What does a bell flower look like?


Bellflower, (genus Campanula), any of around 420 annual, perennial, and biennial herbs that compose the genus Campanula (family Campanulaceae). Bellflowers have characteristically bell-shaped, usually blue flowers, and many are cultivated as garden ornamentals. They are native mainly to northern temperate regions, Mediterranean areas, and tropical mountains.

  • Bellflower (Campanula)W.H. Hodge
  • harebellHarebell (Campanula rotundifolia).D. Windrim

Tall bellflower, or American bellflower (Campanula americana, formerly Campanulastrum americanum), is found in the moist woodlands of North America and has flowering spikes that may reach 2 m (6 feet) high with saucer-shaped flowers bearing long curved styles. Tussock bellflower, or Carpathian harebell (C. carpatica), has lavender to white bowl-shaped, long-stalked flowers and forms clumps in eastern European meadows and woodlands. Fairy thimbles (C. cochleariifolia), named for its deep nodding blue to white bells, forms loosely open mats on alpine screes. Bethlehem stars (C. isophylla), a trailing Italian species often grown as a pot plant, bears sprays of star-shaped violet, blue, or white flowers. Canterbury bell (C. medium), a southern European biennial, has large pink, blue, or white spikes of cup-shaped flowers. Peach-leaved bellflower (C. persicifolia), found in Eurasian woodlands and meadows, produces slender-stemmed spikes, 30 to 90 cm (12 to 35 inches) tall, of long-stalked outward-facing bells. Rampion (C. rapunculus) is a Eurasian and North African biennial grown for its turniplike roots and leaves, which are eaten in salads for their biting flavour. It produces ascending clusters of long-stalked lilac bells and has basal, broadly oval leaves that form a rosette around the stalk. Rover, or creeping, bellflower (C. rapunculoides) is a European plant that has become naturalized in North America and is named for its spreading rhizomes. Throatwort, or bats-in-the-belfry (C. trachelium), a coarse, erect, hairy Eurasian plant also naturalized in North America, bears clusters of lilac-coloured funnel-shaped flowers. Other cultivated Campanula species from Europe include Adria bellflower (C. garganica, sometimes classified as a variety of C. elatines); clustered bellflower (C. glomerata); milky bellflower (C. lactiflora); great bellflower (C. latifolia); and C. zoysii. See also harebell.

tussock bellflowerClustered bellflower (Campanula glomerata).F.K. Anderson/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.


Bellflowers are a diverse group of plants that come in many sizes and varieties. From diminutive alpine species to upright woodland varieties perfect for cut flowers, there are a number of plants to choose from. However, they all have their signature bell-shape blossoms in common. These cheery little bells grace plants for long periods of time, generally starting in late spring and continuing through summer. No matter what type of garden setting you have, you are bound to find a bellflower that fits your needs.

genus name
  • Campanula
  • Part Sun,
  • Sun
plant type
  • Perennial
  • Under 6 inches,
  • 6 to 12 inches,
  • 1 to 3 feet
  • 6 inches to 3 feet
flower color
  • Blue,
  • Purple,
  • White,
  • Pink
foliage color
  • Blue/Green
season features
  • Spring Bloom,
  • Summer Bloom
problem solvers
  • Drought Tolerant
special features
  • Low Maintenance,
  • Cut Flowers
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6,
  • 7,
  • 8,
  • 9
  • Division,
  • Seed

Bountiful Bells

Bellflowers are such easy to grow plants that they are great plants for a cottage garden. The blossoms are generally composed of five petals fused at the base, creating the trademark bell shape. Depending on the variety, sometimes these bells face upward on little mats of foliage, or they may dangle in the breeze, suspended in pendulous clusters. No matter how they are held, the display of blooms will always be abundant. Bellflowers are among the most popular blue flowers, a tricky color to find in most plants. Although blue is the most common color, you can also find bellflowers in purple, white, and pink, depending on the variety.

See blue flower garden ideas.

Bellflower Care Must-Knows

Because this is such a diverse group of plants, it is always best to research and read labels on specific varieties before choosing one for your garden. Bellflowers are native to so many different geographic areas that what works for one variety may not be ideal for another. With that in mind, there are some basics that can be fairly generalized for the care of bellflowers.

When looking for a place to plant your bellflowers, know that most species prefer well-drained soils. There are a few exceptions that can handle moist soils, and in some cases constant moisture. Many smaller alpine species prefer the opposite and like to grow in sharply drained soil, and some can even grow in rock walls, trough gardens, and other less-than-ideal places. See more plants for trough gardens.

Most bellflowers will perform best in full sun. A few woodland species grow well in part shade and full shade, but for the best flower display, grow plants in full sun. This also helps prevent taller varieties from flopping and needing stakes.

Invasive Potential

Many of the campanula species spread not only by seed, but also underground rhizomes. In many cases, these plants can be extremely vigorous growers and have the potential to become invasive. There are some species already that are classified as such, and caution should be taken before planting them. Check with local agencies, and research specific varieties if you do have any concerns. Once established, these plants can prove to be very difficult to eradicate.

More Varieties of Bellflower

‘Birch Hybrid’ Campanula

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Campanula ‘Birch Hybrid’ is a groundcover that bears 1-inch-long fluted lavender-blue flowers from late spring through late summer if deadheaded. It makes a great rock garden plant. Zones 4-7

Blue Canterbury Bells

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Campanula medium ‘Caerulea’ is an old-fashioned cottage-garden biennial that sends up towering spikes of clear blue flowers. Zones 5-8

Campanula Raddeana

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Campanula raddeana grows 1 foot tall and produces 1-inch-diameter bell-shape flowers midsummer. Zones 5-8

Clustered Bellflower

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Campanula glomerata sports tight clusters of purple blooms on 2-foot-tall stalks in early summer. It quickly spreads to form a large mat. Zones 3-8

Dalmation Bellflower

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Campanula portenschlagiana is a tidy little groundcover or rock-garden plant that grows 4-8 inches tall and 2 feet wide. Violet-blue blooms adorn the plant in late spring to early summer. Zones 4-7

‘Elizabeth’ Hybrid Bellflower

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Campanula ‘Elizabeth’, sometimes called Korean bellflower (Campanula takesimana), is an upright clump-former that grows 2 feet tall. It produces drooping pale pink flowers in summer. Zones 5-8

Peach-leaf Bellflower

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Campanula persicifolia grows a foot tall and wide with fine foliage. In early summer it sends up wiry stems with violet, blue-violet, pink, or white flowers. Zones 3-8

‘Pearl Light Blue’ Carpathian Bellflower

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Campanula carpatica ‘Pearl Light Blue’ has 2-inch-wide, cup-shape flowers that are light blue with a white center. It reblooms all summer if deadheaded regularly. Zones 4-7

‘Pink Octopus’ Campanula

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Campanula ‘Pink Octopus’ has unique flowers that look like a creature from the depths of the sea or outer space. Flowers with straplike pink petals rise a foot above the foliage on plants that spread to 18 inches wide. Zones 5-8

‘Sarastro’ Bellflower

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Campanula ‘Sarastro’ is completely covered in long, bell-shape, deep purple flowers on 18-inch-tall stems in early summer. It reblooms throughout the summer if faded flowers stalks are removed. It spreads to form a large clump. Zones 4-8

Serbian Bellflower

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Campanula poscharskyana grows 4-8 inches tall and produces flaring lilac-blue flowers in late spring and early summer. It’s perfect for growing in walls or between flagstones. Zones 4-7

White Canterbury Bells

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Campanula medium ‘Alba’ is a biennial that produces dramatic 3-foot-tall white flower spires. Zones 5-8

White Peach-Leaf Bellflower

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Campanula persicifolia ‘Alba’ bears pure-white flowers in summer. It grows 3 feet tall and wide. Zones 3-8

Plant Bellflower With:

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The tall spires of a stand of foxglove, rising up in the garden in early summer, is a sight to behold. Most are biennials, that is they need two years to bloom and then die in the fall. But if you can get a stand going, they’ll reseed so prolifically it will seem they’re perennials. To be successful, foxgloves must have rich, moist, well-drained soil and light shade, especially in the afternoon. (They’ll do fine in full sun in the northern third of the country.) These tall plants also need to be out of any wind. Plants may rebloom if deadheaded after the first flush of bloom.

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Phlox are one of those bounteous summer flowers any large sunny flowerbed or border shouldn’t be without. There are several different kinds of phlox. Garden and meadow phlox produce large panicles of fragrant flowers in a wide assortment of colors. They also add height, heft, and charm to a border. Low-growing wild Sweet William, moss pinks, and creeping phlox are effective as ground covers at the front of the border, and as rock and wild garden plants, especially in light shade. These native gems have been hybridized extensively, especially to toughen the foliage against mildew problems; many recent selections are mildew-resistant. Phlox need amply moist soil for best overall health.

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Also known as red valerian for its rosy pink flowers, Jupiter’s beard is one of the longest-blooming perennials in the garden, provided you remove spent flower heads. Deadheading not only prolongs bloom, but also prevents self seeding. In some regions, Jupiter’s beard has escaped from gardens and become a non-native wildflower.

The Best Easy-Care Perennials

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Did you know there are many different types of bellflowers? We list out, describe and show photos for the 14 most common kinds of bellflowers. This is your ultimate bellflower article.

Also known as genus Campanula, bellflowers belong to Campanulaceae family. These flowers are bell-shaped, star-shaped, or tubular-shaped, and they come in pretty hues like pink, white, red, blue, or purple.

These utterly pleasant blooms are native to northern temperate regions, tropical mountains, and Mediterranean parts of the world. While these multi- shaped flowers come in various kinds, each one of them is worth planting if you aim to enhance the overall appeal and aura of your home or garden.

Basically, bellflowers consist of two major categories. The first type includes the ones that grow out to be tall and upright, an ideal choice for your garden borders. The second category includes bellflowers that are lower in height, making them perfect for your garden edging or rock garden.

All flower lovers out there will be delighted to find out that bellflowers can grow perfectly both indoors as outdoors. So if you are interested in having a bunch of vibrant bellflowers gracing the balcony of your house, you must plant them in spring for their healthy growth.

These happy sunny flowers typically begin to bloom in early to mid-summer and last till the chilling fall season. Owing to their winter hardiness, bellflowers are capable of surviving the cold winter days. Hence, these low-maintenance blooms need little protection and can do just fine with the help of mulching.

With over 300 species, it is indeed interesting to find out so many different types of bellflowers. If you are curious to discover some popular types of bellflowers that every knowledgeable gardener must probably be well-versed in, you have landed on the right page.

Continue reading this insightful blog to get a sneak peek into the important facts and details about the different types of bellflowers.

1. Birch Hybrid

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This eye-catching dwarf collection of perennials is the perfect choice for your rock gardens, cottage gardens, and edging. You may find these low-growing blooms in a bell-shape, showing off an attractive violet blue hue all the while.

Ideally, these flowers thrive from early summer days to early fall months and grow 4 to 6 inches in height and 8 to 12 inches in width.

2. Campanula Punctata

Also called the “spotted bellflower,” this heart-shaped bloom has a rich creamy white and dusk pink shade to it with lovely red spots and delicate hair.

To intensify the beauty of your garden, plant your very own campanula punctata in a sunny area with partial garden shade or full sun. The right method to grow spotted bellflower is to always sow its seeds in a container in either spring or summer.

This low-growing flower is native to Japan and Siberia.

3. Viking Bellflower

Distinctly known for its upright spikes, this bell-shaped flower is a favorite among hummingbirds!

This garden-boosting flower blooms in a purple color that can instantly make your garden more vibrant and refreshing.

Because it is a low maintenance flower and pest-free in nature, the Viking bellflower is often a common choice among garden experts and garden lovers.

4. Clustered Bellflower

With their scientific name as campanula glomerata, clustered bellflowers, as the name suggests, are a bunch of dense violet-blue to white looking clusters. These charming and vigorous flowers are typical bell-like in shape and grow up to 6 to 24 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide.

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Nourish these flowers with regular water and rich soil, and they will rapidly spread out in thick numbers in no time.

Clustered bellflowers fall into two main categories:

Campanula Glomerata Var. Acaulis

This type of clustered bloom has a bell-shape with deep-purple clusters that mature in late spring to early summer. Another most noticeable feature about this lively bloom is that it grows and spreads out quicker than any other flower plant, provided that it is well taken care of.

Campanula Glomerata Var. Alba

This clustered bellflower will literally serve as a breath of fresh air in your home garden. It usually blooms in late spring to early summer with the height and width of 18 to 24 inches.

Having fresh green leaves and a shape like a lance, Campanula Glomerata Var. Alba is easy to pair with any other blooming bounty.

It is advised to plant this clustered bellflower along with other plants for the best visual effect.

5. Campanula Lactifora 🔥 TIP: !

One of the enchanting varieties of milky bellflowers, campanula lactifora gives the garden a stately appeal with its tall, star-shaped, and soft lavender open clusters.

These superb blooms mix and match well with all kinds of flowers, especially red roses. So throw in some campanula lactifora in your garden border and make your garden worth the second glance. In addition to being pest-resistant, this utterly romantic bloom keeps deer and rabbits away too!

Campanula Lactifora also consists of two other varieties worth mentioning:

Loddon Anna Flowers

These amazing blooms with their pleasing hues of milky white or soft pink can uplift your otherwise lusterless lawn.

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As a must-have garden asset, Loddon Anna shows off its glorious blooming display in early or late summer months. Generally, these clump-based perennials grow up to 4 feet and 2 feet across.

Prichard’s Variety

This is the kind of perennial that, like Loddon Anna, produces round-shaped violet-blue clusters that are embellished with a white center.

Get to see them in full bloom from balmy summers to mellow fall by keeping them protected in partial shade during warmer seasons. Make sure that you nurture them with fertile, alkaline, or neutral soil and lots of moisture.

6. Canterbury Bells

This biennial flower plant swanks pretty pink clusters of bell-shaped blooms that grow roughly 12 to 18 inches across and 20 to 26 inches in height. Like their bellflower counterparts, these heart-melting flowers are easy to grow and care for.

Not only do nature enthusiasts adore Canterbury bells, but the bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds love them just as much. Wherever you may spot Canterbury bells, you sure will see these lovely creatures roving around them.

7. Adriatic Bellflower

Campanula garganica “Dickinson’s Gold” is unlike the other types of bellflowers due to their distinctive clump-forming foliage that produces bright, cheery lavender-blue flowers, covering the entire plant like a charming blanket.

Always keep this plant away from other delicate ones to avoid getting them damaged.

8. Korean Bellflower

Known to bloom from early summer until fall, the Korean Bellflower boasts of pale purple-pink blooms with dark spots inside. It is also adorned with bright green leaves that enhance the overall beauty of the flower, enriching it even more.

The lightly-scented blooms need to be provided with partial or full sun, depending on the area you live in.

9. Bluebell

Supremely delicate yet attractive, bluebell flowers loosely hang due to their weak and slender shape. Starting in early summer, you will often find these dreamy blooms dancing in the summer breeze.

A fun trivia: Bluebell develops a basal rosette – a small, round leaf which withers away even before the flower is born.

10. Peach-Leaved Bellflower

While the name hints that the flower may possess a peach hue but in actuality, the beautiful flower comes in shades ranging between white to violet.

Regarded as Finland’s most crowd-attracting wildflower, the campanula persicifolia is an evergreen flower plant that stays abloom most of the year.

Did you know that this bellflower is a perennial, commonly pollinated by bumblebees, honeybees, and flies?

Note that peach-leaved flowers are of two more kinds:

Chettle Charm

Campanula persicifolia ‘Chettle Charm’ is a creamy-white flower that is sprinkled with pale blue dots at the edges of their petals.

It blooms in early to late summer and grows up to 30 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 18 inches wide. If you are looking for flowers for the border or mixed containers, look no further than the Chettle Charm.

Blue-eyed Blonde

Having the botanical name – Campanula persicifolia, blue-eyed blonde offers both foliage and flowers.

Below the tall, upright spikes of intense blue flowers are golden hued leaves that will provide a stellar color and contrast to your garden.

11. Cobaea Scandens

This uniquely-shaped flower boasts a cup-like shape, and hence its alternative name is Cup and Saucer Vine. Initially, it has a dull green color but as the flower grows, it quickly changes its color to purple or white. This honey-scented bloom has the green calyx as its base which eventually becomes the saucer.

For the perfect growth, cobaea scandens need full sun and, unlike other flowers, they can easily thrive in ordinary soil.

12. Serbian Bellflower

There is a reason why Serbian bellflower is known as the blue waterfall. That’s because this stupendous flower produces a bunch of lavender-blue blooms, each of them in a star shape with a 1-inch diameter.

The ideal time for Serbian flowers to blossom is from late spring to early fall, so make sure that you sow the seeds at the beginning of spring.

Planting and looking after your own Serbian bellflower won’t be a burden as it is not a high maintenance flower.

13. Dalmatian Bellflower

FYI, Dalmatia is an ancient name for Croatia – a Southeastern Europe country where the flower is indigenous. With the botanical name of Campanula portenschlagiana, this herbaceous plant stays green all winter.

In springtime, the old leaves start to wither with the production of new leaves to replace them. Just as the new leaves begin to appear, it is best to get rid of the brown leaves to keep your plant fresh and anew.

It is believed and observed that this perennial grows up to the height of six inches when allowed to grow out properly. For their proper growth, make sure to plant them in growing zones 4 to 7 and must keep them under full sun or partial shade. Don’t forget to water the plants daily as the plant grows best with moist soil.

14. Carpathian Bellflower

Also known as tussock bellflower, Carpathian bellflowers come in colors like blue, purple, and white and take a long time to come into full bloom. Most of these charismatic flowers easily grow in rock gardens, wall crevices, and troughs.

These perennial plants stay abloom for several weeks from early spring to early fall, and they can grow 6 to 8 inches tall and 8 to 12 inches wide.

If you are on the lookout for flowers that will be ideal for beds, borders, containers, edging, and underplanting shrubs, you will surely find one (or more) for each of them!

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Tags: Flowers Categories: Gardens and Landscaping

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Learn About Campanulas

Common Campanula Disease Problems

Anthracnose: The first visible sign is a circular spot on the skin that is slightly sunken. The spots enlarge and turn black. Extended periods of heat and humidity facilitate anthracnose growth. The fungus overwinters in diseased plant debris. Burpee Recommends: Provide sufficient space between plants for good air circulation, avoid overhead watering which can spread the fungus spores, keep a clean garden, remove and discard all diseased plant material and rotate crops. Use a mulch to prevent spores from splashing from the soil onto plants.

Botrytis: This fungus causes a grey mold on flowers, leaves, stems and buds. It thrives in cool wet weather conditions. Burpee Recommends: Remove affected plant parts, avoid watering at night and getting water on the plant when watering, make sure plants have good air circulation. Contact your Cooperative Extension Service for fungicide recommendations.

Damping Off: This is one of the most common problems when starting plants from seed. The seedling emerges and appears healthy; then it suddenly wilts and dies for no obvious reason. Damping off is caused by a fungus that is active when there is abundant moisture and soils and air temperatures are above 68 degrees F. Typically, this indicates that the soil is too wet or contains high amounts of nitrogen fertilizer. Burpee Recommends: Keep seedlings moist but do not overwater; avoid over-fertilizing your seedlings; thin out seedlings to avoid overcrowding; make sure the plants are getting good air circulation; if you plant in containers, thoroughly wash them in soapy water and rinse in a ten per cent bleach solution after use.

Powdery Mildew: This fungus disease occurs on the top of the leaves in humid weather conditions. The leaves appear to have a whitish or greyish surface and may curl. Burpee Recommends: Avoid powdery mildew by providing good air circulation for the plants by good spacing and pruning. Contact your Cooperative Extension Service for fungicide recommendations.

Root Rots: A number of pathogens cause root rots of seedlings as well as mature roots. Burpee Recommends: Pull up and discard infected plants. Make sure your soil has excellent drainage. Contact your Cooperative Extension Service for recommendations.

Common Campanula Pest and Cultural Problems

Aphids: Greenish, red, black or peach colored sucking insects can spread disease as they feed on the undersides of leaves. They leave a sticky residue on foliage that attracts ants. Burpee Recommends: Introduce or attract natural predators into your garden such as lady beetles and wasps who feed on aphids. You can also wash them off with a strong spray, or use an insecticidal soap.

Slugs: These pests leave large holes in the foliage or eat leaves entirely. They leave a slime trail, feed at night and are mostly a problem in damp weather. Burpee Recommends: Hand pick, at night if possible. You can try attracting the slugs to traps either using cornmeal or beer. For a beer trap, dig a hole in the ground and place a large cup or bowl into the hole; use something that has steep sides so that the slugs can’t crawl back out when they’re finished. Fill the bowl about ¾ of the way full with beer, and let it sit overnight. In the morning, the bowl should be full of drowned slugs that can be dumped out for the birds to eat. For a cornmeal trap, put a tablespoon or two of cornmeal in a jar and put it on its side near the plants. Slugs are attracted to the scent but they cannot digest it and it will kill them. You can also try placing a barrier around your plants of diatomaceous earth or even coffee grounds. They cannot crawl over these.

Spider Mites: These tiny spider-like pests are about the size of a grain of pepper. They may be red, black, brown or yellow. They suck on the plant juices removing chlorophyll and injecting toxins which cause white dots on the foliage. There is often webbing visible on the plant. They cause the foliage to turn yellow and become dry and stippled. They multiply quickly and thrive in dry conditions. Burpee Recommends: Spider mites may be controlled with a forceful spray every other day. Try hot pepper wax or insecticidal soap. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for miticide recommendations.

Thrips: Thrips are tiny needle-thin insects that are black or straw colored. They suck the juices of plants and attack flower petals, leaves and stems. The plant will have a stippling, discolored flecking or silvering of the leaf surface. Thrips can spread many diseases from plant to plant. Burpee Recommends: Many thrips may be repelled by sheets of aluminum foil spread between rows of plants. Remove weeds from the bed and remove debris from the bed after frost. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls.

Whitefly: These are small white flying insects that often rise up in a cloud when plants are disturbed or brushed against. Burpee Recommends: They are difficult to control without chemicals. Try hot pepper wax or insecticidal soap. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for pesticide recommendations.

Campanula Propagation – How To Plant Campanula Seed

Since most are biennial, propagating campanula plants, or bellflowers, is often required in order to enjoy their blooms each year. Although the plants may readily self-seed in some areas, many people simply choose to collect seeds for campanula propagation their selves. Of course, they can also be propagated through transplanting or division.

How to Plant Campanula Seed

Growing campanula from seed is easy; but if you’re planting seeds for campanula propagation, you’ll need to do so at least eight to ten weeks prior to spring. Since the seeds are so small, they barely need covering. Simply sprinkle them over a seed-starting tray filled with moist peat or potting mix (with about three seeds per cell) and cover them lightly. Then place the tray in a warm location (65-70 F./18-21 C.) with plenty of sun and keep it moist.

You can also scatter the seeds directly into the garden and gently rake some soil over them. Within about two to three weeks, campanula sprouts should appear.

Transplanting & Propagating Campanula through Division

Once they reach about 4 inches tall, you can begin transplanting the campanula seedlings into the garden or larger, individual pots. Make sure they have well-draining soil in a fairly sunny location.

When planting, make the hole large enough to accommodate the seedling but not too deep, as the top portion of the roots should remain at ground level. Water well after planting. Note: The seedlings normally don’t bloom during their first year.

You can also propagate campanula through division. This is usually done in spring once new growth appears. Dig at least 8 inches from the plant all the way around and gently lift the clump from the ground. Use your hands, a knife, or spade shovel to pull or cut apart the plant into two or more rooted sections. Replant these elsewhere at the same depth and in similar growing conditions. Water thoroughly after planting.

Planting Instructions for Campanula (bellflower):

Bloom Time: Summer Light: Full sun to part shade
Soil: Average to loamy, well-drained Moisture: Average to dry, drought tolerant once established
Planting Depth: 1/2 to 1″ deep, mulch lightly Spacing: 15 to 18″ (spreading varieties may need more room)

Upon arrival: Unpack box and check that you have everything on your packing list. Bare root Campanula should be dry in storage, so if condensation has formed on the inside of the bag, open and let it air out. Plant everything within a day or two.

Soil/Location: Plant your Campanula in a sun to part shade in average to rich, well-drained soil. Add compost or peat humus to enrich and loosen the soil if needed, but they are very adaptable to almost any soil conditions. Remember to keep the soil light and airy for perennials, so cover them with loose soil and don’t pack it in after planting, and if needed build up above heavy soil rather than trying to plant into it.

Moisture: Bellflowers don’t require much moisture, even after they are actively growing. Early season plantings and plants that have no foliage should be started on the dry side. During that time we like to bury the roots, water lightly once and then allow them to be a little on the dry side when there isn’t any foliage. When actively growing they can be watered a couple times a week if needed, allowing the soil to dry out between watering, however they are quite drought tolerant once established.

Spacing: 15 to 18″ or more

Depth: Plant with the top of the crown about 1/2 to 1″ below soil level. New sprouts will emerge at slightly varying depths and no roots or crown should be showing after planting. Mulch lightly around the plants for weed prevention.

General Instructions: Amend your garden with compost or peat humus to enrich or loosen the soil, if needed, however Campanula are very adaptable to any loose, well-draining soil. Mix a couple teaspoons of garden food or bone meal into the planting hole if desired. Plant the roots as listed above, then water in once lightly. They prefer a slightly dry start when they are dormant in spring and have no foliage. Once they are actively growing it is alright to give them supplemental water once in a while, just don’t let them sit in wet soil or they could struggle or rot.

Landscape Uses: Campanula carpatica is a good choice for rock gardens or as an edging plant. Use the taller bellflowers at the middle or back of the border. Plant clustered bellflower in a moist spot with Siberian iris, Ligularia, or ferns. Campanula punctata should be planted with caution as some varieties are highly invasive, but in the right setting the flowers are fantastic. Campanula ‘Bernice’ is a wonderful clumping variety that works well in the middle of the perennial garden as a nice, upright accent plant.

Bell Flower Stock Photos

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Many, many people love and adore this flower but find it hard to get the right variety. By the right variety I mean the one that grows tight over rocks and stones and gets into crevices in walls. Well, ‘Mrs. Rosholt’ is the name of this variety. ‘Mrs. Resholt’ is a low-growing, spreading, semi-evergreen to evergreen perennial with small kidney or heart-shaped, toothed, mid-green leaves and racemes of star-shaped, mid- to violet blue flowers in summer. It is not a difficult variety to grow but a few rules apply:

Rule No 1

While campanula loves dry conditions it need to be well watered till it gets established .

Rule no 2

You will needs patience ,while this plants grows fast it does take a while to get established.

Rule no 3

The best time to stick this plant into crevices of walls is October, but you will not get this plant for sale then as it is always sold out in early May.

Rule no 4

Buy plants now and grow them on in the ground or in larger pots and containers – this will give you a ready supply of material that you can stick into crevices and holes. These will get anchored in over winter and start to grow the following Spring, giving you your required effect you had wished for.

Rule no 5

Campanula is good combined with other rockery plants, especially aubretia, the purple spring flowering rock plant that most people confuse with campanula. A combined planting will give you a prolonged flowering season from Spring right through to late summer.

Planting instructions:

Campanula loves well drained soil, so add lots of grit if you are planting in the ground or in pots. If planting into stones walls, just use some wet soil mixed with Westland slow-release fertilizer. Campanula can be evergreen in dry conditions, but in damper soils will lose its foliage for winter.

Description: A good neat, clone of this vigorous alpine plant which is smothered in deep purple flowers in mid-summer. It makes an excellent wall plant. Grow in a soil that is not too dry in sun or semi-shade. May-Aug. Height approx. 15Cm, spreading habit.

Campanula (Bellflower)

Interesting facts about Campanula:

These flowers have some interesting legends associated with them.
The most famous is story about Venus.
Venus, the Goddess of love and beauty of Rome, was vain and beautiful. She had a magic mirror that anyone who looked into it would appear beautiful and see nothing but beauty. Unfortunately for Venus, one day she lost her precious mirror and an unsuspecting shepherd boy found it. He started looking at himself into the mirror and, overwhelmed by happy feelings, decided to keep that mirror with him.
The beautiful Goddess frantically called Cupid to find the mirror on Earth and retrieve her possession. Cupid found the shepherd boy and implored him to return the mirror. It was too late. The shepherd boy was under the mirrors spell and could not willingly give away the mirror. In his intent to retrieve the godly mirror, Cupid shot shepherds hand with an arrow to make him release the mirror. The mirror hit the ground and shattered into small pieces. Everywhere a fragment of it landed on the ground, a beautiful bellflowers began to grow.

“Campanula rapunculus”, also known as “Rampion” was often cultivated for its edible root. Its roots used to be eaten, raw or cooked, often mixed with other root vegetables.
The leaves were said to be rich in vitamin C, and young shoots in spring can apparently be blanched and cooked like asparagus.

In many cases, these plants can be extremely vigorous growers and have the potential to become invasive.

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