What is the difference between a shrub and a bush?

Shrubs vs. Bushes – What’s the Difference?

This is a shrub, that is a bush. Have you ever been left scratching your head over the proper title for the plant that is sitting in your flowerbed? I think we’ve all been there. So let’s get a final verdict on what can cause an entry-level gardeners headache — what’s the difference between a shrub and a bush?

Well, actually nothing. The two terms are essentially synonyms. Let’s quickly turn to the dictionary for some clarity on the great plant debacle. Merriam-Webster defines –

Bush: A low densely branched shrub.

  • A close thicket of shrubs suggesting a single plant

Shrub: A low usually several-stemmed woody plant.

So if you take it at face value, a shrub and bush are interchangeable terms for a low lying woody plant with multiple stems. But let’s dig a little deeper into that definition, and what characterizes these plants.

So What are Shrubs and Bushes Then?

A shrub or bush is generally viewed as a woody plant that presents several perennial stems and does not eclipse 13 feet in height, with stems that are not greater than three inches in diameter.

Shrubs or bushes differ from trees in the aspect that besides being shorter in size, they have multiple root systems growing in the ground versus a single trunk. Shrubs also typically feature a rounded shape to them.

So now you may be thinking you’ve got the difference between shrubs and trees down, but what about hedges? Good question.

Hedges, which are normally used for aesthetic landscape design or to provide homeowner privacy, is just a tightly planted cluster of hedges or bushes.

View of a hedge hedge of a flower jasmine

(Tall shrubs planted closely together form a “hedge,” and help provide shade and privacy.)

Popular Shrubs and Bushes Planted in Missouri

As one of the most versatile plants that you can introduce to your garden, shrubs provide a multitude of benefits to both homeowners and the environment, making them a popular choice in Missouri. By placing a few strategically planted bushes on your property can produce:

  • Energy savings – Planting on the east or west side of your home, shrubs can block sun rays from further warming your home, and then allow the sun to hit the home in the fall months when the leaves have fallen off.
  • Improved Air Quality – Shrubs better air quality by being a natural filter to dust and pollutants within the environment.
  • Ecosystem Support – By fighting erosion and providing food and shade to animals and insects, shrubs help sustain a healthy ecosystem.
  • Reliable – Shrubs are sturdy and easy to grow. Homeowners love them because of the little maintenance they require to keep healthy.

Popular choices of shrubs within the state of Missouri include:

  • Japanese Boxwood – A simple, yet vibrant green shrub, the Japanese Boxwood is a common choice for low lying hedgerows (only reaching 3 feet tall) or playing as accent plants within your landscape.
  • Inkberry – A species of the evergreen holly, the inkberry shrubs are slow-growing and reach a total height between 5 to 8 feet tall. They require little attention and are a favorite choice of bees who pollinate the shrub. From the inkberry flowers, bees produce a sweet form of honey called gallberry honey, which is popular in the south.
  • Girard’s Rose – Girard’s Rose is a subspecies of evergreen azaleas and an eye-catching bush by any standard. With many flowering rounded blooms that feature a pink-red tone, these short standing shrubs (2 feet tall) make great centerpieces in any garden.
  • Worcester Gold – Getting its name from the gold, lance-shaped leaves it grows, this bush is resistant to most serious insect and disease problems. A reliable bush, the Worcester Gold is beloved for its lavender flowers that bloom in late summer and fall.
  • Diana – More commonly known as the “rose of Sharon”, this shrub can provide homeowners with plenty of shade and privacy as the bush reaches heights of 12 feet tall. Producing wide flowing white flowers, the Diana requires little maintenance and is known for being a favorite hangout for butterflies.

Need Shrubs for Your Home?

Whether you are needing old ugly shrubs and bushes removed, or are looking to find the perfect plants to fill your garden, Voss can help with our nursery services! Plant the perfect shrub (or bush) today. Contact us to get started on your next project!

What’s the Difference Between a Bush and a Shrub?

You learnt how to choose between trees and shrubs in our previous post. However, you are about to be let in on some secrets of the “bush” and a “shrub” in this one. Because while most people may be familiar with the names, many actually have no idea what the differences between the two plants are.

Has it got to do with size? Or is it about their flowers and fruit? Do they grow in different regions? Does one need more care than the other? Or is it simply a scientific term that has to do with their make up?

The truth is that there is actually very little to differentiate the two and in horticulture there is nothing that stands them apart. So, why is one called a bush and the other a shrub? Well, it seems to come down to where a person comes from (whether the locals use bush or shrub) and personal preference.

For example, when most people think of a bush, they think of wild plants growing on moors or forests; when it comes to shrubs they think of something a little bit more domesticated – something that definitely gets pruned. But then again, they would never refer to it as a rose shrub; so even that theory has flaws.

We think the most important thing to get right is the difference between a tree and a shrub/bush, as found on Mariam Webster, as this is much more distinguished.

Trees are described as a “woody plant having one erect perennial stem (trunk) at least three inches in diameter at a point 4-1/2 feet above the ground, a definitely formed crown of foliage, and a mature height of at least 13 feet.”

A shrub or bush is a “woody plant with several perennial stems that may be erect or may lay close to the ground. It will usually have a height less than 13 feet and stems no more than about three inches in diameter.”

Features Of A Bush

Bushes are not as tall as trees but because they tend to grow in the wild, or are not pruned regularly, they tend to be a bit taller than shrubs. Their leaves, however, are more likely to touch the ground due to lack of pruning. Like shrubs, bushes have more than one perennial stem and their undergrowth can be quite thick.

Features Of A Shrub

Shrubs, like bushes, are much shorter than trees , and because they are generally well kept or pruned, they are also generally shorter than what would be called a bush. Their well kempt appearance also means that there are very few leaves that touch the ground, and therefore they have fairly prominent stems/trunks that can be seen clearly due to the lack of lower foliage. Shrubs are usually pruned together to create hedges.

As you can see, there really is not much of a difference between a bush and a shrub in a scientific context. The difference between the two seems to rely on a combination of personal preference and location.

Bush vs Shrub

Bush and shrub are a group of small trees that are intertwined with each other. Bush and shrub are sometimes meant the same as both are trees that are small enough that it touches the ground. Generally, bush is a technical term for shrubs.

Features of Bush

Bush is thickets of small trees or a tree that is small enough to be considered a tree. Usually, a bush is referred to as a much stemmed plants with thinner undergrowth, very dense stem. In addition to that, bush does not grow as tall as a tree and is already mature even though its height is almost touching to the ground.

Features of Shrub

Shrub is a little woody plant similar to a tree but way smaller. It may have several stems or little branches that may be pointing to the sky or touching the ground. The height of a typical shrub is in the range of three to four meters high. Most often, shrubs have denser undergrowth and may have many stems coming out from its base.

What is the difference between Bush and Shrub?

Bush and shrub is almost the same in terms of the height and the thickness of the foliage. What sets it apart is that while the stems and leaves of a bush is usually almost touching the ground, a shrub is a little bit taller but not as tall as a fully grown tree. Also, shrubs have thicker foliage than that of a bush. A bush may be found in the wild, intertwining with other bushes or grasses while a shrub is generally taken cared of and is pruned. But this definition may be intertwined as some may say otherwise.

Whichever you may call this one, a bush or a shrub then it is surely a lovely addition to your garden. With proper care you can definitely make it as the center of attraction.

In brief:

• Bush is a tree of group of tress that is small enough as to touch the soil while a shrub is a little bit taller than a bush.

• Shrubs have thicker foliage than that of a bush.

• Bushes are almost seen in the wild while shrub is pruned and being taken cared of.

• Both are small trees that can be pruned and become as a wonderful addition to your garden.

( Oranges and Lemons Rose )

‘Oranges and Lemons’ is a hardy shrub rose producing rounded, fully double flowers with stiff, infolded, orange-yellow petals, striped red, fading to pinkish red with shiny, dark green leaves. Also sold in plant nurseries as ‘Macoranlem’ rose. In general, roses are a large group of flowering shrubs, most with showy flowers that are single-petalled to fully double petalled. Leaves are typically medium to dark green, glossy and ovate, with finely toothed edges. Vary in size from 1/2 inch to 6 inches, five petals to more than 30, and in nearly every color. Often the flowers are very fragrant. Most varieties grow on long canes that sometimes climb. Unfortunately, this favorite plant is quite susceptible to a variety of diseases and pests, many of which can be controlled with good cultural practices.

Important Info : Also sold in plant nurseries as ‘Macoranlem’ rose.

Google Plant Images:


Cultivar: Oranges And Lemons
Family: Rosaceae
Size: Height: 0 ft. to 2.67 ft.
Width: 0 ft. to 2 ft.
Plant Category: edibles, ground covers, perennials, shrubs,
Plant Characteristics: edible flowers,
Foliage Characteristics: deciduous,
Flower Characteristics: double, long lasting,
Flower Color: oranges, pinks, reds, yellows,
Tolerances: deer,


Bloomtime Range: Mid Spring to Mid Fall
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 to 9
AHS Heat Zone: 3 to 9
Light Range: Sun to Full Sun
pH Range: 4.5 to 8
Soil Range: Sandy Loam to Clay Loam
Water Range: Normal to Moist

Plant Care


How-to : Fertilization for Established Plants
Established plants can benefit from fertilization. Take a visual inventory of your landscape. Trees need to be fertilized every few years. Shrubs and other plants in the landscape can be fertilized yearly. A soil test can determine existing nutrient levels in the soil. If one or more nutrients is low, a specific instead of an all-purpose fertilizer may be required. Fertilizers that are high in N, nitrogen, will promote green leafy growth. Excess nitrogen in the soil can cause excessive vegetative growth on plants at the expense of flower bud development. It is best to avoid fertilizing late in the growing season. Applications made at that time can force lush, vegetative growth that will not have a chance to harden off before the onset of cold weather.


Conditions : Full Sun
Full Sun is defined as exposure to more than 6 hours of continuous, direct sun per day.


Conditions : Moist and Well Drained
Moist and well drained means exactly what it sounds like. Soil is moist without being soggy because the texture of the soil allows excess moisture to drain away. Most plants like about 1 inch of water per week. Amending your soil with compost will help improve texture and water holding or draining capacity. A 3 inch layer of mulch will help to maintain soil moisture and studies have shown that mulched plants grow faster than non-mulched plants.


How-to : Pruning Flowering Shrubs
It is necessary to prune your deciduous flowering shrub for two reasons: 1. By removing old, damaged or dead wood, you increase air flow, yielding in less disease. 2. You rejuvenate new growth which increases flower production.

Pruning deciduous shrubs can be divided into 4 groups: Those that require minimal pruning (take out only dead, diseased, damaged, or crossed branches, can be done in early spring.); spring pruning (encourages vigorous, new growth which produces summer flowers – in other words, flowers appear on new wood); summer pruning after flower (after flowering, cut back shoots, and take out some of the old growth, down to the ground); suckering habit pruning (flowers appear on wood from previous year. Cut back flowered stems by 1/2, to strong growing new shoots and remove 1/2 of the flowered stems a couple of inches from the ground) Always remove dead, damaged or diseased wood first, no matter what type of pruning you are doing.

Examples: Minimal: Amelanchier, Aronia, Chimonanthus, Clethra, Cornus alternifolia, Daphne, Fothergilla, Hamamelis, Poncirus, Viburnum. Spring: Abelia, Buddleia, Datura, Fuchsia, Hibiscus, Hypericum, Perovskia, Spirea douglasii/japonica, Tamarix. Summer after flower: Buddleia alternifolia, Calycanthus, Chaenomeles, Corylus, Cotoneaster, Deutzia, Forsythia, Magnolia x soulangeana/stellata, Philadelphus, Rhododendron sp., Ribes, Spirea x arguta/prunifolia/thunbergii, Syringa, Weigela. Suckering: Kerria
How-to : Planting Shrubs
Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball and deep enough to plant at the same level the shrub was in the container. If soil is poor, dig hole even wider and fill with a mixture half original soil and half compost or soil amendment.

Carefully remove shrub from container and gently separate roots. Position in center of hole, best side facing forward. Fill in with original soil or an amended mixture if needed as described above. For larger shrubs, build a water well. Finish by mulching and watering well.

If the plant is balled-and-burlapped, remove fasteners and fold back the top of natural burlap, tucking it down into hole, after you’ve positioned shrub. Make sure that all burlap is buried so that it won’t wick water away from rootball during hot, dry periods. If synthetic burlap, remove if possible. If not possible, cut away or make slits to allow for roots to develop into the new soil. For larger shrubs, build a water well. Finish by mulching and watering well.

If shrub is bare-root, look for a discoloration somewhere near the base; this mark is likely where the soil line was. If soil is too sandy or too clayey, add organic matter. This will help with both drainage and water holding capacity. Fill soil, firming just enough to support shrub. Finish by mulching and watering well.
How-to : Planting Roses
Plant roses where they will receive full sun (at least 6 hours) and ample moisture and nutrients. Allow adequate spacing (3 to 6 feet apart depending on the climate) as good air circulation will inhibit foliar diseases. Before planting, soak bare root plants in water for several hours to ensure they are well hydrated. Select a soil site that is well drained. For clay soils amend the soil with organic matter or prepare raised beds. Dig a planting hole big enough to spread out the roots completely, once the center of plant has been set atop a mound. Fill hole with water before planting. Remove broken canes or roots and plant the bush so that the graft union (swollen knob from which the canes grow) is just above the soil level. Fill hole with amended soil and water well. Mound rich soil over the graft union to protect it from the sun. Remove this once leaves have appeared. Container grown roses can be planted almost anytime of year and would be done just as if planting a shrub.
How-to : Planting Perennials
Determine appropriate perennials for your garden by considering sun and shade through the day, exposure, water requirements, climate, soil makeup, seasonal color desired, and position of other garden plants and trees.

The best times to plant are spring and fall, when soil is workable and out of danger of frost. Fall plantings have the advantage that roots can develop and not have to compete with developing top growth as in the spring. Spring is more desirable for perennials that dislike wet conditions or for colder areas, allowing full establishment before first winter. Planting in summer or winter is not advisable for most plants, unless planting a more established sized plant.

To plant container-grown plants: Prepare planting holes with appropriate depth and space between. Water the plant thoroughly and let the excess water drain before carefully removing from the container. Carefully loosen the root ball and place the plant in the hole, working soil around the roots as you fill. If the plant is extremely root bound, separate roots with fingers. A few slits made with a pocket knife are okay, but should be kept to a minimum. Continue filling in soil and water thoroughly, protecting from direct sun until stable.

To plant bare-root plants: Plant as soon as possible after purchase. Prepare suitable planting holes, spread roots and work soil among roots as you fill in. Water well and protect from direct sun until stable.

To plant seedlings: A number of perennials produce self-sown seedlings that can be transplanted. You may also start your own seedling bed for transplanting. Prepare suitable planting holes, spacing appropriately for plant development. Gently lift the seedling and as much surrounding soil as possible with your garden trowel, and replant it immediately, firming soil with fingertips and water well. Shade from direct sun and water regularly until stable.


Pest : Thrips
Thrips are small, winged insects that attack many types of plants and thrive in hot, dry conditions (like heated houses). They can multiply quickly as a female can lay up to 300 eggs in a life span of 45 days without mating. Most of the damage to plants is caused by the young larvae which feed on tender leaf and flower tissue. This leads to distorted growth, injured flower petals and premature flower drop. Thrips also can transmit many harmful plant viruses.

Prevention and Control: keep weeds down and use screening on windows to keep them out. Remove or discard infested plants, keep them away from non-infested plants. Trap with yellow sticky cards or take advantage of natural enemies such as predatory mites. Sometimes a good steady shower of water will wash them off the plant. Consult your local garden center professional or county Cooperative extension office for legal chemical recommendations.
Pest : Spider Mites
Spider mites are small, 8 legged, spider-like creatures which thrive in hot, dry conditions (like heated houses). Spider mites feed with piercing mouth parts, which cause plants to appear yellow and stippled. Leaf drop and plant death can occur with heavy infestations. Spider mites can multiply quickly, as a female can lay up to 200 eggs in a life span of 30 days. They also produce a web which can cover infested leaves and flowers.

Prevention and Control: Keep weeds down and remove infested plants. Dry air seems to worsen the problem, so make sure plants are regularly watered, especially those preferring high humidity such as tropicals, citrus, or tomatoes. Always check new plants prior to bringing them home from the garden center or nursery. Take advantage of natural enemies such as ladybug larvae. If a miticide is recommended by your local garden center professional or county Cooperative Extension office, read and follow all label directions. Concentrate your efforts on the undersides of the leaves as that is where spider mites generally live.
Pest : Whiteflies
Whiteflies are small, winged insects that look like tiny moths, which attack many types of plants. The flying adult stage prefers the underside of leaves to feed and breed. Whiteflies can multiply quickly as a female can lay up to 500 eggs in a life span of 2 months. If a plant is infested with whiteflies, you will see a cloud of fleeing insects when the plant is disturbed. Whiteflies can weaken a plant, eventually leading to plant death if they are not checked. They can transmit many harmful plant viruses. They also produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface fungal growth called sooty mold.

Possible controls: keep weeds down; use screening in windows to keep them out; remove infested plants away from non-infested plants; use a reflective mulch (aluminum foil) under plants (this repels whiteflies); trap with yellow sticky cards, apply labeled pesticides; encourage natural enemies such as parasitic wasps in the garden; and sometimes a good steady shower of water will wash them off the plant.
Pest : Aphids
Aphids are small, soft-bodied, slow-moving insects that suck fluids from plants. Aphids come in many colors, ranging from green to brown to black, and they may have wings. They attack a wide range of plant species causing stunting, deformed leaves and buds. They can transmit harmful plant viruses with their piercing/sucking mouthparts. Aphids, generally, are merely a nuisance, since it takes many of them to cause serious plant damage. However aphids do produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface growth called sooty mold.

Aphids can increase quickly in numbers and each female can produce up to 250 live nymphs in the course of a month without mating. Aphids often appear when the environment changes – spring & fall. They’re often massed at the tips of branches feeding on succulent tissue. Aphids are attracted to the color yellow and will often hitchhike on yellow clothing.

Prevention and Control: Keep weeds to an absolute minimum, especially around desirable plants. On edibles, wash off infected area of plant. Lady bugs and lacewings will feed on aphids in the garden. There are various products – organic and inorganic – that can be used to control aphids. Seek the recommendation of a professional and follow all label procedures to a tee.
Fungi : Powdery Mildew
Powdery Mildew is usually found on plants that do not have enough air circulation or adequate light. Problems are worse where nights are cool and days are warm and humid. The powdery white or gray fungus is usually found on the upper surface of leaves or fruit. Leaves will often turn yellow or brown, curl up, and drop off. New foliage emerges crinkled and distorted. Fruit will be dwarfed and often drops early.

Prevention and Control: Plant resistant varieties and space plants properly so they receive adequate light and air circulation. Always water from below, keeping water off the foliage. This is paramount for roses. Go easy on the nitrogen fertilizer. Apply fungicides according to label directions before problem becomes severe and follow directions exactly, not missing any required treatments. Sanitation is a must – clean up and remove all leaves, flowers, or debris in the fall and destroy.
Pest : Caterpillars
Caterpillars are the immature form of moths and butterflies. They are voracious feeders attacking a wide variety of plants. They can be highly destructive and are characterized as leaf feeders, stem borers, leaf rollers, cutworms and tent-formers.

Prevention and Control: keep weeds down, scout individual plants and remove caterpillars, apply labeled insecticides such as soaps and oils, take advantage of natural enemies such as parasitic wasps in the garden and use Bacillus thuringiensis (biological warfare) for some caterpillar species.
Fungi : Black Spot
A known rose disease, Black Spot appears on young leaves as irregular black circles, often having a yellow halo. Circles or spore colonies may grow to 1/2 inch in diameter. Leaves will turn yellow and drop off, only to produce more leaves that will follow the same pattern. Roses may not make it through the winter if black spot is severe. The fungus will also affect the size and quality of flowers.

Prevention and Control:Plant resistant varieties for your area. Always water from the ground, never overhead. Practice good sanitation – clean up and destroy debris, especially around plants that have had a problem. When pruning roses, even deadheading, dip pruners in a bleach / water solution after each cut. If a plant seems to have chronic black spot, remove it. A 2-3 inch thick layer of mulch at the base of plant reduces splashing. Do not wait until black spot is a huge problem to control! Start early. Spray with a fungicide labeled for black spot on roses.
Pest : Scale Insects
Scales are insects, related to mealy bugs, that can be a problem on a wide variety of plants – indoor and outdoor. Young scales crawl until they find a good feeding site. The adult females then lose their legs and remain on a spot protected by its hard shell layer. They appear as bumps, often on the lower sides of leaves. They have piercing mouth parts that suck the sap out of plant tissue. Scales can weaken a plant leading to yellow foliage and leaf drop. They also produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface fungal growth called sooty mold.

Prevention and Control: Once established they are hard to control. Isolate infested plants away from those that are not infested. Consult your local garden center professional or Cooperative Extension office in your county for a legal recommendation regarding their control. Encourage natural enemies such as parasitic wasps in the garden.
Diseases : Blight
Blights are cause by fungi or bacteria that kill plant tissue. Symptoms often show up as the rapid spotting or wilting of foliage. There are many different blights, specific to various plants, each requiring a varied method of control.


Conditions : Deer Tolerant
There are no plants that are 100% deer resistant, but many that are deer tolerant. There are plants that deer prefer over others. You will find that what deer will or will not eat varies in different parts of the country. A lot of it has to do with how hungry they are. Most deer will sample everything at least once, decide if they like it or not and return if favorable. A fence is the good deer barrier. You may go for a really tall one (7 to 8 feet), or try 2 parallel fences, (4 to 5 feet apart). Use a wire mesh fence rather than board, since deer are capable of wiggling through a 12 inch space.
How-to : Cut Flowers
Flowers suitable for cutting maintain their form for several days when properly conditioned and placed in water or soaked oasis. A cut flower should have a fairly strong, long stem, making it easy to work with in arrangements. There are many short stem flowers that make good cut flowers too, but they look best when floated in a bowl or clustered and placed in a juice glass size vase.

For best results, always cut flowers early in the morning, preferably before dew has had a chance to dry. Always make cuts with a sharp knife or pruners and plunge flowers or foliage into a bucket of water. Store in a cool place until you are ready to work with them, this will keep flowers from opening. Always re-cut stems and change water frequently. Washing vases or containers to rid of existing bacteria helps increase their life, as well.
Edibles : Edible Flowers
Some flowers are edible or have edible portions that are not only beautiful, but nutritious and tasty. Buds, flowers, leaves, stems, and roots are selected from designated edible varieties. Plant as you would a regular flower, but use only organic practices. If you are not a total organic gardener, separate growing areas should be used for the growing of edible flowers.

When portions of edible flowers are desired, pull petals or edible portions from fresh flowers and snip off the petals from the base of the flower. Remember to always wash flowers thoroughly making certain any residue or dirt has been removed. Give them a gentle bath in water and then dip the petals in ice water to perk them up. Drain on paper towels. Petals and whole flowers may be stored for a short time in plastic bags in refrigeration. Freeze whole small flowers in ice rings or cubes. Make sure you know what the flower is before you eat it; have an accurate identification done.
Glossary : Mass Planting
Mass is one of the elements of design and relates directly to balance. Mass planting is defined as the grouping of three or more of the same type of plants in one area. When massing plants, keep in mind what visual effect they will have. Small properties require smaller masses where larger properties can handle larger masses or sweeps of plants.
Glossary : Deciduous
Deciduous refers to those plants that lose their leaves or needles at the end of the growing season.
Glossary : Perennial
Perennial: traditionally a non-woody plant that lives for two or more growing seasons.
Glossary : Shrub
Shrub: is a deciduous or evergreen woody perennial that has multiple branches that form near its base.
Glossary : Fragrant
Fragrant: having fragrance.
Glossary : Plant Characteristics
Plant characteristics define the plant, enabling a search that finds specific types of plants such as bulbs, trees, shrubs, grass, perennials, etc.
Glossary : Flower Characteristics
Flower characteristics can vary greatly and may help you decide on a “”look or feel”” for your garden. If you’re looking for fragrance or large, showy flowers, click these boxes and possibilities that fit your cultural conditions will be shown. If you have no preference, leave boxes unchecked to return a greater number of possibilities.
Glossary : Edibles
An edible is a plant that has a part or all of it that can be safely consumed in some way.
How-to : Getting the Most Out of Cut Flowers
Cut flowers bring the garden into your home. While some cut flowers have a long vase life, most are highly perishable. How cut flowers are treated when you first bring them home can significantly increase how long they last.

The most important thing to consider is getting sufficient water taken up into the cut stem. Insufficient water can result in wilting and short-lived flowers. Bent neck of roses, where the flower head droops, is the result of poor water uptake. To maximize water uptake, first re-cut the stems at an angle so that the vascular system (the “”plumbing”” of the stem) is clear. Next immerse the cut stems in warm water.

Remember when the flower is cut, it is cut off from its food supply. Once water is taken care of, food is the resource that will run out next. The plants stems naturally feed the flowers with sugars. If you add a bit of sugar (1 tsp.) to the vase water, this will help feed the flower stems and extend their vase life.

Bacteria will build up in vase water and eventually clog up the stem so the flower cannot take up water. To prevent this, change the vase water frequently and make a new cut in the stems every few days.

Floral preservatives, available from florists, contain sugars, acids and bacteriacides that can extend cut flower life. These come in small packets and are generally available where cut flowers are sold. If used properly, these can extend the vase life of some cut flowers 2 to 3 times when compared with just plain water in the vase.
How-to : Winter Protection for Roses
F. Start off by keeping your plants healthy and vigorous going into the winter – continue to water them properly until the ground freezes. Stop feeding at least 6 weeks before the first frost date as this is the time to start hardening off the plants for the winter. In really cold climates, after a couple of hard freezes, mound soil or heavy mulch 1 foot over the base of plant to protect the graft union. Cut back long canes to 4 foot lengths and bind them together to prevent injury in the winter. Remove soil mounds after all danger of hard frost has passed in the spring.

In milder climates, this process is not necessary, but a good layer of mulch and continued watering up to frost and periodically through winter is a good idea. The best time to prune no matter where you live is at the end of the dormant season, when buds are beginning to swell.
Glossary : Viruses
Viruses, which are smaller than bacteria, are not living and do not replicate on their own. They must rely on the cellular mechanisms of their hosts to replicate. Because this greatly disrupts the cell’s functionality, outward signs of a viral infection result in a plant disease with symptoms such as abnormal or stunted growth, damaged fruit, discolorations or spots.

Prevention and Control: Keep virus carriers such as aphids, leafhoppers, and thrips under control. These plant feeding insects spread viruses. Viruses can also be introduced by infected pollen or through plant openings (as when pruning). Begin by keeping the pathogen out of your garden. New plants should be checked, as well as tools and existing plants. Use only certified seed that is deemed disease-free. Plant only resistant varieties and create a discouraging environment by rotating crops, not planting closely related plants in the same area every year.
Glossary : Growth Buds
Plant stems contain numerous buds that will grow and renew a plant when stimulated by pruning. There are three basic types of buds: terminal, lateral and dormant. Terminal buds are at the tips of twigs or branches. They grow to make the branch or twig longer. In some cases they may give rise to a flower. If you cut the tip of a branch and remove the terminal bud, this will encourage the lateral buds to grow into side branches resulting in a thicker, bushier plant. Lateral buds are lower down on the twig and are often at the point of leaf attachment. Pruning them encourages the terminal bud, resulting in a long, thin branch. Dormant buds may remain inactive in the bark or stem and will only grow after the plant is cut back.
Glossary : Ground Cover
Aground cover is any low growing plant that is planted in a mass to cover the ground. Shrubs, vines, perennials, and annuals can all be considered ground covers if they are grouped in this fashion. Ground covers can beautify an area, help reduce soil erosion, and the need to weed.
Glossary : Fertilize
Fertilize just before new growth begins with a complete fertilizer.
Glossary : Pruning
Now is the preferred time to prune this plant.

Look at a rose bred by David Austin and you may assume it has been wreathing cottage doorways and filling vases since time immemorial. And yet Austin’s blooms, known as English roses, burst on to the scene only in the 1960s. Over many decades, he learned to cross the beauty and fragrance of the genuinely old rose species – the musks and the gallicas – with the disease-resistance and repeat flowering of roses bred in the modern age.

At first, nurseries would not sell them – they were seen as old-fashioned – but Austin persisted, breeding more than 200 new varieties in the past few decades. In the process, he slowly but surely changed horticulture’s obsession with the stiff, scentless formality of the hybrid tea rose, embracing instead the softer, scented pastel shades that are now his signature style.

David Austin in his rose garden. Photograph: Lynn Keddie/The Guardian

Austin has been less committed to his own back garden, however. For years, the private plot behind his Queen Anne house at the heart of his rose nursery in Shropshire was the domain of his wife, Pat, a sculptor who liked to let nature take charge. And so it had few roses: Austin, known to his staff as Mr A, was – and still is – more interested in breeding roses than in gardening with them.

Since Pat’s death in 2007, the garden has undergone a transformation. It is still home to several of her sculptures, but is filled with Austin’s own roses, from pure white ‘Tranquillity’, through rich yellow ‘The Poet’s Wife’, to the deep crimson ‘Munstead Wood’.

Pat Austin’s sculpture. Photograph: Lynn Keddie/The Guardian

The garden brilliantly illustrates the many ways in which roses can be incorporated into a design. The centrepiece is a matching pair of rose beds, with a stone figure sculpted by Pat striding in the direction of the house on the grass path between them. “She was based on a lady we saw in Greece, with a basket of little ducklings on her head,” Austin says. The beds are packed with roses grown en masse for an exuberant display. Choose the most vigorous and disease-resistant varieties with a more compact form, such as the apricot blooms of ‘The Lady Gardener’, mid-pink ‘The Ancient Mariner’ and soft pink ‘Queen of Sweden’. Austin advises planting varieties in groups of three or more so they grow together and give the impression of one shrub, avoiding a patchy look to the display.

The beds are framed by a stilted hedge that offers privacy but still allows views to the moat to one side through the bare, twisted trunks of hornbeam (Carpinus betulus).

Rosa ‘The Lark Ascending’. Photograph: Lynn Keddie/The Guardian

Between the rose beds and house is a formal area framed by lawn and a yew hedge; the beds are planted with herbaceous perennials in shades of peach, blue and dark purple, sourced from Austin’s daughter Claire’s nursery. Here, roses make happy bedfellows with alliums, heucheras, geums, sedums, astrantias, geraniums and salvias – clumping or spreading plants that act as skirts for the “bare legs” of the shrubs. They offer different shapes and textures, such as the spires of deep pink lupins and flowering lambs’ ears (Stachys byzantina) foregrounding the soft sprays of pale pink rose ‘Wildeve’; while the purple, spiky globes of Allium cristophii brush up against the buttery yellow of the rose ‘Charlotte’.

On the other side of the house, lollipop-like standard roses ‘Anne Boleyn’ and ‘Graham Thomas’ stand sentinel beside a circular pond. While standards have fallen out of favour among gardeners, Austin shows how they can be employed as focal points to frame an important view in the garden and add height.

Rosa ‘Lady Emma Hamilton’ with Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’. Photograph: Lynn Keddie/The Guardian

At 92, Austin is still involved in the rose business, meeting every morning with his breeder Carl Bennett to discuss progress. The breeding programme continues apace. Nearly 60 years after his first rose, ‘Constance Spry’, made its debut, three new Austin roses were launched at the Chelsea flower show. Each took a decade or so to develop, from pollinating the parent plant to it finally going on sale to the public: ‘Tottering-By-Gently’ is a buttery yellow single rose that is great for bees and has particularly good hips; ‘The Mill on the Floss’ is a mid-pink deeply cupped bloom; and ‘Emily Brontë’ is a variety with neat pale pink and apricot flowers.

For every rose that makes it into garden centres, about 120,000 will have been raised and rejected. Austin is still looking to the future – he wants to find good, disease-resistant deep crimsons and purple roses, for example.

“Every day, I marvel at my good fortune to have been able to make a life out of breeding roses,” Austin has said. Visiting his garden, it’s easy to see what he means.

Six of the best David Austin roses

‘Sir Walter Scott’ This soft pink shrub grows to 80 x 80cm. Strong old rose scent and small double flowers.

‘Desdemona’ The scent has ‘hints of almond blossom, cucumber and lemon zest’. Pink buds open to double white flowers. 80 x 80cm.

‘The Generous Gardener’ One of Austin’s best-loved, with musky fragrance and pale pink double blooms. A climber, to 4.5 metres tall.

‘Dame Judi Dench’ Grows in partial shade, with large apricot-orange double-ruffled blooms. 120 x 120cm.

‘Malvern Hills’ Rambling rose with pastel yellow flowers Grows to 4.5m.

‘Scarborough Fair’ The blooms of this pale pink are semi-double, and attractive to bees. 110cm x 90cm and disease-resistant enough to make a good rose hedge.

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Top 25 Most Beautiful Red Roses Arshi Ahmed Hyderabd040-395603080 March 28, 2019

Roses are a perennial shrub that comes in over 100 species and in a variety of colors. Rose shrubs are possibly the most popular flowering plant used in the floristry because of its versatility, beauty and fragrance. Roses, with their unique combination of thorny stems and fragrant blossoms, are often prized as a symbol of achievement, completion and perfection. Some of them are closely packed petals while some have loose leaves. A traditional rose is usually dark red in color with a long thorny stem. They bloom in a number of varieties, from climbing roses to tiny miniature version of roses.

A red rose symbolizes youthful love and beauty. Red roses are the perfect gift to those who you want to convey love, passion and respect. Red roses are also believed to symbolize bravery and a wish of joy. The colors of red roses range from bright red, blackish red to deep burgundy, each shade carrying significance with itself. Bright red means love, burgundy means unconscious love while dark crimson rose symbolizes mourning. Not just the colour, but the quantity also carries a meaning with itself. A single red rose symbolizes love while a dozen shows gratitude. 25 red roses signify congratulation while 50 signifies unconditional love.

1. Darcey Rose:

Darcey is a highly acclaimed rose and is believed to be one of the best and the healthiest roses that have been bred till date. The beautiful red rose opens to reveal all the petals hidden within the bud. It continues to open up until a beautiful cluster of gold stamens at the heart of the rose shows out. When young, the outer petals form a perfect ring around an inner cup to form a perfect rosette. Darcey rose is the brightest red colour in the bud and opens to a raspberry red colour and then develops rich purple tone as it ages. The flower has a light fruity scent. This flower is the best choice for weddings, anniversaries and Valentine’s Day.

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2. Chrysler Imperial Rose:

This is one of the most regal and magnificent looking roses. It has a large light red buds that open to a beautiful deep, velvety petaled bloom. The flower has a thick, thorn less stem with dark green leaves. This flower is sure to capture the onlooker’s heart. This dark green hybrid tea rose has a pleasing strong smell. The flower blooms from late spring to fall. This long stemmed flower is long lasting and makes excellent cut flowers.

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3. Adrenalin:

Adrenalin rose is a perfect example of how stunning and beautiful a rose can be. It is a gorgeous velvet red rose on a long thorn less stem and deep green foliage. The flower maintains its magnificent form while opening slowly. This rose can make any flower decoration and bouquet look beautiful.

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4. Amalia:

Amalia is a short growing Alba rose of the red rose flowers which produces a dark red double bloom rose. The bud opens to a classic cup shaped bloom. The flower has golden stamen in small clusters. The foliage is grey green in colour with medium dark green leaves. The flower has a magnificent smell to it and is very fragrant. The plant is quite susceptible to variety of diseases and pest so you must take good care of it. The flower would look terrific on wedding bouquet, table centerpiece and flower arrangement.

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5. Eternity Red Rose:

Eternity red rose is a brilliant bold red rose that is exquisitely modeled in the classic rose shape. It has lush green foliage which beautifully accents the firebrick red petals. This flower blooms every year from summer to spring. It smells very sweet, just like regular red roses. The flower is sure to attract attention of the onlookers. It would look amazing to bouquets combined with white and pink roses and wedding flower decoration

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6. Samourai Rose:

Samourai is a large red rose with velvety texture and semi matte green foliage surrounded by dark green leaves. The shapely oval buds open to a large double bloom flower. The flower is thorn less, so is very appropriate for cut flower arrangement. It has a very mild fragrance which is not much noticeable. The flower has a very good disease and pest resistance.

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7. Tamingo Follies:

Tamingo follies are deep red spray roses with intense rich colour. This flower is surely the standout rose for any occasion. It has a large head that opens to a captivating cup shaped bloom. The flower has numerous bright red petals with attractive matte green foliage. It has a spicy smell which is quite different from other flowers. The flower blooms throughout the year.

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8. Red Meidiland:

Red Meidiland rose is a pretty flower covered by small dense leaves and glossy dark green foliage. It is a low growing shrub with a creeping habit that is grown on a ground cover. This shrub produces a cluster of single roses with white centers and yellow stamens. The flower has no fragrance at all, unlike other rose flowers which are prized for their scent. The flower blooms throughout the season and is resistant to diseases and black spots.

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9. Easy Elegance Kashmir Rose:

These are soft velvety red blooms. The soft cashmere petals of this rose mature to a breathtaking rich hybrid tea bloom. The flower has velvety soft green foliage with small green leaves. This flower shrub requires low maintenance as compared to other roses.

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10. George Vancouver:

George Vancouver Rose is a shrub that bears an extraordinary number of flowers that bloom in clusters along a rich green foliage. The bloom begins as buds and open to a fuchsia red when fully unfurl. The shrub is very hardy and healthy and has good disease resistant foliage. The shrub is a vigorous climber and can climb to unimaginable height if you let it to. It is moderately fragrant and has a sweet smell to it.

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11. Morden Fireglow:

Morden Fireglow is a low growing parkland series rose that has elegant pointed buds with beautiful cupped flowers. The flower grows in clusters in fiery orange red petals with a brilliant scarlet reverse. Since it is a hybrid rose, the spectacular colour was achieved through careful laboratory selection of flower pigments. The flower has a medium glossy leaves with seven leaflets, resistant to mildew. The flower was also honored with the Canadian Rose Society’s Outstanding Cultivar award.

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12. Super Hero Rose:

This beautiful long bloomer flower red rose was introduced in the spring of 2008. The flower is borne from wonderful clusters of perfect hybrid tea shaped blooms that stand out beautifully against medium to dark green foliage. The flower is highly disease resistant and is a great choice for foundation planting. The super hero rose blooms throughout the season and is easy to grow and disease resistant.

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13. Morden Ruby:

Morden Ruby is a dazzling Parkland series rose that arrives in early summer and recurs until season’s end. This long lasting flower is deep pink and ruby red with a distinctive splash of deep red. These 3 inches wide bloom are borne in small clusters with dark green, shiny foliage. This beautiful and unique rose has a mild fragrance and is more suited for gardening.

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14. Dublin Bay:

Dublin Bay is a hardy climbing rose which is even a distant relative of ‘New Dawn’, a lovely pink rose. It is a true red rose unlike the washed out varieties. The flower has a mild perfume which is very soothing. The flower, unlike other red roses is not prone to discoloration and black spots on the petals. The flower blooms in spring and lasts till early December.

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15. Champlain Rose:

This is a beautiful dark velvety red blooms. This flower is classified as a Kordessi rose. It features cherry red blossoms that bloom during summer and fall. This flower was developed in Canada and is noted for its hardiness and disease resistant blooms. The flower has dark green foliage and looks a lot like carnation flowers. It has yellow eyes at the end of the stamens and is mildly scented. The flower blooms from early spring to late summer.

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16. Red Double Knock out Rose:

Double knock out rose is a prolific blooming, double red rose. The flower blooms in vibrant red colour and fades to reddish orange by autumn. The leaves are bright green in color and turns soft burgundy in color by autumn. The flower has an outstanding resistance to black spots and mild dew and does not require extensive care. You just need to feed them once a month and they will be healthy all time long. The flower blooms in summer and is highly fragrant.

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17. Quadra:

Quadra rose is a deep red flower that is borne in clusters up to four. This large flower has curvy inner petals like heirloom roses. The flowers fade to a deep pink as they mature. The foliage emerges as an attractive red and then turns to dark green. The flower is resistance to black spots and diseases. This 6 feet tall climber blooms extensively throughout the year.

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18. Hope for Humanity Rose:

This is a deep wide red bud that opens to a cupped flower in light blood colour. The flower blooms through the summer until the frost. The rose bloom in large clusters with high center and resembles small hybrid tea rose. It has glossy green foliage with dark green leaves.

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19. Adelaide Hoodless Rose:

This is a bright red to deep reddish flower that grows in clusters of up to 35 meters. The flower is lightly scented but still smells heavenly. The flower exhibits glossy, mildew resistant foliage. The flower has a short shelf life and dies in winter.

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20. Blaze:

Blaze is a low maintenance flower that blooms continuously throughout the year. It is a climbing rose which is bright red in colour. The blossoms are semi double with approximately 25 petals and are borne in clusters. The foliage is of a forest green colour with a slightly leather like texture. The flower has a mild fragrance. The flower literally covers the entire shrub and looks like a blaze of colour, living up to its name.

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21. Sympathy Rose:

These bright red flowers can really define any garden or flower decoration. The flower has large red blooms that can bloom to 6 inches in diameter. The flower blooms every year in June until summer. It has lengthy canes, making it an amazing climber that can grow up to 10 feet. The flower has a rich, strong smell and is often used in the perfumery industry. The flower has thorn so it is not a good option for cut flowers arrangement. It is quite susceptible to diseases and pest, thus require high maintenance and care.

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22. Rosa Altissimo:

Altissimo is a striking climber rose that produces bright red blooms. The flower is large with around 5 inches of diameter. The flower has striking golden stamens with dark green leaves and matte green foliage. The flower is disease resistant but is often accustomed to black spots.

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23. Grootendorst:

Grootendorst is a beautiful rose which is mainly grown in cold climates. This flower is native to North America. It is a bright red flower with yellow eyes at the end of the stems. It has large clusters of small red pompom blossoms. The flower has emerald green foliage and is grown throughout the year. It has plenty of thorns and is not suitable for cut flower arrangement. The flower has a very pleasant smell, perhaps the best of all the red roses.

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24. Loving memory:

Loving memory is a hybrid tea rose which was bred by Kordes in 1981. It is a descendant of red planet roses. The flower is rich red in colour and comes with glossy green foliage. The drawback with this flower is that it is quite susceptible to hard frost so it cannot grow in harsh climatic regions. The flower is disease resistant and blooms throughout the season.

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25. Chevy Chase:

Chevy Chase is a very vigorous climbing rose that blooms profusely during summer. The flower was first bred in 1939. The flower isn’t true red in colour and has a hint a fuchsia pink. The smell is quite mild.

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Hope you liked these pictures of red roses. Have you decided which ones your going to buy or plant next? Please do leave us a comment.

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Arshi Ahmed

I’m Arshi who loves makeup, fashion and cars. Writing is my comfort!!! I love learning new languages. Gardening and cooking are my passions. I love to write articles which would simplify people’s life.I go crazy when it rains and find fun in getting drenced. Life to me is a cup of coffee you need to blend all the ingradients in right proportions, Hope my posts are helpful!!! stay positive and keep smiling !!

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