Have you ever dreamed of having your very own pine tree in your yard? Before you decide to start your search, did you know that there are many different kinds of pine trees out there? It can be an overwhelming decision knowing which one to pick, which is why we’re here to help.
Here are some favorites that may work for your yard.
- Eastern White Pine
- Western White Pine
- Loblolly Pine
- Lodgepole Pine
- Limber Pine
- Ponderosa Pine
- Pinyon Pine
- Stone Pine
- List of Pine Tree Species Names of the Pinus Genus
- Types of Pine Trees Listed With Awesome Pictures
- Pinus Genus (pine)
- Editor’s Note: Want to learn more about Conifers? Become a member of the American Conifer Society and receive our renowned ConiferQuarterly, with articles written by some of the most respected plantsmen and women in the country. You will also be eligible for discounts from many nurseries and help to promote the development, propagation and conservation of conifers around the world. JOIN HERE!
- Pine Trees
- Common Pine Tree Varieties: Learn About Different Types Of Pine Tree
- About Different Pine Trees
- Common Pine Tree Varieties
Eastern White Pine
Eastern White Pine, known scientifically as Pinus strobus, is also sometimes referred to as the Northern White Pine. This is because it is one of the most popular trees found in North America as it is the tallest native conifer.
This tree is among the more rapid growing conifers found in the north. This also makes it a top choice for reforestation projects. Additionally, it is also a very popular Christmas tree.
According to the United States Forest Service, the white pine also has “the distinction of having been one of the more widely planted American trees.” Is it right for your yard?
The needles on the Eastern White Pine are soft, typically found in bundles of five. These needles are bluish green in color and are flexible. They reach lengths of 2-5 inches. The cones of these trees run on the slender side, reaching a length of 3-6 inches.
Easter White Pines will regularly live to over 200 years, with some known to have lived for more than 400 years.
Western White Pine
Western White Pine, known scientifically as Pinus monticola, is also sometimes referred to as silver pine or the California mountain pine. These trees regularly reach heights of 230 feet (averaging 1-2 feet each year) and grow to widths between 19-164 feet. It is quite the majestic looking tree, often reaching taller than the Eastern White Pine.
The Western White Pines are usually grown as ornamental trees. The needles of these trees are soft, found in bundles of five, and have a broadleaved sheath. The needles also have a fine, jagged edge and reach lengths of about 2-5 inches long. The cones of the pines are long and slender, while the scales are thin and flexible.
These trees, like other white pines, can live over 400 years.
Loblolly Pine, known scientifically as the Pinus taeda, is classified as a yellow pine. These trees can reach heights of 98-115 feet and width of 1.3-4.9 feet. In some cases, a Loblolly Pine has been known to grow 160 feet, but this is not as common. These trees are known to help stabilize soil.
The needles of the Loblolly Pine are a hard pine found in bundles of three. The needles are also sometimes twisted. The cones are green in color. They grow to 2-5 inches in length. Each of these cones has a sharp spine.
These trees can live over 300 years.
Lodgepole Pine, known scientifically as Pinus contorta, is sometimes also known as a shore pine or a twister pine. There are four different types of subspecies of this tree. Depending on which subspecies you choose, the Lodgepole Pine will either be an evergreen shrub or a tree. If a shrub form is chosen, it will grow to only 3-10 feet tall. Other, larger subspecies can grow between 130-160 feet high.
The Lodgepole Pine needles are hard and found in bundles of two. They grow 1.5 – 3 inches long and are very thin. The pine cones grow to 1-3 inches long as well. They have prickles on their scales.
These trees tend to live about 150 to 200 years, but some have lived for more than 400 years.
Limber Pine, scientifically known as Pinus flexilis, is part of the Pinaceae family. It is called “limber” due to its pliant branches. The needles of this tree are long and a dark blue-green in color.
The Limber Pine tends to grow approximately 65 feet in favorable conditions and can sometimes reach 80 feet, but that is rare. The needles are a soft pine, found in bundles of five, with broadleaved sheath.
Some Limber Pine trees found in the U.S. exceed 1500 years old.
Ponderosa Pine, known scientifically as Pinus Ponderosa, is also sometimes known as the bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine. In North America, it is the species that is the most widely distributed. Its distinctive bark sets it apart from other species of evergreen trees. It is also a popular choice for an ornamental tree.
There are five subspecies of the Ponderosa Pine all varying in size and needle type. Ponderosa Pine tends to grow to 60-100 feet tall and 25-30 feet wide. The needles, depending on the species, vary greatly.
The Pacific subspecies and Columbia ponderosa, for example, have flexible needles that are found in bundles of three. Meanwhile, the Rocky Mountain subspecies has stout needles that are bushier and found in bundles of two or three.
These trees often to live to approximately 200 years.
The Pinyon Pine, known scientifically as Pinus edulis, rarely grows taller than 20 feet, making this a great choice if you do not want a massive tree in your yard. Additionally, these trees grow nuts, known as pine nuts, that are edible. There are eight different species of true pinyon pine.
Pinyon pine trees do not grow fast. For instance, even after 60 years, these trees may only reach a height of 6-7 feet. The needles on these trees are usually bundled in two, however, some subspecies can yield a single need or needles found in bunches of five.
These trees do live long lives and can exceed 600 years.
The Stone Pine, known scientifically as Pinus pines, can also be referred to as the Mediterranean pine, umbrella pine, or parasol pine. It is often referred to as the umbrella pine as it takes on an umbrella shape with a flat top while the branches grow out. These trees are ornamental trees and are planted in gardens all around the world. Like the Pinyon pine, these trees also grow edible pine nuts.
The Stone Pine typically grows to about 40-66 feet tall, but it’s not uncommon for it to reach 80 feet or taller. The needles on these trees usually grow in bunches of two. It has an expected lifespan of 150 years.
These are just some of the different kinds of pine trees available, however, there are many others as well. If you are looking to add to your landscape and want to know the best one for your space, give us a call; we are happy to advise as you search out the perfect pine!
Tagged as: native pwn pine trees, nw pine trees, pine trees, pnw pine trees, types of pine trees
Pine, (genus Pinus), genus of about 120 species of evergreen conifers of the pine family (Pinaceae), distributed throughout the world but native primarily to northern temperate regions. The chief economic value of pines is in the construction and paper-products industries, but they are also sources of turpentine, rosin, oils, and wood tars. Edible pine seeds, which are sold commercially as pine nuts, piñons, or pinyons, are produced by several species. Many pines are cultivated as ornamentals, including black, white, Himalayan, and stone pines, and some are planted in reforestation projects or for windbreaks. Pine-leaf oil, used medicinally, is a distillation product of the leaves; charcoal, lampblack, and fuel gases are distillation by-products.
stone pineStone pines (Pinus pinea) in Doñana National Park near Seville, Spain.© Martin Ruegner—Photographer’s Choice RF/Getty Imagesresin; wood ant; amberWood ants collecting dried resin from a pine tree, with one ant becoming trapped in the sticky substance.Contunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, MainzSee all videos for this article
Pines are softwoods, but commercially they may be designated as soft pines or hard pines. Soft pines, such as white, sugar, and piñon pines, have relatively soft timber, needles in bundles of five (less commonly, one to four), stalked cones with scales lacking prickles, and little resin. Their wood is close-grained, with thin, nearly white sapwood; the sheaths of the leaf clusters are deciduous, and the leaves contain a single fibrovascular bundle. Hard pines, such as Scotch, Corsican, and loblolly pines, have relatively hard timber, needles in bundles of two or three (rarely, five to eight), cone scales with prickles, and large amounts of resin. Their wood is coarse-grained and usually dark-coloured, with pale, often thick sapwood; the sheaths of the leaf clusters are persistent, and the leaves have two fibrovascular bundles.
Young pine trees are usually conical, with whorls of horizontal branches. Older trees may have round, flat, or spreading crowns. Most species have thick rough furrowed bark. Pines have two types of branches, long shoots and short shoots, and three types of leaves, primordial, scale, and adult. Seedling plants bear the lance-shaped spirally arranged primordial leaves. The triangular scale leaves, also lance-shaped, are borne on the long shoots of older trees. Both long and short shoots develop in the axils of the deciduous scale leaves. The needlelike photosynthetic adult leaves, with two or more resin canals, are borne in fascicles (bundles) of two to five (rarely, up to eight or solitary) at the tip of each short shoot; they remain on the tree 2 to 17 years.
plant reproduction: pine treeThe reproductive process in pine trees.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all videos for this article
Pollen-bearing male cones are covered with many fertile scales, each of which bears two pollen sacs. Ovule-bearing female cones, borne on the same tree, have several spirally arranged bracts (modified leaves), each of which is located below a scale with two ovules (potential seeds). In spring or early summer the pollen sacs release pollen through longitudinal slits; each grain has two air bladders for wind dispersal. The scales on the female cones open to receive the pollen and then close; actual fertilization takes place late the following spring. After fertilization, the woody female cone develops over a two- to three-year period. In some species the cones open at maturity and the seeds are released, while in others the cones remain closed for several years until opened by rotting, by food-seeking animals, or by fire. In some pines the scale bearing the nutlike seed may be expanded to form a wing for airborne dispersal.
sugar pinePinecones of a sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana). The female cones of the sugar pine are the longest of any pine species, reaching up to 61 cm (24 inches) in length.Richard Sniezko/US Forest Service Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today
Pines are susceptible to several fungal diseases, among them white-pine blister rust, and are attacked by many insects, such as sawflies, weevils, bark beetles, and pine tip moths. Some pines are also susceptible to nematode infections and infestations by parasitic dwarf mistletoes (genus Arceuthobium). Pine forests often suffer severe fire damage, being very combustible because of their high resin content. Pines can tolerate drought but require full sunlight and clean air for good growth and reproduction.
Many botanists consider the genus Pinus to contain two subgenera: Haploxylon, or soft pines, which have one fibrovascular bundle, and Diploxylon, or hard pines, which have two.
Many pines have both lumber trade names and several common names. Numerous trees commonly called pines are not true pines but belong to other genera in the family Pinaceae or to other families of conifers.
List of Pine Tree Species Names of the Pinus Genus
Photo of a Pine Tree
Picture of Pine needles and Pine cones
Pine trees are all evergreens and possess needles as leaves and cones as part of their reproductive system. All pines are resinous Coniferous trees. Some Pine species grow as shrubs instead of trees. Pine trees can be found on all continents around the world except Antarctica.
Facts about the Pinus Genus of Trees
- Genus Latin Scientific Name: Pinus
- Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: PY-nus
- Genus Latin Name Meaning: An old name for Pine
- Genus Common Names: Pine
- Pine trees can be divided into three subgenera;
- Pinus Subgenus Pinus; the yellow or hard pine tree groups.
- Pinus Subgenus Strobus; the white or soft pine tree groups.
- Pinus Subgenus Ducampopinus; the Foxtail or Pinyon tree groups.
- Number of Taxa in the Pinus Genus = 121
Pine trees can be divided into two groups according to branch set production;
- Uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the current year’s main trunk shoot.
- Multinodal, producing two or more whorls of branches per year.
Pine tree branches are produced during upward growth of the main steam shoot, braches appearing in regular “pseudo whorls”, (a very tight spiral but appearing like a set of branches all branching out from the same height on the main trunk). Interestingly, the spiral arrangement of branches, needles, and cone scales resemble Fibonacci number ratios (following the numeric golden rule in nature). On Pine trees, the new shoots of branches are sometimes called “candles”. The “Candles” consist of a bud scale either brown or cream color, pyramidal in shape pointing upwards, covering a wad of new needles surrounding the branch bud. The bud scale eventually falls off and the needles spread outward.
The bark on most Pine trees is typically layers of scaly flakes, thick and cracked, brown in color and scented by the resin. Some Pine tree species have a thin flaky bark, when on close observation chunks of bark can be seen just hanging on or flaking off.
List of all Pine Trees, Pinus Genus – All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Pinus albicaulis||Whitebark Pine|
|Pinus amamiana||Yakushima White Pine|
|Pinus apulcensis||Apulco Pine|
|Pinus aristata||Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine|
|Pinus arizonica||Arizona Pine|
|Pinus armandii||Chinese White Pine|
|Pinus attenuata||Knobcone Pine|
|Pinus ayacahuite||Mexican White Pine|
|Pinus balfouriana||Foxtail Pine|
|Pinus banksiana||Jack Pine|
|Pinus bhutanica||Bhutan White Pine|
|Pinus brutia||Turkish Pine|
|Pinus bungeana||Lacebark Pine|
|Pinus canariensis||Canary Island Pine|
|Pinus caribaea||Caribbean Pine|
|Pinus cembra||Swiss Pine|
|Pinus cembroides||Mexican Pinyon|
|Pinus chiapensis||Chiapas Pine|
|Pinus clausa||Sand Pine|
|Pinus contorta||Lodgepole Pine|
|Pinus cooperi||Cooper’s Pine|
|Pinus coulteri||Coulter Pine|
|Pinus cubensis||Cuban Pine|
|Pinus culminicola||Potosi Pinyon|
|Pinus dabeshanensis||Dabieshan Pine|
|Pinus dalatensis||Vietnamese White Pine|
|Pinus densata||Sikang Pine|
|Pinus densiflora||Japanese Red Pine|
|Pinus devoniana||Michoacan Pine|
|Pinus discolor||Border Pinyon|
|Pinus durangensis||Durango Pine|
|Pinus echinata||Shortleaf Pine|
|Pinus edulis||Colorado Pinyon|
|Pinus elliottii||Slash Pine|
|Pinus engelmannii||Apache Pine|
|Pinus eremitana||North Vietnamese White Pine|
|Pinus fenzeliana||Hainan White Pine|
|Pinus flexilis||Limber Pine|
|† Pinus foisyi||(extinct)|
|Pinus fragilissima||Pinus fragilissima|
|Pinus gerardiana||Chilgoza Pine|
|Pinus glabra||Spruce Pine|
|Pinus greggii||Gregg’s Pine|
|Pinus halepensis||Aleppo Pine|
|Pinus hartwegii||Hartweg’s Pine|
|Pinus heldreichii||Bosnian Pine|
|Pinus henryi||Henry’s Pine|
|Pinus herrerae||Herrera’s Pine|
|Pinus hwangshanensis||Huangshan Pine|
|Pinus jaliscana||Jalisco Pine|
|Pinus jeffreyi||Jeffrey Pine|
|Pinus johannis||Johann’s Pinyon|
|† Pinus johndayensis||(extinct) Oligocene|
|Pinus kesiya||Khasi Pine|
|Pinus koraiensis||Korean Pine|
|Pinus krempfii||Krempf’s Pine|
|Pinus lambertiana||Sugar Pine|
|Pinus latteri||Tenasserim Pine|
|Pinus lawsonii||Lawson’s Pine|
|Pinus leiophylla||Chihuahua Pine|
|Pinus longaeva||Great Basin Bristlecone Pine|
|Pinus luchuensis||Luchu Pine|
|Pinus lumholtzii||Lumholtz’s Pine|
|Pinus massoniana||Masson’s Pine|
|† Pinus matthewsii||(extinct) Pliocene, Yukon Territory, Canada|
|Pinus maximartinezii||Big cone Pinyon|
|Pinus maximinoi||Thinleaf Pine|
|Pinus merkusii||Sumatran Pine|
|Pinus monophylla||Single leaf Pinyon|
|Pinus montezumae||Montezuma Pine|
|Pinus monticola||Western White Pine|
|Pinus morrisonicola||Taiwan White Pine|
|Pinus mugo||Mountain Pine|
|Pinus muricata||Bishop Pine|
|Pinus nelsonii||Nelson’s Pinyon|
|Pinus nigra||European Black Pine|
|Pinus occidentalis||Hispaniolan Pine|
|Pinus oocarpa||Egg cone Pine|
|Pinus orizabensis||Orizaba Pinyon|
|Pinus orthophylla||Pinus orthophylla|
|Pinus palustris||Longleaf Pine|
|Pinus parviflora||Japanese White Pine|
|Pinus patula||Patula Pine|
|Pinus peuce||Macedonian Pine|
|Pinus pinaster||Maritime Pine|
|Pinus pinceana||Weeping Pinyon|
|Pinus pinea||Stone Pine|
|Pinus ponderosa||Ponderosa Pine|
|Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa||Washoe Pine, Pacific Ponderosa Pine|
|Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum||Rocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine|
|Pinus praetermissa||McVaugh’s Pine|
|Pinus pringlei||Pringle’s Pine|
|Pinus pseudostrobus||Smooth bark Mexican Pine|
|Pinus pumila||Siberian Dwarf Pine|
|Pinus pungens||Table Mountain Pine|
|Pinus quadrifolia||Parry Pinyon|
|Pinus radiata||Monterey Pine|
|Pinus reflexa||Southwestern White Pine, see Limber Pine|
|Pinus remota||Texas Pinyon or Papershell Pinyon|
|Pinus resinosa||Red Pine|
|Pinus rigida||Pitch Pine|
|Pinus roxburghii||Chir Pine|
|Pinus rzedowskii||Rzedowski’s Pinyon|
|Pinus sabiniana||Gray Pine|
|Pinus serotina||Pond Pine|
|Pinus sibirica||Siberian Pine|
|Pinus squamata||Qiaojia Pine|
|Pinus strobiformis||Chihuahua White Pine|
|Pinus strobus||Eastern White Pine|
|Pinus stylesii||Pinus stylesii|
|Pinus sylvestris||Scots Pine|
|Pinus tabuliformis||Chinese Red Pine|
|Pinus taeda||Loblolly Pine|
|Pinus taiwanensis||Taiwan Red Pine|
|Pinus tecunumanii||Tecun Uman Pine|
|Pinus teocote||Ocote Pine|
|Pinus thunbergii||Japanese Black Pine|
|Pinus torreyana||Torrey Pine|
|Pinus tropicalis||Tropical Pine|
|Pinus virginiana||Virginia Pine|
|Pinus wallichiana||Blue Pine|
|Pinus wangii||Guangdong White Pine|
|Pinus yunnanensis||Yunnan Pine|
Pine Tree List last up-dated on 2018-04-07
We had a mysterious pine tree not too long ago, and here is another. There’s always a new pine species to learn about.
This one is growing in a small park not far from my house in the Shandon area of Columbia. It is a common native species, and can be seen just about all over town, and for that matter, just about anywhere else in South Carolina (mostly though, in the Piedmont counties). You probably have this tree growing not far from where you live, as it is widespread in the southeast, extending from eastern Texas, and Arkansas and Missouri, to the Florida panhandle, and then north. It is frequently found in the New Jersey pine barrens and may reach its northern limit on Staten Island (so said Harvard dendrologist Charles S. Sprague in 1933, in his famous “Manual of the Trees of North America”).
This plant doesn’t like wet feet. You will find it on high-ground sites, away from any standing water. This species is a rapid colonizer of old fields throughout its range. When such fields are colonized, additional pine species, as well as hardwoods, will invariably show up, resulting in what ecologists call a “mixed pine-hardwood” stand.
It is a pine in the genus Pinus, so there’s not much mystery there. But which one? There are about 10 different pines that are native in the South. This one is potentially a large, stately tree, to 100 feet tall (the national champion is apparently in Mississippi and is 138 feet tall), and is valued as an excellent source of lumber, plywood and pulp, although it is not grown in extensive plantations as are its cousins, loblolly and slash pine. The needles are straight (not twisted) and fairly short (4 inches or so) when compared to most of its relatives. Like all pines, it will produce male and female cones on the same branch. The male cones produce pollen. The female cones are the source of the winged seeds; they are sometimes called “seed” cones. The seed cones of this pine are pretty small, compared to other pine species. Each of the woody scales on the seed cone comes with a sharp point, so the whole cone is quite prickly. In fact, the scientific name of this species can be translated as “prickly pine.”
Another mystery presents itself here: way up in the top of the tree, you can see a portion of growth which is compact and dense with crowded needles. This is a “witch’s broom,” an unusual and bristly growth form that may be the result of an injury to the tree, or possibly an infestation of a parasite. Witch’s brooms occur in many conifers, as well as in various broad-leaved trees. They are sometimes prized in horticulture as curiosities.
John Nelson is the curator of the A.C. Moore Herbarium at the University of South Carolina, in the Department of Biological Sciences.
As a public service, the Herbarium offers free plant identifications. For more information, visit www.herbarium.org or call 803-777-8196, or email [email protected]
Types of Pine Trees Listed With Awesome Pictures
Pines are evergreen trees that live for 1000 years or more. There are several types of pine trees and each is different from one another. Scroll down to know more about types of pine trees.
Pine tree, also known as conifera, has recently become very popular as an ornament tree. There are several pine tree types, each with different characteristics. These different characteristics have separated the pine trees from others similar trees. They belong to the genus Pinus, and are further divided into subgenus Strobus – white or soft pines, and subgenus Pinus – yellow or hard pines. However, this is not enough for pine tree identification.
Pine trees are found in North America, Himalayas in India, and several other places throughout the globe. They are known as coniferous trees and evergreens as they are always covered with leaves. Their leaves are needle-shaped. Pine trees are famous for the pine cones that are also called ‘flowers’. These cones are further divided into males and females with the male cone being 1-5 cm long and the female cone being 3-60 cm long. The male pine cones fall soon after having shed their pollen while the female pine cone takes longer, 2-3 years. These cones are eaten by birds and squirrels. Acidic soil helps the pine trees to grow better. All these facts aside, the most important thing is that these trees look aesthetic and are used as Christmas trees too. Here’s a list of pine tree types.
Himalayan Pine Tree
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Himalayan pines grow well in the hardiness zones 5-7 of North America. They can grow up to 50 feet tall and 35 feet in width. The bark is smooth and gray when the tree is young and becomes dark and hard as the tree matures. The branches are few and are spread out. The trunks do not have any branches. The needles are soft and blue-green in color and grow in the bundles of 5, and are up to 4 inches in length. The cones are slender in shape and do not have any thorns on them, and the roots are deep.
White Pine Tree
White pines have several species and all are valuable for their timber. Their high quality wood is soft, and can be used in woodworking. The white pines are further divided into Western white pine and the Eastern white pine. The Western white pine grows slowly and requires a reasonable amount of moisture in the soil. The Eastern white pine grows rapidly and is one of the favorite types for landscaping, growing up to 70 feet height. However, the younger trees are more susceptible to diseases than the older ones.
Ponderosa Pine Tree
Also known as the Western yellow pine, Rock pine, or the Bull pine, these are named so due to their heavy size. They are native to the British Columbia. The trees have a straight trunk with a large crown of branches at the top. The needles are thin with toothed edges, and grow in bundles of 3. The roots are deep inside the ground which not only helps to get enough water and nutrients but also to anchor the tree deep into the ground. The cones of the ponderosa pine trees are narrow and oval shaped, and can reach up to 164 feet in height, in some cases.
Jack Pine Tree
Jack pines, are also known as Prince pine, Princess pine, Scrub pine, to name a few. These trees look shaggy and can grow in cold climates and in poor soils. These trees grow up to 100 feet in height and the roots penetrate deep into the soil as well as grow laterally on the ground. The leaves grow in clusters of 2, and are short. The cones are smaller and closed due to the resinous bond. These trees cannot be used for landscaping. An interesting fact is that when the trees are planted in the deserts, they grow bushy.
Bristlecone Pine Tree
These are one of those pine tree types that grow slowly. Being one of the oldest types, they are believed to be 4,700 years old. These trees do not grow very tall, and can reach up to 50 feet in height, when mature. This characteristic has given these trees the name shorties. They are famous as bonsai trees because of the rounded crown. The leaves are up to 5 inches in height and grow in bundles of 5. The cones are up to 4 inches in height. They are found in the mountain regions in the Western part of America.
Other than the above mentioned types, there are several more, have a look.
- Pitch Pine
- Lodgepole Pine
- Norway Pine
- Mexican White Pine
- Spruce Pine
- Colorado Pine
- Japanese Pine
- Scots Pine
- Sugar Pine
- Loblolly Pine
- Austrian Pine
- Virginia Pine
- Aleppo Pine
- Canary Island Pine
- Lacebark Pine
These deciduous trees are very important from the commercial perspective and people also like to have pine trees in their gardens.
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Pinus Genus (pine)
Pines grow well in acid soils, some also on calcareous soils; most require good soil drainage, preferring sandy soils, but a few (e.g. Shore pine) will tolerate poorly drained wet soils. A few are able to sprout after forest fires (e.g. Canary Island pine). Some species of pines (e.g. Bishop pine) need fire to regenerate, and their populations slowly decline under fire suppression regimes. Several species are adapted to extreme conditions imposed by elevation and latitude (e.g. Siberian dwarf pine, Mountain pine, Whitebark pine and the Bristlecone pines). The Pinyon pines and a number of others, notably Turkish pine and Gray pine, are particularly well adapted to growth in hot, dry semi-desert climates.
The seeds are commonly eaten by birds and squirrels. Some birds, notably the Spotted Nutcracker, Clark’s Nutcracker and Pinyon Jay, are of importance in distributing pine seeds to new areas. Pine needles are sometimes eaten by some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species, the Symphytan species pine sawfly, and goats.
Pines are among the most commercially important of tree species, valued for their timber and wood pulp throughout the world. In temperate and tropical regions, they are fast-growing softwoods that will grow in relatively dense stands, their acidic decaying needles inhibiting the sprouting of competing hardwoods. Commercial pines are grown in plantations for timber that is denser, more resinous, and therefore more durable than spruce (Picea). Pine wood is widely used in high-value carpentry items such as furniture, window frames, paneling, floors and roofing, and the resin of some species is an important source of turpentine.
Many pine species make attractive ornamental plantings for parks and larger gardens, with a variety of dwarf cultivars being suitable for smaller spaces. Pines are also commercially grown and harvested for Christmas trees. Pine cones, the largest and most durable of all conifer cones, are craft favorites. Pine boughs, appreciated especially in wintertime for their pleasant smell and greenery, are popularly cut for decorations. A number of species are attacked by nematodes, causing pine wilt disease, which can kill some quickly. Pine needles are also used for making decorative articles like baskets, trays, pots, etc. This Native American skill is now being replicated across the world. Pine needle handicrafts are made in the US, Canada, Mexico, Nicaragua and India.
Because pines have no insect or decay resistant qualities after logging, they are generally recommended for construction purposes as indoor use only (ex. indoor drywall framing). This wood left outside can be expected to last no more than 12 to 18 months depending on the type of climate it is exposed to. It is commonly referred to by several different names which include North American timber, SPF (spruce, pine, fir) and whitewood.
Some species have large seeds, called pine nuts, that are harvested and sold for cooking and baking. They are an important ingredient of Pesto alla genovese.
The soft, moist, white inner bark (cambium) found clinging to the woody outer bark is edible and very high in vitamins A and C. It can be eaten raw in slices as a snack or dried and ground up into a powder for use as an ersatz flour or thickener in stews, soups, and other foods, such as bark bread. Adirondack Indians got their name from the Mohawk Indian word atirú:taks, meaning “tree eaters”.
A tea made by steeping young, green pine needles in boiling water (known as “tallstrunt” in Sweden) is high in vitamins A and C.
Pine trees are evergreens with long, needle-shaped leaves. They are widely planted in North America, particularly in northern areas. Pine trees produce cones for propagation of the species. Pines are coniferous trees and there are about 100 or so species of pines world wide. The United States has about 35 species of pines growing mostly in colder climates. Pines are important trees and are valued for their timber and wood pulp production. Pine trees are long lived and typically reach ages of 100 years old or more. Most pine trees prefer full sun exposure and require little or no extra water during their full grown stages.
Pines grow well in acidic soils and require good soil drainage. Pine seeds (from the cones) are commonly eaten by birds and squirrels and the seeds are then spread by these wildlife creatures. Pine trees make attractive ornamental plantings for homeowners and are widely used for windbreaks or privacy screens. Pine trees can look very attractive in the winter landscape. Most pine needles are green and most tend to appear as darker green and thus display a stark contrast against a dull or white winter landscape. Pine trees are also known for their pleasing smell and are commercially used for winter and in home Christmas decorations. The cones, pine boughs, and trees all are distinctive and used as Christmas decorations.
Common Pine Tree Varieties: Learn About Different Types Of Pine Tree
Most people associate pine trees with bundled evergreen needles and pine cones, and rightly so. All pine tree species are conifers, including the genus Pinus that gives them the common name. But you may be surprised by how many pine tree varieties exist. Read on for information about types of pine trees and tips for identifying pine trees in the landscape.
About Different Pine Trees
While the group of pine trees are all found in the family Pinaceae, they are not all the same. They are grouped into nine genera. Those in the genus Pinus are referred to as pine, while others in the Pinacea family include larch, spruce and hemlock.
A key to identifying pine trees is the fact that the pine needles are attached together in bundles. The sheath holding them together is called a fascicle. The number of needles attached together in a fascicle differs among pine tree species.
Common Pine Tree Varieties
Different pine trees have different shapes, with heights ranging from quite short to soaring. Identifying pine trees requires inspection of the trees’ dimensions, as well as the number of needles per bundle and the size and shape of the pine cone.
For example, one pine tree species, the black pine (Pinus nigra) is quite tall and wide, growing to 60 feet tall (18 m.) and 40 feet (12 m.) wide. It is also called the Austrian pine and only groups two needles per bundle. The long-lived bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata) tops out at only 30 feet (9 m.) tall and 15 feet (4.5 m.) in breadth. But its fascicle holds groups of five needles.
The chir pine (Pinus roxburghii) native to Asia shoots up to 180 feet (54 m.) tall and has three needles per bundle. In contrast, the mugo pine (Pinus mugo) is a dwarf, usually presenting as a creeping shrub. It is an interesting pine specimen in the landscape.
Some types of pine trees are native to the United States. One is the eastern white pine (Pinus strobus). It grows fast and lives a long time. Cultivated for ornamental purposes as well as for lumber, it is unquestionably one of the most important pine tree species on the continent.
Another native pine is the Monterey pine (Pinus radiata), native to the foggy Pacific coast. It grows very tall, with thick trunk and branches. It is used for landscapes as well as commercial purposes.