When to plant honeysuckle?

Halls Honeysuckle

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Halls Honeysuckle is edible and sweet to the taste. It attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. It is best in the spring months, with yellow and white blooms, and a great scent. Halls Honeysuckle can be used to stop erosion and will grow easily on fences, trellises, or any other structure.

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The woody twining vines have a lovely shade of green leaves that are oval that are 1 to 10 cm in length. The bilateral symmetrical flowers bloom inpretty clusters on a flowering branch. The flowers are trumpet-shaped and recognized for their golden orange coloring. They have a sweet scent to them and wonderfully delicious nectar. The fruiting branches will contain a red, blue or blackberry. Sometimes the berries are spherical to an elongated shape. The berries are mildly poisonous to humans. But are a fantastic attractant of wildlife, such as birds and small mammals, during the fall season. Halls Japanese Honeysuckle is a species of Lonicera, and they are hardy climbers that grow in a shrubby shape with delicate, tiny flowers with elongated petals approximately 1-10 cm long. This plant reproduces in a shrubby-type form covered with the small flowers. Plant at the base of a trellis, and by the end of the season, you’ll have a beautiful flowering vine wholly covered with Honeysuckle. This plant used as a ground cover that reaches several feet in height as a bushy-flowered shrub. Both shrubby and vine-growing stems are robust and fibrous, and, in general, Honeysuckle is famous for its tiny, but fragrant flowers. The flowers are pure white but turn to yellow as they age; surrounded by bright green, oval-shaped leaves. Honeysuckle has a long season for blooms; typically, they have flowers from May until the first frost. In the fall, they may have blackberries with purple foliage. Halls Honeysuckle is a nationwide favorite for covering trellises because the plants climb 25 feet or higher. Hall’s Japanese Honeysuckle may be prevalent in America because it is so easy to plant, grow, and maintain. Plant a small shrub, and it will tolerate soil in lousy condition and temperatures down to -30 degrees. This shrub will grow abundantly rooted in a partly shaded space with filtered sunlight or full sunlight for the blooms. Even though the Honeysuckle has a rapid growth rate, it has only moderate water needs, and it blooms all season.3

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Lonicera: Honeysuckle Vine

Facts: Lonicera

Family: Caprifoliaceae

Genus: Lonicera – Named for German naturalist Adam Lonitzer (1528-1586)

Common name: Honeysuckle

Origin: Native to the Northern Hemisphere

Characteristics: Around 180 species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs and vines make up the Honeysuckle genus.

Leaves are opposite and are often fused, forming a disc. Flowers are often tubular forming a deep throat, attracting birds and bees, and are often fragrant. Seedy fruit follows flowers.

Culture: Honeysuckles are very adaptable, enjoying many soil types and varying pH with the exception being very wet boggy soil. They thrive in full sun to part shade. Hardiness varies depending on species.

Pruning: Pruning should happen directly after flowering. Vines will need training during their rapid growth phase and (at least) yearly pruning to keep them where you want them. If plants become overgrown and rangy they can be pruned hard to the ground and they will grow back with multiple shoots.

Pests: Aphids and Powdery Mildew seem to be the worst problems in Portland. Several treatments are effective and readily available.

6 Mistakes to Avoid When Growing Honeysuckle Vine

All species of honeysuckle plant fall into two categories: 1) arching shrubs and 2) twinning bines, with the large majority being climbing plants that make for attractive honeysuckle vines. These honeysuckle vines produce trumpet shaped flowers, honey-like scents, and sweet nectars that attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and even humans who enjoy sampling the nectar.

This type of vine is quite easy to grow when correctly planted and maintained. If you find yourself having trouble getting your honeysuckle vine to thrive, you may be making some of the following mistakes in caring for your plant.

These mistakes are common, but fortunately, they are also easily remedied.

1. Planting Too Late in the Season

Honeysuckle vines should be planted during the spring in cooler climates because their roots thrive when cool and shaded. Make sure to wait until the final frost before planting them.

When the timing is finally right, locate a spot for planting where they’ll get full sun, or at the very least, partial sun exposure. Plant your honeysuckle at a soil depth of 18 inches and lay an organic fertilizer or compost over the top 3 inches.

2. Too Little Water at First, Too Much Water Later

This type of vine is sensitive to the amount of water and moisture it receives. When you first plant your honeysuckle, the plant will need a considerable amount of water to help it grow. However, by the time summer arrives your vine will be more fortified and only need small amounts of water, even during dry spells. Many people make the mistake of continuing to water the plant equally throughout these different stages, which is a definite recipe for harmful overwatering in the summer months.

The more important goal isn’t to provide the vine with excess moisture, but rather to retain the modest level of moisture that is proper for flourishing. To retain moisture, mulch the base of the plant heavily. A 2-inch layer of dried leaves, pine needles, or shredded bark makes an ideal mulch for the honeysuckle vine.

3. Incorrect Use of Fertilizer

At the beginning of the growing season, add a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) around the base of the plant. Make sure you choose a controlled release variety. In midsummer, fertilize again with a balanced formula liquid fertilizer to encourage continual flower blooms.

Be especially careful not to fertilize too much. Many growers don’t realize they’ve made this mistake until it’s too late because things will seem just fine at first. Using too much fertilizer will still cause the foliage to thrive, which will give the initial impression of a successful vine, but the excess fertilizer will negatively impact flowering down the line. Keep the soil pH between 6.1 and 7.8.

4. Poor Timing When Pruning

Allow plants to become well established before pruning. Pruning honeysuckle too early can either reduce the number of blooms the vine produces or kill the whole plant. Honeysuckle vines should be allowed to grow for two years before pruning. Prune lightly during the growing season to encourage new growth. With light pruning, only remove old and bloomed-out flowers.

Older shoots on established plants should be removed during the spring to encourage later flowering. It’s safe to cut the plant back 1/3 for a major pruning. Late February to March are the ideal times to prune most honeysuckle vines.

5. Mold From Poor Ventilation

Honeysuckle vines are prone to powdery mildews and molds. To reduce the chance of these developing on the vine, make sure there is adequate air movement around your plants. Always plant in open air.

6. Improper Support

Most honeysuckle vines are grown with support systems, although sometimes they’re grown as ground cover for erosion control. If using support systems, it’s important to use them correctly. The trellis or arbor should be in place before planting. This removes the possibility of damaging the plant when trying to install a trellis on an area where a plant is already established.

Plant the vine 6-12 inches away from the support to allow enough room for it to grow. Once the vine starts climbing the support system, tie it to the arbor using a strong, stretchy material, like strips of old nylon hosiery. Cross the material between the stem and the support system to prevent the stems from rubbing together.

Honeysuckle Vine Care: How To Grow A Honeysuckle Vine In The Garden

Everyone recognizes that lovely fragrance of a honeysuckle plant and the sweet taste of its nectar. Honeysuckles are heat-tolerant and wildly attractive in any garden. A honeysuckle plant is a great addition to any landscape and will draw abundant wildlife with its sweet, yellow to bright-red blossoms.

Honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.) belong to a large family that consists of hardy shrubs and vines that grow in almost every state in America. There are over 180 different varieties of honeysuckle. Some are deciduous and some, in warmer regions, are evergreen. Because of their versatility and abundance, growing and caring for honeysuckle vines is easy.

How to Grow a Honeysuckle Vine

While honeysuckles prefer full sun, they will tolerate some shade. The honeysuckle plant is also tolerant of different soil types, though it helps to grow the vine in well-draining soil amended with organic matter.

Honeysuckles can be grown as ground cover in suitable areas but most do best with some type of support, either along a fence or on a trellis. They can also be grown in containers.

  • Using a Fence or Trellis – Honeysuckles take well to a sturdy fence, post or trellis and will gladly cover even a very large trellis in a short amount of time. As the plant matures, it has a tendency to shade the lower portion of the vine, which causes the bottom to become woody and unattractive. Therefore, you should thin out the top half of the vine during the dormant season to keep it healthy. If you wish, allow your honeysuckle vine to cover an arbor. This is a great way to provide a shady spot in a sunny landscape.
  • Containers – Many varieties of honeysuckle perform well in containers as long as they receive regular water and an application of 10-10-10 plant food at the beginning of the growing season. Provide a trellis for your container vine or allow it to hang in a basket.

Caring for Honeysuckle Vines

Other than occasional watering, honeysuckle vine care is not difficult; however, pruning is a good practice. Vine species of honeysuckle can become invasive as a ground cover, if not controlled, and require clipping to tame. Therefore, a regular shearing and shaping will keep this beauty within its boundaries. Pruning honeysuckle vine is generally done in the fall or winter, when the honeysuckle plant is dormant. If your honeysuckle vine has been left untamed, don’t worry about giving it a good heavy prune. The vine will pop back up again in the spring. If you wish to use honeysuckle vines for erosion control, you will not need to prune them.

With annual pruning, honeysuckle vine care is not a problem. The plant will happily return each year, providing an abundance of blooms and sweet nectar for both you and wildlife.

Honeysuckles: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties

There are numberous types of honeysuckles. Most are either large shrubs or twining vines that are noted for their colorful, trumpet-shaped flowers, sweet scent, and attractiveness to butterflies and hummingbirds.

About honeysuckles
Honeysuckle flowers are magnets for hummingbirds; flower colors include orange, red, yellow, and white, depending on the species and variety. Most shrub honeysuckles grow 6 to 15 feet tall and wide, while the vining types grow 10 to 20 feet tall. Honeysuckles bloom in spring to midsummer. Vining forms, such as trumpet honeysuckle (L. sempervirens), grow well on fences, trellises, and walls with support. Shrub forms, such as winter honeysuckle (L. fragrantissima), make good hedges, screens, and mass plantings. Honeysuckles tolerate shade and are often seen as an understory plant in the forest. Some species, such as tartarian honeysuckle (L. tatarica) and Japanese honeysuckle (L. japonica), are very aggressive and should be avoided.

Special features of honeysuckles
Fragrant
Attracts hummingbirds

Choosing a site to grow honeysuckles
Select a site with full sun to shade and moist, well-drained soil. The plants will flower more profusely in full sun.

Planting Instructions
Plant in spring or fall. Space plants 5 to 15 feet apart, depending on the expected mature size of the plant. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you’ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don’t amend it at all. Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.

Ongoing Care
Apply a layer of compost around the base of the plant each spring, followed by a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Prune shrubs and vines after flowering. Aggressive varieties can be pruned back to the ground in late winter to control growth.

How to Draw a Honeysuckle Flower

In this quick tutorial you’ll learn how to draw a Honeysuckle Flower in 4 easy steps – great for kids and novice artists.

The images above represents how your finished drawing is going to look and the steps involved.

Below are the individual steps – you can click on each one for a High Resolution printable PDF version.

At the bottom you can read some interesting facts about the Honeysuckle Flower.

Make sure you also check out any of the hundreds of drawing tutorials grouped by category.

How to Draw a Honeysuckle Flower – Step-by-Step Tutorial

Step 1: Draw the center of the flower by draw a bunch of straight lines with dots at the top of them.

Step 2: Then draw the flower petals which should be long and skinny at the bottom and then become larger towards the top and connect to a point.

Step 3: Below the flowers draw multiple leaves which should be small closer to the flowers and larger below that.

Step 4: In the last step draw the stem between the leaves and up to the bottom of the flower.

Interesting Facts about Honeysuckle

Honeysuckle is a climbing vine plant that grows wild in Asia and North America. The vine reaches 20 to 30 feet tall. The branches are covered with hair and produce tube shaped flowers. When the flower dies a black berry takes its place. A Japanese variation of the plant produces red berries. North American honeysuckle is light colored, with lots of white, pink, and yellow. Japanese honeysuckle is a deep yellow orange color. Many animals like to find food on a Honeysuckle vine, but humans cannot eat the berries because they are poisonous.

Did you know?

  • There are 65 species of Honeysuckle.
  • Both honeysuckles are used in folk medicine in both America and Japan.
  • During Victorian times Honeysuckle vines were planted around doorways to protect the family from witches.
  • Honeysuckle can be used to treat a rash.
  • Honeysuckle is put into pet toys to attract cats to play with them.
  • Honeysuckle perfume is common to spray on pillows to help people sleep.
  • Many writers have talked about Honeysuckle vines in their works. For example William Shakespeare.

Lesson Plan Note: Honeysuckle is used for various medicines in the Far East. Spend a day studying Japan and its culture with your class.

How to Draw a Honeysuckle Flower – Step-by-Step Tutorial

How to grow honeysuckle

Lonicera is commonly known as honeysuckle. They’re largely hardy twinning climbers or shrubs with scented flowers. Choose from evergreen and deciduous forms.

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Climbing types produce scented flowers followed by red berries that are very appealing to birds. These berries should not be eaten by humans!

Shrubby types are often used to create hedges. If you have had problems with box blight then Lonicera nitida is a sensible alternative. For winter flowers and scent the deciduous Lonicera fragrantissima is unbeatable.

For winter flowers and scent the deciduous Lonicera fragrantissima is unbeatable. Lonicera periclymenum ‘Scentsation’

Where to grow honeysuckle

Both shrub and climbing types prefer a position of light shade or full sun. Climbing types are happy with their roots in a shady, cool place as long as their climbing stems can get to sunlight, a west-facing wall is ideal. In the wild they are woodland plants that enjoy the shade and protection of deciduous trees and shrubs – try and mimic this.

Climbers can be grown in containers but they will never be as prolific as in garden soil. It’s the flowers carried at the top of plants that need sun and warmth. Ideally place the plants so that the perfume can be easily enjoyed. All will grow in most soil types but like many other plants prefer a well-drained, humus rich soil.

Guide wire for honeysuckle

When planting the evergreen shrub, Lonicera nitida, consider buying plants bare-root in autumn or winter. For a dense hedge plant five small plants per metre. Dig in well-rotted organic matter before planting.

Climbers are self-clinging but require a helping hand when young. If growing against a wall use galvanised wires on the wall and lead the plant to these by guiding stems with a garden cane. Water plants in well and feed with a general purpose fertiliser in spring.

Honeysuckle berries

Propagating honeysuckle

Climbing types produce berries that carry the seed. As long as you get to them before the birds do, you can then remove the seed from the berries – a messy job. Sow fresh and leave the seeds to germinate in a cold frame, or put the seeds in the refrigerator over winter. Mix the seed with compost and leave in the refrigerator for 12 weeks before sowing at a temperature of 15°C. The seeds need this period of cold to initiate germination.

Honeysuckle: problem solving

Honeysuckle aphid can be a real problem for climbing types. Leaves become distorted and curled as the sucking insects feed on the plant. Aphids excrete honeydew which then leads to sooty mould. Plants that are in poor health will be more prone to infestation. Prune out very badly infested shoots, or apply an insecticide.

Lonicera periclymenum ‘Serotina’

Caring for honeysuckle

Deciduous shrubby types, such as the early summer flowering Lonicera tatarica, should be pruned after flowering. Evergreen types that are often grown as topiary or tight hedges, such as Lonicera nitida, can be trimmed in summer.

Climbers do not require pruning as they flower on the current season’s growth. The wild honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum, can be cut back by a third after flowering. All climbing types can be cut back in spring if they have outgrown their space.

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How to get the best scent

The scent of climbing honeysuckle is stronger when plants are grown in a warm spot. This scent attracts pollinating bees in the day and moths at night. The flower colour of honeysuckle changes slightly once pollinated.

Lonicera ‘ Mandarin’

Great honeysuckle varieties to grow:

  • Lonicera nitida ‘Baggesen’s Gold’ – a dense evergreen shrub with white flowers in spring. Yellow foliage – ideal for topiary or a dense, low-growing hedging. Height 1.5m
  • Lonicera ‘Mandarin’ (pictured above) – a new variety with striking orange flowers that have no scent
  • Lonicera periclymenum ‘Serotina’– flowers with creamy white petals with dark purple tops from July to October. A deciduous climber with impressive scent. Reaches 5m
  • Lonicera x tellmanniana – orange, yellow flowers from May to July. A deciduous climber with wonderful scent. Reaches 5m
  • Lonicera fragrantissima – known as the winter honeysuckle this deciduous shrub offers white scented flowers from January to March. Fully hardy. Reaches a height of 1.5m
  • Lonicera periclymenum ‘Graham Thomas’ – scented white flowers that turn to yellow from July to September. Red berries in late summer. Deciduous climber reaching 5m

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