- Bismarck Palm
- Bismarckia nobilis
- BISMARCK PALM
- Bismarck Palm Tree
- Bismarck Palm Tree Info
- Buy Bismarck Palm Today
- Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck palm)
- Bismarckia nobilis 200 Gal
- Bismarck Palm Care: Learn About Growing Bismarck Palms
- Planting Bismarck Palm Trees
- Growing Bismarck Palms
- Bismarck Palm Care
Synonyms: Bismark Palm.
Bismarck Palms are one of the most sought-after and spectacular landscaping palms. If you’re looking for a feature palm you’d be hard pressed to find something more impressive than one of these! Another Madagascan beauty, this palm is very large growing plant suitable for big backyards, commercial plantings, acreage or parks. They come in two colour forms – green and silver (blue) – with the silver being by far the most commonly cultivated.
When mature, this palm is seriously impressive. However, they aren’t for everyone. They take up a lot of space, particularly when they’re young and the leaves are close to the ground. Expect a footprint of around 4x4m!! Once they are bigger, the leaves will be high in the sky and above other plants, but the trunk is large and the root system may cause problems around buildings or other structures. They are for the most part, unsuitable for pots. They’ll outgrow smaller containers rapidly, and often will escape out the bottom and root into the ground if left too long. They resent root disturbance, so digging them out or breaking them out of a pot may shock them or kill them. So if you have the space for one of these beauties, read on! If not, consider a more manageable fan palm such as Hawaiian Fan Palm or a Livistona species.
Caring for Bismarck Palms is very easy. They cope well with just about everything Brisbane’s climate can throw at them, including our hot summers and single-digit winter temperatures. They suffer from very few pest and disease issues. However, they are heavy feeders, so make sure you fertilize regularly. As mentioned above, they cannot handle root disturbance. Do not let them root into the ground or break out of their pots.
Bismarck Palms don’t need much water once established, making them suitable for xeric (dry) gardens. They’d look fantastic among cacti and succulents.
A palm tree that will grasp your attention at a moment’s sight. The Bismarck palm will gain your respect as it gracefully lines many grand hotels and many sub-developments in the south. Widely used for xeriscaping in southern California to Arizona all the way to Florida, the Bismarck will make a great impression and addition to any home. The silver-blue leaves can make a dramatic appearance to any pool area, lawn, or backyard. The Bismarck palm tree is the most sought after outdoor palm for its beauty an awe striking appearance. I would definitely include this species in your landscape design. Below I have listed a few “Do It Yourself” tips for planting a palm tree in your next interior design project
DIY – Landscape Design
Landscaping with a very attractive and striking Bismarck palm tree is very simple. Since the Bismarck demands attention, the design concept behind placing a Bismarck palm tree is not too difficult. The idea is to make it a focal point of your yard enhancing the look of your home. Depending on the size of your yard is the variable needed on choosing the size Bismarck that would accommodate that specific space. The Bismarck palm is not recommended for small yards. Example: Since a Bismarck palm tree may grow up to 50+ feet you do not want to place a recently purchased 6ft Bismarck in a condo with a lawn space of 10ft x10ft. It would take away from the appeal of the condo and outgrow the space. To make the Bismarck aesthetically pleasing to the eye it would be recommended to place one Bismarck in the front on the side with the most open space. If your home is large enough and could support two Bismarck’s then by all means place one on each side of the house. This placement would make the Bismarck palm tree grand and awe inspiring. It is usually not a good idea to place a Bismarck palm in the back yard since it will not be publically displayed and might outgrow the size of the back yard. On a commercial landscape design I would recommend a row of Bismarck palms spaced roughly 10-15 feet apart on the entry road ways either on one side or if not both sides by the walkway, or one grand Bismarck with a spread of 20 ft in the center of a round-about located in the front of the home or building.
DIY – Indoor Design
Designing with a Bismarck palm indoors can prove quiet tricky and a challenge to which I have not failed. Limited to a certain extent, interior designing with a Bismarck would have to be based around the design plan itself. The design of your home will have to include extra natural lighting or an open top roof. A large enough skylight would suffice as well. Maintaining and growing a Bismarck palm requires extra natural lighting enough sun light of about 5 to 6 hours. Given the right environment the Bismarck will do absolutely fine. You do not want to place a Bismarck palm tree in the corner of any room. It must have enough room to grow upwards and out. Also I would only recommend placing only one Bismarck inside your home. Using a Bismarck palm for the interior of a mall or corporate center is much easier because there is natural lighting entering in every direction. I had a customer that placed a Bismarck palm tree in a glass roof room adjacent to the living room. The open top roof allowed enough natural sun for the Bismarck to flourish. It made for a stunning appearance. When placing the Bismarck palm tree inside, provide about 3 to 8 foot radius spacing around the palm so the leaves don’t touch any other object- this is a helpful tip to reduce browning. I hope these ideas help you on your next interior design encounter with the Bismarck palm.
Please, feel free to comment on this article. Any new design ideas, comments, or appreciation is welcomed.
Bismarck Palm Tree
Hailing from the Madagascar Islands is the massive and Jurassic Bismarck Palm Tree (Bismarckia nobilis). A palm tree that will grasp your attention at a moment’s sight. The Bismarck palm will gain your respect as it gracefully lines many grand hotels and many sub-developments in the south. Widely used for xeriscaping in southern California to Arizona all the way to Florida, the Bismarck will make a great impression and addition to any home. The Bismarck when fully matured can be a beautiful focal point to your yard or garden. The Bismarck Palm Tree also does well indoors, but due to its massive size, usually finds its ultimate home outdoors. It can grow to the maximum average height of about 60 ft but with plenty of time. This palm tree is considered cold hardy to about 20 degrees F. More mature Bismarck Palm trees can with stand lower temperatures that of 20 degrees F. Each Bismarck has noticeable differences, from its small spots found on its stems to the different shades of green, silver, and bluish colors. The silver-blue leaves can make a dramatic appearance to any pool area, lawn, or backyard. The Bismarck palm tree is the most sought after outdoor palm for its beauty an awe striking appearance.
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Bismarck Palm Tree
The Bismarck Palm Tree, scientific name Bismarckia nobilis, is one of the most sought after palms in Florida. The Bismarck Palm is native to the island of Madagascar near the east coast of Africa. All things considered, it is a newer palm to most Florida landscapes. This gorgeous palm is truly huge and stunning, and will be sure to give that dramatic effect to any landscape. The Bismarckia is very wide, so it is great for shade or to provide privacy. This palm can handle chilly temperatures down to 15F and can be had in several states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas.
Bismarck Palm Tree Info
Scientific name: Bismarckia nobilis
Common names: The Bismarck Palm is also known as Bismark Palm, Bismarckia Palm, Nobilis Palm.
Family: It belongs to Arecaceae family.
Origin: The Bismarck Palm is native to the island of Madagascar which is off the east coast of Africa.
Appearance: The Bismarck Palm has a single smooth trunk topped with 20-25 wide fronds forming a spherical crown.
Younger Bismark Palms have a grey trunk covered with old leaf bases which gets smoother as it matures. The Bismark Palm has palmate waxy leaves supported by thick stems. Stems are 8-10ft long, 10 inch in diameter and covered with small sharp teeth. The wide spread of beautiful silver-green leaves can reach 10ft across.
Flowers/Fruits: During late spring Bismark Palm produces small fragrant flowers. The Bismarck Palm is dioecious, male and female flowers are on different plants. Cream flowers grow in clusters on 3ft long stalks which gets bent downwards by the fruit weight. Beautiful flowers are followed by not-eatable blue fruits. Fruits are oblong and 1/2 – 1 inch in diameter.
Growth Rate: Domestic Bismarck Palm can grow up to 30-40ft tall and 20ft wide, but in the wild it can reach 70ft. It is a fast growing palm that can grow from 3ft to 15 ft tall in 5 years.
Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both.
Cold Tolerance: The Bismarck Palm is very cold hardy and can tolerate cold down to 15F when mature enough. Great for zones 8b (15 to 20 F) – 11 (above 40 F).
Light Req: Partial shade to Full sun. Adapts to many kinds of soil and likes full sun. If you don’t have sunny spot, don’t worry it will tolerate some shade.
Water Req: Moderate.
Maintenance: Low. It’s a great tree for gardeners who want low maintenance palm tree. Apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season.
Insects and Diseases: Rare
Propagation: Propagated by seeds.
The Bismarck Palm Tree, scientific name Bismarckia nobilis, is one of the most desired fan palms in Florida. The Bismarck Palm is native to the island of Madagascar which is off the east coast of Africa. It was a relatively recent introduction to Florida landscapes. Bismarckia nobilis is a massive palm that will give dramatic effect to any landscape. This palm can be used as a focal point or for nice shade and screening. This palm can tolerate cold temperatures down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas.
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Buy Bismarck Palm Today
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Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck palm)
Native to Madagascar, this fan palm features huge silvery-blue leaves. Bismarck Palms are slow growers, especially before the formation of a trunk. Although they quickly recover from minor cold damage, these need protection to be grown outdoors in zone 9. This species is the only recorded member in its genus.
Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck Palm)
Subspecies: none officially
Hardiness Zones: 10-11
Height: to 18 meters tall, rarely to 20
Diameter: 4.5 meters at maturity, trunk to 30 centimeters
Root System: fibrous, shallow, roots grey or black
Growth Rate: slow to moderate (30-60cm annually), producing several leaves at a time on healthy specimens (each at slightly different developmental stages)
Age: max height usually within 20 years, typically to 50 years total
Tolerates: salt (moderate), drought, breakage
Problems (major): scale infestations (if not detected and treated early), root rot (if put in wet soil), proper watering difficult for inexperienced growers
Problems (minor): fairly slow-growing, leaf tip burn from watering with water containing fluorides and other ions
Poisonous: consumption toxic for pets
Soil requirements: prefers medium/loamy soils, tolerates light/sandy soils, acidic to slightly alkaline, good drainage required
Air requirements: soil must have decent air flow; air pollution effects seemingly undetermined
Watering requirement: high IN FULL SUN ONLY , water typically 3 times a week, more frequently after transplanting (up to twice a day if necessary), much more moderate in temperate areas grown indoors
Sun requirement: full sun to partial shade
Leaves: fan-like, simple, palmate, spirally arranged, silvery-gray-blue, massive, to 1.2 meters (4 feet) long by 1.2 meters (4 feet) wide without recurved (facing base)
thorns on petiole
Flowers: Flower stalks grow to 1.2 meters (4 feet) long with white flowers
Fruits: to 5 centimeters (2 inches) wide, round, light green to brown upon maturity
Bismarck Palms boast silver-gray-blue palmate leaves forming a symmetrical pattern. Germination, in warm and moist conditions, should occur within 8 weeks for ripe seeds.
These are grown solely for their ornamental value.
Leaf bases of a young plant
Adventitious root system Effects of drastic over-watering, dying foliage and rotting roots
All of the images provided were taken by me at the Southern Illinois University Carbondale. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.
Bismarckia nobilis 200 Gal
The bismarck palm is one of the most spectacular in the entire palm family. It is endemic to madagascar and the only species in the genus. The palm has a stout trunk, 30 feet or more in height, 11-17 inches in diameter, gray to tan in color, clear of leaf bases and with a heavy crown of huge (to 9 feet across) beautiful blue-green fan-shaped (costapalmate) leaves. Petioles are 6-9 feet long, waxy, split at the base and slightly toothed. Female fruits are ovoid, brown, about 1 1/4 inches across, containing a single seed. Seeds germinate easily. The palm is dioecious, with male and female trees, hence the need to have one of each for fruit production. Thrives in sunny open sites with well-drained soils; with plenty of fertilizer and water it may grow quickly. The palm is frost sensitive. The bismarck palm is the ideal specimen tree, outstanding when planted in an open grassy area where its striking appearance is displayed. The species name nobilis is well-deserved. The silver variety described here is the most common, although a green variety also exists.
Bismarck Palm Care: Learn About Growing Bismarck Palms
It’s no wonder the scientific name of the exceptional Bismarck palm is Bismarckia nobilis. It’s one of the most elegant, massive and desirable fan palms you can plant. With a stout trunk and symmetrical crown, it makes a great focal point in your backyard.
Planting Bismarck Palm Trees
Bismarck palms are huge, gracious trees native to the island of Madagascar, off the east coast of Africa. If you are planting Bismarck palm trees, be sure that you reserve enough space. Each tree can grow to 60 feet high with a spread of 16 feet.
In fact, everything about this attractive tree is oversized. The silvery-green copalmate leaves can grow to 4 feet wide, and it isn’t unusual to see trunks as thick as 18 inches in diameter. Experts do not
recommend growing Bismarck palms in a small backyard since they tend to dominate the space.
Growing Bismarck palms is easiest in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, since the species can be damaged by freezing temperatures. Bismarck palm care is not difficult or time-consuming once the tree is established in an appropriate location.
Growing Bismarck Palms
Plant this stunning palm in full sun if you can, but you can succeed at growing Bismarck palms in partial sun too. Select a wind-protected area if possible, since these trees can be injured in windstorms.
Soil type is not critical, and you’ll do fine planting Bismarck palm trees in either sand or loam. Keep an eye out for soil deficiencies. When you are trying to care for a Bismarck palm tree, you will have problems if your soil lacks potassium, magnesium or boron. If a soil test reveals a deficiency, correct it by using a controlled-release granular fertilizer of 8-2-12 plus micronutrients.
Bismarck Palm Care
Aside from mineral deficiencies, you won’t have much to worry about to care for a Bismarck palm tree. Irrigation is important when the palm is young, but established palms are drought tolerant. They also resist disease and pests.
You can prune this palm during every season. However, only remove leaves that are completely dead. Cutting partially dead leaves attracts pests and depletes a palm’s potassium supply.