There is a tendency to think about gardening as an entirely visual art form: a pursuit that is all about playing with the colours, forms and textures of the natural world. However, to me the most dramatic impact that being around plants has on my mood usually comes not via my eyes, but from my nose. Instantly triggering emotions and memories more than any other, our sense of smell is somehow often overlooked when it comes to talking about gardens – and even more so when designing them.
The number of times I have seen plants with the most incredible fragrance growing right at the bottom of the garden where we tend to spend the least amount of time – as opposed to around seating areas, patios and by entrances to the house where people linger far longer to take it all in – is unbelievable. You don’t have to have acres of space or ninja-level horticultural skills to surround yourself with botanical fragrance, either. With perennial, scented climbers almost anyone can get years of gorgeous aroma in the tiniest amounts of plot space for the 10 minutes it takes to plant one.
Here are three of my very favourites that can still be planted right now for knock-out fragrance all season long.
In sheltered spots in the south, Jasminum polyanthum starts off the spring with a bang, smothering itself in hundreds of white, star-shaped flowers which have bright pink throats. After an initial burst of blooms that are often pungent enough to fragrance a whole city street, they carry on giving dribs and drabs of flowers right up until the first frost. OK, it may not be quite as reliably hardy as the more common Jasminum officinale (which is rarely very floriferous in the UK), but it more than makes up for its lack of tolerance to Arctic blasts with pure flower power in our climate.
Reliably hardy: Jasminum officinale (common white jasmine). Photograph: Neil Holmes/Getty Images
Later in the summer comes Trachelospermum jasminoides, a neat evergreen climber that loves being trained against walls and over arches. The jasmine-like flowers start out white and fade to cream, with glossy, dark green foliage that blushes bronze and red in the colder months. Despite being similar to jasmine in appearance and name, it has a very different fragrance – rich, sweet and vanilla-like.
If you have ever been to Hampton Court Flower Show (the peak of the Trachelospermum jasminoides season) you’ll almost certainly have an indelible association with this fragrance and rummaging through plant stalls in the sun. It was once thought only possible to grow Trachelospermum jasminoides in a glasshouse, but it is proving far hardier than we gave it credit for. Even though it has been down to -8C regularly in my plot, there’s zero damage to my own plant.
Picking up the baton from midsummer comes Clematis rehderiana. Unlike the more familiar, massive, scentless “show-girl” types, this often-overlooked beauty produces delicate, greenish-yellow clusters of small bell-shaped blooms with the most upliftingly refreshing orange blossom fragrance.
The best thing about Clematis rehderiana is that it churns these flowers out right up until the first really hard frosts – which in my garden means mid-November. It is a vigorous grower which is properly hardy, but it will need a good prune each spring in order to control its size if you are growing it on a smaller plot.
Email James at [email protected] or follow him on Twitter @Botanygeek
This article contains affiliate links, which means we may earn a small commission if a reader clicks through and makes a purchase. All our journalism is independent and is in no way influenced by any advertiser or commercial initiative. By clicking on an affiliate link, you accept that third-party cookies will be set. More information.
- Flowers Name
- What is chameli called in English?
- The Importance of Jasmine
- True and False Jasmine
- Types of True Jasmine
- Types of False Jasmines
- 1. Cestrum Nocturnum Night blooming:
- 2. Gardenia Jasminoides Cape Jasmine:
- 3. Gardenia Jasminoides Candle Light:
- 4. Gardenia Jasminoides Aimee Yoshida:
- 5. Gardenia Jasminoides August Beauty:
- 6. Gardenia Jasminoides Belmont:
- 7. Gardenia Jasminoides Chuck Hayes:
- 8. Gardenia Jasminoides Daisy:
- 9. Gardenia Jasminoides Frostproof:
- 10. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Daruma’:
- 11. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Kliem’s Hardy:
- 12. Gardenia Jasminoides Grif’s Select:
- 13. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Miami Supreme:
- 14. Gardenia Jasminoides Michael:
- 15. Gardenia Jasminoides Glazerii:
- 16. Gardenia Jasminoides Mystery:
- 17. Gardenia Jasminoides Shooting Star:
- 18. Gardenia Jasminoides Variegata:
- 19. Gardenia Jasminoides Veitchii:
- 20. Gardenia Jasminoides White Gem:
- 21. Jasminum Mesnyi:
- 22. Jasminum Nudiflorum:
- 23. Jasminum X Stephanense:
- 24. Plumeria Rubra:
- 25. Jasminum Elongatum:
- Jasmine Flower History, Type, Growing tips and Health benefits
- Table of Contents
- Types of Jasmine Flowers
- “Sprinkle An Air Of Freshness With Jasmines In Your Garden”
- History of Jasmine Flowers
- Fun Facts About Jasmine Flowers – Do you know?
- How do you grow Jasmine Flowers in your Garden?
- Benefits of Jasmine Flowers
- Health Benefits of Jasmine Flowers
- 10 scented climbers to grow
- Vines revisited: the good, the bad and the beautiful
What Is Mogra In English plant s page 1 rh i aps k mogra plantMAID OF ORLEANS Arabian Sambac Jasmine Live Plant Fragrant Single White Flowers Starter Size 4 Inch Pot Emeralds tm What Is Mogra In English aayurherb herbal extracts htmlAayurMed also offers herbal extracts of various specifications for most of the herbs and spices offered by us Extraction is outsourced to our associates
studiestoday worksheet english cbse class 8 english Download CBSE Class 8 English Worksheet Process Writing in pdf questions answers for English CBSE Class 8 English Worksheet Process Writing Practice worksheets for CBSE students Prepared by teachers of the best CBSE schools in India SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT 2 CLASS VIII ENGLISH What Is Mogra In English is an administrative district in the northwest corner Khandesh Region of Maharashtra state in India On 1 July 1998 Dhule was bifurcated as two separate districts now known as Dhule and Nandurbar The district headquarters are located at Nandurbar city The district occupies an area of 5035 km and has a population of 1 311 709 of which 15 45 were urban as of 2001 muslimtents muslimguide 11 Audio Lectures htmSo far this site contains over 1367 titles in English and 3976 titles in Arabic This effort has been made to help my Muslim brothers and sisters to listen and learn more about Islam
Indian Jasmine Pure Oil dp B001QAW4RUThis shopping feature will continue to load items In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading What Is Mogra In English muslimtents muslimguide 11 Audio Lectures htmSo far this site contains over 1367 titles in English and 3976 titles in Arabic This effort has been made to help my Muslim brothers and sisters to listen and learn more about Islam Memory Foam Mattresses provide superior support and comfort at a price that everyone can afford
What Is Mogra In English Gallery
Mogara – Jasmine Four | Common name: Arabian Jasmine …, image source: pluspng.com
Mogra Flower PNG Transparent Mogra Flower.PNG Images …, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Mogra with water droplet | SnehaRathodPhotography | Flickr, image source: pluspng.com
Mogara – Jasmine Seven | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: c1.staticflickr.com
Mogra Flowers | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Mogara – Jasmine Two | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: farm2.staticflickr.com
Mogra Flower | Jay | Flickr, image source: farm6.staticflickr.com
Mogara Garlant | Common name: Arabian Jasmine ‘Belle of …, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Mogara – Jasmine Five | Common name: Arabian Jasmine …, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Mogara – Jasmine Six | Common name: Arabian Jasmine ‘Belle …, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Jasminum sambac – Wikipedia, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
Mogara – Jasmine Nine | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: upload.wikimedia.org
Iruvanthige | Arabian Jasmine | Madan Mogra | Malli Poo, image source: farm6.staticflickr.com
Mogra Flower PNG Transparent Mogra Flower.PNG Images …, image source: www.itslife.in
All sizes | Hajari Mogra (Marathi) | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: pluspng.com
Mogara with Buds | Common name: Arabian Jasmine ‘Belle of …, image source: c1.staticflickr.com
Mogra Buds 2 | Botanical name: Jasminum sambac Common name …, image source: c1.staticflickr.com
Flower Names in Hindi and English फूलों के नाम List of Flowers, image source: c2.staticflickr.com
SHUTTER-N-APERTURE: Arabian Jasmine – Jasminum sambac, image source: www.hindimeaning.com
Mogra | Flickr – Photo Sharing!, image source: 3.bp.blogspot.com
Mogra buds | It’s not easy to decide whether this plant …, image source: farm5.staticflickr.com
Mogara | Common name: Arabian Jasmine ‘Belle of India …, image source: c1.staticflickr.com
Mogra Flower PNG Transparent Mogra Flower.PNG Images …, image source: c1.staticflickr.com
78+ images about home decor ideas on Pinterest | Master …, image source: pluspng.com
What is chameli called in English?
What is chameli called in English?
Image Credit : .com …Jasmine Garden View .
Chameli is known as Jasmine in English.
If you are interested in its botanical identity here is a quote from wikipedia :
“Jasmine (taxonomic name Jasminum ) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae)”.
The genus name is derived from the Persian Yasameen (“gift from God”) through Arabic and Latin.
Image Credit : 1. pinterest.com and 2. ebay.com . White Jasmine
There are around 200 species of this flower mainly found in Asia , South East Asia, Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania.
The Jasmine is native to tropical and warm or temperate regions of the old world. The Jasmine flowers are white in most species, with some species being yellow.
Image : pinterest.com Poola Jada with Jasmines.-South Indian Bridal Hairstyle .
Because of it’s sweet fragrance it is cultivated commercially for perfume industry as well as supplying popular domestic demand for Pooja offerings to God in temples. Garlands, bunches are used for decorations in festivals or ceremonies like wedding. Jasmine hair oil , incense sticks and Jasmine Green Tea are also marketed. Ladies, especially from South India, fondly wear this fragrant flower in their hairdos . This is ingrained in Indian culture. Rat ki Rani, Motia or Mogra are most fragrant varieties.
Sources *Google and Wikipedia
Known for their fragrance and exquisite beauty, Jasmine flowers have long been an area of interest for many gardeners. Check out the different types of jasmines that can acentuate your garden.
When it comes to fragrant flowers, jasmines surely top all the rest. Categorized under the Jasminum genus of plants, jasmines belong to the Oleaceae family – the same subgroup that also includes olives, as well as plants such as the common lilac and fringe tree. This genus of shrubs and vines contain about 200 different species of jasmine plants that are mostly native to the tropical and warm climates of Oceania, Eurasia, and Australasia.
Check out our article covering the various types of jasmines plus other useful information about this fascinating gift of nature.
Related: Popular types of flowers
The Importance of Jasmine
Widely cultivated for their rich, intense scent, jasmines have always been a popular species not only for gardening purposes but also for perfumery as well as medicinal uses.
Jasmine is considered sacred in India and has strong spiritual significance in the culture as it is believed to be a symbol of divine hope, good luck, and optimism. Moreover, different types of jasmine are given the status of the national flower in various countries such as Indonesia, Philippines, and Pakistan because it is said to represent respect, love, and attachment to the state.
Besides being used as an ornamental shrub, jasmines are also grown for tea-making, perfume-making as well as for producing essential oils. The roots of jasmines are often dried to make certain sedative medicines.
True and False Jasmine
As it often happens with common names, there are various ‘jasmine’ shrubs that do not actually belong to the jasmine family. These are called ‘false jasmines’ because they often share the same characteristic white color and rich fragrance yet vary greatly in their growth and maintenance needs.
Types of True Jasmine
Get rid of nasty grime and smudges on your stainless steel Discover the best stainless steel cleaner to truly brighten up the stainless steel throughout your kitchen! SAVE 25% with coupon MYHAUS25
The following varieties are the ‘genuine’ types of jasmine that truly belong to this genus.
Hardiness: 7 -10
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall
Jasminum officinale is commonly known by the names Summer Jasmine, Poet’s Jasmine, White Jasmine, Common White Jasmine or True Jasmine. Common jasmine, which is the state flower of Pakistan, is renowned for its intense fragrance. This deciduous climber features pristine five-petaled white flowers with slightly fuzzy and pointed leaves. These jasmines bloom heavily during the summer season but can also be made to flower at other times under controlled environments such as that in greenhouses or indoor environments that have a warm temperature. White jasmines are often grown commercially for the production of essential oils which are used in aromatherapy and for other similar purposes. This evergreen plant grows fast and can reach heights of up to 15 feet when fully matured.
Common jasmine makes an elegant adornment for archways and entryways but needs proper pruning every now and then to keep its bushy growth under control.
Hardiness: 7 -10
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall
Jasminum Grandiflorum, also called Royal jasmine, Spanish Jasmine or Catalonian Jasmine is a subset of the Jasminum officinale species. The difference is that unlike the common jasmine, this variety is often grown for the food industry besides being used in making perfumes. It features pure white flowers that grow about an inch apart on a vine that is evergreen in frost-free areas but semi-evergreen in cold regions.
Need to finance your home improvement project? Discover excellent financing options for your reno, furniture purchase or other financing need.
Hardiness: 6 -9
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Winter and spring
Jasminum Nudiflorum or Winter Jasmine is a type of jasmine that features shrubs that grow up to 4 feet wide and 7 feet high. What’s truly unique about winter jasmine is the fact that unlike most of the other jasmine varieties that are white-flowered, this species produces bright yellow blossoms. However, these jasmines are hardly fragrant. Winter jasmines are a popular choice for the off-season as they bloom in late winter and bring vibrancy in the garden when little else is blooming. This type of jasmine is ideal for wall-side borders or growing on trellis and arbors. It can also be used to provide ground cover against soil erosion if grown in large patches near banks and slopes.
Hardiness: 9 -12
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Summer
This type of jasmine which is native to the Arab Peninsula is best suited to warm environments. Although the shrubs of Jasminum sambac are typically 4 to 6 feet in width and height, some can often grow up to 10 feet tall. These shrubs can be trained to grow vertically, where they create a lush evergreen vine. Arabian jasmines comprise of small but captivating white multi-layered flowers that look simply exquisite against the glossy, dark green leaves. The blooms often turn faded pink when they reach maturity and look impressive in glass containers on the patio or the deck in during summer.
Arabian jasmine is the national flower of the Philippines and Indonesia and has been labeled as an exotic invasive in Florida. These fluffy white blossoms are extremely popular in Hawaii for leis making and are commonly used to make jasmine tea as well.
5. Jasminum Parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine) 🔥 TIP: !
Hardiness: 7 – 10
Need a landscaping service? Get a free estimate online from top local landscaping services in your area.
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Summer
Jasminum parkeri refers to a type of jasmine that offers vivid, sun-light yellow blooms with five petals. It is a small evergreen shrub that grows up to one foot tall and sprawls only a few feet across. The dazzling yellow beauties grow in clumps and are very lightly fragrant when compared to other species in the genus. Dwarf jasmines are normally harvested for vibrant add-ons in bouquets or for topiary use. A plant like jasminum parkeri that stays lush green throughout all seasons and has small stems that can be easily pruned is the best fit for ornamental use since it can be shaped in various ways around a topiary frame.
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Spring and summer
Jasminum Fruticans or Wild Jasmine refers to a type of jasmine that produces bunches of rich yellow flowers all through spring and summertime. This low-growing shrub makes a great choice for providing ground-cover as well as for hedges or cascading over short fences and walls. Although it is resistant to pests and harsh weather conditions like drought, it grows quite slowly when compared to many other varieties. Wild Jasmines are native to Southern Europe and thrive best in Mediterranean climates. These blossoms are odorless but look enchanting as they contrast sharply against the lively green foliage. Jasmnum fruticans are also known by the names jasminum odoratissimum and jasminum floridum.
Hardiness: 9 – 10
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: Winter and spring
Native to China, jasminum polyanthum or pink jasmines are celebrated for their spectacular floral show. It is a sturdy evergreen vine that produces clusters of long-tubed pinkish-white flowers with a rich and intense fragrance. This variety is quite common as a house plant for decorative purposes as it can create exotic, long trailing vines but be warned that this sophisticated beauty can grow up to 20 feet tall! Pink jasmines thrive well in drained soils and under a sheltered, frost-free area. In warmer climates, it can bloom all around the year as well. This type of jasmine requires little maintenance except for frequent pruning during flowering season to thin the overcrowded growth.
Types of False Jasmines
False jasmines named so because they aren’t related to the jasminum genus and so, don’t have the same growth pattern or maintenance requirements either. However, these varietals are equally stunning and will make a great addition to your garden nonetheless.
8. Trachelospermum Asiaticum (Star Jasmine)
Hardiness: 8 – 10
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: All round the year
Trachelospermum Asiaticum which is also commonly known as Star jasmine has been a topic of controversy amongst gardeners as to whether it is true or false jasmine. But it is actually a relative of the oleander family which was discovered not so long ago.
Star jasmines originated from China and Japan and are the best bet for novice gardeners given the fact that this species requires very low maintenance yet blooms over-abundantly. It comprises of a medium-sized shrub that is brimming with leathery, dark green oval-shaped leaves (about 3 inches long) on thin, wiry stems. Starting from late spring, the plant produces excessive amounts of star-shaped white flowers that grow close together in clusters. The blooms are rich with a sweet fragrance that spreads afar and demands attention to the foliage. The flowers eventually turn cream colored as they mature to a maximum length of one inch.
Star jasmine is also called Asiatic jasmine and thrives best in fertile and well-drained soils.
9. Cestrum Nocturnum (Night-Blooming Jasmine)
A member of the nightshade family, Cestrum Nocturnum or Night blooming Jasmine as it is widely called, is native to tropical America and West Indies. It features simple but long (4 to 8 inches), oval-shaped leaves and small, faded-white to greenish flowers that bloom from spring to fall. This species grows best direct \ sunlight and when planted in well-drained soils. The flowers produce a distinct fragrance that grows so strong by the nighttime, that it often causes an allergic reaction in some individuals. Night-blooming jasmine demands little attention except if grown in colder regions.
Cestrum nocturnum basically belongs to the potato family although it is not edible. In fact, it is probably poisonous given the allergies it triggers merely by its smell. However, the tubular white flowers of this variety that are star-shaped and pointy at the edges look lovely in any garden as well as in a long transparent vase kept in the center of a room.
10. Gardenia Jasminoides (Cape Jasmine)
Hardiness: 6 -11
Exposure: Full, partial sun
Season of Interest: late spring to fall
Gardenia Jasminoides or Cape jasmines are also sometimes called Heaven Scent due to their ethereal fragrance. This plant is noted for its hardiness and colorful seed pods, but while it does have white flowers and glossy dark green leaves, it does not belong to the jasmine family. The leaves tend to be much thicker than those of average jasmines while the flower petals are more gardenia-like in shape. Cape jasmines grow best in warmer climates, require a lot of water and are really high maintenance. They are commonly used in garden beds and borders as well as for hedges and screens, but their flower type makes them best suited for cut flowers or displaying in short glass containers.
If you want to witness the beauty of nature, then a shrub of gardenia jasminoides will do the job. The plant produces bright red seed pods that gradually change color to orange that in turn transforms into yellow before bursting forth into a pristine white flower.
Now that you know so many different types of jasmines, which one are you going to grow in your garden?
Home Stratosphere is an award-winning home and garden online publication that’s a result of our talented researchers and writers who work directly with hundreds of professional interior designers, furniture designers, landscape designers and architects from around the world to create helpful, informative, entertaining and inspiring articles and design galleries.
Tags: Flowers Categories: Gardens and Landscaping
Top 25 Most Beautiful Jasmine Flowers Arshi Ahmed Hyderabd040-395603080 September 26, 2017
Jasmine flower is a genus of shrubs and vine belonging to the Oleaceae family. There are around 200 species of this flower. Jasmine is native to the Himalayas and is considered sacred in India due to its strong spiritual significance. It is considered a symbol of divine hope in the Hindu religion.
Jasmine is widely cultivated for its shiny leaves and clusters of fragrant flowers. Its scent has a pleasing effect on the mind which makes one alert and stress free. Jasmine symbolizes love, modesty, sensuality and attachment. It is also the national flower of Indonesia, Pakistan and Philippines.
Most Beautiful Jasmine Flowers
Here are the 25 most beautiful jasmine flower pictures along with their information:
1. Cestrum Nocturnum Night blooming:
By SergioTorresC (Own work) , via Wikimedia Commons
Night blooming Jasmine is a member of nightshade family. It is native to tropical America and West Indies. The shrub bearing this flower has simple, oval shaped leaves and clusters of small, greenish white flowers with lovely green foliage which appears every year from spring to fall. Night blooming jasmine grows favourably in sunlight and well-drained soil. The fragrance of this flower is very strong and is distinctly powerful at night. Its scent is powerful enough to produce severe allergic reaction in some individuals. It has glossy smooth leaves around 4 to 8 inches long. This jasmine is relatively easy to care for, but requires extra attention in cold climates.
2. Gardenia Jasminoides Cape Jasmine:
By KENPEI (KENPEI’s photo) , via Wikimedia Commons
Cape jasmine is a beautiful, shrubby, evergreen houseplant which is extremely popular for its creamy, fragrant blooms. It is native to Japan, China and India. Its leaves are glossy, leathery and lustrous green in colour. Its petals are white in colour which turns yellow with age. The flower may be single, double or semi double. Like other jasmine, Cape jasmine also has a strong sweet scent which can make the entire room fragrant. This flower needs bright light and moderate temperature to grow properly.
3. Gardenia Jasminoides Candle Light:
Candle light features large, showy double white flowers with attractive dark green foliage. The shrub grows to an average height of 5 feet and 4 feet in width. This large, waxy flower blooms from late spring to early fall. This jasmine needs good air circulation to discourage foliar diseases.
4. Gardenia Jasminoides Aimee Yoshida:
Aimee Yoshida is an extremely fragrant variety of jasmine which features showy white coloured flowers with deep green foliage. This flower prefers warm conditions with high humidity and rich acid soil. Regular watering and feeding is imperative to maintain its health. This jasmine works well as both a cut indoor flower and as a garden flower. It is native to China, Taiwan and Japan. It has an intoxicating smell and occurs yearly in late summer or fall.
5. Gardenia Jasminoides August Beauty:
By Queerbubbles (Own work) , via Wikimedia Commons
August Beauty is a prolific bloomer with velvety white petals and lustrous foliage. This medium sized evergreen shrub originates in China, Japan and Taiwan. These wonderfully fragrant blooms are borne on a rounded evergreen shrub which is useful as a low hedge or an accent flower for entryways. The flowers are white and turn creamy yellow with age. These doubled flowers have a pinwheel like appearance and waxy petals. They will bloom best in afternoon shade, moist, drained soil and good air circulation. Its powerful, sweet scent can make the entire room fragrant. It attracts visual attention and is resistant to drought, diseases, mildew and heat.
6. Gardenia Jasminoides Belmont:
Belmont is best known for its lush foliage and exceptionally large leaves. Belmont is one of the best cultivars for indoor planting. It has semi double ivory flowers which, like, other jasmine flowers, turn yellow with time. It blooms yearly from late spring to summer and even fall.
7. Gardenia Jasminoides Chuck Hayes:
Chick Hayes is a heavily scented bloom which is banked by dense, healthy and glossy dark green foliage which remains evergreen on its shrub. Unlike other jasmines which bloom for 3 weeks, Chuck Hayes blooms for approximately 4 weeks in late spring to early spring. This double-flowered ivory white bloom begins unfurling in early summers as soon as the hot weather arrives. As for the maintenance, Chuck Hayes requires regular pruning to remove dead foliage and give proper shape to the plants.
8. Gardenia Jasminoides Daisy:
Jasminoides Daisy is a single, flat white flower with small and stiff leaves. It has a low mounded shape with lush green foliage. The shrub bearing this flower grows to an average height of 3 to 4 feet, depending upon the environmental conditions and produces single white fragrant flowers. It grows best when planted in sandy or loamy soil in full sun. The foliage can turn pale green to yellow if the soil is alkaline. The flower turns yellow over time. This jasmine can be useful in the landscape and other outdoor living areas. It produces a strong fragrance, making it ideal for both garden planting and as a cut flower for indoors.
9. Gardenia Jasminoides Frostproof:
Frostproof jasmine is best known for its hardiness. This jasmine is aptly named Frostproof due to its high withstanding ability to late spring frost. The plant has a nice symmetrical upright form with nice foliage. It is an upright shrub which supports shiny, dark green leaves with white 2 to 3 inches flower. It opens in pairs on the branches and has a very pleasant fragrance. The flower can be maintained even at a 12 to 14 inch height in a pot and grows around 3 inches outdoors.
10. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Daruma’:
Daruma is a dwarf form of Kliem’s Hardy jasmine. Daruma bears a waxy, small single flower on glossy deep green foliage. It has small dense rounded leaves which are quite attractive. The shrub reaches an average height of 2.5 feet.
11. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Kliem’s Hardy:
Kliem’s Hardy is a small evergreen shrub that originates from China. It appears sporadically until the cool days of autumn. Its glossy foliage provides a perfect backdrop for the large, creamy six petaled blooms. It looks great in containers, flower beds and in the foregrounds of borders in your garden. This star shaped flower has an intense fragrance which is simply divine. It requires a shady site and well-drained soil which is neutral in pH.
12. Gardenia Jasminoides Grif’s Select:
Grif’s Selects is a terrific gardenia that is hardier than most of the other jasmines. It offers six petaled radial, ivory blossoms in spring and summer. Its leaves are lustrous, glossy green and come with velvety foliage. The flower blooms to a reddish orange colour which looks very attractive. This jasmine is well known for its exceptional winter hardiness. It is best grown in organically rich soil with proper water and feeding.
13. Gardenia Jasminoides ‘Miami Supreme:
Miami Supreme gardenia is an irresistible large white fragrant flower which blooms spastically throughout the year. It has glossy green leaves and dark foliage which looks very beautiful in contrast to its ivory blooms.
14. Gardenia Jasminoides Michael:
Michael is another hardy variety of jasmine. It blooms yearly in mid-summer in alkaline or loamy soil. Its leaves are marbled in cream and green colour and are quite long and slender. It is a low maintenance jasmine which needs regular watering. Like other jasmines, this one also emits a nice and pleasant fragrance
15. Gardenia Jasminoides Glazerii:
Glazerii features showy white blooms with bright green foliage. Its plant has shiny emerald leaves and grows up to a height of 8 feet and 6 feet in width. Glazerii is considered one of the most favorite plants used in flower gardens. It thrives best in moist acidic soil with good drainage and in partial shade.
16. Gardenia Jasminoides Mystery:
Mystery is a large bright flower. The base of the flower remains a colorful red and yellow, even after the petals drop, thus creating a pleasant sight during fall and winter. Its glossy, green compact foliage will make the flower an eye catcher in both gardens and containers. Regular mulching is required to protect it from whiteflies. Plant this flower in a proper area where its fragrance can be enjoyed.
17. Gardenia Jasminoides Shooting Star:
By Alpsdake (Own work) , via Wikimedia Commons
Shooting star is a single, 6 petaled Jasmine with large leaves. Shooting star is more upright than other single varieties of jasmine. This remarkably fragrant flower will make an excellent show in your garden or container. The flower requires maintenance only during the winter season.
18. Gardenia Jasminoides Variegata:
Variegata is a vigorous growing vine which grows yearly from spring through summer. It has glossy white, pale yellow and dark green leaves with striking white double bloom flowers. Its cream and white foliage makes this jasmine a masterpiece creation. It has a nice rich fragrance which fills the entire place with its scent. Variegata is considered as the best cultivated jasmine due to its vigor and beauty. Its ivory flowers also exude oil which is used in spas and parlors.
19. Gardenia Jasminoides Veitchii:
Veitchii is highly prized for its amazing looks and sweet fragrance. Its shrub bears white fragrant flowers with glossy pointed leaves which remain dark green throughout the winters. This jasmine is excellent for cutting. It is a low maintenance shrub which only requires regular pruning to avoid spoilage. It regularly attracts bees and butterflies.
20. Gardenia Jasminoides White Gem:
By Afrodita nz (Own work) , via Wikimedia Commons
White Gem is a wonderfully fragrant flower of dwarf stature. It is a superb evergreen shrub for warm climates. Its shrub produces many single, white, waxy flowers with six whorled petals that barely touch each other. Compared to other jasmines, White Gem emits a light fragrance. It requires warm conditions, rich alkaline soil and regular watering.
21. Jasminum Mesnyi:
Mesnyi is a primrose jasmine which grows in a large mound. It is a semi double, funnel shaped yellow jasmine. Its stems are arched and cascade like a fountain. The stem is square in section and becomes woody with age. Its oblong shaped leaves are bright green in colour and are held in groups of pointed leaflets. This jasmine is quite sensitive to cold. It can take a few degrees of frost but cannot tolerate prolong freezing temperature. The flower is fragrant and blooms sporadically the rest of the year.
22. Jasminum Nudiflorum:
By Wildfeuer (Own work (own photo)) , via Wikimedia Commons
The shrub bearing this jasmine grows up to 3 meters tall and wide with arching green shoots. Its dark green leaves are divided into 3 oval-oblong leaflets which are 3 cm long. The shrub produces numerous solitary bright yellow, funnel shaped flowers on leaf axils which appear before the leaves. Unlike other jasmines it has a very mild fragrance. It grows best in rich, well drained soil and proper sunlight.
23. Jasminum X Stephanense:
This unique pink jasmine hails from Southwestern China and is a hybrid between Chinese species J. beesianum and J. officinale. Its woody vine is covered with numerous small, pink tubular flowers. Its long, green stems bear oval shaped green and cream foliage, which makes the sight of the flowers even more beautiful. The flower is not ornamentally significant and is perfect as a cut flower. This flower has also been rewarded with the RHS award of Garden Merit.
24. Plumeria Rubra:
By Hans Hillewaert (Own work) , via Wikimedia Commons
Plumeria rubra is originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela. Its branches are thick and fleshy but tend to break in high winds. Its leaves are large and leathery. The flower mostly appears before the leaves in the summer through autumn. It is a funnel shaped, large flower with lobes like petals overlapping each other. It is a waxy, delightfully scented flower with a yellow center. It needs a well-drained rich soil and regular watering.
25. Jasminum Elongatum:
Elongatum is considered as a rare jasmine for its beautiful colour. It is a beautiful snow white coloured flower with pink on the underside of the petals. 6 to 9 narrow petals occur on each flower making it look like an angelic star. It has ear like leaves and glossy foliage. It is surprisingly a scentless variety of jasmine.
Hope the above jasmine flower images astounded you with their bright showy appearances. Now its the time for you to secure more jasmine flower information around you and share with us through comments.
The following two tabs change content below.
- Latest Posts
Latest posts by Arshi Ahmed (see all)
- 20 Radical Styling Ideas For Your Red Ombre Hair – October 27, 2017
- 10 Best Neem Soap Brands to Look Out for in 2019 – September 29, 2014
- 50 Amazing Workout Hairstyles You Can Try – May 15, 2014
- 10 Amazing Health Benefits & Uses Of Tomato Soup – April 10, 2014
- CAUGHT! 10 Pictures Of Alia Bhatt Without Makeup – March 3, 2014
I’m Arshi who loves makeup, fashion and cars. Writing is my comfort!!! I love learning new languages. Gardening and cooking are my passions. I love to write articles which would simplify people’s life.I go crazy when it rains and find fun in getting drenced. Life to me is a cup of coffee you need to blend all the ingradients in right proportions, Hope my posts are helpful!!! stay positive and keep smiling !!
Jasmine Flower History, Type, Growing tips and Health benefits
Table of Contents
History of Jasmine
Fun Facts About Jasmine Flower
How to grow Jasmine
Benefits of Jasmine Flowers
Health Benefits of Jasmine
Types of Jasmine Flowers
“Sprinkle An Air Of Freshness With Jasmines In Your Garden”
Jasmine (Jasminum Officinale) is one of the most popular flowers found across the globe. Its delicate exterior and gorgeous blooms make it a very prevalent household and garden addition. If you have a penchant for flowers, growing Jasmine in your garden is probably a great idea!
Jasmines are a great addition to your indoor plant’s collection as well as your outdoor garden. Their lovely flowers are known to spread their aroma at night, making the entire household come alive. If you love adding flowers to your collection, Jasmine is your best bet.
History of Jasmine Flowers
Jasmine is derived from the word ‘Jasminum’, a category of vines and herbs belonging to the Olive family or Oleaceae. It is a tropical flower and originates from Oceania, Eurasia and Australasia. The Jasmine has more than 200 species of flowers that are native to the tropics. They are mainly cultivated because of their sweet fragrance, found in all types of jasmine flower genus.
The beauty about planting a Jasmine in your garden is that it can spread its vibrancy all year round. It can grow as a vine or a shrub, making your fence and wall really brighten up. There are different types of Jasmine flowers available around the world, from Europe to Asia. Its unique fragrance adds a zest of life to your dull and boring garden.
Jasmine is the National Flower of Philippines, called Sampaguita as well as Indonesia, where it is known as Melati.
An interesting feature about Jasmine is that instead of having 4 lobes or petals, like other family members of Oleaceae family, it has 5 or 6 lobes or petals. The gorgeous cluster of Jasmine flowers is in demand because of their sweet and strong scent.
There are various classifications of Jasmine flowers based on the region it is located. If you look closely, the ‘Common Jasmine’ is the most popular variety bred and grown in home gardens. The other beautiful varieties include-
1. Arabian Jasmine
It is native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan and is popular to Southeast Asia and India, where it is used as a popular evergreen shrub. It is quite beautiful to look at and fragrant too!
2. White Jasmine
Also known as Pink Jasmine, this gorgeous flower is native to Myanmar and China. It is a twinning climber that gives out fragrant scent all year round.
3. Jasminum Grandiflorum
This variety of Jasmine flower is known by a variety of names such as Royal jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalan jasmine, etc. It is native to Northeast Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Sichaun region of China, African Great Lakes and South Asia. Many other countries cultivate this type of jasmine such as Maldives, Mauritius, Latin America, Java, and the Caribbean as well.
4. Winter Jasmine
It is an ornamental deciduous shrub widely grown in China as well as naturalized in many parts of the United States and France.
5. Jasminum Azoricum
Also known as the lemon-fragranced jasmine, Jasminum Azoricum is a twining vine native to Madeira, a Portuguese Island. Their sweet-scent is considered to be absolutely divine.
6. Wild Jasmine
Ever seen wild shrubs with dainty small yellow flowers growing on mountains, and often seen in movies too? Well, this is the wild jasmine that is native to the Mediterranean region and Southern Europe.
7. Star Jasmine
A type of jasmine quite popular in India, the Star jasmine is also known as winter jasmine, downy jasmine, Indian jasmine, as well as other names in regional dialects. It is native to Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Bhutan, Nepal, and Thailand, but naturalized in other parts of the world as well. Their divine scent and the spread of the flowers makes it an absolute must have in every Indian household.
8. Jasminum Humile
The yellow jasmine or Italian jasmine is native to the Himalayas, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Burma, Nepal and South west China. They are fragrant flowers that add a touch of life to barren lands.
The other types of jasmine flowers include Jasminum Auricalatum, Jasminum Abyssinicum, Jasmine Subtriplinerve, Jasminum Multipartitum, and Jasminum Dichotomum.
Fun Facts About Jasmine Flowers – Do you know?
– Jasmine flowers are used to render their fragrance to the green tea leaves to make jasmine tea.
– Jasmine can live up to 15 to 20 years depending on the condition of the soil and environment.
– Jasmine flowers in spring and summer.
– Jasmine, known as the “Queen of the night – Raat ki raani”, releases its fragrance in the night under the moon, even more when there is a full moon.
– Jasmine oil is developed using these flowers concentrated with other compounds. It is known for its aromatic and therapeutic properties.
– Jasmine flowers naturally comprise of alpha terpineol, benzyl acetate, benzaldehyde, benzyn acid, benzyl alcohol, farnesol, eugenol, jasmone, geraniol, nerolidol, linalyl acetate, vanillin and salicylic acid.
– Jasmine oil is used to make a number of scented cosmetic body care products as well.
– Jasmine is known to be associated with motherhood, femininity and purity.
– They bloom from around 6 to 8 in the evening with the flowers being wide open throughout the night and closes up in the morning. They are plucked in the morning to offer obeisance in temples or while praying at home.
– In South India, the jasmine flowers are a mark of respect during weddings and important functions. The women wear the flowers on their head to add to their ornamental beauty.
– In Hawaii, different colours of jasmine flowers are exchanged as Leis on Lei day on 1st This beautiful festival is quite unique to the land and the flowers just add to the excitement.
How do you grow Jasmine Flowers in your Garden?
Jasmine exudes a very tempting and alluring scent that captivates your entire home and garden thoroughly. Planting a jasmine is also considered to be good luck. These gorgeous flowers grow in clusters and are either white or yellow in colour.
The vine of Jasmine is grown outdoors; however, you can also grow it indoors as well.
Jasmine is usually planted in spring season and grows beautifully in spring and summer. It needs full sunlight to become healthy and grow well. During winter, jasmines flowers need light, but will suffice with indirect light too.
Plenty of light will ensure that your gorgeous beauties remain beautiful for a long time to come. Spring is the best time to see them bloom.
The soil needs to be moderately fertile as well as well-drained. Here you can ensure to make pores in the soil to let the water seep in. Keep turning the soil by adding good organic fertilizer to ensure the longevity of your sweet scented jasmines.
Jasmines bloom beautifully in sandy clayey garden soil with medium fertility. They can be pruned during the season and the cuttings can be reused during planting months.
Do not overwater the soil, lest it becomes soggy, which will rot the roots. You need to ensure that the top soil is drained out well to water it again. They need to be kept slightly dry during spring and need plenty of water in summer season. However, you need to check the moisture in the soil to decide that.
Water it less in fall and winter, once in a couple of weeks should suffice.
Jasmines have to be planted during June to November to see it become beautiful from spring onwards i.e. March or April onwards. Adding leaf moulds to the soil makes the plant grow better.
Keep a good distance of at least 6 feet between plants to allow the vines of the Jasmine flower to grow properly. It is better to seek the advice of an expert gardener to help you plant jasmine flowers in your garden or indoors.
Since the plant loves sunshine, it makes a great addition to any landscaped garden and can be used in decorating homes and temples.
Jasmines need full sunlight during summer season that may span across 3 to 4 hours a day. Keep it in partial shade or indirect sunlight while planting it indoors. They make a beautiful garden collection, adding value to your home garden.
Since they need ample light during the day, it is advisable to plant it outside. You can enjoy the plant grow into a vine and shed its aroma around you every night.
Must Read :- How To Grow Money Plant
Benefits of Jasmine Flowers
Jasmine is known to have a tremendous soothing effect on our body and mind. The aroma oils made from jasmine flower extract exudes a sweet fragrance that calms our mind. Similarly, the aroma emitted from the flower at night enhances the atmosphere manifold.
– Jasmine tea that is made by infusing the aroma of the flower with the green tea leaves is said to help detoxify your digestive system. Jasmine adds a different flavour to the, otherwise, bland tea leaves.
– Jasmine flower is used in Ayurveda because of its therapeutic properties. It is used as a relaxant, used to calm nerves.
– These flowers are anti-spasmodic and are used to treat extreme pain and reduce muscle spasms.
– It is also good in treating skin diseases including ulcers, intestinal worms, and boils.
– Jasmine is often used during childbirth to bring relief from labour pains and is also known as a mothers’ plant medicine, in some countries.
– Jasmine is used in the perfume industry to make natural scents and perfumes.
Health Benefits of Jasmine Flowers
These gorgeous beauties have, not only external benefits, but also internal health benefits. They have been in use in Ayurveda and alternate medicine therapy for many years now. The natural scent of these flowers can cure a stressful mind instantly.
Although there is an on-going debate on the authenticity of the flowers as a medicine; however, it is advisable that you know your jasmine before plucking one for medicinal purposes.
– As a medicine, Jasmine is used to fight fever and boost the immunity of the system. Their soothing properties act as natural oxidants for the body, fighting the bad bacteria, in turn making you healthy.
– In Japan’s Okinawa, Jasmine tea is used as an anti-stress, anti-anxiety medicine. It is called Sanpin Cha here and many people consume it across the country to fight bacterial infections in the body as well as to prevent sunstroke.
– If you have a tooth problem, jasmine is just the cure for you. They are known to cure tooth diseases, infection in gums, tooth pain and much more, naturally.
– You will be surprised to know that Jasmine is also used to treat headaches, corns on the feet, skin rashes, as well as to increase sperm production. It acts a natural sedative too.
– If you have been suffering from a heart problem for quite a while, drinking Jasmine tea will help to reduce the LDL. Catechins in Jasmine tea help in delaying the oxidation process, thus resulting in better pressure levels and cholesterol.
– For many years, scientists have believed that jasmine tea has positive effects on insomniacs. The sedative compounds in the tea gradually start inducing sleep and helps in regulating your sleeping patterns.
– The sedative in jasmine helps in treating psychological disorders as well such as depression, anxiety, hypertension, etc.
– The polyphenol content found in Jasmine is said to prevent cancer as well. According to research, this nutrient is said to act as a precautionary element in preventing cancer. This includes cancer of the ovaries, breast, pancreas, skin, prostate, bladder, stomach, etc.
– The components in Jasmine are used to soothe highly inflammatory digestive diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, etc. It improves the performance of your gut, thus, making your body healthier.
– The anti-oxidants in Jasmine are used to promote youthful skin and you will notice it being used as popular massage oil in many spas and rejuvenation centres across the world. It boosts the life of the skin, making it soft and supple.
Apart from being an extremely beautiful flower to light up your garden, Jasmine has multiple benefits for the mind and heart. Plant these gorgeous beauties in your backyard and enjoy its therapeutic scent every day!
Suggested Read :- 41 Easy to Grow Indoor Plants in India
10 scented climbers to grow
Every garden should have a scented climber or two – not only do they give a heady perfume, but they take up very little room and add height and interest to walls, pergolas, trellis and arches.
Discover scented plants for every month.
Grow them around an outdoor seating area, or next to paths, where you take in their aroma as you stroll past them. Or grow them up a wall, where their scent can waft into your house.
Many climbers are more scented in the evening – discover plants for evening scent.
Here are some of the best scented climbers you can grow.
Every garden should have a scented climber or two – not only to they give a heady perfume, but they take up very little room and add height and interest to walls, pergolas, trellis and arches.
The scent of honeysuckle on a midsummer evening makes it a choice climber to grow in the garden. In the wild it scrambles through hedgerows, so is suited to growing in partial shade. The plants are ideal for training up a wall or trellis, and can also be grown up a tree or with a climbing rose.
Annual sweet peas are the perfect scented climbers, providing a quick burst of colour and scent in the garden. They also make great cut flowers – just a few are needed to fill a room with their sweet fragrance. Sweet peas are ideal for growing up an obelisk or trellis, and work well growing with runner beans.
Trachelospermum jasminoides is a woody, evergreen climber with dark green leaves, and summer flowers with an intense, sweet fragrance. Half hardy, it’s best grown against a sunny wall to protect it from severe frosts.
Clematis montana is a vigorous climber, so is ideal for covering unsightly walls and fences. It can also be trained up pergolas and trellis. It flowers from late spring to early summer, providing an early dose of fragrance, which is similar to the scent of almonds.
Also known as the chocolate vine, Akebia quinata has maroon-chocolate flowers bearing an exotic, spicy fragrance with a hint of vanilla. It’s best grown against a sunny wall to protect the flowers from late frosts. In very warm summers, the plants may produce large sausage-shaped fruit.
Jasmine produces delicately fragrant flowers from mid-summer to early autumn. A vigorous climber, it’s best grown over a shed, porch, arbour or other outbuilding. It grows well with climbing roses, honeysuckle or clematis, but also looks good on its own.
Clematis armandii has long, lance-shaped leaves that will quickly cover a wall or fence and is a welcome sight in early spring. Plant it near a doorway or open window to enjoy the evening scent, and give it plenty of room to spread out. It’s best grown against a sheltered wall away from cold winds.
Many climbing roses are wonderfully scented. ‘Albertine’ is a popular rambling rose with a strong fragrance. The reddish-salmon buds open to pink, almost double flowers. It’s a vigorous grower. Discover our top roses for scent.
Clematis x triternata ‘Rubromarginata’
Clematis x triternata ‘Rubromarginata’ is a vigorous clematis that produces clouds of almond-scented white flowers with red edges from mid-summer to early autumn. It is the most heavily scented clematis, and grows well in dry shade.
Wisteria floribunda ‘Multijuga’ is less vigorous than Chinese wisteria, and is therefore less likely to cause problems when grown on buildings. The flowers open against a background of young foliage, with pendant clusters of scented pea-like, lilac-purple blooms in spring.
Vines revisited: the good, the bad and the beautiful
Last month’s column about my top gardening mistakes (Garden Pitfalls) struck a chord with several readers. Some schadenfreude, but more shared experiences of plants that ran amok and outgrew their bounds. Mostly vines.
“You should definitely add wisteria to that list!”
Wisteria is an excellent choice to cover a sturdy arbor. It provides fast shade, drops its leaves in fall to allow winter sunlight, and is covered with sweetly fragrant flowers for a couple of weeks in spring. But you need to accommodate its ultimate enormity: the trunk of a mature wisteria is as big as a tree’s, the branches are heavy, and it wants to grow to forty feet or more. As with most vines that become problematic, it’s “wrong plant, wrong place.”
I did plant wisteria on my property and it swallowed up a very large clump of bamboo over a period of just a few years. The effect was stunning when it was in bloom. And I’ve been saving that metaphor (bamboo swallowed by wisteria) for some time. It turned out to be pretty easy to remove, since I had a bulldozer coming to the property for another project.
Sometimes wisteria sends up root suckers out from the main plant. Other vines that do this to an annoying degree include the trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans) and some of the hardier passionflowers. Plants that sucker should be confined by planting them in areas hemmed in by concrete, or in large planters. Or choose less thuggish varieties such as the blood-red trumpet vine (Phaedranthus) and more restrained passionflower varieties such as witchcraft and quasar.
“Honeysuckle took over my yard! I’m surprised you didn’t include that!”
Fortunately, my mother had made that mistake many years ago, and I learned my lesson since I was the teenager who did most of the digging out. Mom alternated Japanese honeysuckle and passionflower around our patio, in frost-free coastal San Diego. They didn’t just invade the yard, they engulfed it. Japanese honeysuckle has wonderfully sweet-scented flowers, and can be an excellent way to cover a shed or fence that you never want to see again. And, again, there are less rampant honeysuckle varieties you can choose.
Some vines send out suckers, and some root wherever they grow across the ground. This makes them hard to remove. The vines that can be truly destructive are those that root into their host support. Ivy and creeping fig can do actual structural damage to fences and buildings.
Screening and shade
The reason we choose vines is because they provide flowers, foliage, and privacy in narrow areas, mostly rather quickly. A common site for vines is the side yard, intended to screen the view from a neighbor’s window.
“Aren’t there vines that don’t completely take over?”
- Star jasmine (Trachelospermum) is vigorous, but it doesn’t root or sucker.
- Bower vine (Pandorea jasminoides) is a well-mannered trumpet vine with shiny leaves and pretty, fragrant flowers. Lavender trumpet vine (Clytostoma callistegioides) is another non-suckering choice.
- Akebia quinata had clean, attractive foliage, drops its leaves in winter, and sometimes even sets odd-looking edible fruit.
- The many varieties of clematis have showy flowers and the vines are light and airy.
“My yard is shade.”
Oh. Well, that narrows it down considerably. Star jasmine and clematis have pretty good shade tolerance. Here are some other vines that can grow in shade and even give you some flowers.
- Chilean jasmine (Mandevilla laxa) suffers from comparison to its flamboyant cousins with their hot pink and red flowers. You will see those being sold outside various retail chains. Sold as Mandevilla but now classed as Dipladenia, they are only hardy to 32 degrees. In other words, they are annuals here. Chilean jasmine is a hardy deciduous vine with sweet-scented bright white flowers all summer. Morning sun or light shade are perfect and, although it is vigorous it doesn’t run all over the place, root, or sucker.
- Australian bluebell creeper (Sollya fusiformis) is a very well-mannered, slow-growing evergreen vine for any exposure from full sun to full shade. It has clean shiny foliage, and little blue bell-shaped flowers from spring into fall. Sollya grows two to three feet a year, covering a fence in a few seasons. It can be clipped as a hedge, or allowed to trail as a ground cover. Originally introduced into California because it can grow beneath eucalyptus trees, it has good drought tolerance once established.
- A curiosity for foliage in total shade is Fatshedera lizei, sold as a “botanical wonder” when it was introduced because it is a hybrid between Japanese aralia (Fatsia japonica) and English ivy (Hedera helix). It inherited the bold leaf shape of the aralia and the vining growth habit of the ivy, but unlike ivy it doesn’t root into things. There are variegated varieties that have splotches of yellow on the leaves. Fatshedera never achieves great density, and it needs to be tied up onto your fence. It is nearly indestructible, except that the leaves will burn in the sun.
How about native vines?
California natives include
- Pipevine (Aristolochia californica), an important larval food source for pipevine swallowtail, but uncommon in the nursery trade. The fact that the flowers smell like rotten meat to attract flies for pollination may be a factor in its lack of availability.
- We have some native species of clematis, but unfortunately with rather undistinguished flowers compared to their introduced counterparts so hardly anybody grows them.
- California wild grape (Vitis californica). Like other grapes, our native species can scramble thirty feet or more, all the way up a tree if you let it. The seedy fruit is tasty and attractive to wildlife. Fall color can be very showy: Walker Ridge variety was selected for smaller growth habit and red fall color from plants growing in that region of the Coast Range. A unique grapevine with outstanding fall color, now called Roger’s Red, was found growing near Healdsburg by horticulturalist Roger Raiche. UCD geneticist Jerry Dangle determined it to be a natural hybrid between the California grape and a European variety (Alicante Bouschet). It is an excellent garden plant.
Privacy in side yards can be a challenge, and if you don’t want to use vines your options are somewhat limited. Look for narrow upright growing plants such as Italian cypress. Or you can plant evergreens that have moderate growth rate and tolerate pruning, such as Podocarpus gracilior (oddly called Fern pine). The very upright habit of most of the running types of bamboo can be used to good effect; simply confine them in reliably sturdy containers such as concrete planters or livestock water troughs available at feed stores.
Most vines that become problems in the garden are simply growing onto other things, which is their ecological niche. They rely on other things for support, with no apparent limit to their expansion, so you need to plan for that. Even grape vines can cover surprising territory.
When I came to UCD there was, or had been, a grape vine in the viticulture department that had been allowed to expand as far as it wished, with the annual prunings and yields carefully tabulated (it’s important to keep graduate students busy). My recollection is that it had covered nearly a quarter-acre before it was removed to make way for highway 113.
Know the growth habit and ultimate potential size of any vine before you plant it, so you won’t make your own garden mistake!
— Don Shor and his family have owned the Redwood Barn Nursery since 1981. He can be reached at Archived articles are available on The Enterprise website, and they are always available (all the way back to 1999) on its business website, www.redwoodbarn.com
Our jasmine vine produced a fruit. We didn’t know they could do that.
Heck, we didn’t even know what kind of jasmine we have. It can be a little confusing, because are several vines called jasmine: Jasminum (Jasmine), Trachelospermum (Star Jasmine), and Stephanotis (Madagascar Jasmine or Bridal Veil). There is a Gardenia called Cape Jasmine, and I’m sure there are still other flowers sharing the name.
Our plant is Stephanotis, which produces clusters of sweet-scented white blossoms. It attracts hummingbirds, who feed from the flowers and perch on the vines to keep watch over their territory. And, we have learned, it occasionally produces a large inedible mango-shaped fruit.
Our vines have been very healthy – they must like the climate here in the bay area. We don’t have to pay much attention to them. One day, we walked up to the house and noticed that there was a big green fruit on the vine. It was the same color and shape as the leaves, so maybe we can be excused for not seeing it until it was the size of an avocado.
We pulled out the ever handy Western Garden Book, and flipped to vines, where we figured out what plant we have. Unfortunately, there was just a brief paragraph on care and feeding, but no information on fruit. It didn’t even tell us that Stephanotis is usually propagated by cuttings.
This information from the Royal Horticultural Society helped clarify things. Other people have had this experience, too! Apparently the vines can produce fruit once every few years. This discussion from the University of British Columbia’s Botanical Centre gave some additional advice, saying that it is helpful to harvest the seeds before they go dormant if you want to try to grow them.
Since the vines tend not to flower while there is a fruit on the vine, and we like that the flowers draw the hummingbirds, we decided to pick the fruit and dissect it.
It is completely interesting inside. There is a thick fleshy outer layer. Inside that, the seeds are layered over a central core and each seed has a tuft of fuzz attached. The central part came out cleanly once the fleshy part was split open.
The layered seeds look like scales. And in the fuzz department, these babies put dandelions to shame! If we had let it mature on the vine, the fruit would have opened up and the seeds would have blown away.
Here’s a good overview of Stephanotis, and here’s a more in-depth article for further reading.