When to plant freesias?

Contents

Freesia Bulb Plant: When And How To Plant A Freesia Corm

A wide range of colors and an alluring floral fragrance make freesia hard to resist. With up to eight trumpet-shaped, upward-pointing blossoms on leafless stems, freesias make delightful cut flowers that last a long time in the vase. The freesia bulb plant is easy to force indoors on sunny windowsills. Learning how to grow freesias in the garden and freesia flower care will allow you to enjoy these beauties year after year.

How to Plant a Freesia Corm in the Garden

Knowing how and when to plant freesia bulbs is important for their success in the garden. Start by choosing a location with full sun or light morning shade and well-drained soil.

Prepare the bed by digging and loosening the soil to a depth of at least 8 inches. Plant the freesia bulbs, or corms, at least 2 inches deep and 2 to 4 inches apart.

Freesias look their best planted in groups or masses rather than in rows. Masses of a single color make a striking display. Freesias bloom 10 to 12 weeks after you plant the corms. You

can extend the bloom season by planting the bulbs at weekly intervals.

When to Plant Freesia Bulbs

In USDA hardiness zones 9 and warmer, you can plant freesia corms in fall. In cooler areas, however, plant the corms in spring. Also, in USDA zones cooler than 9, the corms won’t survive the winter in the garden. You will need to dig them up at the end of the season and store them until next spring, but since the corms are inexpensive, it’s usually easier to purchase a new freesia bulb plant next year.

Another option is to plant them in containers so you can bring the entire pot indoors for winter storage.

How to Grow Freesias Indoors

Freesias bloom readily indoors. Plant the bulbs about 2 inches apart in a pot filled with regular potting soil. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, and place the pot in a sunny, preferably south-facing window. Expect flowers in 10 to 12 weeks.

Once the flowers and foliage die back, allow the pot to dry out and place it in a cool location until you are ready to bring them into bloom again.

Freesia Flower Care

Once the foliage emerges, water the growing freesia plants often to keep the soil moist. Freesias need an abundance of moisture during the entire growing season, but you should allow the soil to dry out once the flowers fade.

Fertilize the plants in spring with a bulb fertilizer following the label instructions.

You can also pick off faded flowers to keep the garden looking tidy, but allow the foliage to die back naturally.

Freesias make excellent cut flowers too. Cut the stems early in the morning before warm temperatures have a chance to dry out the blossoms. Cut the stems again at a slight angle an inch or so above the first cut while holding them under water. Place them in a vase of water right away. You can add a floral preservative if you like, but you won’t need it if you change the water daily.

How to Grow Freesia Flower Indoors

Botanical Name: Freesia hybrids

Freesia flower is often sold as cut flowers in florist’s shops. You can enjoy their beautiful, highly fragrant blooms even longer, though, if you grow freesias yourself as house plants.

Beautifully fragrant freesias are also easy to grow indoors. Image by Manfred Richter

Funnel-shaped freesia flowers are sweetly-scented and available in single- and double-flowered varieties. Hybrids offer a big range of gorgeous colors — lavender, pink, orange, red, yellow, white and bicolors. Surrounding the flower stems are long, strap-like leaves.

Freesia bulbs are actually corms, and are easy to grow indoors. They are warm-natured, meaning corms don’t need a cold treatment to bloom; the corms are ready to plant. Choose corms that are firm — not soft or mushy. Don’t buy any that are sprouting. After waiting for months for freesia flower to bloom, you don’t want to be disappointed.

Start planting freesia in late summer or early fall for winter or early-spring blooms. You can pot them up every couple weeks for a succession of flowers to enjoy for months.

Freesia is a genus in the Iridaceae family, along with iris, gladiolus and crocus.

How to Grow Freesia Bulbs Indoors – Step by Step

  1. Choose a shallow pot (at least 3 in/7 cm deep) with drainage holes in the bottom. Fill the pot loosely with potting mix. Set corms 2 in (5 cm) apart, pointed end up. Do not press the corms into the mix, keep it loose so the roots can grow through it easily. Top corms with 1 in (2.5 cm) of additional potting mix.
  2. Water minimally until you see new growth.
  3. Move pot to a bright, warm (80°F/27°C) location such as a sunroom for about 8 weeks. Keep the medium barely moist.
  4. When shoots reach about 2 in (5 cm) tall, move the pot to a cooler (60-65°F/16-18°C) room in a bright window for a couple weeks until flower buds form. Turn the pot every couple days for even growth. When in full bloom, keep freesias in a bright location out of direct sun to prolong the bloom.

What to Do After Flowering is Over

After all the flowers are spent, reduce watering and allow the foliage to die back naturally.

When the foliage turns brown, stop watering. Then cut them off. Lift the corms out of the potting medium and store them in a dry, warm (80°F/17°C) place for at least 3 months. Corms need at least a 3-month rest before they can be started again. Any rotten or corky corms likely have dry rot and should be discarded.

Freesia Flower Problems, Solutions and Answers

Leaning stems are likely stretching toward the sunlight. It’s a good idea to turn the pot every few days, or as necessary, to expose all sides to light. Also, it’s not unusual to stake up flowering freesias because they get top heavy and flop over.

Shriveled, quickly fading blooms are caused by too-high temperatures. Make freesia last longer by keeping the plant in a slightly cooler location. Blooms will last for months if kept at a maximum of 65°F/18°C.

Something bugging your freesias? Aphids are attracted to new growth; look for these insects on leaves and stems and treat any infestation right away. Red spider mites sometimes attack indoor plants in winter because they like dry conditions. Raising the humidity will help to prevent them.

Are freesias poisonous? No. While it’s not a good idea to allow cats and dogs to chew on plants, you don’t have to worry about this one — it’s non-toxic.

Freesia Flower Care Tips

Origin: South Africa

Height: Up to 18 in (46 cm). Flower stems often need to be staked to hold them upright.

Light: Bright, indirect sunlight. Some cool, direct morning sunlight is fine.

Water: Keep the soil lightly moist. Don’t overwater because it will cause the corms to rot.

Humidity: Moderate — around 40-50% relative humidity. If indoor air is dry, discover these easy ways to increase humidity for your houseplants.

Temperature: Warm temperatures 80°F/27°C until corms start sprouting, then keep cool 60-65°F/16-18°C while freesia plant is growing and flowering.

Soil: Good-quality, all-purpose potting mix with added horticultural sand for faster drainage.

Fertilizer: Feed every 2 weeks, beginning with the first show of flower buds till the end of flowering. Use a high-phosphorus water-soluble fertilizer.

Propagation: Repot corms each year, following “How to Grow Freesia” steps above. Corms grow offsets that can be separated and potted.

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Freesia flowers are popular not just in the cosmetic industry or for wedding bouquets but also for celebrations of the 7th wedding anniversary.

Freesia flowers are perennial herbaceous plants that belong to the Iris family and have over 20 species. The most popular among the species are Allure, Demeter, Golden Wave, Snowden, Mirable and Welkin. They produce various colors and emit sweet, citrusy fragrances that are used in the cosmetic industry for making soaps, lotions, shampoos, hand creams, scented oils and perfumes.

The brightest-colored varieties, pink and red, emit the strongest fragrance. Freesia flowers are named after the German physician who studied them, Dr. Friedrich Freese. They can stay fresh for 10 to 14 days after cut but should not be mixed with Narcissi and Daffodils.

Acapulco

A large-flowering plant, the Acapulco has bright orange-red petals with very distinct veins and a bright-yellow center that makes it very unique and interesting. Perfect for vases and containers, it can brighten up any dining room table or window sill.

Alba

Like its name implies, this heirloom flower is white in color and quite striking. It grows easily in cold climates, and it can even survive coastal and windy areas. With yellow accents in the center of each petal, its double bloom sits atop sturdy stems that can get up to 18 inches high, making it a true eye-catcher.

Algarve

The Algarve is a double-petal variety of freesia and is a very subtle, light shade of blue that is almost white, making it the perfect complement to its green leaves. It makes a great border, not to mention a beautiful addition to any vase or container.

Ambassador

One of the most popular and frequently purchased types of freesias, the Ambassador produces beautiful, large white blooms and very sturdy, strong stems that can get up to 2 feet in height. They are very popular in Holland, and also beautifully complement other flowers in colors such as red or purple.

Angelique

If you love the color yellow, this type of freesia is for you. Its trumpet-shaped petals are bright-yellow and make them look a little like daffodils. They have yellow centers as well, and they would look perfect next to freesias or other flowers that are red, purple, or blue. A cheery flower, the Angelique loves bright sun and partial shade, not to mention moist but well-drained soil.

Ballerina

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With creamy-white petals that are so dense and full that the flower almost looks like a rose, the Ballerina is a beautiful flower and makes stunning bouquets and container centerpieces. In fact, it is so beautiful that it makes a great addition to anyone’s garden, which is one of the reasons it is so popular with so many growers.

Bastogne

A fairly new variety, this flower is a double-petal variety that is striking orange and dark-yellow in color, and a center that is the same colors as the petals. It has a cohesive look that makes it look like it should be in everyone’s garden, and in fact, maybe it should.

Blue Bayou

A double-petal variety that was introduced in the late 1990s, the Blue Bayou has beautiful violet blue-purple petals and a striking yellow center. The blooms grow close to one another, making it look like one giant bloom, which is just one of the many reasons it is so beautiful.

Blue Navy

Just like its name suggests, the Blue Navy has petals that are bluish-purple in color, with white trim near a center that is a beautiful shade of yellow, which really brings out their beautiful color. Blooming approximately 10-12 weeks after planting, this flower is easy to grow and looks stunning the entire time they’re in bloom.

Bordeaux

This is a freesia with very deep-red petals and bright-yellow centers, as well as light white flushes of color near the center. The color makes this plant very eye-catching, and it looks fantastic when planted near white or lighter-colored plants, including other freesias.

Clementine

This flower is a true orange color, with flushes of both dark-orange and light-orange throughout each petal, which are the perfect complements to its beautiful green leaves. A fairly new variety, it is sure to catch on quickly and become the favorite for a lot of growers.

Corvette

With large white petals that look as though they are in layers, this flower has a white-and-yellow center that matches the petals perfectly. It grows very fast, has a subtle but wonderful scent, and it is absolutely stunning.

Cote d’ Azur

A beautiful lavender-violet flower with white highlights near the center, the latter of which is a soft yellow. Its soft petals are beautiful and even relaxing to look at, and they sit on top of stems that can grow as high as 18 inches. Great for zones 1-8, this flower prefers full sun and moist, well-drained soil in order to look its best.

Dalba

With a beautiful shade of white, this freesia looks striking against its bright-green petals, and they can get started by either being planted them in pots or directly in the ground. They are tolerant of rabbits and deer, and they do best in areas with cool nights. You usually don’t have to worry about pests or diseases, and they grow 12-18 inches in height, giving them an exquisite look.

Duet

This flower is unique because it is raspberry-pink in color but has red markings on three of the petals and red flushes throughout each petal. If you’re a fan of reds and pinks, this flower is for you, and it looks beautiful in vases, containers, and as a border for any garden out there.

Galaxy

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With single petals in a light bluish-white color, this flower is simple yet elegant, and it is a long-lasting flower to boot. Pair it with darker-colored flowers for a striking contrast, or enjoy it alone in a vase or container.

Honeymoon

This freesia is a very delicate shade of blush pink and creamy-white, including its center, so it has a fresh, subtle look that is still beautiful and eye-catching. The light colors look perfect against the cheery, bright-green leaves, making it a very popular flower.

Joan Evans

A truly unique type of freesia, this flower has six single petals that are bright-white in color but which have bright raspberry-pink markings on the bottom three petals. Each petal has a lime-green center, and the colors perfectly complement one another to produce a truly stunning flower.

Lady Brunet

With petals a little differently shaped than other freesias, the Lady Brunet looks similar to a rose and has a dark-orange color with chestnut flushes throughout, and its blooms are very close together, making them look like they are actually one bloom. A truly striking plant.

Mozella

The Mozella is a beautiful shade of soft-pink, and its petals have a touch of white and centers that are small and yellow. They are virtually disease- and pest-free, and they make beautiful cut flowers, looking spectacular in both containers and vases. Their trumpet-shaped petals are exquisite, and they make great border plants.

Panda

The Panda freesia is eye-catching because its petals are raspberry-pink with white near the center. The center itself is bright-yellow in color, which perfectly complements its pinkish-purple petals. They grow up to 18 inches high, and they look extraordinary next to their small, elegant-looking green leaves.

Pink Fountain

The Pink Fountain consists of double blooms in bright pink and long, slender stems. It blooms profusely in Fall and Winter, and it is a Dutch hybrid that can grow as high as 2 feet. A striking flower, it looks beautiful in vases and containers, as well as when planted next to plants in colors such as white or yellow.

Oberon

A striking and eye-catching flower, its petals are creamy-yellow with dark red-orange tips and trim, and the petals are also veined, making them even more noticeable. Although they are easy to grow and maintain, the flowers are sensitive to frost and therefore, special care should be taken to prevent them from getting too cold or frostbit.

Orlando

This is a fairly new cultivar and is double-petaled. Its large flowers are bright-orange and dark-yellow in color, with very distinct veins that make people take notice of it. It also has a great scent, which lends to its ambiance.

Pink Attraction

The petals on this freesia are a whitish-pink but have beautiful raspberry-colored trim, and the petals curl around one another so that the center is virtually hidden. The petals come close to a point at the tips, and it is a popular flower regardless of what your favorite color is.

Purple Rain

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A flower with double petals and bright red-purple color, its contrasting center of yellow-green makes it truly noticeable, regardless of what your favorite color is, and it is especially beautiful when you place it in a vase or container.

Red Beauty

One of the most unique aspects of this type of freesia is its scent, which is strong and sweet, although you can only smell it when the petals are open. It produces double blooms of a bright-red color but has yellow highlights at each petal’s base. It is a slow grower compared to those freesias that grow in the Fall and Winter, but it is well worth the wait.

Sandra

This is an extraordinary type of freesia because it has brilliant pink petals, dark-pink trim, and yellow and white centers, and the multiple colors look extraordinary next to its small, green leaves.

Santana

The Santana has striking yellow petals with flushes of creamy-white throughout and a yellow-green center. The two colors complement one another and give the flower an eye-catching and memorable look.

Speedy White

This flower is one of the fastest-growing types of freesias, and it has single blooms that are bright-white in color with yellow-and-white centers. A subtle but elegant-looking flower, it would look beautiful in a vase or even in a bouquet.

Striped Pearl

With petals of a whitish blush-pink color and beautiful veins that call attention to the petals, the Striped Pearl has a delicate, elegant look that is certain to please. It would look beautiful in a vase or a container, and anywhere else where it has a chance to shine.

Striped Sun

With dark-yellow and subtle-red petals, a yellow center, and petals consisting of numerous veins – hence the “striped” look – this is one freesia you are not going to forget anytime soon. Perfect for people who love the color yellow or those who want a cheery look in their garden, this flower is a head-turner in every aspect.

Sunrise

Much like its name suggests, these flowers look like the sunrise, with bright-yellow petals, bright-yellow centers, and a subtle white flush near the center. It is cheery-looking and certain to elicit smiles from anyone who sees it.

Tahiti

The Tahiti has bright-white petals that form a near point at the tips, and it has striking yellow centers that call attention to its petals. A real eye-catcher, it is perfect for gardeners that want a simple yet elegant look in their garden.

Texas

A bright-yellow flower, this type of freesia has a matching yellow center which gives it a beautiful look everyone will love. It is a very popular variety and has a wonderful aroma, which gives it an added advantage over other types of freesias, and even over other types of flowers.

Troubadour

This freesia has eye-catching petals with raspberry-pink and bright-yellow centers, both of which complement one another and also bring out the unique green leaves. Perfect for people who love pink or red, the Troubadour is a beautiful flower that is always a pleasure to behold.

Vienna

The Vienna freesia has creamy-white petals that turn to a very light beige towards the center, meaning you can plant them next to flowers of other colors and they will complement each other perfectly. They make beautiful border plants and are low-maintenance as well, although staking is recommended if you want them to remain upright.

Virginia

The Virginia type of freesia has petals that are bright-white in color, and their centers are white as well, giving them a cohesive look that is sure to make you want to show them off for a very long time.

Vulcano

If this plant is anywhere around you, you are certain to notice it. It has beautiful red-orange petals that get darker around the edges and on the tips. If you’re curious about when to plant this flower, it is best to check which zone you’re in, as the planting times vary according to where you live. In addition, they are both deer- and rabbit-tolerant, which means they should remain with you for a long time.

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How to plant and grow freesias

Tips and tricks for successful planting and cultivation of this beautiful plant with a gorgeous fragrant flower. Find out when is best to plant freesias, how to plant freesia bulbs in a pot and ways to care for your freesia plant throughout the year.

Freesias are gorgeous and delicate exotics from the other side of the world – they grow wild in the Cape Province of South Africa – so we tend to think that growing them here will be difficult, but this simply isn’t true.

If you want to grow your own look for prepared corms rather than so-called ‘garden varieties’. Prepared means that the freesia bulbs (corms) have been subjected to a dormancy-breaking heat treatment – an average of 12 weeks at 30C. The idea behind this is to mimic the conditions in South Africa. There they dry out and become dormant in the hot summer, only beginning to grow in the warm, moist autumn. They then have a cool patch in winter, which initiates flower-bud formation. These are the types of corms we sell at Sarah Raven.

Planting

Soil and Site

Well-drained spot, in sun or light shade. Add plenty of organic matter to improve thin soils.

Spacing

Plant them 5cm deep and 5-8 cm apart. The bulbs look like small, slim onions. Plant them with the pointed end facing up.

In the garden

Our prepared freesia corms can be planted in autumn for flowering inside from January to April or from March (in a greenhouse) or April-July (outside). I have gone on planting outside until July for flowers almost up until Christmas. Plant the corms straight into the ground in a well-drained spot in sun or light shade. I grew some very successfully last summer and autumn in a west-facing bed against a hedge.

When the plants are up and growing, they will benefit from a potash-rich feed – comfrey juice or something you would use for tomatoes (see our website for details).

For containers

Plant six bulbs, pointy end upwards (again at 1-2 in deep) in a 13cm/5in pot, or spaced at that equivalent in a larger pot. They like a rich, loam-based compost (which I expect explains why they do well on my heavy soil) with a little extra grit added for drainage. Go for about two thirds compost, one third grit.

Water regularly and keep them moist and shaded at all times – a cold greenhouse or conservatory is ideal. Once the corms start to sprout, move the pots into full sunlight and keep watering. When the buds show colour, you can bring them indoors. If they have been planted in good soil or compost they will not require feeding.

Aftercare

If planted in good soil or compost, they will not require feeding. Flowering takes around 100-120 days from planting.

Both in the garden and in pots, they will need support to keep the foliage and flowering stems upright as they grow. In pots you can use special round supports, which are held on a central cane, but a triangle or square of canes would do the job just as well. In the garden, use twiggy end branches of silver birch or hazel.

Freesias are not fully hardy, so you are usually recommended to lift the plants in the autumn, either when the leaves yellow, or after the first frost. Cut the stems back to 1in and allow the corms to dry. Remove the old, shrivelled portion, keeping only the new plump corms. These store easily in peat or sand. Keep them in a cool, dry, frost-free place. Plant again, when the ground begins to warm in late April. Stagger plantings to extend the flowering season.

Cut Flowers

The yellows, blues and whites have a longer vase-life than the reds and pinks, with some lasting 3 weeks when cut in bud. Either bought or home-made, flower food is worth it with freesias. Use one teaspoon of thick bleach and two of a thick sugar syrup to 1 litre of water, or two small flower food sachets. This extends the vase life by as much as 20%, helps the buds to develop and is said to enhance scent.

See all Freesias

Freesia Planting Guide

If you live in one of the U.S. regions that enjoys sunshine but not hot summers, like long stretches of coastal California, grow freesia. These plants are happiest in cool temperatures, with day ranges of 55 to 70 degrees farenheit and night time temperatures of 40 to 55. For regions where springs are very short and summers are hot, consider growing freesia indoors.

For the rest of us, freesia can be grown on a very sunny windowsill in a room with limited heat or one kept cool (50-60F) with air conditioning. Sadly, freesia plants do not grow well in hot, humid regions or in areas that tend to be cloudy and rainy.

Choosing a Site

Freesias do best in full sun sites except where temperatures are hot. These plants thrive in moderately fertile, well-drained soil. Soil that drains poorly and allows water to puddle will encourage bulb rot. If the soil where you’re considering planting doesn’t drain well, find a new location or consider planting in containers.

Soil Prep

Average, moderately fertile soil with medium amounts of moisture are fine for freesia. Mixing in a handful of sand can improve drainage. Add a slow release fertilizer when you plant if your soil is a bit lean or if you’re planting in a container. Avoid fertilizers and tap water with floride as that will cause foliage to yellow. Do not use “Super Phosphate” fertilizer for freesia.

Plant freesia bulbs outdoors in spring when frost danger has past and soil has warmed. These plants are native to South African warm (but not hot) regions and aren’t happy with cold soil or frosts.

Freesia bulbs can also be planted in the fall in regions that do not experience winter freezes, i.e. zone 9 -10.

Freesia bulbs typically bloom 3 to 4 months after planting. It is best to buy in the fall for fall planting, and in the spring for spring planting. Bulbs do not hold well out of the ground from one season to another.

How to Plant Freesias

Plant bulbs with the points facing upwards. Dig holes and place the bulbs 3 – 4” apart and cover with 2” of soil. Pat the soil gently to eliminate air pockets and water well to settle the soil around the bulbs. Do not water again until you see sprouts.

Freesia bulbs can also be planted in containers for indoor enjoyment. Choose a container with a drainage hole to avoid soggy soil. Plant bulbs 2” deep and 2” apart. Water well. Place the pot in a sunny window. Bulbs usually sprout in 2 to 3 weeks. Water lightly 10 days after planting and then not water again until you see sprouts.

During the Season

Freesia benefit from the application of a high potassium fertilizer about every two weeks after the flower buds have begun to develop. Be sure to keep soil lightly moist during the plants’ active growth period. Allowing the soil to dry completely stresses freesia and may result in crooked stems.

At the Season’s End

For gardeners in zones 9-10, freesias are perennials that successfully overwintering outdoors. In colder zones, treat as annuals.

Insider Tips

  1. Freesia plants are slender and looks best planted in groups. These plants often benefit from some light support; twiggy sticks poked into the ground provide a nice natural approach.
  2. Freesias are a bit particular about temperature, not too hot and not too cold. The best results are achieved with daytime temperatures in the 60-75 range and 50-65 degrees for nighttime temperatures. In other words, not ideal for areas where the summers are hot and humid. But great for areas with a mild Mediterranean climate like much of coastal California.
  3. When actively growing, freesia prefer slightly moist, but not wet, soil. Plenty of sunshine is needed for good flower production.
  4. Cut freesia stems for bouquets when the lower florets are beginning to open.
  5. Freesia flowers are sensitive to ethylene, the gas that many ripening fruits and vegetables emit. Do not place freesia plants or cut flowers near ripening avocados, bananas, apricots, peaches, pears, plums, tomatoes, etc.

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Freesia’s are a Kiwi favourite – their stunning sweet scent and beautiful colourful blooms make for an instant impact in any garden.

Freesia Bulbs are well suited for naturalising, establishing themselves relatively quickly within the garden, but are also perfect in pots. The beauty of growing Freesias in pots is the ability to move them close to the house once in flower, to distribute their heavenly aroma.

Freesias are actually corms rather than Bulbs, and will send out all of their nutrients in one season to produce a beautiful display. The corm will then reproduce into several other corms, with the initial corm fading away into nothing.

You can plant Freesias anytime from March through to late May.

Planting Freesias…

  • Freesia Bulbs (Corms) require full Sun or part shade to thrive.
  • Ensure your soil is free draining. If the soil retains too much water, the corms will rot away in the Winter Months. To avoid this, you can build up your beds.
  • Loosen the soil to a depth of at least 15cm, and mix in some good quality Bulb fertilizer.
  • Plant Freesias with the pointy part of the corm facing upwards, and a depth of around 6cm. You can plant Freesia Bulbs fairly close together, however we would suggest no closer than 5cm.
  • Give your Freesias a good deep initial watering, and continue to do so once every few days if conditions are dry, or if you have planted them in pots (generally potting mix dries out quickly)

Freesias for cut flowers…

Freesias make the perfect cutflower, and are beautiful in arrangements – their stunning sweet fragrance will fill your home.

When cutting your flower stems, ensure that you leave at least 10cm on the plant, and try to avoid cutting too many leaves.

Remove any bottom leaves from the stem, and place the flower stems in a vase of cool water – if you have flower preservers, then that will help to prolong the vase life; otherwise you should replace the water every day or two, and recut the stems. Pull off any spent flowers, as this will allow the coming blooms to flourish.

Fresh flowers will last longer in a cool environment, away from the Sun, so if you have a cooler area of your house, they’ll do much better there.

After flowering…

Once your Freesia’s have finished flowering, they will begin to slowly die back – keep watering as necessary, as this is how they nourish next years corms. Again, it’s essential, as with all Bulbs and Corms, to allow the greenery to die back completely before removing any leaves.

Once the leaves are brown and dry, you are then welcome to remove them to tidy things up a little.

Freesias can be left in the ground for years and years to Naturalise, however, if you’re wanting to lift the corms, the best time would be December/January.

Dig them out, and let dry for a couple of weeks. Once the Corms are dry, store them somewhere cool and dry until it’s time to replant around March/April.

Freesia Flower Stock Photos and Images

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  • Hachijojima Island, Japan during the Freesia flower bloom season.
  • Granulate, and blossoms of freesia on stone
  • Freesia Yellow flowers
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  • Montbretia (Crocosmia masoniorum) flower buds close up
  • White Freesias
  • Freesia flower (Freesia)
  • Freesia Flower Yellow and Red
  • White Freesia blurred cyan background
  • Woman smelling flower
  • Red Freesia in glass vase
  • Single red freesia flower
  • Girl wearing a flower wreath on her head and holding a bouquet of flowers
  • Homemade purple freesia flowers on vanilla cupcakes with whipped cream frosting
  • Black and white of Freesia flower abstract composition
  • Freesia, flower, blossoms, buds, still life, pink, yellow, blue,
  • Fresh yellow freesia flower on white background.
  • White freesia flower
  • White freesia flower head set against a white background
  • A single white freesia flower in a bottle
  • Freesia Flower Closeup
  • Red freesia flower – extreme closeup
  • Orange pink Freesia flower close-up
  • Glowing white freesia flower in the light of sunset
  • Fabulous,Spring,Faithful,Freesia,Flower, – yellow, salmon, coral, with etched burgundy lines
  • Lady with forceps removing anthers for cross-pollinating Freesia flowers in a commercial glasshouse
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Freesia Flowers

Freesia Flowers are one of the most fragrant flowers. The Freesia specie, Freesia alba caused a sensation when introduced into cultivation in 1878! Along with Freesia leichteinii, this is the most deliciously, sweetest of all Freesia species.

Freesia is a genus of about 14 species. Freesia bulbs are usually grown for use asCut Flowers. All the 14 species of Freesia are African in origin. Of The 14 Freesia species, 12 are native to Cape Province, South Africa, the remaining two to tropical Africa, with one these species extending north of the equator to Sudan. Freesia flowers are very fragrant, typically white or yellow, and are borne in spikelike racemes. This blooming beauty captures your heart and is a springtime favorite.

Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Liliopsida Order Asparagales Family Iridaceae Genus Freesia

Freesia plants grow from a corm (a solid bulb, as in Gladiolus). The Freesia orm sends up a tuft of long narrow leaves and a slightly branched stem. Freesia Flowers are borne as loose one-sided spikes of narrowly funnel-shaped flowers along a side few leaves. Some excellent Freesia varieties (old-fashioned) for fragrance include: Athene, Allure, Demeter, Excelsior, Golden Wave, Mirabel, Pink Westlind, Snowdon, and Welkin.

The tender, cormous plant, Freesia originated in South Africa. The leaves on Freesia are sword shaped and light green and may be up to 1 feet high. Freesia Flower stalks are slender and about the same height. As many as 8 funnel-shaped Freesia flowers form a loose cluster at the top of each stalk. Where the flowers begin, the stem makes a sharp bend so that the Freesia flowers face upward.

Facts About Freesia

  • Freesia bloom was named by Dr. Freese (1785-1876) , a native of Kiel, Germany.
  • The flowers come in a great variety of colors – white, golden yellow, orange, red, pink, mauve, lavender, purple and bicolors.
  • Freesia perfume has a light, sweet, soap-like floral scent – trendy in soaps, lotions and so forth.
  • Freesia flower bouquets are also used for gifting on special occassions. Freesia flowers are symbolic of innocence.
  • Freesia are very poularly used in the perfume, scented oils and baths and other related industries.

from our stores – Pickupflowers – the flower expert

Freesia Fragrance Oil

Fragrance Oils are artificially created fragrances, which contain artificial substances. Freesia fragrance oil is suitable for use in oil burners and vapourisers. It can also be used to refragrance pot pourries. Freesia fragrance oil can also be used in any of the vapourisers, such as the ceramic lamp ring, drivetime car vapouriser, radiator vapouriser or mini vaporiser.

Freesia essence oil is uncut, undiluted, alcohol free, long lasting, high grade essence oil. The oil is excellent for aromatherapy uses – to scent candles, freshen potpourri, in soap making, massage oils, bath oil and of course, as a Freesia perfume body oil – to smell just truly great.

Growing Freesia Flowers

  • The corms should be planted close – six will do nicely in a 5 inch pot.
  • Soil should be light and should be drained well.
  • Place the top of the corm, 1 inch below the soil.
  • For winter flowers, plant freesia in late summer or early fall and keep them cool until frosts are due.
  • During winter, bring freesia bulbs in and keep them in a sunny window.

Plant Care

  • Freesias are propagated by offsets of bulbs and seeds.
  • Freesia plants need full sun and cool night temperatures, preferably between 45 and 40 degrees.
  • Keep the plants well watered while the leaves and flowers are developing.
  • When the leaves begin to brown after the flowers have faded, the plants may be gradually dried off and the corms saved for the following year.

Planting Freesia bulbs

Freesia summary

Height: 40-60cm
Spread: 20cm
Period for planting Freesia bulbs March to April
Freesia corms flowering period June to August

Freesia corms planting instructions

Well-drained soil

Planting Freesia bulbs is easy. Freesias prefer light, well-draining soil. If puddles of water remain 5-6 hours after a hard rain, find another site. Alternatively, amend the soil by adding organic material to raise the level 2-3 inches, which will improve the drainage. Peat moss, compost, ground bark or decomposed manure all do the trick and are widely available.

Pointed end upwards

Dig holes and plant your freesia bulbs 2 inches deep and 3 inches apart. The bulbs look like small, slim onions. Plant them with the pointed end facing upwards.

Location for planting Freesia bulbs

When planting freesia bulbs, position them in a spot where they will receive full sun during the day.

When to plant freesia bulbs

The best period for planting Freesia bulbs is around March and April. Fresia will flower between June and August.

Freesia maintenance instructions

After planting, water your freesias well, soaking the area thoroughly. Roots and sprouts will develop in the autumn. Taller growth will begin in winter and flowers will appear in the spring.

Ideal for cutting bouquets

Once in bloom, feel free to cut freesia flowers for indoor bouquets. This will not damage the plants, and having fragrant blooms to bring inside is one of the best reasons to grow freesias.

Leave foilage in place untill late summer

After your freesias have finished blooming for the season, leave the foliage in place; don’t cut it off. The leaves will continue to gather sunlight and provide nourishment for next year’s display. Water your freesias as necessary.
Later in the summer, the leaves will yellow and die back as the plant retreats into dormancy. Foliage can be removed at this point. Your freesias will then rest for a few months before starting the next growing cycle.
Our freesia corms, as well as all our other products, are delivered with detailed planting instructions.

Start planting Freesia bulbs today!

Do Freesias Bloom More Than Once A Year? – Knowledgebase Question

Freesias (Freesia)
Posted by Calif_Sue
Freesias bloom in the spring if planted outdoors in the fall, or they’ll bloom indoors in the fall if planted in the spring. In your gardening region they will bloom in the spring if you leave the corms in the ground all year around. When your Freesias have finished blooming the foliage will die down. The bulbs need a period of rest before they will be able to perform again.
Stop watering when foliage begins to yellow. When plants sprout again, you can resume regular watering. It sounds as though you are removing spent flower petals rather than the entire spent flower – the pods are where seeds will form and they’re actually a part of the original flower. You can continue to pull off spent flowers, or you can wait until all the flowers on the stem fade and then cut the entire stem off. Some gardeners leave the spent flowers alone so that seeds will develop, drop to the soil and germinate. Freesias are some of the most delightfully fragrant spring flowers around!

Freesia

Freesia

A native of South Africa, freesia pleases with upward-facing blossoms in bright colors and by adding a citrusy perfume to the air in late spring to early summer. Each freesia stem produces five to 10 tubular flowers, all of which grow on only one side of the stem. Double-flowered hybrids provide an even showier display. Worth noting: The stems turn at right angles just below the lowest flower, which results in blossoms that face the sky and attract pollinators. This characteristic makes freesia wonderful for arrangements.

genus name
  • Freesia ssp.
light
  • Part Sun,
  • Sun
plant type
  • Bulb
height
  • 6 to 12 inches,
  • 1 to 3 feet
width
  • To 6 inches wide
flower color
  • Blue,
  • Red,
  • Orange,
  • White,
  • Pink,
  • Yellow
foliage color
  • Blue/Green
season features
  • Spring Bloom,
  • Summer Bloom
problem solvers
  • Deer Resistant,
  • Drought Tolerant
special features
  • Low Maintenance,
  • Attracts Birds,
  • Fragrance,
  • Good for Containers
zones
  • 9,
  • 10
propagation
  • Division

Perfume the Landscape

A petite plant that packs a powerful perfume, freesia’s fragrance is often enjoyed before the blooms are noticed. Rising from an unassuming corm, or underground storage structure, freesia is hardy in Zones 9 and 10 and is regularly grown as an annual plant in cooler regions. Freesia is native to hot, dry regions of South Africa and thrives in similar environments in the garden. In Zones 9 and 10, count on freesia to unfurl its colorful racemes of flowers in spring. In cooler regions, it can be planted in the garden in spring and then will bloom in late summer or early fall.

Get fabulous fragrance in your garden with these plants.

Cut-Flower Companions

A unique cutting flower, freesia is not commonly grown in the home garden and commands high prices at the florist. But growing your own freesia lets you enjoy all the beauty of florist shop bouquet right from your own backyard. Plant the elements of a charming garden bouquet by pairing freesia with dahlias, gladiolus, lady’s mantle (Alchemilla mollis), larkspur, cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus), amaranth, and pincushion flower (scabiosa). When creating a cutting garden, don’t hesitate to plant in rows for easy care and harvesting all season long. Add structure to the planting bed by surrounding it with a low fence.

When it comes time to cut freesia, do so early in the morning before it gets warm and dries out the petals. Hold the cut stems under water while you cut them again at a slight angle. Immediately arrange them in a vase of water. Change the water every day or use a floral preservative.

Find fresh takes on garden bouquets here.

Freesia Care Must-Knows

Freesia grows best in well-drained soil and full sun, but a location with light morning shade will also work. Hot, dry planting sites, such as south-facing foundation gardens and curbside and sidewalk gardens, are often great growing places for this plant—as long as it gets the cool nights it needs to flower well. Freesia also grows well in containers placed in full sun or planted alongside annuals and perennials that do not require excessive watering.

When in Zones 9 or warmer, plant freesia corms at least 2 inches deep and 2 to 3 inches apart in the fall. In cooler zones, plant corms after the last frost in spring. Water corms well after planting and continue watering often during the growing season to keep the soil moist. After freesia blooms, let the narrow, bladelike leaves turn yellow and wilt before digging up the tender corms and storing them in a cool, dry place until planting the following year.

Freesia can be forced to bloom inside. Plant the corm in a container filled with quick-draining potting soil in October or November. Water the container well and place it in a bright sunny window. Expect freesia to bloom 4 months or more after planting.

Make a lasting impact with your container gardening using these tips!

Garden Plans For Freesia

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Freesia Growing & Cut Flower Guide

Outdoor Beds

  1. Find a location where the soil drains well. If there are still water puddles 5-6 hours after a hard rain, scout out another site. Or amend the soil with the addition of organic material to raise the level 10cm to improve the drainage. Peat moss, compost, ground bark or decomposed manure all work well and are widely available.
  2. Site your freesia where they will get full day sun.
  3. Dig holes and plant the freesia bulbs 5cm deep and 5-8 cm apart. The bulbs look like small, slim onions. Plant them with the pointed end facing up.
  4. After planting, water freesia well, thoroughly soaking the area. Roots and sprouts will form in the autumn. Winter will bring taller growth and flowers will develop in the spring.
  5. When in bloom, feel free to cut freesia flowers for bouquets. This will not hurt the plants and having scented blooms to bring indoors is one of the best reasons to grow freesia.
  6. After blooming has finished for the season leave the foliage in place; don’t cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight and provide nourishment for next year’s show. Water as needed.
  7. Later in the summer the leaves will yellow and die back as the plant slips into dormancy. Foliage may be removed at this point. Your freesia will rest for a few months before beginning the next growing cycle.

Pots, Tubs & Urns

  1. Fill your containers with good quality, well-drained potting mix. Make sure there are adequate drainage holes; freesia must never sit in waterlogged soil or they will rot.
  2. Site containers where they will receive full day sun.
  3. Plant your freesia 5cm deep and 5cm apart for the most brilliant display. The bulbs look like small, slim onions. Plant them with the pointed end facing up.
  4. After planting, water freesia well, thoroughly soaking the area. Roots and sprouts will form in the autumn. Winter will bring taller growth and flowers will develop in the spring.
  5. After blooming has finished for the season leave the foliage in place; don’t cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight and provide nourishment for next year’s show. Water as needed.
  6. Later in the summer the leaves will yellow and die back as the plant slips into dormancy. Foliage may be removed at this point. Your freesia will rest for a few months before beginning the next growing cycle.

Freesias for Cut Flowers

Freesia flowers grow along one side of the stem, in a single plane. When you look at a flower stalk however, you’ll see that the blooms are facing upwards.

Freesias stems have the unusual habit of turning at right angles just below the bottom flower. This causes the upper portion of the stem to grow almost parallel with the ground. The flowers bloom along the top side of the stalk, facing upwards. This makes them lovely to look down into in a garden setting and ideal for arrangements.

Care and Handling

  1. Cut freesia stem ends to create fresh surface to absorb water.
  2. Remove all foliage below the water line and place in a clean container filled with cool water and, optionally, floral preservative.
  3. If you do not add floral preservative, change the water and re-cut the stems every day or so.
  4. Each Freesia stems will have 5 or 6 tubular flowers. Remove each spent flower to extend the life of the coming blooms.
  5. To help them last longer keep out of the sun, keep in cooler temperature and high relative humidity if possible.

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