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South Carolina State Flower

Yellow jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is the South Carolina State Flower. Yellow jessamine bloom on a high-climbing, woody vine. Yellow jessamine plant is a landscape plant.Yellow jessamine flowers are clusters of bright yellow, fragrant, tubular blossoms, with flared petals. Yellow jessamine bloom from December to March. Yellow Jessamine is frequently used as a ground cover or a trellis decoration.

Kingdom Plantae Phylum Embryophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Gentianales Family Gelsemiaceae Genus Gelsemium (trumpetflower) Species Gelsemium sempervirens

Yellow Jessamine is called by several names like Carolina jessamine, poor man’s rope, or yellow jasmine and as The Pride of Augusta, Evening Trumpetflower, Gelber Jasmin, Jasmin sauvage, Sariyasemin . Yellow Jessamine’s characteristic feature is its sweet, prevailing scent through the wintery woods. Yellow Jessamine is common in the coastal plains and Piedmont regions from Virginia to South Florida and west to Arkansas and Texas.

The State Flower of South Carolina has the most delicate fragrance of all the early spring flowers.

Facts About Yellow Jessamine

  • Yellow jessamine was officially adopted as the South Carolina State Flower by the General Assembly on February 1, 1924.
  • Yellow jessamine has been used by herbalists to treat eye ailments and as natural, perfumed hair oil.
  • The essential oils of the Yellow jessamine plant are extracted for use in the perfume industry, since the pleasant odor is difficult to reproduce synthetically.
  • All parts of the Yellow jessamine plant are extremely poisonous, especially to livestock, if eaten; however, the bright Yellow jessamine spring blossoms are a source of nectar for butterflies and deer often browse on the vegetation for food and fiber.
  • The Yellow Jessamine fruit is an oblong capsule, about 1 inch long that splits apart to release flat, winged seeds. The capsules usually ripen from October to June.
  • The Yellow Jessamine leaves are simple, opposite and lanceolate, with a lustrous, dark green surface. They are generally 1 – 4 inches long and about 1-1 inch wide, with a long tapering tip.

Yellow Jessamine plant is very poisonous. Preparations made from the roots and rhizomes have been used as central nervous-system depressants, febrifuge, anodyne, and antispasmodic.

There are many online florists who deliver flowers to South Carolina. You can send flowers, plants of your choice to your loved ones living in South Carolina or from South Carolina to other locations across the United States of America through these popular South Carolina Online Florists.

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Facts About South Carolina

South Carolina was the 8th state of the US, which attained its statehood on May 23, 1788. South Carolina has Columbia as its capital city.

  • South Carolina’s climate is humid subtropical, with long, hot summers and short, mild winters.
  • Rainfall is abundant in South Carolina and well distributed throughout
  • South Carolina is located in the south east of U.S.
  • South Carolina was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).
  • South Carolina’s land area is 32,007 square miles with population of 4,012,012.
  • Major Industries in South Carolina are farming (tobacco, soybeans), textiles, manufacturing chemicals, processed foods, machinery, electronics, paper products, tourism.
  • South Carolina’s nickname is Palmetto State.
  • South Carolina State Motto is Dum Spiro Spero – While I breathe, I hope.
  • Bordering States of South Carolina are Georgia, North Carolina, and Atlantic Ocean .
  • Among South Carolina’s institutions of higher education are The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina and the College of Charleston, at Charleston; Clemson Univ., at Clemson; Furman Univ., at Greenville; South Carolina State College, at Orangeburg; and the Univ. of South Carolina, at Columbia.
  • Several nuclear plants operate in the state as well.
  • In coastal areas there are historic seaports of Georgetown, Beaufort, and Charleston, the latter a major tourist attraction and one of the chief ports of entry in the Southeast.
  • Tourist places in South Carolina include, Myrtle Beach and the Grand Strand, to the Sea Island resorts, and to Charleston’s stately homes and gardens.
  • The state’s historical places of interest include Fort Sumter National Monument, Kings Mountain National Military Park, and Cowpens National Battlefield.

Jessamine and Jasmine — Two Fine Vines

They’re vines, they’re evergreen, they have fragrant and showy flowers, and their names sound alike. If you have something in your garden you want covered fast, they just might be the ticket — Carolina jessamine and Confederate jasmine.

Carolina Jessamine Native to the South and the state flower of South Carolina, Carolina jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is commonly seen trained over doorways, bay windows, on walls and fences, and up lamp posts and mailboxes. In the wild, we spot its yellow blooms peeking down at us from tree branches. It climbs by twining its thin, pliable stems around something, so it needs a support. Unlike wisteria and some other vines, however, it won’t crush the structure it’s growing on.

Here in north-central Alabama, jessamine’s golden bells usually appear at the very end of winter, borne in such profusion as to completely hide the small, light-green leaves. ‘Pride of Augusta,’ available from Woodlanders, offers double blooms. ‘Pale Yellow’ bears creamy-yellow flowers. Carolina jessamine grows fast, so don’t buy one bigger than a one-gallon size. It likes sun or light shade and well-drained soil. Trim it in late spring after it finishes flowering. Carolina jessamine is winter-hardy to at least USDA Zone 7 (6B?) and deer won’t eat it. You shouldn’t either.

Confederate Jasmine Like Carolina jessamine, Confederate jasmine (Trachelosperum jasminoides) isn’t a true jasmine. Native to China, it gets its name from the incredible sweet fragrance of its creamy-white blooms. As with winter daphne, winter honeysuckle, and wisteria, this is one plant you often smell before you see.

Image zoom emTrained on wire into a formal pattern, Confederate jasmine softens this stucco wall. Photo by Ralph Anderson./em

Confederate jasmine grows just as fast as Carolina jessamine, has all the same uses, and is cared for the same way. There are two major differences besides the flower color, however. First, Confederate jasmine blooms later, usually in May for us. Second, it isn’t quite as cold-hardy. I’d give it a go up to USDA Zone 7B. If you want to try for 7A, plant a hardier selection called ‘Madison.’

Botanical Name

Gelsemium sempervirens

Year Adopted

Peak Bloom

March to April

History

Historically Yellow Jessamine was used as a topical to treat papulous eruptions and measles.

Fun Fact

The plant is extremely poisonous when eaten.

To many South Carolinians, the sweet fragrance of the Yellow Jessamine signals the welcome return of spring. Each year after the cold of winter dissipates; yellow flowers emerge on the climbing vine of the South Carolina state flower. Though attractive in their own right, these trumpet-shaped blooms are better known for their sweet, dreamy and even spircy perfume. The Jessamine’s unmistakeable fragrance is no doubt one reason the plant was chosen as the state flower.

When the flower was selected in 1924, lawmakers in Columbia noted it was “indigenous to every nook and corner of the state.” Though the Jessamine grows abundantly throughout several southeastern states, South Carolinians proudly claim the flower is at its best in their state. Around Charleston and North Charleston, the flowers of the Jessamine adorn suburban gardens and yards. The vine winds its way along trellises or lattice structures of woven wood commonly used to support climbing plants in gardens.

The Yellow Jessamine even snakes along the land as a ground cover. South Carolina’s state flower is also called the “mailbox plant” because residents in many neighborhoods use it to attractively cover mailbox posts. While the Yellow Jessamine puts on a good show in gardens and yards, its floral “shows” in the wild are equally outstanding. The vine climbs up tree trunks, winds around branches then hangs down like a blanket covering a tree.

Despite its sweet name and delicate perfume, the South Carolina state flower is quite poisonous. Deer and other wildlife avoid it and bees that drink its nectar have killed off entire hives. Children who mistake the Jessamine’s nectar for Honeysuckle have also become ill from it.

Growing Information

Well-drained

Full Sun/Partial Shade

Zones

7 – 11

Top image courtesy of TexasEagle.

Non-Flowering Jasmine: What To Do When Jasmine Flowers Are Not Blooming

Whether you’re growing jasmine indoors or outside in the garden, you may be concerned when you find your jasmine not flowering. After nurturing and caring for the plant, you might wonder why jasmine flowers are not blooming. Read more to find out why you’re growing a jasmine with no blooms.

Why Jasmine Does Not Bloom

Maybe your indoor jasmine plant looks healthy with lush green foliage. You’ve cared for it meticulously, feeding and watering and still jasmine flowers are not blooming. Perhaps the fertilization is the problem.

Too much nitrogen fertilizer will direct energy to growing foliage and take away from the blooms that are forming. This can also be the issue when most jasmine flowers are not blooming, but a few are peeking through. Try fertilization with a low, or even no-nitrogen plant food. Phosphorus heavy plant food often jolts plants into bloom.

Perhaps all that extra care included moving your potted jasmine into a bigger container. Be patient, jasmine must be root bound to produce blooms.

Good air circulation is necessary for good health of this plant. Healthy plants are more likely to bloom than those that are in need. Keep this plant near open windows or near a fan that helps circulate the air.

The non flowering jasmine may be living in the wrong growing conditions. Light and the right temperature are necessary for blooms from the jasmine that is not flowering. Temperatures should fall between the 65-75 F. (18-24 C.) range during the day.

Prune your jasmine plant when blooms are finished. If you can’t prune at this time, make sure the pruning is done by mid-summer. Pruning later can remove the season’s buds that may already be forming. Heavy pruning for this plant is encouraged; if done at the right time it will encourage more and bigger blooms.

Rest Period for Blooms

To produce winter blossoms, indoor blooming jasmine must have a period of rest in the fall. During this time, nights should be dark. Locate the non flowering jasmine in these conditions. If you have problems with streetlights shining through the window at night, put the jasmine with no blooms in a closet during the nighttime hours.

Outdoor jasmine with no blooms can be covered with a dark, lightweight landscape covering, or even a sheet, but be sure to remove it when the sun comes up. The jasmine with no blooms will still need light during the day.

Water the non blooming jasmine on a limited basis during this rest period. Withhold fertilization for the four to five week period. Keep temperatures at 40-50 F. (4-10 C.) during the resting time for the jasmine flowers that are not blooming.

When flowers start to appear on the jasmine plant that has not been blooming, move it to an area where it gets six hours of light per day. Temperatures of 60-65 F. (16-18 C.) are appropriate at this time. Resume regular watering and feeding. At this time, the jasmine plant will need humidity. Place a pebble tray filled with water near the jasmine that has started to bloom.

You can even place the potted jasmine on the pebble tray, but leave it in a saucer so that it does not absorb the water and become soggy. Soggy roots on this plant will delay or stop blooms as well, so be sure to only water the jasmine plant when the soil is dry to ½ inch down.

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