When to prune weigela?

Trimming Weigela – Tips For Pruning Weigela Bushes

Weigela is an excellent spring-blooming shrub that can add flair and color to your spring garden. Pruning weigelas helps keep them looking healthy and beautiful. But it can be a little confusing when trying to figure out how and when to trim weigela shrubs. Keep reading to learn more about how to prune weigela shrubs.

When to Trim Weigela

It is best to prune weigela shrubs in the late spring after they have finished blooming. Trimming weigela bushes right after they bloom will keep you from inadvertently pruning off next year’s flowers.

This is because weigela bloom on wood that it is a year old. The wood that grows this year will bloom next year. Pruning weigelas after blooming means that you will pruning before the blooming wood has a chance to grow.

Trimming Weigela to Control Size

It is common to prune weigela bushes in order to keep them a certain size. With this method of pruning weigela bushes, get a mental picture of how you would like the weigela to look like when you are done. Then, you can trim off branches as needed to create that shape.

You can cut back any one branch of the weigela by one-third each season if you are looking to control size. Also, make sure that when you prune weigela branches that you cut them back to a point where two branches meet.

When trimming weigelas, you can use either hand trimmers or hedge clippers. But, be aware that weigelas trimmed with hedge clippers will not be as full as those that are hand pruned.

Pruning Weigelas for Rejuvenation

Weigelas look best if they are mostly made up of young wood. This means that it is a good idea to remove old wood every few years. This process is called rejuvenation. If you are pruning weigela bushes for rejuvenation, find the branches of the bush that are old and woody. Typically, you are looking for branches 1 ½ inches thick or bigger. Trim these older branches out from their base on the weigela plant.

When doing rejuvenation, do not trim more than one-third of the branches out from the bush. If the weigela bush is made up of more than one-third of these older, thicker branches, then only remove one-third of the weigela shrub and plan on repeating the process next year.

How to Prune Weigela Shrubs for Renovation

Occasionally, you may come across a weigela bush that has not been cared for or pruned and is in poor shape. This will be a weigela that is made up almost entirely of branches that are more than 1 inch thick and has very little blooms in the spring. You may need to take drastic measures to bring the plant back. In this case, you can try trimming the weigela back to the ground. Remove all branches to about 4 inches above the soil line.

If you do this kind of drastic pruning, it may take the weigela a year before it starts to bloom again.

How to Prune a Weigela

Weigela are fast-growing flowering shrubs with trumpet blooms that attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. Pruning at the right time, in the right way, and for the right purposes can enhance your weigela’s strength, health, and flowering abundance. Follow these tips to prune your weigela successfully and meet your long-term goals for its growth.

Step 1 – Use the Pruning Shears Correctly

Never use electric hedge trimmers on weigela, as this will leave a wide swath of open wounds on stems and canes where mold-based diseases can invade the plant. Trim canes, twigs and branches by hand, one at a time. Always cut above a flower bud or a shoot where a new twig will appear. Make an angled downward cut on the twig or cane to prevent crushing the twig. This will damage the twig and take a whole season to heal. Sharpen the shears yearly after each pruning.

Step 2 – Prune to Promote Flowering

In the summer, prune all of the weigela tips with flowers back by about 2/5 of their length. This will promote new growth and more flower buds for next spring. The flowers grow out of stems and canes that developed in the previous year. Avoid spring pruning, as you will lop off flower buds before they can bloom.

Step 3 – Prune to Maintain Shape and Desirable Growth

At the same time, look over your weigela shrubs as a whole. If they have become unruly and leggy, trim back the undesired growth, to maintain a cultivated appearance. Weigela that look as though they have run wild do not suit a garden. However, do not use hedge clippers for shaping plants such as weigela into a topiary shape. This will restrict their growth and blooming. Check for branches and canes that are crossing each other and thin these out. Weigelas need airflow and sunlight at the core to maintain the strength to keep producing leaves and flowers. As well, look for any branches near the roots that are spreading horizontally along the ground. Prune these right back to where they extend from the root. They can serve as vectors for fungi that will attack the roots.

Regenerative pruning will also help your weigela grow stronger. Cutting back about one in every three main canes will encourage new growth. In subsequent years, these new twigs and branches will increase in diameter, becoming as strong as the stems that were pruned. Do regenerative pruning about every three years.

Step 4 – Prune to Remove Dead and Diseased Branches and Canes

Inspect your weigela regularly for dead and diseased canes and branches. These are an ideal medium for the growth of fungi. Diseases such as twig blight can spread rapidly from the tips unless recognized and eliminated early. With very sharp pruning shears, cut below diseased limbs, but above flower buds and leaf stems. Disinfect the shears between each snip with hydrogen peroxide or rubbing alcohol. Chlorine bleach can corrode the steel blades of your shears.

Effective pruning of weigela in the late summer will help it overwinter, prevent disease, and encourage masses of colorful blooms.

Pruning Weigela – How to prune Weigela: Advice and Information 

Pruning Weigela is necessary if you want to keep the shrub in good condition with plenty of good sized flowers and healthy fresh foliage.

How and when to prune your Weigela – Weigella – Weigelia!

Weigela should be pruned immediately after flowering in early summer. As with many shrubs that flower at this time of year, they produce flowers on wood made in the previous season (year). If you prune your Weigela late in the year, then it will not have time in to grow mature wood for flowering next summer. If you prune your Weigela early in the year (before it flowers) then you will be cutting off the flower buds that developed last year, and there will be no flowers on it until the following year.

As soon as your Weigela has finished flowering, prune out all of the flowered stems by about one third of their length. This pruning will then prompt the Weigela to produce fine new shoots which will mature through the summer and produce plenty of flower buds for the next year.

At this time, it is also a good idea to carry out some regeneration pruning. This is done by pruning back hard, around one in every three main stems – right down to near ground level. New shoots will soon develop and grow to normal size – providing a good framework of healthy stems for future years. In subsequent years, again prune out around a third of all the older stems.

This pruning regime will apply to all of the popular varieties of Weigela including Weigela Abel Carriére. W. Bristol Ruby and Bristol Snowflake, Weigela Eva Rathke, W. florida types Foliis Purpureis (purpurea) W. florida Variegata, W. Looymansii Aurea, and all the other weigelas that flower early – Mid summer.

  • Growing Weigela
  • Back to A-Z of Pruning Shrubs
  • 1 in 3 Rejuvenation Pruning

Fine Wine® Weigela

  • USDA Hardiness Zones 4-8
  • Height 2-3 Feet Tall
  • Spread 2-3 Feet Wide
  • Light Requirement is Full Sun

Dark, striking foliage that provides all-season color makes Fine Wine Weigela (Weigela florida ‘Bramwell’) one of the showiest plants in your landscape. The plant’s pink-colored, slender flowers appear in spring and will bloom again with only a slight shearing after the first rush of bloom. Even when the flowers fade, the wine-colored foliage remains until winter and then reappears each spring. Fine Weigela is a perfect complement to so many plants, especially those with light green or gray foliage, in borders or mass plantings.

Fine Wine Weigela also takes a thriller spot in container groupings. With a height and spread of 2 to 3 feet, this weigela shrub can stand alone, as a backdrop or centerpiece in a mixed planter, or in its own container behind one filled with seasonal annuals. The dark purple foliage also stands out beautifully when you plant your weigela in front of light-colored fences or walls. The pink blooms should appear all spring and can reappear in summer with a light prune immediately after the first flowers fade, and the shrub will drop its leaves in winter.

Fine Wine Weigela Care

Your Fine Wine Weigela will grow and flower best in full sun into a mounded shape, but it can survive in partial sun in zones 4 through 8. Its pink flowers will attract hummingbirds and butterflies and the plant is deer resistant. Weigela can adapt to nearly any soil type, as long as the soil drains well. Be sure to water regularly and deeply to help your weigela establish deep roots. Mulch below the plant to help conserve water. Apply a slow-release fertilizer designed for trees and shrubs in early spring.

Fine Wine Weigela Spacing

This easy-care shrub is part of the Weigela Wine Series, and a popular choice for borders, curb appeal or containers. When planting Fine Wine Weigela in mass plantings, be sure to space the plants 3 to 4 feet apart.

Weigela florida ‘Bramwell’ Plant Facts

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-8

Flower Color(s): Pink

Bloom Period: Spring

Foliage Color(s): Black/Purple

Exposure: Sun

Height: 2-3 Feet

Spread: 2-3 Feet

Spacing: 3-4 Feet

Habit: Mounded

Blooms On: Old Wood

Watering: Average

Shrub Type: Deciduous

Scientific Name: Weigela florida ‘Bramwell’ USPP 18,513

Common Name: Fine Wine® Weigela

Brand: Proven Winners®

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Spilled Wine Weigela

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