Utah sweet pomegranate tree

Can you eat pomegranate seeds?

In North America, you’re most likely to find pomegranates in late summer to early winter, when the fruits are in season. However, some grocers import pomegranates from the Southern Hemisphere, offering them throughout the year.

Heating pomegranate seeds can get rid of some of their flavor, so it is best to eat them fresh and raw or as a garnish.

1. Choose the right ones

Choosing ripe pomegranates is relatively easy, as those found in local grocery stores are picked when ripe. The fruit should be heavy, and the skin should be firm. Small scratches on the surface don’t affect the fruit inside, so don’t judge a pomegranate by its scarred skin!

2. Scoop right

Eating a pomegranate can be a messy venture, but is made neater when you actually eat the entire seed. Start by cutting the fruit in half. Then, spoon out the tiny red jewels into a bowl. You can add the seeds to salads, yogurt, oatmeal, desserts, or whatever you want!

3. Make them last

Did you buy too many pomegranates to eat in one sitting? You can save the seeds by spreading them on a baking sheet and freezing them for two hours. Then transfer them to freezer bags and put them back in the freezer. This will make them last for up to one year.

4. Juice!

You can also juice pomegranates and save yourself the expense of buying it in a bottle. Plus, pre-bottled pomegranate juice can contain all sorts of other ingredients, including added sugar and sodium.

Use a juicer or simply squeeze the fruit, separating the fibers with a strainer. Use the juice to make something refreshing and delicious, like this recipe for basil pomegranate granita! Juice can be refrigerated for up to three days or kept in the freezer for up to six months.

5. Buy seeds on their own

You can purchase pomegranate seeds and obtain their many antioxidant benefits without needing to scoop and store them. From there, you can use them in a range of cooked and cold dishes as a garnish.

Click here to purchase pomegranate seeds online. Please note that clicking this link will take you to an external site.

Recommended daily amount

The United States Department of Agriculture recommends that a person eats 2 cups of fruit per day. Pomegranates and their seeds are a nutrient-dense and low-calorie way to hit this target. They are available to purchase in many food stores, as well as online.

Pomegranate Growing

The origin of the pomegranate extends from the Balkans to the Himalayas; it is considered as one of the most cultivated fruit trees since ancient times so there is a great genetic diversity.

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Family Punicaceae
Genus Punica
Specie P. granatum
Scientific name Punica granatum

The origin of the pomegranate extends from the Balkans to the Himalayas; it is considered as one of the most cultivated fruit trees since ancient times so there is a great genetic diversity as a consequence of its propagation by seeds that germinate easily. It was introduced long ago in the Mediterranean region; it is assumed that the Carthaginians took the plant to southern Europe.

Theophrastus described this tree around 300 B.C. and Pliny referred to it as one of the most valuable fruit.
Currently this tree is naturalized in the Mediterranean region, South America and the southern United States.
2. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION
The economic importance of the pomegranate in Spain is remarkable because it is one of the major producers of pomegranate in the world, whose fruits besides supplying the domestic market; are exported to Central Europe. Spain is Europe’s largest producer and exporter of pomegranates; doing the crop more or less profitable.
Currently, pomegranate cultivars in Spain exceeds to 2,500 ha, with a production close to 20,000 t. This production is concentrated mainly in the province of Alicante.
It is an alternative fruit tree to many areas, especially where poor soil conditions or the poor quality of irrigation water prevents the profitable operation of other fruit trees; this does not mean that if it is cultivated in better conditions the results are not good. However, these features should not lead to confusion since in reality pomegranate growing has a specific problem that must be considered in order to achieve quality fruits and abundant crops.
In Spain, it is a common practice that pomegranate is combined with other fruit trees such as fig tree and date palm, occupying most of the cases the worst terrain.
The marketing of pomegranate as a fourth class product and its use in making jams, jellies, juices, etc., are becoming more important.
3. MORPHOLOGY
– Small deciduous tree, sometimes shrubby, 3 to 8m, with a twisted trunk. Hardwood and flaky bark gray.
– Stems: Quadrangular or four narrow wings and later become round with greyish brown bark. Especially small axillary branches are spine-shaped or end in a sharp spine.
– Leaves: Oblong, simple bright green slightly leathery with short petiole. They develop opposite or nearly opposite to the branches or clustered. They have an apical nectary secreting sugars; stipules are rudimentary and difficult to appreciate.
Pomegranate leaves

– Flowers: Hermaphrodite, solitary or clustered in groups 2-5 at the end of the new branches and 3-4 cm in diameter. They are big and bright, glossy red, bell-shaped, with 5-8 petals and sepals, calyx persisting in fruit. In some varieties the flowers are mottled and are tinged in white. It flowers in May to July, although some varieties flower later.
Pomegranate flower. Photo: Piedromolinero
Pomegranate flower. Photo: Lars Hammar

– Fruit: Globose berry, shiny red, yellowish green or whitish, rarely violet when mature, with the calyx, 5-8 cm in diameter, filled with seeds and has a leathery shell.
Pomegranate fruit. Photo: Coniferconifer
Pomegranate fruits. Photo: Alessandro

The seeds are angular and hard on the inside, the outer layer of the seed coat is covered by a thin layer or juicy pulp, red, pink or yellowish white, astringent, sour.
4. EDAPHOCLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS
4.1. Climate
The best climate for the pomegranate is subtropical and even tropical, so in these weather conditions is where higher quality fruits are achieved. In these latitudes the period of high temperatures coincides with the fruit ripening of the pomegranate.
– Temperature: The optimum temperature for the pomegranate is between 18-25°C, preferring a warm climate before cold weather. Usually, like all subtropical or tropical fruit, it cannot withstand cold weather but there are some species in this genus that can withstand -15°C. Frosts cause more damage the longer they are delayed.
– Lighting: Good lighting must be ensured to allow the fruits to fully develop their coloration. Therefore, it prefers sunny and sheltered places.
4.2. Soil
The pomegranate is not demanding of the type of soil but it does not grow in clay or compacted soils. However, it grows best in deep soils; it suits the floodplain. Alkaline soils are favourable; even excess humidity favours its development. The ideal soil should be light, permeable, deep and fresh. It is indifferent to the alkalinity or acidity of the soil. Under these conditions it is when its fruits are of the highest quality.
It is tolerant to drought, salinity, active limestone and iron chlorosis. In drylands, drought at the time of flowering can cause flower drop and reduce the harvest to the minimum. On irrigated land, its water requirement is very low. However, excess watering shortly before the fruit ripening phase can cause fruit cracking.
5. PROPAGATION
The pomegranate is propagated by seed, by cuttings, by layering, by offshoots at the base of the tree and by grafting.
– Propagation by seed
Seedbed takes place in spring, in the nursery garden, with seed collected in the same year. It should be chosen for this operation, grains of acidic and late maturing varieties. These varieties are more resistant than those with sweet fruit.
Although pomegranate seeds germinate easily and without much delay, this propagation method is rarely used and is not recommended due to the long time needed and not all varieties are adapted to it.
– Vegetative propagation
Cutting is the most used form of multiplication in pomegranate. Propagation by cuttings is simple and works well. In February or March, cuttings of 20-25 cm long and 0.50 cm thick are cut. They are placed in the nursery in such a way that only a bud is above the ground, all others remain buried. The cuttings will root easily and quickly and they can be transplanted in the next spring, although it is recommended to leave them in the nursery for two seasons.
Sometimes cuttings are cut in autumn; they are preserved in sand during the winter and are placed in the nursery in the spring. This promotes greater vigour and growth of the aerial part, but at the expense of the roots, which are less developed.
The layering is rarely used, being in simple layering and layering in stump.
Propagation by offshoots at the base of the tree is fairly easy to obtain, as the pomegranate produces offshoots in abundance.
A year after planting, grafting is performed. The ideal time is from mid-April through June. Veneer grafting is usually done in pomegranate. Two buds with a little bark in a single branch are taken of the variety to be grafted. In the stock, an opening with single or double flap is done; the sheet is placed with two buds and tied with raffia and the buds may even be covered. At 15 or 20 days, the raffia is cut and the bark or the flap is removed, leaving two buds in sights.

6. VEGETAL MATERIAL
The genotypic diversity of species is very large. Selection processes are relatively recent.
The characteristics requirement of pomegranate are:
– Productivity.
– Low number of male flowers.
– Flowering period and grouped harvest.
– Fruits with few seeds.
– With early small branches.
– Medium-high vigour.
– High leaf surface.
The stocks are classified as:
– Sour: the fruits are sour; it is the most valued stock by farmers.
– Edges: usual varieties are used; edges from the cuttings of the offshoots produced by the pomegranate, which is cut at ground level.
– Sweets.
Requirements applicable to pomegranate stocks:
– Resistance to drought and salinity.
– Tolerant to root suffocation and active limestone.
– Resistance to nematodes.
– High rooting capacity.
– Low production of tillers.
There are three kinds of pomegranates grown:
– Common pomegranate which has sweet fruit.
– Sour pomegranate whose flowers are used for decoration.
– Seedless pomegranate. This variety is produced in the Middle East.
The following varieties are highlighted for their commercial value:
“Mollar” of Elche. very vigorous tree, rapid development, large fruit size, thick grains, dark red and very small and soft seeds. It ripens between October and November. It is of higher quality, higher calibre and more productive than the Valencian group; presents significant chance of cracking and pest attack. It is the most widely grown variety.
“Mollar” of Valencia. Vigorous tree, large fruit size, rounded and flattened, thick pomegranate and very small seeds. It is characterized by early harvesting. The prices of sales are often significantly higher due to the shortage of product at the time of harvest.
Wonderful. One of the most cultivated variety worldwide. It has bittersweet seeds with hard gear, attractive colour red which is used for industrial use, not fresh. Relatively low productivity.
– Native clones in South-eastern Spain: PTO1, PTO7, CRO1 and ME14.
7. GROWING TECHNIQUES
7.1. Plantation
The best planting time is spring, particularly in February and March, in the state of two year-old seedlings.
First, a profound hole of about 50cm is made to aerate the soil while maintaining soil moisture. Later manure is added with a rotary tiller.
The traditional setting for planting is 6 x 4, but in the new plantations tend to be 4 x 2 meters.
After marking the spot, make holes with a depth of 40cm and each rootstock is placed, pulled out a day before from the grounds or nursery, and also with bareroot. Before placing it into the hole, its upper part is pruned to balance the two sides.
7.2. Watering
During the first years of cultivation until the beginning of full production, it is irrigated by furrow with endowments of 600-800m3/ha. When the tree comes into full production, at 6 or 7 years after grafting, irrigation by flooding is the most used (with a dose of 900-1200m3/ha), in this case it is often given a field work after each watering, applying previously fertilizers. Normally it is irrigated four times throughout the year. In modern plantations drip is employed with a flow rate of 4 litres/hour.
Watering must be removed completely from the beginning of the fruit ripening to avoid cracks in the rind of the fruit, which is depreciated in the market.
7.3. Fertilization
The pomegranate is not very demanding in terms of fertilization; the leaf fall is the optimum time to provide phosphate and potash fertilizers, and at the time of entering into vegetation, nitrogen balanced formulas.
The average requirement of nutrients for a production of more or less 30,000kg/ha and a year:
– 216 U.F. de N.
– 150 U.F. de P2O5.
– 416 U.F. K20.
The organic matter inputs are used in the traditional growing areas.
In case of soils with high content of active limestone and salinity, chelate of iron is applied.
– It should be kept in mind that excess nitrogen in young trees is usually harmful because it causes very long and weak formations, which by its own weight can be arched in excess, and sometimes even can cause the breakage of the new branch. Also, if excess nitrogen is accompanied by water imbalances, it may increase the cracking of the fruit before the time of maturity. It can also negatively influence colour development.
– In low crop trees, excessive nitrogen fertilization causes increased vegetative growth, which can reduce next year’s crop.
– Potassium exerts a beneficial effect in reducing fruit cracking.
7.4. Weeds
The first field work is done in the winter months, usually in January, with the field tiller, for a more spongy soil, whose goal is the elimination of weeds and preparing the ground for irrigation. Sometimes a rotary tiller is used to bury manure and fertilizers that are added into the field.
In spring the cultivator is used to remove weeds and get a better evapotranspiration. Herbicides are also used.
Every time these activities are less necessary due to the introduction of drip irrigation.
7.5. Pruning
– Pruning of formation.
It starts from a seedling from which the buds have been removed from the trunk to a height of about 50 cm from the soil. Previously 2 or 3 buds are chosen to develop its branches and growing them, giving the pomegranate a cup-shaped.
The tree produces shoots and vertical shoot axis at the central and basal parts which should be removed to enhance growth of the tree and the fruit.
– Fructification pruning.
It consists of a simple thinning of intersecting branches because of the large number that are produced each year. Sprouts grown that year are also to be cut, if there is no need to remove a broken branch or branch attacked by Zeuzera pyrina. In this case one of the shoots is chosen to replace the broken or diseased branch. This pruning aims to improve fruit quality and to increase production by enhancing the tree to bear more fruit not only in the periphery.
– Rejuvenation pruning.
Through this pruning, rejuvenation of the pomegranate is achieved. It is done when low production is observed until a complete renovation of the branches. Generally, it should not be more than 3 years. For this reason, 1/3 of the old branches are taken away each year.

– Elimination of shoots and shoot axis.
The pomegranate because of its great strength, develops around its trunk many buds and shoots axis that should be removed when they appear, without leaving them to grow as they are unproductive buds and consumers of sap.
– Green pruning
It takes place from June to July to improve the lighting of the fruits. This improves colouring, reduce winter pruning costs, improve phytosanitary application, and will eliminate competition for nutrients.
7.6. Thinning
It is essential for fruit quality. It aims to eliminate fruits that may be affected by the sun, which may have lost its taste and therefore market value, so it is recommended to remove them and enhance the growth of the tree. Through fruit thinning, fruit size is also controlled because if there is an excess in fruit number, small and less commercial fruits are obtained. Usually one or two fruits are left by pomes. Thinning is usually manual after fruit set during the month of July and usually done two times, with an interval of 20-25 days between them.
8. PESTS AND ILLNESSES
8.1. Pests
– Zeuzera pyrina
Damages are holes in the trunk, forming galleries reaching the central cylinder and even kill the tree. The treatment is performed in winter (December, January) with phosphorus oils.
– Bark beetle (Anisandrus dispar)
They are small insects that burrow galleries into the bark of the pomegranate.
– Aphids (Aphis laburoi)
Attack the sprouts, flowers and fruits; cause the fall of flowers and fruits which weaken the tree and make it prone to attack by other pests.
– Citrus wax scale (Ceroplastes sinensis) y citrus mealybugs (Planococus citri)
Their attacks are not economically important. They appear in pomes and crown of the fruit.
– Black scale (Saissetia oleae)
The attack is seen through the colour of soot left in the pomegranate. The treatment is done in winter (December, January) with phosphorus oils.
8.2. Illnesses
– Fruit rot (Botrytis cinerea)
Fruit rot is the most important disease of the pomegranate. It is a cryptogamic disease that causes pulp rotting, also affects the walls and membranes, converting everything inside the pomegranate into black colour, and the skin is remain intact, since this disease penetrates through the pistil.
There is no remedy to combat the disease, although they can make sprays with fungicides based on copper and Zineb to prevent it.
– Clasterosporium carpophilum
The symptoms of the disease are manifested with necrotic spots on the fruit surface, surrounded by a pinkish halo. The development of this disease is favoured by spring and summer rains.
9. PHYSIOPATHOLOGY
Both pathology can cause losses of up to 30% of the crop.
– Pomegranates damaged by direct sunlight.
This disorder is caused by strong sunlight. They appear in the fruit barks small cracks and a brown to black colour spot in the affected area. It has an unpleasant sour taste.
– Open pomegranates.
It is believed that fruit cracking occurs as a result of water imbalance between the growth and ripening stages. This problem is accentuated in dry years. With drip irrigation, by avoiding these imbalances, fruits are of better quality and more uniform. Potassium has a favourable effect in reducing fruit cracking.
10. HARVEST
Harvesting begins in mid-September (for the earliest varieties) when changes in colour occurs in fruit and ends in mid-November (for the later varieties). Two or three times due to non-uniform ripening process, since flowering is staggered.
Harvesting is done manually, using secateurs with smaller blades and taking the greatest care, since the fruits are sensitive to knocks.
Harvesting may be earlier or later depending on market opportunities but it can cause some disadvantages:
– When harvest is advanced, the fruits are still green, being of lower quality and will eventually wrinkle.
– If harvesting is delayed, there will be more open pomegranates and therefore have less commercial value.
Average harvest yields per hectare are 3 kg/tree in the third year and 30 to 40 kg/tree in full production.
11. QUALITY
– Absence of growth cracks, cuts, bruises and rot.
– Colour and smoothness of skin.
– The taste depends on the ratio sugar/acidity, which varies among cultivars. Soluble solids content greater than 17% is desirable.
– Containing less than 0.25% tannin is desirable.
13. POSTHARVEST
– Optimum temperature
At 5°C for up to 2 months; for longer storage, use a temperature of 10°C to prevent damage from cold to avoid chilling injuries.
– Optimum relative humidity
90-95%; pomegranates are very susceptible to water loss which produces wrinkling of the pericarp. Storing the fruit with a coating or plastic lining or the use of waxes can reduce water loss particularly in conditions of low relative humidity.
– Respiration rate
2-4ml CO2/kg·h at 5°C, 4-8ml CO2/kg·h at 10°C, and 8-18ml CO2/kg·h at 20°C. To calculate the produced heat, multiply ml CO2/kg·h by 440 to obtain BTU/t/day or by 122 to obtain kcal/metric t/day.
– Ethylene production rate
Less than 0.1µl/kg·h at 10°C and less than 0.2µl/kg·h at 20°C.
– Ethylene effects.
Exposure to concentrations equal to or greater than 1ppm of ethylene, stimulates respiration and ethylene production rate, but does not affect the qualitative characteristics of the fruit. Pomegranates do not ripen after harvest, so it must be harvested fully ripe to ensure the best quality for the consumer.
– Effects of controlled atmospheres.
There have been very few studies on the effect of CA on pomegranates. If stored below 5°C, the concentrations of 2% O2 help reduce chilling injury. In one study, it was possible to successfully store pomegranates at 6°C in an atmosphere of 3% O2 + 6% CO2 for 6 months.
13. NUTRITIONAL VALUE
14. USES
The pulp that surrounds the seeds mitigates the heat and thirst because it has a nice sourly sweet taste. The juice is refreshing and pleasing, and possibly its best-known commercial product. It is used to make syrups, jams and ice cream.
The pericarp, rich in tannin and colouring matter, is used in tanning and dyeing. It is also used in pharmacy for its astringent properties-malicorium.
Drinks made ​​with the juice of the integument pulp seeds, diluted in water, are very hygienic and refreshing.
The root bark has alkaloids like pelletierine of vermifuge properties, used to expel tapeworms and other intestinal worms.

The pomegranate is also used in landscaping as an ornamental tree or to the formation of very thick and beautiful hedges; for this purpose Punica granatun cv. Nana is used. It is a dwarf variety that normally does not produce fruit but has many beautiful flowers.
Author: Infoagro

Most plants have fruits. The fruit is the part of the plant that contain the seeds. Plants use the fruits to spread the seeds. For example a bird that eats a cherry will drop the seed at some distance from the tree. Then another cherry tree can start growing there.

There are many types of fruits in the world. Almost all plants that grow in your garden or in nature have fruits. For example a bean is a fruit, but also an acorn is a fruit. However, usually when we talk about fruits we mean fruits that are sweet and fleshy; the types that we eat as a snack or as a dessert. That’s the type of fruits we will discuss on this page.

In this site we introduce many fruits. Some are tropical fruits, while others are temperate fruits that grow in cooler climates. To make it easier the fruits are presented in alphabetical order from Apple to Watermelon. Before reading the list, ask yourself how many fruits you know?

Some fruit have more than one name. Therefore an alphabetical list of English fruit names with their synonyms is included at the bottom of this page. Just click on a name to jump to the fruit.

If you cannot find the fruit you were looking for, please look in the World Crops Database which has many more fruits and their names in several languages. Or send me a message. You may also be interested to see my collection of quotes and proverbs about fruits.

Fruit list

Click on a picture to see more information and photos in the World Crops Database.

Apple

Apples are among the most popular fruits in the world. They usually grow in cooler climates. The word “apple” is also used in the names of other fruits, such as pineapple and custardapple, but these are not real apples. A famous saying is “an apple a day keeps the doctor away”, because apples and many other fruits are good for your health. Apples play an important part in some fairytales, for example the poisoned apple that was given to Snow White. And the “forbidden fruit” in the garden of Eden was perhaps also an apple.

Apricot

Apricots are sweet bright fruits with a bright orange color. They originate from China where they were already known 5000 years ago. Now, many apricots are grown in southern Europe and central Asia. It is said to be good luck to dream of apricots. In Limburg (a province in the south of Netherlands) apricots are used to make a delicious pastry: apricots vlaai.

Asian palmyra palm

The Asian Palmyra palm or Toddy palm produces fruits that resemble coconuts. This palm is also used to tap juice from its inflorescences, which can be used to make sugar. Some other names used for this palm tree are Sugar palm and Cambodian palm.

Avocado

Avocado is a very nutritious tropical fruit. Is is not sweet like many other fruits and usually it is eaten in salads for example in combination with tuna fish. Many people would therefore call it a vegetable. Some other names for avocado are:
Avocado pear, Butter pear, Alligator pear and Midshipman’s butter.

Bael

Bael is a tropical fruit. It is also know as Wood apple, Beli fruit, Bilva, Bilwa and Stone apple. From some of these names you can already imagine that it is a fruit with a very hard woody surface. It is not very tasty. Sometimes fruits are sliced and dried. These dried slices are then boiled with sugar in water to make a drink.

Banana

Bananas are well known tropical fruits. But many people believe mistakenly that bananas grow on banana trees. While a banana plant may look like a tree it is actually not a tree but a herbaceous plant with a soft stem that looks like the trunk of a tree. The sweet bananas we all know are also called Dessert bananas.

Another type of banana is the Plantain, which is very similar to bananas but generally used for cooking as it is firmer and contains less sugar than the dessert banana.

Blackberry

Blackberries are temperate fruits. The fruit is not a true berry but an aggregate fruit, composed of many small drupelets (small fruits). Blackberries are often growing wild in forest areas.

Breadfruit

Breadfruits are tropical fruits. The big fruits, which grow on beautiful trees, are often cooked, boiled, roasted or fried. Breadfruit is used rather as a vegetable and in some countries (Polynesia) as a staple food.

Canistel

Canistel is a relatively unknown fruit originating from Central America. Other names for canistel are Egg-fruit and Yellow sapote.

Cherry

Cherries are known for their bright red color. Most cherries are sweet, but there are also varieties that have a very sour taste. They grow in temperate climates.

Mon Cheri is a brand name for a sweet made of a cherry fruit and liquor covered in chocolate. But “Mon Chéri” is actually a French expression for “My Darling”.

Cherry plum

Cherry plum is a small plum which looks like a cherry. It belongs to the genus Prunus, just like the cherry and the plum. Cherry plum is also known as Myrobalan plum.

Coconut

Coconut or coco is the fruit of the coconut palm. The coconut palm grows in all tropical areas. Not only the fruits are used, but also stems and leaves are used for many purposes such as furniture, mats or for thatching roofs. It’s a beautiful palm, often grown as decoration. Without it a tropical beach would not be the same.

Coffee

A cup of coffee actually starts with the fruits of the coffee plant. Coffee usually grows in slightly shaded places in cooler areas in the tropics, often on the slopes of mountains or volcanoes. The bright red fruits contain two seeds, which are roasted and then used to prepare coffee.

Custardapple

Custard apple is also known as Wild sweetsop and it has some other names that refer to its shape: Bullock’s heart, Bull’s heart and Ox heart.

Date

Dates grow on date palms in warm and dry areas. The ripe date fruits have a very high sugar content of about 80%. The highest production of dates is in Egypt, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Dragonfruit

Dragonfruit is the fruit of a cactus which blooms at night. It is also known as Pitaya or Pitahaya and strangely enough as Strawberry pear. It grows in the tropics.

Durian

Durian is famous for its smell; its very bad smell. In Thailand many hotels have signboards showing that it is forbidden to take this fruit in the hotel. But many Thai love to eat and and therefore call it the “king of fruits”.

Durian fruits are big, heavy and with strong sharp spines. People often worry about a coconut falling on their head, but a durian on your head would do even more damage.

Fig

Grape

Grapes are very popular fruits. They are eaten as fresh fruits or they are used to make wine. Famous wine producing countries in the world include France, Italy, Spain, Australia, South Africa and Chili. Red wine is made from purple grapes and white wine is made from “white grapes” which are actually light green.

Grapefruit

Grapefruits are not related to grapes but to oranges. In fact, a grapefruit is a hybrid between a sweet orange and a pomelo. They are usually yellow and have a rather bitter taste.

Guava

Guavas are very common fruits in many tropical countries. There are different varieties, some green, other reddish in color. The flesh inside is rather hard, like an apple and often white or a bit pinkish in color. Often the fruits contain many hard seeds, but seedless varieties exist as well.

Jackfruit

Jackfruit is one of the biggests fruits in the world. It is a tropical fruit and it’s known as the national fruit of Bangladesh.
The pulp of jackfruit is sweet; it tastes a bit like banana or pineapple, but with a stronger fruity aroma.

Jujube

Jujube is a tropical fruit which looks and tastes like small apples. Jujube trees are very productive and in the fruiting season they are often found bearing hundreds of fruits. There is a lot of variation in color, size, shape and taste between the different Jujube varieties. Other names for Jujube are Red Date or Chinese Date.

Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit or Kiwi is a woody vine which produce fuzzy brown egg-shaped fruits with green flesh. It grows best in a temperate climate with sufficient summer heat. It is no surprise that New Zealand is an important producer of Kiwi fruits. Other names for the Kiwi fruit are Chinese Gooseberry, Vine pear, Wood berry.

Longan

Longan is a tropical fruit. In the fruiting season the longan trees are a spectacular sight with their thousands of round ping-pong ball sized fruits. Longan is also called Lamyai (in Thailand) or Dragon’s eye. It got the name Dragon’s eye because when it is pealed the fruit looks like an eyeball and the black seed inside shows through the flesh like a pupil.

Longkong

Longkong is a tropical fruit which looks a bit similar the the Longan, with many ping pong ball sized fruits growing together in big clusters. Longkong and Langsat are the same species of fruit trees, but with slightly different fruits.

Lychee

Lychee trees grow in the tropics and produce very tasty and beautiful looking fruits. Unfortunately they do this only during a very short time, but canned lychee fruits are available throughout the year. The name of this fruit is sometimes written as Litchi, Laichi, or Linchee.

Mafai

Mafai is a rather unknown tropical fruit, sometimes called Burmese grape. It produces many small round fruits.

Mango

Mango is probably the most popular tropical fruit in the world. Some people call it therefore the “apple of the tropics”. There are hundreds of varieties of the mango, all with their own specific taste. Mangoes are often eaten when they are ripe, sweet and juicy, but sometimes they are eaten when they are still green, hard and rather sour. In Thailand a famous and very tasty snack is “mango with sticky rice”.

Mangosteen

Mangosteen is a very pretty and tasty tropical fruit with a fresh sweet and sour taste. In Thailand it is called the “Queen of fruits” (while Durian is called “King of fruits”) and it really deserves this title. Despite its name, it is not related to mango.

Maprang

Maprang is a rather unknown tropical fruit. It looks a bit like a very small mango. Some other names for Maprang include Marian plum, Gandaria, Marian mango and Plum mango.

Orange

The orange is a member of the Citrus family. It is a very popular fruit, usually eaten fresh as a snack or dessert, or squeezed to make orange juice. Many different varieties of oranges exist, each with their own taste and often different appearance and color. Oranges grow best in sub tropical climates.

Olive

Most olives are produced in countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea (Spain, Italy, Greece, Tunisia, etc.). Olive trees can grow in very dry climates. The fruits are fermented and then eaten as a snack. Most olives are used to produce olive oil, which is considered more healthy than most other edible oils.

Papaya

Papaya is a small tropical tree found in many home gardens throughout the tropics. The soft orange or reddish flesh is usually served during breakfast or as a dessert. Several papaya varieties exist, producing fruits with different taste, size and color. Other names for papaya are Pawpaw, Papaw and Tree melon.

Passionfruit

Passion fruits grow in the tropics on a climbing plant which is known for its beautiful flowers. The fruits are very tasty and are often used in soft drinks or to prepare cocktails. There are two types of passion fruit: purple and yellow.

Peach

Peaches are temperate fruits. The peach tree requires a chilling winter season. They are best known for their soft velvety skin. Ripe peaches can be very juicy and have a sweet aromatic taste.

Pear

Pears are temperate fruits that are usually recognized by their “pear-shape”. However, the pear is a close relative of the apple and some of the rounder pears can be easily confused with apples. A famous proverb is: “You can’t compare apples with pears”.

Pineapple

A pineapple is a tropical plant. The fruit of the pineapple is actually many fruits merged together, which looks like one fruit. Pineapples are best when eaten fresh. They are also sold in cans or as pineapple juice. Some other names that are used for pineapple are Ananas, Nanas and Pina (or Piña).

Plum

The plum is a temperate fruit, sometimes called a Prune. When mature the plum fruits have sometimes a dusty-white coating which gives a bluish-grey appearance. This is a wax coating known as “wax bloom” which can easily be rubbed off.

Pomegranate

Pomegranate is a subtropical fruit. It is often used to make juices which are sweet or sour depending on the variety. Pomegranate is sometimes called Apple of Grenada, but the name pomegranate actually originates from Latin and means seeded apple (pomum=apple, granatus=seeded).

Pomelo

Pomelo is a tropical fruit and the largest of all citrus fruits. It has a very thick rind and is filled with a sweetish yellow or pink flesh. Several other names that are sometimes used for the Pomelo are
Pummelo, Chinese grapefruit, Pommelo and Shaddock.

Rambutan

Rambutan is a tropical fruit. It can be easily recognized as the fruits have a bright color and are covered with soft spines.

Raspberry

Red currant

Red currants are bright red juicy fruits, which grow in groups of about ten together. They are actually the same species as “white currants”; the only difference is the color.

Roselle

Roselle plants are often grown for the fibers in their stems. But the red fleshy calyces of the flowers can be used as a ‘fruit’ to make tea or a tasty soft drink with a sour fruity taste.

Santol

Santol is also known as Wild mangosteen or Sandorica. It’s a tropical tree that originates in southeast Asia.

Sapodilla

Sapodilla is a tropical fruit which looks a bit like a potato but it tastes much better. The sweet flesh has a pale yellowish to earth brown color with a grainy texture like a pear. Other names for this fruit are
Chiku fruit and Sapota.

Sour cherry

Sour cherry is a temperate fruit, similar to sweet cherry, but with a very acidic taste.

Soursop

Soursop is a tropical fruit, closely related to the custard apple but with a more sour taste. Other names for this fruit are Brazilian pawpaw and Prickly custard apple

Starapple

Star apple is a rather unknown tropical fruit. It’s a beautiful tree which is also called Golden leaf tree as the leaves are golden brown on the underside. The name star apple becomes clear after cutting the fruit in half as the pulp inside looks like a star. Sometimes the tree is called Apple star.

Starfruit

Starfruit is a tropical tree, also known with the name Carambola. The fruits have wings and when cut in half the shape looks like a five pointed star. Several varieties exist, some sweet and others more sour in taste.

Strawberry

Strawberries are temperate fruits, but are sometimes grown in cooler hill areas in the tropics. Most people will prefer to eat them fresh (with cream of course) but strawberries are also processed to make jams and sauces.

Sugarapple

Sugarapple is a tropical fruit, which is also called Sweetsop. It is closely related to Soursop and it doesn’t require much imagination to imagine the difference in taste. In Vietnam it used to be an asset to have “teeth as sugar apple seeds”, which is more difficult to imagine as these seeds are black.

Tamarind

Tamarind has fruits that can be sweet our sour, depending on the variety. It grows in most tropical areas. According to a legend you will get strange dreams if you sleep under a flowering tamarind tree.

Tangerine

Tangerine is a tropical fruit belonging to the Citrus family. Many different varieties of Tangerine exist, all with different color and taste. Some varieties are known as Tangerine while others are called Mandarins. Sometimes these two names are mixed.

Velvet apple

Velvet apple is a tropical fruit with a red velvet skin, about the same size as an apple. It is related to the ebony tree. Another name for this fruit is Mabolo.

Watermelon

Watermelons consist for a big part of water. The watermelon is one of the biggest fruits, with fruits often weighing several kilos. The biggest watermelon ever found was 122 kilos.

Alphabetical list of fruit names

All these fruits and many more agricultural crops can now be found if the World Crops Database.

What are Pomegranates and How Are They Used In Cooking?

What Does A Pomegranate Look Like?

The pomegranate is one of those fruits that everyone has heard of and few have actually tried. From the outside, it does not always look particularly appealing. Although the skin, when ripe, takes on a deep ruby color rarely rivaled in nature, it is thick, tough, and somewhat daunting to combat. Like so many things in life, however, the rewards of taking the time to get to know this delightful and exotic fruit are vast.

The pomegranate is unlike any other fruit. Although it is similar in size to an orange, its shape is an odd combination of a sphere and a hexagon, with a prominent calyx on one end. The reasoning behind this somewhat complex shape is the brilliant pattern of seeds inside the thick husk. A pomegranate, when opened, reveals a dense collection of seeds nestled among a whitish, spongy pulp.

Are They Edible?

Although the pulp of the pomegranate is edible, it is the seeds that provide the real treat. Each seed is individually encased in crimson colored sac.

The juice of this sac is what provides the tart taste and the deep red color that consumers find in the variety of juices and pomegranate-based products currently on the market.

If not eaten carefully, this same juice can stain the fingers a reddish-purplish color—a telltale sign that the allure of the pomegranate has once again proven too strong. Overall, the seeds and their encasings count for about half of the pomegranate’s weight.

Depending on the variety and degree of ripeness, the seeds of the pomegranate can vary in taste from only a little sour (similar to ripe cherries) to fairly sharp (similar to uncooked cranberries). They can be enjoyed straight by simply eating the seeds, in any of a number of pomegranate-derived goods, or as a juice.

Those with milder tastes often find the commercially-available juice blends more palatable than straight pomegranate juice, which can be fairly robust.

Pomegranate as a Super Fruit

The recent explosion of interest in the pomegranate is due in large part to its recent classification as a “super fruit.” Like the name suggests, superfruits are typically more in demand than garden-variety bananas and apples. By definition, super fruits are exotic fruits with higher than average levels of antioxidants, nutritional content, and success with modern consumers.

The pomegranate fulfills each of these categories and has even been featured in a number of scientific studies for its ability to combat the aging process. The pomegranate has become so popular of late that it has even surpassed the blueberry, America’s once-favorite super fruit, in terms of popularity.

Though originally from the Middle East, pomegranates are now commonly grown in California and its mild-to-temperate climactic equivalents. The varieties out of California are typically available in most specialty stores (and even in many chain grocery stores) at their peak of productivity, which is between September and January.

Pomegranates grow on bushes that can reach heights of 50 feet, although most commercial varieties are much kinder on their cultivators, reaching an average height closer to between 10 and 20 feet.

Pomegranates are considered by many to be a pretty tough and ancient breed. Not only are the bushes able to grow to considerable heights, but they can live for hundreds of years (even though the best fruits are typically only produced in the first few decades of the pomegranate bush’s long life). Pomegranates are also known for their ability to withstand lengthy droughts; in fact, climates with too much moisture during the ripening season can cause damage to the roots and fruits.

The Myth Behind Pomegranates

Further contributing to their aura of antiquity is the pomegranate’s appearance in a number of historical and mythological tales. Its origin lies in the ancient lands of Afghanistan and the Mediterranean, and it has been enjoyed in cooking and medicine throughout the Middle East for centuries.

In Iran, the juicing of the pomegranate is an enjoyable household chore. In Italy, the act of opening the pomegranate—a task that many consider to be the major barrier in enjoying this delightful fruit—is considered a means of social interaction. It’s no wonder that people have been interested in this fruit long before American consumers got wind of its incredibly delicious and healthful properties.

The History of Pomegranates

If you want to learn more about pomegranates and the history around them, please check out my post called The History of Pomegranates.

The pomegranate is a shrub or small tree that reaches 6 to 20 feet (2 to 6 meters) in height (occasionally as high as 30 feet, or 9 meters). Although mostly cultivated for its round, red fruit, some fruitless pomegranate varieties are grown as ornamental plants for gardens and landscaping. The tree has multiple spiny branches with a graceful, drooping habit, along with abundant, glossy green leaves and cheerful, orange-red flowers.

Leaves

The leaves are narrow and pointed, up to 4 inches (10 centimeters) long, and grow in a whorl formation along the branch. The shrub or tree is deciduous in most climates (although evergreen in the tropics), and the leaves turn yellow in the fall before dropping from the tree. Pomegranates can be extremely long-lived: some specimens in France are known to have survived more than 200 years.

A pomegranate flower has attracted a pollinator—a beetle.

Flowers

Pomegranate blossoms are pretty precursors to the fruit. They are trumpet shaped, with three to seven petals, and bright orange-red in color. They attract pollinators, especially bees and hummingbirds, enticing them with nectar to brush against the yellow pollen inside. The flowers bloom throughout the summer, in varying singles and clusters at the ends of the branches. Because not all of the flowers develop and open at the same time, the tree has a better chance pollination and setting more fruit.

Fruit and Seeds

If pollination occurs, the petals fall off to reveal the bulb of the fruit, which gradually swells to a globe shape 4 inches (10 centimeters) in diameter with the many seeds inside. The outer skin of the fruit is leathery and tough, and changes from yellow and pink to red as it ripens (depending on the variety). The inside of the fruit is divided into sections by firm, papery material. This creates compartments packed with the fleshy, juicy, edible sacs that surround small, white seeds.

These juicy sacs (which are sometimes referred to as arils, although the correct term are sarcotesta, a type of seed coat) are edible as is, along with the seed inside, or may be pressed to produce juice for drinking or to make jelly, jam, or syrup. Most pomegranate fruit is red, although some varieties produce burgundy, purple, pink, or even white or clear sarcotesta. Each globe-shaped fruit can hold anywhere from 200 to 1,400 seeds!

Pomegranate Trees Stock Photos and Images

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  • A pomegranate fruit growing on a pomegranate tree in a garden in Peniscola, Northern Spain
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  • Pomegranate or Granate Apple, Punica granatum ‘Hazel Hyde’, Lythraceae (Punicaceae), native to Southwest Asia.
  • Ripe pomegranate fruits on a tree branch close-up
  • Orchard in Greece with trees and Pomegranate
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  • Pomegranate (Punica granata), Ferragudo, Faro District, Portugal
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  • Lord Howe Silvereye or ‘Little Grinnell’ (Zosterops lateralis tephropleurus) on a pomegranate; Lord Howe Island, NSW, Australia
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  • Picture: Steve Race – The flower of the Pomegranate (Prunica granatum), Catalunya, Spain.
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Pomegranate Tree Stock Photos

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The pomegranate Punica granatum is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 10 m 16 and Pomegranate tree. The pomegranate Punica granatum is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 10 m 16 and Pomegranate tree. The pomegranate Punica granatum is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 10 m 16 and Pomegranate tree. Close up of the pomegranate tree branch with fresh red pomegranates Isolated Green pomegranate Dalim or bedana or anar fruit on the tree in leaves. Blur Background. Pomegranate Tree. Punica granatum hanging from tree Two glass bottles of pomegranate juice, fruit, seeds and flowering branch of pomegranate tree isolated on white. Two glass bottles of pomegranate juice, fruit Pomegranate flower on the tree. Pomegranate branch with red flower on the tree Ripe pomegranate fruit and trunk of the tree/Dalim fal. 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Isolated ripe red pomegranate fruit on tree branch Pomegranate flowers on tree. Are looking beautiful

Pomegranate trees are usually fairly small and can be grown as either a tree or a shrub depending on how you choose to prune and train it. Pomegranate trees are also an ideal choice of tree to create a vibrant flowering hedge, as they can become quite dense when grown alongside each other.

The pomegranate fruit is a leathery skinned red sphere known as an aril. The thick aril contains several hundred juicy red edible fruits that are similar to berries. They are known for their antioxidant properties and many associated health benefits. Due to this, pomegranates have seen a rise in popularity in grocery stores and can be quite expensive to purchase, so if you are a fan of the fruit, a good way to save money is to grow your own pomegranate trees. But even if the fruit isn’t to your liking, the pomegranate tree is worth growing just for the bright red flowers it features (University of Florida).

Pomegranate Tree Overview

Quick Facts

Origin Europe and Asia
Scientific Name Punica Granatum
Family Lythraceae
Type Perennial, deciduous fruit-bearing tree or shrub
Common Names Pomegranate Tree
Toxicity Non-toxic
Light Full sun
Watering Water moderately
Height Up to 33 feet
Pests Aphids

Varieties

There are many varieties of pomegranate tree to choose from, and it’s good to know what the different varieties are capable of so that you can match up your requirements to an appropriate type. Some will be hardier than others if you live in a cooler climate, while others will be recommended for especially juicy fruit if you want to grow pomegranates to eat fresh.

Angel Red

This variety of pomegranate tree is renowned for producing an abundance of fruit. The fruit itself is exceptionally juicy, making it ideal if you want to make your own pomegranate juice from the fruit. As well as being flavorful, this variety is loved for its strikingly bright red fruits.

Kashmir Blend

This variety of tree produces fruit with medium-hard seeds. It works well for cooking or juicing, though some people find the fruit a little hard to eat fresh. The find of the fruit is notable for being red with a slight lime green tinge to it. As a smaller variety, this could work well grown in a pot.

Sienevyi

This is one of the most popular types of pomegranate tree, thanks to its large sweet fruits, which are juicy with soft seeds. These pomegranates are excellent eaten fresh from the tree and have a taste that can be compared to watermelon. The outside of this fruit is pinkish red with purple arils.

Caring for Your Pomegranate Tree

Planting

The pomegranate tree will adapt to either acidic or alkaline soil, though it prefers something in the range of 5 to 7 pH. Add plenty of organic well-rotted compost to your soil, as this will both improve drainage and also improve the quality of the soil, providing much-needed nutrients to the pomegranate tree.

Once you have adequately prepared the soil, you are ready to plant your tree. The distance between trees will be dependent on what look you are trying to create with your trees. To create a hedge. you can plant the trees in a row, leaving a distance of around 6 to 8 feet between each tree. This will allow the trees to reach each other and blend to create a hedge, while still giving them enough space to ensure good air circulation and room to thrive.

For an orchard, you can plant pomegranate trees at a distance of 15 to 20 feet from each other. Pomegranate trees also make ideal container trees, as they are relatively small and do not have a vast root system and therefore adapt well to life in a container. If you are looking for a fruit tree to grow on your balcony or in a small garden, then the pomegranate tree is a good option, provided it will be in a position of full sun.

Watering

Pomegranate trees like to be watered deeply and regularly. As an estimate, an average pomegranate tree should receive around 50 to 60 inches of water per year, though this will be affected by the amount of sun it receives, along with the size of the tree. As the tree enjoys lots of water, it’s imperative that you prepare a well darning soil for it to grow in, as it will not tolerate sitting in soggy soil.

Water your pomegranate tree deeply around every 7 to 10 days, though if your area has experienced heavy rain, you should cut back to account for this. Pomegranate trees grown in containers will need more frequent waterings, as moisture evaporates from a pot more quickly than ground soil, and roots are confined by the limitations of the pot, and so, cannot seek out moisture elsewhere if they become thirsty. Pomegranate trees will benefit from extra water during flowering and fruiting seasons.

Light

Pomegranate trees need full sun to produce an abundance or large and juicy fruits. While the tree will grow in shade, it will grow at a slower pace, and the fruits it produces will be small and slightly dry. Ensure you plant your tree in a position where it will receive sunlight for most, if not all, of the day. If your pomegranate is grown in a pot, you can move it around as the seasons change to make sure it is always recieving optimum sunlight.

Temperature

Pomegranates originally hail from tropical regions, and so, are best suited to warm and hot climates. An ideal temperature range for growing pomegranate trees is between 40 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. If you live in a suitably warm climate, then pomegranate trees are one of the most rewarding fruiting trees you can grow. If you live in a cooler region, you could try your hand at growing a pomegranate tree indoors, which should be reasonably successful provided you position it in a spot with plenty of light.

While the tree does prefer to be kept warm, it is mildly frost-tolerant. It can cope with temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit, but only for short periods of time. If it is kept in these conditions for too long, it will suffer from leaf drop and may even die.

Humidity

Pomegranates enjoy high humidity, though this is difficult to control in an outdoor environment. Maintaining moist soil will help to increase humidity. As the water evaporates from the soil, it will increase the moisture content of the air. The tree is ideally suited to naturally humid climates, but if you grow the plant indoors, you can artificially increase humidity by misting the plant or using an electric humidifier.

Propagation

If you have a pomegranate tree and would like to grow more of that variety, you can easily do so by propagating with cuttings. This is preferable to growing from seed as it takes less time, and the result is predictable. You can grow pomegranate trees from seed with success, but unpredictable genetic variations can occur, so you cannot reliably know what sort of pomegranate tree you will end up with. In some cases, you may end up with one that bears inedible fruits.

By growing from cuttings, you guarantee that the new plant will be of the same variety as the mother plant. To achieve this, take a semi-hardwood cutting of around 15 inches from your pomegranate tree. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone, remove any lower stems or foliage, and plant it into well-draining potting soil. You could plant it directly into the ground outside or into a container. The best time to do this is in very early spring, when the plant is just gearing up to have a period of increased growth. This timing will also mean that the plant has enough time to develop a good root system, so it is strong enough to get through a frosty winter (Royal Horticultural Society).

Pruning

The type of pruning you need to undertake will be determined by how you want your pomegranate tree to grow. Their natural shape is that of a shrub, with several branches growing out from the ground. However, you can tame this plant to give it the look of a tree by removing all but one of the suckers and growing that as the main trunk.

Otherwise, you shouldn’t prune your pomegranate tree until it reaches about two feet in height. At this point, you should remove all of the weaker shoots, leaving the strongest 5 or 6 intact. This will help to ensure your pomegranate tree is as sturdy as possible. Over the coming two years, snip back new growth on the tree to encourage more new growth. Though this seems counterintuitive, the plant will respond well and you will end up with a much fuller, stronger shrub.

Once the plant reaches around three years old, you won’t need to do any more tactical pruning, simply limiting any pruning to periodically removing dead or damaged branches.

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