Silver dollar money plant

Crassula ovata (Jade Plant / Money Plant)

Jade Plant Care Guide


Great growth will come from being placed in a position with a great deal of natural sunlight. However the plant will get by in slightly darker places and will even do well in a windowless room (it would obviously need artificial lighting!).

If the sunlight is too harsh or the plants not used to it, then the leaves may take on more of a dark purple colour. If this is undesired then just move it to a slightly darker area or gradually accustom the plant to more light over time. The purple should fade in time and revert back to the familiar lime green.


As with most succulents, Jade Plants are tough and adaptable to many situations and a variety of treatments, however they wont last long if you constantly over water. Water well, then wait for the soil to dry out before doing it again. In Winter you want to give enough to keep the soil just barely moist.


No special requirements are needed in terms of humidity.


Feed established Jade Plants every three months during the growing season. Nothing fancy here, an all purpose general houseplant feed is all you need to be using.


A well ventilated area is required for the Jade Plant. If you can do this then there is no upper temperature found in the home that will be fatal.

You do have to watch it doesn’t get too cold though, occasional dips below 10°C (50°F) won’t kill it off, but try to see this as the minimum temperature and you can’t go wrong.


Many plants from the Crassula genus, including the Jade, are content to stay in the same pot and stale soil for years at a time. They don’t need frequent repotting which is quite an advantage as any seasoned owner will know – these plants get big and heavy!

When you repot do it in Spring and be extra careful with watering until you can see new fresh growth appearing. You’ll want a free draining compost mix.


Propagation is easy through Money Plant leaf cuttings or stem cuttings. When leaves or part of the stem fall, get knocked off or are picked, just wait a day or two for the edges to dry slightly then you just need to push them about one quarter of the way into fresh moist gritty compost.

The part you are “burying” needs to be the exposed end that was attached to the stem. Keep warm, provide bright light protected from direct sunlight, keeping the soil barely moist.

All being well, new tiny plants will start poking out of the soil around the base of the leaf cuttings from a few weeks to a few months later. Before you know it you will have loads of new babies to give to family or friends.

If you go for the second option then Stem cuttings need to be treated in exactly the same way as Leaf cuttings (described above). The only real difference is you are burying part of the stem rather than any leaves. This way of doing it is probably more likely to work (and is quicker) than leaf cuttings.

Speed of Growth

In good light conditions with a reasonable watering routine you can expect slow to moderate growth in the early years. Once it has reached maturity no matter what you do, growth will be slow.

Height / Spread

The Jade Plant is epic. It can easily match the average human life span and during that time can reach 4m / 12ft in height. It can spread to over 1m / 3ft in width so it will need space. However if you have a small one you don’t need to worry because it will take a good while to reach these proportions. And who knows, by the time it needs more space it might have encouraged your bank balance to grow, paid off your mortgage and afforded you a bigger home to help house it!


There are often flowers on Jade Plants from time to time. Good conditions and maturity are needed and in return you will be given sprays of small white flowers that appear between late Autumn and late Winter.

Are Jade Plants Poisonous?

Jade plants are poisonous to cats and dogs and mildly toxic to humans. The most common side effects of eating these plants are diarrhea and an upset stomach.

Anything else?

Top heavy plants are a waiting disaster in homes. One little slip and you have a huge mess on your floor. Therefore ensure you invest in a heavy container for your Jade and its pot to sit in. This will give stability, prevent damage and reduce the possibly of mess all over your carpet or floor.

If it does ever happen pick up the majority of the soil with your hands then wait a day for the rest to dry out. Then you can whip out the hoover without the worry of staining.

How to Care for the Jade Plant Summary

  1. Bright Light Good amounts of light are ideal, some sun if possible. Semi shade will be tolerated but not deep shade.

  2. Low Watering Water well and then wait until the soil is almost dry before watering again.

  3. Average Temperature Not lower than 10°C (50°F).

  4. Low Feeding You only need to feed Money Plants occasionally. We feed ours three times a year, once in Spring, Summer and Fall.

  • Don’t overwater.
  • Stems will become brittle over time so take care when handling a mature plant to prevent damage.

Jade Plant Problems


These pests land and set up large colonies on the leaves which if left can get out of control, spreading disease in the process. Follow our dealing with pests guide if you need help, although you must not use any chemical sprays which contain malathion as this is harmful to a lot of plants belonging to the Crassula genus, including the Jade Plant.


Like Aphids, Mealybugs can be a nuisance. Make sure you deal with them promptly, although as above never use malathion containing products if you opt for the chemical route.

Weak and lanky looking Jade Plant

Long periods of neglect and poor lighting conditions can result in a ugly sparse looking Jade Plant. Prevent this by giving good conditions whenever you can, or tidying stray growth with a little prune.

If it’s already too late you can look to propagate new plants, or consider cutting back the plant hard. New growth should should appear from the old wood, however do it with caution. As with garden plants if you cut back too hard into very old wood you risk turning it into a stump with no new shoots. i.e. the plant is ruined.

Shriveled leaves and stems

A sign of not watering enough. Your Jade Plant is parched, give it some H2O!

Rotting Stems (Basal Stem Rot), mushy leaves

Either caused by too much watering, cold conditions or a combination of both. If rotting is taking place then it’s almost certainly doomed. You might be able to cut out the rot, in which case do it immediately before it spreads. If not, then try to salvage the legacy of the plant through propagation.

About the Author

Tom Knight

Over the last 20 years Tom has successfully owned hundreds of houseplants and is always happy to share knowledge and lend his horticulture skills to those in need. He is the main content writer for the Ourhouseplants Team.

Also on

Credit for first Jade Plant Photo – Article / (3rd in Gallery) – Piotrus
Credit for 55 Year old Jade Plant Photo – Article / Gallery – Tompaul82

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Money Tree Feng Shui

With shiny jade-green leaves and thick stems, the jade plant (Crassula ovata) is native to South Africa. It’s tough, easy to grow and, like all succulents, ultra drought-hardy. Its alternative common name of ‘money plant’ (or sometimes ‘money tree’) comes from Asia, where the plant is seen as a good-luck symbol. The theory is that the vibrant green leaves are symbolic of growth and renewal, and closely resemble jade coins, which represent wealth and prosperity. As a result, they’re often given as house-warming gifts, or even a wedding presents.

In terms of placement, it’s believed for good feng shui to be lucky to keep a jade plant by the front door, to welcome money into the home. There’s even a saying – ‘Jade by the door, poor no more’!

How to grow a Jade Plant

While they can be grown in garden beds where the climate is warm and frost-free, jade plants are most popularly grown in containers. They make ideal patio or balcony plants, requiring a minimum of care, and offering clusters of white or pale pink starry flowers during winter. In cold climates, jade plants are sometimes grown as indoor plants – a bright sun-room offers the best chance of success inside.

But they’re not all small growers – the jade plant (also known as the money plant) grows into a shrub, up to a metre or more high, and has lots to offer.

Tips for success

  • Plant in generous-sized containers – at least 30cm diameter – to allow for their shrubby growth.
  • Use a well-drained potting mix, or a cactus & succulent mix.
  • Water only when the top few centimetres of potting mix are dry. Ensure the water drains freely out of the base of the container and don’t place a saucer beneath.
  • Fertilise plants once a year in spring, using a slow-release fertiliser suitable for succulent plants.

How to propagate

Jade plants are arguably one of the simplest succulents to propagate. To begin all propagation methods use secateurs or sharp scissors (depending on the thickness of the stalk) and cut a piece of jade approximately 2-4 cm away from any leaves.

If you are going to plant the cutting in soil let it dry out for a couple of days before inserting into a pot with well-draining soil.

Alternatively, you can propagate Jade plants in water. Simply fill a jar with water until 2-3cm of the root is covered and leave in a well-lit spot. Change water weekly and watch those roots grow – it will take a couple of weeks. Then you can either plant or leave in water.

Money Tree Varieties

There are four common money tree varieties.

1. Crassula ovata

Is the variety most commonly found in Australia, crassula ovata is a succulent plant which often has white or pink flowers in spring.

2. Pachira aquatica

Pachira aquatica is native to Central and South America where it grows in swamps, growing up to 18m tall. It can be identified by its shiny green palmate leaves with lanceolate leaflets and smooth green bark. When grown as a houseplant it’s trunk is often perfectly braided.

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3. Lunaria

With hairy toothed leaves and white and violet flowers, Lunaria can be found in central and southern Europe. It gets the nickname money tree as the seed pods that grow on Lunaria plants resemble large coins.

4. Theobroma cacao

More commonly known as the cacao tree, once upon a time Theobroma cacao was referred to as a money tree because its beans were once used as currency.

Chinese Money Plant Info: Learn How To Grow A Pilea Plant

The Chinese money plant is a beautiful, unique, and easy to grow houseplant. Slow to propagate and only recently gaining worldwide popularity, the biggest obstacle to growing this plant is managing to find one. Keep reading to learn more about growing a Chinese money plant and Pilea plant care.

Chinese Money Plant Info

What is a Chinese money plant? Also known as lefse plant, missionary plant, and UFO plant, Pilea peperomioides is frequently just called “pilea” for short. It is native to the Yunnan Province of China. As legend has it, in 1946 the Norwegian missionary Agnar Espergren brought the plant back home from China and shared cuttings among his friends.

To this day, the Chinese money plant is easiest to find in Scandinavia, where it is very popular. If you live elsewhere in the world, you might have some trouble finding a plant. Pilea is slow to propagate, and most nurseries don’t find them profitable enough to carry. Your best bet is to find someone willing to share their cuttings in person. If that fails, you should be able to order cuttings directly from sellers online.

Chinese money plants are relatively small and very well suited to container life. They grow to a height of 8 to 12 inches (20-30 cm.). They have a very distinctive appearance – green vegetative shoots grow up and out from the crown, each ending in a single saucer shaped leaf that can reach 4 inches (10 cm.) in diameter. If the plant grows healthily and densely, its leaves form an attractive mounding appearance.

How to Grow a Pilea Plant at Home

Pilea plant care is relatively minimal. The plants are hardy down to USDA zone 10, which means most gardeners will be growing a Chinese money plant in pots indoors.

They like lots of indirect light but do poorly in direct sun. They should be placed near a sunny window, but just out of reach of the sun’s rays.

They also like sandy, well-draining soil and should be allowed to dry out between waterings. They need very little feeding, but will do well with occasional additions of standard houseplant fertilizer.

Many gardeners hate weeds. They will curse them under their breath as they drag the roots from the soil and toss them onto the compost pile with relish.

In her well-known book “To Kill a Mockingbird,” Harper Lee describes Miss Maudie’s reaction to a blade of nutgrass with sufficient illustration: “She swooped down upon it with a tin tub and subjected it to blasts from beneath with a poisonous substance she said was so powerful it’d kill us all if we didn’t stand out of the way.”

Gives me the shudders just thinking about it.

However, not all weeds are created the same. Take the Lunaria annua, also known as the money plant, the silver dollar plant, the honesty plant, and moonwort. Because of their rather prolific nature, this plant is sometimes called a perennial.

The very aspects that lead some to consider it a weed can be very useful to a gardener, especially one with children to introduce to the gardening world. They are easy to grow, forgiving if neglected (almost to a fault), and beautiful to behold. And according to lore, having a patch of it may keep your kids honest!

This flowering plant can grow 24 to 36 inches in height. The first year mainly sprouts foliage of heart-shaped leaves but the second year brings fragrant lavender flowers and the famous silvery seed pods that give this plant its names.

If you’re unfamiliar with these fascinating plants, or even if you know them and usually give them wide berth for their weed association, give them a consideration as you read through this guide on silver dollar plant care.


Planting The Silver Dollar Plant

In all honesty (see what I did there?), you could probably just toss a handful of silver dollar plant seeds onto a patch of earth and end up with a lovely group of purple flowers. But if you want to be a bit more deliberate, especially if you have young ‘uns learning about gardening, follow these guidelines.

When to Plant

There are several options for timing when it comes to the lunaria plant. Any time after the last frost in the spring or summer is recommended for the first planting. The Lunaria annua is a biennial, meaning you probably won’t see the flowers or seedpods until the next year, so you can stagger their appearance by planting a few seeds in the fall.

Where to Plant

Anywhere sunny or lightly shaded will do, though you might want to consider an area that’s easy to tend or contain; the honesty plant doesn’t hold back its self-sowing zeal.

How to Plant

Silver dollar is hard to transplant, so growing from seed sprinkled on the ground and covered with a light amount of soil is best. Consider spacing 15 to 18 inches apart for good air circulation between grown plants. Adding a few inches of organic matter will help start a healthy growth. Give it a good drink of water.

Lunaria Annua Care and Cultivation

It’s pretty easy to provide silver dollar plant care. That alone makes it a good choice for children just getting their feet wet in gardening. If they’re too busy getting their feet wet in the swimming pool and occasionally forget their charges, honesty plants are quite forgiving.


Some gardeners have noted that it doesn’t seem to matter where the seed lands. Lunaria will grow whether it’s sunny or shady, though it may bloom better in sunnier areas.


This money plant prefers to keep its toesies moist, so try not to let the soil dry out between waterings. However, do prevent the kids from drowning them in liquid just to get away from responsibilities for a while. In some areas you may need to water only once a week, especially if you have made good use of mulch.


This plant will tolerate just about any soil, though it likes a bit of fertilizer once or twice a year. In fact, it will appreciate whatever your other plants are getting and may try to take up residence with them over time. Don’t worry. It’s not really invasive, just friendly.

Companion Plants

Silver dollar will cozy up to just about any other plant but you might be quite delighted pairing them with various tulips, Forget-Me-Not, and Hakone Grass. If you want to attract more beneficial insects and creatures to your garden, add an herb patch.

Harvesting and Storing

One of the most popular parts of this plant is the silvery seed pod, a favorite for dried flower arrangements and imagination games for kids. You can allow the seed pods to dry on the plant or you can snip the stems after the pods turn brown, tie a few together, and hang them to dry.

To collect the seeds, wait until they’re brown in the pod. Then rub the pod between your fingers to gently remove the outer layer. Store them in an air-tight container, someplace dark, cool, and dry.

Pests and Diseases

While this plant is fairly resistant to many pests and diseases, it’s not immune. Here are a few things to watch out for.

Aphids are little sap-suckers that are usually green but can be red, black, white, or even peach colored. They feed on the underside of the leaf and leave behind “honeydew,” which attracts ants and encourages fungi growth.

A strong blast of water can be enough to shake them off. An application of insecticidal soap may help with larger infestations.

Even better, grow neighboring plants that attract lady beetles to your garden. They think aphids are delicious and will gobble those little buggers into obscurity. An herb garden with dill and fennel would bring them in nicely.

Septoria leaf spot is caused by a fungus and shows up as those little freckle-like holes in leaves, which eventually turn yellow and drop off. Water splashing on the leaves can spread it around. While it doesn’t usually kill, it does weaken the plant and prevent reproduction.

Use a drip irrigation system instead of a sprinkler for watering to cut down on the spread. Use mulch and spacing between plants to allow air to circulate and keep the moisture off the plant.

If necessary, use fungicides or rotate new plants to a different area of the garden.

Clubroot looks like yellow, stunted leaves above ground and galls shaped like clubs on the roots below ground.

Rotate the plants to a different area and test the soil pH level. If it is acidic, add lime to balance it out.

White Blister Rust distorts plant growth and reduces vigor. Caused by a fungus-like organism, it creates white lesions on leaves that look like white powder when ruptured.

Snip and destroy any affected leaves or other debris. Space out the plants for air and reduce splashing of water with mulch and drip irrigation.

Silver Dollar Plant FAQs

Q: Do Lunaria annua plants attract any good bugs?

A: Yes, they attract butterflies and bees.

Q: Is it deer resistant?

A: Unfortunately not. Unless you’re trying to attract deer, in which case that’s a good thing.

Q: How about container gardening?

A: Containers don’t work too well with this plant: too big, difficult to transplant, and won’t flower until the second year anyway.

Q: Should I save seeds for planting every year?

A: Honestly (there, I did it again!), you probably won’t need to save seeds for planting past the second year. They really do take care of that aspect themselves remarkably well. That being said, you could always save seeds for future garden spots, for friends, for family, and for holiday or birthday gifts. The giving nature is quite strong with this one.

Easy to grow, easy to care for, and fun for kids, beginners, and old hands as well, the money plant is a beautiful addition to any garden. It loves to share its abundance of silver and purple with the world. It’ll attract bees and butterflies to your happy place, maybe even birds.

And think of the bragging rights that come with it: your children will tell their friends how they grew something without killing it and how they’ve earned their green thumb. You can tell your neighbors that your kids never lie and you’re all “rolling in money!”

Stop by the comments section and tell me about your experiences. If you like what you read, share this article with your friends. Looking for seeds? Try here.

The Green Thumbs Behind This Article:

Kevin Espiritu
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Money Plant (Lunaria annua)

Money Plant (Lunaria annua) is an easy-to-grow biennial that is called many names, including Dollar Plant, Silver Dollars, Honesty Plant, and Moonwort. This plant grows to just over two feet high and has large, dark green, heart-shaped leaves with pronounced serrated edges. Money Plant blossoms very early in the spring. To me, the flowers look like a butterfly shape. Each flower has four petals and can be shades of reddish-purple or white.

After the flowers fade, the plant forms seed pods that eventually become the shape and size of silver dollars. The seed pods start out green and become silvery, and after they dry they become so transparent you can see the dried seeds inside.

The Money Plant drops its seeds and reseeds readily, so if you have them growing in an undisturbed area, they will keep producing flowers and seed pods year after year. The dried seed pods are so light-weight, they travel easily, and you may even find (like I do) that you have Money Plants growing in unexpected places without knowing how they got there!

It is possible to grow Money Plants in almost any soil because they aren’t at all fussy about growing conditions, but they will thrive in a good, fertile soil in a sunny or partly-shaded location. The dried seed pods look very decorative and are often used in flower arrangements.

Written by Shirley Filed Under: My Country Gardens

Xerosicyos danguyi, the Silver Dollar Plant

Xerosicyos danguyi or Silver Dollar Plant (Buy seeds online) is an evergreen climber from arid regions of Madagascar. It is a drought tolerant and hardy succulent that can survive really high temperatures and long spells of drought. If you are new to the world of houseplants, Xerosicyos danguyi is a nice plant to start with.

Xerosicyos danguyi belongs to the family of squash, cucumber, and watermelon and shares many characteristics with its cousins. Hobbyists like the Silver Dollar Plant for its round, succulent, and silver-green leaves giving the plant its common name, ‘Silver Dollar Plant’. These unusual round leaves grow along a cylindrical stem that usually grows up to 20 inches. In wild, Xerosicyos danguyi uses its tendrils to hook up with surrounding plants to keep it from falling on the ground. Clusters of tiny flower of pale-green color appear in spring.

Xerosicyos danguyi, the Silver Dollar Plant / Image Source

How to Grow Xerosicyos danguyi, the Silver Dollar Plant

Xerosicyos danguyi can be easily grown in a well-drained soil and under sunny conditions. Being a drought-tolerant succulent, the Silver Dollar Plant requires only occasional watering. If you are growing it in a pot, water it thoroughly and then allow the soil to dry out completely before the next watering. In colder climates, Silver Dollar Plant can be grown indoors in hanging baskets. Xerosicyos danguyi can be propagated from seeds and cuttings. Plants grown from seeds tend to form caudex on maturity.

Money Plant or “Silver Dollar Plant” Lunaria Seeds 6525


Money Plant or “Silver Dollar Plant” Lunaria Seeds 6525. Money Plant forms a tight “rosette” of crown and root surrounded by foliage. A cold period over the first winter is required to initiate stem growth that produces the flowers. Plants grow to 90 cm (36″) in height and flower freely from early summer with shiny, flat, white silvery seed pods forming later on. The pods are a favourite for dried bouquets. This plant prefers noon hour shade and light mulching helps over-wintering evergreen rosettes survive the winter without damage. Flowers are fragrant, purple, pink or white appearing in clusters in late spring. Self seeds but not invasive. Biennial hardy to Zone 4.

How to Grow

500 seeds/gram. Outdoors, sow seed in June and July for flowers the next year. Indoors sow seed in a soil-less mix in early April. Germinate at 20 C (70 F) for 15-20 days. Then grow on under lights at a slightly cooler temperature before hardening off and planting out after the danger of frost has passed. Space plants 30 cm (12″) apart in the garden.

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