- Learn About Tuberose
- How to Care for a Tuberose
- Tuberose Planting Guide
- Choosing a Growing Site
- Soil Prep
- When to Plant Tuberose
- How to Plant Tuberose Bulb Clumps
- During the Season
- At the Season’s End
- Insider Tips
- All about Tuberose – History, Meaning, Facts, Care & More
- History of Tuberose
- Tuberose Meaning
- Facts About Tuberose
- How to Care for Tuberose
- Order Tuberose Bulbs Online
- Three Convenient Payment Choices:
Learn About Tuberose
Alternaria Leaf Spot: Small, round reddish brown spots with white to grey centers form on the upper surface of the leaves and along the midrib. The lesions may encircle the stems and cause wilt. This disease is worse in warm, wet or very humid weather. Burpee Recommends: Avoid getting water on the foliage. Remove infected plant parts and do not work around wet plants. Provide plenty of air circulation. Contact your Cooperative Extension Service for fungicide recommendations.
Bacterial Leaf Spot: First signs are small translucent spots with a broad yellowish edge that slowly enlarge and become angular or irregularly circular with a reddish center. It thrives in cooler temperatures. The disease may also affect and disfigure flower heads. Burpee Recommends: Remove infected plants. Rotate crops with plants in a different family. Avoid overhead watering. Do not work around plants when they are wet.
Botrytis: This fungus causes a grey mold on flowers, leaves, stems and buds. It thrives in cool wet weather conditions. Burpee Recommends: Remove affected plant parts, avoid watering at night and getting water on the plant when watering. Make sure plants have good air circulation. Contact your Cooperative Extension Service for fungicide recommendations.
Root Knot Nematodes: Microscopic worm-like pests that cause swellings (galls) to form on roots. Plants may wilt or appear stunted. This is a serious problem in many Southern states. Burpee Recommends: Do not plant into infested soil. Try planting ‘Nema-Gone’ marigolds around your plants.
Sclerotinia: Also called white mold, this fungus looks like a spider web crawling on the surface of the growing medium. It can climb onto plants and kill them in time. Burpee Recommends: Decrease humidity and increase air circulation. Avoid overcrowding plants.
Common Tuberose Pest and Cultural Problems
Aphids: Greenish, red, black or peach colored sucking insects that can spread disease as they feed on the undersides of leaves. They leave a sticky residue on foliage that attracts ants. Burpee Recommends: Introduce or attract natural predators into your garden such as lady beetles and wasps who feed on aphids. You can also wash them off with a strong spray, or use an insecticidal soap.
Slugs: These pests leave large holes in the foliage or eat leaves entirely. They leave a slime trail, feed at night and are mostly a problem in damp weather. Burpee Recommends: Hand pick, at night if possible. You can try attracting the slugs to traps either using cornmeal or beer. For a beer trap, dig a hole in the ground and place a large cup or bowl into the hole; use something that has steep sides so that the slugs can’t crawl back out when they’re finished. Fill the bowl about ¾ of the way full with beer, and let it sit overnight. In the morning, the bowl should be full of drowned slugs that can be dumped out for the birds to eat. For a cornmeal trap, put a tablespoon or two of cornmeal in a jar and put it on its side near the plants. Slugs are attracted to the scent but they cannot digest it and it will kill them. You can also try placing a barrier around your plants of diatomaceous earth or even coffee grounds. They cannot crawl over these.
Spider Mites: These tiny spider-like pests are about the size of a grain of pepper. They may be red, black, brown or yellow. They suck on the plant juices removing chlorophyll and injecting toxins which cause white dots on the foliage. There is often webbing visible on the plant. They cause the foliage to turn yellow and become dry and stippled. They multiply quickly and thrive in dry conditions. Burpee Recommends: Spider mites may be controlled with a forceful spray every other day. Try hot pepper wax or insecticidal soap. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for miticide recommendations.
Thrips: Thrips are tiny needle-thin insects that are black or straw colored. They suck the juices of plants and attack flower petals, leaves and stems. The plant will have a stippling, discolored flecking or silvering of the leaf surface. Thrips can spread many diseases from plant to plant. Burpee Recommends: Many thrips may be repelled by sheets of aluminum foil spread between rows of plants. Remove weeds from the bed and remove debris from the bed after frost. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls.
Vine Weevil: This insect cuts irregular notches in leaf margins and grubs feed on plant roots, sometimes causing the death of the plant. Adults are approximately 5/16 inch long, dull black with dirty yellow marking on the wing cases. The grubs are c-shaped, 3/8 inches long, with light brown heads. Burpee Recommends: Handpick adults at night, shake the plants over newspaper to dislodge them. Check under pots where they hide during the day. Check with your Cooperative Extension Service for pesticide recommendations.
Rajanigandha or the Polianthes tuberosa, the tuberose, is a perennial plant related to the agaves, extracts of which are used as a note in perfumery. This plant is called as Rajanigandha in India, which means ‘Fragrant at Night’.
The tuberose is a native of Mexico and is heavily used in the manufacture of various types of perfumes. Its sweet fragrance is used to make scented candles, soap and essential oils. It is mostly grown in the southern hemisphere but can do nicely in the north if planted in a sunny protected location.
Tuberose bulbs also do well when planted in pots and containers. They can be used as accents in mixed beds, planted en mass or used for borders in your garden.
Tuberose flowers grow on spiking stems that stalk up to three feet high. The beautiful, white, ten-inch tubular shaped flowers grow between sword-shaped leaves. There are both single and double flowering varieties to choose. Compared to other plants, they take more time to develop and to produce flowers.
Growing Rajanigandha at Home
Plant tuberose bulbs in spring after all danger of frost is gone from your area. These flowering bulbs like high temperatures and cannot be left in the ground year-round, unless you live in zones 8 and above.
Plant tuberose bulbs in a spot where they will receive a full day of sun. Growing Tuberoses prefer to be kept on the dry side and need rich well-drained, somewhat sandy, soil.
They won’t do well if their feet are stuck in the mud all day. Before planting, watch your chosen location for any puddling after rain.
Tuberose bulbs needed to be planted at a depth where they will have two inches of soil above their heads and spaced approximately eight to ten inches apart. Water thoroughly after planting and then at regular intervals if natural rainfall doesn’t occur weekly. Also, tuberose is a big eater and needs plenty of 8-8-8 fertiliser during the growing season to do well.
Pruning the Plant
Your tuberose flowers will bloom in mid to late summer. Tuberose plants make lovely scented, cut flowers for use in bouquets and vases. Cutting the flowers will not damage your plants as long as you use a sharp pair of shears during their removal.
After the bloom is gone from your tuberose plants, leave the foliage intact until it dies back naturally and continue watering as usual. The foliage provides nutrition for the bulbs, and if cut back, your bulb will not flower next year.
Once the leaves of your tuberose plant have turned yellow, it is safe to cut them back. After the first light frost of the season (in zones 8 and under) carefully dig up your tuberose bulbs to remove them.
Let them air dry for about a week before packing them away in a cool, dry place for winter storage. A paper bag filled with peat moss makes an appropriate bed for overwintering your bulbs.
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How to Care for a Tuberose
white tuberose image by Florin Capilnean from Fotolia.com
With sweet-smelling, showy white blooms, tuberose (polianthes) is a beautiful, old-fashioned addition to the flower bed. The tuberose plant, which is easily grown from bulbs planted in late spring, will reach 2 feet in height at maturity and the waxy double blooms will appear in autumn. Tuberose blooms can be cut and used to create floral arrangements.
Plant tuberose bulbs in a sunny location in soil that drains well. Tuberose bulbs grow in clumps, which should be spaced 8 to 10 inches apart.
Water the area generously. You should see growth in two to four weeks. Keep the soil moist throughout spring and summer.
Fertilize tuberose plants every other week during spring and summer using a balanced liquid fertilizer, such as 8-8-8. Apply the fertilizer according to the directions.
Cut tuberose for flower arrangements as often as desired. Keeping the blooms clipped will encourage the plant to continue blooming.
Remove foliage from the plant when it turns yellow and dies down in autumn. Don’t remove the foliage while it’s still green as the leaves provide nutrients so the bulbs can grow the following year.
Dig up the bulbs with a spade or garden fork just before the first frost. Dig several inches away from the plant to avoid cutting into the bulbs. Brush excess dirt off the bulbs and lay them in a cool, dry place for one to two weeks or until the bulbs feel dry to the touch.
Place the tuberose bulbs in a cardboard box filled with peat moss. Store the box where the temperatures will be maintained between 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit and never allow the temperature to drop below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
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Tuberose Planting Guide
Delight your nose. That’s the real reason to plant tuberose. Oh, yes, don’t get us wrong, tuberose flowers are pretty. Lots of waxy white blooms progressively opening up a 30” stem; very nice. But the fragrance. Oh, my. Spicy, intense and exotic. Strongest in the evening. Not the sort of scent you’ll find in most backyards in Columbus, Philadelphia or Indianapolis.
But you could.
This spring, plant tuberose . . . spice up your fall.
Choosing a Growing Site
Choose a site with good strong sunlight. Tuberoses originate in warm, sunny regions and like heat and humidity. Especially in areas with cooler summers, a full sun site is needed to develop strong plants and well-budded flower stalks. Sites with hot afternoon sun are ideal.
If you are planting in the ground, look for a site that drains well. Tuberose bulbs may rot in soggy soil. These plants are fairly heavy feeders and grow best in nutrient rich soil. If your soil is average or lean, dig in some compost or aged (not fresh!) manure to enrich the soil. For container planting, start with a balanced commercial mix and add pelleted slow-release fertilizer, according to package directions, to feed your plants all summer.
We know a gardener who has great luck getting her tuberose to sprout more quickly by planting in a black pot and siting the pot on an asphalt diveway. Tuberose love heat.
When to Plant Tuberose
Tuberose bulbs need a long growing season to reach the flowering stage. To grow tuberose in regions with shorter seasons, start the bulbs indoors. Planting inside 6-8 weeks before your last frost date allows the bulbs to wake up, begin to develop roots and start sprouting before being placed outdoors. These plants need about 5-6 months to reach the flowering stage. For gardeners in zone 5, for example, starting the bulbs indoors in March is ideal for late September blooms.
Plant outdoors in spring when frost danger has past, the soil has warmed and night temperatures are about 60 degrees. Tuberose plants come from bloodlines native to Central and South America and don’t handle frost or chill well. Roots and sprouts both grow faster and stronger in warm soil.
How to Plant Tuberose Bulb Clumps
Some sellers offer individual tuberose bulbs, which are a bit bigger than a large pearl onion. We work with a grower who allows us to buy full clumps of multiple bulbs. These produce more flower stems, more blooms and lots of killer fragrance. Good stuff.
Dig holes 6” deep and add half the loose, amended soil back in the hole. Place your tuberose clump with the growing points facing upwards into the hole. Those points will produce green sprouts. Cover with 2” of soil, pat to eliminate air pockets and water well to settle the soil around the bulb. Plant clumps 8-10” apart; tuberose don’t appreciate being crowded. Alos, larger pots with greater soil volume tend to hold moisture longer and therefore are less likely to dry out. Water sparingly until top growth emerges and plants are actively growing.
If winter comes early to your part of the country, consider planting your tuberose in a large pot. This allows you to move the plants indoors if an early frost is expected and then move the pot back outside for a few more weeks of growing after the threat has passed.
During the Season
Tuberose need 1.5” of water a week from rain, irrigation or a combination of the two. Don’t let the plants dry out. Tuberose are also heavy feeders, so they need regular fertilizing when grown in a pot. Choose a fertilizer that’s light on nitrogen as that prompts foliage grown. A tip for reading a fertilizer box/bag: the three numbers listed tell you the amounts of nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium or the N-P-K amounts. Phosphorous supports the development of buds and blooms, so focus there. A good balance for tuberose would be 8-8-8. Use according to package directions.
Cut those wonderful flower stems when the bottom florets start to open or move potted plants close to patios and decks.
At the Season’s End
In zones 8-10, simply leave your tuberose in the garden; they’ll overwinter successfully. In colder regions, you can treat your tuberose like annuals and replace in the spring. Or, you can wait until the grassy foliage yellows, lift the bulbs, trim off the leaves and store in peat moss in a cool (45-55 degrees), dark place. Replant in spring.
- Cut tuberose stems last longer and more of the florets open when a floral preservative is used. Here’s our favorite recipe: To 1 quart of lukewarm water, add 1 teaspoon of bleach to fight bacteria, 2 teaspoons of lemon juice to modify the pH and 2 teaspoons of sugar to feed the cut stems. Mix well and use this as your vase water.
- Florists hold cut flowers in coolers and tuberose don’t respond well to chilling. This is why commercial tuberose often have brown bud tips and florets don’t open. Grow you own and savor the real beauty of clean white, full open flowers all the way up the stem.
(Images provided by AFIF)
Part of the Asparagaceae family, the Tuberoses Flower – or Polianthes Tuberosa by its botanical name – is a highly fragrant perennial flower that is related to the agave plant. Although this flower receives its official name from the Greek word that means “many flowers”, the tuberoses is actually native to Mexico. The Aztecs were the first known people to cultivate this flower and they called it Omixochitl, which translates into English as bone flower.
This flower has much meaning around the world and plays popular and important roles in many cultures. In India, the tuberoses are used frequently in weddings as garland and decorations, and this flower is also used in various cultural rituals. In Iran, the tuberoses’ oil is extracted and used to make a perfume. In Hawaii you will commonly see the tuberoses incorporated into leis. It is also used all over the world as a funeral flower.
The interesting thing about the tuberoses is that it is considered a night blooming flower. This is a rare attribute for flowers to have. Because of this, many cultures have named the flower accordingly. The Hindi name is Rajnigandha which means “night-fragrant” and its Bengali name is Rajoni-Gandha, translating to “scent of the night”. The Chinese name means “night fragrance” and the Indonesian name translates to “night fragrant flower”. A legend in France says that young women should avoid the tuberoses after nightfall when the flower blooms and the aroma grows. The smell is said to encourage these young women to get into trouble.
Add this fragrantly potent flower to your garden with ease. Use richly nutrient, well-draining soil and make sure they are exposed to full sun. Florists recommend planting these flowers 6 inches apart, and if you’re growing from bulbs, plant them about 2 inches deep. Water regularly to help these plants bloom. Upon success, the tuberoses should be between 2-3 feet in height. Flowers bloom in mid-late summer. They also make a great cut flower, lasting 7-10 days on average.
Also visit our Tuberoses Life Cycle page.
All about Tuberose – History, Meaning, Facts, Care & More
Tuberose is a popular cut flower in different parts of the world, including United States of America, china, France, and India. The blooms usually open during nighttime, giving that delicious fragrance and wonderful color of white. In fact, it is recognized to have a covetable scent incomparable all throughout the world.
The tubular flowers of Tuberose are mostly snowy white in color. It is native to Mexico but can be found in every part of the world, too. Its flowers are common in many flower arrangements and bouquets ideal for weddings, garlands, funerals, and altars.
The tube-like blooms come in long and narrow sprouts turning to spikes that usually reach up to 45 centimeters. The rich and sultry flowers bloom at night and become very noticeable because of the distinct sweet fragrance. The scent will soon fade out when flowers are cut from its plant. However, the beauty and elegance of the bloom remain noticeable.
The snowy white flowers of tuberose have been used in the perfume manufacturing industry. Among the popular varieties of Tuberose include the Mexican Everblooming, which is a type with single flower, and the Pearl, which is a type with double flower.
History of Tuberose
Tuberose is a perennial plant that belongs to the Asparagaceae family and Agavoideae subfamily. Originating from Mexico, this flowering plant has a botanical name of Agave amica. Its common name, Tuberose, was derived from the Latin word “tuberosa” and French word “tubereuse” which both means swollen.
The flower of Tuberose was first described in 1753 as Polianthes tuberosa by Carl Linnaeus, while in 1753 it was described as Tuberosa amica by Friedrich Kasimir. At the present time, these descriptions are considered one and the same species. The name Agave amica was published by Joachim Thiede and Rafael Govaerts in 2017 after several attempts.
In the 17th Century, the flowers of Tuberose were widely used and distilled for use and manufacture of perfumery. It was French Queen Marie Antoinette who first recognized the scent and used it by the name Sillage de la Reine and Parfum de Trianon. The scent was a combination of Tuberose, Jasmine, Sandalwood, Cedar, Iris, and Orange blooms.
Tuberose is a flower symbolic of wild pleasures or primordial passion. This is because of its seductive fragrance. In addition, this flower is also given to refer to a passionate affair or love for adventure. For the Victorians, this flower was a symbol of voluptuousness and love. Ideally useful for bouquets, especially for weddings, the sophisticated bloom and distinct scent of this flower create such an impressive and one-of-a-kind design.
Facts About Tuberose
As a member of the Agave genus, this plant is related and synonymous to the Medik or Tuberosa amica, Polianthes tuberosa, angustifolium, Polianthes gracilis, agave tuberosa, and agave polianthes.
Tuberose grows its roots underground in tuberous or tuber roots. They have leaves in dull green color with 1-1.5 feet length and 0.5 inches wide base. This plant is slightly succulent and its spikes reach out up to 3 feet high. The pure white flowers are waxy and in tubular shape with a length of 2.5 inches. The six stamens of the flowers are inserted in the tube. The flower also has a three-part stigma feature.
Tuberose has been a popular choice for many purposes. For 400 years and more, it had been the flower used to create various scents for perfume. The extracts from the flower are combined with other oils and scents. Manufacturers of perfumes use this scent as a stand-alone scent and as an addition to other mixtures. This was one of the reasons why the plant is widely grown in different parts of the world. Cultivation of the tuberose is also widened because of the qualities and scents it possesses. The Pearl Tuberose is one of the cultivars. It has double flowers with broader and darker leaves but shorter spikes.
In India and Bangladesh, Tuberose blooms were collected to make garlands for the wedding events and to offer to their gods. In Indonesia, the flowers are used for local and exotic dishes. Louis XIV of France loved this flower that had Tuberose planted along the flower beds of Grand Trianon located at Versailles.
How to Care for Tuberose
Tuberose can be a great addition to your garden plants. They are easy to grow outdoors in places where the temperature is relatively high. In cold places, this plant can survive the low temperature when kept in pots and containers indoors.
To plant from seeds, it should be done during warm weather or 4 months of warm temperature. For indoor pot planting, it can be started in the early spring and then, move the pot outdoors at late springtime.
The soil for the outdoor beds is well-drained and rich in organic materials to make sure that the plant will grow and develop. You can add peat moss or compost before planting the seeds. If the soil is waterlogged, it is best to scout for another location.
Tuberose also needs full sunlight, but if it gets too hot and sunny, providing shade for the plant will prevent it from wilting. Watering the plant generously is also helpful, especially when the soil is too dry. Adding fertilizers may be helpful but tuberose is a type of plant that is hard to feed. According to top florists and gardeners, 8-8-8 mixture is the ideal balance for this plant.
During blooming stage, it is beneficial to the plant to cut several flower stems. This will make the plant more productive throughout the period and in the next blooming season. The freshly cut fragrant and snowy white flowers are perfect for a beautiful bouquet.
Do you like scents? If yes, then this is the flower for you! Tuberose has a fragrance that is rich, exotic and at the same time is not overpowering. Not only is the fragrance a delight to your senses, but its appearance is pleasant and gorgeous too. Tuberose has long, narrow, light green leaves, and the plant grows about 25-30 cm tall. The flowering stalk is about 75-100 cm in length land has 25-50 florets spike.
BENEFITS OF TUBEROSE
- Tuberose oil can relieve a person of stress and anxiety. It can calm down the agitated nerves by giving a soothing sensation.
- The oil extracted from tuberose can also help in reducing inflammations relating to respiratory and nervous system.
- This essential oil also stimulates and increases blood circulation throughout the body.
NAMES OF TUBEROSE
Common names: Tuberose
Indian names: Rajnigandha, Sugandraja
Botanical name: Polianthes tuberosa
CHARACTERISTICS OF TUBEROSE
Life-Cycle: Perennial/annual (depending on growing conditions)
Height: 2 to 3 feet
Width/Spread: 1 to 2 feet
Flowering Season: Year round
Varieties: Calcutta Single, Mexican Single, Phule Rajani, Prajwal, Rajat Rekha, Shringar, Khahikuchi Single, Hyderabad Single, Pune Single, Arka Nirantra, Calcutta Double, Hyderabad Double, Pearl Double, Swarna Rekha, Suvasini, Vaibhav.
Design Ideas: Containers or Hanging baskets
Sunlight: This requires full sun but can be grown indoors with bright light.
Water: As tuberose grows, provide roughly 1–1.5 in. (2.5–3.75 cm) of water once a week. Tuberose prefers this to more frequent watering in smaller amounts.
Sowing season: Tuberose bulbs are best planted in early spring , but this requires a warm climate with a growing season at least 4 months long
Sowing method: –
Care: Plant in soil that drains well and has a pH of 6.5-7.5
Pests: Thrips and aphids are usually disrupt the plant. Use general pesticides to fight them.
Harvest: – For loose flowers, individual flower is plucked regularly which are used for various purposes whereas for cut flower the spike is cut from the base so that longer spike is available.
Propagation: Bulbs are used for propagation.
With this, we have come to the end of our blog. We hope that you liked the read.
Order Tuberose Bulbs Online
“THE mighty GOD, even the Lord, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.” Psalm 50:1 KJV
It is our family tradition here at the TnTuberose Co. to provide the best service, fair prices, and quality bulbs to every order that we process for our valued customers. Sherry and I ask to receive your trust from us. We will always work with each of our customers in any way to insure that your tuberose needs are met. To visit our tuberose farm please contact us and to see the “blooming of the tuberoses” in Tennessee come during July thru Sept.
“You will be completely satisfied with your bulb order”
Three Convenient Payment Choices:
Ordering Bulbs: The best time to place your orders are during the months of Feb.-April for spring planting and Aug.-Oct. for fall planting. This flower thrives in full summer sun and blooms for you best in late July-Sept.(3 to 4 months after planting).The fragrance and beauty of the tuberose will attract hummingbirds, honeybees, and butterflies into your flower gardens. Once your payment is received we will ship your order in 7 to 10 days via U. S. Mail. Upon delivery of your bulbs please open and unpack. Bulbs need to be “aired out” until time to plant. Thank you.