When do pomegranates grow?

No Pomegranates On Trees: How To Get A Pomegranate To Set Fruit

Growing pomegranate trees can be rewarding to the home gardener when optimal conditions are met. However, it can also be alarming when all your efforts result in your pomegranate not bearing fruit. Let’s take a look at some common reasons for no fruit and how to get a pomegranate to set fruit.

Pomegranate History

The pomegranate, an ancient fruit, is getting a bit of resurgence in popularity due to the recent discovery of its high amounts of antioxidant. The pomegranate has been widely cultivated for thousands of years in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Asia, and has been written about in the Old Testament and the Talmud of Babylonia.

A symbol of fertility in ancient Egypt, the pomegranate is well suited to these arid climates, disliking humid conditions and overly cold temperatures. Today, the pomegranate is grown for harvest in the drier areas of California, Arizona and Texas.

Punic granatum (from the French name pomme grenate, meaning “seedy apple”) is an apt name for the pomegranate fruit. The pomegranate fruit contains over half its weight in seeds and, like an apple, has a long storage life (about seven months when properly stored). Under its red leathery skin, the seed is surrounded by sweet tart pulp and juice.

The seeds are separated by a tough white membrane referred to as the rag. The pomegranate seeds can be eaten after separating from the rag or pressed to extract the delicious juice, which is commonly used in grenadine mixed with other juices or drunk on its own. But what happens when there are no pomegranates on trees and, thus, no seeds or juice to extract?

Pomegranate Fruiting

This deciduous bush typically grows from 12 to 20 feet tall and nearly the same in spread. Some patience is required when growing a pomegranate tree, as it takes five to seven months for fruit to become mature and the tree itself needs two to three years before it bears more than a couple of fruits.

In addition, the pomegranate tree loses its vigor after 15 years or so, although some cultivars may live hundreds of years. The fruit of the pomegranate is harvested from October to January.

How to Get a Pomegranate to Set Fruit

Some pomegranate trees are strictly ornamental and are grown for their striking flowers, which bloom from late May until fall. Five to seven crepe-like flowers hang in a cluster from their urn-shaped calyx and range from brilliant red to orange or white. Attractive to hummingbirds, the blooms may be single or double flowering; however, the double cultivars rarely produce fruit.

When fruit production is the desired goal, make sure you are planting a fruit bearing cultivar. Plant in USDA Zones 8-10. Fertilize the pomegranate tree in March and July with a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) in the amount of 1 pound per 3 feet of plant height, and maintain an evenly moist soil.

Reasons for No Fruit

Once established, the pomegranate tree is a low maintenance plant; however, there are a couple of things to watch for with a pomegranate not bearing fruit.

To set fruit, the drought tolerant pomegranate requires additional irrigation and fertilizer. They appreciate a soil pH of 5.5-7 and as is common with most plants, will benefit from a layer of organic mulch. To achieve higher production levels of pomegranate fruiting, plant in full sun.

Pomegranate trees tend to sucker and divert energy away from fruit production, resulting in no pomegranates on trees. Prune lightly on a regular basis, but do not cut back too severely, which can affect fruit outcomes.

As mentioned, the pomegranate tree is most vigorous in warm, dry climates. In USDA Zone 7, the bush will generally survive the winter, but damage may occur when ground temperatures drop below 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

Pollination is another possible reason for a pomegranate not bearing fruit. Plant two or more pomegranate trees to encourage cross-pollination and be sure to plant in full sunlight to foster fruit setting.

Wonderful Pomegranate Tree

Pick Fruit 5 Years Sooner

Why Wonderful Pomegranate Trees?

With the Wonderful Pomegranate Tree, you get a fast-growing tree that delivers delicious fruit in huge, abundant harvests. Plus, you get it all carefree since the Wonderful is drought tolerant, standing up to dry, hot weather and missed waterings like a champ.

Wonderful is, by far, the most widely planted pomegranate in the country. And it’s no wonder why: It adapts to a variety of soils, resists drought and pests, and couldn’t be easier to grow. In fact, an established tree can produce 100 pomegranates or more each season…plenty to store and share!

With the high price of pomegranates, the Wonderful saves you hundreds each year. And you’ll be amazed at how much sweeter your tree-ripened fruit will taste. Imagine biting into a fresh pomegranate from your own backyard and enjoying the sweet fruit nearly seven full months out of the year.

Because they ripen at different rates, over a long harvest season, you’ll have fruits for months at a time. And they store better than most other varieties, resisting bruising and discoloration with ease.

And the size of your yard isn’t a problem. Their roots are well-behaved…so you can even plant them next to your home or a fence. Pomegranate Trees can live 100 years or more and produce into old age, all without taking up much space.

Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better

We grow your tree to fruit the first year, so you won’t have to wait five, or even 10 years.

Seed-grown trees won’t fruit until they mature. So, they can grow to be 12 feet tall and still not fruit.

We grow from cuttings taken from a mature mother tree…proven to make exceptionally delicious fruit. This tried-and-true process is natural, ensuring the best -asting fruit and faster fruit production. This process takes us a lot more time and work, which is why many nurseries don’t do it. But the difference for you is amazing!

Your tree has been continually pruned through its life, not just when we send it out. Now, you get more branches for more fruit.

But don’t wait – start enjoying the beauty, health benefits and unique flavor of this amazing fruit now. Order today while supplies are still available!

Planting & Care

1. Planting: Pomegranates need full sun (6 to 8 hours of sunlight) and well-drained soil.

Make your hole twice the size of the root ball and just as deep. Carefully remove the tree from its pot and gently comb the sides of the root ball with your hands to free up the roots a bit. Position the tree into the hole and keep it straight as you begin to backfill the hole. Tamp down with your hands to prevent air pockets from forming around the root system.

Water the planting area well (but do not over-saturate the soil) and then spread a 2 to 3-inch layer of mulch to help conserve moisture.

If you’re planting in a container, select a pot that will be large enough to grow the tree and be sure it has multiple holes in the bottom. Place the tree into the container and begin to fill in around the roots. Water your tree and tamp down on the soil, eliminating any air pockets that may have developed while potting the tree.

2. Watering: Pomegranates have a good tolerance to drought conditions but will perform best in somewhat moist soil. Typically, you’ll water once or twice weekly, but if you’re not sure when to water, simply check the surrounding soil about 3 inches down. If the soil is dry here, it’s time to water.

3. Fertilizing: Do not fertilize your tree for the first year of growth. In the second year, fertilizer may be needed to supplement a slow-growing tree. Apply 2 ounces of nitrogen in the spring and then an additional ounce each following year.

4. Pruning: Avoid doing any trimming in the tree’s first year of growth. When you’re ready, prune any dead or damaged branches after the threat of frost has passed and before new growth begins. Also, you can shorten larger branches to more flowering. Low-growing leaves or branches can be removed at any time.

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Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Arabic name: رمان

The Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is one of the longest cultivated fruit trees. It is native in areas from southeast Europe through western Asia to the west Himalayas. The Pomegranate’s large red flowers, red-gold fruit, and glossy green leaves have inspired countless allusions in literature and art, and the Pomegranate’s fruit has long been considered a symbol of beauty and fertility.

It is extensively planted throughout the Mediterranean region, and is familiar as both a tree, and a large shrub. This summer-flowering tree is grown for its bright red flowers, and also for its reddish edible fruit. In addition, the red-bronze color of the Pomegranate’s new spring foliage, and the yellows of its dying leaves in the fall are both striking.

This beautiful deciduous tree can grow to a height of 5m, with a spread of 5m, and has a moderate growth rate of about 25cm per year. Its red flowers appear from May to July.

Requirements:
Pomegranates grow in full sun, and are drought-tolerant. They grow best in fertile, well-drained soil.

Water usage:
Pomegranates require some irrigation once established. Generally, trees need supplemental irrigation to get established, especially if planted after the rainy season. During the first year, irrigate in the amount of 20 – 25 liters of water twice a week. During its second year, a tree needs to be irrigated in the amount of 40 liters once a week. Beginning with the third year, trees usually get established, and some, like the Pomegranate, require some supplemental irrigation in the amount of 50 – 60 liters once a month.

Appearance:
The Pomegranate is a deciduous, rounded tree, or large shrub that is sometimes single-trunked, but often is seen with many low-branching trunks. Old specimens often assume a picturesque gnarled appearance.

The leaves are shiny green, narrowly oblong with wavy margins, and are 5 – 7.5cm long, and 2.5cm wide. The Pomegranate has copper-colored young growth in the spring, and yellow tints in the fall. The twiggy branches are spiny. The bright red early summer flowers appear in clusters of 1 to 5. They are tubular and have a carnation-like appearance, with crumpled petals. The flowers become deep red fruits that ripen in the fall and early winter. The spherical fruit is about the size of an orange. The outer covering is hard and leathery, often splitting to expose the pulp-covered crimson seed held within.

Notes on use:
A fruit-bearing specimen tree; characterized by its attractive flowers. Suitable as a solitary tree.

Propagation:
Propagate by seed in the spring, or by semi-ripe cuttings in the summer.

Maintenance:
The Pomegranate is a relatively low maintenance plant, but due to its shrub-like form, it might need pruning to develop a standard tree. Trees grown for fruit production should be pruned to eliminate the numerous basal shoots. Thinning during the winter months will help shape the structure of the tree. Avoid shaping it too high for the fruits to be picked by hand. Do not prune prior to the spring flowering period in order to enjoy the flowering display.

Fertilize sparingly in early spring.

In addition to eating the fruit fresh, the fruit can be used in the preparation of syrups (especially grenadine) and jams. Pomegranate fruits are also attractive to birds. Exposure to heavy watering during fruiting may cause the fruit to split prematurely.

Pomegranates tolerate high heat. They also tolerate and grow well in alkaline soils that would kill most plants.

Pomegranate Trees

The pomegranate is a round shaped shrub or small tree that can grow to 20 or 30 feet, but most often it tops out at 12-15 feet in height. The trees are self-fruitful, long-lived, and very productive. They produce best in a hot sunny location and only require 150-200 chill hours. The soil can vary, but must be well-drained. The pomegranate trees will grow well in alkaline soils that would kill most plants. They are cold hardy through Zone 7. Willis Orchard Company offers the six top varieties of pomegranate trees for sale to add to your home orchard.

The botanical name for the pomegranate is Punica Granatum and is a fruit producing deciduous small tree or shrub that can grow between 15 to 30 feet. The pomegranate has many thorny branches with long glossy, narrow and oblong leaves. The fruiting pomegranate has a beautiful reddish orange flower that is trumpet shaped with 3 to 7 petals. The flower is known to turn more orange as it fades and turns into a fruit.

The pomegranate fruit is actually a berry but has the size of a large lemon and grapefruit. The fruit has a mored rounded shape in appearance with thick skin. Depending on variety most pomegranate skins will be red, some orange and some white. The inside of the pomegranate has from 200 to 1400 seeds. Each seed is encased with a water ladened pulp called the sarcotesta. The sarcotesta is edible and will range in color from deep red, red, orange, purple and white. The seeds are safely embedded in a thick, white, spongy membrane that is similar to the inside of citrus.

Pomegranate nutrition facts

Selection and Storage

World’s best pomegranates grown in the southern parts of Afghanistan in Kandahar, Balkh, Helmand, and Nimruz provinces.

A pomegranate fruit judged ripe when it develops distinctive color and impart metallic sound when tapped by the fingertip. It must be picked up at the right time before turning overmature; otherwise, its seeds become harder, inedible, and the whole fruit tends to burst open and spoiled.

In the markets, choose well-developed, firm, bright crimson red fruits. Avoid spotted, overmature fruits as they can be bitter and inedible. Furthermore, avoid those with surface cracks, mold, bruised, shriveled as they are inferior in flavor. At home, store them in cool dark place at room temperature for 5-8 days or more. In general, pomegranates possess long shelf life. You can also put them in the refrigerator for a couple of weeks.

Preparation and serving method

Wash pomegranate fruit in cold water or rinse in tepid water to bring it to normal temperature if kept inside the cold storage.

Pomegranate is one of the popular fruits employed in the food industry. Its value as food, flavor, and color, making it a common item in the category of new functional foods, often called as “super fruits.” To experience its rich flavor, eat fresh fruit as it is without seasoning/additions. To prepare, clean the fruit using a paper towel or soft cloth. Using a paring knife, score superficially into two halves on its tough outer rind and then break it by pulling apart. Lift clusters of aril sacs out, and separate white membrane, pith, and rinds. Alternatively, hold the section of fruit upside down and beat gently with a wooden stick so that its seeds drop down detached. Separating its juicy, delicate arils simplified by performing this task in a bowl of cold water, whereby its seeds settle down at the bottom and pulp and pith float. Remove water and gently pat dry seeds using a soft cloth.

  • Pomogranate seeds make an attractive garnish on salads and dishes.

  • Fresh fruits make fantastic refreshing juice.

  • Pomegranate juice can be employed to prepare soups, jellies, sorbets, sauces as well as to flavor cakes, baked apples, and other desserts.

  • It is used in the preparation of traditional Persian recipes such as fesenjan, made from pomegranate juice and ground walnuts rice pilaf, and delicious ash-e-anar soup.

  • Pomegranate concentrate is a popular ingredient used in the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean recipes. The juice concentrated to about 250% stronger into a thick sauce (grenadine). When added in cooking, it gives a unique flavor and intense sweet taste. Grenadine added to make non-alcoholic drinks, sorbets, and in several mouth-watering Middle-Eastern dishes.

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Further reading and Resources:

Pomegranate Growing Information © Frances Michaels
Botanical Name:Punica granatum
Common Names: Pomegranate
Plant Family: Punicaceae
Plant Description
It is widely grown in the subtropics and tropics for it’s ornamental beauty and leathery fruit, in colder climates it will often fail to fruit. It is an attractive plant with glossy green leaves and scarlet flowers. Trees do not bear well until 5 or 6 years old. Flowering starts in late spring and continues into summer; under suitable conditions the fruit should mature 5 to 7 months later. High temperatures are essential during fruit development for a good flavour. The fruit mature between March and May and can be picked a little before full maturity and ripened in storage. In areas where rain occurs during harvest, pick the fruit before they are fully ripe to avoid the skin becoming waterlogged and splitting. It can be stored for several months if hung to dry in a cool, airy place. Pomegranates should be planted in full sun and like long, hot summers although it sets more fruit after a cold winter. It is very drought resistant but grows better with a good supply of water; it also tolerates a period of wet feet. Pomegranates prefer well-drained loam, pH 5.5 – 7, but tolerate considerable amounts of alkalinity and sodium in the soil. It should be mulched annually with rotted manure or compost. Pomegranates fruit on spurs of mature wood, prune the tree lightly in winter to encourage new spur growth and remove any limbs causing crowding in the centre of the crown.
Plant Type: hardy, deciduous, shrubby, small tree.
Plant Height: 4 to 7 metres.
Sow When
Germinates best at 24 – 26°C soil temperature. Temperate Areas: Spring – with extra heat.
Subtropical Areas: Spring, early summer.
Tropical Areas: unlikely to do well, as it dislikes humidity.
Planting Details
Seed Preparation: pre-soak in warm water overnight.
Planting Depth: 5 mm deep.
Spacing: 5 – 6 m in an orchard; 2.5 m for a hedge.
Position: full sun to semi-shade.
Soil Type: tolerant of wide range of soil types but needs good drainage; pH 5.5 – 7; add compost and mulch annually.
Uses
Harvest: 5 – 7 months after flowering, fruit quality improves in storage.
Food: fruit flesh is full of tender, edible seeds that are easy to eat with a nutty flavour. The flesh itself is juicy and sub-acid; it is used as a traditional garnish for Middle Eastern food. Pomegranate juice is refreshing and can be used in soups, sauces, jellies, ices or made into a sweet syrup called grenadine that flavours drinks, ice cream, cakes and baked apples. The dried seeds are used as a seasoning in dhal, fried samosa, stuffing and chutney. It is important to remove every piece of skin surrounding the seeds, as this is bitter.
Hedge: plants have a suckering habit and can form a dense impenetrable fruiting hedge.
Container Plant: useful grown in a tub as an ornamental.
Dye: the rind of the unripe fruits and the flowers are used as a dye.
Available as seed: Pomegranate seeds
Available seasonally as plants: Pomegranate plants

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