Read through this article to learn about the different types of roses you can find in any rose garden.
Roses are the most popular flower in the United States. In 1986, they were even named as the nation’s official flower!
With their widespread familiarity, the casual observer might think that there’s not much about roses that can be learned. The truth is surprisingly complex and nuanced. To start with, there are three major categories of the plant: wild, old garden, and modern garden roses.
The rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, represented by over 100 distinct species. We’re not here to list every single breed just yet; this article is designed to give you a firm grasp on the major categories of this important flower. To that end, we aim to break down the major differences between standard and garden roses, and explain what sets wild roses apart.
- Wild Roses
- Knockout Roses
- Old Garden Roses
- Modern Garden Roses
- How Many Types Of Roses Are There
- Types of Modern Garden Roses
- About Rose
- from our stores – Pickupflowers – the flower expert
- Rose Varieties: What Are Some Different Types Of Roses
- Different Varieties of Roses
- Types of Roses
- Different Types Of Roses
- Rose Information About Rose Types
- Types of roses
- Rose Buying Guide
- Roses Now for Sale:
These are the ancestors of every cut flower rose you’ll see today. These varieties are untouched by human interference, growing as naturally as they were millennia ago. Wild roses typically appear as large climbing or shrub-like plants with single flat flowers blooming in spring, with seeds following in autumn. It might be useful to picture these flowers are the wolves to garden roses’ dogs. They share many of the same characteristics, but without the precise hybridization and cultivation from generations of human hands, they’re remarkably distinct.
Wild roses are never used as cut flowers, but may be seen growing in many gardens. The plant bodies are often sprawling growths, with the flowers themselves appearing in light sprinklings atop the greenery. Being wild, they are relatively uncouth and less manageable than their hybridized descendants. This is the major reason you won’t see wild roses at your local florist! Still beautiful, the bulbs are not as refined, full, or expressive as garden variety roses.
The Knockout rose was introduced in the year 2000 by Wisconsin rose breeder William Radler. This kind of rose is bred to be very cold-resistant and heat-resistant while still being a gorgeous plant with tons of blooms. Knockout roses are cold-resistant to Zone 5, and heat-resistant anywhere in the US.
Knockout roses come in 7 different varieties, and can vary in color from cherry red, to peachy pink, to soft yellow. The huge number of gorgeous flowers this bush will produces makes it ideal for gardening and landscaping, as it adds a very colorful touch. When planted individually, they make an amazing centerpiece for a flowerbed. When planted in groups, Knockout roses create a gorgeous hedge or background of color.
The Knockout family of roses is stunning, yet doesn’t require special care because of its hardy constitution, making it the most widely sold rose in North America. These flowers are disease resistant, so you’ll never have to worry about that. Pruning in early spring after the last frost is recommended to get the most out of Knockout roses. Watering when needed, using your regular rose food, and some winter protection is all you need to make sure your Knockout roses stay healthy and happy.
Old Garden Roses
Sometimes referred to as heritage roses, old garden species are those that were popular before the 20th century. Many breeds bear a striking hardiness, able to withstand colder winters and diseases. With a plant meant to add attraction to your garden, it’s important to count resilience as a trait. Old garden roses are often more potently fragrant than modern counterparts, and will often appear with noticeably denser petal layers. While not all old garden breeds are as deeply petalled, certain species have been referred to as “cabbage” roses for their multifold layers and rounded shape.
With the often increased fragrance and petal count, the cup-shaped blooms distinguish themselves further with a ruffled, layered appearance. This allows them to become a popular stand-in for peonies in arrangements, when the peonies are out of season. The one major disadvantage of old garden roses is their diminished vase life. They simply won’t last as long, once cut, as their modern successors, thriving at most a week in comparison to the latter’s two full weeks, proper care and handling granted.
Modern Garden Roses
Here we have the flowers that you’re probably picturing when asked about roses. The most impressive subclass of modern roses are hybrid tea roses, which can continually bloom throughout the season. In contrast, the old garden forebears will bloom but once a year.
Generations of specific and complex breeding practices have brought us larger bloom sizes and extended vase life, often at the cost of distinctive fragrance. The flowers may be more visually stunning, but they simply don’t smell as powerfully pleasing as their ancestors. As we mentioned with wild roses, the human intervention of hybridization has brought reduced hardiness and disease resistance to the world of modern roses. The upshot, of course, is that there are few flowers in the entire world as prized and beloved for their beauty as modern roses.
While we could spend hours discussing the vast multitudes of individually interesting species of rose, we hope that this brief overview of the major factions has been enlightening. Roses have been cherished for centuries, and with a little background knowledge, it’s easy to see why. We are fascinated with their beauty, complexity, and strength, and continue to juggle these three aspects as the flower has evolved.
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How Many Types Of Roses Are There
There are around 150 species of roses. Roses are divided into 3 main groups: Species (wild) roses & their hybrids, Old Garden roses and Modern roses.
Species Roses: Known as Wild Roses have been growing in the wild for hundreds of thousands of years.
Old Garden Roses: These are roses that were cultivated before 1867, the year when the first hybrid tea ‘La France’ was introduced.
Modern Garden Roses: These are the roses that were introduced after year 1867 and afterwards.
Within these three groups of different types of roses and rose classes, roses are further divided by their growth habits, foilage and flower forms.
Wild roses, species roses, are the parents of and the origins of the Old Garden Roses and the Modern Garden Roses.
There are New England wild roses, desert wild roses and wild roses native to the South. In fact wild roses that have naturalized and are growing all over the USA and many other places in the world.
These are the different types of roses that are very old.
The main groups of old garden roses,heirloom old garden roses, heritage bushes of roses, whatever you choose to call these antique old roses from the past, include the following rose types.
ALBA: Mostly white flowered,or pale pink roses that only bloom once. The foilage is the color of sage green or grayish green.
BOURBON: The very first roses that repeat bloomed. They were introduced on the ‘Isle of Bourbon’ in the Indian Ocean. That’s where these roses got the name. Bourbon roses are very fragrant.
CENTIFOLIA: Known as the ‘Cabbage Roses’, the flowers, looking like cabbages, usually have over 100 petals. These roses only bloom once.
DAMASK: The flowers are intensely fragrant and come in white, pink or red colors. Some repeat-flower, some don’t.
HYBRID CHINA: These roses are tender and not for cold climates north of zone 7. Most are repeat flowering.
HYBRID GALLICA: These roses are almost always thornless. The once-flowering blooms are usually pink, red, or purple and have a strong rose fragrance.
HYBRID PERPETUAL: Very fragrant pink or red roses that repeat flowers.
MOSS: Mostly once-blooming fragrant roses that produce a sort of sticky moss-like growth on their flower stems and buds.
NOISETTE: Large, sort of sprawling rose plants that are best used as climbers. They have small clusters of fragrant flowers. These roses are cold-tender and best suited for warmer climates.
PORTLAND: Roses that are very fragrant, usually pink blooms that are repeat- flowering.
TEA: These roses have canes with few thorns. The flowers come in light yellow, pink or white colors and are repeat-blooming. Best in zone 7 and the south.
Types of Modern Garden Roses
The different types of roses known as Modern Garden Roses are also divided into subdivisions.
These are the main types roses and types of roses for landscaping and home gardens. Most of them are repeat-flowering.
HYBRID TEA: Long-stemmed flowers that are high-centered. Usually one flower per stem. They bloom on upright, rather narrow plants, and flowers in flushes of every six weeks or so. This is the classic rose for cut flowers.
FLORIBUNDA: Shrub roses with clusters of flowes with continuous blooms. The growth habit is bushy and full. Floribunda roses are usually hardier than hybrid teas.
GRANDIFLORA: These are tall and vigorous plants that produce flowers singly or in clusters. They are very similar to hybrid teas, except for their size.
POLYANTHA: Small flowered roses in large clusters on small compact free- flowering rose bushes.
SHRUBS: This is a large group of various classes, that vary widely in height and habit. This group include the English Roses by David Austin.
MINIATURES and MINI-ROSES: These are scaled down versions of the larger Modern Garden Roses, ranging in height from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. Their flowers and leaves are proportionally dimitutive.
CLIMBERS: A mixed group of roses with long arching canes that can be trained on a support such as arbors, trellises, fences, and walls.Some are repeat-flowering, some are not.
I’d rather have Roses on my table than diamonds on my neck. – Emma Goldman
Roses for the longest time have enjoyed the honor of being the most popular flowers in the world. The reason for popularity of the rose flower may be its wide variety in terms of color, size, fragrance and other attributes.
Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Rosales Family Rosaceae Subfamily Rosoideae Genus Rosa
The rose has been a symbol of love, beauty, even war and politics from way back in time. The variety, color and even number of Roses carry symbolic meanings. The Rose is most popularly known as the flower of love, particularly Red Rose.
Roses have been the most popular choice of flowers for the purpose of gifting across the world. They also act as a great addition to home and office decor. A bunch of roses or even a single rose works wonders aesthetically and considerably enlivens a place. Besides fresh cut roses, artificial flowers like silk roses in different colors are also widely used as decoration.
Some Interesting Facts About Roses
- The birthplace of the cultivated Rose was probably Northern Persia, on the Caspian, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia.
- Historically, the oldest Rose fossils have been found in Colorado, dating back to more than 35 million years ago.
- Roses were considered the most sacred flowers in ancient Egypt and were used as offerings for the Goddess Isis. Roses have also been found in Egyptian tombs, where they were formed into funeral wreaths.
- Confucius, 551 BC to 479 BC, reported that the Imperial Chinese library had many books on Roses.
- Ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia (in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley) mentioned Roses in a cuneiform tablet (a system of writing) written in approximately 2860 BC.
- The English were already cultivating and hybridizing Roses in the 15th Century when the English War of Roses took place. The winner of the war, Tudor Henry VII, created the Rose of England (Tudor Rose) by crossbreeding other Roses.
- While no Black Rose yet exists, there are some of such a deep Red color as to suggest Black.
- Roses are universal and grown across the world.
- The Netherlands is the world’s leading exporter of Roses.
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The Netherlands, with about 8000 hectares of land under Rose cultivation, is the global leader in Rose cultivation. 54 per cent (about 5000 hectares) of the cultivated land in Ecuador is under Rose cultivation!! Zambia, a small nation, had 80 per cent of its cultivated land under Roses.
Classification of Roses
Broadly, Roses are divided into three classes-
Species Roses are often called Wild Species Roses. Species Roses often have relatively simple, 5-petaled flowers followed by very colorful hips that last well into the winter, providing food for birds and winter color.
The most popular Rose species for sale today is Rosa rugosa owing to its superior hardiness, disease resistance, and extremely easy maintenance. Species roses are widely hybridized. Wild Species Roses include many different varieties. Wild Species Roses usually bloom once in the summer.
Old Garden Roses
Old Garden Roses have a delicate beauty and wonderful perfume, not often found in modern hybrid tea roses. Old Garden Roses are a diverse group from the those with a wonderful fragrance and great winter hardiness to the tender and lovely tea roses, which are best suited for warm climates.
Old Garden Roses comprise a multifaceted group that in general are easy to grow, disease-resistant and winter-hardy. Old Garden Roses grow in several shrub and vine sizes. Although colors do vary, this class of Roses are usually white or pastel in color. These “antique Roses” are generally preferred for lawns and home gardens. Several groupings of Roses classified as Old Garden Roses are China Roses, Tea Roses, Moss Roses, Damask Roses, Bourbon Roses, etc.
Any Rose identified after 1867, is considered a Modern Rose.
Old Garden Roses are the predecessors of Modern Roses. This group of Roses are very popular. The Modern Rose is the result of crossbreeding the hybrid tea with the polyanthus (a variety of primrose).
The colors of Modern Roses are varied, rich and vibrant. The most popular roses found in the class of Modern Roses are the Hybrid Tea Roses, Floribunda Roses, and Grandiflora Roses. Although Modern Roses are adored by florists and gardeners, they do require proper care, and do not adapt well to colder environments.
Popular Hybrid Varieties of Roses
|Species Involved||Hybrid Product|
|Hybrid Perpetual Rose and Chinese Tea Rose||Hybrid Tea Rose|
|Hybrid Perpetual Rose and Australian Brier Rose||Yellow Permet Rose|
|R. multiflora and R. chinensis||Hybrid/Dwarf Polyanthas or Poly Pompon roses|
|Hybrid Tea Rose and Floribundas||Grandifloras|
|R. wichuriana, R. multiflora & Hybrid Tea Rose||Dorothy Perkins, American Pillar, Excelsa|
|R. canina and R. gallica||Albas|
|R. phoenica and R. gallica||Damaskas Rose|
|R. damascena and R. alba||Centifolia Rose|
|Autumn Damask Rose and China Rose||Bourbons|
- Roses may be grown in any well-drained soil with optimum sunlight.
- Most Rose varieties are grown by budding on an understock (lower portion of a plant) propagated from seeds or cuttings. Order rose seeds online and let your garden be filled with the marvellous color and fragrance of roses.
- Clay soils, warm temperatures are always preferred, and the rose plants grow best when not set among other plants.
- Cow manure is the preferred fertilizer for Rose cultivation, but other organic fertilizers, especially composts, are also used.
- Rose plants usually require severe pruning, which must be adapted to the intended use of the flowers.
- Trim off all broken and bruised roots on the Rose plant, cut top growth back to 6 to 8 inches.
- Dig planting holes at least 6 inches deeper to accommodate the roots of the Rose plant without crowding or bending.
- Mix 1 tablespoonful of fertilizer with the soil placed over the drainage material.
- Cover this mixture with plain soil, bringing the level to desired planting depth.
- Make a mound in the center to receive the Rose plant.
- Set Rose plant roots over this mound, spread the roots, and fill in with soil.
- Firm the soil tightly 2 or 3 times while filling the hole.
It is extremely easy to buy rose plants online if you do not wish to go to the trouble of actually planting one. They usually come with a care manual and some plant food. An already flowering plant in a lovely container also makes a great gift item. The blooms stay longer and after they fade there is always the next flowering, thus providing the receiver with a lasting and beautiful gift.
Noisette Roses are the only Roses that originated in the United States of America.
Rose Plant Care
- When watering Roses, soak the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, do not merely sprinkle.
- When it comes to fertilizing your roses, Provide a balanced diet to your roses. See what your plant is deficient in and try to include them in the fertilizer. Timing is also an important part to maximize the benefit of your fertilizer so that the nutrients are available to the plant when it needs it most during the active growing and blooming stage.Order your rose fertilizer now to enhance the vigor of blooming in your roses.
- Mulching during the summer will eliminate weeds amonf Rose plants. Mulches should be applied 2 or 3 weeks before the Roses come into bloom.
- Winter mulching with straw, peat moss, or other material is advisable. This mulch regulates the soil temperature and tempers the effects of freezing and thawing on thr Roses.
- Pull soil up around each Rose plant to a height of about 6 inches after the first frost.
Foolproof Guide to Growing Roses by Field Roebuck is a comprehensive book on growing roses ideal for would-be growers who were always afraid of roses, as well as for gardeners who already grow these beautiful flowers and want to learn more.
Rose Varieties: What Are Some Different Types Of Roses
A rose is a rose is a rose and then some. There are different rose types and not all are created equal. Keep reading to learn more about the kinds of roses you might come across when looking for one to plant in the garden.
Different Varieties of Roses
The first roses started with the Old Garden or Species roses. Old garden roses are those that existed prior to 1867. Species roses are sometimes referred to as wild roses, such as Rosa foetida bicolor (Austrian Copper). Other varieties of roses, to some degree, are products of these types. With so many rose varieties available, how does one choose? Let’s take a look at some of the most common along with their descriptions.
Hybrid Tea Rose and Grandiflora
Probably the most commonly thought of roses are the Hybrid Tea (HT) rose bushes followed closely by the Grandiflora (Gr).
Hybrid Tea Rose has a large bloom or flare at the end of a long cane. They are the most popular roses sold at florist shops – generally upright growing plants from 3-6 feet and blooms available in most colors, except blue and black. Examples include:
- Double Delight
- Mr. Lincoln
Grandiflora roses are a combination of hybrid tea roses and floribunda with some having one-bloom/flare stems and some with cluster blooms/flares (my Australian friends tell me that they call the blooms “flares”). The first Grandiflora rose bush was named Queen Elizabeth, which was introduced in 1954. Grandifloras are typically tall, elegant plants (growing to a 6 foot height is not uncommon), which bloom repeatedly during the season. Examples include:
- Queen Elizabeth
- Gold Medal
- Miss Congeniality
Floribunda and Polyantha
There are Floribunda (F) and Polyantha (Pol) rose bushes for our gardens as well.
Floribundas were once called hybrid polyanthas. In the 1940s, the term floribunda was approved. They can be shorter bushes with smaller blooms in beautiful clusters of vibrant colors. Some bloom singularly, resembling the hybrid tea rose in form. In fact, disbudding some of the roses will lead to a bloom that is very similar to a hybrid tea. Floribundas with a cluster blooming habit make great landscape bushes, bringing gorgeous eye-catching color to the landscape. Examples include:
- Angel Face
- Betty Boop
- Tuscan Sun
Polyantha rose bushes are generally smaller bushes but very hardy and sturdy. They like to bloom in pretty clusters that are approximately one inch in diameter. Many use these roses for edgings or hedges in their gardens. Examples are:
- Gabrielle Privat
- The Fairy
- The Gift
- China Doll
Miniature and Miniflora
The Miniature (Min) and Miniflora (MinFl) roses are also quite popular and are very hardy plants that are grown on their own roots.
Miniature roses can be small compact bushes that work well in containers/pots on the deck or patio, or they can be bushes that will nearly match the floribundas. Their height is usually between 15 and 30 inches. It is important to research the growing habit for the miniature rose bushes to be sure they will work in the garden space or pot available. A good rule of thumb for these roses is that the word “miniature” refers to the size of the blooms, not necessarily the size of the bush. Some examples of miniature roses would be:
- Daddy’s Little Girl
- Lavender Delight
- Tiddly Winks
- Bees Knees
Miniflora roses tend to have an intermediate bloom size that is larger than the miniature roses. This classification was adopted in 1999 by the American Rose Society (ARS) to recognize the evolution of the rose with their intermediate bloom size and foliage that is between that of the miniature roses and the floribunda. Examples include:
- Foolish Pleasure
- Sleeping Beauty
- Memphis Music
Shrub (S) roses are good for large sized landscape or garden areas. These are known for their more sprawling habit, growing from 5 to 15 feet in every direction, given the right climate and growing conditions. Shrub roses are known for their hardiness and feature large clusters of blooms/flares. Within this group or type of roses are the English Roses hybridized by David Austin. Some examples would be:
- Graham Thomas (English rose)
- Mary Rose (English rose)
- Distant Drums
I really cannot think of roses without envisioning Climbing (Cl) roses growing elegantly up and over an ornate arbor, fence or wall. There are large flowered climbing (LCl) roses as well as miniature climbing rose bushes. These, by nature, love to climb up nearly anything. Many require consistent pruning to keep them within a given area and can easily grow out of control if left without care. Some examples of climbing rose bushes are:
- Awakening (LCl)
- Fourth Of July (LCl)
- Rainbows End (Cl Min)
- Klima (Cl Min)
Last, but certainly not least, are the Tree Roses. Tree roses are created by grafting a desired rose bush onto a sturdy standard cane stock. If the top part of the rose tree dies, the remaining portion of the tree rose will not produce the same blooms again. Tree roses need special attention to grow in cold climates, as without such care, the top desired part of the rose tree will freeze and die.
*Article Note: The letters in parenthesis above, such as (HT), are the abbreviations used by the American Rose Society in their published Selecting Roses Handbook.
Types of Roses
Introduction to Types of Roses:
There are so many different types of roses out there that growing them is an incredibly satisfying experience for many gardeners, some of which dedicate their entire lives to creating new and exciting varieties for the rest of us to enjoy. Selecting roses is often a difficult choice because there are just so many to choose from. Caring for them can often be just as difficult because some varieties require much more attention than others. In this section we will cover everything you ever wanted to know about roses.
Floribunda Types of Roses:
Floribundas are some of the most colorful roses you’ll find in any landscaping ideas. These different types of roses have only recently been developed in the past century and will produce blooms as large and as showy as the hybrid tea roses, they will also bloom more vigorously with clusters ranging up to fifteen blooms. Floribundas are exceptionally versatile bushy shrubs and will fit well into any sunny location.
Among this type is the Day Breaker. This upright floribunda produces a multi-colored bloom the blends from yellow to pink to apricot. The blooms can grow as big as 4 inches across with up to 35 petals each. This variety grows into a medium size bush that is about 3 feet across and 3 feet high.
Another type of floribunda is the Livin’ Easy. This constant bloomer is best suited for mass plantings and it will produce elegantly ruffled orange flowers with up to 28 petals each
Hybrid Tea Types of Roses:
Hybrid teas are among the most popular roses that gardeners will buy. These are the long stemmed varieties that grow tall and make ideal roses for cutting or buying at your local florist. Most often the hybrid teas will have one rose per stem rather than growing in clusters like some other varieties. The blooms themselves you will notice have a high center point. Many of these varieties offer and exception fragrance and these are traditionally planted as the focal point in a traditional garden.
One such variety is the Memorial Day hybrid tea rose. This rose is truly stunning with a pink bloom that can grow as big as 5 inches across and contain up to 50 petals each. This variety is a vigorous rose that not only is a great performer but it is also very disease resistant and it thrives in hot weather. This is one such rose that is very easy to grow for beginning gardeners.
Another stunning example of a hybrid tea rose is Love & Peace which will absolutely mesmerize rose lovers with its unique coloring and fruity fragrance. Each bloom can grow up to 5 inches and will reveal large golden flowers that are edged with pink trim.
Shrub & Landscape Types of Roses:
These are the varieties that have changed many gardeners’ perceptions on roses. One of the reasons is because of how naturally resistant to diseases they are. They tend to bloom much longer than other varieties of roses over a fairly long growing season. Because they are naturally compact plants, they will require very little pruning which is a joy for most growers. They also tend to do well across a wide range of climates as well with minimal attention needed from the grower.
A beautiful example of a landscape shrub rose would be the Lady Elsie Mae that produces stunning coral colored blooms all through the summer and into the fall months. This particular variety is well suited for container growing as well, making it all that much more versatile. The blooms will cluster on stems ranging up to 20″ long.
Or you could plant the AARS winner from 2000, the Knock Out Rose. This variety grows to roughly 3 feet tall and will keep blooming well into late fall, producing amazing clusters of brilliant red flowers blooming in cycles about every 5 to 6 weeks
Miniature Types of Roses:
The miniatures are the smallest of all the rose plants you are going to find and you will be amazed at how much attention these little roses can draw. They typically will grow as short as 6 inches and as tall as 2 feet depending on the variety. These also tend to be very hardy roses that like to flower continuously, making them exceptionally well suited for container growing. You can also use these little beauties in instances where space is an issue, such as a small patio or balcony.
If yellow is one of your favorite colors then try the miniature rose Sun Sprinkles. This little gem will absolutely burst to life early in the growing season and it will continue to impress throughout with its stunning blaze yellow blooms that are sure to add a spark to any of your landscaping ideas.
You could also plant Child’s Play into your favorite container or planter and set it next to your favorite sitting area outside. This amazing plant will grow about 2 feet tall and form a nice dense little bush that produces gorgeous white blooms that are edged in pink. You could plant this variety in a window box outside of your favorite window so you can see it every day!
Grandiflora Types of Roses:
Grandifloras are a cross between the hybrid tea roses and the floribunda roses. Grandifloras tend to be elegantly tall plants that offer the classic clustered flowers of a floribunda, with stems that are a little shorter than the hybrid tea rose. These varieties will bloom repeatedly throughout the growing season which makes them wildly popular among rose growers. The varieties of this type typically grow upwards of 6 feet tall.
A novel version of a grandiflora would be the About Face rose. What makes this variety unique is the blooms are reversed from most roses with the lighter yellow color on the inside of the petals and a rich orange reddish color on the outside. This is very different from most varieties. This variety is extremely vigorous and produces long stems.
If traditional roses are more your thing you could look into the Crimson Bouquet rose. This variety offers a gorgeous classic red rose that comes on lush clusters of blooms with dark green leaves. While this variety is not quite as tall as other grandiflora, it has an exceptional resistance to most diseases that afflict roses.
Climbing Types of Roses:
Climbing roses are among some of the most popular roses that you will find anywhere. One of the biggest reasons they are so popular is because of how large some of these varieties can grow at full maturity. Some will get as big as 30 feet tall! Not everyone has room for a rose that grows that big but there is a lot of versatility in these roses that make them attractive options for many growers. If climbing roses are your thing, there are a great many different types of roses for you to choose from!
If you are looking for traditional red roses, you may want to look into the classic Don Juan climbing rose. This rose has a strong fragrance and deep rich red blooms that bring a certain elegance and romance to any garden space you want to give it. The Blaze climbing rose is another great red climber that adorns many garden pillars and trellises around the world.
Perhaps you are one of those growers who likes the classic white rose look. Not to worry, take a look at the Iceberg climbing rose and see if that tickles your fancy. I personally have one of these in my own garden and even though white is not one of my favorite colors, this climbing rose is indeed one of my favorites.
If you are like me and yellow climbing roses are your thing, then you just have to check out the Lady Banks climbing rose. Not only is this rose an absolute stunner but it is also nearly thornless! You can also consider the yellow Casino rose, as well as the Golden Showers climbing rose. Both of which are absolutely gorgeous and will provide you with all the bright yellow blooms you could ask for. Be sure to check out all the many different types of roses in our climbing roses section at the top of this page.
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Different Types Of Roses
Rose Information About Rose Types
With many thousands of different types of roses available, It can be confusing and difficult to find the right rose for your garden.
But no matter what type of roses you would like to buy, be sure it’s the type that fit your garden situation and climate zone.
So it’s very convenient that information on different rose types, and roses of all different types, are being grouped in various ways with names of roses and rose types.
So how many different types of roses are there?
To make it easier for you to find the answer to that question, I have grouped them according to their date of introduction.
Although most roses are decidious, roses can be evergreen in mild climates.
However they all need to be pruned every year to flower well and look well.
Rose stems are sometimes quite prickly, and may be erect, arching, trailing, or scrambling.
Roses are prized for their for their lovely, often fragrant flowers.
Many rose types carry their blossoms in clusters, but some, notably hybrid teas tend to bear their flowers singly, one bud per stem.
Types of roses
The most popular type, available in both bush and standard form. The flower stems are long and the blooms are shapely. The typical Hybrid Tea bears blooms which are medium-sized or large, with many petals forming a distinct central cone. The blooms are borne singly or with several side buds. Height is usually 1.5m to 2.0m, and up to 1.5m width.
The Floribunda bears its flowers in clusters or trusses, and several blooms open at one time in each truss. They are unrivalled for providing a colourful, reliable and long-lasting bedding display of small to medium size blooms. Height is usually 1m to 2m, and up to 1m width.
Miniflora roses are the smallest of the roses with flowers that are usually less than 5cm across. Generally the bushes grow to no more than 50 cm in height. They are suitable for edges and as pot plants. Miniflora roses generally have blooms and foliage larger than Miniature roses and smaller than Floribunda roses.
Large bushes, often tall and spreading with many branching canes of a lax arching habit. The modern shrub roses are ideal to fill areas of the garden with colourful and healthy roses that bloom freely all season.
Hybrid Tea, Floribundas, Shrubs or Miniatures are budded onto a single stem of a standard height, that is, 75cm to 90cm tall. The rose grows to its usual height as a bush on top of the stem. Gives height to a garden and allows under-planting.
Budded onto 1.5m to 1.8m tall stems, flowering canes are long and pliable, cascading downwards towards the ground. They are best grown as specimen plants.
Climbing, Rambling and Pillar Roses
These roses produce long climbing canes which are supported on a frame as a screening plant, on a single post as a pillar, or over an arch. They are of various sizes to suit wide uses in a garden. Ramblers with long pliable stems, bearing large trusses of small flowers are usually only spring or summer flowering. Most climbers repeat their flowers from spring to late autumn.
Low spreading plants to 50cm in height with small flowers in profusion.
Old Garden, Species and Heritage Roses
These roses include a wide collection of historic and very old rose types, usually only spring flowering but very beautiful. Species are the original old roses, which often have decorative seedpods known as hips.
Rose Buying Guide
Hybrid Tea Roses
Large flowers borne singly, or several to a stem. They are the most commonly grown roses.
Height 1.5m to 2.0m, and up to 1.5m width.
Floribunda or Cluster Flowered Roses
Small to medium size blooms come in clusters; are usually very colourful and ideal for massed planting effect.
Good for a hedge row 1m to 2m tall and 1m width.
Standard or Stem Roses
Hybrid Tea, Floribundas, Shrubs or Miniatures are budded onto a single stem of a standard height,
ie: 75cm to 90cm tall. The rose grows to its usual height as a bush on top of the stem.
Gives height to a garden and allows under-planting.
Climbing, Rambling and Pillar Roses
Producing long climbing canes which are supported on a frame as a screening plant, on a single post as a pillar, or over an arch. Of various sizes to suit wide uses in a garden. Ramblers are usually only spring flowering. Most climbers repeat their flowers from spring to late autumn.
Budded onto 1.5m to 2m tall stems, flowering canes cascade downwards.
Best grown as a specimen plant.
Roses in miniature, small flowers on a very low bush. Suitable for pot plants.
Large bushes, often tall and spreading with many branching canes of a lax arching habit.
Low spreading plants to 50cm in height. Small flowers in profusion.
Heritage and Species Roses
A wide collection of historic and very old rose types, usually only spring flowering
but very beautiful. Species are the original old roses, which often have decorative seedpods known as hips.
Choose roses that will grow well in South Australia.
Click here to view the Recommended Roses of the South Australian Rose Society.
Roses can be ordered from rose catalogues available in autumn from rose nurseries.
Click here to view South Australian and Interstate Rose Nurseries.
Roses are available for sale either as “barerooted” in plastic bags with the roots surrounded in damp saw dust or growing in a pot. Barerooted plants are dormant – they have no leaves or flowers and are only available in winter. Roses growing in pots are available for sale all year round and are actively growing with leaves and possibly flowers. Whether you choose barerooted or container plants make sure that they have strong green canes.
All roses are grafted onto rootstock suitable for the conditions where they will be grown. Roses sold in SA generally are on Dr Huey rootstock while roses sold interstate will be on different rootstocks. Grafted means that the top part of the rose with the flowers that you have chosen is attached to a stem and roots of a different variety. The result is a strong and healthy rose bush. Roses can be grown on their own roots but generally will be smaller and less vigorous.
Roses are probably the most popular flowering plant in the world.
Roses are hardy, deciduous, prickly bushes that require plenty of sun, neutral to alkaline soils and plenty of water & fertiliser in summer. They are also arguably the most famous flower in the world, prized for their beauty and often their fragrance.
Roses come in red, yellow, pink, mauve, white and shades in-between. Some varieties are fragrant. Some varieties are free flowering, which means they produce successive crops throughout the summer. Most popular roses, particularly Icebergs, are free flowering and will produce flowers from mid spring until the end of the autumn. Some of the old fashioned roses and some of the climbing and weeping roses only have one spectacular flower per year.
There are four main types of roses, and many rose varieties are available in multiple types. Hello Hello Plants & Garden Supplies offer all in a huge range of varieties to suit your needs:
Standard Roses: These are roses that have been grafted or budded onto a tall, straight cane, giving them a “ball on a stick” look. They’re a popular item for a formal garden, and look great mixed in with bush roses or informal cottage style plantings.
There are a few simple steps to follow to have healthy roses. A well cared for rose can give a lifetime of pleasure.
Some roses are more resistant to fungal problems than others. The most resistant are the carpet roses and icebergs, with many other varieties showing good disease resistance.
If you need help choosing whether to plant bush or standard roses or in deciding which rose variety will give you the colour, fragrance and disease resistance you require, just ask out staff.
We have also provided a very comprehensive rose guide on our website, categorized by colour, style, plus with some lists of the top roses for fragrance, cut flowers and mass flowering. Visit our guide here.
Why Choose a Standard Rose?
A standard rose is a rose bush on a tall stem. These can be used effectively to give height to a particular bed in your garden. The main advantage of standard roses is that they leave plenty of room at ground level to grow other shrubs, hedges, groundcovers or flowers. Standard roses can look very elegant and give your garden height.
Care of Weeping Roses
A weeping rose is a climbing style of rose that has been grafted or budded onto a very tall rose cans. These need to be supported by a rose ring to hold them up and give them a full shape at the top be fore they cascade to the ground.
The delicate pink Rodox Bouquet rose.
To Plant Roses in Winter
Dig away grass and weeds from the planting site. Spade the ground over to a depth of 30cm add 3kg of ground agricultural limestone or dolomite lime per m2 of garden bed in the planting area if the soil tends to be acid. Locate the old soil level on your rose bush by wiping the trunk clean with a rag near the base and noting where the trunk changes from a greenish to a yellowish coloured section, occasionally black streaks are seen.
The point of the colour change is the old soil level on the trunk. Before planting roses trim off any damaged roots and branches. Dig a hole in the cultivated area big enough to allow the roots to spread out, mix some Devotion™ Planting Mix For Wet Feet, Heavy & Clay Soils if you have heavy clay soil, or Devotion™ Sandy & Loamy Planting Mix if your soil is sandy/loamy into the soil at the base of the hole and mound the bottom up to spread the rose roots over. Then holding the old soil level at the natural soil level fill the soil back in, mixing in the Devotion™ Planting Mix as you go. Do not fertilise dormant roses at planting as they are asleep and don’t require food.
In summer when planting roses from pots don’t tease their roots. Slide out of the pot and plant the rootball whole & untouched. Plant with the soil level of the potted roses level with the surface of your garden.
Once roses are planted drive in a stake that can support them. As they grow this is particularly important with standard roses. The stake should be at least 25 cm taller than the graft so that the head, which is the most valuable part of the plant can be attached to the stake, this will prevent the head from blowing off.
When you purchase your bare rooted roses from Hello Hello Plants & Garden Supplies, they are wrapped in moist packing material and plastic and should be kept in a cool spot out of the wind and sun until they are ready to be planted. It is best to plant them within two weeks of purchase.
Bush roses, climbers and standards should be spaced between 1-2 meters apart. If they are planted at the later distance you will need to plant other flowers between them so your garden won’t look bare.
Roses are deep rooted and need good occasional soaks in the hot part of Summer, leaves will soon fall if roses are too dry. Roses need to be watered every day in Summer of they are grown in a pot.
In acid soil areas, top dress your roses every year every year with 3 kg per m2 of ground agricultural limestone. Fertilise regularly with your choice of dynamic lifter, Devotion™ Time Release Fertiliser, or a complete rose food. Be sure not to use just nitrogen fertilisers as they will produce too much green leaf and not enough flowers.
Roses love regular cultivation around their roots to aerate the soil. It’s great to cultivate just after fertilising and in summer around the base to help water soak in.
Roses need to be sprayed regularly with mild insecticide and fungicide to kill fungal disease and sucking insects. If you only have a few roses and don’t want to waste time mixing chemicals, consider using garden aerosol insecticide and fungicide. There are safe and mild spraying alternatives such as pyrethrum and cleansol. If you are unsure as to what spray or when ask our staff. When the weather turns cold after mid May normally get black spots and mildew, professional rose growers attempt to control this last fungal attack as they see it as beneficial and helping the rose into dormancy.
There are two main pruning times.
Summer: Pick off all the dead flower heads or cut the flower stems and use for indoor displays. This encourages new flowers by stopping the rose using energy on dead or dying flowers.
Winter: This is the serious pruning time.
1. Remove all the new, soft growths.
2. Cut back the old wood, leaving only a leader for next season.
3. Remove all the suckers, these are buds that are growing from the understock and are found below the bud union.
4. You should cut it back so that it resembles a claw, don’t worry if you think you have been too ruthless. The plant should have 4-5 main leaders ready for next season.
Climbing roses have to be dealt with slightly differently. For the first two years the only pruning should be the removal of unwanted canes and the other canes should be tied to a trellis. To allow the plant to bush out, at the end of autumn cut off the last 45cms of the cane. These roses should be deadheaded similarly to the other varieties. A good quality pruning kit is recommended for this process, consisting of secateurs and strong gloves.
Roses Now for Sale:
Best Rose Varieties for…
Top 10 Most Fragrant Roses
Top 11 Best Roses for Cut Flowers
Top 12 Best Roses for Mass Flower Displays
Choose Roses by Shape
2ft Standard Roses
3ft Standard Roses
4ft Standard Roses
Roses by Colour
White & Cream Roses
Apricot & Orange Roses
Purple & Mauve Roses