Spider plant falling over

Why Are Spider Plant Leaves Turning Black Or Dark Brown

Spider plants are common indoor plants and can last generations. Their unfussy nature and lively “spiderettes” make an appealing and easy to grow houseplant. Spider plant problems are rare but are usually attributed to too much or too little moisture, excess fertilizer and occasionally insect pests can interfere with plant health. Treating plants with dark leaf tips starts with identifying the cause and then correcting any bad cultivation practices.

Spider Plant Leaves Turning Black

Spider plants are graceful foliage plants. They are from tropical and southern Africa and cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. In warm climates, they are sometimes grown outdoors but in most regions they are grown as houseplants. The plants thrive in almost any light, soil type and temperature provided there are no freezes. Therefore, when a spider plant has black tips, water may be the most influencing factor.

Water stress

One of the most common issues with spider plants is water stress. This can mean too much or too little moisture. Plants should not be standing in a saucer of water and they need high enough humidity to avoid leaf tip burn.

Overwatering is a cause of spider plant leaves turning black or dark brown. The soil should dry out slightly between irrigations. And to add more fuel to the fire, spider plants should not be allowed to dry out completely. If there isn’t enough moisture, the foliage will start to discolor, first at the tips.

Often, the cause is due to situating the plant by a furnace or because it needs to be repotted. Root bound plants cannot uptake moisture effectively but simply moving the plant to a larger container often increases moisture absorption.

Chemical/fertilizer buildup

Among the more common spider plant problems are necrotic leaf tips. The exact color of the discolored tip can be a clue to the issue. Reddish brown tips can indicate excess fluoride in your water, while tan to gray tips can mean the water is toxic with boron.

If your municipality heavily treats water, treating plants with dark leaf tips may be as simple as using rainwater or filtered water to irrigate your plant. You can also use distilled water as an alternative. Flush the soil well with the new water to leach out the toxic substances and any excess fertilizer buildup.

When a spider plant has black tips it is best to start with the water first and move on to other potential causes as this is an easy fix.

Diseases of spider plant

Disease is a big possibility of leaf tips turning black on spider plant. Bacterial leaf blight starts out as light lesions on the leaf tips which gradually turn brown. Bacterial leaf spot and tip burn occurs in hot, humid conditions and is characterized by yellowing in the leaf margin and browning edges.

Increasing circulation, avoiding overhead watering and removing damaged foliage can help prevent the spread of these diseases. Plants also need superior care to withstand the stress of the disease and produce new healthy foliage. If the disease has progressed to the point it is affecting the stems, the plant is going to die and should be disposed of.

Don’t let the name scare you! Spider plants are quick to adapt to any environment and have very few problems, making this plant black thumb approved. They make for lovely window plants or an exquisite plant friend in the office. Learn proper spider plant care, benefits and answers to any questions you may have. Use the menu below to skip to your desired section:

  • Spider Plant Overview
  • Spider Plant Types
  • Spider Plant Care
  • Spider Plant FAQs

Spider Plant Overview

The spider plant gets its name from the little “pups” that resemble a spider’s body and may also produce tiny white flowers off the long stems. The pups and flowers tend to bloom in the Summer. Spider plants were originally groundcover in the tropical rainforests of South Africa and moved into our homes in the 19th century.

NASA research found that the spider plant has air purifying capabilities. This plant can remove up to 90% of the potentially toxic chemicals floating around. Stress can be limited and mental health boosted when the air is purer in a room.

Types of Spider Plants

The South African tropical rainforest houses around 65 different species of spider plants. There is only a handful that we have brought into our homes though. We outlined a handful of the most common spider plant types below.

Chlorophytum Comosum ‘Variegatum’ (Airplane Plant)

The most common of all spider plants, the chlorophytum comosum ‘variegatum’ has streaked leaves. The middle of each leaf is light yellow while the outline is forest green. The plant has lots of charm to fill up space in a room. This variety of spider plants acts as the best air purifier.

Chlorophytum Comosum ‘Reverse Variegatum’ (Reverse Spider Plant)

As the name implies, the outline and the middle of the leaves are the opposite of the variegatum. The outline of the leaves is a pale yellow while the middle is forest green. This type of spider plant is a great way to mix things up — they also grow quite large!

Chlorophytum Laxum (Zebra Plant)

The zebra spider plant looks quite like the ‘reverse variegatum’ but has a much brighter yellow outline on the leaves. This variety does not grow as tall as the others — instead, it tends to grow wider rather than taller. They may be a little difficult to find at any given nursery, so check online where to find this unique spider plant.

Chlorophytum Comosum (Bonnie Plant)

This spider plant variety unfolds curly leaves and curly offspring. The bonnie spider plant looks much like a variegated spider plant, but just curly! They are definitely harder to find than the other common types of spider plants, but people tend to buy plant cuttings to start their own bonnie spider plant.

How to Care for a Spider Plant

As we mentioned earlier, spider plants are black thumb approved, meaning there is no need to stress when caring for them. However, if you find your plant browning or not looking as perky as it should, check our guide to reviving a plant. To avoid any plant harm, follow our spider plant care guide below.

Sunlight: Although not picky with lighting, spider plants thrive best in bright light, as they are known for being window plants. Since they are not selective with their lighting choices, they will do just fine in partial direct sun conditions as well. Be careful that your spider plant does not get too much sun — this is noticeable if the leaves begin to burn.

Water: When you receive your new spider plant baby, water occasionally rather than weekly. The best rule of thumb is to let them fully dry out between waterings. Check the soil with your finger every so often and once the soil has completely dried out, it’s time to water again! Once your spider plant fully matures, you’ll find yourself watering the plant more often.

Temperature: Spider plants like sun, but they also prefer cool temperatures ranging from 55-–5ºF. They are very much an indoor plant since they prefer cooler temperatures but don’t worry if they’re placed in slightly warmer temperatures. Avoid temperatures of 50ºF and below.

Toxicity: The plant is posed as non-toxic, but it can potentially be harmful to cats and if eaten can lead to an upset stomach and vomiting.

Pests: Spider plants are tough when it comes to pests, but they are susceptible to some pest infestations. Aphids, mealybugs, Whitefield and spider mites can eat your spider plant, but this can be avoided by misting your plants every once in a while. If the problem worsens, you may use natural insecticides made with vinegar to get rid of them.

Problems: The most common problem for spider plants is the tips of the leaves can shrivel and turn brown or black. Overwatering is usually the problem, not underwatering. Be sure to let the soil dry out completely before watering again.

Spider plants are from the tropical rainforest, so they prefer humidity. Placing your plant in a more humid room, such as a bathroom, will encourage your plant to flourish and avoid brown or black tips.

Repotting: Wonderful news — spider plants don’t need to be repotted often since much of their growth is through their leaves and plantlets. A major sign that the spider plant needs to be repotted is if the root ball rises above the rim of the pot. Spring is an ideal time to repot spider plants.

Propagation: If you’re unsure how savvy you are at propagating a plant, spider plants are the easiest plants to start with. All you need to do is pot the plantlets, which are easy to spot. The plantlets look similar to miniature versions of the spider plant. Regularly care for your newly potted plantlet to successfully propagate a spider plant.

Common Spider Plant Questions

Have a question about your spider plant? Check out these frequently asked questions and find your answer. If you don’t see your inquiry, feel free to post it in the comments section below.

Why is my spider plant turning yellow?

Yellow leaves often mean there are excess minerals or fertilizer in the soil, meaning you may need to repot the spider plant in more neutral soil. Leaves also turn yellow due to lack of light.

Can you cut brown tips off plants?

You may cut off the brown tips of spider plants by following a few precautions. First, make sure to use sharp scissors to make a precise incision. Second, if most of the leaf is brown, it’s best to cut off the full leaf. Lastly, when cutting, replicate the shape of the leaf with your cuts and leave a small amount of brown tip behind to avoid opening a fresh wound.

How do you save an overwatered spider plant?

Move your plant to a shady area, even though spider plants prefer sun. Then remove all dead or dying leaves. Next, check if the pot your spider plant is in has proper drainage and if possible, create air space between roots. Remove any dead or dying roots as well. Lastly, water the soil once dry to touch. You may treat with fungicide if needed.

What is the best fertilizer for spider plants?

All-purpose, complete, water-soluble or granular time-release fertilizer is fitting for spider plants. Be cautious in over-fertilizing your plant, as the leaves will brown. Use fertilizer sparingly.

In the market for a stunning, easy to care for and air purifying plant? Don’t worry, we’ll sign you up! If you’re looking for a new spider plant to care for, see all of ours here. You’ll definitely need one for every room! Since the propagation is straightforward, you can produce countless spider plants by simply getting one.

If you’re forgetful when it comes to caring for houseplants, check out these houseplant care printables to be the best plant parent out there.

Spider plant, Chlorophytum comosum, is one of the most common houseplants.

Spider plant, Chlorophytum comosum, is one of the most common and well-known of all houseplants. It is especially popular with beginners, being easy to grow and propagate, tolerant of neglect, and able to thrive in nearly any type of condition. It gets its common name from the small plantlets produced on long trailing stems that vaguely resemble spiders.

This clump-forming, perennial, herbaceous plant, native to coastal areas of South Africa, has narrow, strap-shaped leaves arising from a central point. The leaves may be solid green or variegated with lengthwise stripes of white or yellow. The leaves are not flat, but appear channeled or folded down the middle. Plants grows 12-15″ tall. The thick, fleshy roots and rhizomes evolved to store water, allowing it to survive inconsistent watering.

Spider plant produces small white flowers.

Long, wiry stems up to 2 feet long are produced, sometimes with a few small leaves, especially in response to short days and long, uninterrupted nights for at least three weeks, although they may appear at any time of year indoors. Small white, star-shaped flowers are produced at the ends of the stems. After flowering, more leaves are produced at the end of the stems, forming small plantlets. If a flower is pollinated, a leathery, 3-angled capsule-type fruit is produced that contains flat black seeds.

Spider plant helps clean indoor air.

Studies have shown that spider plant is quite effective in cleaning indoor air by absorbing chemicals including formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, and carbon monoxide in homes or offices.

Thick, fleshy roots allow spider plant to tolerate inconsistent watering.

Spider plant is very easy to grow indoors in medium to bright light throughout the year. It does well with average humidity and cool to average temperature, although it can tolerate warmer conditions. Use a general-purpose potting soil or soilless medium. Plants grow and produce plantlets best when slightly pot-bound. But because they grow quickly and the roots can easily become too crowded, they need frequent repotting to do their best.

Spider plant is well suited to hanging containers.

Allow the soil to dry slightly between thorough waterings. Fertilizing every 3-4 months is usually sufficient, or feed more frequently using half strength fertilizer solution. But be aware that heavily fertilized plants may not form as many plantlets and excessive fertilizer may lead to tip browning.

Spider plant generally has few pest problems other than scale insects and mealybugs. Tip burn of the leaves is a common problem that can have many causes. Low humidity, excessively dry soil, salt accumulation and/or chemicals, particularly fluoride or chlorine, in tap water may cause brown leaf tips. Using distilled or rainwater will help prevent tip browning. Overwatering or planting in poorly drained soils can lead to root rot.

Spider plant can be grown as a ground cover outdoors in warmer climates.

This plant can also be grown outdoors as an annual in cool climates. It does well in most well-drained soils and should be bedded out after the last frost. Spider plant is a good addition to containers with its grass-like foliage that makes a nice contrast to other foliage types. It is quite well suited to a hanging basket, where the stems can hang down. Outdoors they need bright light, but can sunburn if grown in full sun. In warmer climates they make a nice ground cover in partly shaded areas in the garden.

Spider plant is easy to propagate.

Spider plants are extremely easy to propagate by planting the “spiders” or plantlets that succeed the flowers in their own pots. Set the plantlet, still attached to the mother plant, on the surface of a pot filled with soilless potting medium and allow it to root before severing the stem connecting it to the mother plant. A bent paper clip or piece of wire can be used to hold the plantlet in contact with the soil until it develops roots. Or, select a plantlet that has already started to develop roots and pot that up. Larger plants can also be divided. They can also be grown from seed, but the seedlings will not necessarily have the same leaf coloration as the parent.

Some varieties include:

  • ‘Milky Way’ has leaves with green margins and a broad white to cream center, creating a much lighter overall appearance than other cultivars.
  • ‘Vittatum’ has dark green leaves with a wide, creamy white stripe down the center of each leaf. It tends to be slower growing than the green types.
  • ‘Variegatum’ has relatively broad green leaves with white margins. This cultivar tends to produce fewer plantlets than other types.
  • ‘White Stripe’ has a narrow white to cream line down the central leaf vein that is lost as the leaf ages. The flower stalks are cream to yellowish instead of the normal green.

– Susan Mahr, University of Wisconsin – Madison


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Wilting Spider Plants: Reasons A Spider Plant Leaves Look Droopy

Spider plants are very popular houseplants, and for good reason. They have a very unique look, with small little plantlets dangling on the ends of long stalks like spiders. They’re also extremely forgiving and easy to take care of – they don’t require much at all in the way of special care. Sometimes, however, you may encounter spider plant problems. Wilting spider plants are not uncommon, though they’re usually easy to cure. Keep reading to learn more about what to do when your spider plant looks wilted.

Why a Spider Plant Looks Wilted

So if you’re asking. “Why is my spider plant wilting,” you’ll need to do a bit of troubleshooting. When spider plant leaves look droopy, it can mean one of several things.

Water – One obvious problem is improper watering. Spider plants need a good amount of watering during the summer – the soil should not be allowed to dry out. Overwatering can also cause problems, however, with wilting and yellowing plants. Don’t let the soil get soggy in the summer, and in the winter let it dry out between light waterings.

Light – The wrong amount of light or heat can also result in wilting spider plants. Spider plants do best in bright but indirect sunlight, like in a south-facing window or a space outside that receives less than 6 hours of sunlight. Overheating, a problem that often comes with too much sun, can also cause wilting spider plants.

If your spider plant has been drooping in bright direct sunlight, give it a good soak in a bucket of water for 15 minutes, then move it to a shadier, cooler spot. Of course, spider plants do need some sunlight. If your plant is wilting in full shade or far from a window indoors, move it to a sunnier spot and see if it perks up.

Fertilizer – If your spider plant leaves look droopy, it may also be a problem with soil quality. You should feed your spider plant with a balanced fertilizer every other week in the summer and less frequently in winter.

Repotting – If your spider plant looks wilted and you can see roots coming out of the drainage holes, your plant is outgrowing its pot. Transplant it to a bigger pot, and water and feed it well.

Spider plants can be a little fussy about water and light requirements, but they’re also very durable. If you notice your plant wilting and act to fix it, it should bounce back with no problem.

Colorado State University

The common houseplants Chlorophytum comosum go by the common names of “spider plant” or “airplane plant.” They are typically grown and sold in hanging baskets. The plants fill the baskets with graceful, thin strap-like leaves. In response to the shorter day lengths of fall, mature plants will send out long branches with a small cluster of white flowers on the end. Small plantlets develop after the flowers. Plantlets can be rooted for new plants; remove them from the main plant and place them in moist potting soil or water.

Spider plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight, but exposure to direct sunlight will result in leaf scorch. Day-time temperatures in the moderate range, 65-75°F, are preferred. Spider plants are sensitive to cold temperatures, and it is best to move them away from cold windows during the winter.

As with other houseplants, spider plants require less water when they are not actively growing in the fall and winter months unless they are placed in a drafty location near a heat register. Size of the plant, growth activity, environment, container size and type, and soil mixture all play a part in determining the frequency of watering. Check the soil frequently and observe the plant for signs of dryness. Water thoroughly in response to the plant’s needs, allowing a bit of water to leach through the bottom of the container to ensure no salts build up in the soil.

Fertilize spider plants with a complete, water-soluble fertilizer for houseplants. Feed plants once a month during active growth. Refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations to determine the appropriate amount of fertilizer to use. Avoid over fertilization as it is one of the conditions that can contribute to brown tips on the leaves. Other causes include over watering, allowing the plant to become too dry, low humidity and drafty air flow.

Spider plants need to be repotted or divided more often than many other houseplants. They have fleshy roots that will push the plant out of the pot or can even break plastic pots when they outgrow the container.

A great plant for beginners, the spider plant has also been found to be beneficial at cleansing the air of toxic gases in a home or office according to a NASA study.

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  • Foliage Houseplants

For more information on houseplant care please see:

  • Houseplants: Light
  • Houseplants: Temperature and Humidity
  • Houseplants: Repotting

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They’re supposed to be easy to care for, so why is your spider plant dying? Your black thumb isn’t to blame; other factors are impacting the health of your spider plant. In this article, I’ll explain why spider plants don’t always thrive and what you can do about it.

Why is my spider plant dying? Most spider plants suffer when they get too much or too little water, an overload of fertilizer or an insect infestation. You can diagnose the problem based on specific symptoms. For example, black tips on the leaves are usually a sign of a moisture issue.

Spider plant leaves can become discolored for other reasons, though. Read on to diagnose your plant’s issue and learn how to revive it.

Why Is My Spider Plant Dying?

If you think that your spider plant is dying, inspect it to determine the cause. Once you know what’s wrong with it, you can take the proper measures to bring it back to its natural splendor.

What Color Are The Leaves?

Are the tips of the leaves a different color than the rest of the plant? Black or dark brown leaves could indicate that you’re watering it too much. Don’t let the soil become soggy. The surface of the soil should be dry touch before you water it again.

Are the leaves turning yellow? This could be a sign that you’re fertilizing the spider plant too frequently. Yellow leaves can also indicate that the plant is not getting enough light.

If your plant develops rusty, tan or gray tips, it might be reacting to the minerals in water. You could also have a problem with fertilizer buildup.

Is The Plant Drooping?

A wilted spider plant is not getting enough nutrients. This could mean that the soil quality is poor, the exposure to sunlight is inadequate or the plant is outgrowing its pot.

If you’ve been fertilizing it according to the schedule that I describe below, then the problem is probably the lighting. A plant that has been kept in a shady spot might do better in an area that gets more indirect sunlight during the day. Try placing the plant in a cooler, darker space if it’s drooping while exposed to bright light.

Is The Spider Plant Multiplying?

As the days get longer in the spring, spider plants often produce flowers. Those flowers turn into tiny plantlets after they fade. The tiny replicas of the main plant can be propagated, which I describe in more detail later in this article.

You might worry that your plant is dying if it doesn’t produce plantlets. It’s probably not dying. You can still encourage it to produce flowers and offshoots.

If its pot is too large, a spider plant will produce more foliage than flowers. Try moving it to a smaller pot.

You can also stimulate plantlet growth by keeping the spider plant in a room that gets dark at night during the fall. In the spring, allow it to get abundant light.

Sometimes, the plant doesn’t make babies if it gets too much fertilizer. Try cutting down on the feeding schedule.

Do The Leaves Have Spots, Holes Or Residue?

Although spider plants are highly resistant to insect infestations, they can be damaged by pests. Whiteflies create an ashy, black mold on the leaves of the plant. If you disturb a leaf that has whiteflies, it might look like a dusty cloud sprung up around it.

Spider mites make the leaves turn yellow and curl up. Aphids congregate in tiny clusters. Both of these insects can make the leaves sticky to the touch. Check the underside of the leaves for this substance if your plant looks a bit unhealthy.

If you’ve found bugs on your spider plant, but don’t know the best way to get rid of them, read my guide on how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally.

How To Revive A Dying Spider Plant

Before you assume that you need to nurse your spider plant back to health, consider that you may be doing too much already. Spider plants flourish when they’re treated with a little neglect.

What To Do If You Have Water Problems

Most experts suggest adjusting your watering schedule if your spider plant isn’t doing well. If you’re watering your plant too much, slow down. Spider plants aren’t that thirsty.

A general rule of thumb is to water a spider plant when the top inch of soil is dry. Push your finger into the soil to check the moisture level.

The first year that you have a spider plant, you should water it about once a week. After that, you can water it even less. Never let your plant sit in a saucer of water. Also, make sure that the container and potting soil provide adequate drainage.

Read these awesome tips to help you know exactly when to water your indoor plants.

What To Do About Fertilizer Issues

Spider plants are sensitive to minerals. If you’re watering the plant properly and it has discolored leaves, try switching to distilled water. This will prevent the plant from taking up minerals, such as fluoride, that are present in tap water.

In the spring and summer, use a water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks or so. Fertilize the plant every month in the fall and once during the winter. You might need to fertilize your plant even more frequently if it is developing plantlets. You probably shouldn’t fertilize the plant if it’s outgrowing its pot.

This is the fertilizer that I use for my spider plants. My spider plants love it, but make sure to prepare it at half the recommended strength to avoid issues with excess fertilizer. I’ve also written an article about some great natural fertilizer options for your houseplants.

Consider repotting the plant every year with fresh soil. This removes fertilizer buildup that could be causing problems.

Adjust The Lighting

Have you moved your spider plant recently? It may just be adjusting to its new environment. It should return to its normal color and texture soon.

Make sure that it’s not in direct sunlight to avoid scorching the leaves. Spider plants do need some natural light to produce the chlorophyll that makes them green, though. They love humid areas that receive indirect sunlight, such as in a bathroom with a window.

Your plant shouldn’t get too hot, though. Try moving it if it isn’t doing well next to a heater, furnace or stove.

Pruning A Spider Plant

One of the easiest ways to keep your spider plant healthy is to trim discolored leaves. Use sharp, clean scissors or pruners. Snip off any areas that look unhealthy, mimicking the point at the plant’s tip by cutting at an angle. Trim back plantlets by cutting the long stem as close to the base of the mother plant as possible.

Dealing With Pests

Most experts suggest treating a spider plant with as few chemicals as possible. If your plant has bugs, try swabbing them gently with rubbing alcohol. This is especially useful for treating pests that produce a sticky residue.

You can also apply insecticidal soap or neem oil to the plant. Follow the directions on the package. Changing out the soil may improve pest infestations as well.

Read more about the best natural options to get rid of houseplant bugs.

Will Repotting Or Propagating Save Your Spider Plant?

Are you already watering your plant appropriately? Maybe it needs to be repotted. A root-bound spider plant won’t absorb water effectively. Therefore, repotting a spider plant can help it take up the moisture that you give it.

Spider plants have large, tuberous roots, which help the plant survive in periods of drought or when you’re on vacation and forget to hire someone to water your plant. If left unchecked, the roots can break a ceramic or terracotta pot because they grow so quickly.

Move spider plants to a larger container if the roots are visible through the soil’s surface or the pot’s drainage holes. When they’re in an adequately sized container, spider plants will use moisture efficiently.

Spider plants may produce small offshoots during the growing season. These plantlets draw nutrients away from the primary plant. You can trim and discard them. Alternatively, you can propagate these plant babies.

The bottoms of the plantlets root easily. Dangle them over soil-filled pots, and clip them from the main plant when the smaller ones develop roots. You can also snip off the smaller plants and root them in a glass of water before planting them in well-draining potting soil.

Can Spider Plants Live Outdoors?

You might be tempted to put your spider plant outside to revive it if it seems like it’s dying. However, it’s probably not a good idea to shock your plant by moving it from inside to an outdoor garden if it’s suffering. Try following the suggestions above to boost its health and resilience.

Spider plants can do well as perennials in gardens in zones 9 to 11. They also grow as annuals in cooler zones. They require soil that drains well and a shady spot that gets indirect light. Avoid too much sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.

These plants grow aggressively in warm climates. The plantlets will take root wherever they touch the soil.

Some people put their plants outside in the summer and bring them indoors before the first frost. If you would like to do this, wait until your plant is healthy before subjecting it to a dramatic change in climate.

Putting it outside makes it particularly susceptible to pests. If you’ve tried everything and your spider plant is not growing well indoors, though, it wouldn’t hurt to see what would happen if you put the pot outside.

Does My Spider Plant Have A Disease?

It’s rare for spider plants to develop diseases. The most common are fungal leaf rot or root rot, which are caused by overwatering and lack of airflow.

Are Fungus Gnats Harmful To Spider Plants?

Fungus gnats are attracted to the humid environment in and around potted plants. They can be a nuisance for humans but don’t usually harm the plant. Read about the different ways I recommend to get rid of fungus gnats.

Should I Mist A Spider Plant?

In arid conditions, misting your spider plant can improve humidity and help it stay healthy. Make sure that you use distilled water and continue to moisten the soil as usual.

I’m not a big fan of misting houseplants, as there are better ways to improve humidity levels for your plants. I’ve covered 10 of the best ways to improve humidity in this article.

Can Spider Plants Grow In Water?

You can root spider plant babies in glasses of water and keep them there for a few months. Eventually, they’ll need the nutrients that come from soil and fertilizer to flourish into a thriving plant.

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