When to repot anthurium?

How to Grow Anthurium Plants | Growing Anthuriums in pots | Flamingo flower

Anthurium Plants (Flamingo flower)

How to Grow Anthurium Plants, Growing Anthuriums in pots, Flamingo flower care and more about this plant. Anthurium is a tropical plant and is native to Central and South America. Flamingo is a genus of over 1000 species of plant. Anthurium is also known by the name of the painted tongue, flamingo flower, and tail flower.

Anthium flowers

Anthium is very popular for its brightly colored flowers and their decorative leaves. It is originally a tropical perennial plant coming to Mexico, it contains large heart-shaped flowers and bright dark green leaves. With proper care, these plants can bloom throughout the year. These flowers are white, pink, red, cream or green color which can last for about 8 weeks after blooming. This plant blooms constantly in good conditions. This is a very beautiful houseplant and cut flower.

Anthurium plants Overview

Scientific name Anthurium spp.

Common name Tail flowers, Anthurium, Flamingo flower

Sun required Bright, indirect Sun

Soil Well-drained Rich soil

Soil pH 5.5-6.5

Flower colors White, Red, Pink, or green

Blooming time Throughout the year

Zone 10-12

How to grow Anthurium Flowers

Soil and Location

These plants prefer loose potting soil (an equal part of perlite, peat moss, pine bark ) and compost-rich soil. For this, the soil has moisture but not soggy. This plant also produces aerial roots, for which to use the mist. These plants grow very well in bright, indirect light. Anthurium plants do not like to be exposed to direct sunlight, but you can keep them out in the winter season. If the light is insufficient then these plants produce fewer flowers and become thin and struggle because their leaves are drawn towards the light. Read more.

Propagation

The propagation of flamingo flower plants can be done very easily using offset and new stems.

Temperature

Anthurium plants grow very well at temperatures of 60 F or higher, and foliage varieties prefer warm temperatures. If the temperature falls below it, the plant will be damaged.

Watering

Anthurium plants like moisture, so give the water well and give your plant two or three inches of water, and repeat the water after drying soil. Do not allow the soil soggy, because its leaves become yellow in the over-watering and the root of the plant is susceptible to rot.

Fertilizing

Flamingo flower plants do not require too much fertilizer to care. For spring and summer, use a small amount of nitrogen-rich balanced fertilizer once a month. To encourage good blossom, use high-phosphorus containing fertilizer. In every three to four months, In every three to four months, once fertilizing with 1/3 – 1/4 strength of fertilizer.

Growing Anthurium in the pot

Growing Anthurium in the pot

  • It is very easy to put the anthurium plant in a pot. For this, choose a little larger container from the plant.
  • Fill your pot 1/3 with the prepared potting mix and keep the plant at the top. After planting, fill the pot with an additional potting mixture. Usually, its roots grow above the potting material, at this time you can transplant your plant in a large pot.
  • Before transplanting, check the drainage hole on the surface of the pot. For this, you place pebbles or broken clay pot on the surface of the container. This will help in better drainage from the pot.
  • Now place your pot in a warm place with indirect sun. Flamingo flower plants grow well at temperatures between 27-32 ° C. If the temperature is high then keep your plant inside the house it will survive, but the warm is good.
  • Avoid direct sunlight, it can burn the plant. Place the plant in a bright place to encourage blossoming. The south-east window is a good choice.
    Anthurium plants prefer moist, tropical environments, so keep the air moist and keep the room’s humidity more than 80%. If the climate is dry then mist the plant regularly.
  • Water the soil to keep moist but do not soggy. The soil dries very quickly in the pot, so give the required quantity of water. Give water to the soil regularly or drink more water every two or three days in warmer days.
  • If your plant is like a vine then you can use a stake or other wood object when needed.
    Feed your plant carefully, the new anthurium plant does not require fertilizer for a few months. But to encourage vivid colors and growth, give slow release 3: 1: 2 fertilizer, according to the instructions, dilute it with 1/4 recommended strength before application. Read more.

Anthurium care

  • Grow these plants where the temperature is between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Humidity is necessary for the plant to grow well. The higher the level of humidity, the better it will be.
  • the flamingo plant should not be planted at depth of more than 5 cm, because the plant’s stems and roots rot due to the deep plantation.
  • To support after planting, stake it with wood.
  • These plants require mulching, roots of anthurium plant grow in mulch and spread.
  • Remove dead flowers and unsightly leaves or any kind of brown leaves. This keeps the plant healthy and clean and produces new flowers. Read more.

Varieties of anthurium

There are many types of flamingo flower, but the great varieties outside the greenhouse and the gardens are rarely found.

Andreanum

The leaves of Andreanum are heart-shaped and grow to a height of about 1 foot, with flowers of red, white, pink and variegated colors.

Scherzerianum

Its leaves are Arrow-shaped and curling orange flowers are there.

Crystallinum

Its leaves are dark green and velvety, with white ribs, and develops about 2 feet.

Faustinomirandae

It is a monster-sized plant; its leaves are cardboard-stiff. It is about 5 feet long.

Pests and disease

Anthurium plants are heavily affected by infection with aphids, thrips, and mealy bugs. These insects prefer new growth of the plant and the leaves. Due to the mealybug, you get white crusted patches. These plants prefer moisture and mist is recommended to maintain moisture, but if the plant is not properly watered or become careless then excess water can be damaged your plants. More water can cause fungus and mold.

Read also: How to grow Crossandra flowers. Cantaloupe s growing in containers. How to grow and care Hoya plants. Growing and caring Jade plants. Houseplants care easy tips. Growing Onion in containers. Peppercorns plant growing and caring guide. Spring Onion growing and caring tips. Lily growing in containers. Planting corms, rhizomes, and tubers. Impatiens growing and caring guide.

Happy Gardening

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Anthurium Care Instructions

Anthurium

Also called the Flaming Flower, the Anthurium a popular indoor plant due to its ease of care. These houseplants produce beautiful, long-lasting flowers throughout the year. The waxy heart-shaped ‘flowers’ are actually modified leaves. Anthurium ‘flowers’ come in red, pink, pale yellow, white, salmon and even black! As the flowers die or fade, remove them from the plant immediately.

Native to tropical rainforests throughout central and South America, many Anthuriums are climbers in their natural settings. They love warmth and humidity.

Keep the leaves clean and glossy by wiping them with a damp cloth to keep them dust free.

NOTE: These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children.

Common Symptoms

  • Few flowers, thin straggling leaves are a result of too little light. You may also notice that the leaves are becoming thin as the ‘stretch’ towards the light. Place your plant in an area that gets brighter or longer light hours.
  • Yellow leaf tips/Brown leaf tips: Yellow leaf tips are caused by over-watering the Anthurium, while brown leaf tips are caused by under-watering. Examine your watering schedule, light and warmth conditions and adjust accordingly.Overwatering will also cause root rot.
  • Diseases: Fungal and bacterial plant diseases are a problem for these houseplants due to the high humidity and warmth that they love. Try to keep water off the leaves and provide the plant with good air circulation.
  • Pests: The Anthurium is susceptible to a number of pests such as the Mealy bug, Scale, Aphids and Thrip. The new tender growth is especially vulnerable.

Care Instructions

  • Origin: Central and South America
  • Height: Grows up to 4 – 5m. Tall flowers may need staking to keep them upright.
  • Light: Anthuriums like as much bright indirect light as they can get. They will tolerate almost all levels of indirect light, however, the plant will grow slower and produce fewer flowers in low light. Always keep out of direct sun.
  • Water: Water the Anthurium well and then allow the top 2-6cm of soil to dry out before watering again.
  • Humidity: The higher the humidity, the happier the Anthurium!
  • Temperature: Anthurium plants prefer indoor temperatures to be warm at 22-28°C and about 10°Ccooler at night.
  • Soil: Use arich potting soil that contains some mulch and sphagnum moss. The soil needs to be fast-draining.
  • Fertilizer: Use a balanced fertilizer diluted by 1/3-1/4 and feed the plant monthly during the spring and summer when the plant is actively growing.
  • Resting period: Give your plant a 6-week resting period during the winter. During this time let your plant sit in lower temperatures, less light and drier soil to encourage your plant to produce more flowers in the spring and summer months.
  • Repotting: Repot annually as needed. The Anthurium plant doesn’t mind being a little root bound, so only repot if necessary. Repot in spring and choose a pot that is one size or about 5cm bigger. Set the plant high so the crown of the plant sits above the soil line.
  • Pruning: Prune faded or dead flowers as soon as they appear.
  • Propagation(Division): Divide crowded clumps when re-potting the plant. New plants should bloom in about a year.

If in stock, shop for Anthurium here.

The 6 Biggest Anthurium Care Mistakes (And How to Avoid Them)

It’s hard to believe the world’s longest blooming plant is also one of the easiest plants to take care of — but it’s true! However, even the simplest care routine has room for error. And being aware of common care mistakes is the best way to avoid them and keep your plant healthy.

Here are the six biggest anthurium care mistakes and how to prevent them.

Overwatering

Perhaps the most common anthurium care mistake is overwatering. Your anthurium will do best when the soil has a chance to dry out in between waterings. Too much or too frequent watering can lead to root rot, which could severely affect the long-term health of your plant. For best results, water your anthurium with just six ice cubes once a week.

Underwatering

However, on the other end of the spectrum, it’s also important to make sure your anthurium is getting enough water and not completely drying out. If this happens, you may need to soak the rootball for full rehydration. Luckily, if you’re sticking to your once-a-week watering schedule, underwatering shouldn’t be a problem.

Pests

While pests tend to be a much more substantial problem for outdoor anthuriums, your indoor plant does face some pest infestation risks. Since anthuriums have such thick leaves, they don’t generally attract chewing pests; rather, they are more likely to be bothered by sucking insects that feed on plant sap. While the best thing you can do is to keep a close eye on your plant so any potential infestations are caught early, wiping down the leaves with a Pyrethrin-based insecticide or using a horticultural soap or oil spray can help control the problem.

Sunburnt Leaves

Yes, it’s true: your anthurium can get sunburned. That’s why it’s best to keep your plant in a bright room, but avoid placing it in direct sunlight. If you notice your plant may be getting too much sun, move it to a better location immediately.

Low Temperature and Humidity

Since anthuriums are tropical plants, they grow best in rooms with temperatures higher than 55 degrees (though, ideally between 70 and 90 degrees) and with at least 80 percent humidity. Because of this, many people showcase anthuriums in their bathroom décor. However, if you want to display your anthurium elsewhere in your home and are concerned about low humidity, you can also occasionally run a humidifier to help.

Failing to Repot

Your anthurium will likely need to be repotted every two to three years. Failing to do this when your plant needs it could stunt the growth and negatively affect the overall health. Keep a close eye on your plant and look for signs it has outgrown its current pot, such as roots growing through the drainage holes or circling the surface of the potting mixture.

With these six anthurium care mistakes in mind, you can avoid the biggest potential health risks to your plant and enjoy its long-lasting beauty for years to come.

For more tips on proper anthurium care, .

Anthurium Plant Care: Learn About Repotting Anthuriums

Anthurium is a delightful tropical plant with glossy foliage and bright, heart-shaped blooms. Anthurium plant care is relatively straightforward and repotting anthurium plants is a task that should be done only when required. Read on for the whens and hows of repotting anthuriums.

Best time for Repotting Anthurium Plants

So when is the best time for repotting an anthurium plant? A rootbound anthurium should be repotted as soon as possible. If you aren’t sure if the plant is rootbound, look for the following clues:

  • Roots circling around the surface of the potting mix
  • Roots growing through the drainage hole
  • Wilting foliage, even after watering
  • Water runs straight through drainage hole
  • Bent or cracked container

If your anthurium shows signs that it’s severely rootbound, don’t wait to repot, as you may lose the plant. However, if your plant is just beginning to look crowded, it’s preferable to wait until new growth emerges in spring.

How to Repot Anthuriums

Prepare a pot one size larger than the current pot. As a general rule, the diameter of the new container should be no more than an inch or two larger.

Cover the drainage hole with a small piece of mesh, a paper towel or a coffee filter to keep potting soil from escaping through the hole.

Water the anthurium well a few hours before repotting; a moist rootball is easier to repot and much healthier for the plant.

Try to use a potting soil similar to the plant’s current potting mix. Anthurium requires a very light, loose medium with a pH around 6.5. If in doubt, use a mixture such as two parts orchid mix, one part peat and one part perlite, or equal parts peat, pine bark and perlite.

Place fresh potting soil in the new container, using just enough to bring the top of the anthurium’s rootball to about an inch or less below the rim of the container. Once repotted, the plant should sit at the same soil level it was situated in the original pot.

Slide the anthurium carefully from its current pot. Tease the compacted rootball gently with your fingers to release the roots.

Place the anthurium in the pot, then fill in around the root ball with potting soil. Firm the potting soil lightly with your fingers.

Water lightly to settle the soil, and then add a little more potting soil, if needed. Again, it’s important to situate the top of the anthurium’s root ball at the same level as its old pot. Planting the crown of the plant too deeply may cause the plant to rot.

Place the plant in a shady area for a couple of days. Don’t worry if the plant looks a little worse for wear the first few days. Slight wilting frequently occurs when repotting anthuriums.

Withhold fertilizer for a couple of months after repotting an anthurium to give the plant time to settle into its new pot.

These anthurium care and growing tips will help you out. This may not be the easiest houseplant out there, but it’s well worth it.

I first saw a picture of an anthurium in a magazine when I was in my teens (many moons ago way before the internet took over our lives!) and had never seen anything like it before. A few years later, when living in New York City, I walked into a bank and there was a huge flower arrangement full of them. I touched one of the waxy blooms and was in floral heaven. Now the plants are sold in the houseplant trade but they can be a bit tricky to grow indoors.

They grow outdoors in places with high humidity and mild winters like Hawaii, Florida, and in the tropical rainforests of South America and the Caribbean. There are many species and varieties of Anthuriums and these care tips apply to them all. The one I’ve seen commonly sold as a houseplant is the Anthurium andraeanum. That’s the one I have.

If you’re growing your anthurium as temporary color (the flowers last about 6 weeks), like some people do orchids and bromeliads, then you can skip this. They won’t be tricky to keep alive for a couple of months.

Anthurium Care as Indoor Houseplants

I prefer to keep them as long-lasting houseplants because I love the foliage as much as the flowers. Here’s what I’ve learned about growing them over the past 20 years.

A couple of anthuriums add a vivid pop of color to a tropical display at Island View Nursery.

Growth Rate

Anthuriums are slow to moderate growers. If the conditions are to their liking, they’ll grow faster. When light levels are too low, the growth rate will be slow to none. It’s almost summer as I’m writing this & mine is putting out a lot of new growth at the base.

Uses

Smaller ones (4″ pot size) are often used in dish gardens.
The most common use for anthuriums is as a blooming tabletop plant.

Close Relatives

I’m adding these in for fun because I also have them growing in my home. They’re in the same plant family as the anthurium & are popular houseplants: pothos, monstera (care post coming on this plant soon), arrowhead plant & peace lily. Another common name for the anthurium besides Flamingo Flower is Red Peace Lily.

Anthurium Care and Growing Tips:

Exposure

They prefer moderate or medium light & need this exposure to bloom. Near but not in a window is good. If the light is low, your plant will show little if any growth & there won’t be any flowering.

Anthuriums are epiphytic just like orchids & bromeliads. They grow under the cover of other plants. If the light is too strong (like a hot, west exposure close to a window) , your plant will burn.

Mine grows on a tea cart in my hall about 10′ east facing the front door. I’ve had the door open for most of the spring giving my plant the light it loves. Now the temps. have reached 100F here in Tucson & the door’s only open 1st thing in the morning. I’ll move this plant to my bright kitchen very soon & then again when the temps. go down from mid-Dec. through February & the door is closed.

You too may have to move your anthurium as the light changes.

Those distinct red flowers are quite the sight en mass.

Mine gets watered once a week at the moment. I take it to my kitchen sink for the watering & spray the foliage too. Just like a brief tropical rain!

The weather is really heating up here in Tucson so I’ll start to water mine every 5 days through August. In winter I water it every 10-14 days depending on the temps & light levels.

Your anthurium might need more or less – this guide to watering indoor plants & houseplant watering 101 post will help you out. Basically, the more light & warmth, the more often yours will need watering.

1 thing: back off on the frequency in the winter. Plants need to rest at this time of year plus the light levels & temps tend to be lower. Even though this plant doesn’t like to dry out, it doesn’t like to stay sopping wet or sit in a saucer of water.

Because they’re epiphytes, don’t keep your anthurium constantly wet. They’re subject to root rot. I let mine almost completely dry out before watering it again. Another thing to watch out for is moisture on the leaves. Mine dry out fast here but fungus on the foliage can be an issue.

If you like your flower colors to be on the earthy & muted side, then these might fit the bill. I saw them at Home Depot the other day along with a lot of red anthuriums. Yes, even Home Depot is carrying them!

If your home is comfortable for you, it’ll be so for your houseplants too. Anthuriums like it on the warmer side in the growing months & cooler in the winter when it’s their rest time. Just be sure to keep them away from any cold drafts as well as air conditioning or heating vents.

Humidity

Anthuriums love it! They’re native to the rainforest regions after all. If the leaves of yours are showing tiny brown tips, that’s a reaction to the dry air in our homes. Here in hot dry Tucson, some of the leaves on mine have teeny brown tips but you have to look close to see them.

I have a large, deep kitchen sink with a faucet water filter. As I said, every time I water my anthurium I take it to the sink, spray the foliage & leave it in there for an hour or so to temporarily up the ante on the humidity factor. I avoid spraying the flowers; just the foliage.

I have a small glass behind my anthurium which I keep filled with water along with a diffuser which I run a few hours a day. This seems to work for mine here in the dry desert.

If you think yours look stressed due to lack of humidity, fill the saucer with pebbles & water. Put the plant on the pebbles but make sure the drain holes &/or the bottom of the pot isn’t submerged in water. Misting a few times a week should help out too.

You can see a couple more anthurium colors here – even oxblood red.

Fertilizer/Feeding

I give most of my houseplants a light application of worm compost with a light layer of compost over that every spring. Easy does it – 1/4 to 1/2″ layer of each for a larger sized houseplant. With anthuriums, I just use the compost. Read about my worm compost/compost feeding right here.

Because anthuriums flower every year, I give mine a watering with Eleanor’s vf-11 once a month March through October. We have a long growing season here.

Anthuriums like phosphorous. It’s good for the roots & flowers of a plant as well as the overall growth & health. The letters on a bottle or box of fertilizer are N-P-K. Phosphorous is the middle number so it’s best to have that be the highest number when it comes to anthuriums. The formulation of Eleanor’s VF-11 is .15-.85-.55.

You don’t want to fertilize houseplants in late fall or winter because that’s their time for rest.

Don’t over fertilize your anthuriums because salts build up & can burn the roots of the plant. This will show up as brown spots on the leaves. Avoid fertilizing a houseplant which is stressed, ie. bone dry or soaking wet.

The anthuriums sure are the stars of the show in these mixed dish garden plantings!

Soil

Anthuriums prefer a mix suited for epiphytes. Something which is coarse, porous & rich.

Mine is currently growing in sphagnum moss. When I repot it, I’ll use 1/3 moss, 1/3 coco coir & 1/3 of my DIY succulent & cactus mix with a sprinkling of compost.

Alternative mixes would be: 1/2 peat moss or coco coir & 1/2 orchid bark; cymbidium orchid mix.

Repotting/Transplanting

This is best done in spring or summer; early fall is fine if you’re in a warm climate. The faster your plant is growing, the sooner it’ll need repotting.

Repotting your anthurium every 2-4 years will be fine. I go up 1 pot size.

This is 1 houseplant which I’ve never propagated. I heard it can be done by division, cuttings & seeds. Some growers use a method called tissue culture.

This plant in the Los Angeles Flower District sure had a lot of flowers on it.

Pruning

Not much is needed. The main reasons to prune your anthurium are to take off the occasional yellow leaf or the spent flowers.

Just make sure your pruners are clean & sharp before you do any pruning.

Mine have never gotten any. They can be susceptible to mealybugs, especially deep inside the new growth. These white, cotton-like pests like to hang out in the nodes & under the leaves. I simply blast them off (lightly!) in the kitchen sink with the spray & that does the trick.

Also, keep your eye out for scale & aphids. It’s best to take action as soon as you see any pest because of multiply like crazy. Pests can travel from houseplant to houseplant fast so make you get them under control pronto.

Pet Safety

Anthuriums are considered to be toxic. I consult the ASPCA website for my info on this subject & see in what way the plant is toxic. Here’s more info on this for you.

Most houseplants are toxic to pets in some way & I want to share my thoughts with you regarding this topic.

Cleaning the Foliage

Oh yes, plants breath through their leaves & like to have them be clean. Plus, they’ll look much better!

Both anthurium flowers and foliage are naturally shiny & don’t need any kind of leaf shine. It blocks their pores & hinders the respiration process.

I cleaned mine right before this post & video so it was nice & pretty for you. I sprayed diluted Mrs Meyer’s Soap (which I use for cleaning) onto a wet, soft cloth & wiped each leaf. It brings out the natural shine of this plant. I do the cleaning twice a year or as needed. Any mild, natural liquid soap (like Dr. Bronner’s) will also be fine to use.

The flowers of my anthurium close up. The ones on the left & in the middle are newer whereas the 1 on the right is older. You can see the spadix (see below) is turning green & the spathe is losing its red color.

Flowers

Oh yes, we all love those long-lasting flowers! Each 1 lasts up to 6-7 weeks, depending on how warm & bright your home is. Not all the flowers open at once so you’ll get a nice long bloom time.

Most anthuriums sold as houseplants have red flowers. Different species & varieties also come in white, purple, pink & bi-colors like pink/green & red/green.

The reds part is the spathe & the flowers are tiny & found on the spadix. Technicalities aside, the whole thing is called the flower.

Mine started to set blooms at the end of winter & is still in bloom in mid-June. It has 5 open flowers on it, 2 of which are freshly open.

When the spadix starts turning green, the flower is starting its decline. I always leave them on until they start turning brown & look bad.

Where to deadhead an anthurium flower: go all the way down the stem until you’re at the base of the plant. Cut at that point to remove the whole thing.

4 Reasons Your Anthurium May Not be Doing Well:

You’re keeping it too wet.

It’s not getting enough light.

You have it planted in the wrong soil mix.

There’s not enough humidity.

Speaking again of humidity, anthuriums prefer it above 50-60%. I used to grow them when I lived in San Francisco and bought them at the San Francisco Flower Mart. The humidity in that city averages 60-75%. I now live in Tucson where the humidity falls between 20-30%. That’s why I have to up the ante on the humidity factor here!

Anthuriums aren’t the easiest care houseplant but are well worth a little extra effort. The heart-shaped foliage is gorgeous and the flowers are the big draw. Why not give 1 a try? Here’s an online source if you can’t find an anthurium locally.

Happy gardening,

Did you enjoy our Anthurium care tips? Be sure to check out these other plant care guides!

Chinese Evergreen Care and Growing Tips

Peace Lily Care (Spathiphyllum) & Growing Tips

Rubber Plant: Growing Tips for this Easy Care Indoor Tree

7 Easy Care Floor Plants For Beginning Houseplant Gardeners

7 Easy Tabletop & Hanging Plants For Beginning Houseplant Gardeners

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