Types of poppy flowers

Popular Poppy Varieties: Types Of Poppies For The Garden

Poppies add a splash of color to the flower bed, they’re easy to grow and there are hundreds of poppy varieties to choose from. With so many different poppy plants available, the biggest problem for gardeners is narrowing down the selection!

Choosing Poppies for the Garden

Poppies belong to the Papaveraceae family and are represented by many different species and varieties of poppy. Some species of Papaveraceae grow wild and are weed-like in appearance, and others are shrubs. When trying to choose flowering poppies for the garden, we can narrow the choice by focusing on some of the more popular types of poppies:

Corn Poppy

Corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas) is an easy-to-grow annual that blooms in spring or early summer. It comes in a variety of colors including red, white, yellow, pink, salmon and lilac. These poppy varieties include the traditional Red Flanders poppy, which gained popularity due to the WW1 remembrance poem, In Flanders Fields, by J. McCrae.

The popular Shirley poppy has crinkled silky flower petals. Try Angel’s Choir for a gorgeous double flower in pastel shades of coral, peach and apricot, or Pandora for midsized double or semi-double flowers in sultry shades of rose and red streaked with gray.

Oriental Poppy

Oriental varieties of poppy (Papaver orientale) are best known for their gigantic blooms, with some flowers reaching 9 to 10 inches (23 to 25 ½ cm.) across. Oriental poppies are perennials which are winter hardy in colder climates. Flowers come in a multitude of colors, many of which have a blotch of black at the base of each petal. This species blooms in late spring or early summer.

Try Goliath for its huge traditionally shaped orange-red flowers. Interesting varieties that produce smaller ruffled blooms include Central Park (deep reddish purple with black center) and Patty’s Plum (purplish plum with lavender gray centers.)

Opium Poppy

Long grown for its medicinal properties, opium poppy flowers (Papaver soniferum) are available in a wide range of colors and flowering types. Drama Queen, one of the fringed poppy varieties, has frilly crimson and indigo petals with a pale green pollen center. Dried opium poppy seed pods are also popular in floral arrangements.

Unfortunately, opium types of poppies may be illegal to grow in some locales. Be sure to check the laws in your region before attempting to grow these poppy plants.

California Poppy

Native to the west coast of the United States, these varieties of poppies produce blooms in shades of cream, yellow, orange, pink and purple. A showpiece variety, California Watermelon Heaven’s crepe paper petals are a splash of watermelon pink highlighted by a pale cream center.

Due to their shorter height, some varieties of California poppies (Eschscholzia californica)

make good choices for container plants. Many California poppies are grown as annuals even though this species is considered a perennial.

Himalayan Poppy

Renowned for its true-blue flowers, Himalayan poppies (Meconopsis betonicifolia) are harder to cultivate than most species. Their growing requirements stem from their origins high in the Himalayan mountains and include an evenly moist, but well-drained soil and dappled shade. They tend to be short-lived perennials.

Iceland poppy

Although the Iceland poppy (Papaver nudicaule) is from the Papaver genus, it is one of the harder poppies to cultivate. They are not heat tolerant and, even though they are perennials, they may need to be grown as annuals throughout much of the United States.

They range in color from whites and yellows to various pastel shades of pinks and orange. As compared to other types of poppies, Iceland poppies have a longer vase life. Thus, they make excellent cut flowers.

Poppy Appeal: What do the different coloured poppies mean?

Getty Images What do the different poppy colours mean?

Many people choose to wear a poppy in November for Remembrance Day to show respect for the people who died fighting in the First World War and the conflicts that followed it.

But there are other coloured poppies too – purple, black and white – that have different meanings.

What does the red poppy mean?Getty Images Red poppy: Memorial to World War One and following conflicts

The red poppy is the most famous symbol used to commemorate those who sacrificed their lives in World War One and conflicts that followed.

Wearing a poppy was inspired by the fields of poppies that grew where many of the battles were fought.

The red poppy is connected to the Royal British Legion – a charity created by veterans of World War One.

They say that the red poppy represents remembrance and hope.

What does the purple poppy mean?Getty Images Purple poppy: To remember animal victims of war

The purple poppy is often worn to remember animals that have been victims of war.

Animals like horses, dogs and pigeons were often drafted into the war effort, and those that wear the purple poppy feel their service should be seen as equal to that of human service.

In particular, many horses were killed or injured in World War One.

Donations to the Purple Poppy Appeal, which is organised by the War Horse Memorial, will go to charities like World Horse Welfare and the animal charity, Blue Cross.

What does the black poppy mean?Getty Images Black poppy: Remembering African, black and Caribbean communities’ contribution

The black poppy has two different meanings attached to it.

It is most commonly associated with the commemoration of black, African and Caribbean communities’ contribution to the war effort – as servicemen and servicewomen, and as civilians.

The campaign organisers say that while they also support the red poppy, they feel that the black poppy highlights this contribution and the place of black, African and Caribbean communities in remembrance.

What does the white poppy mean?Getty Images White poppy: Remembers people who died in conflict with a focus on an end to war

Some people feel that the red poppy glorifies war and conflict.

Instead they might choose to wear a white poppy.

The white poppy is handed out by a charity called Peace Pledge Union, which promotes peace.

They say that the white poppy commemorates people who died in conflict, but focuses on achieving peace and challenging the way we look at war.

What poppy do you wear? Or do you choose not to wear a poppy? Let us know in the comments below.

If you love flowers, then you certainly want to know everything about them. There are so many different species of flowers and each of them is special in its way. If you have your favorite flower, you must have discovered all characteristics of that flower as well as its symbolism. Since the earliest times people talk about the flower symbolism. But, what does it actually mean? It means that flowers are not just plants that grow in your garden, but they are much more than that. Each flower is recognizable for its color and fragrance, but have you ever wondered what a certain flower can mean? You may did not know, but all flowers have special meanings and they symbolize something related to our emotions, thoughts and our life in general.

The symbolism of flowers exists since the ancient times. People have always tried to find the meaning of flowers and to discover what they may symbolize. There are clear meanings for the most of flowers, but some species are mysterious even today. Botanists and other scientists are trying to find out the answers to many questions related to the flowers and their symbolism. If you are interested in flower symbolism as well, then you should not miss this text.

In this text we will talk about the poppy flower. This flower is one of the most used symbolic flowers in the world. The poppy flower has been known for its medicinal properties since long ago. Also, it is known that this flower can be eaten. But, there are many other things related to the poppy flower that you may not know. Did you know that the poppy flower is related to our emotions? Have you heard of its symbolism? Do you know in which occasions the poppy flower is the most appropriate? If you continue reading this article, you will find out. In this article you will see what the poppy flower may symbolize and why it is so popular.

Also, we will tell you what is the meaning of different colors of this flower. If you are a flower lover, then you will certainly like this article and you will find interesting information. Before we tell you what the poppy flower means and symbolize, you will see something about this flower and its characteristics in general.

What Is the Poppy Flower?

There are many interesting things about the poppy flower that you should know and we will tell you the most important facts about it. Actually, the poppy is a flowering plant and it belongs to the family Papaveraceae. It has beautiful colorful flowers and edible seeds. The poppy flower has 4-6 petals that may be in different colors. Later in this text you will have the opportunity to read more about the colors of the poppy flower and their symbolism. It is interesting that the pollen of the poppy flower seeds can also be in many different colors, such as gray, yellow, blue, etc.

The poppy flowers grow best in the cool climates, they love sun and they are grown both as perennials and annuals. These flowers can be found all around the Europe, in the Eastern countries, as well as in America. It is interesting to know that in California this plant is regarded as the state flower of this country.

There is no doubt that the poppy flower is a very nice plant that is usually used for decoration. This flower is well-known for its beauty, so it will certainly make your garden beautiful. But, there are also many other uses of this flower. It is important to know in which purposes you can use the poppy flower.

We have already said that the poppy flower has been used in medical purposes since the earliest times. This flower is used for the production of opium, morphine and many other drugs that are very important in medicine. When it comes to opium, it is important to know that this substance is a hallucinogenic drug and it can be very dangerous. But, not all poppy flowers contain opium. The only poppy with this substance is the oriental poppy. Morphine is a drug for relieving a pain and it is used even today.

There are also the poppy flowers that can be used for teas. The tea made of poppies is known for its calming effect. If you drink a cup of the poppy tea, it will soothe your nerves and make you feel relaxed. The black seeds from the poppy flower can be found in bread and many other foods. When we press these seeds, we can produce the oil that is very beneficial. This oil is usually used for the production of many cosmetic products and it is also used for cooking.

When it comes to cooking, the poppy oil is used for producing margarine or as an oil for dressing a salad. The seeds of the poppy flower contain a lot of carbohydrates, protein, calcium and also oil. They are very beneficial for our health and they are edible all over the world. It is also believed that the water made of this plant can make our skin fresh and also remove wrinkles.

These are some of the most important information related to the poppy flower and its characteristics. Now when you know what the poppy flower is and how it looks like, we will tell you also what this beautiful flower may symbolize. The symbolism of flowers is very important, as we have already said. If you would like to know what the poppies may symbolize, then continue reading this article. You will certainly find information that are interesting and useful for you.

Meaning and Symbolism of the Poppy Flower

The poppy flower has many different meanings and they vary from culture to culture. There is a lot to learn about this beautiful flower. In the first place we have to say that the poppy flower is a symbol of recovery, relaxation and sleep. In ancient Greece and Rome it was believed that the poppy flower had a sedative effect, so it could help in sleeping. In Greece this flower was also used in the shrines of the fertility goddess named Demeter and also in the shrines of the hunt goddess named Diana. There is no doubt that the poppy flower had a very rich history. In the past this flower was a symbol of remembrance to people who lost their lives in the World War I. If someone in your family has died, the poppy flower is considered as a symbol of consolation as well.

All over the world this flower symbolizes death, better told the remembrance of someone’s death. It especially refers to the death of soldiers that have passed away in the war, as we have already mentioned. The poppy flower got this name during the Victorian period, which is another interesting information related to this flower.

Also, this flower may symbolize peace, eternity and resurrection. Sometimes it is considered as a symbol of luxury, success and beauty as well. In China or Japan the poppy flower is considered as a symbol of passion, loyalty and love, so it is usually recommended for couples. There is also a popular Chinese legend about this flower. If you would like to make a gift for your loved person, then you can give her the poppy flower, but this symbolism is more typical for the Eastern cultures. In the West it is better to choose another flower as a symbol of love and passion. Like we said, the poppy flower is mostly associated with death and peace. We should also mention the fact that the poppy flowers are usually regarded as symbols of magic and imagination as well.

For the Christians the poppy flower is always regarded as a symbol of death. The red petals of this flower are a symbol of Christ who was sacrificed.

The symbolism of poppy flowers is also related to the Muladhara chakra. If you are wondering what it means, now we will tell you. It is associated with the so called Hindu tantrism and it is one of the seven chakras. The muladhara chakra is represented in red color and in the form of a lotus which has 4 petals. It is important to know that the color of the poppies is vibrant red, which means that it is a very strong center of energy.

Now when you know what the poppy flower may symbolize, we will tell you in which occasions this flower can be used. First of all we have to say that the poppy flower is usually used for funerals and remembrance of soldiers who have died in the war. We have also mentioned that the poppy flower can improve the sleep quality, so it is usually used as a treatment for insomnia. If you want to surprise your partner with a nice and romantic bouquet, then we recommend you to choose poppy flowers. This bouquet can always be a sign of romantic love and care, but we have already explained that symbolism.

Also, if you celebrate something special, you can use this beautiful flower for your decoration. There is no doubt that the poppy flower will make the atmosphere luxurious and special. The poppy flowers are very attractive and they are cultivated as ornamental plants all over the world.

You have seen the most important meanings of the poppy flower and also the symbolism of this flower. As you could see, the poppy flower is used not only for decoration and producing drugs, but also as a very important symbol. We have told you what the red poppy flower can symbolize and why it is considered to be so important. But, it is also important to know that the meaning of a certain flower depends in a great extent on the color of a flower. Something more about that you will have the opportunity to see below. We will tell you what each of the colors of the poppy flower may symbolize, so you will be able to distinguish their meanings.

Colors of the Poppy Flower

As we have already mentioned, the color of a flower plays the crucial role when it comes to the flower symbolism. Because of that it is very important to know what a certain color means and what a certain flower may symbolize. When it comes to the poppy flower, we have to say that it appears mostly in white, red, blue, pink and purple color.

In China and Japan the white poppy flower is regarded as a symbol of death and it is usually used for funerals. All other colors of poppy flowers symbolize beauty and success in Eastern countries. In the West the white poppy flower is a symbol of peace and sleep. When it comes to the red poppy flower, we can say that it is usually associated with the World War I. Actually, it symbolizes the remembrance of young people who died during the war. There is a belief that the red poppy flower can symbolize the begin of a summer as well.

Also, there are many other different beliefs related to the red poppy flower. In the East the red poppy flower is considered as a symbol of succes and love, while in the West it usually symbolizes consolation and death. It is interesting to mention that the red poppy flower is the national flower in Albania and Kosovo. The flag of Albania is in the same color as the red poppy flower. We have also said that there are pink, purple and blue poppy flowers. They are usually associated with something imaginative and they symbolize success and luxury.

Now when you know all the meanings of poppy flowers, we will tell you something more about the special language of this flower. Actually, it is believed that the poppy flower represents our loved people who have passed away. The poppy flower is telling us that these people are protecting us and loving us, even though they may not be with us physically. The poppy flower is also telling us that the peace is of the crucial importance for good sleep. You should relax and think more of positive things that are all around us. We should eliminate all negative thoughts that exist around us.

You have seen in this article that the poppy flower is very special flower. We have already said that its symbolism has been very popular since long ago. As we have said, the poppy flower may be a symbol of death, peace, consolation, love and many other things. If you believe in the symbolism of flowers, then you have probably understood the message that the poppy flower is giving to us. It is very important to understand the message that comes from flowers, because it will help us choose the appropriate flower for each occasion. We have already said that the poppy flower is used both in funerals and different celebrations. If you celebrate your success or success from someone of your family, then you certainly want to prepare a special event. If you make arrangementes with poppy flower, you will make a great choice.

Also, you should not forget that this flower is a symbol of remembrance of people who are not anymore with us. The symbolism of the poppy flower is very powerful, so we have mentioned many different meanings that can be related to poppy flowers.

We hope this article has awakened your attention and you have learned something you did not know before. Also, we are sure that now you will know in which situation you can use poppy flowers. We hope that you liked this article and you have found the answers to all questions that you had. If you believe in the symbolism of flowers, then you should take into account what the poppy flower means and why it is so special.

Here’s What The Four Different Coloured Poppies Represent

The Hook in UncategorisedPublished 08.11.18

100 years ago a peace treaty was signed which brought with it the end of the Great War. In said war, 16 million soldiers were killed, and combined with the deaths of innocent civilians, the number rose to an astronomical 37 million people.

It become one of the deadliest conflicts in human history, and remains up there with the worst.

Years later, World War Two broke out, which lead to between 50 million to 80 million deaths. On Remembrance Day, we think of those who selflessly gave their lives for our freedom, as well as pay our respects to people affected in more recent conflicts, and the ongoing plight of the veterans.

People show their respects in many ways, but ultimately, wearing a poppy is the typical tribute.

In recent years however, while the red poppy remains prevalent, a rise of different coloured poppies has swept the nation, including white, black, and purple.

Each of the four choices comes courtesy of a different charity, and represents a different cause within the sub-genre of paying respects.

Here’s what they mean:


The common red poppy is from the Royal British Legion, and signifies memorial to the people who died during World War One and later conflicts.


Similarly, the white poppy pays tribute to those who died in conflict, but emphasises an ultimate commitment to peace. This one is the hallmark of the Peace Pledge Union


The black poppy is for remembering people of African, black and Caribbean decent who contributed in any way to the any of the wars since and including World War One. BlackPoppyRose purvey this one.


The purple poppy represents the memorial to the animals who sadly lost their lives during the war efforts. This comes courtesy of the Animals Aid Charity.

Lest we forget.

Images via Getty, Peace Pledge Union


Matilija poppyTime-lapse video of a Matilija poppy (Romneya coulteri) flowering. Native to southern California, U.S., and Baja California, Mexico, the plant is often grown as an ornamental in dry climates.Video by Neil Bromhall (A Britannica Publishing Partner)See all videos for this article

Poppy, any of several flowering plants of the poppy family (Papaveraceae), especially species of the genus Papaver. Most poppies are found in the Northern Hemisphere, and several species of poppies are cultivated as garden ornamentals.

corn poppyCorn poppy (Papaver rhoeas).Johnathan J. Stegeman

Poppies have lobed or dissected leaves, milky sap, often nodding buds on solitary stalks, and four- to six-petaled flowers with numerous stamens surrounding the ovary. The two sepals usually drop off as the petals unfold. The ovary develops into a spherical capsule topped by a disk formed by the stigmas. The many small seeds escape from pores beneath the disk when the capsule is shaken by the wind.

Opium, from which morphine, heroin, codeine, and papaverine are derived, comes from the milky latex in the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum), which is native to Turkey. An annual plant, it bears 12.7-cm- (5-inch-) wide pink-to-red (purple) or white flowers on plants 1 to 1.5 metres (about 3 to 5 feet) tall, with lobed or toothed silver-green foliage. The opium poppy is also grown for its nonnarcotic ripe seeds, which are used for seasoning, oil, and birdseed (see poppy seed). Red-flowered and double and semidouble strains are garden ornamentals.

Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) with (left) mature fruit and seed and (right) detail of flower.J. Fujishima–B.W. Halstead, World Life Research Institute

About 50 other species of Papaver are grown for their attractive flowers or interestingly cut foliage. The Oriental poppy (P. orientale), native to the Middle East, has 15.2-cm (6-inch) scarlet, salmon, pink, white, or red blooms on 1.2-metre- (4-foot-) tall long-lived perennial plants. The white-and-red or white-and-pink Shirley poppy is an annual variety developed from the corn poppy (P. rhoeas). The long-headed poppy (P. dubium) is an annual similar to the corn poppy but with narrower, tapering capsules and smaller, paler flowers. The Iceland poppy (P. nudicaule), from Arctic North America, is a short-lived perennial 30 cm tall with fragrant white, orange, reddish, or bicoloured 7.6-cm flowers. The peacock poppy (P. pavoninum)—with scarlet petals bearing a dark spot at the base in 2.5-cm (1-inch) blooms on 30-cm- (1-foot-) tall plants—is an annual from Central Asia.

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The poppy family is well represented in western North America, with at least 13 genera. California is particularly rich in native species. The best known of these is the California poppy (Eschscholzia californica), an annual with brilliant orange-coloured flowers that is extensively naturalized in California, Australia, and India.

California poppy (Eschscholzia californica).Grant Heilman/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Other ornamental members of the poppy family include the Matilija poppy (Romneya coulteri), with 15.2-cm (6-inch) fragrant white flowers on a 2.4-metre- (7.9-feet-) tall perennial herbaceous plant, native to southwestern North America; the plume poppies, members of the Asian genus Macleaya, grown for their interestingly lobed giant leaves and 2-metre- (6.6-feet-) tall flower spikes; plants of the genus Bocconia, mild-climate woody shrubs native to tropical America, prized for their large cut leaves; the snow poppy (Eomecon chionantha), a perennial from China, with white cuplike flowers in sprays; and the flaming poppy (Stylomecon heterophylla), with purple-centred brick-red flowers on an annual plant from western North America. The genus Meconopsis includes the Welsh poppy.

Poppy Flowers

Poppy Flowers

With their glorious crepe-paperlike blooms in a wide variety of brilliant hues, annual poppies add a ton of color to the garden. They’re easy to grow and often self-seed, allowing them to appear year after year. It’s best to grow them from seed directly in the ground as most do not transplant well. They work well in cottage-style landscapes scattered among late spring-blooming perennials.

genus name
  • Papaver_ spp.
  • Sun
plant type
  • Annual
  • 1 to 3 feet,
  • 3 to 8 feet
  • 6-12 inches wide
flower color
  • Red,
  • Orange,
  • White
foliage color
  • Blue/Green,
  • Chartreuse/Gold
season features
  • Spring Bloom,
  • Fall Bloom,
  • Summer Bloom
problem solvers
  • Drought Tolerant
special features
  • Good for Containers
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6,
  • 7,
  • 8,
  • 9,
  • 10,
  • 11
  • Seed

More varieties for Poppy

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Breadseed poppy

Papaver somniferum is the largest annual poppy, reaching more than 3 feet tall. In summer, it bears flowers in shades of pink, lilac, mauve, red, or white, followed by large seed pods that are good for dried arrangements. Use the dried seeds in baking, too.

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Corn poppy

Papaver rhoeas grows up to 3 feet tall and 1 foot wide. In summer, it bears brilliant orange-red flowers, sometimes marked with a black base on the petals. It is also called field poppy, a reference to its tendency to naturalize in open fields.

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Papaver croceum is a short-lived perennial usually grown as an annual. It features yellow, white, orange, or pink flowers in spring and summer. It grows 1 foot tall and is often also called Papaver nudicaule. Zones 2-8

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‘Mother of Pearl’ poppy

Papaver rhoeas ‘Mother of Pearl’ is a variety of corn poppy also sometimes called ‘Fairy Wings’. It produces delicate pink or lilac flowers.

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‘Peony Flowered’ poppy

Papaver somniferum ‘Peony Flowered’ is a breadseed poppy variety with large, frilly double flowers in pink, salmon, purple, maroon, or white.

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Shirley poppies

Papaver rhoeas Shirley Series are corn poppy selections with single, semidouble, or double blooms in shades of yellow, pink, rose, orange, or red. Many sport bicolor or picotee petals.

Plant Poppy with

Easy, always fresh, and always eye-catching, Shasta daisy is a longtime favorite. All cultivars produce white daisy flowers in various degrees of doubleness and size. The sturdy stems and long vase life make the flowers unbeatable for cutting. Shasta daisy thrives in well-drained, not overly rich soil. Taller sorts may need staking.

Easy and undemanding, veronicas catch the eye in sunny gardens over many months. Some have mats with loose clusters of saucer-shaped flowers, while others group their star or tubular flowers into erect tight spikes. A few veronicas bring elusive blue to the garden, but more often the flowers are purplish or violet blue, rosy pink, or white. Provide full sun and average well-drained soil. Regular deadheading extends bloom time.

Blanket flowers are wonderfully cheerful, long-blooming plants for hot, sunny gardens. They produce single or double daisy flowers through most of the summer and well into fall. The light brick red ray flowers are tipped with yellow — the colors of Mexican blankets.Blanket flowers tolerate light frost and are seldom eaten by deer. Deadhead the flowers to keep them blooming consistently through the summer and into fall. Some species tend to be short-lived, especially if the soil is not well drained.

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