What does a pepper tree look like?

Pink Peppercorns: A Gourmet Spice Growing in the Backyard

Pink peppercorns are often thought of as a gourmet spice, packaged in small, expensive jars and called for in fancy cookbooks.

But in Southern California and other parts of the country, bucketfuls of the vibrant berries litter the ground all fall and winter, sometimes considered a nuisance by the gardener who has to rake them all up.

It almost seems like a food crime to let heaps of peppercorns lay forgotten when just a few miles away, they command upwards of $10 an ounce at specialty spice shops — and here in a suburban backyard, they’re free for the taking.

The classic pink peppercorn comes from the Peruvian pepper tree (Schinus molle), also called the California pepper tree.

It grows wild in warm climates like Southern California, and throughout the central and southern regions of the United States, including Southern Arizona, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. It’s become widely naturalized around the world, where it’s valued for its strong wood and dried berries, as well as shunned for its invasiveness (especially in the grasslands of Australia and South Africa).

Peruvian pepper trees are not to be confused with Brazilian pepper trees (Schinus terebinthifolius), which have similar berries but rounder and wider leaves. Though they are different species, the dried berries of both trees can be found in commercial peppercorn blends, and are labeled interchangeably as “pink peppercorns” or “red peppercorns.”

The pink pepper tree featured here belongs to a friend and reaches over 30 feet in height — towering above his two-story home in Long Beach, California. Its drooping growth habit reminds me a lot of weeping willow, with evergreen branches that dangle with clusters of pink berries.

The berries are known as drupes, or fruits that bear a single seed. The hard, woody seed (wrapped inside a papery pink husk) is the “peppercorn,” though Peruvian pepper is not an actual pepper at all. It has no relation to the green, black, or white peppercorn berries (Piper nigrum, or true pepper) grown throughout Asia.

The Peruvian pepper tree belongs to Anacardiaceae, otherwise known as the cashew family, a group that also includes poison sumac, poison oak, and poison ivy.

Pink pepper’s connection to this notorious family means it earned a bad rap in the 1980s for being a potentially toxic plant. Brazilian pink pepper, in particular, was once banned from importation after the Food and Drug Administration received reports of consumers having adverse reactions to the berries.

It enjoyed a brief moment in the culinary spotlight when it was introduced in 1980, hailed as an emblem of French nouvelle cuisine. But researchers soon began documenting cases of human toxicity including “violent headaches, swollen eyelids, shortness of breath, chest pains, sore throat, hoarseness, upset stomach, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids,” symptoms that are consistent of those with poison ivy reactions, according to this 1982 article by The New York Times.

The French government protested the FDA ban, insisting that pink peppercorns grown and imported from the island of Réunion, near Madagascar, were non-toxic due to the trees growing on different soil under different conditions.

With uncertainty on whether or not they’d poison their customers, chefs stopped cooking with pink peppercorns, markets stopped selling them, and the once-trendy spice fell out of public favor by 1983.

The French eventually submitted research that proved their Brazilian pink peppercorns were non-toxic, and the FDA dropped its ban. Rainbow peppercorn blends gradually made their way into shops and kitchens again, with few answers to explain the spate of severe reactions that were previously documented.

Today, it’s believed that allergic reactions are limited to people who are allergic to tree nuts (since pink pepper trees come from the cashew family) or those who are sensitive to the sap of poison ivy.

What’s not known is how much of the spice one has to ingest in order to experience any ill effects. Most people don’t chew on handfuls of pink peppercorns at a time, so with the tiny amounts used in cooking, it’s unlikely to cause reactions in those without serious allergies to related plants.

In addition, there have been no documented cases of people experiencing reactions to Peruvian pink pepper. It’s widely enjoyed these days in all types of cuisine, whether the peppercorns are purchased from a store or foraged from a tree.

Peruvian peppercorns have a subtle aroma that you’ll also smell in the leaves and flowers.

In spring and summer, tiny, delicate flowers dot the branches and give off a peppery scent.

In fall and winter, the flowers give way to reddish-pink berries that are ripe for harvest. Harvesting is as simple as collecting a few clusters and laying them out to dry. (Check out this post about one of my peppercorn harvests.)

Because of their delicate, paper-thin skins (which tend to get stuck in a traditional pepper grinder), I like to grind my pink peppercorns with a mortar and pestle, or crush them with the flat side of a heavy knife to release their oils.

I don’t blend them with black and green pepper (the way you typically see pink peppercorns sold in the store), as I feel true pepper overpowers them. They have a fruity and slightly spicy profile (like mild chile peppers) that complements seafood, salads, curries, cheese, chocolate, or popcorn.

Do you have a pink pepper tree growing in your yard? Or do you live in an area where pink pepper trees grow in abundance? Please share where you’ve seen them!

This post updated from an article that originally appeared on December 2, 2014.

Could It Be A Brazilian Pepper-Tree?

As an educator I shouldn’t do this, but I’m going to assume most of you have heard about or are familiar with the Brazilian Pepper-Tree (Schinus terebinthifolius). This plant has a super bad reputation because of its very invasive nature. it’s known for shading out and displacing native plants and animals. The Brazilian pepper-tree was originally brought in as an ornamental for its bright red berries and vibrant green foliage. But the plant we once adored, we now…well…don’t. I’m not here to hate on Brazilian Pepper-trees though. Instead I want to ensure we aren’t confusing these plants with a similar looking plant called the winged sumac (Rhus copallinum).

Brazilian pepper-tree (Schinus terebinthifolius) in fruit.

Winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) in fruit.

If you’re trying to keep your yard free of invasive species and support our native plants, it’s important to know how to tell a winged sumac from a Brazilian pepper-tree. Both plants produce a cluster of beautiful red fruit and have compound leaves, which means a single leaf that is divided into individual leaflets. The fruit of both of these species provide a valuable food source for wildlife during the winter months. Wild turkey, white-tailed deer, and many songbirds can be seen munching on these plants. The bark of winged sumac can also be eaten by fox squirrels and cottontail rabbits!

Okay so here’s what to look for to tell them apart…

Fruit

While they both produce a cluster of small red drupes (fleshy fruit with thin skin and a central stone containing the seed), the fruit of Brazilian pepper-trees is a shiny, glossy, bright red, while the fruit of winged sumac is a deep red, but more dull due to the presence of fine hairs on the outside of the fruit. You can think of it like the finishing on picture prints. Brazilian pepper-tree fruit would have a glossy finish whereas the winged sumac fruit would have a matte finish. As we know though, fruit isn’t always around and this can be difficult if you don’t have the fruit in-hand. It should also be noted that both of these plants are dioecious, having male and female flowers on separate plants, so fruit will only be present on the female plants.

Leaves

Leaf comparison between Brazilian pepper-tree (left) and winged sumac (right). Note you can see some “winging” along the midrib of both species.

Here we might be able to note some other differences between these two species. The mid vein (central vein) and lateral (side) veins on the leaflets of the Brazilian pepper-tree tend to be lighter in appearance, contrasting from the bright green leaves. While a lighter colored mid vein can be noted on winged sumac, the lateral veins tend to be discreet (not as obvious). You can also look at the petiole or leafstalk of the leaves on these plants.

Winged sumac gets its name from the winged leafstalk. Look for this extra foliage along the central part of the leaf, between all of the leaflets. This is usually absent on the Brazilian pepper-tree, though some plants can have a slightly winged midrib. If you note the margins or edge of the leaflets, they are typically toothed on the Brazilian pepper-tree and entire or smooth on the winged sumac, though they can also be toothed. I know, I’m not really helping you here :-O Okay, and here is one more tip (pun kind of intended)…on average there are more leaflets on winged sumac (9-23) than there are on Brazilian pepper-trees (3-11, though usually 7-9). You can see a great example of that in the picture comparison above.

Magnified image of underside of winged sumac leaflet. Note the fine hairs, especially noticeable along the central vein. Photo Credit: Lara Milligan.

One other thing to note is the color of the leaf on the top and underside. Both sides of the leaf on the Brazilian pepper-tree will be similar in color, but the winged sumac will have noticeably different colors with dark green above and a pale green below. If you have a hand lens available, you can also note fine hairs on the underside of the leaflets on winged sumac. Oh, and winged sumac is deciduous, losing its leaves in the fall, but the Brazilian pepper-tree is an evergreen.

Flowers

Flowers of Brazilian pepper-tree (left) and winged sumac (right).

Lastly, if you can note the time of year the plant flowers, this can be helpful. Brazilian-pepper trees flower between September and November with fruits usually maturing in December, just in time for the holidays. Winged sumac flowers earlier in the year between July and September with fruit appearing in the fall and lasting through most of the winter season. Fruit of winged sumac will often persist even after the leaves have fallen. Flower appearance is similar, though flowers of Brazilian pepper-trees are noted to be whiter in appearance than the yellowish or greenish to white color of winged sumac flowers.

You can check out some of the sources below to learn more. I can only fit so much in my blogs 😉

If you enjoyed this series and would like to read more about commonly confused plants and animals in Florida, you can find more here:

Sources:http://sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/plants/Winged_sumac/index.html https://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/schinus-terebinthifolia/http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa219 http://sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/trees/Brazilian_pepper/index.html “Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses” by James H. Miller & Karl V. Miller.

by Lara Milligan

Posted: July 18, 2018

Category: Home Landscapes, Natural Resources

Tags: Brazilian pepper, commonly confused, invasive plants, Lara Milligan, tree identification, winged sumac

Curious Central West

“Largely they were economic reasons; importing forestry trees, crop plantings, helping with weeds and indigo and those sort of things,” she said.

“But one of the lesser known things is that the Botanic Gardens were absolutely critical in what our urban landscapes looked like.

“And that was not just the cities, but all of the regional towns.”

Specifically, it was the men in charge.

The two men that helped shape our streetscapes

Charles Moore was the director of Sydney’s Botanic Gardens from 1848 to 1896, after which his successor Joseph Henry Maiden took over until 1924.

These men guided the Botanic Gardens’ research and propagation, as well the import and export of tree and plant species, subliminally curating the landscape of all of New South Wales.

“One of the interesting things to me is that each of them had a kind of idea — a different kind of idea — about what cities should look like,” Dr Frawley said.

“Moore liked to send a variety of different sorts of trees for street planting, so places that were established during his period, you might see a whole range of different sorts of trees.

“But when Joseph Maiden took that position, he very much like to see uniform rows of trees, very much about drawing the eye to the horizon.”

How powerful a notion that two men’s personal taste and preference, amidst the prevailing thought at the time, would cement the aesthetic of most towns and cities throughout NSW to this day.

The nationalism of trees

Moore and Maiden were bot very concerned with Australia’s place in the empire and exchanged enthusiastically with other countries within it and outside it.

But Maiden had taken the reins just as the Australian colony was starting to question its identity.

Hand in hand with a rising nationalism, was an emphasis on culture and interconnectivity, meaning indigenous species were being mingled with exotics, almost a botanical representation of Australia’s finding its place on the world stage.

Dr Frawley cited the sudden surge in wattle’s popularity at this time, as an example of Australians “wanting to plant themselves into the soil”.

“But at the same time, there’s this whole transnational movement of plants as well,” she said.

” were sending out these exotics — a lot of country towns have camphor laurels, flame trees — very northern European sorts of trees.”

There was also an emerging theory that southern hemisphere species transplanted well due common environmental conditions — furthering the globalised position taken by botanists at the time.

“One of the other things that’s not very well known is that through our transfer and trading relationships between these botanic institutions and scientific institutions, we had very strong ties to South America — to Brazil and Argentina in particular,” Dr Frawley said.

“A lot of eucalyptus went all over America — to California and places like that.

“But a lot of their tree stock came to Australia — one is the jacaranda.”

Schinus areira: the peppercorn tree

Another one is the peppercorn tree.

Schinus areira, as is its scientific name, is native to South America and came to Australia via this strong trading link with the Americas.

Interestingly, its dispersal across NSW was not via Sydney’s Botanic Gardens, but Adelaide’s.

Craig Burton, adjunct professor at the University of Western Australia is a landscape architect and arboriculture historian.

He explains how the peppercorn tree’s immediate success in Adelaide’s alkaline soils saw George Francis, the director of Adelaide Botanic Gardens, enthusiastically promote the species to other dry parts of the nation.

“It was planted in Sydney very early in the 1830s but it didn’t really take off,” Professor Burton said.

“But it took off in Adelaide because of the alkaline soils, and the colonists of South Australia actually produced them and they traded them up the rivers before the rail system got in.

“Its biggest impact was coming up the paddle steamers into outback NSW. “

Why was it always planted at schools?

The trend of the peppercorn tree being consistently planted in schoolyards could be more perceived than real.

“They are targeted because of their ability to deal with the unpredictable climates,” Professor Burton said.

“And not just schools, they were planted everywhere — parks, streets, railway stations everywhere.

“There is an association because people experienced them having gone to school particularly in the west — the central west, the western slopes and plains, the far west.

“The heyday of schinus was the 1890s — probably most of the old ones still existing are from that period.”

Jodi Frawley believes their use would have extended to form as well as function, with the peppercorn tree’s weeping foliage.

“This was really about ensuring that kids had places that were shady, as well as beautiful, to be in when they weren’t actually in the classroom,” Dr Frawley said.

The enduring nature of tree choices

The reach and permanency of the botanic gardens in shaping the aesthetic of the whole state is remarkable.

Charles Moore’s penchant for figs sees Sydney’s streets still dripping with languid Morton Bay tentacles.

Joseph Maiden’s obsession with Canary Palms means pairs of palms still stand sentinel at the entrances to many crumbling homesteads.

Dr Frawley believes botanic gardens are unique nodes of science and culture, whose relevance evolves with society.

“Those botanic gardens are still critically important in engaging in current concerns,” she said.

“In the 19th century they were helping us establish as a nation, now they are doing a scientific job.

“These amazing relationships that were built with all these international bodies — which is why we have all that material in Australia — is still able to evolve and respond to current concerns.

“They are amazing places.”

Who asked the question?

Rob Macgregor has lived in Back Yamma all his life, a town that lies halfway between Forbes and Parkes.

The school house that originally piqued his interest lies on his father’s property, and his father attended school there.

Mr MacGregor’s question answered more than just why he’s surrounded by peppercorn trees.

“It’s interesting on a number of levels – I live on a street in Parkes that’s lined with jacaranda trees.”

“It’s fascinating to think about it being just the work of two people.”

First posted September 12, 2018 07:04:11

Schinus molle (California Pepper Tree) – An evergreen tree that grows 25-40 feet tall with rough twisted dark gray bark and a wide weeping habit, spreading as wide as tall. It has bright green pinnately compound leaves that are 5 to 12 inches long with many 1 to 2 inch long narrow leaflets. The 1/8 inch wide fragrant whitish-yellow flowers bloom in branched pendulous panicles in summer and female trees (it is dioecious with male and female flowers on separate trees) producing 1/3 inch wide red berries in the fall into winter. Plant in full sun and irrigate very little or not at all. Hardy to around 10°F but in temperatures much below 20 the foliage freezes then turns brown but new green growth quickly appears in the spring. This tree tolerates many adverse conditions, like poor soil, smog, wind, drought and moderate frosts but the oils in the leaf litter from this tree deter understory growth, making it difficult to grow other plants beneath the canopy. This plant is most commonly called “California Pepper” because it is found so commonly throughout the state, both because it has been planted and also reseeded, and this has led many to believe it native but it actually comes from the Southern Andes at elevations up to around 12,000 feet from Peru south to Bolivia, Chile and Argentina; some reports list it native further north up to southern Mexico. Other common names for it include Peruvian Mastic Tree, Peruvian Peppertree, Escobilla, False Pepper, Molle del Peru and Peppercorn tree. The name for the genus comes from the Greek word ‘schinos’ a name for the related Mastic Tree (Pistacia lentiscus) which it resembles. The specific epithet is interpreted as being from the Latin word ‘molle’, meaning “soft” or more likely from a modification of the world ‘mulli’ , the name used to describe this tree by the Quechua Indians of Peru. In Matt Ritter’s wonderful book A Californians Guide to the Trees Among US it is noted that Schinus molle was first planted in California by Father Antonio Peyri in the early 1800’s at Mission San Luis Rey de Francia in Oceanside California. Some of the largest trees recorded in California include a 70 foot tree in Moorpark and one in San Juan Capistrano, that is considered the National Champion on the Official Registry of California Big Trees, was measured in 1969 at 57 feet tall and 72 feet wide with a 367 inch trunk circumference. While an iconic an attractive tree in Central and Southern California, it is considered invasive by many, though not at a level in California that has mandated any control measures or regulation. It is also is an alternate host to black scale, a serious Citrus pest and male trees produce abundant pollen which, when airborne, can cause problems with those that suffer from allergies so these issues should all be considered before planting this tree in an urban environment. The information on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources as well as from observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery’s garden and in other gardens that we have observed it in. We also will incorporate comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have additional information, particularly if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that might aid others in growing Schinus molle.

California Pepper Tree (Schinus Molle) 100 seeds

Producing pendent, stringed clusters of rosy-pink berries that can be eaten like peppercorns, the peppertree also has fine-textured leaves. An evergreen tree with a weeping and spreading canopy, it is native to the drier highlands of interior South America, in Peru and Bolivia. The young bark is smooth and gray, but with age becomes a papery to corky beige.
The peppery-scented leaves are long and linear, resembling those of a fern. Each leaf is made up of 19-41 narrow, short and glossy leaflets that are medium to dark-green. From late winter to summer, long, pendent, strands of tiny, yellow-white flowers appear in the tree’s canopy. This species is dioecious—a tree produces all-male or all-female flowers. The female tree yield the pretty, rosy-pink fruits, which fortunately do not germinate in profusion after they fall to the ground.
Grow peppertree in full to partial sun and soil that is moist but well-drained. It handles drought, but should be irrigated for best growth, bloom and fruiting. Tolerant of reflective heat from nearby buildings or hardscapes, this tree is a welcome provider of shade. It tolerates light freezes, but in brutal cold may be killed either to the ground or entirely. It may also be used as a windbreak or screen. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus – Schinus
Species – Molle
Common name – California Pepper Tree
Pre-Treatment – Not-required
Hardiness zones – 8 – 11
Height – 30′-60′ / 9.1m – 18.3m
Spread – 15′-35′ / 4.6m – 10.7m
Plant type – Tree
Vegetation type – Evergreen
Exposure – Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate – Fast
Soil PH – Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type – Loam, Sand, Well Drained
Water requirements – Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses – Edible, Feature Plant, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees
Germination rate – 89%
Bloom season – Spring, early summer
Leaf / Flower color – Green / Light yellow

Attack of the Peppertree Psyllid

Are your pepper trees looking a little peaky? Take a closer look—this tiny bug can make a big impression if left untreated.

Pepper Tree that has been affected by psyllid

The California pepper tree (Schinus molle) is not from California at all. It is native to the Andean deserts of Peru and can be found in Argentina and Chile. It is a dioecious tree meaning that male and female flowers occur on separate plants. So there are boy California peppers and girl California peppers. People have used the tree for a variety of purposes from the construction of saddles by early Spanish settlers to the modern-day use of the berries as pink peppercorns. These peppercorns are often blended with commercial pepper even though they are not related to the black pepper (Piper nigrum). A word of caution: these berries have been reported to cause great discomfort in small children.

Pitted leaves indicate possible psyllid infestation

You may notice that from time to time certain pepper trees drop more leaves than is normal for this evergreen tree. The closer you are to the coast the greater this phenomenon may be. The cause of this can be many things, including the peppertree psyllid (Calophya schini). This pest is native to Peru where it is under biological control. It has recently been reported in Portugal. It was first reported in California in Long Beach in 1984. Since its discovery in California it has made its way north to San Francisco and south to San Diego. It is indeed a well-travelled pest!

The nymphal stage of the pest is when damage occurs. A deep pit is made in the foliage and many pits may be seen on individual leaflets. The pest can also be found on flower buds, leaf stems, small green twigs and sometimes more mature wood. The trees are disfigured by the leaf distortion caused by the pitting and when the psyllid population is high it can cause a gray cast to envelop the tree. High populations can also cause prolific leaf drop.

There are treatments available for this pest and a well-timed application can help keep the tree healthy and vigorous during the growing season. Contact our Plant Health Care Department for more information

-Tim Clancy, Consulting Arborist
Certified Arborist (WE-0806A)
Tree Risk Assessment Qualified (TRAQ)
Qualified Applicator License (QAL)

Gardening Question From Sue:

I live in the Arizona desert. I have 25 mature California Pepper trees. This summer one died. The root ball had white laced fungus. Now another tree is dying. This tree sat close to the dead tree. My question is. Does the fungus in the ground spread to the other trees? If so how far apart can they be to not catch the fungus? I also have eucalyptus trees nearby. I have over 120 trees. I don’t want to loose them.

Photo by Internet Archive Book Images

Answer From Pat:

I am not familiar with the common name “white laced fungus”. Perhaps you are referring to Phymatotrichopsis omnivora? This type of root rot and others, can kill ornamental trees in desert areas. Yes it is spread from tree to tree, usually by monsoon rains during hot summer months. Since spores are carried in the air and by other means, I do not know if it would be possible to say how far apart trees should be in order to avoid contracting this fungus. If this is the disease affecting your trees, usually a white mat shows on top of the soil suddenly overnight, seemingly by magic after rain. Later this mat may go brown. Hot weather and rain can cause and bring on this and other fungus diseases affecting trees and other plants.

I suggest you contact the University of Arizona Agricultural Extension for advice and ask if application of a fungicide might help save your trees and if so, which one. You might also contact the Master Gardeners’ Hot Line in your area for help with this problem. One of the best ways to avoid dealing with problems such as fungi of ornamental landscape plants is to concentrate on growing plants native to desert areas that are immune to exotic fungus diseases and to use arbors and pergolas and other shade structures to provide wanted shade. A few citrus varieties have been developed that are resistant to root rots.

Photo by garlandcannon

SelecTree: Tree Detail

General Notes

Tolerates saline soil and smog. Susceptible to Texas root rot, especially in desert.

Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as limited.

Has fragrant Flower and Fruit.

Native to Northern South America.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

A Schinus molle in San Juan Capistrano is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 57 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 367 inches and a crown spread of 72 feet.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Tree Characteristics

Spreading or Weeping High Canopy and Extensive Area.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 25 – 50 feet.

Width: 25 – 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd with Lanceolate Leaflets, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Fragrant Yellow or White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Rose to Red Drupe, Small (0.25 – 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Green or Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.

California Pepper

California Pepper

The California Pepper is an extremely fast-growing, sun-loving tree that thrives in the warm climates of the Western United States. Schinus molle has its origins in Peru and is native to areas with dry soil and warm temperatures, such as the warm, arid conditions of the Southwest. It is a picturesque, sun-loving evergreen with attractive bright green, fern-like leaves and lush green foliage. This popular large shade tree looks great on a variety of Southwestern landscapes, whether planted in front yards or backyards.

Plant this California Pepper tree with room to spread and enjoy the shade provided by its broad canopy. A large tree, it may grow a crown spread that can provide a nice shady area that is ideal for picnics. The entire family will love this multi-trunk tree for climbing, tying a tire swing or even building a tree house.

A mature Schinus molle tree is the kind of tree where someone might want to engrave his or her initials into the fantastically gnarled, fat, thick trunks. Install nighttime landscape lighting and keep the family fun going well into the night, while displaying the beauty of this magnificent tree.

Homeowners in the Southwest will appreciate the extreme drought tolerance of this California Pepper tree. It can survive on very little water and has deep roots. In fact, once it has been established, you may never need to water this tree again, just let nature do the rest! Plant this evergreen California Pepper where there is plenty of sun and enjoy the beauty and many benefits provided by this wonderful large shade tree that the entire family will love.

At Moon Valley Nurseries, you can buy trees that are fully-grown or just getting started. No matter which California Pepper you choose, you will get a professionally nurtured tree that is ready to thrive and bring beauty to your landscape for many years to come.

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