Snapdragon annual or perennial


All About the Snapdragon Flower

The snapdragon is a more unique plant and something that a lot of people enjoy for the unique look that it has in terms of the flowers and leaves. The snapdragon is named such because when you squeeze it together properly, it actually looks like a dragon that is opening and closing its mouth. But, there are also people that use these for things besides making it look like a dragon’s mouth opening and closing. The snapdragon actually has a floral meaning that can mean two different things, it can be a sign of a gracious lady, or it can be a sign of deception, you can take your pick and have it your way.

Description of the Snapdragon Flower

The snapdragon is part of the antirrhinum family. This plant is unique because of the look that it has and the way that it looks when it is squeezed a certain way. The snapdragon is a perennial plant that is more of a cold season plant; you will find that these plants come in a few different options as they have a dwarf, a medium, and a tall plant. These snapdragons can be as small as 6 inches and as tall as about 4 feet. You will find that the flower itself comes in a lot of different colors; you will find red flowers, white flowers, and pink flowers. It just depends on the species and which ones that you are planting. It can be difficult sometimes to fertilize these plants as some of them actually cannot be fertilized by their own pollen.

Uses for the Snapdragon Flower

For the most part, people use the snapdragon as a great flower to grow in areas like their yards, their flower gardens, and their homes. These are great flowers for the yard because not only do they have a really unique, really cool look to them, but they also really stand out. Plus, if you know how to grow them, they are extremely easy to grow. Otherwise, there are people that like to put snapdragons on bouquets because they are beautiful and they really do have a more unique look than a lot of flowers and they are extremely colorful so they will really stand out. Be sure that you are looking at what you can do with snapdragon flowers and that you are taking this and making some great arrangements and other things.

Why do people plant the Snapdragon Flower ?

There are a few things about the snapdragons that will help you grow them. First, these are generally sold as a cold season plant that is an annual and they are going to do the best when they have partial sun. You also want to make sure that these plants really have good drainage because if they don’t you will find that the soil will actually have too much water in it and the roots will actually rot. Make sure that you know how to take the best care of the snapdragon and that you have the best conditions for it.

All About Snapdragon – History, Meaning, Facts, Care & More

Just before we jump in on the care tips we have listed in relation to Snapdragons, let us learn first how it got its fiery and furious name.

Snapdragon Origin

As its name suggests, this indigenous flower from the Mediterranean region resembles the shape of a dragon. Its tubular forms the dragon ‘jaw’ and that its two-lipped blossom opens and snaps with the right pinch on it.

How to Grow Snapdragon

According to our florist expert, A cool weather condition that goes sunny every time is the perfect place to grow snapdragons. So there is a lesser reason to worry about freezing season as it is frost tolerant. Having those weather conditions all that is left to you is to find the soil that organically rich with nutrients and is well-drained. Know that snapdragons continue to bloom from summer to fall. During summer, its buds start to burst open on upright spikes in clusters starting from the bottom. From there on, it blooms throughout the season and continues even during the fall. Another interesting fact about snapdragons is how it produces a fragrant smell loved by many hummingbirds and butterflies. Its blooms come in white, pink, orange, red, purple, and yellow colors. All have brilliant shades and are all in rich hues.


Bell-shape and azalea-shaped blossoms are produced by snapdragons. To identify which is which, snapdragons are categorized into three. Each is based on its height and these are the dwarf, the intermediate-sized, and the tall categories.

Dwarf Cultivars

Measuring from 6-15 inches, dwarf snapdragon plants on its early flowering reaches a height of 8 inches. On this stage, snapdragon plants start to produce long-blooming, open-faced blossoms. The irony to its name, dwarf cultivar can actually grow up to 24 inches high. Besides all these, this kind of snapdragon is still known to give the best look in your apartment gardens. Potted plants of this on your window boxes or border fronts are some of the ideal things to do with snapdragon plants.

Intermediate-Sized Hybrids

If 15 inches snapdragon plants would sound not enough for your garden, there are snapdragons also that can grow from 15 to 30 inches. One popular hybrid is the ‘Black Prince’. This particular hybrid reaches a height of 18 inches and boasts a deep crimson blossom with bronze foliage on it. There are a series of hybrids also that form a bushy habit and have a high tolerance for wet weather. These are the snapdragons in the Sonnet series. Their blooms come in bronze and burgundy richly hues. This category is preferred to be planted in borders or uses as bedding plants.

Tall Snapdragon Varieties

These are the kinds of snapdragon plants that measure from 30 to 48 inches. One tall snapdragon is the ‘Madame Butterfly with azalea blossoms and reaches up to three feet tall. Considering its tall size, these particular snapdragon plants are grown mostly on the back borders of gardens. In addition, it may also require staking so to prevent any breakage.

How to Care for Snapdragon Tips

Same as the other plants you can see in every garden, there is a list of things that one must take into account first before planting anything into their own gardens. For snapdragon plants, a few things are notably being given with high attention as one wrong action could disrupt the plant from growing to its full capability.


Rusty, hot, and dry weather conditions are some of the particular things you should monitor in taking care of snapdragon plants. This is for the sole reason that snapdragons when caught in disease, these conditions accelerate the spreading of it. Rust as one inevitable condition that contacts to your plants, the way you water the plants could further disperse rusts from one plant to another. This is by overhead watering and it is something you should avoid when planting these plants. There is a common fungal disease also that causes the plant to turn black. This is something you do not want to see in your snapdragon plants.


One takeaway for those interested in planting these amazing snapdragon plants is the type of soil one should use. It is suitable for most garden soil as long as it is drained well. Clay soil is something the plant does not want and makes sure to plant them not on it. In watering these plants, newly planted snapdragons require regular watering.


Snapdragons seem to like getting the bests of both worlds. As much as they love cool weather, the same goes as to how much they love getting enough sunlight. However, snapdragons will most likely survive frosty weather rather than hot weather. And because of these things, snapdragons have a higher chance of survival in the wild. This makes it easy for you to plant them in your backyard gardens.


To germinate a snapdragon seed effectively, no grower must cover the seed with soil. But, seeds should only be pressed into the soil instead. This is for the seeds to get the required light to germinate. This may take 10-14 days. In addition, snapdragons are good at self-seeding also. With a few dead flowers around it, there is a chance that the seeds on it could germinate and grow on its own.


Unlike other flowers that bloom beautifully but turns out to be poisonous, this one is safe to place anywhere in your place. Be it in your windows or gardens, your pets and children are safe with these snapdragon plants around them.

Flowers Similar To Snapdragons

Large and varied the figwort family scrophulariaceae has many members with blossoms similar to those of common garden snapdragons antirrhinum majus.

Flowers similar to snapdragons. The plants are called summer snapdragons because they produce a profusion of flowers that resemble small snapdragons all summer. Three stems with pink red purple and yellow flowers of snapdragons. Linaria vulgaris have flowers that look similar. Snapdragons are available in most colors. Baby breath flower meaning. Home garden snapdragons antirrhinum majus are grown as a popular bedding plant or cut flower. This is similar to the mythical creature they resemble. Snapdragons are one of ny favorite flowers.

Antirrhinum is a genus of plants commonly known as dragon flowers or snapdragons because of the flowers fancied resemblance to the face of a dragon that opens and. Clip the top stem and any long side shoots to encourage more flowers and a. Large and varied the figwort family scrophulariaceae has many members with blossoms similar to those of common garden snapdragons antirrhinum majus. The distinguishing feature is the shape of the flower. Learn about look alike flowers. The distinguishing feature is the shape of the flower. Find snapdragon flower stock images in hd and millions of other royalty. Summer snapdragons have trumpet shaped flowers while other snapdragons have.

Each flower has a lip or.

What is this tree or large shrub with pink flowers like snapdragons?

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Antirrhinum majus (Snapdragon)

Blooming for months, Snapdragons (Antirrhinum Majus) are eye-catching bedding plants loved for their large, snout-shaped flowers atop their bright green foliage. Fragrant, the Snapdragon flowers come in a wide array of attractive shades, from pastel to bright colors including pink, orange, yellow, peach, purple, white, red and bicolor. Some may be classic looking with two puffed petals that look like stacked berets, or azalea-flowered (fringed or ruffled).

  • Old garden favorites, Snapdragons enjoy a long blooming season, extending from spring to fall in cool summer areas and provide a delightful and colorful show.
  • Snapdragons are short-lived perennial plants which can withstand short periods of frost but they are generally grown as annuals. They often overwinter in protected areas up to zone 5.

Snapdragon & Pot Marigold

Snapdragon & Floss Flower

  • Snapdragons come in various heights and are classified in 4 groups:
    Dwarf plants (4-9 in. tall or 10-22 cm) – Bushy plants that are ideal for border fronts, edgings, window boxes and containers
    Short plants (9-12 in. tall or 22-30 cm) – Great for edging or small beds
    Intermediate plants (12-24 in. tall or 30-60 cm) – Most popular group
    Tall plants (24-36 in. tall or 60-90 cm) – for bold display or fresh bouquets.

Snapdragon ‘Admiral Crimson’

Snapdragon ‘Admiral White’

Snapdragon ‘Admiral Pink Bicolor’

  • Extremely easy to grow, they love full sun or light shade in well-draining soils. Avoid overhead watering. Some drought tolerance.
  • Snapdragon make excellent cut flowers and are wonderful when massed in beds, borders, containers, window boxes and cutting gardens. The shorter varieties are great edging plants.
  • Susceptible to rust, mold, fungal leaf spots, downy mildew. Always choose rust-resistant varieties!

Snapdragon ‘Calima Pure White’

Snapdragon ‘Calima Yellow’

Snapdragon ‘Calima Pink’

  • Their nectar is attractive to bumble bees and hummingbirds and they appear to be deer resistant.
  • Easy to grow from seeds. Sow seeds indoors 8 weeks before the last frost and transplant the seedlings outdoors as soon as the soil can be worked.
  • Pinch off the stem tips to promote bushiness on young plants (3 in. tall or 7 cm). Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms and maintain a neat appearance. Do not hesitate to cut flowers for your bouquets as this will force your snapdragon to produce additional stems for bloom. Cut back hard and fertilize if you notice little flowering after the first flush of bloom.

Snapdragon ‘Speedy Sonnet Bronze’

Snapdragon Speedy Sonnet Rose’

  • The most popular Antirrhinum varieties are:
    ‘Liberty’ Series produces 24-30 in. tall plants (60-75 cm) in nine different flower colors.
    ‘Rocket Series’ produces 36 in. tall plants (90 cm) with upright flower spikes in shades of red, pink, yellow, purple and white. Good for cut flowers.
    Sonnet’ Series produces 24-30 in. tall plants (60-75 cm) with flowers in eight different shades. Great for the landscape, containers or as cut flowers.
    Azalea-flowering varieties include:
    Bright Butterflies Mix’ produces 30 in. tall plants (70 cm) with 10-12 flower spikes per plant. Flowers in shades of yellow, red, pink, purple and white.
    Madame Butterfly Mix’ produces 24 in. tall plants with double azalea-type flowers in shades of red, pink, yellow, purple and white.
    Snapadragon ‘Candy Showers’ (Antirrhinum majus nanum pendula) is a new series of trailing Snapdragons that are perfect for hanging baskets or containers in the spring or fall. They will also quickly spread in beds and borders for a colorful coverage. Up to 10 in. tall (25 cm), they are available in purple, orange, red, rose or yellow.

Snapdragon ‘Candy Showers Orange’

Snapdragon ‘Candy Showers Yellow’

Snapdragon ‘Candy Showers Rose’

  • Antirrhinum belongs to a genus of 20 species that are native to Southern Europe. Antirrhinum majus is the most widely grown species in our gardens as summer bedding plantings. Many of the smaller species are used in rock gardens while the taller ones may be grown in the dry garden.


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Antirrhinum majus

Snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus, is native to parts of China and the US. Its name comes from the pinchable blossoms that open and close like the mouths of friendly dragons.

This self-sowing annual is often referred to as a perennial, because it tolerates some frost, and its seeds come up yearly in temperate zones.

It is a member of the Plantaginaceae, or plantain, family, a sub-group of the expansive Scrophulariaceae, or figwort, family of plants that includes several others with which you may familiar.

Bi-colored A. majus blooms in a sunny garden.

One is toadflax (Linaria vulgaris), aka butter and eggs, a common sight along country roads. It, too, has a hinged-style mouth.

Snapdragon flowers make a gorgeous addition to the cutting garden, for use in bouquets. Get our growing tips now on Gardener’s Path.

Other members of this large plant group have stationary mouths, like summer snapdragon (Angelonia angustifolia), beardtongue (Penstemon), wishbone flower (Torenia fournieri), and foxglove (Digitalis).

Classic characteristics of figworts are their squarish stems, and spikes of open-lipped blossoms.

Here’s what’s ahead in this quick growing guide:

  • Cultivation in the Garden
  • Plant Facts
  • Where to Buy
  • Bold and Structural

Cultivation in the Garden

Snapdragon has much to offer in the garden. It is available in dwarf varieties with heights up to one foot, as well as tall types that top out at three feet. It is a species that grows well in zones 7 to 10.

Colorful snapdragons share a garden bed with petunias and marigolds.

You may start seeds indoors, or sow outside after the last hard frost. Select a sunny location with loose, well-draining soil that has been amended with organic material, like leaf mulch or compost.

When seedlings are about four inches tall, pinch them back to encourage fullness and multiple flower stems.

As stems rise, they produce cones of buds that open from the bottom, up. As the lowest wither, pinch them off to encourage more to open.

About mid-summer, cut the dead flower stalks from your tall plants to a height of about 4 to 6 inches, and add a little compost. By autumn, they’ll bloom again. Let the seeds fall and see what comes up next year.

Snapdragon hybrids are available in an array of bright, velvety colors as seeds or nursery plants. Those that say “rust-resistant” are your best bets, as they have been bred to stand up to one of the biggest threats to this species, Puccinia antirrhini, a fungus that causes rust-spotted leaves.

Choose single- or double-petal and bi- or tri-colored varieties for a sensation in the garden, and as cut flowers for vase arrangements.

And now, let’s recap! This quick guide will be here whenever you need it.

Plant Facts

  • Annual flower
  • Cultivar variations include single or double bi- or tri-color blossoms
  • Deadhead to prolong blooming
  • Dwarf and tall varieties
  • Full sun
  • Mid-summer cutback for late season re-bloom
  • Pinch seedlings back to encourage multiple flower stem formation
  • Rust-resistant hybrids are best
  • Variety of colors including orange, pink, purple, white, and yellow
  • Well-drained, loose, organically-rich soil
  • Zones 7 to 10

Where to Buy

‘Rocket’ Series Snapdragon in Rose

The ‘Rocket’ series of hybrid annual snapdragon seeds is available from True Leaf Market. Select bronze, cherry, golden, lemon, pink, red, rose, or a mixed batch.

A. Majus Pumilum ‘Magic Carpet’ Seeds, available from Eden Brothers

For another beautiful selection, try the ‘Magic Carpet’ mix, in shades of red, pink, apricot, and yellow. This dwarf variety will reach about 8 inches in height.

A. Majus Maximum ‘Brighton Rock’ Seeds, available from Eden Brothers

‘Brighton Rock’ is an exciting heirloom variety that pollinators love. Enjoy a blend of pastel and bi-colored blooms, in shades of red and orange.

A. Majus Maximum ‘Snowflake’ Seeds, available from Eden Brothers

Or, if you’re a fan of white flowers, ‘Snowflake’ is the cultivar for you, with snowy white blossoms on stems that will reach about 36 inches in height, so it’s perfect for cutting.

Bold and Structural

For a great addition to your cutting garden, look no further than today’s hybrids or heirloom varieties of an old-time favorite, the humble snapdragon.

You can’t beat the vivid hues they’ll contribute to beds and borders. As a cut flower, it draws the eye to its bright, linear form. And best of all, since it blooms from the bottom up, buds keep opening after it’s cut and placed in a vase.

How about adding a few dwarf varieties for visual interest and texture at the front of your beds, and tall ones to anchor the back? Choose colors to suit an existing scheme or define a new one.

From great curb appeal to fabulous flower arrangements, snapdragon makes a bold, structural statement wherever it goes!

Feel free to share any cultivation questions you may have with us in the comments, and be sure to check out our full archive of flower growing tips.


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Product photos via True Leaf Market and Eden Brothers. Uncredited photos: . With additional writing and editing by Allison Sidhu.

About Nan Schiller

Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

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