Trimming pineapple plant leaves

The pineapple plant is a perfect indoor plant, and is an increasingly popular choice. Here, we’ll explain how you can take care of, and grow, a healthy pineapple plant in your own home.

A study by NASA showed the potential of using indoor plants, including the pineapple plant, to reduce local pollution and also help relieve certain breathing conditions like sleep apnea through air purifying.

More commonly, pineapple plants are grown indoors as a houseplant just because they look good. They are a great conversation starters, and also last a long time, with some varieties able to grow for 10+ years!

Important to note; a pineapple plant can only product one fruit, so once you’ve picked it, you need to re-pot a propagation material (like the crown, or base) and start again.

Pineapple plants are typically low maintainence so long as you keep them in a good temperature range of 20°c to 30°c, water regularly, and provide the right size pot to grow in.

Pineapple Plant Varieties – which should you choose?

Some pineapple plants you can buy online are the same full-sized specimens as those grown on commercial pineapple farms. Commonly they will be a cultivar of ananas cosmosus called MD-2, which is a more tolerant and easier to grow variety of the smooth cayenne pineapple.

Most plants available online are delivered with a pineapple fruit already growing, so you won’t be left with a fruitless wonder. You can expect to keep these on your window in bright sunlight for a good 3-6 months before the fruit can is picked.

When the pineapple is ready (is around the size of an orange) you can remove and enjoy. Once the fruit is removed, an offset should appear which can fruit in following years. An entirely new plant can even raised by cutting off the leafy crown and planting in compost.

If you’re in the US, Amazon has a good number of pineapple plants to buy, including the (rather rare) Hawaiian ‘White Jade’ variety, available from some retailers. last checked December 2019

If you’re in the US, Amazon has a good number of pineapple plants to buy, including the (rather rare) Hawaiian ‘White Jade’ variety, available from some retailers. last checked December 2019

If you’re in the UK, you can order an edible ananas cosmosus plant reliably from YouGarden

For a more decorative longer lasting, non-edible variety of pineapple to adorn your decor, you can grab one of the ‘dwarf’ varieties of pineapple listed in this knowledge guide.

Pineapple Plant Care – tips for keeping your plant healthy

It’s very important that your pineapple plants see maximum sunlight. For most people living in the Northern Hemisphere, you’ll get most sun throughout the day if your plant is positioned at a south, or south-west, facing window. In the Southern Hemisphere, a north, or north-east facing window will give your pineapple plant maximum sun benefits.

A cool tip to finding out your ideal sun orientation is to use Google Earth.
If you search your own address, and then click the Sun icon, it will allow you to see the sun light based on season and time of day.

How often should a pineapple plant be watered?

Pineapple plants require a lot of water. Do not allow the soil dry out, and make sure to water your plant regularly. We recommend watering the pineapple plant compost (or soil) that it’s planted in. Staying moist is key! Some horticulturalists also recommend pouring a small amount of water in the cup of the pineapple plant leaf.

This should be done at least once a week, filtering all the way to the bottom. Ideally, your plant should be in porous soil which will drain away any extra water. Moist, not puddled, is what you are aiming for.

Using Fertilizer with your Pineapple Plant indoors

Once a month, you can add some extra fertilizer to your a pineapple plant to encourage growth. We recommend a balanced fertilizer and, depending on the site of your plant and pot, use approximately one half a tablespoon of a slow-release formula sprinkled on top the soil. It should be worked around one half inch deep into the soil for best results.

Pineapple Plant Mold solution

Even with the best of attention and care, some times a pineapple plant can be infected by mold, or unpleasant critters. Avoiding a ruined harvest is very important and – with a little planning and preparation – you can avoid anything terrible like your pineapple plant leaves turning yellow.

The most common problems with pineapple mold are top rot and root rot. These common fungal problems are caused by overwatering, or having your pineapple plant in a poorly draining (like clay-based) soil. Bad!

If your plant has overly drooping leaves, or dead leaves around the center of the plant, you need to act quickly.

To solve pineapple plant mold and rot, you can repot the plant in clean and dry soil that drains properly. A sandy loam soil is suitable.

Protecting your Pineapple Plant from Pests

Mealybugs love feasting on the sap of pineapple plants. If you spot any waxy and fluffy-ish material building up on the undersides of your pineapple plant leaves, it’s a sign of pest infestation. You can get rid of mealybugs on your pineapple plant by using horticultural oil; spraying affected areas or dipping the whole plant if the bugs are present at the base.

Nematodes are also partial to a pineapple. Once they latch on to your plant, they are difficult to dislodge, so it’s best to begin from basics with a clean pot and fresh soil. Most pineapple plants grown indoors or in a greenhouse will be protected from nematodes, yet it can still happen.

If your pineapple plant is affected by nematodes, best way forward is to continue properly watering and feeding your plant, then dispose of the fruit and replant a crown or base for a new pineapple plant.

Pineapple Plant Health Benefits

Some species of pineapple plant are supposedly able to help snoring and purifying the air.

The jury is still out on some of these claims, yet it is true that (generally speaking), indoor plants are known to boost mental wellbeing and the overall aesthetics of a room.

Growing Pineapples: Learn About The Care Of Pineapple Plants

I would venture to say that most of us consider pineapples to be a rather exotic, tropical fruit, right? While commercial pineapple cultivation does indeed occur primarily in tropical regions, the great news is that you too can grow pineapple plants in the garden, and it’s easy! Read on to find out how to grow pineapple plants and useful information regarding pineapple plant care.

How to Grow Pineapples

Pineapples are a tropical herbaceous perennial belonging to the bromeliad family. They grow to about 5 feet in height with a 3- to 4-foot spread. The idea that pineapples are an exotic, decadent fruit isn’t farfetched. They were first introduced to Europe in the 1700’s where they were delicacies of great value sought after only by the very wealthy.

Growing pineapples really is very simple. Because of their tough leaves, they lose little water through evaporation. They have small root systems like other bromeliads, and are not fussy about the quality or quantity of their soil. Due to this, they make excellent container grown plants, especially nice for those of us whose climate is less than tropical. If you do live in a warmer region, growing pineapple plants in the garden is a match made in heaven.

To start growing pineapples, you’ll either need the top of a store-bought pineapple or if you know someone that is growing their own, ask for a sucker or slip. If you’re using the top of a purchased pineapple, make sure to remove all the fruit pulp as well as the small bottom leaves. Remove the small leaves from the bottom of the suckers too. Just pull them off.

Then, simply dig a shallow hole in the garden or in a pot and plunk the top or sucker into it. Choose a sunny spot, if possible, although pineapples will grow in dappled shade. Firm the soil around the base, and if the soil is dry, give the plant some water.

If you are planting multiple pineapples, give them at least a foot between each plant. Be sure not to plant them in an area that gets standing water or tends to be soggy.

That’s it really. The care of pineapple plants is just as simple.

Care of Pineapple Plants

Pineapples are fairly drought tolerant and can thrive with very little water. If you are in a low water area, or if you never remember to water your plants, a thick layer of mulch should be incorporated to reduce evaporation. You might also want to consider growing your pineapples in a slightly shaded area, especially if you live in a tropical or sub-tropical area.

If, however, you live in a region with plentiful rain, that’s okay too. If you have the pineapple in a pot, be sure it has well-draining soil and drainage holes. Don’t drown the pineapple by overwatering though!

Additional pineapple plant care is minimal. Pineapple leaves uptake most of their nutrition. For the first few months after planting, just leave the plant alone — no fertilizer, that is. After that, you can use liquid fertilizer such as fish emulsion or seaweed extract. Make a diluted solution and use a watering can to apply to the soil and the leaves. Stay away from artificial or concentrated fertilizers, which can burn the plant.

If you use chicken manure, sprinkle it on the soil at the base of the plant and into the bottom leaves. The color of the leaves will be a telltale sign of whether or not to feed the plant. If they get a reddish/purple tinge, it’s time to feed the pineapple.

The ideal way to feed your pineapple is to incorporate compost into the soil prior to planting and mulch heavily around the plant. Some of the mulch/compost will end up in the lower leaves as well as around the shallow root system, and as it breaks down, it will nourish the plant.

The only other thing to pay attention to is if you live in a cooler climate. If so, then you probably have the pineapple outdoors in a pot. Be sure to move the plant inside in an area with lots of sun as the weather begins to cool. Pineapples are no match for frost, so move it inside well before the weather turns.

How to Take Care of a Pineapple Plant

Growing pineapple is very easy as the plant requires a few maintenance. For better plant growth and good harvest, you should take care of certain factors like soil, light, temperature, irrigation, nutrients and diseases.

Pineapple, represented scientifically as Ananas comosus, is a fruit-bearing, herbaceous, perennial plant. Belonging to the family Bromeliaceae, it is native to the tropical and subtropical regions, but pineapple plant can be grown in temperate climates too, under controlled conditions. In modern pineapple cultivation, asphalt-impregnated mulch paper is used by laying over the well-drained soil. The pineapple propagating pieces are then introduced into the soil through the paper. More than 15,000 plants can be fitted per acre of land.

From the gardening point of view, pineapple plants require very low maintenance as compared to other fruit plants. Hence, growing them is very easy. All you need to do is, cut of the upper leafy portion (crown) of the fruit along with 1 – 2 inches of the juicy part and place it in soil. To induce rooting, you can place the crown in water for some days without dipping the leaves. When the roots develop, place it in the garden soil or containers, as per your convenience. You can consider growing pineapple in containers if the climate in your area is cold.

Soil

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Pineapple plant can grow in any type of soil, provided that it is well-drained and rich in organic nutrients. For early and good harvest, plant it in sandy loam soil with good drainage. The pH of the soil should be between 4.5 – 6.5. In case of soil or potting mixture with higher pH value, you can mix sulfur (appropriate amount) in order to achieve the desired acidity. Supplement the soil with farmyard compost or organic fertilizers.

Container

If you are growing pineapple plants in pots or containers, you can choose a small one (about 8 – 12 inch diameter) as pineapple have a shallow root system. Heavy pots like ceramic ones are the best option, as the foliage may cause leaning of the plants in lighter containers.

Light

Native to the tropical regions, pineapple plants grow best in optimum light conditions. In order to ensure that the plants receive maximum sunlight, you can plant them in the sunny area of the garden or south direction of the house. They require sunlight exposure for at least for 6 hours a day for better growth.

Temperature

Pineapple plants grow well in tropical and subtropical climatic condition. The favorable temperature range is between 60 – 75 degrees F. For the tropical climatic condition, the plants can be left outdoors throughout the year. Otherwise, protect the plants from frost.

Watering

Once pineapple plants are well-established, irrigate them once in a week. Over watering should be strictly avoided, otherwise it can lead to root rotting problem. Along with watering the planting soil, mist the leaves occasionally. Doing so helps in maintaining adequate humidity for the plants.

Winter Care

Protecting pineapple plants from extreme low temperature and frosting is imperative to avoid unwanted damage. So, if your area is subjected to extreme cold in winter, ensure that you make arrangements for protection. Those planted outside can be covered with plastic sheets, while the potted ones should be brought inside.

Fertilizers

Supplement the soil with farmyard compost in spring and summer season, when the pineapple plants are performing at their best. You can add solid or liquid fertilizer once in a month. On the contrary, do not fertilize in fall and winter, as they remain inactive during these seasons.

Talking about diseases reported in pineapple plants, pink disease, heart rot, root rot, black rot, yellow spot virus, and fruitlet core rot are some examples. Basically, they are caused by bacteria and fungi, while a few of them are viral diseases. Based on the causal organism and severity, fungicide and pesticide can be used for controlling diseases.

Pests

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The most common pest problem with pineapple plants is attack by mealybugs. Usually, they are spread to the plants by the ants. Hence, controlling the ants is a better option in order to get rid of these destructive bugs. Other damaging pineapple pests include scales, symphilids, mites, thrips, beetles, and nematodes. Using soapy water is an effective and reliable approach to remove these pests.

In a nutshell, growing pineapple requires a lot of patience as the plant bears fruit after 2 – 3 years of plantation. In the first year, the plant produces green healthy foliage. The leaves are serrated and grow about 20 – 70 inch length. In the second year of plantation, the plant produces a flowering stalk that bears fruits later. A pineapple fruit (after emergence) requires about six months to mature. These sequence of events and/or fruit bearing duration may vary depending upon the variety and the growing conditions.

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I can’t tell you how much fun it is to create beauty from kitchen waste. I also really love free plants.

With pineapple (Ananas comosus), you can have both.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

From the leafy top of a pineapple — the part you would normally discard or compost — you can grow a beautiful plant that may bloom and produce fruit.

Let’s get started!

First, We Eat

Select a healthy pineapple at the grocery store that has attractive, healthy-looking foliage. Slice the top part off about 1/2 inch below the base of the cluster of leaves.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

Cut up the rest of the pineapple as you normally would, and chow down as you prepare the top for planting.

Trim away the tough outer “skin” of the pineapple top, and remove a few of the lowest leaves. Place the crown in a sunny spot to dry for three to five days. This allows the moist core tissue to dry and discourages rotting, according to Richard Jauron at the University of Iowa Department of Horticulture Extension and Outreach.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

Next, you can then either place the crown into water or soil.

Water Method

To root the crown in water, insert toothpicks around the perimeter of the crown and suspend it in the water as you would an avocado pit. Alternatively, find a glass container the crown will just “sit” in.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

Place the container in a bright spot with indirect light, and change the water once a week.

Roots should form after 2-3 weeks in the water bath. When the roots are 2-3 inches long, you can transfer the crown into a container of light soil mix.

This method is particularly fun for gardening with children in the wintertime, since they can check on the progress of the roots as they grow.

Soil Method

Use a light soil mix made with perlite or vermiculite and sand. Insert the crown in the soil up to the base of the leaves and place in bright, indirect light.

Keep the soil moist, but not wet. Rooting should occur in 6 to 8 weeks.

If you live anywhere other than zones 10 or 11, you’ll want to keep your tropical plant in a container and bring it indoors before the first frost. Super-southerners may be able to plant directly in the landscape.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

I recommend using a soluble houseplant fertilizer to feed the plant once or twice a month during spring and summer, and just once monthly in fall and winter.

I have to make a confession: I didn’t know any of the above when I started my first pineapple plant from a kitchen scrap. I just cut off the top as I usually do, and stuck it in a pot of who-knows-what soil out in the backyard. And it did just fine on my property in Texas, rooting and growing a beautiful leafset.

To Fruit, or Not to Fruit?

Some folks enjoy these plants as houseplants year ‘round. Others, like me, bring them indoors when it’s chilly but return them to the yard come springtime.

Wherever your plant resides, make sure it gets at least six hours of bright light per day. Allow it to dry out between waterings.

Pineapples are fairly slow-growing, and you might not see blooms for two or three years, if at all. My oldest plant is about three years old and it has yet to bloom. But honestly, I’m just happy with the foliage. If it blooms, that would be a bonus, but I really just like the long, shiny, sword-like leaves.

Some experts say to put your pineapple plant in a plastic bag with an apple, which releases blossom-inducing ethylene gas. This may encourage flowering in two to three months.

If you do get a fruit, saw it off when the outside skin starts changing from brown to yellow. But be careful to beat the greedy squirrels to your bounty!

Mother Nature’s Marvel

I am happy every time I walk by my pineapple plants — I love getting something for nothing. And I love when visitors ask about the unusual plant that’s placed prominently on a walkway in the backyard.

Photo by Gretchen Heber

I get to tell them it was from a fruit our family ate a few years ago, and they’re amazed. And then I tell them to just cut the top off, clean it up a little bit and stick it in dirt, and they’re even more amazed.

Have you ever grown a pineapple plant from a kitchen scrap? Did it bear fruit? Tell us about it in the comments section below, and if you’d like to try your hand at growing another tropical plant, consider ginger. or check out our article on growing tropical flavor intensives and herbs at home.

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Photos by Gretchen Heber, © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Uncredited photos: .

About Gretchen Heber

A former garden editor for a daily newspaper in Austin, Texas, Gretchen Heber goes through entirely too many pruners and garden gloves in a year’s time. She’s never met a succulent she didn’t like and gets really irritated every 3-4 years when Austin actually has a freeze cold enough to kill them. To Gretchen, nothing is more rewarding than a quick dash to the garden to pluck herbs to season the evening meal. And it’s definitely time for a happy dance when she’s able to beat the squirrels to the peaches, figs, or loquats.

Tips for Growing Pineapples

Pineapples (ananas comosus) are hardy members of the bromeliad family. They are usually cultivated in tropical regions. Pineapple growing does not require too much expertise. The pineapple plant does not require excessive watering and fertilizers to grow well. This makes the pineapple one of the easiest fruit plants to grow.

Select a Healthy Pineapple

Visit a store and select a healthy pineapple. Ensure that the fruit that you pick does not have mold on it and has not lost all of its moisture. If a leaf that you try to pull off from the center of the pineapple comes off easily, look for another one.

Separate the Shoot and Stimulating Root Formation

Take the pineapple and carefully cut the leaves just on top of it. Ensure that the stem is separated well from the flesh of the pineapple. The leaves on the outer portion of the stem should be removed leaving only around five to six leaves near the center. Two days is all it takes for the shoot to harden and build resistance to root rot. Do not use too much water to introduce the shoot. Ensure that the leaves are not in contact with the water. Find a bright spot to keep your shoot in for a period of two weeks or until the roots develop.

Proper Planting of the Shoots

Find an appropriate place to plant your shoot. Most professional gardeners recommend the use of 3-gallon pots for planting. Add approximately 3 inches of soil into this pot and push the shoot into the soil layer, making sure that the soil does not cover any part of the leaves. Such an arrangement has often proven to be ideal for the growth of pineapple plants up to a period of at least 6 months or 1 year.

Remove the aged leaves from the bottom of the pot and replenish the soil layer as you observe more growth. Remember that the center of the plant has to be maintained in a dirt-free condition at all times.

Proper Pineapple Spacing

If the shoot is directly planted on the ground, maintain a spacing of at least 12 to 13 inches between the pineapple plants, and place them at an average depth of 2 to 4 inches.

Do Not Overwater

Pineapple plants do not require too much care. A widely followed principle among growers is to water the plants at least once a week. The water can be poured in such a way that it passes through the center of the plant; this not only helps clean out the dirt hidden there, but also supplies moisture to the newly developing roots at the base of the leaves.

Use the Right Fertilizer

When picking a fertilizer for pineapples, opt for one that is rich in nitrogen. Combining liquid fertilizer with some water would be a good way to fertilize these plants, as the retention of dry fertilizers at the center of the plant is far from beneficial for it. Remember to pour down your liquid fertilizer mix in such a way that none of it flows down the plant center.

From now on you can grow your pineapple at home and enjoy both the exotic look and the sweet scent in your living room, on your balcony or in your garden. With our detailed guide you will learn how to do it right and how you will successfully increase your pineapple.

Plant Profile

  • family: Bromeliaceae
  • species: Ananas
  • trivial names: Ananas comosus
  • origin: South America
  • herbaceous, multi-year bromelia
  • height: 50 – 200cm
  • heyday: depending on kind from May to October
  • green, lancet like leaves up to 120 cm long
  • self-sterile blossoms

You do not have to buy expensive pineapples at the supermarket any more, you can grow them at home. All you need for this is sensitivity, patience and the right tending guide for young and adult pineapple plants. Additionally, the pineapple plant will infatuate with its exotic looks as a room plant and it infatuates with its fine sweet scent. In increase just as well as in propagation, the pineapple’s needs are easy to come by.

Care

With the following guide about home-growing and tending to a pineapple plant, everybody can enjoy this plant with its sweet scent, even if he is not experienced.

Location

Generally, the plant likes it bright. During vegetation phase it can be put into full sun, during winter this should be avoided just like the intense noon heat during summer. At tropical temperatures between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius and a location with a humidity around 60 percent the plant grows just like it would at home in South America. Also, the plant should not be exposed to draught or radiator air.

Soil

In principle, the pineapple likes a soil that is loose and water-permeable. A cactus or palm soil are ideally fitted if you keep it in a pot. If the plant is located in a patch you should use a mixture of white turf and sand. Soil that is enriched with perlite optimizes water-permeability and minimizes the risk of waterlogging.

Seeding

Propagation by seed

As a self-sterile plant, pineapple plants to produce fruit do not produce seeds. Only non-consumable pineapples sometimes have a few seeds beneath their shell. In store, seeds are offered for sale rather rarely since it takes way longer to produce a ripe fruit if you seed yourself. For that reason, demand for seeds is very low and the offer limited.

However, for those who wants to propagate a pineapple plant by seed, here is what to do:

  • soak the seed for about 24 hours in tepid water
  • fill a seed-bowl with special seed-soil
  • press the seed into the soil (about 1cm deep)
  • cover it with a thin, loose layer of soil and damp the soil
  • put a glass or transparent foil over the bowl
  • keep the soil evenly moist
  • once the plant has reached a height of about four to six centimetres, it can be pricked
  • repotting is necessary once root have developed

General information concerning propagation by seed:

  • ideal germination temperature: at least 20, at most 30 degrees Celsius
  • location: bright, sunny
  • germination time: up to several months
  • germination probability: about 50 percent
  • ideal seed time: spring

Increase

Since fruit producing pineapple plants need at least two years to produce fruit, increase is sensible if you want to enjoy the taste of plenty of pineapples.

Saplings

The safest and easiest way to increase your number of plants is via saplings. Those are already fully grown child-plants that regularly grow next to the mother-plant.

To grow these to a fully adequate pineapple plant, proceed as follows:

  • uncover two to three centimetres of the upper root bates
  • cut the sprout with a height of at least twenty centimetres there with a sharp knife with
  • seal the wounds with ash or sulphur powder
  • use soil as described in “soil”
  • use a pot of around ten centimetres size
  • fill the pot with soil
  • put a hole onto the soil so that this reaches the first leaf rosette after you put the plant in
  • put the sprout inside and carefully press on the soil
  • pour the sprout with chalk-free water
  • put transparent foil over the pot
  • locate the plant in a light, warm place without direct sun exposure
  • as soon as the first roots can be seen you can repot
  • after repotting, the plant is to be tended like an adult plant and treated with fertilizer
  • ideal time for increase: May/June

Planting

If the temperature is constantly over 16 degrees Celsius, the plant can be put into a patch in the garden from spring to late summer.

To ensure good growth, proceed as follows:

  • dig a hole that has twice the size of the roots bales
  • remove stones, weeds and leftovers of roots
  • merge the garden soil with palm soil or a mixture of turf and sand
  • ground: slightly loamy
  • recommended pH-number: 5
  • planting time: late May

Repotting

Once the plant has outreached the edge of the pot and spring has come you should transfer the plant into a bigger pot.

You should respect that the bottom of the pot is covered with a drainage of cobble, clay shards or quart sand to avoid waterlogging. Use high-end soil as described in “soil” and plant the pineapple so that the undermost leaves are close to the surface of the soil. Pour until surplus water comes out of the drainage holes. Wait 15 minutes until the water stops draining out until you empty the saucer.

Generally: The bigger the plant, the more water it needs. The soil needs to be kept evenly damp without risking waterlogging. With the finger test you can check at what time you should pour ideally. If you can put your finger three to four centimetres into the earth, there is still sufficient water.

  • the water should be chalk free and tepid
  • Rain water is ideal for that purpose
  • you should spray the leaves each two to three days with tepid water
  • make sure no water reaches the leaf rosette

Fertilizing

Since the soil is so damp, nutrients get lost rapidly. Because the pineapple needs those to grow healthily, from end of March/beginning of April to the end of October one should use a liquid nitrogen fertilized should be used fortnightly. An additional potassium – content is of advantage while the pineapple plant needs not much phosphor.

Hibernation

The pineapple planet is not hardy, which means it has to be held appropriately during winter. The temperature should range between 16 and 25 degrees Celsius.

Since the plant does not grow during the winter months, it needs less water and no fertilizer. It is most well close to the window in a bright place. However, it should be too close to a radiator, which lessens humidity and might cause the root bate to dry. Hibernation takes until end of March or beginning of April. From this time on the plant can again be accustomed to higher temperatures and brighter sunlight. If the temperature outside is constantly over 20 degrees, the plant can be put outside.

Multiplication

Propagation of a pineapple plant is done with a common pineapple from the supermarket. You should purchase a pineapple with fresh green leaves, firm pulp and a recognizable sweet scent.

For propagation, follow these steps:

  • separate the upper third of the pineapple with a sharp knife
  • cut the pulp, so that root shoots are enclosed by a thin layer
  • pull the lower leaves downwards
  • dry the top for two to three days
  • fill a pot with a drainage hole with a drainage of clay shards or quart sand
  • use soil enriched with 25 percent perlite
  • put the pineapple with half of the pulp into the soil and press on it
  • around 15 minutes after pouring, empty the saucer to avoid waterlogging
  • put transparent foil over the pot
  • open up the foil each one or two days and damp the soil
  • as soon as the leaf rosette shoots, repot into fresh soil
  • tend the plant like an adult plant from now on
  • propagation temperature: at least 25 degrees Celsius
  • propagation location: bright, not sunny
  • humidity: 60 percent
  • ideal propagation time: from late April on
  • use soil enriched with 25 percent perlite

Diseases

Pineapple plants are generally not very vulnerable for diseases. If these occur, it is mostly due to bad tending which in most cases mean to much moisture.

Root rot

If a pineapple plant is exposed to too much moisture or waterlogging, root rot can develop. This can be recognized by decreasing stability of leaves and trunk as well as decolorizing of the leaves into a yellowish tone. Often, it also results in fruit rot. In this case, you need to dig out the plant and get rid of all rotten roots.

If the disease is advanced, you can remove up to two thirds of the root and you should also cut back the leaves accordingly to force a new, strong growth of roots. After that, the plant is potted into a pot filled with dry soil. Pour the plant only slightly in the first days, after that you can resume normal tending.

Vermin

Mealybug

A typical vermin for pineapple plants is the so-called mealybug. It is the cause of pineapple wilt and makes the plant die by sucking on its roots. The mealybug is hard to recognize, because it lives in the soil. As soon as the plant begins to wilt, one should assume it might be mealybugs and isolate the plant in a first step.

Now, dig out the plant and shower it with high water pressure. Let the plant dry for a couple of hours and repot it into dry, fresh, highly nutritious soil. In most cases, the plant will recover within few weeks and you can resume normal tending.

Varieties

There are a lot of sorts available, although only very few of them are being used commercially. Generally, one distinguishes between five groups of sorts.

Cayenne-sorts

  • which are characterized by special sweetness, like Smooth Cayenne, Kew, Hilo and Baron Rothschild

Queen-sorts

  • which are smaller than Cayennes and feature only few fibres like Natal Queen or Ripley Queen

Spanish sorts

  • which have a lot of fibres, like Singapore Spanish or Red Spanish

Pernambuco-sorts

  • from Brazil or Venezuela, which have no fibres, like Abacaxi or Paulista

Perolera-sorts

  • which are characterized by their firm pulp

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Ananas comosus is a plant that bears beautiful leaves, but what makes the plant famous is its fruit: the pineapple.

Key Ananas comosomus facts

Name – Ananas comosus
Family – Bromeliaceae
Type – indoor plant
Height – 12 to 16 inches (30 to 40 cm)
Exposure – very well-lit while avoiding direct sun.
Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – end of winter or summer

Even though the plant is native to Brazil, it’s perfectly possible to grow your pineapple at home if you follow these growing tips.

  • Read also: health benefits and therapeutic properties of pineapple

Planting and repotting Ananas comosus

Ananas comosus is a plant that requires soil that is rich and well-drained to grow well. Special Bromeliaceae soil mix seems to be the best solution for your ananas comosus.

  • Ananas comosus never grows far-reaching roots, which is why a small pot, about 6 inches (15 cm), is more than enough.
  • You will only need to repot when you want to split new shoots from the main plant.
  • Ananas comosus requires well drained substrate, which is why adding sand is relevant.
  • Ananas comosus roots hate having too much water.
  • Double-check that the pot has a hole drilled in the bottom.

The right place for your pineapple

Ananas comosus requires temperatures that hover between 64°F to 75°F (18°C to 24°C) and never drop below 57°F (15°C).

  • Your Ananas comosus can’t stand the sun’s rays when they touch its leaves directly while indoors.
    So the plant rejoices in adequate light but not direct sun.
  • Absolutely avoid setting it near heat sources such as radiators, because moisture is what this tropical plant needs most.

Ananas comosus also requires elevated moisture levels.

  • In winter, you must rest the pot on a bed of clay marbles or gravel with water filling in the gaps. The pot itself must be set above the water level.
  • Evaporation will ensure the pineapple can pull moisture out from the air.

Watering and fertilizing for Ananas comosus

Regular but moderate watering is called for because Ananas comosus doesn’t usually require a lot of water.

Watering a pineapple plant in spring and summer

Maintain a bit of moisture in the soil mix and provide liquid leaf plant fertilizer every fortnight.

  • Water ideally with water that is already at room temperature and that isn’t hard.

Watering your pineapple plant in fall and winter

Reduce watering and wait for the soil to be dry before watering again.

Also reduce provision of fertilizer down to once a month.

Diseases & issues related to pineapple plants

When grown indoors, most of the common indoor plant diseases may be encountered, such as:

  • red spider mites, scale insects, aphids and also powdery mildew.

If leaves turn yellow or start looking dull, it means the plant lacks light.

If the tips of leaves droop over, it is because the surrounding air is too dry or too warm. You’ll have to increase moisture around the leafage. Try misting the leaves with soft water.

If the plant doesn’t grow and your pineapple plant remains stunted, it’s probably connected to lack of fertilizer.

Learn more about Ananas comosus

This fruit plant is native to Brazil but is now grown in tropical countries across the planet.

As a plant of the Bromelia family, it only bears a single flower in its lifetime.

With its thick, spiny leaves, it’s a wonderfully graphic plant. It does great in modern settings.

It doesn’t require any pollination to produce its fruit, the delicious pineapple.

You can use the leafy tip of a pineapple to start a new plant! This is a rare case of fruit cuttings that are often very successful.

Smart tip about Ananas comosus

Watch out for drafts and gusts: the pineapple plant hates those as much as it hates sudden temperature swings.

Read also:

  • Did you know that indoor plants can cleanse the air of pollutants?
  • Health benefits and therapeutic properties of pineapple

Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Purple Ananas comosus fruit by Julian Hacker under license
Ananas comosus bloom by Josch under license
Roundy spikes by Luis Antonio Salcido Guevara under license

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