Tree with grape like fruit

Jaboticaba Tree

Produces Tons of Sweet And Tangy Fruit

Provide your garden with exotic flare with the Jaboticaba Tree. The Jaboticaba, also known as the ‘Brazilian Grape Tree,’ produces tons of dark colored fruits between the sizes of grapes and plums on its bark.

The tropical Jaboticaba, or Jabuticaba, is a delight to watch as white fuzzy blooms burst among the tree’s older bark, covering the tree with a white sea of petals. Soon after blooming, the cottony blooms quickly become replaced by dark savory fruit. Jaboticabas start growing with light green skin before turning a dark hue of purple.

The grape-like fruit almost covers the entire tree, giving it a unique look. Once the fruit is picked, it’s often instantly enjoyed as a fresh snack. Jaboticabas have a sweet flavor with an acidic zing, similar to a muscadine grape.

With a skin that’s slightly thicker than a grape’s and white flesh on the inside that’s soft and juicy, Jaboticabas are a pleasure to bite into. Their sweet juice has an unrivaled flavored that’s perfect for making jams and wines.

Jaboticaba trees will transform your garden into a tropical paradise with their refreshing fruit and unwavering beauty. Beautiful lush, green leaves stay on this tree all year, but the show really starts once the Jaboticaba Tree starts to shed its old bark.

Layers of older grey bark shed away, revealing layers of younger bark with light tan and beige hues. The colorful bark pops against other darker green hues in the landscape causing it to become the center of attention with its stunning colors.

If you don’t live in a tropical area place your Jaboticaba Tree in a container and bring it indoors during the colder months. This low maintenance tree thrives in both containers and in the ground. Simply give your trees some water and prepare yourself for tons of delicious fruit and brilliant colors.

Jaboticaba Trees sell out fast, be sure to order yours today before they are all gone.

Planting & Care

The Jaboticaba tree (Myrciaria cauliflora) is an unusual fruit tree that which bears its fruit along the bark of the tree. Commonly grown outdoors in USDA growing zones 9-11 without winter protection, it is also well adapted to being grown in a container in cooler climates. This slow growing tree can reach heights of 30-40 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide if planted in the ground, but will stay much more compact if planted in a container. Potted trees will need to be brought in before night time temperatures begins to drop near 40 degrees, although they are tolerant down to 30 degrees.

Choosing a Location: The Jaboticaba tree is a full sun tree but can tolerate a little shade. It needs really well draining soil and prefers a pH of 5.5-6.5. These trees are not salt tolerant or wind tolerant, so they will need some protection from these elements, especially when young.

Planting instructions (in ground):
1) Dig a hole that is 3 times as wide and about 2 inches shallower than the container that the plant arrived in. The shallow hole will allow the plant to be raised slightly making the runoff area better so that the roots do not sit in water.
2) Remove the plant from the container and lightly loosen the roots so that they spread out more quickly.
3) Position the tree in the hole so that it is upright and begin to backfill the hole. Mound the soil up to the crown but do not bury the crown any deeper than it was in the container. Backfill with a mixture of native soil, compost and peat moss depending on the composition of the soil and how well it drains. For poor draining soil use more peat moss or sand, for well draining soil use more compost. Tamp down the soil as you go to remove air pockets.
4) Water well when done but ensure that the soil is not saturated.
5) Mulch the area well to help protect the roots and conserve moisture, this also provides a source of slow release nutrient to the planting area.

Planting instructions (potted):
1) Choose a container that is 1-2 times larger than what the plant arrived to you in, ensure that it has plenty of drainage holes as drainage is essential.
2) Add a little soil to the bottom of the container, a quality, well draining potting mix will work fine.
3) Remove the plant from the container, lightly loosen the root system and place the plant in the container.
4) Fill the rest of the container with the potting mix, making sure to leave about a 1 inch space to the top of the container for ease of watering.
5) Place the plant in a sunny area on your patio, making sure that it is protected from wind.
6) When bringing indoors in the winter make sure to do so gradually and place in the sunniest spot that you have.

Watering: Jaboticaba trees do not like to have wet feet, but while establishing they will need watered regularly to prevent wilting and to assist the roots with establishing. Do not flood the area, allow the soil to dry out about 2 inches down whether in the ground or in a container.

Fertilizing: Since these are slow growing trees, fertilize them in the spring and summer with a well balanced fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 formula to give them a boost in growth for the first couple of seasons. An alternate method of fertilizing would be to add a layer of compost to the top of the root system in the spring.

Pruning: Jaboticaba trees need very little in the way of pruning except to remove damaged or crossing branches. They can be trimmed into a small hedge or for shaping in the late winter or early spring.

Harvesting: These trees can produce fruit throughout the year but the heaviest yield will be in March to April depending on your location. Pick the fruit when it’s the size of a small plum and the color of a dark grape.

Pests and diseases: Although not affected by any serious illnesses, these trees can be prone to rust or fungal issues during times of high humidity and moisture.

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Jaboticaba Tree Seedling

Rare and exotic Jaboticaba Tree Seedlings (Brazilian Grapes)
Bears sweet-spicy-sour fruits with 1-4 small oval flat seeds.

The Jaboticaba fruit, a.k.a. Brazilian grape tree is unusual in that it appears to blossom right out of the bark and trunk of its tree, making quite a remarkable view out during the fruit-bearing period which makes an attractive landscape plant. In addition to being a tropical delight, the fruit also boasts several impressive health benefits that can be attributed to high levels of antioxidants and a good nutritional profile.

The Fruit

  • Succulent looking purple color, sweet and tangy, can be plucked and eaten straight from the tree.
  • Covered by a bitter thick-skinned berry, that is peeled before eating the inner portion of the fruit.
  • Rich in antioxidants, and can used to produce wines and liqueurs.
  • Averages size is 3–4 cm in diameter.

Specifications

  • Moderate to warm climate
  • Grow from sea-level to elevations of more than 3,000 ft.
  • Full sun exposure or some shade.
  • Makes a suitable container specimen
  • Planting spacing: 4-5 ft.
  • Season: September – January
  • Mature Height: 30-40 ft.
  • Mature Width: 15-20 ft.
  • Drought Tolerance: Moderate

Soil

  • Grow best in deep, rich, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.
  • The tree is not tolerant of salty or poorly drained soil.
  • Prefers moist, rich, slightly acidic soil.
  • Although it is not well adapted to alkaline soils, it may be grown successfully by mulching and applying necessary nutrient sprays containing iron.
  • The tree is widely adaptable, however, and grows satisfactorily even on alkaline beach-sand type soils, so long as they are tended and irrigated.

Irrigation

  • Water should be supplied as needed to maintain good soil moisture and prevent wilting, but constant flooding is undesirable. As the root system is somewhat shallow, irrigation is usually required when the upper inch or two of soil become dry.

Fertilization

  • For young plants, half ratio fertilizer at monthly intervals will speed the plant’s very slow growth rate. Any well-balanced fertilizer applied three times per year will keep the plant healthy. Because of its shallow root system, it is suggested that a series of small holes be dug and filled with organic material around the plant’s base. The organic material can contain a balanced fertilizer which will be released during irrigation.

Propagation

  • Usually grown from seeds in South America. These are nearly always polyembryonic, producing 4 to 6 plants per seed. They germinate in 20 to 40 days.
  • Selected strains can be reproduced by inarching (approach-grafting) or air-layering.
  • Budding is not easily accomplished because of the thinness of the bark and hardness of the wood.
  • Side-veneer grafting is fairly successful;
  • And experimental work has shown that propagation by tissue culture may be feasible.
  • As they grow so slowly they are popular as a bonsai plant in places with more moderate weather.

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