Types of hibiscus plants

Top 25 Most Beautiful Hibiscus Flowers Arshi Ahmed Hyderabd040-395603080 September 20, 2017

Hibiscus is a flowering plant which is typically grown in warm tropical climates. These flowers are large and are shaped like a trumpet. There are around 200 species of this plant and they belong to the mallow family. The pistils of this flower protrude dramatically from the horn of the flower making it into showy blossoms. The leaves are alternate and parted with veins which fan out from the leaf stem. They are available in several colors from deep purple to white and even multicolored. This flower lasts only one day, may be a bit longer if kept in the refrigerator.

Hibiscus is often used for decoration purposes and adds great beauty to the garden. In India, hibiscus is used as an offering to the goddess Kali, and Lord Ganesh. It is also used as an ingredient in hair care remedies. Hibiscus flowers are well known for providing several health benefits. The Pharaohs used hibiscus tea and it is still common in Egyptian weddings. It has a tangy, citrusy flavor and is often used in the preparation of salads and candies. There are three major types of hibiscus flowers:

Tropical Hibiscus:

Tropical hibiscus is native to Hawaii. It belongs to the Malvaceae family. They are identified by their shiny leaves, bright and vibrant blooms. It is available in a plethora of colors.

Perennial Hibiscus:

Perennial hibiscus is a name given to a large group of hibiscus which go dormant in winter and reappear during springs. Perennial hibiscus is cold and tolerant but some often die below 28 degrees, lasting for less than 5 hours and can be destroyed easily during infrequent cold snaps.

Hardy Hibiscus:

Hardy hibiscus is a member of the Mallow family. They are the largest hibiscus with showy flowers with 8 inches wide blooms. Hardy flowers are very hardy in colder climates. They get back to the ground in winter and return in the spring. It is mostly available in white, pink and red colors. These flowers do not survive in hot, wet summers but live much longer in cool and dry climates. A hardy hibiscus is a late bloomer with green spots and continues to flower until the frost kills the last of the buds.

So here is all the hibiscus flower information that you will need!

1. China rose:

China rose is known as a blackening plant as its flowers are used in the tropics to polish shoes. It is a popular Asiatic shrub which attains the height of 15 to 25 feet while withstanding frost. It has oval shaped flowers which are 3 to 4 inches long. The blooms are mainly in the red shade but some yellow, pink and orange varieties are also available. It comes in both single and double petaled blooms. These flowers are 4 to 6 inches long with long columns of stamens.

2. Rock Hibiscus:

Rock hibiscus is native to Mexico and the United States. The shrub which bears this flower clings to the rocky formations and can even survive elevation of up to 2000 feet. The shrub bears sparse foliage of triangular gray leaves. The color ranges from white to deep purple and pink. The flower has 5 petals of around 3 inches in diameter.

3. Flower of an Hour:

Flower of an Hour is also known as Hibiscus trionum. This hibiscus grows up to 4 feet in height and produces cream to yellow colored blossoms. This beautiful flower will look outstanding in the garden and for decoration purposes.

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4. Roselle:

This flower is commonly known as Indian Roselle. The plant has solitary yellow flowers and is stalk-less. It is an annual or perennial shrub growing up to 7 to 8 feet. The leaves are three to five lobed and are 3 to 6 inches long. Roselle is 4 inches in diameter and is white to pale yellow in color.

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5. Rose in Sharon:

Rose in Sharon is another name of Hibiscus syriacus. It is a hardy and an easy to grow shrub. It blooms from late summer to mid autumn. It is abundantly available in South Korea and blooms in a variety of shades like white, purple and violet. The shrub which bears this plant grows up to 5 to 15 feet high with sharply toothed oval leaves. The flower is short with just 3 to 5 inches long petals with dark green foliage. The size of the bloom will depend upon pruning as pruned flowers have proper and larger blooms while flowers which are left in the wild produce smaller flowers.

6. Abelmosk:

This hibiscus is also known as Musk mallow, Kasturi and Musk seed in India. This is an annual plant which grows from 2 to 6 feet in height. This hibiscus is native to India and is well known for its musky perfume. Its seeds are added to coffee and the leaves and shoots are eaten as vegetables. This flower is also used in Homeopathy to treat gonorrheal cystitis and urethritis.

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7. Giant Rose Mallow:

Giant rose mallow strongly resembles Hibiscus Moscheutos , has broader leaves and is quite tall in height. The flowers are pink in color while some are in white with a dark red centre. It has smooth foliage in the rich shade of coppery purple. The flowers are produced in succession from midsummer all the way through the frost of autumn. Giant rose mallow prefers good, moist garden soil in full sun.

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8. Hibiscus Moscheutos:

Hibiscus Moscheutos is a multicolored flower. It is a perennial shrub which grows up to 3 to 8 feet in length. Its color ranges from pure white to deep rose with a deep maroon centre. It belongs to the family of Malvaceae, which is commonly known as rose mallow. This showy flower has 12 inches wide petals with dark green leaves and yellow stamens. This flower blooms from summer to fall.

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9. Rose Mallow:

Rose Mallow is hibiscus moscheutos, often referred to as sea mallow swamp and swamp rose mallow. It is a deciduous hibiscus shrub that grows in cold regions. It is a salt marsh plant and grows up to 7 meters in height. The flowers are around 4 to 7 inches wide long with green, oval leaves. The flowers are mainly pink in color that deepens as they age. Rose mallows need full sun, well-drained, slightly acidic soil and plenty of water to grow. It blooms in summers and attracts hummingbirds.

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10. Checkered Hibiscus:

This crimson colored hibiscus belongs to the Malvaceae family. It has deep green leaves with shiny foliage and the flower blooms in pink, red, white and cream colors. The flower has a diameter of about 4 inches and looks strikingly beautiful. The flower needs a well drained soil with partial to full shade to bloom properly.

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11. Hawaiian Hibiscus:

Hawaiian hibiscus is the seven known species of hibiscus reared as native to Hawaii. This hibiscus has large petals which are mainly bright in color. This hibiscus grows very fast and last for a long time as compared to other types of hibiscus. Hibiscus Brackenridge is Hawaii’s state flower.

12. Hibiscus Sabdariffa:

This hibiscus is mainly grown in gardens and is one of the most popular varieties of hibiscus. It is also known as Roselle hibiscus. The flower is white to pale yellow and has a red spot on each petal.

13. Hibiscus Mutabilis:

This hibiscus variety is known as Confederate rose or Dixie rose mallow. The flowers are in double bloom and have white or green foliage. Planting Hibiscus mutabilis will definitely add more beauty to your garden. This flower blooms from summer to fall and is approximately 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Hibiscus mutabilis are mainly pink and white in color that changes to red with time. This flower grows well in well-drained soil and prefers full to partial shade.

14. Hibiscus Coccineus:

Hibiscus Coccineus is also known as Texas Star hibiscus. The plant grows up to 7 feet tall and produces red flowers, 3 to 4 inches in diameter. This flower likes the full sun and is quite susceptible to frost and extreme cold weather conditions. So, mulching is necessary while growing this flower. This woody upright hibiscus attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

15. Hibiscus Cannabinus:

Hibiscus cannabinus is known as Kenaf and belongs to the Malvaceae family. This flower is well known for the fiber obtained from it. Its fiber is used in the manufacturing of jute. It has large, single, red flowers about 3 to 4 inches in diameter. It grows in well-drained soil in spring or early summer, in a sunny location.

16. Hibiscus Tiliaceus:

This belongs to the Mallow family and its common names are Sea hibiscus and coast hibiscus. The shrub grows to a height of 3 to 6 cm; its young branches, buds and flowers are covered with short, shaft hair. The flowers are bright yellow in color with red centers and have long, flexible stems. It has dark green, heart-shaped leaves with a white to grey foliage. The flowers are large, showy and have 5 free petals.

17. Hibiscus Luna Red:

This hibiscus is a compact bushy plant with gigantic flowers. It has five petaled blooms with bright green foliage. The shorter variety of this flower is an excellent choice for garden and decorations. This flower grows well in well-drained, fertile soil with ample moisture. It is a beautiful, eye-catching flower of 6 to 8 inches. This flower dies back to ground level during the winter and reappears in the summers. It best planted in large containers. This flower attracts hummingbirds.

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18. Mango Liqueur:

This hybrid hibiscus has wide blooms of 6 to 8 inches and has petals like old, ruffled flowers. This is an easy to grow plant and grows up to 7 meters in height. Mango Liqueur’s parents are ‘Muffin Man’ which gives it its ruffled texture. This flower looks amazing in weddings and party decorations.

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19. Exuberance:

This flower has large, multicolored blooms which are approximately 7 to 9 inches wide. The flower blooms in colors like yellow, orange, red and pink. Its parents ‘Saffron’ and ‘Fireball, are two vividly colored flowers of medium size.

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20. Beach Beauty:

Beach beauty is a large 8 inches flower in rings of golden yellow, white and candy pink. The flower has a bright red eye with tints of orange around the edges. It is a hybrid flower which combines the soft and vivid colors of its both its parents, ‘Stolen Kiss’ and ‘Acapulco Gold’. The bush is of medium size and grows up to 6 meters.

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21. Secret Heart:

Secret heart is a lovely two-toned pink flower with a red centre. It is a large flower which grows well in alkaline soil. This flower develops in pink and red shades in cooler weather and blooms in blue color in warmer weather conditions. It has a blue-toned body with a warm pink edge. It gets it blue color and red centre from its father, ‘Rocket’s Red Glare’ and gets its amazing foliage from its mother, ‘Crème de Cacao’

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22. Champagne:

Champagne hibiscus blooms with a large 8 inches single flower that has hints of yellow and a tiny red centre. It is a hybrid between ‘Muffin Man’ and ‘Rainbow Christie’ and has smooth, even colored flowers.

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23. Aphrodite:

Aphrodite is valued for its large single, dark pink flowers with bright yellow centers. This flower blooms in mid to late summer in a sunny or partial shade. This deep fuchsia 6 to 8 inches wide flower sizzles against the dark green velvety foliage. The flower blooms every year in August in almost all types of soil. It is a hybrid flower between ‘Space Oddity’ and ‘Vin Extraordinaire.’ The plant grows 2 to 3 feet tall.

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24. Luna Pink Swirl:

Luna pink is a hardy perennial plant which produces large white and pink flowers with red centers. The flower is 8 inches in diameter and the plant grows 8 feet tall. The plant grows well in moist, fertile and well-drained soil. It produces flowers late in the summer. The flower requires optimum care as it is quite susceptible to fungal diseases. The flower petals are pink on one side and fade to light creamy pink on the other side. The flower attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.

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25. Hibiscus – Blue River II:

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This plant can be easily grown in average to medium soil but grows best in organically rich soils and under the full sun. The plant grows to a height of 4 to 5 meters which bears 5 petaled hollyhock blooms. The flower has a short life and does not live for more than one day. The flower blooms every year in succession from midsummer to early fall. The light green foliage makes an amazing contrast to its white petals.

Hope you enjoyed the compilation. Leave us your comments below.

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Arshi Ahmed

I’m Arshi who loves makeup, fashion and cars. Writing is my comfort!!! I love learning new languages. Gardening and cooking are my passions. I love to write articles which would simplify people’s life.I go crazy when it rains and find fun in getting drenced. Life to me is a cup of coffee you need to blend all the ingradients in right proportions, Hope my posts are helpful!!! stay positive and keep smiling !!

Botany expert: Hibiscus and marijuana leaves are similar but flowers are not

Judging by the leaves alone, confusing hibiscus for marijuana would be an easy mistake for someone to make.

That’s according to Bonnie Isaac, manager of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History’s Botany Collection, who said the leaf structure of the two plants is very similar.

The question about the differences and similarities between hibiscus and marijuana plants became particularly important to a Buffalo Township couple in October, when police mistook the flowering hibiscus in their yard for marijuana.

Edward and Audrey Cramer, both in their late 60s, were placed under arrest Oct. 7 after police were notified by an Nationwide insurance agent of a suspected marijuana grow operation on their property.

The Cramers were later released without being charged, as police found no marijuana on their property.

As a result of their encounter with police, the Cramers have filed a civil suit in Butler County Court against Buffalo Township and three of its police officers, as well as Nationwide Insurance and one of its agents.

That insurance agent, identified in a civil suit filed by the Cramers as Jonathan Yeamans, allegedly took pictures of the Cramers’ hibiscus plants so “as not to reveal that they had flowers on them so that they would appear to resemble marijuana plants,” according to the suit.

Isaac said that with the flowers in bloom, there would be no way for a reasonable person to mistake hibiscus for marijuana.

“The hibiscus flowers are large, and brightly colored, compared to the small nothings that grown on marijuana plants,” she said.

Still, Isaac said a quick glance at just the leaves could lead to a mistake.

“The leaves are really similar; with a quick glance it would be hard to tell them apart,” she said.

Sgt. Scott Hess, who the suit alleges is a self-proclaimed marijuana expert, at first told Audrey Cramer that her husband had been lying to her about the hibiscus, and that it was marijuana.

The plants in question were confiscated from the Cramers and labeled as “tall, green, leafy, suspected marijuana plants,” but not until after, the suit says, Hess had admitted that the plants probably were not marijuana.

Buffalo Township Solicitor Larry Lutz said that neither he nor any member of the townships government could comment on the case ahead of pending litigation.

David Gilligan, a spokesman for Nationwide, said in an email, “We can’t respond to the situation because it is now in litigation. We would refer you to local law enforcement regarding its response to the situation.”

According to Cpl. Adam Reed, a state police spokesman, some police officers are trained as drug recognition experts, but that training centers on being able to tell when suspects are under the influence of drugs, not the identification of drugs “on the front end.”

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    Hibiscus Bush

    Hibiscus Bush

    Grown for their large and showy blooms, hibiscus plants add a ton of color to a garden. Whether you are growing the hardy rose of Sharon types or the tropical varieties, either will give plenty of blooms throughout the season. The tropical types in particular can easily bloom most of the year, and come in dozens colors to choose from.

    genus name
    • Hibiscus
    • Sun
    plant type
    • Shrub
    • 3 to 8 feet,
    • 8 to 20 feet
    • Up to 8 feet
    flower color
    • Purple,
    • Red,
    • Orange,
    • White,
    • Pink,
    • Yellow
    foliage color
    • Blue/Green
    season features
    • Spring Bloom,
    • Fall Bloom,
    • Summer Bloom
    problem solvers
    • Deer Resistant,
    • Drought Tolerant
    special features
    • Low Maintenance,
    • Attracts Birds,
    • Good for Containers
    • 5,
    • 6,
    • 7,
    • 8,
    • 9
    • Seed,
    • Stem Cuttings

    Colorful Combinations

    With so many colors to choose from, you are bound to find a hibiscus that will work with your garden palette. The only color these versatile plants don’t come in is true blue. In tropical varieties, the large flowers typically last for just one day. Luckily, these plants can put on blooms almost the whole season, as long as they have plenty of sunshine. Many types even have bi-color blooms or other fun special effects.

    Hibiscus Care Must-Knows

    Hibiscus are easy-to-grow plants that require very little maintenance, and they like well-drained soils. During hot summers, be sure to water hibiscus daily to prevent them from dropping any flower buds due to heat stress. All types of hibiscus like full sun and will develop the most amount of flowers possible when in full sun. Full sun will also help these plants have strong branches, as tropical types of hibiscus especially tend to have poor branching. The branches may need some supplemental pruning to help shape the plants and prevent them from being too sparse. Do this in the spring, right before the heat of the summer encourages a new flush of growth.

    Tropical types of hibiscus make wonderful container plants. Make sure to plant tropical hibiscus in a general-purpose potting mix and to use a slow release fertilizer, as they are heavy feeders. You can also water the plants with a general-purpose fertilizer every other week, or even just once a month, to help promote blooms. Is your hibiscus not blooming? See why.

    If you have these tropical plants in a container outside for the season and plan to bring them back inside for the winter, make sure to give them as much sun as you can. Cooler temperatures and lower light inside slow these plants down, so don’t plan on blooms all winter long. If they do try to bloom, you may find it beneficial to pinch the buds off so that the plants focus their energy on surviving and not blooming.

    See how to bring hibiscus back from freezing temperatures.

    New Innovations

    Lately, there has been a fair amount of research going on in the world of tropical hibiscus. Whether in the novelty domain, where people are breeding specifically for interesting colors and patterns, or in the wholesale plant trade to make overall improvements, there have been many developments. A new series called the Hollywood Series features great new color options on dwarf plants perfect for containers. These varieties also feature blooms that stay open for several days longer than original hibiscus breeds.

    More Varieties for Hibiscus

    ‘Amazon Queen’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Amazon Queen’ shows off extra-large beige flowers with ruffled edges. It can grow 8 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘Bonnie B’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Bonnie B’ offers large red and lavender blooms that fade to orange and yellow at the edges. It can reach 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘Gator Pride’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Gator Pride’ is a stunning selection with 6-inch-wide, lavender-blue flowers that blend to apricot-pink at the edges. It grows 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘Goin Steady’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Goin Steady’ offers huge white semidouble flowers with bright pink centers. It can grow 8 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘Blue Chiffon’ Rose of Sharon

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    Hibiscus syriacus ‘Blue Chiffon’ offers semidouble blooms in a soft lavender-blue. It grows 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 4-9

    ‘Amber Suzanne’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Amber Suzanne’ is a subtropical variety that flaunts huge semidouble blooms that are deep pink toward the center and pale pink at the petal edges. It can reach 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘Sugar Tip’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus syriacus ‘Sugar Tip’ is a stunning selection with double pink flowers and white-edge foliage. It grows 12 feet tall and 7 feet wide. Zones 5-8

    ‘White Wings’ hibiscus

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘White Wings’ is an old but classic variety with white flowers that have bold red centers. It grows 15 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Zones 10-11

    ‘White Chiffon’ Rose of Sharon

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    Hibiscus syriacus ‘White Chiffon’ delights with semidouble white flowers. The shrub grows 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 4-9

    ‘Red Heart’ Rose of Sharon

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    Hibiscus syriacus ‘Red Heart’ bears huge white flowers with eye-catching red centers on a shrub that grows 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 5-9

    ‘Lavender Chiffon’ Rose of Sharon

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    Hibiscus syriacus ‘Lavender Chiffon’ offers semidouble blooms in a delightful shade of lavender. The shrub grows 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 4-9

    Garden Plans For Hibiscus Bush

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    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis – Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Yellow Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Common name: China Rose, Chinese hibiscus, Ambashthaki, Bissap, Gongura, Groseille de Guinée, Guinea Sorrel, Hibisco, Hibiscus Calyx, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Jamaica Sorrel, Karkadé, Oseille de Guinée, Oseille Rouge, Pulicha Keerai, Red Sorrel, Red Tea, Rosa de Jamaica, Roselle, So

    Hindi: Gurhal गुढ़ल, Manipuri: জুবা কুসুম Juba kusum
    Marathi: Jaswand जासवंद, • Konkani: Dosni Phool दोस्णि फुल

    Botanical name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
    Family: Malvaceae (mallow family)
    Tribe: Hibisceae
    Genus: Hibiscus
    Species: H. rosa-sinensis

    Hibiscus are large shrubs or small trees that produce huge, colorful, trumpet-shaped flowers over a long season. Hibiscus are deciduous shrubs with dark green leaves; the plants can grow to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas. Flowers may be up to 6 inches diameter, with colors ranging from yellow to peach to red. Hibiscus can be planted singly or grown as a hedge plant; they can also be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree.

    The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. The generic name is derived from the Greek word (hibískos), which was the name Pedanius Dioscorides gave to Althaea officinalis.

    Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Hibiscus flower has almost 232 species species, all its varieties and forms, grows in full sun and produces large, funnel-shaped flowers with soft petals and attractive large stamens. The flowers come in a range of colors, some with veins of different colors toward the center. If your climate doesn’t allow you to grow hibiscus outdoors, you can still enjoy them in large containers that spend summers outdoors and winters indoors.

    Orange Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Nobody knows whether the hibiscus really is a native of China as its latin name, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, (rosa-sinensis = Chinese Rose) suggests or not. Many believe, it comes from India. The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, often with a toothed or lobed margin. The flowers are large, conspicuous with five or more petals, color from white to pink, red, orange, purple or yellow, and from 4–18 cm broad.

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is one of many plant species with a genetic characteristic known as polyploidy, in which there are more than two complete sets of chromosomes, unlike most other species. A side effect of polyploidy is a condition where the phenotype of the offspring may be quite different from the parent, or indeed any ancestor, essentially allowing possibly random expression of all (or any) of the characteristics of all the generations that have gone before. Because of this characteristic, H. rosa-sinensis has become popular with hobbyists who cross and recross varieties, creating new named varieties and holding competitions to exhibit and judge the many resulting new seedlings and often strikingly unique flowers. To add to the genetic opportunities, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has been successfully hybridized with the cold-resistant Hibiscus moscheutos and several other North American hibiscus species, producing cold-hardy hybrids.

    Flower color in certain species, such as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, changes with age. The fruit is a dry five-lobed capsule, containing several seeds in each lobe, which are released when the capsule dehisces (splits open) at maturity. It is of red and white colours. It is an example of complete flowers. This plant has a coarse texture and may be upright or broad and spreading. It is often many-stemmed. Flowers are glorious and huge at their best — up to 6″ in diameter — and occur in many colors. Most are flared and have a bell shape and may be single or double, smooth or scalloped. They have a long central tube with stamens and pistils at the tip.

    Hibiscus has some of the largest flowers of any plant. Rose mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos) produces the largest flowers of all hibiscus from late spring until the first frost, with some reaching 1 foot across. Flowers on the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) come in single or double forms and can be 4 to 8 inches wide. Rose mallow thrives in USDA plant hardiness zones 5b through 11 and Chinese hibiscus in USDA zones 8a through 11.

    White Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Plant in spring, summer, or fall, spacing plants 3 to 6 feet apart. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you’ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don’t amend it at all. Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.

    Hibiscus require at least one inch of rain (or equivalent watering) each week. They like to be constantly moist, but not wet. Feed twice a month during the growing season and prune as necessary to control plant size and cut back errant branches. Cut branches back to just above a side shoot. Hibiscus are sensitive to cold and should be protected when temperatures dip into the 30s; container-grown plants should be brought indoors. Check plants periodically for pests such as aphids, white flies, and mealybugs. Use a horticultural oil or insecticidal soap to control these pests.

    National flower: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has been cultivated for centuries in tropical Asia and is honored as the national flower of Malaysia. It grows up to 30 feet tall in warm tropical climates like Hawaii, but up to 15 feet tall in the U.S. mainland. This tropical hibiscus features single or double flowers in a full range of colors.

    Two hibiscus are native to Hawaii, but only one has been named the official state flower: Hibiscus brackenridgei. This hibiscus grows as either a shrub or a tree and produces pure yellow flowers with red veining near the center and a prominent yellow stamen. It grows to 15 feet tall and 8 feet wide in USDA plant hardiness zones 10a through 11.

    Resembling a bouquet of hollyhocks, rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus) grows as a deciduous shrub up to 12 feet tall and 6 feet wide in USDA plant hardiness zones 5b through 11 and can also be trained into a single trunk with a treelike top or as an espalier. An evergreen tree hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is native to tropical Asia and Polynesia. It grows 30 feet tall and wide in USDA zones 10b and 11 with 4-inch flowers that open yellow in the morning and deepen to orange by the end of each day.

    Pink Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Beverage: The tea made of hibiscus flowers is known by many names in many countries around the world and is served both hot and cold. The beverage is well known for its color, tanginess and flavor.

    It is known as bissap in West Africa, karkadé in Egypt and Sudan, agua de jamaica in Mexico and Honduras (the flower being flor de jamaica) and gudhal (गुड़हल) in India. In Jamaica, Trinidad and many other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is known as sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa; not to be confused with Rumex acetosa, a species sharing the common name sorrel). Roselle is typically boiled in an enamel-coated large stock pot as most West Indians believe the metal from aluminum, steel or copper pots will destroy the natural minerals and vitamins.

    In Cambodia, a cold beverage can be prepared by first steeping the petals in hot water until the colors are leached from the petals, then adding lime juice (which turns the beverage from dark brown/red to a bright red), sweeteners (sugar/honey) and finally cold water/ice cubes. In Egypt and the Middle east, hibiscus tea is known by the name “KarKadeh and is served as both a hot and a cold drink.

    Food: Dried hibiscus is edible, and is often a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and used as a garnish.The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is used as a vegetable. Certain species of hibiscus are also beginning to be used more widely as a natural source of food coloring (E163), and replacement of Red #3 / E127. Hibiscus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidopteran species, including Chionodes hibiscella, Hypercompe hambletoni, the nutmeg moth, and the turnip moth. In foods and beverages, hibiscus is used as a flavoring. It is also used to improve the odor, flavor, or appearance of tea mixtures.

    Symbolism and culture: Hibiscus species represent nations: Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the national flower of Malaysia. The hibiscus is the national flower of the Republic of Haiti. The red hibiscus is the flower of the Hindu goddess Kali, and appears frequently in depictions of her in the art of Bengal, India, often with the goddess and the flower merging in form. The hibiscus is used as an offering to goddess Kali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship.

    In the Philippines, the gumamela (local name for hibiscus) is used by children as part of a bubble-making pastime. The flowers and leaves are crushed until the sticky juices come out. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and used as straws for blowing bubbles.

    The hibiscus flower is traditionally worn by Tahitian and Hawaiian girls. If the flower is worn behind the left ear, the woman is married or in a relationship. If the flower is worn on the right, she is single or openly available for a relationship.

    Orange Hibiscus Bud – Ajaytao

    Hibiscus Flower Facts:

    Over 200 species of Hibiscus Flowers
    Hibiscus Flowers have a tart citrus taste
    Hibiscus Flowers make great tea
    Hibiscus Flowers last about one day
    Hibiscus Flowers do not require water

    The Pharoahs drank hibiscus flower tea
    Hibiscus tea is popular in cocktails in the Caribbean
    Hibiscus Flowers attracts hummingbirds, butterflies

    Medicine uses

    High cholesterol. An early study shows that taking 1 gram daily of a specific extract of hibiscus leaves (Green Chem, Bangalore, India) does not seem to improve cholesterol levels.

    High blood pressure. Some research shows that people with mild high blood pressure who drink a specific hibiscus tea (Celestial Seasonings) 3 times daily have lower blood pressure. This research is promising, but too preliminary to rely on hibiscus tea for treating high blood pressure.

    Hibiscus seems to be safe for most people, but the possible side effects of hibiscus are not known. It is used for the treatment of Liver diseases, Cancer,(Numerous in vitro experiments have evaluated the effects of hibiscus flower or anthocyanin extracts against various cancer cell lines. Proposed mechanisms of action focus on antioxidant activity and the ability to induce apoptosis), Loss of appetite, Colds, Constipation, Irritated stomach, Fluid retention, Heart disease, Nerve disease. Hibiscus is used for treating upper respiratory tract pain and swelling (inflammation), and disorders of circulation; for dissolving phlegm; as a gentle laxative; and as a diuretic to increase urine output.

    The tender leaves are emollient (soothing the mucus lining), diuretic (treating fluid retention), refrigerant (cooling especially if you feel the heat on hot days) also have a sedative calming effect on the whole system. The fruits are anti-scorbutic, meaning they are high in vitamin C, rosehip tea.

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a number of medical uses in Chinese herbology. Lokapure s.g.et al. their research indicates some potential in cosmetic skin care; for example, an extract from the flowers of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been shown to function as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.

    In the Indian traditional system of medicine, Ayurveda, hibiscus, especially white hibiscus and red hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), is considered to have medicinal properties. The roots are used to make various concoctions believed to cure ailments such as cough, hair loss or hair greying. As a hair treatment, the flowers are boiled in oil along with other spices to make a medicated hair oil. The leaves and flowers are ground into a fine paste with a little water, and the resulting lathery paste is used as a shampoo plus conditioner.

    Hibiscus tea also contains bioflavenoids, which are believed to help prevent an increase in LDL cholesterol, which can increase the build up of plaque in the arteries.

    Chinese Hibiscus – Ajaytao

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Hibiscus is UNSAFE to take during pregnancy. There is some evidence that hibiscus might start menstruation, and this could cause a miscarriage. Not enough is known about the safety of taking hibiscus during breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side, and avoid use.

    Before adding hibiscus tea to your diet, consult your doctor about any preexisting health condition you may have. According to the Bastyr Center for Natural Health at the University of Pennsylvania, hibiscus tea may open and expand your blood vessels, which may increase your risk for heart disease. Drinking hibiscus tea daily may drop your systolic blood pressure by 7.2 points on average. Avoid drinking hibiscus tea if you are taking medication for hypertension and low blood pressure.

    Hibiscus can interact with some medications. It has anticancer effects when taken with other anticancer agents and an additive effect when taken with antiviral agents. It decreases antimalarial efficacy of drugs such as chloroquine and quinine and alters some inflammatory agents processed by your body such as acetaminophen. If you are taking anti-inflammatory drugs, wait for at least two hours to consume hibiscus tea to avoid adverse side effects.

    A sense of feeling intoxicated and hallucination are common side effects of hibiscus tea. The tea has can impair your focus and concentration. When engaging in activities that demand full alertness such as operating machinery or driving, avoid drinking hibiscus tea.

    Dosage: The appropriate dose of hibiscus depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for hibiscus.

    Ajaytao Photography

    A Shopper’s Guide to Buying the Best Hibiscus

    Visit your local garden center and you might be surprised at the variety of hibiscus available. These stunning, sun-loving plants come in just about every color, plus some wild multi-colored blooms. There’s also a wide variety of sizes, from dwarf selections to trees. You may see tropical types that can’t take frost and hardy types that will survive outdoors over the winter as far north as Canada. Check out our tips below to pick the best type and the best plants.
    The Three Main Types of Hibiscus
    There are three general categories of hibiscus you’ll commonly see.
    Tropical Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) are sun-loving shrubs that usually have shiny, dark green leaves and flowers in shades of yellow, orange, red, pink, purple, lavender, white, and bicolors. Being tropicals, they don’t like temperatures below 50F (10C) so if you live in a cold-winter climate, consider them annuals or bring them to a frost-free place for the winter and treat them like houseplants. Older varieties can grow 10 feet (3 meters) or more, but newer dwarf varieties stay much more compact. The Costa Farms Tropic Escape hibiscus are all tropical hibiscus.
    Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus) is a hardy, sun-loving flowering shrub that survives temperatures as cold as -20F (-29C). These plants typically have smaller leaves and smaller flowers than their tropical cousins, but still grow large — to 8 feet (2.5 meters) or more. The blooms appear mainly in shades of white, pink, purple, and red and can be single or double. Some varieties also have attractive foliage splashed with white.
    Hardy Hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos), as its name suggests, is a cold-hardy, sun-loving perennial that survives -20F (-29C) temperatures. Unlike the tropical and rose of Sharon types, hardy hibiscus dies back to the ground every winter and comes back from the roots in late spring. (It comes back later in spring than most perennials — so don’t give up on it!) Hardy hibiscus also features some of the largest flowers — to 10 inches (25 centimeters) wide or more, and primarily in shades of red, pink, and white.
    Once you decide on the right type of hibiscus, read the plant tags to make sure you have the right variety for your needs. If you’re looking for a hibiscus for a container garden on your sunny balcony, for example, you’ll probably want a tropical variety. Check the plant tag to see how big it grows. Varieties in the HibisQs, Shades of Summer, and TradeWinds series stay dwarf, only growing a couple of feet tall and wide over the course of the summer.
    Picking Hibiscus Plants
    When shopping for hibiscus, look for plants that have dark green leaves. Too many yellow leaves may be a sign that the plant was stressed. Also look for lots of flower buds developing; hibiscus will often drop flower buds when allowed to dry out too much.
    With hibiscus shrubs, it’s also helpful to select one that has a good overall shape. While you can prune them, shrub forms can take a while to grow into a more attractive plant. Because hibiscus flower from their new growth, one general rule is the more stems they have, the more blooms they can produce.
    Don’t be afraid to slip a hibiscus out of its pot to look at the root system. The healthiest plants will have firm, white roots that just start to fill the pot. If there are lots of thick roots circling the inside of the pot, the plant is rootbound and will need more frequent watering. Avoid plants that have a lot of brown, squishy roots — they may have been kept too wet and could be rotting.
    Keeping Hibiscus Plants Healthy
    After you bring your plant home, keep it healthy by repotting it into a slightly larger pot and use potting mix (avoid garden soil, which doesn’t drain well in pots and can introduce pests and diseases). Or plant it in the garden by digging a hole as deep as the pot, but about twice as wide. Be sure to water your hibiscus regularly: These sun-loving plants wilt quickly when they’re too dry. Promote lots of gorgeous blooms by fertilizing regularly with a general-purpose fertilizer formulated for use on container plants and follow the directions on the product packaging.

    Differences Between The Rose Of Sharon And Hibuscus – Knowledgebase Question

    Roses of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
    Posted by TBGDN
    There are many members of the hibiscus family. Some are tender and tropical in nature and others are hardy landscape shrubs. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, or Chinese hibiscus, is a frost-tender tropical plant most often grown indoors in cold-winter climates. In your gardening zone, it is hardy outdoors. The foliage is a glossy deep green and plants can grow 30′ high and 20′ wide.
    Rose of Sharon, also known as Hibiscus syriacus or Shrub Althea, is a great shrub for late summer bloom. This is a potentially large (up to 8 or 12 foot) shrub with lovely blooms in mid to late summer. It is easy to grow, can be pruned for size in very early spring, and does best in full sun in any reasonable soil. The double flowered forms are very striking.
    All Hibiscus require full sun, good drainage, regular, deep watering and frequent feeding. If you prune the plant in early spring, you’ll encourage new flowering stems. If you pinch out the tips of the new growth in the late spring and early summer, flower production will increase. When you water, apply liberally to wet the entire root system. Feed plants every two weeks with a diluted liquid fertilizer (from spring through the end of summer), pinch out the the tips of the new stems and your plant should produce blooms.

    Have you noticed the huge hibiscus blooms this summer? Hibiscus has magnificent flowers that make quite an impressive display each summer.
    There are many different types of hibiscus. The rose-of –Sharon (Hybiscus syriacus) is a popular shrub hibiscus. Herbaceous perennial hibiscuses are available in tropical and hardy forms.

    Tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), with its glossy lobed leaves and brightly colored flowers, does not overwinter here. My sons gave me a tropical hibiscus tree for mother’s day this year. It looks like a pom-pom of bright orange blooms on top of a three foot braided trunk. It has done well for me, if I remember to water it every day! I hope to overwinter it as a houseplant.

    Fortunately there are many wonderful options of hardy hibiscus available for us to use in central Illinois. In fact, hardy hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos) is native to Illinois.

    Hibiscus, also called Rose Mallow or Wild Cotton, is a fast, strong-growing perennial. It usually grows to 5 feet tall, but in proper conditions can reach 8 feet in height. The plant grows about 3 feet wide, but does spread into larger patches with years of growth.

    The flowers are this plant’s claim to fame. The large, showy, funnel-form flowers are 5 to 9 inches across. Flowers appear singularly on long stems that come from the leaves. Flowers appear from mid-July to frost but are heaviest in August and September.

    This is a very easy plant to grow. I have several patches of red and white flowering plants that I inherited from the previous homeowner. They grow well for me in my dry, sandy soil. In fact, this plant seems to love heat and full sun in spite of the fact that its native habitat is wetland areas such as swamps and marshes. Consequently, its best performance will occur in wetter areas, but it is very tolerant of drier soil. It also does best in full sun but tolerates light shade.

    Plants can be started with seeds, plants, or division. Once the plant is established, it can be left undisturbed for an indefinite period, because the plants do not spread underground. They do self-sow seeds though and can spread that way. Divide in the spring. The only other care these plants need is to cut back old flowering stems in fall or spring.

    For something new, try one of the many wonderful hardy hibiscus hybrids now available. Many of these are the result of long breeding programs combining several native species. Proven Winners has a new hibiscus called Summerific ‘Cherry Cheesecake’ that has striking 8 inch white flowers with cherry-red eyes and magenta veining. My Summerific hibiscus blends nicely with my other tropical plants around the pool, where it stands between a bird-of-paradise and three different elephant ear plants.

    Some of the biggest flowers come from the old standby Southern Belle Mix hybrids. This 4-feet tall plant has 10 ½” flowers in red, pink, and white. Also stunning is the “Turn of the Century” Hibiscus with 8- to 10-inch blooms. It has unusual, bicolored flowers with pale pink on one side, deepening to red toward the other, suggesting a spinning pinwheel.

    For more information on this and other perennials, go to University of Illinois Extension’s website “Gardening with Perennials” at http://urbanext.illinois.edu/perennials.

    Author: Rhonda Ferree

    Rhonda Ferree is Extension Educator in Horticulture for the Fulton-Mason-Peoria-Tazewell Extension Unit. She has been with University of Illinois Extension for over 20 years where she has held several positions and received many awards. Ferree has a master’s degree and a bachelor’s degree in horticulture from the University of Illinois. View all posts by Rhonda Ferree

    Hibiscus Varieties – How Many Kinds Of Hibiscus Are There

    Hibiscus varieties are immensely popular in gardening, and range from annuals to perennials, hardy to tropical, and large shrubs to smaller plants. When you understand what all the options are, you can pick the perfect types of hibiscus for your garden.

    About Hibiscus Plant Types

    There is a huge variety of hibiscus plants with a lot of differing qualities, but they all have certain characteristics in common. These are plants that produce pretty flowers, although they come in range of colors and may be single or double in form. The flowers on hibiscus varieties only last about one day, but the entire plant flowers for a long season. Thanks to their flowers, all hibiscus plants draw in pollinators, including bees.

    Varieties of Hibiscus

    Among the various kinds of hibiscus plants are hardy and tropical specimens, native plants, annuals, and perennials. There are also related plants, like hollyhock, common mallow, and even okra. Some of the main categories of hibiscus include:

    Native hibiscus. Also known as rose mallows, there are about 35 species of hibiscus native to parts of the southeastern U.S. A popular native variety is the scarlet rose mallow, common in Florida, which can grow to 4 to 8 feet tall (1 to 2.5 m.). Rose mallows are also called marsh hibiscus, and although they naturally grow in wetlands, they will tolerate drier areas.

    Hardy hibiscus. These cold-tolerant, perennial shrubs can be just as beautiful as their tropical counterparts, with big showy blooms in a range of colors. A popular hardy hibiscus variety is Rose of Sharon, with pink, white, or purple flowers.

    Tropical hibiscus. These types of hibiscus have some overlap with the native species that grow in Florida and southern Louisiana. The most common tropical hibiscus found in nurseries is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Different cultivars will give you a choice of flower color and size. They can be very large and showy, with bright and rich colors.

    Perennial hibiscus. These are shrubs, which can range from smaller, dwarf varieties to large, tree-like bushes. The perennial hibiscus may be hardy or tropical, and include Rose of Sharon, scarlet swamp hibiscus, rose mallow, and confederate roses.

    Annual hibiscus. These are not true annuals, but they are tropical and can be grown as annuals in slightly cooler climates. They are often grown in containers and include Chinese and Red Leaf hibiscus. The former comes with a variety of colors, while Red Leaf is grown mainly for its deep red foliage.

    With so many options for growing hibiscus, every gardener in every setting can find something that will grow and thrive while adding beauty to the garden.

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