- Guava Trees
- Guava Tree ‘Ruby Supreme’
- Grow Delicious Tropical Fruit
- Planting & Care
- Portrait of Guavas
- Preferred Growing Conditions
- Planting Considerations
- Basic Care Guidelines
- Dealing With Problems
- Cultivar Selections
- Taste of the Tropics
- All About the Guava Flower
The Guava is a sub-tropical fruit native to central America. It is grown from Florida across the lower south, gulf coastal region to Texas, as an outdoor plant. With a good source of light, guava varieties can be grown in containers and brought indoors for growing in northern climates. The Guava is a small fruit tree or evergreen shrub that produces fragrant white flowers followed by 2-4 inch long round or oval shaped fruits. The fruits come in different varieties ranging from white, pink, yellow, or red. When ripe they are soft with a creamy texture. The juice is very sweet and highly nutritious. The trees are generally self-fertile, however they do produce a much larger crop when cross-pollinated with other varieties. Guava trees are easy to grow and are adaptable to many soil types. However, they prefer regular watering and fertilizing on a monthly basis. Willis Orchard Company offers a unique selection of Guava trees for sale (Pink, Yellow, White, and Red). So try one of each type of guava for your home orchard, you won’t regret it.
Guava Tree ‘Ruby Supreme’
Grow Delicious Tropical Fruit
Easily Grown Indoors or Out – Depending on Your Zone
Guava trees can grow outdoors in zones 8-11, or indoors in colder areas. Just bring your potted tree indoors for the winter. It makes a great houseplant. The guava is self-pollinating. Like most self-pollinating fruit trees, you will get even more production with a second one – in order to cross-pollinate.
The guava fruit is round to pear-shaped and can grow between 2-4 inches long. When ripe, the rind softens and is edible. The inner flesh is ruby in color and has a soft, pulpy texture. The fruit has a sweet flavor and a pleasant aroma. In warmer climates, the fruit will ripen year-round. A mature Guava tree can produce 40 – 70 lbs of fruit per year. Even a patio tree kept at 4-6 ft can give you plenty to enjoy and share.
This tree is drought tolerant but will produce more fruit if watered regularly. It will easily adapt to most soil conditions and enjoys full sunlight. Guava trees love organic fertilizer and will use it to grow even quicker and fruit even heavier.
Why Our Guava Trees are Superior
You’ll get fruit the 1st year – not the 8th. Some nurseries send Guava trees with the dirt washed off the roots. This is not healthy for tropical plants. That’s why your tree arrives in a large container with a full, vibrant root system intact. It’s ready to explode with new growth. Plus your tree has been pruned throughout its life, not just when we ship it. Some nurseries advertise a tall height, then cut 1/3 off, in order to save on their shipping cost. You should get what you pay for. That includes a tree that will give you the best and quickest fruit possible, as well as a lifetime of enjoyment.
Your Guava Tree is non-GMO; can easily be grown organically, and has the best flavor and texture available. Order now for fast delivery.
Planting & Care
The guava tree (Psidium guajava ‘Ruby Supreme’) is a tropical tree commonly found in areas like Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Texas and Florida. The deliciously sweet fruit is commonly used in beverages, desserts and smoothies. The fast growing tree can mature to a height of 10 feet tall and roughly 15 feet wide. It can be grown outside in zones 8-11, but it could also be container grown for zones 4-11 and brought indoors when the winter season approaches. If you are lucky enough to live in an area where the tree can be planted outside, be sure to find a spot where the tree will have an ample amount of space. A soil pH range between 5.0-7.0 is ideal.
Choosing a location: Guava is a tropical native tree so be sure to select a spot that has full sun. Drainage is essential so avoid areas where water may pool. To test your location for drainage, you can dig a 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep hole and fill it with water. After an hour, if there is any water retained, you will need to amend your soil with sand and perlite to improve the drainage.
Planting directions (in ground):
1) Make your hole twice as wide as the root ball and just as deep.
2) Carefully place your tree into the hole and hold it straight as you begin to back fill the hole.
3) Tamp down on the soil with your hand as you back fill to prevent any air pockets from forming.
4) Water the planting site to help settle the soil and then spread a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to help conserve moisture and prevent competitive weeds from growing. Wood chips or bark pieces will suffice.
Planting directions (potted): Like goldfish, a guava tree will only grow to as big as the space it’s allotted. The pot will confine the roots allowing you to keep the tree to a smaller more maintainable height.
1) It is not recommended to get a pot much bigger than the one the tree is delivered in. Select a pot that is the same size, or about 2-3 inches larger (at most), than its existing pot.
2) Be sure that there is an adequate amount of drainage holes in the bottom of the pot, drainage is essential to the tree’s survival. You can also line the bottom of your pot with a couple inches of gravel/pebbles to assure proper drainage of the soil.
3) A citrus or an organic potting soil is best for the guava. Regular potting soil can be a bit heavier and therefore retain more moisture. The extra moisture can be harmful to the guava’s roots. Be sure to press down as you fill in the pot with soil to avoid air pockets.
4) Place your tree next to a south facing window to ensure it gets the full sun exposure it needs.
*Tip* The tree will most likely require re-potting once a year.
Watering: Give your guava tree a deep soaking and then hold off on watering again until the top two inches of the soil begins to dry. These trees will like to dry slightly in between waterings. In the hotter seasons you might need to water more frequently but DO NOT overly saturate the soil. Guava (like citrus) hate to have “wet feet” and are susceptible to root rot if left in standing water.
Potted guava also likes to dry slightly in between waterings. If the top 2-3 inches of the soil feels like it’s starting to dry out, add just enough water to where you see it escaping the drainage holes and stop.
Pruning: You can trim your guava tree throughout the year. Using sterilized cutters, remove any low growths that appear near the base of the tree. This will encourage a healthier, stronger trunk making a more stable tree. Prune away any branches that are crossing and dead limbs. Potted guava should not require much pruning but it can be done to maintain a particular shape.
Fertilizing: Guava are semi-heavy feeders and will require fertilizing once every 1-2 months in its younger years. Once the tree becomes more established, it will only need to be fertilized 3-4 times a year. Just before the growing season begins, work a 6-6-6-2 formula into the soil. Guava likes high levels of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash, and magnesium for the best results. Potted guava will benefit from being fed an organic, granular fertilizer every three months.
Fast Growing Trees Fruit Spikes fruit trees tropical fruit plants unusual fruits //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0059/8835/2052/products/Guava-Tree-450w.jpg?v=1549690084 //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0059/8835/2052/products/Guava-Tree-2-450w.jpg?v=1549690084 //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0059/8835/2052/products/Guava-Tree-3-450W.jpg?v=1549690084 13940752515124 1-2 ft. 59.95 59.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752515124 OutOfStock 1-2 ft. 13940752547892 1 Gallon 59.95 59.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752547892 OutOfStock 1 Gallon 13940752580660 3 Gallon 79.95 79.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752580660 OutOfStock 3 Gallon 13940752613428 2-3 ft. 109.95 79.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752613428 OutOfStock 2-3 ft. 13940752646196 3-4 ft. 119.95 119.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752646196 InStock 3-4 ft. 13940752678964 4-5 ft. 129.95 129.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752678964 InStock 4-5 ft. 13940752711732 5-6 ft. 139.95 139.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752711732 OutOfStock 5-6 ft. 13940752744500 6-7 ft. 159.95 159.95 //cdn.shopify.com/s/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/products/ruby-supreme-guava-tree?variant=13940752744500 OutOfStock 6-7 ft.
Guava trees have been around for hundreds and hundreds of years. The Guava has been known to exist as far back as the mid 1500’s. The trees are believed to have originated from Central America. Guava trees are common in all of the tropics today and trees do well in most sub tropical regions. Trees are found growing worldwide in warm regions.
Guavas are considered native trees here in Florida and also a nuisance plant and often people are advised not to plant them. To me this is just plain crazy. I say plant all you can. It is food and that’s good for us and our wildlife as well.
Wildlife actually is the main reason that Guava can become an invasive species. Be sure to plant only the best varieties so that the wildlife can spread out the best of the best! Well all kidding aside here, avoid seed grown varieties and stick to improved cultivars either air layered or from cuttings. Remember a seed may or may not be so great and the time it takes to produce fruit can be several years. On the other hand, cuttings and air layers are producing so quickly they can make your head spin and your mouth water!
Guava trees were introduced to South Florida in the mid 1800’s. By the late 1880’s Guava plantations stretched across almost half the entire southern regions of Florida. Trees also stretched across the West indies, The Bahamas, Jamaica, Cuba and all of the caribbean. Trees can been found in South America, Africa, Australia, Guam, the Pacific Islands and also in Asia. The middle east also provides excellent growing areas.
Florida began commercial production in several areas of the State back in the early 1900’s.
Opa Locka and Punta Gorda were just two important pioneer areas for commercial Guava groves. By 1946 with World War II in full swing, commercial Guava production in Florida grew tremendously.
Did you know that you could grow as much as 600 bushels of Guava per acre of land. Guava trees can be grown organically and actually do much better than trees given synthetic fertilizers. To some, the fact they grow better organically comes as quite a shock. It’s amazing how well they respond to steady organic mulching and applications of composted manures.
Guava trees can become crowded so space them about ten feet apart and keep them around ten foot tall or smaller if planting a commercial grove. For backyard growing just keep your trees around six feet tall and bushy. Guava pests are usually temporary and can be controlled by the use of neem oil and some other organic pesticides. Proper pruning and grove cleanliness is important to prevent and control diseases and pests. Pick up all fallen fruit and prune all dead damaged wood.The guava will not withstand a frost unless in a micro-climate.Guava fruit on tree
Thought to be native to southern regions of Mexico into Central America, guava (Psidium guajava) is a small tropical fruit tree or large shrub, depending on the cultivar and climate, producing an abundance of tasty fruits prized by wildlife and humans. They make attractive landscape additions used as small shade trees, hedges and screens.
Portrait of Guavas
In frost-free climates, guavas grow into lush, densely branched trees covered with stiff, evergreen green leaves that grow up to 6 inches long. With its spreading habit and because the branches grow from the bottom of the trunk to the top, the fruit tree can resemble a giant shrub more than it does a tree, especially when left unpruned to expose its distinctive shedding trunk. Its tendency is to grow as wide as tall and in locations where winters are typically warm; it can obtain a height and width of 30-feet, though smaller sizes are more common. Therefore, consider it requires space to spread, when selecting its permanent location in the landscape.
Guavas reward growers with a bounty of flowers and fruit almost year-round, especially during spring. In fact, it can produce so much fruit you might be at a loss of what to do with it all, though the local wildlife will be more than willing to help eat the succulent delights. The amount of fruit the tree produces increases as the guava matures, with harvests of multiple bushels common.
Flower Description and Habit
When in bloom, guavas are attractive trees covered in small white flowers that have a faint fragrance resembling the smell of the ripe fruits. Each flower center contains a wealth of upright stamens that stand out once the petals drop and it’s common to find blooming plants visited by numerous beneficial pollinators. Because the vast majority of guava flowers are self-pollinating, it’s unnecessary to have two plants for fruit-production. However, having several trees in the landscape or in a nearby vicinity guarantees larger fruits.
Fruit Description and Habit
Guava fruits are ready for harvest several months after flowering, and come in a variety of shapes, depending on the particular cultivar and are pear-shaped, oval, or round. Fruits can be as small as a golf ball or as large as a tennis ball and have a pungent sweet aroma. Taste, skin and flesh color are as varied as the fruit’s shape and size and depending on the cultivar can be sweet or have a sharp taste that is almost sour. Before the fruit ripens, the outer skin is green and hard, though as it reaches maturity it softens to the touch and ranges in colors of greenish-yellow to more of a red. The seedy flesh can be pink to red and yellow or white, depending on the type.
Preferred Growing Conditions
Guavas are hardy and vigorous growing trees that are very adaptable grown in tropical and subtropical climates in USDA zones 9 through 11. It requires little care to flourish, making it a suitable choice for brown-thumb gardeners who desire a low-maintenance tropical fruit tree. In fact, it is so hardy it can have invasive tendencies with seedlings sprouting throughout the landscape from seeds dispersed by local wildlife.
Optimal Soil Conditions
The fruit tree tolerates an array of soil conditions that aren’t salty though it performs best grown in well-drained soils that are fertile. If your soil conditions are sandy and poor (lacking organic matter), amend the area with compost or well-rotted manure before planting. Spread the organic material over the planting area and work into the soil to a depth of approximately 8 to 12 inches.
Guavas flower and produce the most fruit grown in locations that receive full-sun. However, in areas that are hot year-round, the tree performs better grown in a partially sunny location where it receives some shade throughout the day.
Planting a guava tree is basic, and as long as the soil is rich or amended with organic matter, it shouldn’t be long before you have a flourishing fruit tree. By following some simple planting guidelines, the tree will be a healthy landscape addition for years to come.
- Consider the mature height and width of the guava when selecting a planting site. Allow enough space for the tree to reach its mature width without being crowded so it receives proper circulation of air, which cuts down on potential disease and pest problems.
Situate the guava in a southern location close to a structure, if your environment experiences periodic winter frosts, as this is the warmest area in the landscape. The area helps keep the tree warm and protected from the cold since guavas are sensitive to frost and freezes.
Clear the planting site of all grass and weed growth and keep the site weed-free. The unwanted vegetative growth robs the guava of necessary nutrients and moisture
Gently pull clumped or wrapping roots apart and plant the guava at the same depth it is growing in its nursery container. Wrapping roots have a harder time establishing themselves in the planting site.
Apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch over the planting site, making sure not to butt the mulch against the guava’s trunk or rot can occur. The mulch helps the site retain moisture, reduces unwanted weed and grass growth, and adds additional soil nutrients as it break down.
To help the site retain moisture and keep the water in place while the root system establishes itself, create a water ring around the guava. Mound up several inches of soil around the base of the guava and saturate the area with water.
Basic Care Guidelines
Guavas’ continued care is relatively basic and if properly maintained, leads to an abundance of fruits and minimal health problems.
While newly planted trees are establishing themselves, which typically takes several months, water the tree weekly. Once the guava’s root system has established itself into the planting site, the tree is relatively tolerant to drought, though regular water leads to the best flowering and production of fruits. Water established trees every several weeks. Guavas will not tolerate growing in soggy sites that retain too much water, which can lead to root rot.
Guavas produce the best growth and most flowers and fruit when fertilized on a regular monthly basis. After planting, wait until the plant produces new growth before feeding. Use a blend, such as a 21-0-0, and follow label instructions concerning amounts. Spread the fertilizer evenly over the planting site and to the outer edge of the tree’s canopy, making sure not to butt the fertilizer against the guava’s trunk. After applying, water the fertilizer into the soil.
Refreshing the soil around the planting site annually with a fresh layer of compost or well-rotted manure also helps give the guava nutrients. Spread the organic matter over the soil and water in well.
Heavy pruning is not required and is only necessary for shaping or controlling the guava’s size. To create more of a tree form, prune away the bottom branches lining the trunk, trimming flush to the trunk, as well as suckers, trimming them off at ground level. The only pruning required is to remove dead, damaged or branches that are crossing. If the tree suffers damage in winter, always wait until springtime to prune off the damaged branches. To prevent the transfer of disease from your pruning tools, always disinfect the blades by wiping them off with a cloth saturated in alcohol.
Guavas are susceptible to damage due to frost and freezes and require protection, especially while young. Bring container-grown trees into a protected location during the cold-snap. For in-ground trees, water the planting site well before the cold weather hits to keep the root system warm. To protect the foliage and increase warmth, hang Christmas lights over the tree, wrap the foliage with a sheet or canvas and be sure to remove the covering when conditions are sunny or foliage burns can occur.
Dealing With Problems
Although relatively problem-free, in tropical climates that are humid, several pests and diseases can plague the tree making pest and disease control necessary.
Several fungal diseases such as anthracnose and leaf spots can be problematic to guava trees and cause branch dieback, spotted foliage, and affect the fruits. Fungal problems are more common when conditions are wet and warm, but are controllable by using a copper fungicide. Copper fungicides treat a wide range of disease and fungal problems. Follow label instructions on mixing and application rates and make sure to cover the entire guava tree with the fungicide. To help prevent fungal problems before they occur and when a long period of wet conditions are in the forecast, treat the guava with the copper fungicide and reapply every seven days to two weeks.
Reduce disease problems by growing the guava in preferred conditions, keeping it properly fed, but not overfertilized, removing dead debris from the planting site and keeping the area free of weeds. Inspect the tree regularly for signs of a fungal problem and treat as soon as possible.
Pests can be problems for guava trees, especially those grown in humid climates. Providing the tree proper cultural conditions can reduce problems, however, when pest populations are large, gardeners may have to reach for chemical help for control. Many times nature will take care of pest problems through biological controls such as predatory wasps. Inspect the plant regularly for signs of pests so control is possible and before they lead to problems such as leaf drop and destruction of fruits.
Common pests affecting guavas include sap-sucking thrips, scales, mealybugs, and whiteflies, which can also create the fungal problem sooty mold through their secretions of honeydew. Sooty mold leaves a black covering over the plant, but generally isn’t life-threatening. Gardeners can wash the black mold off the plant by spraying the foliage with water or wiping the leaves off with a damp, soapy cloth. Other common guava pests include guava fruit flies and moths, with both pests’ larvae dining on the fruit.
It isn’t necessary to use strong chemical products to control guava pests, as other products that are friendlier to the environment and beneficial pollinators work. Products such as insecticidal soaps and oils, or Bt control pest problems. Follow product instructions for mixing and applying. To prevent foliage damage, don’t apply insecticidal soaps or oils when conditions are sunny or in temperatures above 90°F.
Gardeners have a vast selection of guava cultivars to grow to suit desired taste, fruit color, or habit of growth. Selections are almost endless; just a few options include:
- ‘Weber’ – Sweet flavor with larger fruits
- ‘Detwiler’ – Abundant fruit-producer with larger relatively sweet fruits Example of yellow flesh
Red and Pinkish Flesh
- ‘Red Indian’ – Sweet flavor, small seeds, larger fruits good to eat fresh
- ‘Ruby X’ – Sweet small fruits, bushy habit Example of red/pinkish fleshed fruit
- ‘Apple Colour’ – Sweet flavor, medium-sized fruits good for storing, and heavy fruit producer
- ‘Mexican Cream’ – Sweet small- to medium-sized fruits, low quantity of soft seeds, upright habit Example of white fleshed guava fruit
Taste of the Tropics
Adding a guava tree to your landscape won’t disappoint with its vigorous growth and continuous offerings of fruits. For the best flavor, allow the fruits to remain on the tree until ripe and carefully handpick, as the fruit easily bruises, though unripe fruits will ripen if stored at room temperature. Guava fruits are delicious used fresh, in desserts and jams, or as a way to add tropical flavor to your favorite drink.
All About the Guava Flower
Choosing Guava Varieties
A number of guava varieties are available. Some are named cultivars, others are not. These are among the cultivars that are usually available:
- Guava Ruby Supreme
- Indonesian Seedless
- Indonesian White
- Lucknow 49
- Psidium guajava ‘Nana’ (Dwarf Guava)
- Red Malaysian
- Tikal Guava.
Guava Flower Appearance
Most of the guava cultivated for edible use are Psidium guajava. However, a related plant called the pineapple guava, or Feijoa sellowiana ‘Berg,’ is another common form. Most guavas have pure white, five-petaled flowers with long, multiple central stamens. Pineapple guava has red to pink stamens and white petals spotted with pink and lavender. The stamens of both look like a fountain or fireworks display.
Guava leaves occur in pairs and the flowers are borne at the base of the leaves on wood from the current year’s growth. One to three flowers occur in each leaf node. The flowering period is usually about 20 to 45 days long. The length of bloom is affected by the variety, season and growing region. Fruit appears about 12 days after the tree blooms and takes 90 to 150 days to mature.
Flowers and Pollination
Guavas are usually self-pollinated, although pollination may also occur by insects, primarily the honeybee. Even self-pollinating trees tend to produce more fruit when planted near another guava. A mature tree can set many flowers, of which about 80 to 85 percent actually set fruit. However, due to the normal process of fruit drop, only about 35 percent of the fruits actually mature.
Managing for Flowers and Fruit
Since guava flowers appear on new wood, pruning will not negatively affect and may even stimulate more flower growth. Some growers thin the flowers in order to produce more fruit. Guavas need fertile soil and extra feeding to flower well and produce fruit. Work a 6-6-6-2 fertilizer (the last digit refers to magnesium) around the tree drip line in early spring. Repeat every two months during spring and summer.
Guava Won’t Flower
If your guava won’t flower, the first consideration is maturity. Although some may bloom at two years, three or four is more common. Excessive watering is hard on the tree, which won’t produce flowers if it’s stressed. If you’re growing it in a container, it may be root-bound. A guava that isn’t getting enough sun may also refuse to bloom.
Psidium guajava L.
Guava, guajava, guayaba, jambu biji (Malay), bayabas (Philippino), trapaek sruk (Cambodian), farang, ma-kuai and ma-man (Thai), and oi (Vietnamese) 1
G. pumila (Vahl) Kuntze; G. pyrifera (L.) Kuntze; Myrtus guajava (L.) Kuntze; M. guajava var. pyrifera (L.) Kuntze; Psidium angustifolium Lam.; P. cujavillus Burm.f.; P. cujavus L.; P. fragrans Macfad.; P. guajava var. cujavillum (Burm.f.) Krug & Urb.; P. guajava var. guajava; P. guajava var. minor Mattos; P. guava Griseb.; P. igatemyense Barb.Rodr.; P. igatemyensis Barb. Rodr.; P.intermedium Zipp. ex Blume; P. pomiferum L.; P. pomiferum var. sapidissimum (Jacq.) DC.; P. prostratum O.Berg; P. pumilum Vahl; P. pumilum var. guadalupense DC.; P. pyriferum L.; P. pyriferum var. glabrum Benth.; P. sapidissimum Jacq.; P. vulgare Rich.; Syzygium ellipticum K.Schum. & Lauterb. 7
Cattley (Strawberry) guava (P. cattleianum), Costa Rican Guava (P. freidlichiana), Brazilian guava (P. guineense), feijoa (Feijoa sellowiana), jambolan (Syzygium jambolanum), Malay apple (S. malaccense), Java apple, wax jambu (S. samarangense), water apple (S. aqueum), rose apple (S. jambos), Surinam cherry (Eugenia uniflora), grumichama (E. brasiliensis), pitomba (E. luschnathiana), and jaboticaba (Myciaria cauliflora) 1
Guava is indigenous to the American tropics
Fruit; landscape specimen; hedge
20 ft (6.1 m)
Broad, spreading or upright 1
Arborescent shrub or small tree 3
Very quickly, often three to four feet in a single growing season 6
They live 30 to 40 years but productivity declines after the 15th year 2
Single or multi trunked; smooth, thin, copper-colored bark that flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath; young branchlets are quadrangular 3
Periodic pruning to improve the shape of the tree is recommended 6
Evergreen; large; opposite, oblong; serrated margins; prominent veins on the lower side; 3-7 in. (7.6–18 cm) in length 1
Showy, white; has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower); new growth arising from either lateral buds on older wood or at the ends of shoots 1
Round, ovoid, or pyriform; commonly yellow in color; flesh white to deep pink or salmon-red; numerous small, reniform, hard seeds; flavor sweet, musky 3
Harvested in Florida all year long; main seasons are August-October and February-March
USDA Nutrient Content pdf
Full sun to partial shade
Moist to dry soil
Generally tolerant of windy conditions
Aerosol/soil salt tolerance
Will take some salt spray, but are not recommended for highly exposed locations on seaside or Intracoastal areas 6
27-28 °F (-2.8-2.2 °C)
33 ft (10 m); 16 1/2 ft (5 m) apart is possible if the trees are “hedged” 2
Trees produced by cuttings and air-layering have shallow root systems
There are some deep roots but no distinct taproot 4
Guava has been assessed by the IFAS Invasive Plants Working Group as invasive and not recommended by IFAS for planting in south Florida; guava may be planted in central Florida but should be managed to prevent escape 1
Guava trees are attacked by a number of insect pests including the Caribbean fruit fly, guava whitefly, red-banded thrips, guava fruit moth, and scales 1
P. guajava has insecticidal properties 4
Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape, University of Florida pdf 7 pages
Psidium guajava L., World Agroforestree Database
Tropical Guava, California Rare Fruit Growers
Guava, Fruits of Warm Climates
The guava, Manual Of Tropical And Subtropical Fruits
The guava originated in the American tropics, probably in Central America. It was widely distributed prior to the arrival of the Europeans. 5
The Glorious Guava, history of the guava, Edible South Florida
The common guava is easy to grow and tolerates adverse conditions. The tree is attractive and the patchy bark lends visual interest. It bears prolific quantities of fruit. The aromatic fruit is well regarded throughout the American tropics and beyond. Unfortunately, the guava is a primary host of the Caribbean fruit fly. In addition, it is classified as an invasive exotic. When making planting decisions, the gardener should weigh these two drawbacks against the guava’s many attributes. 5
|Fig. 31||Fig. 32||Fig. 33||Fig. 34|
|Fig. 35||Fig. 36|
Fig. 31. P. guajava (habit). Location: Maui, Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Hawai’i.
Fig. 32. Guava tree at Mounts Botanical Garden Florida
Fig. 33. Common guava seedling, 14 months
Fig. 34. P. guajava (Guava). Trunk and bark at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawai’i.
Fig. 35. P. guajava, seeds wet
Fig. 36. P. guajava, seeds dry
Leaves opposite, simple; stipules absent, petiole short, 3-10 mm long; blade oblong to elliptic, 5-15 x 4-6 cm, apex obtuse to bluntly acuminate, base rounded to subcuneate, margins entire, somewhat thick and leathery, dull grey to yellow-green above, slightly downy below, veins prominent, gland dotted. 4
|Fig. 6||Fig. 7||Fig. 8|
Fig. 7. P. guajava (Guava). Leaves habit. Ki Hana Nursery Kihei, Maui, Hawai’i.
Fig. 8. Leafbud of common guava (P. guajava). Taken at Burdwan, West Bengal, India.
White, about 1 inch (2.54 cm) in diameter, borne singly or in small groups (cymes) in axils of leaves of recent growth. 1
Flowers are produced on branchlets of recent growth, and are an inch broad, white, solitary, or several together upon a slender peduncle. The calyx splits into irregular segments; the four petals are oval, delicate in texture. In the center of the flower is a brush-like cluster of long stamens. 3
One of the most critical botanical characteristics of guava is that flowers are borne on newly emerging lateral shoots, irrespective of the time of year. 4
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Fig. 11. P. guajava or Bayabas in Barangay San Francisco (flower buds)
Fig. 12. Flor de Goiabeira. GOIABA – Guava. (P. guajava) Ceret São Paulo. Brazil and Central America native tree.
Fig. 14. Myrtaceae – Guava (P. guajava)
Fig. 15. P. guajana flower and flower buds
Fig. 16. P. guajana flower habit
A berry with few to many small brown seeds. Fruit shape ranges from round, ovoid to pear-shaped. Fruit weight ranges from 1 ounce to 48 ounces (28 g – 1.4 kg). The peel color ranges from green to yellow and flesh color may be white, yellow, pink or red. Fruit peel thickness may be thin or thick and depends upon cultivar. There is a wide range in flavor and aroma, ranging from sweet to highly acid and strong and penetrating aroma to mild and pleasant. 1
When immature and until a very short time before ripening, the fruit is green, hard, gummy within and very astringent.
Fruits are borne by new shoots from mature wood. If trees bear too heavily, the branches may break. Therefore, thinning is recommended and results in larger fruits. The fruit matures 90 to 150 days after flowering. 2
The white fleshed varieties tend to be slightly more acid than the pink or dark colored
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Fig. 20. A baby guava, in its budding stage
Fig. 21. P. guajava, immature fruit
Fig. 22. P. guajava (Guava). Indonesian white fruit. Pali o Waipio, Maui, Hawai’i.
Fig. 23. P. guajava, mature fruit
Fig. 24. P. guajava (local:Jambu batu) from Indonesia
Fig. 25. ‘Vietnamese’ Pink Guava
Fig. 26. ‘Vietnamese Giant’ Guava (P. guajava/Myrtaceae) tree at the Kampong, Coconut Grove, Florida. Fruits on the tree and on the ground were all infested with fruit flies.
South Florida Harvest, Fresh from Florida image
Guava trees generally begin fruit production 3 to 4 years after planting and yields range from 50 to 80 lbs (23-36 kg) or more per tree per year. In Florida, guava may produce two crops per year; the main crop during summer followed by another smaller crop during early spring. However, through simple pruning techniques fruit may be produced nearly year-round. 1
Self-pollination is possible but cross-pollination by insects results in higher yields. 1
The chief pollinator of guavas is the honeybee (Apis mellifera). The amount of cross-pollination ranges from 25.7 to 41.3%. 2
The pollen is viable for up to 42 hours and the stigmas are receptive for about 2 days. 4
Guava seeds remain viable for many months. They often germinate in 2 to 3 weeks but may take as long as 8 weeks. Pretreatment with sulfuric acid, or boiling for 5 minutes, or soaking for 2 weeks, will hasten germination. Seedlings are transplanted when 2 to 30 in (5-75 cm) high and set out in the field when 1 or 2 years old. Inasmuch as guava trees cannot be depended upon to come true from seed, vegetative propagation is widely practiced. 2
Veneer and cleft grafting and chip budding are more successful on young vigorous seedling rootstocks. Scion material should be from terminal stem growth which is still green and quadrangular. 1
Seedlings may flower within 2 years; clonally propagated trees often begin to bear during the first year after planting. Trees reach full bearing after 5- 8 years, depending on growing conditions and spacing. 4
A Rapid Method of Propagation The Guava, Sub-Tropical Experiment Station, Homestead, Florida pdf 5 pages
In general, guava trees should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit production. Select a part of the landscape away from other trees, buildings and structures, and power lines. Remember guava trees can grow to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height if not pruned to contain their size. Select the warmest area of the landscape that does not flood (or remain wet) after typical summer rainfall events. 1
Guava Growth Progression from Pruning to Harvest, Tropical Fruit Photography Archive
Guava Cultivation, Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Trees will be injured by cold weather and will freeze at about 28 degrees F but will come back from the lower portions once the damaged areas are pruned out. 6
Light pruning is always recommended to develop a strong framework, and suckers should also be eliminated around the base. 2
Trees that are bearing fruit may be kept small (3 to 6 ft high) through continuous selective pruning and tipping or allowed to grow into slightly larger trees (6 to 12 ft). 1
Off-season fruit production
Pruning may be used to induce off-season flowering and fruit production. Guava trees flower on new succulent, vigorous new growth arising from either lateral buds on older wood or at the ends of shoots. A period of 2–3 weeks without watering and then pruning will force new vegetative growth and flowering. Many times withholding water is not necessary. 1
In Florida, young guava trees should be fertilized every 1 to 2 months during the first year.
Fertilizer mixtures containing 6 to 10% nitrogen, 6 to 10% available phosphoric acid, 6 to 10% potash, and 4 to 6% magnesium give satisfactory results with young trees. For bearing trees potash should be increased to 9 to 15% and available phosphoric acid reduced to 2 to 4%. Examples of commonly available fertilizer mixes include 6-6-6-2 and 8-3-9-2 . 1
From spring though summer, trees should receive 3 to 4 annual nutritional sprays of copper, zinc, manganese, and boron. 1
Once guava trees are 2 or more years old irrigation will be beneficial to plant growth and crop yields during prolonged dry periods. The period from bloom and through fruit development is important and drought stress should be avoided at this time with periodic watering. 1
Guava Pests and Beneficial Insects, University of Florida pdf 7 pages
Some nutritional problems, particularly a lack of minor elements, often occur on highly alkaline soils and trees benefit from periodic applications of nutritional sprays. 6
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Fig. 37. Potassium deficiency: guava
Fig. 38. Guava: Rat feeding injury
Fig. 39. Guava: Bird feeding injury to fruit
Fig. 40. Guava (P. guajava): Bird feeding injury to fruit
Raw guavas are eaten out-of-hand, but are preferred seeded and served sliced as dessert or in salads. More commonly, the fruit is cooked and cooking eliminates the strong odor. Bars of thick, rich guava paste and guava cheese are staple sweets, and guava jelly is almost universally marketed. It is made into syrup for use on waffles, ice cream, puddings and in milkshakes. Guava juice and nectar are among the numerous popular canned or bottled fruit beverages of the Caribbean area. There are innumerable recipes for utilizing guavas in pies, cakes, puddings, sauce, ice cream, jam, butter, marmalade, chutney, relish, catsup, and other products. 2
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Fig. 41. Seared foie gras inside a guava pastelito, topped with PG Tropicals’ Redland guava
marmalade and guava jelly from Homestead, Florida at La Fresa Francesa in Hialeah, Florida
Fig. 42. Guava macarons, Mililani, Hawaii, United States
Fig. 43. Guava ice cream made with Redland guava from Homestead, Florida in Miami’s Little Havana at Azucar Ice Cream Co.
Fig. 44. Canapes “Timbitas” prepared with cream cheese and Redland guava from Homestead, Florida for Burger Beast’ 7 Year Blogiversary at Palomilla Grill in Miami, Florida
Fig. 45. Turnover pastries “Pastelitos” prepared by Pastelito Papi, made with Redland Guava from Homestead, Florida
Fig. 46. Beverage factory “Casa Garay”, city and province of Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Guayabita literally means ‘little guava’.
Guava Recipes, Edible South Florida
The Queen of All Pudding, Native Fuel: Key West Edition
Recipes, Tropical Fruit Growers of South Florida ext. link
South Florida Tropicals: Guava, University of Florida pdf
The roots, bark, leaves and immature fruits, because of their astringency, are commonly employed to halt gastroenteritis, diarrhea and dysentery, throughout the tropics. Crushed leaves are applied on wounds, ulcers and rheumatic places, and leaves are chewed to relieve toothache. The leaf decoction is taken as a remedy for coughs, throat and chest ailments, gargled to relieve oral ulcers and inflamed gums; and also taken as an emmenagogue and vermifuge, and treatment for leucorrhea. It has been effective in halting vomiting and diarrhea in cholera patients. It is also applied on skin diseases. A decoction of the new shoots is taken as a febrifuge. The leaf infusion is prescribed in India in cerebral ailments, nephritis and cachexia. An extract is given in epilepsy and chorea and a tincture is rubbed on the spine of children in convulsions. A combined decoction of leaves and bark is given to expel the placenta after childbirth. 2
The leaves and bark are rich in tannin (10% in the leaves on a dry weight basis, 11-30% in the bark). The bark is used in Central America for tanning hides. Malayans use the leaves with other plant materials to make a black dye for silk. In southeast Asia, the leaves are employed to give a black color to cotton; and in Indonesia, they serve to dye matting. 2
From the Greek psidion (pomegranate), due to a fancied resemblance between the two
does not support this
Guava, Tropical Fruit Growers of South Florida 8
Guava, Psidium guajava, Fruitipedia
Cost Estimates of Producing Pink Guava (Psidium guajava L.) in South Florida, University of Florida pdf 6 pages
Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Thai Guavas in Florida, 2014, University of Florida pdf 7 pages
Video, How to Prune a Guava Tree, Papaya Tree Nursery ext. link
Guava, Tropical Fruit News, RFCI
Guava Botanical Art
List of Growers and Vendors