- Spartan Juniper
- The Most Popular Juniper
- Planting & Care
- Spartan Juniper Sizes
- Chinese Juniper ‘Blue Point’
- The Indomitable Juniper
- The Amazing Juniper Bush – What You’ll Want to Know
- About Juniper Bush or Trees
- Juniper Incense
- Juniper’s Healing Properties
- Consult a Modern Herbalist
- Landscaping Ideas
- Planting And Care Tips
- Juniper Information
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The Most Popular Juniper
Why Spartan Junipers?
The tough yet attractive Spartan Juniper is a fast-growing, highly durable evergreen. In fact, it’s now considered by most growers to be the most popular upright juniper on the market.
Plus, the Spartan’s fantastic tolerance to heat, cold, drought, and salt make it one of the hardiest junipers you can find. That means it’s extremely easy to grow, no matter where you live, especially since it thrives in virtually all soil types.
And it grows in a columnar shape with very dense branches, making it a good selection for those desiring a privacy hedge or wind barrier. So, whether you plant it along streets, fences or even as a standalone, it thrives without effort.
Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better
But the best part about our Spartan Juniper is that we’ve planted, grown and shipped it with care. That means you’ll get an intact, healthy well-developed root system, rather than a bare-root plant, for best results. We’ve done the extra work so that you get an effortless plant.
Get good looks, strong growth and effortless care – it’s just a click away with our Spartan Juniper. Get your own today, before it’s gone!
Planting & Care
1. Planting: The ideal planting area should receive direct sunlight for most of the day with well-draining soil (adding rocks and gravel is a good way to ensure proper drainage). Junipers will also live in alkaline, acidic or mineral lacking soil, making them one tough tree to add to your landscape!
The soil should be thoroughly mulched, watered and weeded prior to planting. Dig a planting hole for your Juniper that’s twice as wide as the diameter and as deep as the depth of the root ball. Gently loosen the roots by untangling them at the edge of the root ball with your fingers and place your juniper in the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the surrounding soil. Fill your hole by packing the amended soil around the root ball and gently tamp the soil down to get rid of any air pockets.
Once your tree is upright and firmly planted, spread mulch around its base, and then water the soil.
2. Watering: Water your Juniper twice a week during its first month; after, it will need to be watered regularly for the first couple months after planting. During periods of extended drought, increase your watering habit to once every week or two.
3. Fertilizing: You can give younger Juniper Trees some fertilizer once a year during the fall season to encourage healthy growth. More mature trees usually only need to be fed once every 2 to 3 years. It is best to apply a slow-release, organic granular formula such as 12-4-8 or 16-4-8 fertilizer into the soil.
4. Pruning: The best time to prune your Juniper is in the late winter to early spring. Cut your new growth back roughly halfway, as this facilitates healthy new growth and helps with the shaping of the tree to keep it attractive. Remove branches growing the wrong direction and any dead branches with hand pruners.
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Spartan Juniper Sizes
Wanderbug – Yes, surprisingly little blackberry in general. The grass from front walk to junipers (love the VW comment!) is 10′. Your photos are handsome so will keep them in mind for the future. Suspect they will first be concentrating on creating a “lounging” space in the back and just try to get planting areas in front figured out for now. The new patio in backyard will be 20′ by 27′ approx., centering on the window in back which is kitchen eating area inside. Don’t know they’ve given much thought to WHAT to do in design of it. They were able to include a new patio in their financing since the existing patio, after 50 years, was slightly sinking toward the house. The new patio will be a cement product…perhaps just laid in a large squares pattern. Such a large area has to have “segments”…don’t know what that would be called…joints? Just enough pattern to keep it from cracking but not enough get into realm of “fancy” or expensive. What do people think? Plain brushed cement or aggregate? Not sure what the style is now when one is doing contemporary patios. I suggested down the road they could eventually do some rectangular, raised planters (could clad them in horizontal, stained slats), maybe incorporating some clean-lined benches (daughter-in-law has mentioned she likes that look) thus tying the back in with any privacy fencing they might put in near front door. Plants in pots will have to do for time being on new back patio. When we rent the trencher for the sprinkler system, we’ll be laying in a French drain at the base of the ivy slope in back to help divert water from the house to the sides of the property. Any hints on constructing French drains? The drain pipes on the back of the house were missing! So once those get repaired and some additional drainage put in, I think the water won’t be such an issue. The house is located right between a “moderate” to “low” earthquake hazard area so that’s hopeful. I purposefully steered them away from houses built in what I call “jello” areas. We also suggested they run a pipe under the new patio as a holding space out toward the ivy slope in case they eventually want to have a gas BBQ or fireplace out there. The Douglas Firs begin immediately at the property line and fill the neighbors property of about 1/2 acre so the needles are definitely acidifying the soil. But, except in tight-squeeze suburbia where all trees have been removed to provide a blank slate, it’s hard to get away from their effect here in NW, as you know. But it keeps the rhoddies, azaleas, etc. happy so you just have to amend for other items. Both front and back lawns have quite a bit of moss. Anyone know of a grass that does better in shade? We’ll treat for the moss then thought we might over seed, adding a grass more shade tolerant…is there one? I know lawns are going out of style but for now and in the homeowners’ stage of life, I think both expansive lawn areas are here to stay for a while. KatherineD – I’ve always torn out the blue violets that have sprouted in my yard…just seemed they had the potential to be such a nuisance. But now one has entered my yard that has a larger bloom and is more of a pink blossom…it looks like an actual plant rather than a weed with a tiny blossom. I can see how you like them – especially in that picture with the large drift of them. After the cement blocks to the side of the driveway and lava rock (ick!) at the bottom of the juniper bed get power-washed, I hope the creeping phlox (blue-ish lavender color) cascading over them will look good. Also thought some wooly thyme mixed in will add color at another time of the year. Thought we might come up with some dark red plants to mix in front juniper bed to tie lava rock in…maybe heuchera? Any thoughts of something low maintenance? Other than the blossoms that shoot up from huechera that eventually should be cut back, the foliage is low maintenance.
Chinese Juniper ‘Blue Point’
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Sun to Partial Shade
Grown for foliage
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
Where to Grow:
Unknown – Tell us
Pollen may cause allergic reaction
Unknown – Tell us
Unknown – Tell us
Unknown – Tell us
Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
From hardwood heel cuttings
Unknown – Tell us
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Fallbrook, California(5 reports)
Mountain View Acres, California
El Paso, Texas
The Indomitable Juniper
Junipers can self-prune some branches to conserve water and ensure the survival of the tree.
Junipers grow very slowly. A juniper standing only five feet tall may be 50 years old. Junipers typically live from 350 to 700 years, with some even passing the millennium mark. Despite their longevity, junipers rarely exceed 30 feet in height or three feet in diameter.
No two junipers ever seem to look alike: some are bushy, some have multiple trunks, and many have poorly-formed crowns that are a mixture of live and dead branches. To conserve water junipers can self-prune, stopping the nutrient supply to one branch in order to ensure the survival of the tree.
Junipers can be identified by their bark, leaves and fruit. The bark is gray or light brown and often hangs in loose, fibrous strips. The leaves are dark green, flat and scaly and do not drop in the fall. The fruit is a pea-sized light blue berry which is actually a tiny pinecone covered with a drought-resistant waxy coating.
Animals find the juniper very inviting. The berries are edible, though they are not as popular as pinyon pine nuts. However, juniper berries are a staple for jackrabbits, coyotes, and a variety of birds. This is important for the tree as well since it helps to disperse its seeds.
Humans have found many uses for juniper. Americian Indian tribes take advantage of the juniper’s medicinal qualities, which include the treatment of stomach aches, coughs, and headaches. The dried seeds can be used for beading necklaces and bracelets and as the “rattle” in rattles. Juniper logs are used to build ceremonial hogans and other structures. Pioneers and cowboys found the rot-resistant wood great for fence posts and shingles, and it has long been favored for firewood. The soft bark has been used as bedding, toilet paper and, when tightly twisted, as a slow-burning match.
Junipers have other important functions as well. Their thick green foliage provides shade in an otherwise shadeless landscape. Their oddly twisted trunks, with branches pointing in all directions, have a mystical quality. Each tree is like a fine work of art that one might find in a museum. While these trees are protected at Canyonlands, in many other locations they are cut down for agriculture, grazing and urban development.
What would a park like Canyonlands be without juniper trees? It would still be beautiful, but perhaps less enchanting. The juniper adds charm, color and splendor, to the landscape. It provides a stark contrast to the lifeless rock, seemingly happy living in a place where few plants can. It is a master of survival in a harsh environment where ultimately rock perpetuates over time.
The Amazing Juniper Bush – What You’ll Want to Know
A friend of mine discovered she had juniper bushes on her property the first year she lived in her house this way: Every year she uses fresh evergreen branches as decoration around her house to make wreaths and garlands.
If she gets the chance, she uses fresh branches she cuts from a live tree. The first year she lived in her house, she decided to check out all the evergreen branches her property had to offer.
She quickly discovered that, in addition, to several types of pine trees, there was a wide blue-green shrub whose branches bore blue berries. She collected a wagon-full and hauled them inside to decorate tables and tops of bookshelves. It wasn’t until the next day that she began smelling something delicious coming from everywhere in her house.
Without knowing they were juniper branches, my friend had discovered just one of the amazing properties of the juniper tree: it’s delicious, sweet, and woody aroma.
If you cut or buy a few branches of juniper for the holiday season, your house will smell amazing for weeks.
About Juniper Bush or Trees
Junipers are indeed small evergreen trees or bushes. They are actually members of the cypress family but some of the species are also called red cedars. There are about 30 species of juniper and they are all native to the Northern Hemisphere, where they are widespread all over Europe, Asia, Japan, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and the United States. You can find them in the Appalachians, Utah, California, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Unlike their larger evergreen cousins, most junipers don’t get taller than 30 feet. However, some of them can grow up to 90 feet.
You will recognize a juniper by its short trunk with reddish-brown bark that looks very crackly. The leaves are like short and tough like needles but with a more forked shape and can be grayish green or bluish green.
The leaves smell like cedar, lemons, apples, or incense when crushed. Junipers are unique in that they are dioecious. This means they are individual plants are either male or female but not both and flower differently.
The fruit they produce are small green berries. They are technically cones whose lobes are too smooth and tight to be seen. These turn dark blue when ripe and give 3-6 seeds.
Junipers can be found almost anywhere. They have the largest range of any woody plant in the whole world. This is because they can tolerate acid and alkaline soils, sandy or clay soils, rocky hillsides, prairies and abandoned farmland.
Here is where it gets interesting. My friend noticed the smell but didn’t immediately connect it with her plant. This was because it smelled so much like the incense she was used to smelling at church.
She assumed it was left on her clothing. Then she was prompted to do some digging when she realized the juniper branches smelled so good.
What she found out was that incense – at least the incense traditionally used for spiritual ceremonies – is just burning evergreen resin. The sap collected from various types of pine trees can be burned. It gives off a very fragrant smoke that native peoples used for probably hundreds of years in North America.
The knowledge of incense burning was lost with them, in large part. However, the trees traditionally used for collecting resin to burn for incense are White Pine, Jack Pine, Red Pine, Blue Spruce and Norway Spruce. Juniper – or Red Cedar – is one of the trees that produce very little resin, making it more difficult to harvest. However, the berries can be burned and produce a lovely, cedar smell.
Juniper’s Healing Properties
There is quite a bit known still about juniper’s uses as food and as medicine. Juniper berries are most famous for flavoring gin. In fact, they have been used this way for 300 years. The word gin is from the Dutch word for Juniper “geniver.” They can be used to flavor other food – either fresh or in dried form, from game to soups. Juniper berries impart and spicy and earthy flavor.
American Indian tribes used juniper in tinctures for vomiting, arthritis, and coughing by steeping the leaves in boiling water. Women in labor drank juniper tea to speed delivery, as it can cause muscle contractions.
It has also been used as a general tonic to cure colds, fevers, tonsillitis, pneumonia, constipation, infections, arthritis, wounds, congestive heart failure, gonorrhea, urinary tract infections, gas, indigestion, warts, bronchitis, tuberculosis, gallstones, colic, heart failure, intestinal disease, gout, and back pain.
This is all because Juniper has diuretic, antiseptic, stomachic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic properties because of a volatile oil found in the berries. It contains terpenes, flavonoid glycosides, tannins, sugar, tar, and resin.
The diuretic compound in the oil can stimulate the kidneys and increase their effectiveness. The flavonoid and amentoflavone have antiviral properties. The resins and tars have been shown to be an effective treatment for skin conditions like psoriasis. It has anti-inflammatory properties. This makes it effective in treating arthritis and other inflammatory diseases, as well as settling the stomach and relieving gas.
Consult a Modern Herbalist
Before trying to use juniper on yourself, you want to consult with a modern herbalist first. Because of its diuretic properties, and the possibility of it interacting with any drug, this isn’t an herb you should use without direction. It’s possible to take too much of it. However, it has been used to treat a wide variety of health problems, as you can see. Juniper should not be used by pregnant or lactating women.
If you are lucky enough to have a juniper bush on your property, you may benefit from its leaves and fruit – and its smell! Make sure you consult with a professional herbalist and a doctor if you are on any medication before using juniper for health reasons.
If you are looking for greenery to add a heavenly smell to your home for the holiday season, try to get hold of some juniper branches. You won’t be disappointed.
If you are interested in planting juniper bushes in your yard, consider installing Root Starter Sticks. These are a direct to root system that allows air and water to go deep into the root zone. They will give your new bushes the best chance of survival.
Spartan Juniper is a beautiful, fast growing tall column of greenery. It works wonderfully for a windbreak or tall hedge. It grows well in a variety of climates and offers year round interest.
For such a tall evergreen shrub, it requires very little maintenance. Use them to draw attention to an entry or path. They add a lot of visual interest with their dark green foliage.
Native to China, Japan, Mongolia, Korea and eastern Russia, this juniper has been grown for centuries in these areas before being brought to the West. The leaves are used to create lice treatments and insecticides.
Spartan Juniper looks right at home in a Mediterranean style garden. Use it in narrow places that are difficult to fill. Put them in large pots beside a front door or to line a long driveway. They make excellent topiary specimens.
Pair them up with bougainvillea, lantana or mandevilla for an exotic look. They also look especially nice with pomegranate, olive, rosemary, lavender and yarrow.
If you like the look of Italian Cypress but they don’t do well in your zone, try the Spartan instead. If you want winter interest, plant them with English holly and creeping wintergreen.
Plant them close together to form a tall hedge or windbreak. Add them to your borders for some vertical interest.
Planting And Care Tips
Plant Spartan Juniper in a sunny location. Soil must be well drained to keep this plant happy, though they will tolerate almost any other condition. Junipers in general do not like wet roots. Mulch is a good way to keep your junipers happy.
Once the roots are well established this plant is drought tolerant. Pruning is only necessary if you want to shape the plant into a topiary and to maintain the new shape. Pruning should be done during the summer.
This juniper is hardy against many pests and diseases. They are resistant to deer and other wildlife. This is a very low maintenance, easy to care for plant to add to any garden site.
- Scientific Name: Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’
- Best Soil: Adaptable to many soils; does not like marshy ground
- Light: Full sun
- Growth Rate: Fast
- Foliage: Evergreen; dark green foliage
- Mature Size and Shape: Grows to 15 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide in a columnar shape
- Pruning: No pruning necessary unless you want to shape it
- Watering: Drought tolerant once established
- Hardiness Zone: 5 – 9
- Spacing: Plant 3 to 4 feet apart for hedge