What does a huckleberry plant look like?

Huckleberry

Huckleberry, any of several species of small fruit-bearing shrubs of the genus Gaylussacia (family Ericaceae). The plants are found throughout eastern North America and the Andes and other mountainous regions of South America. Huckleberry fruits are edible and resemble blueberries (Vaccinium species), to which they are closely related. The plants can be cultivated and require acidic and moist but well-drained soil.

huckleberryBox Huckleberry (Gaylussacia).VersicolorA/David Patriquin

Huckleberry plants are deciduous shrubs or subshrubs with simple oblong leaves. Young stems and leaves can be waxy or hairy, depending on the species. The small urn-shaped flowers, sometimes solitary but typically borne in small clusters, can be greenish, red, white, or pinkish. The fleshy fruits have 10 small seeds.

The common huckleberry (G. baccata) of the eastern United States and Canada is also called black, or high-bush, huckleberry. Dwarf huckleberry (G. dumosa) extends from Florida to Newfoundland. Box huckleberry (G. brachycera), native to the eastern and central United States, can form huge clones, some of which are thousands of years old, by vegetative reproduction.

The red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium) of the southern United States is commonly called the southern cranberry.

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Where Do Wild Huckleberries Grow?

AwakenedEye/iStock/Getty Images

Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn is from Missouri, but the shrub whose name he bears is found in many different areas of the U.S. Varieties of huckleberry thrive around the nation, traveling under different scientific names. Most species of huckleberry look very much like blueberries, but each has its own preferred habitat.

Huckleberry Blues

Only a practiced eye will be able to distinguish between blue huckleberries and blueberries. In fact, blueberry varieties are often incorrectly termed huckleberries. All you have to do is eat a few berries to be sure; huckleberries have 10 large seeds in each small fruit, so they crunch when you bite, unlike blueberries. Huckleberries also tend to be sweeter than blueberries. Both prefer acidic, loose, well-drained soil. Certain varieties of huckleberries also prefer shade.

Blue Huckleberries

Huckleberries in the East are short, bushy plants, growing from 18 to 36 inches tall. They thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. Two varieties exist in the wild, with different native growth areas. Look in pine forests in the southeastern coastal plain for Gaylussacia frondosa var. tomentosa, found most frequently in Alabama, Florida and Georgia. The second variety, Gaylussacia frondosa var. frondosa, is native to the Piedmont region of the Southeast. Huckleberries are a contradiction. They enjoy rocky hills and boggy, cypress swamp margins, but also thrive in dry woods and sandy pinelands where they have full sunlight in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon.

Huckleberries by Any Other Name

In the Pacific Northwest, people, including the U.S. Forest Service, attach the common name of huckleberry to specific fruiting shrubs within the Vaccinium genus. For example, Idaho’s state fruit is commonly called big, black or thin leaf huckleberry, which grows to 5 feet tall and prefers higher elevations: 2,000 to 11,500 feet above sea level. You’ll find these huckleberry bushes in the wild in cooler mountainous areas like Alaska, Montana, and the Cascade and Rocky Mountains, where it grows as an under crop in subalpine forests. It is generally found on moist, moderately deep, well-drained soils in USDA zones 4 through 8. According to the University of Idaho, this shrub has never been successfully cultivated. As they thrive in full sun, look for mountain huckleberry bushes in clear cuts or places where the forest has experienced regrowth after a fire.

Red Huckleberry

The term “red blueberry” would be internally inconsistent, which may be why the common name for this red-berried bush is red huckleberry. This huckleberry is found in shady coastal forests and wetlands in the Pacific Northwest, generally prolific on old dead logs or broken trees growing some 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. The shrub is fond of organic soil, and decomposing stumps provide the nutrients it requires. Look for smooth, rounded leaves and berries that ripen early, in the first days of summer. Berries are red and tangy, beloved by wildlife and good for jam. The red huckleberry grows best in USDA zones 6 through 8.

In the shadowy spaces and the sunny clearings of high Northwest forests, the huckleberry waits for an eager human or bear in the late summer. Imbued with an intense sweet-sour flavor, this coveted wild treat might peek out from its glossy leaves in a jealously-protected secret location, but it will be sought and often found.

Seekers of the huckleberry—whether they are Native Americans, more recent residents of the area, or the berry-loving grizzly and black bears—hunt incessantly for the deep purple to red fruit. Even if they aren’t pickers, any Northwesterner or visitor would still find it hard to miss the huckleberry jams, shakes, pies, and fresh berries that, for many of us, taste of August and September.

The berries can take some gathering effort, growing best between 3,000 and 7,000 feet, often on slopes. An adult can pick maybe three gallons a day. No one knows the full reach of huckleberries, but in the late 1970s, Forest Service biologist Don Minore estimated as many as 100,000 productive acres in Washington and Oregon alone.

One can’t talk about huckleberries without wading into a debate about its name and botanical connections. There is an East Coast huckleberry and a European version, but they’re quite different from the huckleberry of the West, which is a cousin of the blueberry. All Western huckleberries are in the genus Vaccinium, a broad group representing berries around the world from the cranberry to the “bilberry” of the British Isles, all part of the heather family.

From there, however, things get contentious. Although they are closely related to cultivated and wild blueberries, the flavors of huckleberries tend to be much stronger. They also vary considerably according to climate and soil; a Pacific coast huckleberry will be quite different from a Rocky Mountain version.

No matter where they spring up, huckleberries have been woven into the social and ecological tapestry of the Northwest for an age. The Salish, the Yakama, and most other tribes gathered huckleberries as a crucial part of their diet and their spiritual lives. Typically women and children picked them and returned to camps with baskets full of their bounty. Some tribes used fire, both natural and human-made, as a tool to clear areas and allow successional plants like huckleberries to thrive. Yakama elder Hazel Miller told an historian that the old people said, “God told people to burn the forest and huckleberries would grow.”

The tribes consumed fresh berries and dried many more in the sun for winter sustenance. Sometimes they would mix the dried huckleberries with bitterroot in stew, possibly with venison, for feasts in the colder times of the year.

While Native Americans typically dried them or made cakes of crushed berries, early white settlers started to preserve huckleberries through canning, which then transformed harvesting into a bigger commercial industry. In the Great Depression, the decent price of huckleberries and large number of unemployed people led to the growth of large camps of pickers. They picked or raked alongside Native tribes, and huckleberry gathering became one of the main uses of national forests. A commercial industry grew and then declined after World War II, eventually developing into processed foods like chocolates and jams.

Huckleberries remain a prominent non-forestry use of the woods, although the “commercial” part has grown complex, says Matt Carroll, a Washington State University rural sociology professor who examined huckleberry picking and community in northeast Washington.

“Around the Colville Forest, it’s obvious huckleberries are part of the social fabric and culture. Everyone knows about berries,” he says.

Carroll and his fellow researchers divided huckleberry pickers into four groups: full-time commercial, Native harvesters, recreational or household gatherers, and income supplementers. While these groups often blurred, the people who sell to boost income intrigued Carroll the most since they didn’t consider themselves commercial.

Much of huckleberry mystique comes from the hard labor in the secret places of the woods, since the fruit has resisted attempts at cultivation. That could change with promising research from Amit Dhingra, horticulture professor in WSU’s College of Agricultural, Human, and Natural Resource Sciences, and his colleagues. They cloned Vaccinium membranaceum, and they’re now growing in WSU greenhouses.

No matter how they are gathered, and hopefully when they’re cultivated, huckleberries will deliver that powerful punch of flavor, a taste of the wild that reminds us of the forest. That intensity multiplies in jams, jellies, and syrups. There’s not much to compare to the explosion of berryness in huckleberry pancakes with huckleberry syrup.

Canning and other methods of preserving work well, just be sure to follow WSU Extension’s guidelines: Start with fresh, ripe huckleberries.

While the huckleberry lends itself to many dishes, often the most satisfying is fresh off the bush, perhaps scattered on a bowl of Ferdinand’s vanilla ice cream on a hot Northwest summer night.

Types of Huckleberries

Huckleberry species are part of the Vaccinium genus (which also includes the cranberry, blueberry, bilberry, and lingonberry) as well as the Gaylussacia genus. Whereas blueberries have been domesticated and hybridized to produce larger berries, the huckleberry has only a few domesticated varieties (e.g. Vaccinium ovata ‘Thunderbird’) but remain mostly in wild form. Huckleberries found growing wild in Washington state include:

Dwarf huckleberry (Vaccinium caespitosum, also known as dwarf blueberry, dwarf bilberry, dwarf whortleberry) Found in most of western United States, Great Lakes, New England, and Canada. Small, bright blue berries with excellent flavor. Used by Native Americans but not commercial pickers. Adaptable to habitats.

Cascade huckleberry (Vaccinium deliciosum, also known as Cascade bilberry, blue huckleberry) Found in most of western United States, Great Lakes, New England, and Canada in small, scattered populations. Can form large heaths. Large, bright blue powdery berries with excellent flavor. Popular with commercial pickers.

Mountain huckleberry (Vaccinium membranaceum, also known as mountain bilberry, black huckleberry, tall huckleberry, big huckleberry, thinleaf huckleberry, globe huckleberry, Montana huckleberry) Berries are red, blue, purple, black, and even white, and have good to excellent flavor. Idaho’s state fruit. The most widely harvested western huckleberry.

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus, also known as dwarf bilberry, dwarf huckleberry, whortleberry) Found in western United States (except California) and western Canada. Also found in Europe and Asia where popular for culinary and medicinal uses. Can form large, dominant stands. Not harvested commercially presently in the United States.

Oval-leaved bilberry (Vaccinium ovalifolium, also known as oval-leaved blueberry, Alaska blueberry, highbush blueberry) Found in the Pacific Northwest through Montana and South Dakota, Great Lakes, western and eastern Canada, and parts of Europe and Asia. The berries are powdery blue with a mild to sour flavor. May have commerical potential for extracts and supplements.

Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum, also known as evergreen shot or blackwinter huckleberry) Found in the Pacific Coast states and British Columbia, often in dense stands. The black berries ripen late with low yields. The serrated leaves are commercially valuable for floral arrangements.

Red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium, also known as red bilberry) Found in the Pacific Coast states and British Columbia. Red, waxy berries—which tend to be sour—were popular in jams and preserves of all coastal tribes. Berries can hang on the branches until early winter. Limited commercial value.

Alpine bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum, also known as bilberry, bog bilberry, tundra bilberry) Found in most of western United States, Great Lakes, New England, Canada, northern Europe, and Asia. Single or clusters of two or three powdery blue berries with good flavor but low yields. Not a commercially important crop here in North America but is harvested elsewhere.

Sources Wild Huckleberry Association and USDA

Web extras

Huckleberry recipes

On the web

Preserving Berries (PDF, WSU Extension)

Growing Blueberries in Montana

By Jan Cashman • Posted on March, 17th 2010

Since I was a child, I have been around blueberries. When I was growing up in eastern Minnesota, my mother, sister and I picked wild blueberries in the area’s woods. (We were always watching for bears, who liked the blueberries, too.) I didn’t mind the work of picking them, because I ate more than I put into the bucket. When we were attending the University of Minnesota, one of my husband, Jerry’s professors, Cecil Stushnoff, was researching wild blueberries to cross them with highbush varieties. I helped Dr. Stushnoff find local berry patches near my parent’s home. (Locals were reluctant to divulge the location of their secret blueberry patches.) Then, when my sister had a summer place in Maine, Jerry and I would go there in early August to pick blueberries, freeze them, and bring plenty home for pies; Jerry makes a wonderful wild blueberry pie.

Blueberries, genus Vaccinium, are native to North America. Two species are commonly grown—lowbush, often called ‘wild’, grows to 1 or 2 feet, and highbush, reaches 4 to 6 feet. The berries of highbush varieties have bigger berries, ½” or more in diameter. Besides, Maine, which produces wild blueberries, Michigan, for highbush blueberries, and Canada, which exports both high and lowbush, they are now cultivated in Europe and South America. Because they are usually more winter-hardy, we grow lowbush varieties here. What we, in Montana, call native huckleberries are really blueberries. Bilberries, which are similar in size and taste to blueberries and in the same genus, are native to Europe.

Blueberries make an attractive landscape plant with their brilliant red leaves in the fall which often stay evergreen through the winter. The fruit is extremely nutritious. Along with vitamins A and C, they contain antioxidants which have a role in reducing the risk of some diseases.

Blueberries are not easy to grow in Montana, but, it can be done if care is taken to amend the soil and protect them. John Austin from the Gallatin Gardener’s Club has been growing blueberries successfully in containers. We planted two new plants in our raised garden beds last spring—they have done well so far, even producing a few berries to eat last summer.

Because blueberries are native where the soils are acidic (pH 4.5 to 5.5), it helps to grow them in containers where the soil mix can be controlled. Blueberries have a shallow root system, so they don’t need a huge container—John Austin has his in half whiskey barrels. Around here, our soils tend to have a higher pH, so add peat moss and sulphur to lower the pH. And, make sure there is plenty of organic matter in your soil mix. Good drainage is important, wherever you plant them. John uses plenty of elemental sulphur to bring his soil’s pH down to around 5.5 to 6. Use a fertilizer recommended for acid loving plants.

Blueberries grow wild as an understory plant, which means they grow under shade trees in their natural environment of the woods or forest. They may not thrive under our hot sun in this part of Montana; partial shade would be better. John Austin protects his containers in the winter, since the roots are above ground level.

The University of Minnesota has introduced a number of hybrids of lowbush blueberries that are good producers. Many of the hardiest varieties contain the word “North” in the name—Northblue, Northcountry, Northland, and Northsky. ‘St. Cloud’ and ‘Chippewa’ are hardy introductions that ripen early and produce heavily but need a pollinator of another blueberry cultivar. Plant two different varieties for the best pollination.

To get them off to the best start, plant blueberries in the spring when they are available as either bare root plants or in small containers. Prepare your soil now so you’re ready to plant and look forward to harvesting this delicious, nutritious fruit.

Huckleberry Hounds

Sniffing out Montana’s delicious purple gem.
By Ellen Horowitz

This story is featured in Montana Outdoors
July–August 2004

By July, many western Montana mountain ranges will be crawling with treasure hunters searching for purple gems. Armed with plastic buckets, coffee cans, or other containers, the prospectors comb hillsides from dawn to dusk. In coffee shops and cafes, they speak in hushed tones of finding “gold mines,” “mother lodes,” or “bonanzas.”

All this activity can mean only one thing: Montana’s prized wild fruit, the huckle-berry, is plentiful and ready to pick.

The Montana huckleberry is closely related to the blueberry, though no self-respecting Montanan would compare the two. Hardcore huckleberry lovers insist their favorite fruit is far superior to the dull, flavorless blueberry, brought under domestication nearly two centuries ago. Plant taxonomists, however, do not consider flavor among important identifying features. Peter Stickney, curator emeritus at the University of Montana Herbarium, studied huckleberries for years and identified seven species in the Treasure State. Montana huckleberry plants range from 2 inches tall with berries the size of match heads to shrubs up to 6 feet tall with pea-sized and larger berries.

“ The huckleberries most people seek are found from northwestern Montana down to the mountains outside of Bozeman,” says Stickney. These are the globe huckleberry, (Vaccinium globulare) and the big huckleberry (Vaccinium membranaceum), two nearly identical species.

Purple-tongued pickers hoping to cache a few gallons of huckleberries in the deep-freeze care less about taxonomy and more about finding productive patches. The bigger and more abundant the berries, the faster the bucket fills.

“Northwestern Montana produces the best huckleberry picking in the state,” says plant ecologist Maria Mantis, of Whitefish. “It’s tough to find any decent huckleberry picking once you leave the Flathead and Kootenai national forests and the Glacier Park area.”

Mantis says other national forests in Montana occasionally produce well, but “it’s not like mountain ridge after ridge after ridge with big, fat, juicy huckleberries” common to the moister parts of the state’s northwestern region. There, festivals in Trout Creek, Whitefish, and Seeley Lake honor the huckleberry each year.

However, just because the huckleberry is northwestern Montana’s most abundant plant doesn’t mean a person can just drive anywhere and find good picking. “It’s like knowing there’s fish in every creek,” says Mantis. “The challenge is finding the best fishing holes.”

Finding hucks
Big and globe huckleberries grow in the mountains at elevations between 3,500 and 7,200 feet. Mantis says to look in forests with roughly 50 percent tree cover—lodgepole pine or mixed forests of lodgepole, larch, spruce, and subalpine fir. Huckle-berries grow in 20- to 50-year-old burns, old clear-cuts, ski runs, avalanche chutes, and older, open, high-elevation forests where the plants receive the sunlight they need to thrive.

Like morel mushrooms, hucks grow abundantly in burned areas, but not the year following a fire, as is the case with morels. “Huckleberries come in very slowly after a fire,” says Stickney. “It can take 15 to 20 years for the plants to produce prolifically.” Likewise, hucks growing in areas opened through logging mature slowly and variably.

Serious huckleberriers, like Jim Riley of Columbia Falls, begin searching weeks before the roadside stands hang their “Fresh Hucks For Sale” signs. By mid-July, he’s collecting along sunny, south-facing slopes at lower elevations. As the season progresses, he works his way uphill, searching all sides of the mountains. Some years Riley gathers huckleberries well into September.

Some of the best picking, Riley says, is “where there’s heavy brush and it’s terribly steep.” Here he often has to do what he calls “one-handed picking.” That’s where the picker has to hang on to the huckleberry bush to prevent tumbling downhill while picking the berries.

Riley says when the berries are abundant and large (3⁄8 to 1⁄2 inch in diameter), he can collect a gallon in about an hour. When it’s poor picking and berries are small, however, a single quart per hour may be as good as it gets.

Huckleberries are delicate plants that require adequate sunlight and warmth to fruit abundantly. Depending on elevation and species, huckleberries begin blooming any time between May and July. The small flowers, shaped like Chinese lanterns, vary in color from whitish green to pinkish red. Bees and other insects that pollinate the short-lived blossoms don’t have enough time to get the job done during a cool, cloudy spring. These are the years of low huckleberry production.

The plant’s finicky nature has made it difficult to tame. Researchers in Idaho, who have been trying for years, now hope to have the first commercial huckleberry plants available in about 2010.

That thought horrifies Ellen Bryson, a huckleberry enthusiast from Helena who can’t imagine eating a farm-raised huck. “Nothing will ever replace a wild huckleberry,” she insists.

The picking
A few things to know before heading out to harvest huckleberries: One, you don’t need a permit to pick hucks in the Flathead Na-tional Forest unless you exceed the limit of 10 gallons per person. Other national forests have their own limits, so check first with the particular forest where you plan to pick. Those who sell berries or collect more than their personal limit are considered commercial pickers and must purchase a permit ($4 per day or $80 per season). Considering that huckleberries sell for $30 to $45 per gallon, most commercial pickers can pay for their permit in no time.

Another thing to remember is that people aren’t the only creatures working huckle-berry patches. Black bears and grizzlies eat them too, so whenever you’re picking in bear country, stay alert and make plenty of noise to reduce the chances of surprising a nearby bear.

Once you start picking, you’ll notice that huckleberries come in a variety of sizes and colors. Stickney found three color phases to the globe huckleberries: dark red, blue-black or purple-black, and blue-black with a whitish “bloom” or coating similar to that found on plums.

The most likely purple fruit to fool a neophyte berry picker is the serviceberry. Also known as shadeberry and Juneberry, its leaves are rounded and toothed (serrated), and the seeds are large. Serviceberries are edible, but they aren’t as scrumptious as hucks.

For many people, picking huckleberries is a tradition as important as Thanksgiving or the elk opener. Bryson heads west to stock up on hucks every summer during the third week of July. “I’m out to get a couple gallons for myself and make desserts and jam to give away,” she says.
Her ritual includes baking a pie or crisp to share with friends after returning home from the season’s first collecting spree. “We absolutely savor that first huckleberry pie,” she says. “It just doesn’t get any better than that. I absolutely love it and love to get other people going on it, too.”

Bryson finds huckleberries by driving into the mountains with the car windows rolled down. Sometimes she sees the purple globes hanging from bushes. Other times she actually smells the hucks first, pulling over to follow her nose into the hills.

To hold picked berries, Bryson uses a plastic container, tightly lidded. “There’s nothing worse than watching berries rolling down the slopes,” she says, explaining that pickers can expect to stumble a few times while traversing the rugged terrain where huckleberries grow. Bryson wears her quart-sized huckleberry bucket at waist level on a soft rope necklace like an oversized pendant. A U-shaped flap cut in the lid allows her to place berries in the container without removing the top. The flap readily pops back into position to keep berries corralled while both hands remain free for picking.

Though some hard-core hunters remove berries from the plant with wooden paddles or rakes, Bryson shuns that technique be-cause too many leaves fall into the bucket.“ Besides, there’s nothing better than sitting in a good patch of berries and picking them by hand,” she says.

Sherry Johns of Kalispell grew up huckleberrying with her parents and has passed what she calls a “family passion” down to her own children. She ignores rumors of good or bad berry years, preferring to hike out to favorite spots to see for herself how the hucks are doing. On weekly treks with friends, Johns carries a 1-cup container in her daypack. If she finds huckleberries, she can bring enough home to make a batch of muffins or pancakes. If the berries are abundant, she’ll return later with a 4-quart plastic ice cream bucket for some serious collecting.

“My mother used to fix huckleberry syrup and jam, but I’ve never done that because it takes too many berries,” says Johns. “Having berries in the freezer is like having money in the bank. You don’t want to spend it all.” Her goal is to harvest a few gallons each summer, enough for pancakes, pies, and muffins to last the year.

Though books, guides, and articles can provide basic tips on when and where to find hucks, nothing beats experience. You have to get out there and start searching. The more time you spend afield, the better you get at finding huckleberries.

And that means looking on foot. Bryson tells beginners to stop the car once in a while, get out, and look around. “Many berries hide under leaves, so you can’t see them from the road,” she says. “Once you learn to recognize a huckleberry bush, you’ll start to see berries.”

She also encourages beginners to keep at it, because the payoff is worth the wait. “There’s nothing better than finding that very first patch,” she says. “It’s heaven. You’ll think you’ve struck gold.”

Ellen Horowitz is a freelance writer in Columbia Falls.

After the Picking

By Ellen Bryson

Most commercially sold hucks have been cleaned by the vendor, but if you pick them yourself, you’ll want to clean them. I put a few cups in a strainer and pick the sticks, leaves, and bugs out by hand. I don’t rinse the berries because I can’t bear to see the precious juice wash down the drain.

What do you do with the cleaned huckleberries (provided you haven’t eaten them all at one sitting)? One option is to freeze them for later use. Hucks must be frozen tightly in a sealed container so the fragrance doesn’t permeate everything in your freezer. One way is to freeze the berries in a single layer on a paper towel– covered cookie sheet and then put the frozen berries into a container. Another is to dab the berries gently with a paper towel to remove moisture, put them in a large glass jar or heavy-duty zipper-lock plastic bag, and then freeze. They freeze well this way and are easy to remove later a cup or two at a time.

Try to freeze hucks within a few days of picking. Otherwise they get too juicy, begin to ferment, and freeze into one big huckleberry clump.

I don’t wait to thaw huckleberries when baking but simply add them frozen to a pie, cobbler, or pancake recipe. This is one of my favorite recipes, given to me by my picking buddy, Desi Hanson.

Huckleberry Cobbler
1 box butter recipe yellow cake mix
3⁄4 c. butter
1 c. finely ground pecans
1 c. quick-cooking oatmeal
1 T. cinnamon
11⁄2 c. fresh or frozen huckleberries

Preheat oven to 350°. Mix first five ingredients until crumbly. Put half the mixture in the bottom of a 13- by 9-inch baking pan (sprayed with cooking oil) and pat down. Distribute huckleberries over bottom layer. Sprinkle remaining crumb mixture over the top and pat lightly. Bake 30 minutes or until lightly browned. Serve with whipped cream or ice cream.

Huckleberry Sellers

Huckleberry products may be seasonal so you may have to stock up on them when they become available. Because wild huckleberries flourish at altitudes between 2,000 and 11,000 feet their harvest season is usually the late summer and early fall. Plan accordingly. Some providers may have older stocks available after the season ends.

Any listing for which you see Bought at the end means that we have purchased at least one of this company’s products in a store somewhere. Any listing where you see shopped at the end means that we have purchased at least one huckleberry product from this company.

Huckleberries On The Internet

Huckleberry Store from Xenite.Org. In association with Amazon.com, Xenite.Org provides a selection of huckleberry products various sellers offer through Amazon.com. Some of those huckleberry sellers and/or huckleberry products may have been reviewed here at Huckleberry Wild, but we make no guarantees.

Anna’s Gourmet Natural Honey is the shopping site for Anna’s Honey. We saw a jar of Anna’s Huckleberry Honey in a Metropolitan Market in Seattle.

The Chase Honey Company sells huckleberry honey and is located in Otis Orchards, Washington. See their Web site for more information.Bought

Homemade Honey by Dorothy sells huckleberry products out of Boise, Idaho. Call 800-657-7449 or see their Web site for more information. Bought

Greebriar Foods sells Wildbeary Huckleberry Products. They are based in Coeur D’Alene, Idaho, which is in the northern part of the state along I-90 near the Washington border. Call (208) 667-9660 for more information or visit their Web site. Bought (2016: They may no longer sell products.)

Hidden Acres Orchard near Mead, Washington sells huckleberry products. Call 800-530-8667 or see their Web site for more information.Bought

Sweet Earth Idaho’s Honey’s Butter includes huckleberry honey. They are located in Caldwell, Idaho. See their Web site for more information.

The Huckleberry Patch is based in Hungry Horse, Montana. They sell huckleberry products under their own name. Call 800-527-7340 for more information or visit their Web site.Bought

Huckleberry Haven is located in Kalispell, Montana. They supply huckleberry products to several national parks (among other outlets). Call 800-774-8257 or see their Web site for more information.

Oregon Jams by Misty Meadows Jams offers huckleberries and huckleberry jams. They are located in Bandon, Oregon. Call 888-795-2575 or see their Web site for more information.

Wild Mountain Berries is located in Riggins, Idaho and they sell huckleberry products and other berry-based products. Call 208-628-3594 or see their Web site for more information.

Huckleberries On The Map

Coeur D’Alene Marina store (located behind the hotel on the boardwalk) carried a huckleberry slush drink when we visited. Mmmmm. Shopped

Fred Meyer carried huckleberry products in its “seasonal foods” section. We recognized the brand but all the jars were small.

Longmire General Store in Mount Rainier National Park (southeastern Washington, near Ashford) sells Mount Rainier-branded huckleberry products. See the Web site for more information. Shopped

Made In Washington may have huckleberry products in some stores. We found a good selection of huckleberry preserves, candies, tea, and more in the Spokane store.Shopped

Marketplace Gifts carries huckleberry products from more than one vendor. We found stores in Spokane and Coeur D’Alene and they had larger jar sizes for the jams and preserves.

Metropolitan Market in the Seattle area has about six stores and stocks huckleberry products. We saw a jam and one or two other huckleberry products in one of their stores.

Rosauer’s Food Stores owns the Huckleberry’s Natural Market and is based in Spokane, Washington. They have stores in a few other towns in Washington, and Idaho. Some of the stores include the Huckleberry’s gourmet food section.Shopped

Yokes Foods carries huckleberry products in 2 or 3 sections near the fresh vegetables. We only visited one store in the Spokane area and though we recognized the brand the sizes were a bit small.

Most Popular Huckleberry Products

Through the years visitors have favored these products, including the fresh huckleberries for sale. For a greater selection, visit our Huckleberry Products Shoppe.

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For a larger selection of fantastic huckleberry products, please visit our Huckleberries Shoppe at Xenite.org.

Huckleberry Plant Care – Tips For Planting Huckleberries

The name “huckleberry” may be in reference to any number of different berry producing plants including blueberries, bilberries and whortleberries. This leads us to a rather confusing question, “What is a huckleberry?”

What is a Huckleberry?

Huckleberries are perennial shrubs about 2 to 3 feet (.60-.91 m.) tall when grown in full sun but may become 10 feet (3 m.) or more when grown in shade conditions – most are deciduous but some are evergreen. New leaves are bronze to red in color and mature into a glossy green through the summer months.

The black-purple berries of huckleberry plants are resultant of tiny, pale pink urn-shaped flowers that appear in the spring. This delicious fruit is, in turn, eaten fresh or turned into jams and other preserves. Birds find the berries hard to resist as well.

Where Do Huckleberries Grow?

Now that we know what they are, it might be prudent to inquire where huckleberries grow. There are four species of huckleberry in the genus Gaylussacia, which are native to the eastern and southeastern United States, but these are not the berries to which we are referring. Western huckleberries belong to the genus Vaccinium and found among the coniferous forests of the West Coast of the United States.

The flowers and fruit of western huckleberries appear akin to those of high bush and low bush blueberries and are, indeed, Vaccinium species as well, but in a different taxonomic section (myrtillus) than other blueberries, as they produce single berries on new shoots. High and low bush blueberries produce berries on year old wood with a much greater yield. The most common of these is Vaccinium deliciosum, or cascade bilberry.

How to Grow Huckleberries

Keep in mind that the species requires moist, acidic soil anywhere from a pH range of 4.3 to 5.2 when planting your huckleberries. Also when planting huckleberries, they may be situated in either sun or shade, although you will get a better yield and larger, lusher plants in shaded areas.

Between April and May, expect the western huckleberry to flower, provided you live in USDA zones 7-9 where the specimen is recommended for planting. It is often found in mid-alpine regions and will thrive if you have similar conditions. Propagation can be from transplanting, rhizome cuttings or seeding.

Transplanting wild bushes is difficult due to their lack of centralized root systems, although this may be attempted in late fall to early winter. Grow the huckleberries in a pot for one to two years in a peat moss based soil before transplanting to the garden.

You may also start growing huckleberries via rhizome, not stem, cutting. Collect the rhizome cuttings in late winter or early spring, in 4-inch long sections buried in sand-filled nursery flats. Do not dip in rooting compound. Keep flats misted or covered with clear film to retain moisture. Once the cuttings have 1- to 2-inch long roots and shoots, transplant into 1-gallon pots with peat moss based soil.

Huckleberry Plant Care

Huckleberry plant care encourages feeding with either a 10-10-10 fertilizer, manure, slow release or granular fertilizer. Do not use weed and feed fertilizer. Granular fertilizer may be applied beginning May, June and July, while manure can be used anytime. Follow manufacturer’s directions for other fertilizers.

Do not use herbicides on western huckleberries. Use mulches and hand weeding for weed control.

Pruning is not needed on young plants as huckleberries grow slowly; prune only to remove dead or diseased limbs.

Huckleberry – Huckleberries

Did You Know?

Evidence has been found the the huckleberry actually got its name from a simple mistake. Early American colonist, upon encountering the native American berry, misidentified it as the European blueberry known as the “hurtleberry,” by which name it was called until around 1670 it was corrupted to become know as the “huckleberry.”

The expression “I’ll be your Huckleberry” means just the right person for a given job, and it also means a mark of affection or comradeship to one’s partner or sidekick.

Later, the term came to mean somebody inconsequential. Mark Twain borrowed aspects of this meaning to name his famous character, Huckleberry Finn. His idea, as he told an interviewer in 1895, was to establish that he was a boy “of lower extraction or degree” than Tom Sawyer.


Check out my delicious recipe for
Huckleberry Pie.

Berries with the name huckleberry can be found throughout the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Northwest, but the berry that grows in the high mountains of Montana, called “Vaccinium globulare” are the favorite berry of the people of Montana. Often confused with the blueberry due to its close resemblance, huckleberries are a wild blue-black berry. Although very similar in taste, the big difference is the seeds within the huckleberry that give it a crunchy texture when fresh and its thicker skin. The flavor is a little more tart than blueberries, with an intense blueberry flavor. Huckleberries are not cultivated commercially, so you will have to find them in the wild. Huckleberries can be used interchangeably in most blueberry recipes, so if you find yourself with a huckleberry harvest, just choose a blueberry recipe and give it a whirl. Huckleberry season is normally from June through August.

The huckleberry is a main food source for a wide range of animals including the deer, birds, rodents, insects, and the most well-known – black and grizzly bears. Huckleberries are one of the grizzly bear’s favorite foods, consisting of up to 1/3 of their sustenance. Bears often travel great distances to find them, as the berries are one of their major later summer and fall foods. If you do go huckleberry picking, be aware that you may be in some bear’s favorite patch.

Huckleberries have been a staple of life for Northwest and Rocky Mountain Native American tribes for thousands of years. In the Journals of Lewis and Clark, they wrote of the tribes west of the Rocky Mountains using dried berries extensively in 1806 and 1806. Captain Meriwether Lewis on reaching the Shoshone Tribe (also known as the Snake Nation, occupied areas both east and west of the Rocky Mountains) and the Great Divide, 15 August 1805:

“This morning I arose very early and as hungry as a wolf. I had eaten nothing yesterday except one scant meal of the flour and berries, except the dried cakes of berries, which did not appear to satisfy my appetite as they appeared to do those of my Indian friends. I found on inquire of McNeal that we had only about two pounds of flour remaining. This I directed him to divide into two equal parts and to cook the one half this morning in a kind of pudding with the berries as he had done yesterday, and reserve the balance for the evening. On this new-fashioned pudding four of us breakfasted, giving a pretty good allowance also to the chief, who declared it the best thing he had tasted for a long time. .”

Northwest tribes made special combs of wood or salmon backbones to strip huckleberries off the bushes. They dried the berries in the sun or smoked them and then mashed them into cakes and wrapped these in leaves or bark for storage.

There are special areas in western Montana that are notorious for huckleberries and have the reputation for producing more berries than any other area.

Between 1900 to 1925 families took working vacations where they traveled into the mountains to pick huckleberry (known as hucks) for the winter. During the 1930s through the 1940s, large camps were set in northern Montana where the fire of 1910 had burned. NOTE: Forest fires can enhance huckleberry habitat by allowing more light onto the forest floor. Also, fires release more nutrients into the soil, producing ashy soils upon which huckleberries thrive. The picking was so great that much of western Montana’s population converged on this area and set up huckleberry camps. The Native Americans on one side of the road, with as many as five hundred tipi lodges, and on the other side of the road would be the encampments of other Montanans. The camps might last a few days, a week, or as much as two months, depending on the crop and the inclinations of the family. It was said the big huckleberry camps had a boomtown atmosphere, much like the gold mining towns of the West. Those years produced boxcar-loads of huckleberries.

Huckleberry outings not only provided settlers with easily available nutritious, but also offered young people a legitimate courting opportunity. Moreover, huckleberry gathering provided a unique opportunity for white settlers to interact with local tribes.

The following is from Montana Historical Society interview transcript with Edna G. Cox McCann on an early settler, Edna McCann of Trout Creek, Montanta:

And then huckleberry season we always would put in, well, we’d make a kind of picnic out of it. We’d take three or four days, get enough huckleberries for winter and make it kind of a picnic out of it too . . . We’d go to Silver Butte, that was a good place for huckleberries then or go up Trout Creek, either place. Y ou know, the Indians that’d come down from the (Flathead) Reservation, there’d be a whole big bunch of them’d come at a time and camp for a week. Up on silver butte picking huckleberries. I always talked to ’em. Always did and i always got along good with them. Always got along good – some of them I would even recognize when they’d come back the next year . . . They had their favorite spots and they camped and not one every bothered anyone else, but the mountains were full of them . . . and that’s something you never see anymore. I don’t know if they even come down after huckleberries anymore. I never see ’em.

The huckleberry has achieved something of a cult following in Montana and some communities even have huckleberry festivals every year. The small northwestern Montana town of Trout Creek has held a Huckleberry Festival for the last 30 years. Trout Creek is the official “Huckleberry Capital of Montana” and home to the premier huckleberry festival in the inland Northwest. Trout Creek was named the official huckleberry capital of Montana in the 1980s. The “Great Burn,” the legendary fire of 1910, scoured much of this region and left prime huckleberry habitat in its wake . Like other shrubs and underbrush, berry bushes thrive when sections of the forest canopy fall to fire or other forces.

SOURCES:
A Social History of Wild Huckleberry Harvesting in the Pacific Northwest, by Rebecca T. Richard and Susan J. Alexander, Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-657. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
The Journals of Lewis and Clark, edited by Bernard DeVoto, 1953.

Connie Krochmal

Native to North and South America, huckleberries (Gaylussacia spp.) are most common in the East. Around eight species are found to the U.S. Typically suitable for zones four through nine, they’re somewhat hardier than blueberries.

Sometimes, these have been called farkleberry. The word huckleberry comes from an English word for blueberry, ‘hurtleberry’, which was first used in America by John Lawson, author of “An Account of the Carolinas.”

Similar to blueberry bushes, huckleberries are relatives of cranberries and blueberries. A related group of huckleberries (Vaccinium spp.) that are most common in the West was profiled in an earlier article.

The Latin genus name honors Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (1778-1850), a French chemist. Huckleberry fruits are often gathered from wild plants and sold at local markets and roadside stands. According to Henry David Thoreau’s writings, children were given school breaks during the harvest season when entire families went “huckleberrying.”

General Distribution and Habitats

Huckleberries grow in the same regions as blueberries. They’re especially plentiful in the Southeast.

Their typical habitats are hills – especially rocky ones, quaking bogs, wooded areas, swamps, sandy pinelands, barren, rocky pastures, and dry woods. The plants grow in a variety of soils from pure sand and rich soils to rocky ones.

General Description

Generally rhizomatous, these multi-stemmed, slender shrubs often form colonies. Varying in height, huckleberries are typically one to three feet tall.

Depending on the species, they can be deciduous or evergreen. The alternate leaves, about four inches long, range from lance-like to elliptic. With the exception of the box huckleberry, most feature sticky dots that aren’t always visible to the naked eye. The resinous leaved species provide beautiful Fall color.

Huckleberry blooms open during the Spring from second-year wood on short, axillary, few-flowered racemes or clusters. The ¼-to-½-inch long flowers are often red, white, or deep pink. Sometimes, they’re tinged with red or purple.

These contain a five lobed, tubular calyx with 10 stamens. The urn or bell-shaped corolla, which can be white, red, or pink, features five shallow lobes that often bend backwards.

The round, shiny, firm fruits, nearly an inch long, are berry-like drupes. They’re typically black or blue, but are rarely white. Ripening during late Summer, these fruits are generally tasty. Huckleberries contain ten, hard, nutty seeds, while blueberry seeds are soft. The skins are thicker than those of blueberries.

Pollination

Box huckleberry requires cross pollination with pollen from outside the plant’s particular clone. Otherwise, unpollinated plants will produce non-viable seeds.

Little is apparently known about the pollination needs of black huckleberry and dwarf huckleberry. But, they’re apparently similar to that of blueberry plants.

Bee Value

These shrubs yield both nectar and pollen. The nectar arises at the bottom of the corolla. Bees find the flowers to be very attractive.

Huckleberries generally bloom from February to May, depending on location and the species. At least seven species are important nectar plants. These are particularly good honey plants in the South and Northeast.

They can yield a small surplus crop of honey. In the South, the first crop of honey is generally from huckleberries.

Sometimes, the honey is pink tinged with a fruit-like taste. At times, it can be thin bodied with a strong, characteristic flavor.

Growing Huckleberries

Generally, these are considered less ornamental than blueberries with the exception being the box huckleberry. The plants can be grown wherever blueberries are cultivated. Sometimes, these don’t transplant well. Huckleberries are suited to sun or part shade.

The plants prefer a rich, acid soil, particularly a peaty one. They’re relatively easy to grow from seed and cuttings. The bushes can also be divided in the Spring before growth begins.

Using Huckleberries

All huckleberries contain valuable anthocyanins. Depending on the species and location, these ripen from June through August. Thoreau found them to be very tasty and equally good as serviceberries. They were once an important food for Native Americans.

The fruits can be substituted in any recipe calling for blueberries. For pies, most bakers cook huckleberries before adding them to the pie crust. The berries can be frozen, canned, or dried. A wonderful huckleberry cake recipe appears in “The Encyclopedia of Country Living” by Carla Emery.

Recommended Species for Bees

The following species of huckleberries are known to be good bee plants.

Box Huckleberry

Box huckleberry (Gaylussacia brachycera)

Suited for zones five through seven, this evergreen occurs in the Carolinas, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Fairly rare within its range, it is considered to be at risk. Box huckleberry grows on slopes, hills, sandy hammocks and in sandy woods.

The plant prefers sites with partial shade although it tolerates some sun.

Box huckleberry needs a constantly moist, well drained, loose, acid soil. Peaty soils are ideal.

The stems, which are only ½ to 1½ feet in height, form a carpet-like mat of green. Box huckleberry seems to spread indefinitely with an extremely slow growth rate of about six inches per year.

A plant located in Perry County, Pennsylvania in the Amity-Hall area covers 100 to 300 acres. It has been estimated to be around 12,000 to 13,000 years old. Genetic tests have shown this is in fact a single plant and not a colony. This particular plant is believed to have survived the last Ice Age because it was growing in a protected location. The first published report about it appeared around 1949.

A very leafy plant, box huckleberry bears creeping, angled stems that turn up at the tips. These lack the resinous dots found on most other huckleberries. Sometimes, the twigs can be quite hairy.

Box huckleberry is very suitable for rock gardens and as a ground cover.

It is considered to be among the most beautiful of the group mainly due to the lovely foliage that sometimes turns rich bronze in the Fall. The thick, elliptic to oval, deep green, leathery, toothed leaves are 1½ inches long.

The bell-like blooms, only ¼ inch in length, appear from April to May on crowded, short racemes with two to six flowers per stem. The corollas, which can be white, pink, or flesh colored, sometimes have red streaks. The scaly bracts are deciduous. The blue fruits ripen from June to August, according to location.

Black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

Also known as common huckleberry, this drought resistant species is the most widespread huckleberry. Suitable for zones four through nine, its habitats include rocky woodlands, sand scrub, clearings, thickets, bogs, upland woods, rocky balds, sandy barrens, and both dry and moist woods. Found in the entire eastern region with the exceptions of Florida and Louisiana, Its range also extends into Minnesota, Arkansas, and Mississippi.

Black HuckleberryBlack Huckleberry

Resembling dangleberry, this stiff, dense, aromatic, upright, much branched shrub is usually three feet or less in height and equally wide. Its young growth is especially sticky due to the resinous dots. The young stems can be slightly hairy.

The greenish-yellow foliage with small, short, abrupt tips reaches three inches in length. The leaf shape varies from oval to oblong. Both surfaces are covered with sticky dots that make the foliage feel clammy. The leaves provide stunning Fall color.

The clammy blossoms emerge from April through July on one-sided, short, drooping clusters. These flowers feature reddish bracts. The corollas, ½ inch in length, can be reddish-orange, green, or red.

The shiny fruits, ½ inch long, ripen from July to October, depending on location. Mostly blue-black but occasionally white, these are sometimes covered with a blue bloom. This particular species consistently yields a good crop of honey in some areas.

Black huckleberries are the most popular species when it comes harvest time. The fruits were consumed fresh and dried by various Native American tribes, including the Iroquois, Chickasaws, and Cherokee.

Dangleberry

Dangleberry (Gaylussacia frondosa)

This attractive native is also known as blue tangle, dwarf huckleberry, and blue huckleberry. Recommended for zones five through nine, the species occurs throughout the Southeast from Mississippi northward into Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, and along the Atlantic region to New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Its habitats include swamps, thickets, sandy hammocks, scrub, pinelands, clearings, and dry woods.

The plant is most common in coastal regions. Several varieties are found in some areas. Requiring a moist to wet soil, dangleberries prefer light shade to sun.

This slender, branched, rounded shrub with a spreading growth habit can be somewhat taller than most huckleberries. Usually three feet in height with a slightly wider spread, dangleberry sometimes reaches six feet in height. The young stems can be hairy.

The firm, hairy, alternate, glossy, slightly aromatic, green foliage is 2½ inches in length. Mostly elliptical, the leaves can also be oval, rounded, or oblong. They feature small, short, abrupt tips. The undersides are lighter colored with sticky, resinous dots.

The bell-like blooms open on lax, slender, nodding, leafy, bracted, axillary racemes containing five to 10 flowers. The Latin species name refers to the racemes. The greenish or purplish-green blossoms are ½ inch in length.

The flowers feature small, somewhat persistent bracts, five calyces and stamens. The color of the five-lobed corolla varies from pink or purplish-green to whitish-green.

The glossy, dangling, juicy, sweet, edible fruits are ½ inch in diameter. With a whitish bloom, these are so deep blue they’re almost black. Considered excellent quality, these have a spicy flavor. They ripen from July through September.

Dwarf Huckleberry

Dwarf huckleberry (Gaylussacia dumosa)

Also known as bush huckleberry and gopher-berry, this is most suitable for zones five through seven. Its range extends throughout the Southeast northward into Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Maine. Dwarf huckleberry is most common in coastal regions.

It grows in damp sites, sandy swamps, slopes, sandy soils, pinelands, wetlands, bogs, scrub, upland pines, dry prairies, pine flatwoods, sandhills, and dry barrens. Several varieties occur in some regions.

Considered a threatened species in some areas, this low growing, suckering, slightly aromatic shrub is usually one to two feet in height. The creeping, hairy, slender branches arise from underground stems. The twigs are typically hairy or sticky.

The shiny foliage can be semi-evergreen to deciduous. Sometimes toothed, the alternate leaves, which end with a small, short abrupt tip, are usually stalkless. The leaf shape can vary somewhat from oblong to lance-like.

The foliage can reach two inches in length. The undersides of the leaves are hairy and dotted with resinous glands. Some varieties feature hairy glands on both surfaces.

Dwarf hackberry blooms from March to June. The blossoms are slightly larger than those of most other huckleberry species. They appear on downy, loose, very long, leafy, terminal clusters that contain five to 10 flowers.

With many leafy, persistent bracts, the blossoms are less than ½ inch across and either pink or white. The five-parted, bell-like corollas are pink, red, or white.

The black, hairy, globose fruits ripen from June to October, depending on location. While they usually have a pleasing flavor, these are sometimes rather insipid.

Less Common Huckleberry Species

The following species aren’t nearly as widespread as the others. These generally occur in parts of the Southeast.

Bear huckleberry (Gaylussacia ursina) is native to Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Resembling black huckleberry, this graceful, deciduous shrub reaches six feet or more in height. The twigs and undersides of the foliage are hairy. Sometimes red-tinged, the blossoms appear in May and June. This bears glossy, black fruits.

Confederate huckleberry (Gaylussacia nana) is less than three feet in height. Occurring from Alabama to Florida, this spreading shrub features crowded, flat twigs.

Hairy twig or Dangleberry (Gaylussacia tomentosa) is native from Alabama to Florida into North Carolina mostly in coastal regions. The Latin species name describes the hairy twigs. The yellow dotted leaves are hairy beneath. The plant bears greenish blossoms and edible blue fruits.

Woolly huckleberry (Gaylussacia mosieri) occurs from Louisiana to Florida northward into South Carolina mostly in acid bogs, and along streams and other wet places. The plant is named for the very hairy fruits. The blossoms contain five yellow petals and five sepals.

Connie Krochmal writes about plants from her home in Kentucky.

Huckleberry Stock Photos and Images

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  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) blooms along Muddy Lake Trail, New River Area of Critical Environmental Concern, Coos Bay Bureau of Land
  • Wild huckleberry; Swan and Gander Lakes Trail, Waldo Lake Wilderness, Oregon.
  • Early autumn snowfall on Washington’s Mt Rainier with peak autumn colors of huckleberry in Paradise Meadow and Mount Rainier National Park.
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), berries at bush, Germany, Bavaria
  • Banksy image of Huckleberry Finn character New graffiti in Camden Lock on Grand Union canal London UK.
  • Huckleberry
  • Huckleberry leaves with water droplets in the fall at Mt. Rainier, Washington, State
  • Huckleberry Finn House
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  • Huckleberry
  • A red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium)
  • IMMATURE FRUIT OF GARDEN HUCKLEBERRY (SOLANUM X BURBANKII)
  • Huckleberry collecting in the Rocky Mountains
  • Old Coast redwood / Giant redwood stump with regrowth of Red Huckleberry in Van Damme State Park, north California, USA.
  • Glass of huckleberry yogurt
  • WA15997-00…WASHINGTON – Autumn colored huckleberry bushes along the Skyline Trail in Mount Rainier National Park.
  • red coloured leafs of huckleberry in autumn with view to Hohe Tauern range, Hundstein, Dientner Schieferberge range, Dientner Sc
  • Huckleberry Finn
  • Blossoms of huckleberry
  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) blooms along Muddy Lake Trail, New River Area of Critical Environmental Concern, Coos Bay Bureau of Land
  • Huckleberry bushes in autumn at Sawtooth Berry Fields, Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Washington.
  • Early autumn snowfall on Washington’s Mt Rainier with peak autumn colors of huckleberry in Paradise Meadow and Mount Rainier National Park.
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), blueberries, Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia
  • stem and fruit of black huckleberry gaylussacia baccata
  • Lemon Plagodis on Ground Pine. Hoverter & Sholl Box Huckleberry Natural Area, Tuscarora SF, Pennsylvania, June.
  • Vaccinium parvifolium – red huckleberry.
  • Huckleberry Finn House in Hannibal, Missouri
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  • Huckleberry
  • Close-up Of Fresh Huckleberry Fruits
  • GARDEN HUCKLEBERRY (SOLANUM X BURBANKII) FRUIT ON BUSH, SOLANACEAE
  • Organic Homemade Blueberry Huckleberry Preserves on Toast
  • Flowering blue huckleberry
  • Washington State, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest. Old tree trunk and huckleberry
  • WA15998-00…WASHINGTON – Autumn colored huckleberry bushes along the Skyline Trail in Mount Rainier National Park.
  • wild huckleberry in a basket
  • Bilberry, Huckleberry flower (Vaccinium myrtillus), blossoms, medicinal plant
  • Making the Huckleberry Glaze at Tandmen Doughnuts, a small boutique bakery in Missoula, Montana.
  • Autumn huckleberry along Monon Lake Trail, Ollalie Lake Scenic Area, Mt Hood National Forest, Oregon.
  • Vine maple and huckleberry with fall color; Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Cascade Mountains, Washington.
  • fruits, berries of red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), ripe blue berry on a shrub in autumn, Switzerland, Valais
  • The ferry MS Huckleberry Finn of the TT line operating between Rostock and Trelleborg
  • Luna moth (lower left) in low huckleberry growth adjacent to trail. For every time you find a Luna in the open, there are 10 times you spot them in u
  • Ripe forest blueberries (bilberry, whortleberry, blaeberry, huckleberry) in a patterned bowl. Close-up
  • Oak woodland with Huckleberry understory on Mount Tammany on the Kittatinny Ridge, in autumn at Delaware Gap, New Jersey, USA
  • Common huckleberry with ripe berries in summer. Kootenai National Forest in the Purcell Mountains, northwest Montana.
  • Huckleberry
  • Portrait Of Man By His Daughter Plucking Huckleberry From Plant Against Sky
  • GARDEN HUCKLEBERRY (SOLANUM X BURBANKII) FRUIT ON BUSH, SOLANACEAE
  • Organic Homemade Blueberry Huckleberry Preserves on Toast
  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), James Irvine Trail, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, USA
  • Northern highbush blueberry / blue huckleberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) leaf, native to the US against white background
  • Vaccinium parvifolium, Red huckleberry, Red berries growing against a green background.
  • Huckleberry yogurt on breakfast table
  • Bilberry, Huckleberry flower (Vaccinium myrtillus), blossoms, medicinal plant
  • Huckleberry salad served at a restaurant, Montana, USA
  • Autumn huckleberry and blueberry along Monon Lake Trail, Ollalie Lake Scenic Area, Mt Hood National Forest, Oregon.
  • Huckleberry bushes in autumn at Sawtooth Berry Fields, with Mount Saint Helens in the distance; Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Washington.
  • red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium in the western hemlock Tsuga heterophylla – western redcedar Thuja plicata forest Shuswap
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), ripe blue berries in two hands, Germany, Lower Saxony
  • Front cover of a copy of the classic Mark Twain novel, Huckleberry Finn.
  • Fresh picked wild berries.
  • Ripe forest blueberries (bilberry, whortleberry, blaeberry, huckleberry) in a patterned bowl. Close-up
  • Statue of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Hannibal, Missouri
  • Duncecap larkspur wildflowers blooming along the Huckleberry Trail in the North Fork of Teton Canyon. Jedediah Smith Wilderness, Wyoming
  • Huckleberry
  • Black bear autumn huckleberry
  • Best Huckleberry Pie Ever.
  • Organic Homemade Blueberry Huckleberry Preserves on Toast
  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), James Irvine Trail, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, USA
  • Huckleberry leaves in autumn colours
  • Huckleberry Jam Breakfast Croissant Coffee Picnic
  • huckleberry yogurt on breakfast table
  • Bilberry, Huckleberry flower (Vaccinium myrtillus), blossoms, medicinal plant
  • bilberry blue huckleberry detail, healthy herbs naturopathy
  • Autumn huckleberry and blueberry along Monon Lake Trail, Ollalie Lake Scenic Area, Mt Hood National Forest, Oregon.
  • Huckleberry at Paradise, Mt Rainier National Park, Washington
  • fruits red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium in the western hemlock Tsuga heterophylla – western redcedar Thuja plicata forest
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), blueberries, Germany
  • Single blueberry or huckleberry on white background. Studio shoot.
  • Huckleberry cocktail with whipped cream it is isolated on a white background
  • A handful of ripe forest blueberries (bilberry, whortleberry, blaeberry, huckleberry) in the hands of a young woman or girl
  • Statue of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Hannibal, Missouri
  • The Huckleberry Trail passing through a meadow of wildflowers and aspen trees in the North Fork of Teton Canyon in the Teton Mountains. Jedediah Smith
  • Huckleberry
  • USA, Washington State. Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Old tree and huckleberry
  • Huckleberry leaves with water droplets in the fall at Mt. Rainier, Washington, State
  • Organic Homemade Blueberry Huckleberry Preserves on Toast
  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), James Irvine Trail, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, USA
  • Huckleberry leaves in autumn colors and covered with frost
  • Huckleberry Jam Breakfast Croissant Coffee Picnic
  • huckleberry yogurt on breakfast table
  • Bilberry, Huckleberry flower (Vaccinium myrtillus), blossoms, medicinal plant
  • bilberry blue huckleberry detail, healthy herbs naturopathy
  • Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) along North Trail, New River Area of Critical Environmental Concern-Storm Ranch, Oregon.
  • Huckleberry & fir at Paradise, Mt Rainier National Park, Washington
  • TT-Line ferry boat Huckleberry Finn sailing by Baltic sea, leaving Rostock Germany
  • dwarf bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry, low billberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), flower, Switzerland, Valais
  • Single blueberry or huckleberry on white background. Studio shoot.

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