- Grow in full sun.
- Soil should drain well, they do not like wet feet.
- Seed directly in Fall or plant a container grown daisy in Spring. (you can start seeds indoors if you like)
- Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart. Dig a hole twice the diameter of the container.
- When placing plant in the hole, make sure the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface.
- Fill around the root ball and firm the soil.
- Water thoroughly.
- Do not over water, this causes overly tall, gangling plants that need staking. Also if they are in shade they will reach for the sun and fall over.
- Water during the summer only if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. (once established these are very drought tolerant and can go without water longer, they just don’t bloom as prolifically)
- When dead heading or cutting for bouquets cut down to a newly forming bud.
- After the first killing frost, cut stems back to an inch or two above the soil line. I sometimes leave them so the birds can eat the seeds in winter but it can look messy. I am not bothered by messes.
- Every spring, apply some compost and mulch to help control weeds.
- Every 3 to 4 years, divide Daisies in early spring or late summer.
- Propagate Daisies
- Deadheading Shasta Daisies – How To Deadhead Daisies
- Deadheading Daisies
- How to Deadhead Daisies
- Federation Daisies
- How to Grow Gerbera Daisy Plants Outdoors
- Gerbera Daisy Outdoor Care Tips
- How to Grow Gerbera Daisies Indoors
- Gerbera Daisy Indoor Care Tips
- Sign in to Blooming Secrets
Seed starting tips can be found here. How to Start Seeds This is how I have started seeds many times but the past few years I have just started later in March in the greenhouse when I really don’t need added lights. You can also put the potted up seeds in a bright windowsill and not mess with the light racks when it is later in the season.
If there is a particular daisy you just love the form of and want a duplicate of it, you won’t get it from the seeds. You have to either take a cutting and root it or divide it at the roots.
I have never rooted cuttings of daisies so I cannot share how easy or hard it may be but I have taken root divisions.
Here is how I do that:
Dig up the plant in Fall or early Spring making sure to dig well around the root ball.
Have a 5 gallon bucket half filled with water ready to dunk the entire root ball into. As the water gently washes away the soil you can see the individual plants and you can prick them apart.
Or you can skip the bucket of water and just cut through the root ball with your sharp shovel or spade.
I have done both and it depends on my mood.
Dunking the entire root ball in the bucket of water gives the roots a good drink . I pot them up in pots or directly back into the garden if I know where I want to place it.
Soon you will have tons of daisies in your borders and beds. There are varieties of heights from short as 12 inches, like this diminutive Silver Princess.
And some daisies grow as tall as 36 inches or more.
Some daisies are hybrids and cannot be propagated by seed.
I love this one called Aglaia, nicknamed Shaggy Maggy. It’s ragged edged, fluffy flowers are just a delight.
Monrovia carries these so check their garden center finder for a store that carries these near you.
There is no mystery as to why Daisies are a cottage garden favorite. Easy to grow daisies fill in swiftly making for great swathes of white to enhance your other cottage flowers.
Go ahead and plant some seeds today or find a neighbor wanting to divide theirs. Garden centers too should carry the hybrids that are just as much fun.
More Cottage Garden Favorites you can grow!
How to Grow Hollyhocks
How to Grow Sweet Peas
How to Grow Morning Glories
Get More Geraniums with Cuttings
Deadheading Shasta Daisies – How To Deadhead Daisies
The world of daisy plants is diverse, all with different needs. However, one thing common to nearly all daisy varieties is deadheading, or removal of their spent blooms.
One of the most commonly asked questions in the gardening realm refers to daisies, specifically Shasta daisies, which seem to be one of the more popular varieties grown. For example, we hear a lot of “when do Shasta daisies bloom?” and “should Shasta daisy be deadheaded to keep blooming all summer long?”
First of all, Shastas normally bloom in summer and will continue throughout fall if regular deadheading is performed. So yes, deadheading Shasta daisies (and other varieties) is a good idea. Deadheading daisies not only improves their overall appearance but will also inhibit seed production and stimulate new growth, which encourages additional blooms. By deadheading regularly, you can extend the flowering season. In fact, this simple pruning technique can produce heavier, longer-lasting blooms in daisy plants.
How to Deadhead Daisies
So how do you deadhead a daisy plant? Learning how to deadhead Shasta daisies and other similar types is easy. The beat time for deadheading your plants is just before the blooms die back completely. In other words, as soon as the flowers begin to fade, wither, or turn brown, it’s time to deadhead. You can either cut the spent blooms with a sharp knife or use pruning shears. Pinching or pulling off flowers does not always provide the best results.
Once you find blooms that are beginning to wilt and turn brown, or even seedheads that may have already formed, you should remove them back to the first set of leaves. For instance, if there are other healthy blooms or buds near the dying ones, cut them off to the point where it meets the other stems.
For daisy varieties that produce single stems per flower, like Gerbera and Shasta, it’s better to cut the individual stem back to the base of the plant where it meets the foliage. If all the blooms are spent, then simply cut the entire plant back to the base of the plant. This will oftentimes stimulate new growth and thus result in additional flowering.
There’s nothing quite as cheery to see growing in a garden as a daisy bush. But daisies aren’t just daisies. These old-fashioned shrubs have been developed and improved for Australian gardens.
Federation Daisies are Australian-bred Marguerite daisies (Argyranthemum frutescens). Federation Daisies were selected from a breeding program in New South Wales for their compact shape, long flowering, appealing colours including white, lemon yellow, pink and carmine, and their range of flower styles from single to anemone form (slightly larger petals) to double. They also have pest-resistant foliage making them low-care plants.
They have proved themselves not just in Australia, but beyond our shores in Canada, Europe, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa and the US. New varieties continue to arrive from the breeding program adding interest and variety to our gardens.
In the garden
Federation Daisies suit a cottage-style garden, but can be also be grown in a formal setting. They are also ideal in pots. Try them in large containers positioned beside steps or an entrance, on a veranda, in a courtyard or around a swimming pool.
These daisies grow as sprawling shrubs (around 60 centimetres high and up to one metre wide), but can be trained as standards (a ball on its stem) or planted as an informal hedge. They also offer a warm welcome if planted against a front fence or beside a garden path.
One of the benefits of including these carefree shrubs in the garden is their long flowering period. Expect Federation Daisies to bloom from autumn to spring with peak flowering in winter and early spring. They also make a great flower to pop in a vase or give to a friend.
All daisies are a top choice for instant colour. Federation Daisies grow rapidly to fill out the space in a new garden bed. They also perform well in coastal locations.
Caring for daisies
Federation Daisies are easy to grow but they do best in optimum conditions with full sun, well-drained soil and protection from frost and cold. However, these adaptable plants tolerate light shade for part of the day and withstand an occasional light frost.
Water well to get plants established and fertilise in spring with a general garden fertiliser. Keep plants weed free by surrounding them with a 2 to 5 centimetre layer of organic mulch.
To keep them in shape and tidy, lightly trim over the plants to remove spent flowers. Never cut daisies back hard. If a plant has become spindly, plump it up by cutting back in several stages, waiting for new shoots to appear before cutting more.
There are many Federation Daisy varieties. Here’s a selection for your garden.
- Bright Carmine Single, bright carmine pink with a yellow centre and a pink eye.
- Sublime Pink Single, large pink flowers with a white ring around a yellow centre.
- Sugar Cheer Many-petalled, bright pink flowers with a yellow centre.
- Summit Pink Single pink flowers with a yellow centre. (Pictured above).
- Summit White Single white flowers with a bright yellow centre.
- Super Duper White Exceptionally large double white flowers.
- Superior Purple Large single purple flowers.
- Surf City Single lemon-yellow flowers with a bright yellow centre.
David’s Garden Daisy Shasta Seeds (500) amazon.com $6.93 $4.93 (29% off)
- Exposure: Full sun
- USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9
- When to plant: Early to mid-spring
- Recommended varieties: White Magic, Ooh La LaSpider, Sante Shasta Daisy
- Pests and diseases to watch out for: Aphids, leaf spot
How to Plant Daisy Flowers
Dig a hole twice as wide as the root ball, then fill soil back in around the plant, keeping it the same level as it was in the container. Water well, and mulch to keep down weeds and preserve moisture.
How to Care for Daisies
These classic perennials have narrow serrated leaves and white flowers with yellow disk centers. They range from about 10 inches to several feet tall and include variations with single, double, frilly, or ruffled petals. They’re not overly needy plants and are fast to moderate growers. Water them well the first season or two while they develop root systems but don’t overdo it. They don’t like soggy soils, and they will tolerate some drought once they are established. Give them a balanced fertilizer in late fall. Divide them in spring or fall when they get too big by digging pieces off the edges with a spade. Some varieties may need staked to stay upright.
Should I cut off the dead flower heads?
Yes! Removing spent flowers (called “deadheading”) encourages re-blooming and helps the plant look neater. Even in types that don’t re-bloom, snipping off old flowers improves the plant’s vigor.
Can I grow daisies indoors?
Nope. Shasta daisies are considered outdoor garden plants, and they won’t do well inside your home. If you want to enjoy a daisy indoors, look instead for Gerbera daisies, which come in many vibrant colors and flower for two to three months.
Are there any other kinds of daisies I can grow outdoors?
Besides the classic white-petaled, yellow-centered Shasta daisies, try English daisies in your garden. They’re dainty, cold-loving plants with broad leaves and short fringe-y flowers that come in shades of pink, red and white.
GROWER TIP: “Divide your daisies every two to three years for better flowering and overall plant health,” says Karl Batschke, global products manager for Darwin Perennials.
Arricca SanSone Arricca SanSone writes for CountryLiving.com, WomansDay.com, Family Circle, MarthaStewart.com, Cooking Light, Parents.com, and many others.
The Gerbera Daisy is a type of daisy that originates in Africa. In the present day, they are cultivated all over the world and known for their bright colors and pleasant aesthetic. Most gerbera daisies that you come across today are probably a hybrid of Gerbera jamesonii and Gerbera viridifolia. Some popular varieties under the Gerber genus are the transvaal daisy and the lollipop gerber.
Gerbera daisies can reach from eight to 24 inches tall and the flowers grow from two to five inches across. They can be grown both indoors and outdoors and are commonly used as cut flowers in Easter bouquets. They come in white, yellow, orange and pink hues.
To help you grow these beautiful flowers, we have a complete guide on gerbera daisy care.
How to Grow Gerbera Daisy Plants Outdoors
When planting this type of daisy outside, it’s important to decide if you’re going to start with a seed or a grown plant. Seeds will take longer but are a cheaper option. A grown plant can be enjoyed immediately but may cost more.
How to Plant Gerbera Daisy Seeds
You’ll need to start your seeds indoors and then move them outdoors when they’ve sprouted and have the strength to weather the seasons. To begin, fill seedling trays with damp potting soil. Push the seed into the soil with the hardened end down and fuzzy side up until the top of the seed is just below the soil line.
Once you’ve filled the seedling tray, cover it with clear plastic and place it in a sunny location that will be an average of 70 degrees Fahrenheit. If the sun is a problem, consider using grow lights. The soil should be kept moist but not too wet.
When the seeds are grown and start sprouting leaves, transfer them to a pot and place outside in a sunny spot. After the plant has adjusted to the change in conditions, you can plant the bloom in the garden.
How to Plant a Gerbera Daisy From Division
If you already have a fully grown daisy plant you may want to divide the flowers to give them more room to grow. To do this, water the daisy plant with one inch of water a day or two before you plan to divide them. In the area where you’re planning on planting the new daisy, mix together about two inches of peat or compost with the top inches of ground soil.
Dig up your original gerbera daisy plant with a garden spade so that you can lift up the entire root ball (about 8 inches deep). Gently brush off the soil and cut through the roots with pruning shears. When dividing, be sure that each daisy division has a crown and healthy roots.
Replant the gerbera daisy division in the new area, making sure the crown of the plant is at ground level. Space the divisions 12 to 18 inches apart. Water with one inch of water and continue watering so that the soil is moist for a couple of months.
Gerbera Daisy Outdoor Care Tips
- Deeply water your plants once a week.
- Water in the morning so the soil can dry throughout the day.
- Keep in an area with full direct sunlight.
- Use micronutrient-rich plant fertilizer.
- Be sure to trim the plant after the bloom starts to wilt to help new blooms grow.
How to Grow Gerbera Daisies Indoors
The gerbera daisy is a common house plant due to its bright and beautiful coloring. To grow them indoors, you’ll need a delicate balance of sunlight and moderate temperatures.
Although this variety of daisy requires bright sun to bloom, a spot on a windowsill may be too hot and end up scorching the leaves. It’s suggested to place it in a location that either gets bright light in the morning and shade in the afternoon or a place that has moderate sunlight all day.
Gerbera Daisy Indoor Care Tips
- When the top soil feels dry, water the plant deeply.
- Let the pot drain completely before returning the plant to its usual location.
- Water at the base, keeping the leaves dry.
- In winter, water sparingly.
- During spring and summer feed the plant with regular fertilizer.
- Remove any blooms that wilt to promote regrowth.
- If the plant grows too big, repot in a larger pot.
Gerbera daisies are a popular flower for both the home and garden. They can also easily be cut and made into a stunning bouquet. Be sure to share the beauty by giving your friends and family a daisy bouquet to brighten up their home.
HomeGuides I Plant Care Today I Den Garden I Gardening Know How
Sign in to Blooming Secrets
There are many different varieties of Daisies. In fact, there are more than 20,000 Daisy species. Here are also some more interesting facts about these pretty flowers:
- They are found on every continent on this planet except for Antarctica.
- Daisies are the largest family of flowering plants and they make up almost 10% of the flowers on this planet.
Daisies belong to the Asteraceae family. Other flowers and plants in this family include sunflowers, chrysanthemums and I know it is hard to believe, lettuce. If a flower is in the daisy family it is categorized by a single flower head with many tiny flowers called florets, which are surrounded by rays of longer petals. The “Aster” in Asteraceae refers to the star-shaped construction of the flower heads.
As we previously mentioned there are many types of and we could not possibly tell you about all of them. Here are six of our favorites:
Bidens are most often seen spilling out of containers. The abundant blooms of Bidens look great on their own or as part of a color combination. This flower is available in yellow, gold, pink, orange, red, pink, or white. Recently, there have been introductions that include different shapes, colors, and patterns. Our favorite one is a new bi-color introduction that is named BeeDance Red Striped Bidens.
Bidens are easy to grow and are one of those annual flowers that do well under many conditions. Once they are established they are drought tolerant. Plant them in well-drained soil with a good amount of organic matter as they are heavy feeders.
Gerbera Daisies are one of the most popular daisies. They are available in many different sizes and come in bright, cheerful colors including orange, pink, yellow, and white. Gerbera Daisies also have different flower shapes (single, double or multiple petals). We really like the Patio variety, which is one of the larger varieties. The flower originates from South Africa and is often used in floral arrangements or garden borders. The plant was named after the German botanist Traugott Gerber.
Gerbera Daisies can be grown from seeds or seedlings. They love the sun and sandy soil. Crown rot is a common problem with these flowers, so make sure when planting seedlings the crown is visible above the soil. If your climate is hot and humid or your garden has heavy soil, it is recommended to plant the flowers in well-drained pots.
What is great about this flower is it can also be a houseplant. They are not the easiest houseplant to grow, but if you have the right conditions, you can get several blooming seasons out of them.
The common name for Helenium is Sneezeweed. This perennial is native to North and Central America. Helenium are fully hardy and thrive in the sun. This pretty flower will brighten your garden late in the season. They come in yellow, brown and mahogany with noticeable yellow or brown centers. The yellow ones are our favorite. To extend their bloom season, try deadheading them and make sure you divide them every couple of years.
The best time to plant them is in the spring. They grow best in rich, moist soils and don’t do well in dry conditions. Regular watering is important to make them thrive. Bees and butterflies love the flowers in the summer and in the winter, the birds pick over the seed heads. They are also deer resistant.
Osteospermums are native to South Africa. The name Osteospermum comes from the Greek osteon (bone) and Latin spermum (seed). It is sometimes referred to as the African Daisy. They are often considered an annual but they are actually half-hardy perennials, which mean they are not entirely hardy and will therefore not survive persistent frosts. When these flowers were first introduced in the 1990’s they were a big hit because of their vivid colors. There have been many new varieties introduced including flowers with different colored centers.
They will bloom profusely in the sun, but since they are a cool-season bloomer they like a little shade. If it is too hot they might not bloom as much but will come back when it cooler temperatures return. Once established they are drought tolerant but grow best with regular watering.
Pericallis is native to the Canary Islands and Madeira. Senetti is the well-known brand name of the Pericallis hybrids. These flowers come in vibrant colors that include blue, magenta, ultraviolet, and bi-colors. Senetti bloom from are early spring to summer and prefer cool weather. The bloom count on this annual flower can be as high as 200 on a plant grown in a 10-inch pot.
Pericallis do best in full or partial sun and rich, slightly moist soil. These easy-to-grow beauties attract butterflies and are deer and rabbit resistant.
This flower was named for the snowy slopes of Mount Shasta in California. Shasta Daisies were first hybridized by famed horticulturist Luther Burbank at the turn of the 20th century. Shasta Daisies have a strong resemblance to the daisies you see growing along highways and in wildflower gardens, but they are actually related to chrysanthemums. Their flowers are much larger than these wildflowers and they bloom more profusely as well.
The best time to plant these perennials is August to guarantee you have plenty of blooms the following summer. Shasta daisies grow best in garden zones 5 to 8 and generally start blooming early in the summer. Once the first blooms are done, if you cut the plant back, and give the plant a little fertilizer, it is possible the plant will bloom again for you in the fall. Butterflies love these flowers but the deer do not. For more details read our post on Shasta Daisies.
Why not try growing one of these Daisy varieties this year. If you do, let us know how you make out!
Photos Courtesy of Jill Mazur