- Indiana Berry
- Raspberry, Fall Gold
- Fall Gold Raspberry
- Types of Raspberries
- Choosing and Storing Raspberries
- Types of Raspberry Based on Color
- Summer Bearing
- 12 things you didn’t know about raspberries
- They are thought to help pregnant women
- Scotland is an unlikely raspberry haven
- Raspberries are ancient
- There are over 200 species of raspberries
- They come in all sorts of colours
- They are really involved in the berry family tree
- They aggregate
- The raspberry is super seedy
- Raspberries are deeply symbolic
- They were once thought to be curative too
- They don’t continue to ripen when picked
- Fresh Frozen Organic Golden Raspberries
- Golden Raspberries: Pale Packs a Punch
Raspberry & Blackberries
Both members of the genus Rubus, are collectively known as brambles. All brambles have a perennial root system which produces canes that are either biennial (grow for 2 years) or annual. During the first growing year, the canes are vegetative and are known as primocanes. In the second growing season, the canes become reproductive and bear fruit. Following fruiting, these 2-year-old canes, now called floricanes, die. At the same time, the bramble plant is also producing new primocanes. Under good care, the plant will normally grow and bear fruit for ten years.
Selecting a planting site The planting site should receive full sun and have good air drainage. Brambles should not be grown in an area in which tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, peppers or other crops susceptible to Verticillium wilt have been grown in the past 3-4 years. To avoid getting diseases from wild brambles, all wild brambles within 600 feet of your planting should be removed. Heavy or poorly drained soil should be avoided as bramble roots cannot tolerate a water saturated soil condition. Even areas that pond after it rains should be avoided. You should prepare your bramble site at least one year prior to planting. Work to build up organic matter and eliminate perennial weeds. A pH of 5.5 to 6.5 is desirable and the pH should not be below 5.5 or above 7 as serious problems will arise. Contact a fertilizer supplier or your County Extension Office for testing procedures and to determine the best way to amend your soil.
How to plant your brambles Brambles should be planted on deep, well-drained loamy soils. They can be grown on sandy soils if irrigated. Ninety percent of the bramble root system is in the top 20 inches of the soil-so proper fertilizer and an ample supply of water is important. Set your plants in trenches large enough to contain the roots without crowding. Separate the roots in half and spread out on both sides of the cane. Set all brambles one inch deeper than they were in the nursery. You can determine the proper depth by the dark brown color line on the cane.
Fall Red Primocane- Plant 2′ to 3′ apart. Cut cane off at ground level at the time of planting. Entire planting is cut back at ground level each fall or winter after plants are completely dormant and before any growth starts in the spring. Allow plants to sucker and keep rows about 18″ wide. The roots should only be covered with approximately 2″ of soil. Be sure to press dirt firmly about the roots and water well to prevent air pockets. If the weather is dry, put on a light straw mulch. Blackberry roots are particularly sensitive to sunlight so it is very important to keep the root covered as much as possible while plants are out of the ground and if possible, plant on an overcast day. If there are any wild brambles growing around or near your new planting, they should be dug up and destroyed to prevent the possibility of their carrying diseases.
Fertilize Apply 3-5 days after planting, use 1 cup per 10 feet of row, spread evenly with a 12″ circle around the plant but no closer than 6″ from the cane.
2nd Year apply 1/2 cup per 10 feet of row in the spring when new growth starts and again after harvest.
3rd Year apply 3/4 cup per 10 feet of row in the spring when new growth starts and again after harvest.
Irrigation Ample amounts of water are needed for a healthy bramble planting, but never standing water. Newly planted plants should be watered well. Producing fields need up to two inches of water per week. This is especially true during fruit development and up to harvest. The use of mulch can help maintain and moderate fluctuations in available moisture but may increase your chances of developing root disease. Therefore we do not recommend using mulch after the first year.
Pruning Fall/Everbearing/Primocane Bearing
Raspberries and Blackberries:
To prune Primocane bearing berries for a single, late-season crop simply cut them back to the ground each year in late winter or early spring. It is important to cut canes as close to the ground as possible so that new buds will break from below the soil surface. If canes are not cut low enough, fruiting laterals may form on any remaining cane portion. These fruiting laterals are not healthy and are entry sites for insects and disease. While these varieties can produce fruit twice a year, July and again in the fall, the small July crop does not justify the added labor involved.
Anthrocnose Control Where good sanitation is used (old fruited and infected canes are removed from the field), Anthracnose may not be a problem, especially on red raspberries. Where cane diseases are a problem, primarily black and purple raspberries, Lime Sulfur is very important. Lime sulfur is recommended for use on brambles as a delayed-dormant application in early spring (when buds show 1/4-inch green), it can label. If applied later in the season (after 1/4-inch green), it can cause severe damage to leaves and young canes. Lime sulfur is recommended for control of the cane-infecting fungi (anthracnose, cane blight, and spur blight). The delayed dormant application in spring is intended to eliminate or reduce the overwintering inoculums for these diseases on canes. Lime sulfur has a bad smell (rotten eggs) so there can be a problem spraying it around your neighbors. In addition, lime sulfur is very caustic. It is harmful to machine parts, paint (especially on cars) and sprayers. Special care should be taken to avoid drift and proper protective clothing should be worn by the applicator.
Advantages of raised beds Medium to heavy soils often lack the proper drainage needed to successfully grow brambles. as Phytophthora Root Rot, a soil-borne fungus is commonly associated with poorly drained locations. raised beds can be a positive cultural step for control of the disease. Results of experiments show an 87% increase in yields on raised bramble beds. Raised bed production has long been considered an important cultural method for improving soil drainage. Even efforts for an 8-10″ bed will be worth the investment. Research has shown, raised beds are an important step for increasing yields in Phytophthora susceptible bramble varieties.
Helful Info Arizona –Arkansas– California –Colorado– Florida – Georgia –Idaho– Illinois –Indiana–Iowa–KansasKentucky– Maine – Maryland –Michigan– Minnesota – Missouri – Montana – Nebraska – New Hampshire New Mexico – New York – North Carolina – North Dakota – Ohio – Oklahoma – Oregon – Pennsylvania –
South Dakota – Tennessee – Utah – Vermont – Virginia – Wisconsin
Raspberry, Fall Gold
- Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients. Control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating.
- Add mulch each year as needed.
- Keep plants well-watered during the growing season, especially during dry spells. Plants need about 1-2″ of rain per week during the growing season. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
- In the spring, before leaves sprout, apply a granular fertilizer following the instructions on the label. Most new growth will come from the plant’s crown under the soil. Plants use a lot of energy in spring when growth begins, so do not let plants dry out.
- Remove all wild brambles near cultivated varieties to prevent virus diseases.
- Pruning Standard Raspberries:
- Do not prune the first year EXCEPT to remove dead, damaged or diseased wood.
- Each spring select 5 or 6 of the most vigorous new canes and cut them back to 30 inches tall. All other canes can be removed.
- Remove and destroy canes immediately after they fruit in their second summer. They will not bear again.
- Add a summer topping to encourage side shoots off the canes to the pruning done in early spring and after harvest. Pinch back 3-4 inches off shoots up to 24 inches tall.
- Pruning Everbearing Raspberries:
- Do not prune the first year EXCEPT to remove dead, damaged or diseased wood.
- Each spring select 5 or 6 of the most vigorous new canes and cut them back to 30 inches tall. All other NEW canes can be removed.
- Do not remove last year’s fruiting canes- they will fruit again in early summer. Pinch back 3-4 inches off their lateral branches.
- Expect new canes to fruit in the fall of their first year and in early summer of their second year.
- Remove and destroy old canes immediately after their second fruit in early summer of their second year. They will not bear again.
- Monitor for Pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
- Cane fruits may need support to help prevent against wind damage and make for easier harvest. Tie canes to wire that is strung parallel between two posts at either end of the row.
Fall Gold Raspberry
Everbearing, 2 Crops per Season
Gold isn’t just for jewelry. Imagine a plant that produces two abundant crops of juicy golden berries each year! The Fall Gold Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) rivals the beauty of most flowering plants and the productivity of other fruit producing varieties. This amazing everbearing raspberry plant produces tasty golden berries in a rare and delightful golden color. You’ll be rich in flavorful berries that will pique your neighbors’ interest.
You will want to plant several of these wonderful plants along your fence line or right beside your patio where you can reach out and pluck a few for an afternoon snack. How cool to grow your own crop of raspberries to harvest whenever you like.
These large berries aren’t just beautiful. They’re also delicious! These berries may be a rare and an exotic color, but they are equally as sweet as traditional red raspberries. They have the ideal balance of sweetness and tartness. And visitors will surely ask about the interesting appearance of these berries.
Berry lovers adore these berries for their versatility. These berries are scrumptious fresh, canned, or as preserves. You’ll love their excellent flavor and that they’re good for you, too. They are rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, fiber, and manganese.
What is an everbearing raspberry bush? An everbearing plant has the unique ability to produce two crops of fruit each year. This one produces one crop on each of its second year biennial canes.
Fall Gold produces a fall crop on the top 1/3 of the canes and a second crop the following spring on the bottom 2/3 of the canes. .
Wildlife also goes crazy for these berries. If you want to feed your local butterflies and birds, this plant will surely do the job. Otherwise, cover them with bird netting.
Luckily, the Fall Gold Raspberry is very cold tolerant. It can survive and continues to thrive when the temperature drops down to 25 degrees below zero. It should be planted in slightly acid, moist and well-drained soil that is organically rich for best performance. If you have clay soil, try growing them in raised beds for abundant and big berries. Full sun or partial shade also assist in keeping your Fall Gold Raspberry healthy and happy.
If you need more berries in your life, you need a Fall Gold Raspberry. This hardy, gorgeous, rare variety will surely please your palate and add beauty to your yard.
Types of Raspberries
Most cultivated raspberries are red, but there are also varieties in yellow, apricot, and amber, which are relatively similar in flavor and texture. Purple and black raspberries have a different, slightly sweeter, flavor.
The raspberries that we buy in stores typically come from the West Coast, and are mainly available from June through October. However, in the northeastern United States, local varieties are available at farm stands and farmers’ markets from midsummer to late summer.
Here are the varieties of raspberries that you may find in stores or at farmers’ markets:
Black raspberries: Also called “blackcaps,” these North American natives are blue-black, round, and small. They have a whitish “bloom” on the outside of the berry, which might be mistaken for mold, but it’s a normal feature of the berry. Like the red raspberry, black raspberries are hollow, with no core. They have a unique, rich taste that is reminiscent of both red raspberries and blackberries.
Golden raspberries: Described as tasting like a combination of apricots, bananas, and raspberries, these are deep gold in color and rich in flavor.
Purple raspberries: These berries are hybrids of black and red raspberries. The fruits are purple with a white “bloom.”
Red raspberries: These are the most popular and often the largest varieties, and have colorful names such as Autumn Bliss, Crimson Giant, and Jaclyn. Red raspberries are what you find in most supermarkets. They’re bred for size and relative firmness.
Raspberries remain one of the most consumed berries around the world owing to their sweet juicy taste, rich color, and the power of antioxidants that comes as part of the package. With hundreds of varieties of raspberries available, it’s not easy to choose the best ones, especially as several new varieties are introduced every year through rigorous breeding programs. Amazingly though, each variety consists of a unique combination of minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Before we examine each type, let’s learn some insights into how to choose and store raspberries:
Choosing and Storing Raspberries
Brightly colored raspberries that are plump, full and meaty are the ones you should be looking for. Additionally, if you’re able to grab some sweetly perfumed raspberries that don’t leave any juice stains and have soft floss to their skins, eat them immediately. They’re the perfect, ripened raspberries.
However, be wary of shriveled or flattened berries that are pressed against each other in the container. Also, juice stains on the container is an indication of over-ripened raspberries. If you happen to pick raspberries for yourself, avoid pulling those out that do not slip off the stem easily. The perfectly ripened ones should release effortlessly. If they turn up in a container, those with green caps appended were surely picked too early as it clearly indicates they were pulled out forcefully. Don’t accept those!
If you need to store your raspberries, choose a wide shallow container to avoid any crushing or bruising. Make sure you don’t keep them exposed to the sun. To prevent them from losing their texture, don’t wash them unless you plan to use them.
Source: Harvest to table
Types of Raspberry Based on Color
Here, we classify the most admired popular of raspberries based on their colors:
Red raspberries are often the largest and most popular varieties that you find the most in supermarkets. What sets them apart from others are their size and relative firmness. As you’ll see here, Red raspberries have more varieties than any other types:
Introduced in 1960, Boyne is the summer-producing red raspberry that grows early-season in extreme arctic climates. When it ripens in mid-July, it is medium-sized and is full of flavor. Whether you eat them fresh, store them in containers, freeze them or serve them as desserts, they’re an excellent choice with a sweet and aromatic flavor. Boyne raspberry plants are extremely winter hardy and normally produce medium-sized, deep-red berries.
Unlike other raspberry varieties that are subject to winter injury damage, Boyne doesn’t require trellising to support the canes to ensure abundant fruit production. Boyne is grown on zones 3-6 and its plants are characterized by dwarf canes, simplifying the picking process.
Source: Boyne Raspberry
Heritage is one of the most amazing red raspberries available in the market. Comprising of large, bright-red, firm berries, Heritage is a superior quality fruit. The summer crop starts ripening from July, while the fall crop matures from September and keeps ripening until frost.
Known for bearing exceptional quality, the fall crop is better in quality than the summer crop. Since the plants are characterized by sturdy upright canes, no staking is required. Heritage plants can be grown in poor soil, but proper draining is required. Ideal for fresh consumption, heritage can also be stored frozen and used for making jellies/jams.
Latham is an easy-to-pick summer-bearing red raspberry that adapts well to a range of soil types. The upright, thorny shrub produces mid-sized, flavorful, sweet raspberries can be eaten fresh, canned or frozen. The plant is both cold-hardy and self-pollinating and has an upright growth habit.
However, Latham shrub may contain glasshouse red spider mite, leafhoppers, aphids, raspberry leaf, and bud mite, and raspberry beetle. It may also be affected by viruses like raspberry rust, powdery mildews, raspberry spur light or raspberry cane blight.
Prelude is a self-pollinating, cold-hardy red raspberry that is the earliest to harvest in summer with a bonus harvest in fall. It freezes pretty well and is often used in jams and/or desserts.
The plant erect and vigorous plant is resistant to the Phytophthora root rot disease. It’s highly productive and easy to pick. Primocane, the fall-bearing crop that ripens in September, is bigger than florican, the summer bearing crop that ripens in July.
Source: Stark bros
Bababerry raspberry is an extra-large red variety that can grow up to an inch and a half long. Excellent for eating fresh, canning or freezing, it offers a fine flavor. The plant performs well in the warmest climates of the US and withstands low temperatures as well. It offers a larger crop in June than in autumn.
Canby raspberries are large, tasty, high-quality, bright-red raspberries that were first introduced in 1953. The summer crop is abundant, supported by the strong canes. This variety is ideal for freezing, cooking, canning or eating fresh. To ensure support, they must be planted near a wall or a fence.
September is a variety that offers medium-sized, tart, juicy berries that are sure to excite the taste buds for breakfast. In most northern states, it produces a crop in two seasons: a light crop in June followed by a heavy crop in September. In some southern states, it is common for September raspberry to ripen in August, yet, the strongest flavors emerge during the harvest in September.
It is suitable for fresh-eating, freezing, preserves and pies. September red raspberries are one of the most preferred varieties for children. The pleasant red color combined with the sweet aroma offers a unique taste.
Reaching a maximum height of 6 feet, the September raspberry plant is highly tolerant to freezing temperatures and are grown in many states.
Amity is an ever-bearing variety that brings you big, beautiful, superior quality red raspberries that are juicy and firm with a distinctive flavor. They’re dark red in color and are mostly used in fresh desserts, baked items, and sprinkled over yogurt or oatmeal. The raspberry plant grows 5 to 6 feet in height. The first-year growth offers both in June and August, while a single harvest in the second-year year growth.
Yellow raspberries are yellowish-golden in color, bearing a rich taste of a combination of bananas, apricots, and raspberries. Let’s check out the different varieties available:
Fall gold raspberries are among the largest, most flavorful, yellowish-golden raspberries that ripen during the fall. They pair nicely with the Caroline and are regarded as an excellent, productive variety for East and Midwest growers. Fall gold is an ever-bearing variety, harvesting both in fall and spring. It can be frozen or used for preserves.
Amber raspberry variety is a high-quality yellow raspberry that’s superior to other yellow varieties. It is comparable to the red-colored raspberries that generally taste better than yellow ones. It harvests in summer but ripens rather late.
Golden summit raspberries are large, firm berries golden in color. These are ever-bearing berries available in high yields. They have a great flavor and are known to crop the first season. Mowing it off a few inches above the soil level during the winter would help yield a large fall crop the next season.
Also known as blackcaps, these are blackish-blue, round and small raspberries native to Northern US. On the outer side of the blackberry, there is a whitish bloom, which might be mistaken for mold, but it’s a common feature. The rich, unique taste is reminiscent of both red and black raspberries. Featuring a hollow shape, black raspberries don’t have any core. They bear more varieties than yellow and purple varieties:
Jewel is basically a cross-bred variety between Dundee and Bristol. It’s a customer favorite variety that offers large, shiny, flavorful and sweet black raspberries. Bearing a rich raspberry flavor, the large sized fruit is glossy black in color. According to the New York Fruit Testing Station, these are currently the highest-rated black raspberries.
The strong, sturdy plant offers an early ripening and high resistance to diseases and viruses. It can easily bear harsh winters but it is recommended that you plant it as soon as the soil may be worked in the spring. 1” of water per week is sufficient for regular, shallow cultivation during the growing season of course. Normally, the plant produces high yields of firm berries.
If you’re a jam/jelly lover, Jewel is certainly an excellent choice for you. To prepare a lively, colorful and mouth-watering treat, Jewel can be added to baked treats. They may also be preserved and used all year long. Moreover, the variety contains high levels of phytonutrients, as well as some cancer-preventing nutrients.
Loganberry is basically a cross between the wild blackberry of the Pacific coast and a red raspberry but is generally classified under black varieties. It displays large, deep wine-red berries that ripen in July. Introduced by the lawyer and horticulturist, James Harvey Logan, Loganberry is grown in huge quantities in Washington and Oregon as well as in parts of England and Australia.
To enjoy the best flavor, they must be allowed to darken into deep-wine to purple color. This way, it’s rich, distinct, moderately tart flavor would keep you wanting more and more. It is often frozen for preserve or pie stock, canned or used to make wine.
In addition, Longberries are easy to grow and less demanding. Its vigorous, trailing plant comprises compound leaves of three to five leaflets and prickly canes. Also, they are hardy as well as reasonably resistant to frost and diseases.
Source: Loganberry, Degroot
These are good quality, dull black varieties of black raspberry. Its vigorous, hardy plant is more tolerant of poorly drained soils than other plant varieties. It’s highly productive, but the canes are easily damaged by strong winds.
Bristol black raspberry was introduced by the Cornell Small Fruit Breeding Program in Geneva, New York. It’s an heirloom variety that offers high-yields. What makes the picking easy are its upright growth and cluster formation. The medium-sized, firm and glossy fruit offers a delicious black raspberry flavor.
The plant is highly vigorous but moderately hardy. It is highly resistant to powdery mildew and bears fruit one year after plantation. Soil level of pH 6.5-6.8 is ideal for plant growth. It comprises of tall, spiny canes with very good suckering.
Bristol not only offers excellent flavor but also offers high levels of Nutraceuticals which provides valuable nutrients to your body.
Black hawk is undoubtedly the most productive black raspberry variety. Its large and firm berries, measuring ¾” across, are richly flavored and do not crumble. Its plants are vigorous and virus-free that allow for mid-season ripening. They can rise up to 4-6 feet in height and usually bear heavy yields.
Often regarded as hybrids of black and red raspberries, purple raspberries bear purple fruits with white bloom on the outer side. Following are some varieties:
When it comes to a true purple raspberry, Brandywine is your fruit. It is a hybrid between a red raspberry and a black raspberry which has a soft texture. It’s a large, gorgeous berry with a tart flavor and was introduced by Cornell University in New York. Brandywine is a highly adaptable premium quality raspberry variety.
The less invasive plant of Brandywine raspberry features large, wider-spaced thorns. Apart from being insect resistant, the canes are large, upright that don’t bend over the fruits. It should be planted as soon as the soil may be worked in spring. To promote regular, shallow cultivation, the plant requires 1” of water per week.
Most common uses for Brandywine include preparation of jams, jellies, and pies. When baked in pies and cakes, the purple color turns bright red. Moreover, this variety is extensively used to ferment wines and other spirits.
Sodus is the most popular purple raspberry variety. It features large, tart berries that ripen later than most red and purple raspberries. The plants are sturdy enough to withstand hardiness zones.
Clyde raspberries are extra-large, glossy, firm purple berries that ripen in mid-season. Its plants are hardy and vigorous as well as highly resistant to diseases.
Source: Raspberry depot
Royalty is a highly productive purple raspberry variety that bears one of the highest fruit yields. It was introduced as a cross between a red and a purple raspberry by Cornell Research Foundation. In this way, the large berry size and sturdiness of the purple raspberry is combined with the high fruit quality of red raspberry.
The fruit can be kept frozen, eaten fresh, or used to prepare jams, jellies or even juices. The plant is adaptable, hardy, with good yield potential. They ought to be planted as soon as the soil may be worked in the spring. During the growing season, the plant requires 1” of water for cultivation. Canes should immediately be pruned back to the field to pave way for stronger new canes.
To sum up, plenty of different kinds of raspberries are cultivated in all temperate regions of the world. Based on their color, raspberries are classified into 4 broad categories including red, yellow, black, and purple raspberries. Among these, red raspberries offer the widest range, making the most sought after raspberries. Some raspberries are ever-bearing, which means they can be harvested twice a year, while others are either summer-bearing (that harvest in summer around July) or fall-bearing (that harvest in September).
Depending upon the variety, raspberry plants can withstand extreme temperatures, be sturdy, be grown upright, adapt to various soil types, and produce large or small raspberries of various flavors. Most raspberries can be used in a variety of ways. They can be eaten fresh, frozen, canned, used as desserts, used for toppings in meals and used in other ways.
The single best way to select a raspberry is to taste the different types available and deciding which one suits your taste!
These cultivars produce fruit once a year on primocanes (or first-year canes) only, typically in July.
Summer-bearing varieties generally produce long, relatively weak canes that will require trellises for support.
1. Boyne (Zones 3-8)
Known for its excellent flavor, this variety has bright red fruit with a sweet flavor, and it does well throughout most parts of the US. Cold hardy and known for its disease resistance, this summer-bearing cultivar will produce one harvest in early July. Canes will grow to be 3-4 feet tall at maturity, with an equal spread, and foliage turns orange and red in the fall.
Rubus ‘Boyne’ in 5-Inch and #2 Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery
Full sun is preferred, but ‘Boyne’ can also be grown in partial shade. Be sure to water it well, and expect fruit on canes that are one year old, then prune them back to the ground when they have finished producing.
2. Cascade Delight (Zones 6-9)
A newer cultivar released in 2003 from Washington State University, ‘Cascade Delight’ produces large, bright red fruit with good flavor that is ready to harvest in July. A very vigorous grower with medium to large yields, this variety is not cold hardy. It is, however, resistant to phytophthora root rot.
‘Cascade Delight’ Rootstock, available on Amazon
Rootstock will produce fruit the year after planting, on two-year-old canes.
3. Killarney (Zones 4-7)
A popular cultivar since its release in Canada 1961, ‘Killarney’ is known for being extremely cold tolerant.
This summer-bearing cultivar produces medium-sized, medium to dark red fruit with a sweet, delicious flavor. Berries will be ready to harvest in July the year following planting, about a week after fruit ripens on ‘Boyne’ plants.
‘Killarney’ Bare Root Plants, available on Amazon
Upright, sturdy canes grow moderately fast, and produce medium yields. For added interest, whereas most raspberries produce white flowers in the spring, this one puts on a show of pink blooms.
Like many other disease-resistant cultivars, it is immune to Raspberry Bushy Dwarf Virus (RBDV). Moderately resistant to root rot and self-pollinating, ‘Killarney’ should be planted in full sun, in well-draining soil.
4. Raspberry Shortcake (Zones 5-8)
This dwarf raspberry is perfect for small space gardeners, since it does well in containers. With a mounding habit, a mature height of 2-3 feet, and an equal spread, plant it in full sun.
Its compact form means it won’t require a trellis, and it is self-pollinating so you should still get a productive plant if you only have the space on your patio or balcony to grow one. Plus, it’s thornless!
Rubus ‘NR7’ in #2 Container, available from Nature Hills
‘Raspberry Shortcake’ requires regular pruning and upkeep, and may be more susceptible to disease than other varieties. Keep the soil moist, and do not allow it to dry out between waterings.
5. Royalty (Zones 4-7)
A hybrid of black and red varieties, this hardy and disease-resistant cultivar is what’s known as a “purple raspberry,” with very large fruit, and delicious flavor. This vigorous grower will provide one big harvest (and I mean big) on established vines in mid-July.
Rubus ‘Royalty’ in 5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery
‘Royalty’ will reach 3-4 feet tall at maturity, with an equal spread. And it even does well at high elevations, with some winter protection and consistent watering in the summertime.
Everbearing types produce fruit on floricanes (or second-year canes) in the summer, typically in June or July. Then, they produce another harvest on primocanes in the fall.
These types tend to have a shorter stature, with sturdy canes that do not require support.
6. Anne (Zones 4-9)
This everbearing variety produces large golden-hued fruit, and the berries have a sweet flavor that’s described as almost tropical, with a hint of apricot. A disease resistant cultivar that grows vigorously, ‘Anne’ was awarded for having the best taste in a comparison of raspberry varieties by the Utah State University Cooperative Extension in 2013.
‘Anne’ Bare Root Canes, available on Amazon
Self-pollinating, you can expect harvests starting in July through the first frost, with improved flavor as the weather starts to cool off. As is the case for all patented varieties, propagation of this type is prohibited.
Cold hardy and heat tolerant as well, plant in full sun in well-draining soil. Keep in mind that this cultivar is susceptible to root rot.
7. Dorman Red (Zones 5-9)
An everbearing cultivar that produces sweet, red fruit in abundance on fast-growing, thornless canes, you can expect high yields on second-year canes from June through the first frost in September. Trellising is required, to keep them from trailing along the ground.
‘Dorman Red’ 2-Year-Old Organic Plants, available on Amazon
This self-pollinating variety does well in the heat and humidity of southern climates, where other cultivars might fail to thrive. Plant ‘Dorman Red‘ in full sun, in well-draining soil.
8. Fall Gold (Zones 4-9)
An everbearing variety with sweet and tart, golden fruit, this moderately vigorous cultivar will provide two harvests per season on biennial canes. With upright, thorn-covered canes that reach a height of 24-36 inches at maturity, this raspberry is more compact than other types, and grows well throughout most of the US if given full sun.
Actually a type of red raspberry with a mutation that prevents the production of the vibrant pigment that these berries typically have, yellow raspberries share many characteristics with red varieties in terms of care requirements.
Rubus ‘Fall Gold’ in 5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills
Prune ‘Fall Gold’ and other everbearing types carefully, since the fall crop will be produced on the top 1/3 of canes, with the second crop developing on the bottom 2/3 of the same canes the following spring. This cultivar is known for being cold tolerant to -25°F – talk about a hardy plant!
9. Heritage (Zones 4-8)
Medium-sized, bright red fruit with a mild flavor, this everbearing type will produce a harvest in mid-July, and another in early September. Disease resistant and highly productive, you can expect fruit in the first year of growth (and these grow fast).
Canes reach a mature height of 3-4 feet, with an equal spread. And yellow and orange fall foliage adds interest to the garden.
Rubus idaeus var. strigosus ‘Heritage’ in 5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery
This variety was given the Outstanding Fruit Cultivar Award by the American Society of Horticultural Sciences in 2004. ‘Heritage’ does best in full sun, though this cultivar will produce fruit in partial shade as well, and it can be grown at high elevations.
Provide some protection during the winter, and be sure to water well during the growing season. You can expect lower yields and a shorter harvest season in cold climates.
10. Jewel (Zones 3-8)
Love black raspberries? Also known as ‘Jewel Black,’ this everbearing variety produces red fruit that darkens to black when ripe, in June through September. The berries are medium to large and sweet, with excellent flavor and few seeds, so they’re perfect for canning.
This self-pollinating and cold hardy plant grows quickly, with 24 to 36-inch canes at maturity if planted in well-draining soil in full sun. But ‘Jewel’ can have lower yields, so plant more for cross-pollination and better harvests.
Rubus idaeus ‘Jewel’ in 5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills
Don’t let these plants dry out in the summer, and aim to keep moisture levels steady. Pruning is crucial – remember to cut back dead wood and all two-year-old canes to the ground in the spring, but leave the last year’s growth standing.
Experts note that black raspberries should not be planted within 75 feet of cultivars of other colors, since they may be more susceptible to diseases transmitted between plants by aphids.
11. Joan J (Zones 4-8)
This thornless, everbearing variety produces small to medium, sweet, firm, dark red fruit in July, August, and mid-September for medium-sized harvests.
With a mature height of 4-5 feet and spread of 2 feet, this vigorous grower should be planted in full sun. Also be sure to plant in well-draining soil, as ‘Joan J’ is susceptible to root rot.
Rubus x ‘Joan J’ in 3.5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery
Self-pollinating and very cold hardy, you’ll get even bigger harvests if you plant it with another cultivar, such as ‘Polka.’
12. Polka (Zones 4-8)
A hardy cultivar with few thorns, ‘Polka’ reaches a mature height of 4-6 feet with a spread of 1-2 feet, and abundant yields. Juicy and sweet with a mild flavor, the berries have a pale to dark red color when they’re ready to pick.
Rubus ‘Polka’ in 3.5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills
These everbearing plants will produce fruit from July through the first frost in September, and they’re known for ripening first at the beginning of the season as well, in comparison to other varieties. Self-pollinating and cold hardy, growing multiple plants isn’t necessary, though it will help to ensure larger harvests.
Another added benefit – it’s not very susceptible to root rot. Try companion planting with the ‘Joan J’ cultivar.
13. September (Zones 4-8)
Everbearing with an upright growth habit, ‘September’ reaches 4-6 feet at maturity, with an equal spread. Sweet red or yellow berries will reach maturity on second year canes in the summer, and again on first year canes in the fall.
Rubus idaeus ‘September’ in 5-Inch Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery
Dealing with less than ideal conditions, but you’re still eager to grow raspberries? This cultivar can grow in a variety of soil types, in full sun as well as partial sun, and it’s cold hardy as well. ‘September’ canes do have quite a few thorns, so keep that in mind, and new canes are produced via suckers.
12 things you didn’t know about raspberries
Raspberries contain more vitamin C than oranges, are super high in fibre, low in calories and supply you with a good dose of folic acid.
Further to that, they are high in potassium, vitamin A and calcium. Who would have thought that you could find so much goodness in one humble berry?
They are thought to help pregnant women
It has been suggested that drinking raspberry leaf tea shortens the second stage of labour.
Scotland is an unlikely raspberry haven
It’s famous for its raspberry growing. In the late 1950s, raspberries were brought down from Scotland to London on a steam train known as the Raspberry Special.
The famous raspberry (Alamy)
Raspberries are ancient
They are thought to been eaten since prehistoric times, but only began to be cultivated in England and France in about the 1600s.
There are over 200 species of raspberries
That’s a bit more than your standard pink berries in a box at Waitrose, isn’t it?
They come in all sorts of colours
Not all at once, but raspberries can be red, purple, gold or black in colour. The gold ones are the sweetest variety, and very tasty.
Golden raspberries are super sweet and tasty (Clara Molden)
They are really involved in the berry family tree
To form new species, raspberries have been crossed with other berries.
The loganberry is a cross between raspberries and blackberries; the boysenberry is a cross between red raspberries, blackberries and loganberries; the nessberry is a cross between a dewberry, raspberry and a blackberry.
It’s all gone a bit meta-berry.
Not like the football scores, no. Aggregate fruits have flowers with multiple ovaries and each produces druplets around a core.
Those druplets are the delicate little bead-like pockets of goodness in each raspberry, and each one could be considered a separate fruit on its own.
The raspberry is super seedy
In a nice way, though: an average raspberry has 100 to 120 seeds.
The loganberry is a relative of the raspberry (PhotoLibrary)
Raspberries are deeply symbolic
No, you wouldn’t have thought it, would you. In some kinds of Christian art, the raspberry is the symbol for kindness. The red juice was thought of as the blood running through the heart, where kindness originates.
In the Philippines, if you hang a raspberry cane from the outside of your house, evil spirits are supposed to be deterred.
In Germany, too, raspberry canes would be tied to the horse’s body in the belief that it would calm them down. So much power in one gentle cane!
They were once thought to be curative too
In the past they have been used to clean the teeth, and as a cure for sore eyes.
They don’t continue to ripen when picked
Unlike many fruits, unripe raspberries do not ripen after they have been picked. There’s no softening up in the fruit bowl for the raspberry – once it’s picked, that’s your lot.
• Francine Raymond: unusual berries to grow
• Bunny Guinness: how to grow your own berries
• Telegraph Gardenshop: Buy Raspberries from the Telegraph Gardenshop. 5 canes from £12.99
Fresh Frozen Organic Golden Raspberries
Try our fresh frozen organic golden raspberries today!
Our fresh frozen organic golden raspberries are grown completely organically in the mineral rich soils of Washington State. Each berry is hand-picked at ripe perfection then immediately flash frozen to lock in the the full flavor, aroma and nutritional value. This highly perishable fruit has a bright golden/orange color with pink-ish hues to it. Nutritionally the golden raspberry is very similar to the red raspberry, it’s in the flavor that you really start to notice the difference. Golden raspberries have more sweetness compared to their more popular counterparts the red raspberries. That doesn’t mean that they have a higher sugar content though, they just have less tartness to them naturally which allows the sweetness to shine through. An interesting thing about golden raspberries is that they carry rare recessive genes that have been around as long as raspberries have. These recessive genes mean that they lack the ability to produce color which in turn means that there is less natural tartness to them. Essentially, golden raspberries are the albino of the fruit kingdom. This scrumptious berry is ideally used in the same applications as red raspberries such as in baking, jams, jellies and sorbets, with the exception of savory foods (due to the minimal acidity and higher sweetness). Not only do these gourmet berries have a great flavor that is highly sought after and hard to come by, but they are also an antioxidant rich treat that make a fantastic snack straight out of the bag. Shipped frozen to your door. Enjoy!
- Fresh frozen organic golden raspberries are an excellent source of dietary fiber which comprises roughly 20% of the berry weight and may help in weight loss.
- As an excellent source of vitamins B and C, golden raspberries are a great way to help support immune health and promote higher energy levels
- Ellagic acid found in golden raspberries is a phenolic compound that is known to help prevent certain cancers.
- Golden raspberries are a great source of folic acid which is know to help treat symptoms of anemia.
- Copper and iron are trace minerals found in golden raspberries that are know to help prevent premature aging while promoting energy levels and quick wound healing.
I have several rows of raspberries on one side of my main greenhouse. They all produce many fruits every summer. Most raspberry plants need additional support to grow properly. I use these granite posts at the ends of each row, and stretch strong gauge wire in between them to hold up the plants.
Although not as bright and easy to see as the red raspberries, these shrubs are filled with ripe, golden raspberries. Botanically, all raspberries grow on shrubs belonging to the Rosaceae family, in the genus Rubus.
The raspberry is made up of small “drupe” fruits which are arranged in a circular fashion around a hollow central cavity. Each drupelet features a juicy pulp with a single seed.
Here is my housekeeper, Enma, picking bowls of sweet golden fruits. Golden raspberry plants are primocane bearing, meaning they bear fruit off the first year canes in the late summer.
Golden raspberries are also sometimes referred to as yellow raspberries and have a yellow-pink color.
And they tend to have a sweeter, milder flavor than their red counterparts.
Golden raspberries are a good source of vitamins B and C, folic acid, copper, iron, antioxidants, and ellagic acid, a phenolic compound known to prevent cancer. They also have a high proportion of dietary fiber.
There are more than 200-species of raspberries. In the United States, about 90-percent of all raspberries sold come from the states of Washington, California and Oregon. Since golden varieties are less common, they are usually sold as a specialty berries at farmers markets.
Raspberries are quite fragile, so Enma is careful not to pack them in or press them down. All the picked fruits are kept in the shade until they go into the fridge.
Once raspberries are picked they stop ripening, so under-ripe berries that are harvested will never mature to the maximum sweetness. Only ripe raspberries will come right off the stem.
Some of the more popular golden raspberry cultivars include ‘Fall Gold’, ‘Anne’, ‘Goldie’, ‘Kiwigold’, ‘Golden Harvest’, and ‘Honey Queen’.
Most golden raspberry varieties are hardy to USDA zones 2 through 10, and are easy to maintain.
The taste of raspberries varies by cultivar, and ranges from sweet to acidic. They are great for use in pies and tarts, and other desserts. They can also be used in cereals, ice-creams, juices and herbal teas.
Plant golden raspberries in either the late fall or early spring and select a sunny site with afternoon shade.
They should be planted in rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soil that has been generously supplemented with compost and well rotted manure. I am very fortunate to have such excellent soil here at the farm.
After the season, when the weather turns cold, all the berry bushes will be pruned. Pruning produces larger berries in greater volumes – it also helps to control diseases that might otherwise spread through the berry patches.
Enma was able to pick enough golden berries to fill three large stainless steel bowls.
Enma also spotted a few more red raspberries ready to pick.
This all-purpose fruit is firm, sweet and full of flavor.
Ripe raspberries are rich in color, whether they are red, golden or black. The entire berry should be consistently colored also, and full in shape before picking.
It’s hard to resist eating them right out of the bowl, but I can’t wait to use these berries to make jams and desserts. And remember, to save berries for use at another time, freeze them – lay them out onto flat trays in single layers and freeze until solid. Once they are frozen, they can be moved into plastic containers or freezer bags until ready to eat.
Golden Raspberries: Pale Packs a Punch
Every week we get Down & Dirty, in which we break down our favorite unique seasonal fruits, vegetables, and more.
Golden raspberries might be paler than their red counterparts, but they are just as delicious (and sometimes even sweeter!). We’ve got ideas for making the most of their stunning hue all week long.
Shop the Story
Did you know that all raspberries used to be this pale? Well, according to legend anyway. Baby Zeus’ nursemaid went to pick a raspberry to soothe the crying infant, but she pricked her finger on one of the plant’s thorns, drawing blood and staining raspberries red ever since. (For you scientists out there: golden raspberries’ color could also be due to recessive genes. We’ll let you decide.)
Despite their name, golden raspberries aren’t actually berries (but avocados are!). They are aggregate fruits, made up of lots of tiny individual drupes (other drupes include green almonds, peaches, plums, apricots, and cherries) called druplets (1). Keep your eye out for golden raspberries at your farmers market or grocery store from now till autumn. They might also be labeled white or yellow raspberries, but we’re partial to the golden moniker since it has its own award.
More: Not sure where the nearest farmers market is? Find one on Real Time Farms.
Raspberries are fragile, and just like strawberries, if you see red splotches on the bottom of their container, they are overripe. With their short shelf life, you’ll want to make sure you keep your berries fresh for longer by washing them ahead of time in a solution of vinegar and water.
Golden raspberries can of course be used any place you’d use red raspberries — or other berries. Just aim for applications that highlight their subtle color. They would create a stunning jam, but wouldn’t have the same visual impact in a muffin (though they would be just as tasty). Use them all week long in beverages, desserts, and even in a sauce for steak! (See Tuesday, below.) What are your favorite ways to enjoy golden raspberries?
Friday: Raspberry Shrub (aka Drinking Vinegar)
Saturday: Raspberry Ice Cream Sandwiches
Sunday: Raspberry Chevre Tart with Poppyseed Shortcrust
Monday: Saffron Raspberries
Tuesday: Raspberries and Steak
Wednesday: Raspberry Rose Soufflé
Thursday: Raspberry Acetosa Mojito
Photos by James Ransom