Types of passion fruit

The name ‘passion fruit’ includes various species of edible fruit of the genus Passiflora. They are distinguished by the type of fruit they bear, which have different size, colour and taste. The most important are the purple passion fruit, the yellow passion fruit, the sweet granadilla, the giant granadilla, cholupa and the banana passionfruit.
Purple passion fruit or granadilla: it belongs to the species Passiflora edulis edulis. It is the most well-known species in Europe. The fruit has the shape and size of a round egg, between 4-8cm of diameter and 40g of weight. The skin is hard and thick, and it wrinkles when ripe. The colour ranges from dark purple to violet. The pulp is of orange or greenish colour, having various edible seeds. It has a jelly texture and bittersweet taste; it is fleshy and refreshing.
Yellow passion fruit: its scientific name is Passiflora edulis flavicarpa and it is the most well-known at world-wide level. It is similar to the previous species, although they have different skin colour and size; in this case, it is of yellowish colour and it may weigh 90g.
Sweet Granadilla (Passiflora ligularis): it is an oval-shaped fruit, 11cm long, pointed in one of its tips. The skin is of yellowish or orange colour. The pulp is of pale or grayish colour, with a less acid flavour.
Giant granadilla: its scientific name is Passiflora quadrangularis. It is a thick and elongate fruit that may reach 26cm of length. The skin is thick, with multiple protuberances. It is quite tasteless when compared to the rest of species.
Cholupa, chulupa or gulupa: Passiflora pinnatistipula. It is very similar to the yellow passion fruit. The skin is of yellowish green or reddish-brown colour, and the pulp is yellowish, carrying many seeds.
Banana passionfruit (Passiflora mollisima): it is an oval and lengthy fruit, 10cm long. The skin is yellow or red according to the variety. The pulp is of yellow or orange colour, sweet and slightly acid taste.

Seed Availability

Seeds are now available at our seed store.

Description

The lilikoi, while botanically the same species as the purple passion fruit has differing climatic requirements. It is a vigorous vine, often growing over 20ft in a single year.

Hardiness

The lilikoi is not nearly as hardy as the purple passion fruit, and is very susceptible to frosts. It will not usually survive temperatures much below 40F.

Growing Environment

Flowering occurs from April-November but may occasionally continue year-round if conditions are right. Individual flowers bloom for just 12-24 hours before closing. Unlike the purple form, flowers will not self-pollinate. Either hand pollination or bee pollination yield successful crops. Fruits usually ripen from flowering in 80 days. Pruning is a must to keep the vine healthy. Prune off less vigorous growth and occasionally prune back vigorous growth to promote flowering. The long tendrils need lots of support for climbing. When established, and without care, the lilikoi can easily overtake other garden plants, shading them from sun. The vines love full sun except in climates where the temperature frequently surpasses 100F, vines should be given shade. Water frequently and provide good drainage. Plants are short-lived, usually maintaining good productivity for 4-6 years. Harvest fruits when fruit falls from plant. Fruits are best eaten when wrinkles appear on their surface.

Propagation

Almost always grown from seeds, but can be propagated by cuttings. Bottom heating the seeds at 70-80F can result in germination at 1-2 weeks, at lower temperatures seeds can take up to 10 weeks and longer to germinate.

Germination Info

It is recommended to pretreat Passiflora seeds before planting. They contain a hard seed coat and are very slow to sprout. There are various pretreatment methods, but the simplest is to soak the seeds for 24-48 hours in warm to the touch water, just prior to planting. Optionally, seeds can be lightly scarified with sand paper to provide some permeation on the seed coat.
Once pretreated, plant seeds 1/2-1″ deep in moist, sterile soil. Keep soil temperature consistent at 70-85F, with some day/variation in this range. Cool soils will significantly delay seed germination time if not inhibit germination altogether. Standard room temperature can be too cool for proper germination.
Estimated germination time under optimal conditions: 6 weeks to 6 months.

Uses

Pulp is often eaten fresh, seeds are edible. Used as a flavoring in drinks, desserts, sauces, and many other foods. Seeds can be extracted from pulp by putting pulp in a blender on low speed. Run mixture through a strainer to retain pulp and juice. The yellow form (lilikoi) tends to be used more for preceding and less for fresh eating as some people find the pulp too tart or acidic to be eaten fresh, although this varies greatly from vine to vine.

Native Range

The lilikoi is of an unknown origin. Several theories propose a variety of origins for the vine. It may be a chance cross between P. edulis and P. ligularis, or it may have arose from a chance mutation in wild populations in either Brazil or Australia. In recent years, the lilikoi (its Hawaiian name) is well established throughout Pacific Islands and parts of Central and South America. Despite being an important commercial crop, both types of passion fruits have become major pest species in many tropical regions, particularly Hawaii and other Pacific Islands.

Additional Pictures

Related Species

Passifloraceae
Passiflora actinia
Passiflora actinia
Passiflora alata
Fragrant Granadilla
Passiflora biflora
Two-Flowered Passion Flower
Passiflora caerulea
Blue Passion Flower
Passiflora coccinea
Red Granadilla
Passiflora colinvauxii
Passiflora colinvauxii
Passiflora coriacea
Bat-Leaved Passion Flower
Passiflora edulis
Passion Fruit
Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa
Lilikoi
Passiflora foetida
Wild Water Lemon
Passiflora gibertii
Passiflora gibertii
Passiflora gilbertiana
Passiflora gilbertiana
Passiflora helleri
Passiflora helleri
Passiflora herbertiana
Native Passion Fruit
Passiflora incarnata
Maypop
Passiflora incarnata x cinnicata
Passiflora ‘Incense’
Passiflora laurifolia
Water Lemon
Passiflora ligularis
Sweet Granadilla
Passiflora loefgrenii
Garlic Passion Fruit
Passiflora macrophylla
Tree Passion Flower
Passiflora maliformis
Sweet Calabash
Passiflora mollissima
Banana Passion Fruit
Passiflora morifolia
Woodland Passion Flower
Passiflora nitida
Bell Apple
Passiflora pallens
Pineland Passion Flower
Passiflora parritae
Passiflora parritae
Passiflora parritae x antioquiensis
Passiflora parritae x antioquiensis
Passiflora popenovii
Quijos Granadilla
Passiflora quadrangularis
Giant Granadilla
Passiflora setacea
Sururuca
Passiflora sidaefolia
Passiflora sidaefolia
Passiflora subpeltata
White Passion Flower
Passiflora trifasciata
Tri-Colored Passion Vine
Passiflora vitifolia
Grape Leaved Passion Fruit

Passion Fruit Flowers Stock Photos and Images

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  • Ants and Passion Fruit Flowers
  • Four wild passion fruit flowers.
  • Beautiful passion fruit flowers
  • Fruit and flower of an ornamental blue passion flower, Passiflora caerulea, with buds and leaves on climbing vine, September
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) and fruit on the vine
  • A delicious looking wedding cake
  • Passion fruit or Passiflora edulis or Maracuja or Parcha or Grenadille or Fruit de la passion plant with multiple closed flowers waiting to open
  • Passion Flowers Passiflora caerulea climbing on a stone wall beside Leeds & Liverpool Canal
  • Passion Fruit (passiflora)
  • Yellow passion fruit, rambutans and banana flowers at a traditional farmers market, Bali, Indonesia.
  • Fruit of the Winged-stem Passion Flower (Passiflora alata), Maracuja
  • Passion vine with passionfruit flowers (Passiflora edulis)
  • Passionfruit flowers in full bloom at the beginning of summer in Adelaide in South Australia.
  • Passion flowers
  • Sliced pineapple and coconut layer cake with passion fruit sauce. Decorated with pineapple flowers.
  • Passionfruit Flowers
  • Passion flower
  • Passion fruit flower
  • Passion Fruit flower, Republic of Panama.
  • Passion Fruit Flowers
  • Image of exotic purple passion flowers.
  • Unique handmade gift made up of ripe strawberries and red roses packed in a wooden box. Right view on black background.
  • bundle of valentines day icons
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) and fruit on the vine
  • A delicious looking wedding cake
  • Fresh strawberries on summer , strawberries,seasonal fruits on spring,red fruit
  • passion fruit flowers in English summer garden
  • Blooming Passionfruit/Granadilla Vine
  • Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines Bangalore, Karnataka India
  • Passion flower, Passiflora edulis, fruit and flower.
  • Close-up of Passion flower on vine (Passiflora edulis)
  • Passiflora vitifolia flower in the Metropolitan National Park
  • Passion flowers
  • A gluten free, pineapple and coconut layer cake with passion fruit curd. Decorated with dried pineapple flowers and displayed on a handmade plate.
  • Passion fruit flower
  • Passion flower
  • Banana passion fruit, granadilla, Curuba, Banana poka (Passiflora mollissima), at the market: Maracuja bananas, Madeira, Funchal
  • Passion Fruit flower, Republic of Panama.
  • Passionflower
  • Flowers of the southern plant purple passionflower close up
  • Unique handmade gift made up of ripe strawberries and red roses packed in a wooden box. Left view on white background.
  • bundle of valentines day icons
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) and fruit on the vine
  • A delicious looking wedding cake
  • Fresh strawberries on summer , strawberries,seasonal fruits on spring,red fruit
  • passion fruit flowers in English summer garden
  • Passiflora Foetida . Stinking passionflower. India
  • Summer tropical background with exotic various fruits, green palm leaves and flowers on blue. Fruits background. Top view
  • Pashka (quark dessert, Poland) with pink flowers and marzipan eggs for Easter
  • Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines, are mostly tendril-bearing vines which produce regular and usually showy flowers with
  • Mercado dos Lavradores the covered market for producers of island fruit Funchal Madeira Portugal EU Europe
  • Chia seeds pudding with red dragon fruit, passion fruit, mango and avocado in a glass for breakfast on the background of the swimming pool water, clos
  • Flower of passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines, on the background of green leaves.
  • Passion fruit and flower growing on the vine in an English Garden
  • Passion flower
  • Passion fruit vine with flowers
  • Passion Fruit flower, Republic of Panama.
  • Purple lilikoi (passion fruit) flower in bloom on the vine growing up my lanai railing – Kealakekua, Big Island, Hawaii
  • Flowers of the southern plant purple passionflower close up
  • Unique handmade gift made up of ripe strawberries and red roses packed in a wooden box. Top view on black background.
  • bundle of valentines day icons
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) on the vine
  • ripe fruit and beautiful flowers wild rose on a white background
  • Passion fruit flower and leafs
  • Floral pattern made of spring flowers, green leaves, branches on red background. Flat lay, top view. Valentine’s background. Floral pattern. Pattern o
  • Mixed summer fruit salad with passionfruit flowers
  • Summer tropical background with exotic various fruits, green palm leaves and flowers on blue. Fruits background. Top view
  • High Angle View Of Fruits And Flowers In Plate On Dining Table
  • A white and purple passion fruit flower in a natural setting
  • Passion Flower, fruit / (Passiflora caerulea) / Passion fruit
  • Chia seeds pudding with red dragon fruit, passion fruit, mango and avocado in a glass for breakfast on the background of the swimming pool water, clos
  • Queen of Flowers
  • Passiflora Flower over white
  • Passion flower
  • Mixed summer fruit salad with passionfruit flowers
  • Passion Flower
  • Passion fruit flower
  • Flowers of the southern plant purple passionflower close up
  • Mixed fruit salad with passionfruit flowers and served in a pitahaya
  • bundle of valentines day icons
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) on the vine
  • ripe fruit and beautiful flowers wild rose on a white background
  • Passion Flower in bloom
  • Floral pattern made of spring flowers, green leaves, branches on red background. Flat lay, top view. Valentine’s background. Floral pattern. Pattern o
  • Passion Fruit Cupcakes
  • Summer tropical background with exotic various fruits, green palm leaves and flowers on blue. Fruits background. Long web format
  • Fresh Brazilian sour passion fruit, whole fruit and split fruit with juicy interior filled with numerous seeds
  • Ants on Passion Fruits Plants
  • Varieties of Passiflora ‘Lady Margaret’ a flower amid the tropical forest, horizontal frame Copy spase
  • Chia seeds pudding with red dragon fruit, passion fruit, mango and avocado in a glass for breakfast on the background of the swimming pool water, clos
  • Work in the garden. Spring care for blooming trees
  • Passiflora Flower
  • smoothies of yellow fruit, blue napkin and wooden background. Pink flowers. Place for text
  • Blue Passion Flower or Common Passion Flower (Passiflora caerulea), fruit
  • apple,apple fruit,fruit,fruits,red,passion,slice,half cut,hygiene,fresh,freshness,white,white background,art,artwork,cgi,clip art,colorful,color image,computer graphics,creative,digital art,digital technology,drawing,illustrate,illustration,imagination,imaginative,painted image,painting,representation,representative,vector,drawing,colour
  • Flower and buds of Passiflora platyloba
  • Passion flower vine (Passiflora incarnata) showing flowers, flower buds, and fruit. Also called maypop, purple passionflower, true passionflower, wil
  • Bee on Passion Flower
  • bundle of valentines day icons
  • Passion fruit flowers (passiflora incarnata) on the vine

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Citrus Pictures

Citrus species have been cultivated since ancient times. This, combined with their ease of hybridization, has resulted in countless varieites and types of citrus. Some of the more well-known are included here. Citrus classification can be muddled, and there is disagreement on a number of citrus fruits whether or not to differentiate them as unique species or simply varieties of a single species.

Passiflora actinia
more information

Passiflora caerulea
more information
seeds available

Blue Passion Flower (White Form)

Passiflora colinvauxii
more information

Passiflora edulis
more information
seeds available

Passion Fruit (Purple)

Passiflora gibertii
more information

Passiflora helleri

no common name

Passiflora jamesonii

Coral Seas Passion Flower

Passiflora manicata

Red Passion Flower

Passiflora mollissima
more information
seeds available

Banana Passion Fruit

Passiflora pallens
more information

Passiflora quadrangularis
more information

Giant Granadilla

Passiflora sanguinolenta Blood Red Passion Flower
Passiflora subpeltata
more information
White Passion Flower

Passiflora vitifolia
more information

Grape Leaved Passion Flower

Passiflora x ‘Incense’
more information

‘Incense’

Passionflower

Passionflower is one of the most exotic flowering vines available. It’s a fast-growing tropical prized for its tolerance to heat and humidity. There’s also a wealth of varieties available; you can find passionflowers that bloom in shades of blue, purple, pink, red, orange, white, and even yellow. Most types love full sun, but there are varieties that prefer some shade in the heat of the afternoon.
Grow this heat-loving tropical in containers or beds and borders. In the North, it’s a stunning container-garden plant to grow on a trellis or against a wall. It also thrives as an annual in the landscape. In the South, passionflower is a perennial vine that’s evergreen in frost-free climates. It’s lovely by itself, paired with other vines, or you can grow some varieties through large shrubs.
Note: Many passionflower varieties are host plants for certain species of butterflies. The butterflies love the flowers and caterpillars can voraciously eat the foliage. Because of their fast growth, you can allow the caterpillars to munch away on the plant; the passionflower will usually keep up.
You can also grow passionflower as a houseplant, using it to create lots of interest on a sunny windowsill.
Passionflower Questions? No problem! Our tropical-plant experts are happy to help. Just send us an email!

Passionflower

Featuring some of the most intricate blossoms of the plant world, passionflowers add a tropical-garden ambience to your home or garden. In northern climates these plants can be treated as annuals or as houseplants.

genus name
  • Passiflora
light
  • Sun
plant type
  • Houseplant,
  • Vine
height
  • 20 feet or more
width
  • Up to 30 feet
flower color
  • Blue,
  • Purple,
  • Green,
  • Red,
  • White,
  • Pink,
  • Yellow
foliage color
  • Blue/Green
season features
  • Spring Bloom,
  • Fall Bloom,
  • Summer Bloom,
  • Winter Bloom
problem solvers
  • Deer Resistant,
  • Good For Privacy
special features
  • Low Maintenance,
  • Attracts Birds,
  • Fragrance,
  • Good for Containers
zones
  • 6,
  • 7,
  • 8,
  • 9,
  • 10
propagation
  • Layering,
  • Seed,
  • Stem Cuttings

Colorful Combinations

With flowers available in a myriad of colors, there’s a passionflower to fit almost any palette. Along with the varied blossoms you will find, many passionflower species have intriguing foliage. The leaves tend to be medium green with three lobes. Some varieties have wing-shape foliage with a mottled silver pattern. The fruit of the passionflower is generally ornamental but sometimes edible. The fruit varies in size from that of an acorn to as large as a football. Colors range from bright green, yellow, and orange to purple.

See 15 more beautiful flower types here.

Curious Co-Evolutions

As they’ve evolved, some of the 400-plus species in this genus have created relationships with insects. Some species of passionflower act as nesting and food locations for butterflies and have developed extra appendages off the base of the leaves that secrete sugary liquid to feed the insects. These plants have also grown additional nubs on their leaves that resemble butterfly eggs to discourage them from laying too many eggs on a single plant. Other species rely heavily on ant populations to protect them from predators.

Passionflower Care Must-Knows

Passionflowers are fairly easy to grow and cope with a variety of growing conditions. They appreciate well-drained soil and, once established, they are quite drought tolerant. If growing them in containers, use a well-drained potting mix, preferably with a slow-release fertilizer. For lush, dense growth, it is best to plant passionflowers in full sun, buts some species can tolerate part sun.

When growing passionflowers, keep in mind they can grow 15 to 20 feet in a single season. Make sure they have a sturdy lattice or other structure to climb. In areas where these plants are hardy, some species have escaped cultivation and become invasive, spreading via runners and underground rhizomes as well as seed dispersal from local fauna.

If you are planning on bringing your passionflowers indoors during the winter, trim them back to the size that fits your space requirements.

Plant heat-loving passionflower in a container garden.

More Varieties of Passionflower

‘Blue Bouquet’ passionflower

This variety of Passiflora offers large, 3-inch-wide blue flowers and is one of the best varieties to grow as a houseplant. It climbs 10 feet or more. Zones 9-11.

Blue passionflower

Passiflora caerulea offers large, 3-inch-wide blue-and-white flowers on a fast-growing vine with hand-shape foliage. In mild-winter climates, it can climb 30 feet or more. Zones 7-10.

‘Elizabeth’ passionflower

This selection of Passiflora is a stunning variety with fragrant 5-inch-wide lavender-purple flowers. It can climb 10 feet or more. Zones 10-11.

Passiflora alatocaerulea

Passiflora alatocaerulea offers fragrant large, 5-inch-wide flowers on a fast-growing vine. It can climb 15 feet or more. Zones 10-11.

‘Maypop’ passionflower

Passiflora incarnata is native to areas of North America. It bears 3-inch-wide lavender flowers all summer and into fall. It climbs 10 feet or more. Zones 6-9.

‘Lady Margaret’ passionflower

This variety of Passiflora is one of the most spectacular varieties. It sports blood-red flowers with a white center and climbs 15 feet or more. Zone 11.

Passiflora citrina

Passiflora citrina has everblooming plants sport clear yellow trumpet shaped blooms on wing shaped velvety leaves. Zones 10-11.

Red passionflower

Passiflora vitifolia produces amazing 6-inch-wide crimson-red flowers from summer to fall outdoors and all year indoors. It can climb 20 feet or more. Zones 10-11.

‘White Wedding’ passionflower

This variety of Passiflora is a tetraploid selection with lots of vigor and fragrant, large pure-white flowers. It climbs to 20 feet or more. Zones 8-10.

Passion Flower Types: What Are Some Common Passion Flower Varieties

Passion flowers are vigorous vines, native to the Americas, which give your garden a tropical look. Passion vine flowers are vividly colorful and the vines of some varieties produce passion fruit. Different types of passion flower vines are available in commerce, some hardier than the native varieties. For more information about passion flower varieties, read on.

Passion Flower Types

The genus Passiflora has some 400 species, most native to tropical and subtropical regions in the Americas. They are shallow rooted and grow as understory plants in rain forests. The unusual flowers are the stand-out features and many different types of passion flower vines are grown only for their flowers.

Of all the species of Passiflora, only one, Passiflora edulis Sims, has the exclusive designation of passionfruit, without qualification. You’ll find two forms of passion vine flowers within this species, the standard

purple and the yellow. The yellow type is botanically called Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg.

Both passion flower varieties in Passiflora edulis grow small, oval fruits. The edible portion consists of small black seeds, each covered with a juicy, fragrant orange pulp.

Standout Passion Flower Varieties

Another very common type of passion flower vine in the United States is the one native to Texas, Passiflora incarnata. Texas gardeners call this type “May-pop” because the fruits pop loudly when you step on them. This is one of the more hardy passion flower types available in commerce. It grows easily from seed.

If fragrance is your primary concern as you are selecting among the different types of passion flower vines, consider Passiflora alatocaerulea. The plant is a hybrid and is very widely available. It is grown commercially and the 4-inch flowers are used to manufacture perfume. This vine may require frost protection in winter.

Another of the hardy passion flower types, Passiflora vitifolia offers brilliant scarlet flowers with yellow filaments and edible fruit. This variety is hardy to 28° Fahrenheit (-2 C.).

Gardeners each have their own favorite among the different types of passion flower vines. Some of these standouts include:

  • Blue passionflower (Passiflora caerulea), with 3-inch blue and white blossoms on a fast growing vine. It climbs to 30 feet in mild climates like USDA plant hardiness zones 7 through 10.
  • “Blue Bouquet” passionflower (Passiflora ‘Blue Bouquet’) for solid blue flowers in zones 9 through 10.
  • ‘Elizabeth’ passionflower (Passiflora ‘Elizabeth’) produces 5-inch lavender flowers.
  • ‘White Wedding’ (Passiflora ‘White Wedding’) offers large, pure white blossoms.

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