What zone is minnesota

Minnesota Planting Zones – USDA Map Of Minnesota Growing Zones

Click on the image above to see a larger version.

About the USDA Minnesota Plant Map

While there are many trees, shrubs and flowers that can survive a chilly Minnesota winter, it is useful to know exactly which ones these are before you purchase your plants. The Minnesota USDA plant hardiness map provides information based on average winter low temperature data collected over a 30-year time period.

The new USDA plant hardiness map for 2012 indicates that Minnesota growing zones include 3a and 3b in the northerly regions, 4a in the middle of the state and 4b in the south. An extremely tiny pocket of warmer winter low temperatures exists in the most southerly location and is categorized as 5a. To find your growing zone on the Minnesota planting map, enlarge the map above and look for your general area. On the USDA site, you can search your growing zone by zip code as well.

Your local greenhouse will generally carry plants that are suitable for your growing zone; however, it is always advantageous to check to be sure that they will thrive in your region. Use the plant hardiness zone map information to make this determination.

Although other factors affect the vitality of plants such as humidity, rain, wind, soil type and general plant care, the USDA plant hardiness map provides useful information for novice and experience gardeners alike.

Minnesota Planting Zones

Minnesota’s continental climate lends to its well-known cold winters and hot summers which determine the Minnesota planting zones. Located in the upper midwestern region of the country, Minnesota experiences large swings in weather patterns between seasons. The state has four obvious seasons and each one has its own distinct characteristics. Winters often have below-freezing very cold to frigid conditions. The state sees significant snow each year while also regularly experiencing rain, sleet and freezing rain. Snowstorms are not unusual into the beginning of spring, but typically taper off by late spring. With the warmer weather comes tornadoes that occur anywhere between March and November. Prolonged heat is not uncommon during the summer in the south region where the warm Gulf of Mexico air pushes up through the area. Minnesota is ranked the 3rd coldest state in the nation with an annual average winter temperature of 12 degrees.

Weather patterns and first and last frost dates affect U.S. hardiness zones and help to determine the best types of plants and flowers to plant. Understanding the different Minnesota planting zones can help you decide on what, as well as when, to plant. Find your specific growing zone on Gilmour’s Interactive Planting Zone Map. Minnesota growing zones fall somewhere between 3a and 5a. When you take the time to first know exactly which Minnesota planting zone you are in, you will have a better chance of knowing dates to plant in order to see best results. It is perfectly fine to plant anything rated for a specific zone or lower and expect it to survive winter. Planting any plants that are designated for a higher zone is never a good idea, since anything that thrives in a higher zone will likely not be able to survive the cold winter conditions of a lower Minnesota planting zone.

Of the many vegetables that grow well in Minnesota, tomatoes, broccoli, potatoes, kale, lettuce, spinach, cauliflower and squash are all sure wins. Be sure to select plants that are hardy to zone 3 or 4 to ensure winter survival. Choose from a plethora of gorgeous blooms that all do extremely well in the area. Coneflowers, butterfly weed, hardy geraniums, allium, panicle hydrangeas and lenten roses are good bets.

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map (PHZM) is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. The most recent revision was prepared by the PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University, and was released by USDA in 2012. Based on the average annual minimum winter temperature over a 30-year period, the map divides the country into zones representing a spread of 10°F (zones 1-13), each subdivided into two half-zones with 5°F spreads (e.g., zone 1a and 1b).

This PHZM data set provides 1976-2005 mean extreme annual minimum temperature in grid and shapefile formats, at the following effective resolutions:

Below are links to PHZM data in three formats. The shapefiles represent the half-zone classifications in a format suitable for mapping software. The grid files provide the average annual minimum winter temperature values on which the zones are based, giving the type of sub-zonal precision needed for scientific usage. There is also a listing of plant hardiness zones and half zones by ZIP code. Metadata describing the files is included with each format.

Enhanced versions of these files were previously distributed by Climate Source, Inc., which closed its doors on February 1, 2017. The original files are now available free of charge on this site. However, they continue to be the property of Oregon State University, and are subject to OSU’s terms of use. Be sure to read the terms of use agreement at the bottom of this page before using the datasets.

For an interactive map, to download cartographic images, or to read more about the maps, visit the USDA website: http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/Default.aspx

Grid and Metadata Shapefile and Metadata ZIP Code Listings
Alaska Alaska Alaska
Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico

PRISM formats and filenames

Terms of Use

Under the terms of a Specific Cooperative Agreement between the US Department of Agriculture and Oregon State University (OSU), OSU retains ownership of the GIS datasets underlying the official 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. These datasets may be freely reproduced and redistributed, subject to the following conditions: (1) Both the USDA-ARS logo and OSU logo must be prominently displayed on any maps derived from the GIS datasets. (2) The data may not be altered in any way unless (a) there is an explicit and prominently displayed disclaimer that the map is not the official USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, and (b) the USDA-ARS and OSU logos are eliminated.


A sliver of Minnesota is officially in USDA Zone 5, according to the new Minnesota hardiness zone map released today by the USDA, the first update to the map since 1990. Beyond that corner of Jackson and Martin Counties going officially zone 5 (a place where the lowest winter temperatures don’t sink below -20 degrees F — like say, Chicago), a huge chunk of Minnesota is now rated zone 4b (lowest temp: -25) and the area around St. Cloud has shifted from borderline zone 3 to a firm zone 4a — break out the Japanese maples!

According to the USDA, the changes in the Minnesota hardiness zone map are the result of several factors. Mapping techniques are much better than in 1990, allowing for finer distinctions. For the first time, cities with urban heat islands may show up a zone or half-zone warmer than in the past — though not the Twin Cities. USDA also had access to more accurate data and more data because it has more weather stations checking in with information. This map also is based on 30 years of weather information (1976-2005) rather than the 12 years (1974-1986) used for the 1990 map. This smooths out the weather fluctuations plants experience and gives a more accurate picture of growing conditions, according to USDA. For instance, mountainous regions may now be rated colder because the new data takes altitude into account more accurately.

The fact that about half the U.S. is a half zone warmer than in the previous map certainly brings up the issue of climate change. The USDA takes a cautious approach, noting that this map may merely be more accurate than previous maps and that climate change shows itself over even longer stretches of time (50 to 100 years).

The USDA has a very informative website about the new map, which allows folks to input their zip code to get very detailed information.

Deer hunting season information

Deer zones and permit areas

Get detailed area information using the interactive map


View the preliminary harvest totals for the 2020 season. Totals are updated every one or two business days.

Answers to common questions

Check out the deer season FAQ to get answers to the most-asked deer hunting questions.

Mandatory CWD testing

CWD sample submission is mandatory in select deer permit areas where CWD has been found, including the southeast management zone, the north central management zone, the southeast control zone and the central surveillance area.

Test for CWD yourself

If you hunt in a deer permit area where there is no mandatory CWD testing but still would like to have your deer checked, you can collect a lymph node sample and pay for a private test.
Watch the video “

Deer management

Visit the deer management page to learn about what the DNR does so Minnesotans can enjoy the benefits of a thriving and disease-free deer population.

2018 deer harvest report.

For more harvest reports, harvest maps, population modeling, winter severity indexes and surveys, visit the deer reports and statistics page.


  • Mandatory deer harvest registration – There are three ways to register harvested deer
  • Registration stations

Youth deer hunting

Looking for youth deer hunting information? You can find the information in the Minnesota Hunting and Trapping Regulations booklet.

Special hunts

  • Archery
  • Camp Ripley archery hunt
  • Firearms (deadline for all these hunts is Thursday, Sept. 5)
  • Muzzleloader
  • State park hunts
  • Disease management hunts

Season information

  • 2019 regulations
  • Mandatory CWD testing
  • Questions & answers
  • Lead information for hunters
  • Legal big game cartridges
  • Sunrise and sunset data
    • Table from the regulations booklet
    • Sunrise and sunset data
  • Landowner deer licenses
  • Tree stand safety
  • Venison donation program

Season dates

Scroll table right to see more “

Deer season opener


Get Deer Notes

Receive deer management insights and information directly from the DNR’s deer biologist in your email.

Deer regulations announced in Minnesota for 2019 season

Significant changes for the 2019 season include a youth deer season that’s expanded statewide, expanded deer feeding and attractant bans, and other updates related to managing chronic wasting disease.

“We heard a lot of support for a statewide youth deer hunting season,” Barbara Keller, big game program leader for the Minnesota DNR, said in a release. “We’re excited to make it easier for parents, relatives or trusted adults to share their hunting knowledge and traditions with the next generation of deer hunters.”

The 2019 full Minnesota Hunting and Trapping regulations handbook is available on the DNR’s deer hunting page at mndnr.gov/hunting/deer. Hunting licenses went on sale Aug. 1 and are available at any DNR license agent, by telephone at 888-646-6367 or online at mndnr.gov/buyalicense.

The statewide youth season runs from Oct. 17 through Oct. 20 for youth hunters ages 10-17. In the past, the youth season was only available in the southeast, northwest and Twin Cities metro permit areas.

There are also changes in regulations regarding chronic wasting disease. In addition to hunters, all Minnesotans in central and southeast Minnesota should pay close attention to the deer feeding and attractant ban rule. The area where deer feeding and using deer attractants is prohibited will expand starting Sept. 1, in areas of central and southeast Minnesota where CWD was detected in farmed or wild deer.

Feeding and attractants increase the risk of disease transmission between animals by bringing them together in close contact, which is a mechanism for CWD spread.

There are several changes to deer permit area numbering this year that will clarify where CWD management and surveillance occurs. Deer permit areas within a CWD management zone, in southeast and north-central Minnesota, will now be part of a 600-series permit areas. The metro deer permit area will be renamed to 701 from 601.

The DNR is, as in previous years, enforcing carcass movement restrictions to limit the spread of disease. Hunters will also need to be aware of mandatory sampling during all deer seasons in the CWD management zones (southeast and north-central), and over the opening weekend of the firearms season in the CWD control zone (southeast, bordering the CWD management zone) and in surveillance areas (central). Areas directly around Alexandria, including permit area 213, are not part of the mandatory sampling areas. The Central CWD surveillance area includes permit areas 277, 283, 219 and 285.

Full details about CWD sampling, including sampling locations, carcass movement restrictions, and management and control zones are available at mndnr.gov/cwd.

Area permit area limits

The limit for the number of deer a hunter can take in each permit area was also made official for the 2019 season with the releasing of the regulations.

Permit areas across the state are broke down into bucks-only (one legal buck per year), lottery (one deer total per year where an either sex permit is required to take an anterless deer under most circumstances), hunter choice (one either sex deer per year), managed area (two deer bag limit with any combination of licenses and bonus permits), intensive area (three deer bag limit with any combination of license types and bonus permits) and untlimited antlerless areas.

Permit area 213 surrounding Alexandria is an intensive area with a three-deer limit. Area 273 to the southwest of Alexandria is a managed area with a two-deer limit. Area 240 north of permit area 213 is also an intensive area with a three-deer limit.

More information

For more information on what’s new in the regulation changes, and for regularly updated deer hunting information including the DNR’s deer permit area mapping tool, visit the DNR’s deer hunting webpage, mndnr.gov/hunting/deer.

MN Hunting Seasons & Regulations – Brainerd, MN

10/27/18 – 05/15/19

North furbearer zone – Beaver trapping

10/27/18 – 05/15/19

South furbearer zone – Beaver trapping

02/18/19 – 04/30/19

Statewide – Goose – spring light goose conservation action

04/17/19 – 04/23/19

Hunter selected permit area by lottery or surplus permit – Turkey hunting – firearm A season

04/17/19 – 05/31/19

Any permit area – Turkey hunting – archery

04/24/19 – 04/30/19

Hunter selected permit area by lottery or surplus permit – Turkey hunting – firearm B season

05/01/19 – 05/07/19

Hunter selected permit area – Turkey hunting – firearm C season

Bear permit areas – Bear hunt lottery deadline

05/08/19 – 05/14/19

Hunter selected permit area – Turkey hunting – firearm D season

05/15/19 – 05/21/19

Hunter selected permit area – Turkey hunting – firearm E season

05/22/19 – 05/31/19

Hunter selected permit area with any unfilled license – Turkey hunting – firearm F season

Elk zones open to hunting – Elk hunting license application deadline

Various state parks and Wildlife Management Areas – Deer – special youth deer hunt lottery application deadline

Statewide – Bear baiting start date

Camp Ripley – Deer – Camp Ripley archery hunt application deadline

Prairie chicken quota areas – Prairie chicken hunt lottery application deadline

09/01/19 – 10/13/19

Permit areas and no-quota area – Bear hunting

09/01/19 – 11/29/19

Statewide – Mourning dove hunting

09/01/19 – 10/31/19

Statewide – Crow hunting (third season)

Lottery deer permit areas and special hunts – Deer – antlerless deer and special hunt lottery deadline

09/14/19 – 01/01/20

Statewide – Ruffed and spruce grouse, and Hungarian partridge hunting

09/14/19 – 02/29/20

09/14/19 – 02/29/20

09/14/19 – 12/31/19

Statewide – Deer hunting – archery

09/14/19 – 10/20/19

Sandhill crane hunting (northwest goose zone)

09/14/19 – 11/30/19

Northwest zone – Sharptailed grouse hunting

09/21/19 – 11/04/19

Statewide – Woodcock hunting

09/21/19 – 09/22/19

Statewide – Take a Kid Hunting Weekend

09/28/19 – 10/06/19

Prairie chicken quota areas – Prairie chicken hunting

09/28/19 – 10/27/19

Hunter selected permit area – Turkey hunting

10/12/19 – 01/01/20

Statewide – Pheasant hunting season

10/12/19 – 11/30/19

East-central zone – Sharptailed grouse hunting

10/17/19 – 10/20/19

Specific permit areas in southeastern and northwestern Minnesota, including metro permit area 601 – Deer hunting – youth

10/17/19 – 10/18/19

Camp Ripley – Deer – Camp Ripley archery hunt (first season)

10/19/19 – 10/20/19

Portions of southeastern Minnesota – Deer hunting – antlerless only

10/26/19 – 05/15/19

North furbearer zone – Beaver trapping

10/26/19 – 01/05/20

North zone – Otter trapping

10/26/19 – 10/27/19

Camp Ripley – Deer – Camp Ripley archery hunt (second season)

10/26/19 – 02/29/20

North furbearer zone – Mink and muskrat trapping

11/02/19 – 05/15/19

South furbearer zone – Beaver trapping

11/02/19 – 01/05/19

South furbearer zone – Otter trapping

11/02/19 – 02/29/20

South furbearer zone – Mink and muskrat trapping

11/09/19 – 11/17/19

200 and 300 series permit areas – Deer hunting – firearm (season A)

11/09/19 – 11/24/19

100 series permit areas – Deer hunting – firearm (season A)

11/23/19 – 12/01/19

300 series permit areas – Deer hunting – firearm (season B)

11/30/19 – 12/15/19

Statewide – Deer hunting – muzzleloader

11/30/19 – 01/05/20

North of I-94 and U.S. Highway 10 – Bobcat hunting and trapping

11/30/19 – 12/05/19

North of I-94 and U.S. Highway 10 – Fisher and pine marten trapping

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