Shrub with yellow daisy like flowers

Daisy Bush Care: How To Grow An African Bush Daisy

African bush daisies are victims of a common horticultural identity crisis. Botanists are routinely reclassifying plants as they identify each family and genus more accurately with DNA testing. This means plants like African bush daisy may bear the scientific name Gamolepis chrysanthemoides or Euryops chrysanthemoides. The important distinction between the two is the latter part of the name. This indicates that no matter the name, African bush daisy, while a member of the Asteraceae family, takes on the characteristics of common chrysanthemums. Details on how to grow an African bush daisy follow.

Euryops Bush Daisy

The Euryops daisy is a large perennial bush that grows well in warm climates in USDA zones 8 to 11. The plant will bloom all season long or until cold temperatures appear with yellow daisy-like flowers. The deeply cut, lacy leaves cover a bush that may get 5 feet tall and up to 5 feet wide.

Choose a well-drained, but moist, bed in full sun for growing bush daisies. The Euryops bush daisy makes a great border, container or even rock garden display. Provide plenty of space for mature plants when choosing where to plant the bushes.

How to Grow an African Bush Daisy

The Euryops daisy starts easily from seed. In fact, the bush will readily reseed itself in its habitat. Start seeds indoors in flats eight weeks before the last expected frost in the cooler zones. Plant outside on 18- to 24-inch centers.

Once your African bush daisy has established, it has very low maintenance requirements. The lovely flowers are produced in abundance without extreme daisy bush care. For high performance and exceptional display, the Euryops bush daisy cannot be beat in warm and temperate climates.

Daisy Bush Care

In the warmer zones that are appropriate for African bush daisies, little supplemental care is required for a year-round display. In zone 8, cold temperatures, and even periods of freezing, will cause the plant to die back, but it usually re-sprouts in spring. To ensure the plant’s resurrection, pile 3 inches of mulch around the root zone of the plant. Cut down the dead stems in early spring to make way for the new growth.

African bush daisy may also be grown in cooler zones as an annual during the summer. When temperatures are consistently lower than 60 F. (16 C.) flower production will suffer.

Fertilize in spring with an all-purpose fertilizer. As a rule, the stems of the Euryops daisy are sturdy, but occasional staking is necessary.

Nematodes are the biggest problem of African daisies and can be combated with beneficial nematodes.

This plant is so easy to care for that it makes a perfect addition to the warm season garden.

Euryops, yellow bush daisy, or African Yellow Daisy is a marvelous addition to any garden that has a well-drained, full sun situation. This is a plant that provides sunny, yellow daisy-like flower color against a mat of appealing finely cut green or grey-green foliage all season long to some degree (it does not flower as much in very hot conditions, but there will still be a few blooms). It is a tough plant that survives all but the most extreme warm weather conditions including moderate drought. Sadly, this plant is not winter hardy except in the most temperate regions (it’s possible that it might survive in a sheltered area in zones 7 and 8, but no guarantees), but it is easily propagated by stem cuttings that can be overwintered inside, and is fairly readily available at garden centers in most places in the spring.

Euryops comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, from dwarf shrubs to small trees. The two pictured above are shrub-sized 2 foot wide by maybe 2.5 foot tall plants that I grew from store-bought plants in gallon containers. Keep an eye on Euryops for the first few weeks, as it will quickly wilt if it is not given enough water. In my situation, it acts as a barometer at first, telling me when the garden is in need of watering. Once established, however, Euryops will only wilt down in extreme cases and is quite drought tolerant. In fact, this year with the worst drought conditions I have ever seen in the south, my Euryops was the only thing out there that really didn’t seem to suffer much, other than it didn’t get quite as big and bushy as usual.

Whether planting rooted cuttings or store bought plants, dig a nice hole and throw a little compost in, then set the plant in with the soil line the same as it was in the original pot. Use some mulch to keep evenly moist, and water well for several weeks until the plant becomes established, and then let it go! Euryops looks good in groups of 3 and is a great filler for big cottage gardens, English gardens, or perennial gardens. There’s virtually no garden scenario I can think of that couldn’t use a shot of bright yellow all season long. Euryops is a nice, carefree container plant too, so don’t forget to set a pot or two on the deck or patio, and the bright yellow flowers on wiry stems make nice reasonably long-lasting cut flowers. Maintenance is fairly easy – just cut off spent flowers now and again as you pass by to keep the plant healthy and productive.

Pests problems with Euryops are pretty much non-existent. The only real problem you might encounter is rot if you don’t take care to plant in well-drained soil. Euryops will not tolerate soggy feet so prepare your soil well.

Suggestions for uses of Euryops include habitat type situations to attract pollinators, in gardens that need deer-proof flowering plants, as low borders, in sea coast areas (they are tolerant of salt air), or as container plants. This one is a winner, folks, and if you haven’t tried it, seek a Euryops plant or two out next spring!

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Euryops pectinatus (Golden Shrub Daisy) – A much branched shrub that can grow upright to 4 to 5 feet tall by about 4 feet wide but is often pruned to 3 to 4 feet tall and then takes on more equal dimensions. Its silvery- gray slightly hairy leaves are 2 to 4 inches long by about an inch wide with deeply incised margins creating thin feathery lobes. These leaves are spaced alternately along the ends of the stems at density that hides the generally bare stems of the interior of the plant. The bright yellow composite daisy flowers are 1 to 2 inches wide and rise individually on 4 to 6 inch long stalks (peduncles) from branch tips and flowers almost continuously with peak blooms winter into spring in our area. In hotter climates it rests a bit in the mid-summer to begin blooming by fall. It does its best planted in full sun but grows in some shade though flowers less and may require afternoon shade in hot inland deserts. Plant in a relatively well-drained soil with occasional to only little summer water once established but it can also tolerate regular irrigation alongside turf so long as the soil drains very well. It is also seaside tolerant and wood is hardy to about 20 °F with some tip damage possible below 25°F. Trim off dried up flowers to encourage repeat flowering and tip back growth in summer to keep plants dense but use care as branches are brittle so can break easily. Replace or cut back plants severely at least every few years in late spring or summer to allow older plants to rejuvenate. It is a useful fast growing plant for an edging along a shrub border, a filler between other larger shrub, mixed with perennials or planted individually for a flowering accent plant. Foliage is useful in arrangements but flowers do not last long once cut. This plant comes from coastal rocky, sandstone slopes in the south-western Cape Provence from around Gifberg in the north to the South Peninsula (near Cape Town). The name for the genus comes from the Greek words ‘eury’ (or ‘eurys’) meaning “large” or “broad” and ‘ops’ (or ‘opos’) meaning “resemblance”, “sight” or “the eye” probably in reference to the large eye-like flowers. The specific epithet means comb-like in reference the narrow divisions of the divided leaves. Golden Shrub Daisy is also commonly called Golden Daisy Bush, Golden Marguerite, Gray-leaf Euryops, Resin Bush, Yellow Bush Daisy and it Afrikaans name is Wolharpuisbos. This plant has been fairly common in the past but the gray form is less seen these days than the green form called Euryops pectinatus ‘Viridis’. This plant was awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1993 and we sold it from 1979 until 2004. Having not seen it offered much anymore, we decided to grow again in 2015. While we continue to not grow the common green Euryops pectinatus ‘Viridis’ we do grow

The types of daisies

Although seemingly simple in appearance, daisies are actually more like two flowers in one. The main being the rosette of larger petals that surrounds a central disc filled with tiny (real) flowers arranged in tight whorls. It is within these tiny flowers that the stamens and pollen are to be found by visiting insects in search of a rich feed of nectar.

The simplicity of a daisy flower ensures that it will always remain amongst the world’s most recognisable of garden flowers where it can be easily used in any style or size of garden. They are a beacon to most, if not all, forms of beneficial insect life as their shape is the perfect landing platform on which a butterfly or bee can spot easily from afar.

At this time of year, most garden centres and nurseries are filled with daises of all descriptions all equally vying for your attention in the hopes of taking up long term residence in your garden, balcony or patio. There are far too many to mention within the confines of this publication, but let’s look at a few outstanding members of this wide and varied family that can bring a burst of excitement to your outdoor living spaces.

>> marguerite or federation daisies

Marguerite or Federation daisies (Argyranthemum frutescens), remain a highly popular choice with many who enjoy cottage style gardens where they can fill in tight spaces with flashes of vibrant colour for months on end. Well adapted to our Australian climate, Federation Daisies enjoy a nutrient rich, full sun position that is well-drained yet not overly dry. The newer hybrid cultivars have been developed to remain compact in growth while the older forms can reach heights well over one metre. In warm climates, flowers are often produced from mid-winter until late spring, while in more temperate zones; flowering is extended from early spring until mid or late summer and colours include all shades of pink, cerise, yellow and of course, classic white. A light prune by one third is advisable as they enter their final stage of flowering and a generous application of dolomite to help sweeten the soil will keep them happy over the summer.

>> african daisies

African Daisies (Osteospurmum) are the heralds of spring. Also known as the flower of the Veldt in their native South Africa, they are often confused with their (short-lived) cousins the Dimorphotheca. No matter what you call them, their vibrant flowers provide a show that simply lights up a garden. Although similar in appearance to the Marguerite daisy, African daisies are tough contenders in the garden and can withstand growing in difficult sites including steep slopes and coastal gardens. For those in warmer parts of the country, the African daisies are often the better choice for long-term enjoyment throughout our heat-filled summer months. Flower colours range from the deepest violet purple, lavender, white, lilac and lemon yellow, with many sporting an interesting double toned effect with each outer petal boasting a slightly contrasting colour tone on its underside.

>> gazanias

The humble Gazania (Gazania rigens) has graced many gardens now for what seems like generations and has become almost overlooked as one of the most floriferous species that can bring charming colour while providing a living mulch to carpet the ground and help in the control of weeds. There are two distinct forms you can choose from, one that makes tight clumps and another that produces aboveground stolon’s or runners that take root as they spread. This latter form is especially useful at filling up vast spaces in the shortest period of time, while the clumping forms can be easily used as an attractive garden edging. Gazanias are fully capable of growing on steep sites, exposed coastal conditions or anywhere that requires filling with low care and maintenance choices. Take the time to peer closely into the face of a gazania, and you will notice a rainbow of colours that extend from the tips of the petals right into the central eye-zone of the flower. The more sun you allow your gazanias to bath in, the better and stronger they flower. Avoid wet or shady sites as this will only slow them down and can cause the crowns and roots to rot.

>> sunflowers

Sometimes it’s not all about long-term in the garden and two exceptional annual flowering daisies truly tug at the heartstrings.

I don’t know of anyone who frowns when looking at a sunflower. As one of the most recognizable of all daisies, the sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is a joy to have in any garden. Easy to grow in any well-drained sunny corner, they are best grown from seed directly sown into position. Once germinated, they often take only a few short weeks to flower from when they first appear as seedlings. These days colours extend far beyond the sunny golden yellow and can be seen in autumnal shades of bronze, cream, mahogany, orange and mixed shades of all the above. Bees simply adore sunflowers when in bloom so are perfect choices for adding a spark into productive gardens and of course, they make exceptional cut flowers. Sunflowers are an easy way of enticing young children to garden as they see their efforts quickly rewarded while always being excited at the larger than life blooms.

Another member of the sunflower family is the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus). This North American native is not to be confused as a true Artichoke nor is it from Jerusalem!

This is an easy to grow member of the daisy family that can reach heights of over two metres yet unlike most sunflowers, hold many (smaller) heads of golden yellow flowers all at once during late spring and well into summer. They form clusters of edible underground tubers that resemble small potatoes that are simply delicious when dug up each winter when the plants become deciduous. Replanting some of these tubers will ensure further yields the following winter. Most daisies are not renowned for any level of perfume, yet Jerusalem artichokes have a unique scent of milk chocolate and will attract a wide array of beneficial insect life into the garden while also making a good choice as a cut flower. Due to their height, they should be planted towards the back of garden beds where they can form a delightful backdrop to other plants and can sometimes require staking if your site happens to be windy.

>> shasta daisy

If nostalgia is high on the agenda, then the addition of the old fashioned Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum × superbum) should be a definite addition to your garden. This spreading perennial is now available in both dwarf and taller forms and makes excellent cut flowers with their clear white discs that shimmer in the sunlight. Provide Shasta daisies with enough room in full sun to light shade to make strong clumps so the flowers can be held high above the rich apple green foliage. Flowers usually appear (depending on cultivar) from late winter through to early summer and are a favourite of butterflies and bees of all kinds.

>> Edible daisies

Finally, keeping with the ‘productive’ theme, many daisies also play a strong role in the world of herbs. Three in particular are Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea), Calendula (Calendula officinalis) and Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium).

Echinacea is native to North America where is it is a wild flower of the prairies. It is a clump forming (short -term) perennial that forms tall eye-catching magenta flower heads that are long lasting and have a stiff central cone that butterflies find irresistible. Flowers are primarily formed throughout the warmer months in temperate zones yet can be witnessed flowering at any time of the year in warmer climates. Echinacea enjoy a slightly alkaline soil in full sun for best results and can look incredible if mass planted in amongst small, soft grasses and other gentle perennials such as Gaura.

Calendula is a seasonal annual that enjoys the cooler times of the year for strongest growth and doubles up as having tasty, edible flowers in shades of deep orange, gold and apricot. Calendulas are great as additions to the vegetable garden where they can bring bright colour and interest while helping to deter many marauding insects away from other prized plants.

They look equally as charming and content if grown in simple terracotta pots and placed on steps or balconies.

Feverfew is all too often overlooked by many as a desirable addition yet deserves to be seen as a highly useful plant in all gardens. Not only do the clusters of creamy white flowers look very attractive scattered amongst other flowering plants, but they bring a very large amount of natural predators and useful pollinators into any sized garden. Upright sprays to sixty centimeters of delightful small daises are formed all through spring and summer from fragrant foliage that seem to last for weeks on end and can be used well as cut flowers. Feverfew is not to be confused as Chamomile (which is also a daisy) as although it does have edible qualities, makes a very bitter tasting tea.

It must be noted that although Echinacea, Feverfew and Calendula all carry strong (useful) medicinal qualities, it is not recommended that these be used as home remedies unless under the strict guidance of a qualified naturopath or herbalist.

About The Author

Noel Burdette is a highly respected Local horticulturist and plantsman in Se Qld and is well known for his love of naturalistic and softer style gardens . Apart from having his own Private garden consultancy service , Noel can be regularly heard on 1116 4bc talking gardening each Saturday morning and is a contributor to many local garden magazines such as Subtropical gardening , About the Garden and Queensland Smart Farmer (Rural Press) . He is also a regular presenter on the locally produced television programme Blooming in Brisbane” which airs each week on Digital 31. Noel holds a flag highly for healthy backyard ecologies and is often heard at many garden events, clubs and Societies throughout south East Queensland. On request, Noel also offers a private garden consultation and design service. Whenever Noel has the opportunity, he can be found eagerly tending to his own garden “Wildside” which is highly focused on healthy ecology and plant diversity. Visit Noel’s blog http://noel-burdette.com

Daisy-like Flowers In My Garden

I like daisies. I’ve always liked them. But up until this year I couldn’t enjoy their beauty, unless I bought them from the market. Daisies are so lovely! I don’t know why are they so ignored and usually considered wild flowers, not worthy of staying in line with the carnations, imperial lilies, gerbera, roses, or other florist flowers. I’ve never seen daisies at the florists in our country – only at the market – and that says it all!

The daisy’s name comes from an Old English word “daegesege” which means “day’s eye”, referring to their blooming at dawn and closing at dusk. The real daisy is a Chrysanthemum species, also called Oxeye daisy – in Latin, Leucanthemum vulgare. Another daisy species is Pyrethrum or Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium which grows wild on the fields.

I’ve made my garden with the plants and seeds I picked up myself from different places I visited or by exchanging with other gardeners. I always wished I had white daisies growing together with the yellow-red gaillardia and the yellow black-eyed Susan, but I never had the opportunity to find seeds or plants for trade. I was lucky to have pyrethrum growing on the field around my house, as well as helenium and wild asters, so I brought a clump of each in my garden, to replace the real daisies I didn’t have. For the same reason I even let the wild chamomile grow and bloom in my garden, but not for long because it grows too much and takes over. So I only enjoyed the blooms and then pulled it out.

Daisies and all daisy-like flowers are from the Asteraceae family – aster meaning star in Greek, after their flower’s shape. Plants in this family are also commonly referred to as the aster, daisy or sunflower family. Asteraceae family is one of the largest family among the angiosperms (flowering plants). No wonder that so many flowers have the daisy-like shape! Since I like them so much, I managed to find seeds from many daisy-like flowers. From spring to fall, they’re blooming and changing from one month to another, cheering my garden. In May the pot marigolds and gaillardias are starting to bloom for the summer, then the rudbeckias in June, and later, in July, the sunflowers and zinnias.

Starting September, asters are taking over, then the daisy-like mums in October.

April was the only month without daisy-like blooms, but this spring I had it covered because I had lots of real daisies blooming, to my delight. I never used to buy seeds from the store, but I started with the daisy seeds. I sowed the seeds in several spots of my garden last spring and they grew over last summer, then came back after the winter and started to bloom this spring. I still remember a tip from the seed package, “deadhead daisies, otherwise they will take over of your garden”. I did that, but I missed a few which made me understand that warning : daisies are self-sown plants, very invasive, so now I have more little daisies popping out from those missed seeds. Lucky I have many friends who would love to have daisies in their gardens! I already have orders for a few clumps. These beautiful flowers will cheer up more gardens and more people, not only for their beauty, but also for the fun they can bring in people’s life. According to some sources, daisies symbolize innocence and purity, and also new beginnings, “loyal love” or ” I will never tell”. Daisies are also the lovers’ favorite plants for playing the “He loves me, he loves me not” game, by ripping off one petal after another from one daisy flower. According to where it stops – at “he loves me” or at “he loves me not”- he or she finds out whether their lover loves them truly – or not! Almost everytime, if the game stops at “he loves me not” , the lover takes another flower and starts again – I know that very well, I did that too! If you are at the beginning of a new love and are wondering whether your lover loves you or not, this is the way to find out. Just go and find some daisies, then start playing. You’ll love it and it’ll be such fun!

– http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteraceae

– http://www.theflowerexpert.com/content/growingflowers/flowersandgeography/daisies

If you’re a newbie to gardening and are starting to plant flowers around your yard, these common daisy flowers might be of interest to you.

Daisies are one of the most recognizable and common flowers. Nearly everyone can recognize the classic shape of a daisy: white petals surrounding a bright yellow center. However, there are thousands of varieties of daisies, ranging in size, shape, and naturally occurring colors. Some daisies you may not even realize are daisies.

The popularity of daisies is based on just how common the flowers are, like roses, but without the price tag. A bouquet of daisies can be picked up inexpensively for a girlfriend or wife, as a surprise. These beauties come in so many colors, and can easily be dyed colors that they don’t naturally come in, that the big blooms can complement nearly any garden.

Planting daisies in your garden is a great place to start for beginners, as sun-loving daisies grow quickly, continuously, and are pretty tough to kill, whether by too much love, or not enough.

Some of the most common daisy flowers that you may not even have realized are daisies are waiting for you to find a place for them in your garden!

1. Gloriosa Daisy

Gloriosa daisies, or rudbeckia hirta, are more commonly known as black-eyed susans or brown-eyed susans. These are annuals that bloom in late summer and early autumn. Widely cultivated in parks and gardens during the summer for summer displays, wildflower gardens, and prairie themed beddings, this is also the Maryland state flower, and can be seen at nearly every Maryland festival. The vase life of gloriosa daisies is about 10 days.

2. Marguerite Daisy

Marguerite Daisies, or argyranthemum frutescens, are commonly called Paris daisy. This variety of daisy is native to the Canary Island, with thicker petals than other daisies. They are popular as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks, and do best in full-sun. They bloom throughout the spring and summer, although they are most beautiful in the spring. In private gardens, they are frequently used at the borders of houses because they grow continuously. These big, beautiful blooms attract a lot of butterflies, so butterfly watchers tend to love these showy flowers.

3. Shasta Daisy

Shasta Daisies, or leucanthemum x superbum, are commonly grown perennials with the classic daisy appearance of thin white petals around a bright yellow center. Shasta daisies are a hybrid produced in 1890, and have become a favorite garden plant and ground cover. Like other members of the daisy family, shasta daisies are popular because they’re easy to grow and hard to kill.

4. Gerbera Daisy

Gerbera Daisies are native to the tropical regions of South America, Asia, and Africa. These come in bright shades of yellow, orange, white, pink, or red, and are widely used as ornamental flowers or plants. Gerbera daisies are actually the 5th most cut flower in the entire world, and last up to a week in a vase, making them popular with flower arrangers. These big showy blooms are attractive to both bees and butterflies, but vulnerable to deer, so a fence may be required to keep your gerberas alive.

5. Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflowers, or echinacea purpurea, are perennial, ornamental flowers that, like most daisies, love the sun. This variation is native to North America, and has been used for medicinal purposes by native peoples for hundreds of years. Wild-growing purple coneflowers are almost always the vibrant purple we tend to see in gardens, which makes these flowers popular, like black-eyed susans, in wildflower or prairie gardens.

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