although very drought tolerant and forgiving, lantana will grow fastest and bloom best if you keep the soil moist. Plants need little care other than a light snipping back if you want to control their size.
Some Bonnie Plants varieties may not be available at your local stores, as we select and sell varieties best suited to the growing conditions in each region.
- Type Annual
- Light Full sun
- Plant spacing 18 to 36 inches apart
- Plant size 12 to 24 inches tall
Some Bonnie Plants varieties may not be available in your local area, due to different variables in certain regions. Also, if any variety is a limited, regional variety it will be noted on the pertinent variety page.
Category: Flowers SKU: 1082