Queen palm cold tolerance

Queen Palm Tree
The resilient Queen Palm tree is Native to South America, primarily from Brazil to the Argentina. Queen Palms are easily found in many landscapes throughout Florida and California. Although not a native to North America, it has found a home in tropical to sub-tropical areas. The Queen Palm tree is also cold hardy during times of winter months and has also been seen withstanding snowfall. It is characterized by its white-pale trunk and ever-green feathery leaves. The Queen Palm tree is used in most subtropical landscapes because of the cost and the quick growth of the palm tree. The Queen Palm tree is seen in groupings as well as solitary. The pinnate leaves of the Queen Palm tree are feathery with an ever-green color. The stem of the leaf can be 5 to 15 ft long with each leaflet blade approximately 18 to 36 inches long. The trunk of the Queen Palm tree is pale-white with noticeable rings where the leaves have fallen off. The Queen Palm tree is a great for curb appeal and can be placed in unique groupings to create a serene landscape.
Large Palm Wholesale Nursery
For export/import pricing on large wholesale palm trees or Caribbean Tropical Plant Foliage please contact us at 888-RPT-AGRO or contact us via email at customer.servicerealpalmtrees.com

How Much Does a Palm Tree Cost?

Written by: Howmuchisit.org Staff Last Updated: August 7, 2018

Palm trees are in a family of plants known as Arecaceae, a family which consists of many plants and shrubs. Palm trees usually grow in hot climates but are capable of growing in other types of climates as well.

“Palm Tree” (CC BY 2.0) by jonkriz

How much does a palm tree cost?

The cost of a palm tree will really depend on the type of palm tree you’re purchasing, the size and the nursery you’re purchasing it from.

On average, a 3-gallon palm tree is going to cost anywhere from $15 to $45. A 7-gallon will cost anywhere from $50 to $70. A palm tree, which can be four to six feet, can cost $145 to $325. A tree close to 10 feet can cost $250 to $575. Larger trees taller than 11 feet can cost anywhere from $500 to more than $2,000.

Refer to our chart below for the most popular palm trees, along with the average costs of each one that we found at nurseries located throughout the United States.

Type Description Price Range
Areca Palm Reaching heights of 20 feet, it will be wider at the top and up to 10 feet in diameter. – $30 for 5 gallon
Bottle Palm Considered to be a dwarf palm and caps out at 10 feet in height. – $60 for small
– $250 for medium
– $880 for large
Canary Island A very large palm that can grow up to 70 feet tall and 25 feet wide. – $15 for 12 inches
– $40 for 24 inches
– $100 for 36 inches
– $175 for 48 inches
– $275 for 72 inches
Dwarf Date Native to Asia, the Dwarf Date can grow up to 12 feet tall and isn’t commonly found in the United States. – $15 for 8 inches
– $22 for 16 inches
– $55 for 36 inches
Dwarf Palmetter Capping out at 12 feet tall, it has a rich green leaf and is one of the most cold tolerant palm trees on the market. – $15 for 8 inches
– $90 for 24 inches
– $200 for 36 inches
European Fan Native to Europe, this palm tree is very cold tolerant and is known for its green to silvery colored leaves. It can grow up to 10 feet tall. – $13 for 12 inches
‘- $70 for 36 inches
– $200 for 60 inches
Foxtail Grows up to 60 feet tall, 12 feet wide and is drought tolerant. Easy to grow and will require full sun. – $65 for 6.5 gallon
Lady Palm Dark glossy leaves perfect for indoor settings. This tree can grow up to 14 feet tall. – $45 for 12 inches
– $80 for 36 inches
– $120 for 60 inches
Mediterranean Fan Palm Shaped like a triangle and can grow about 24 inches wide and up to 15 feet tall. It will be slower growing than most. – $50 for 3 gallon
Mexican Fan These commonly planted palm trees can grow as high as 100 feet tall and will have a trunk that reaches about 12 inches diameter. – $40 for 24 inches
– $85 for 48 inches
– $120 for 60 inches
– $200 for 72 inches
Needle Palm One of the most cold tolerant palm in the world, this tree can withstand temperatures well below zero. This palm has a needly-like trunk and bristles all around. It grows up to 10 feet tall. – $35 for 12 inches
– $225 for 36 inches
– $525 for 60 inches
Phoenix Palm A genus of palm tree that can grow up to 75 feet. – $50 for 3 gallon
Pigmy Date Palm Known as a “miniature date palm” or “Robellini,” the pigmy palm matures at 12 feet. – $35 for 7 gallon
– $70 for 15 gallon
– $100 for 18 inches
– $200 for 24 inches
Pindo This very drought tolerant palm can grow up to 20 feet tall and is known for its large cluster of orange fruits. – $13 for 12 inches
– $40 for 24 inches
– $175 for 60 inches
– $300 for 72 inches
Pineapple Palm A robust palm that looks like a pineapple, hence, the name. They grow slowly, forming a large trunk with fronds rising from the ground. – $30 for 3 gallon
Queen Palm One of the most popular palm trees found in most yards, this tree requires very little maintenance and grow as tall as 50 feet.
Rhapis With a bamboo-like appearance, these trees can make a great alternative to shrubs or a bush. – $50 for 3 gallon
Sabal Growing from the ground, these palms will be very hardy and can be very slow to grow. – $20 for 24 inches
Sago One of the slowest growing trees that grows symmetrically. It can take over 100 years to reach 20 feet in height. – $20 for 12 inches
– $104 for 24 inches
– $200 for 36 inches older than 7 years old.
Saw Palmetto Estimated to have been around for 700 years, this palm tree caps out at about 15 feet. – $30 for 8 inches
– $105 for 14 inches
– $225 for 26 inches
Silver Saw Tends to be a very rare tree on the market. This cold hardy palm is slow growing and often grows in containers. – $30 for 8 inches
– $105 for 16 inches
– $225 for 26 inches
Sylvester Palm Reaching as high as 40 feet, this palm is known for its silvery green leaves. – $15 for 12 inches
– $40 for 24 inches
– $175 for 48 inches
– $300 for 72 inches
Windmill Considered one of the only palms that can grow in colder climates, this tree can grow up to 30 feet tall. – $15 for 12 inches
– $42 for 24 inches
– $250 for 60 inches
– $600 for 60 inches and five foot wide trunk

What are the extra costs?

Palm trees, depending on the variety, will need to be trimmed at least twice a year. As they grow taller, you will more than likely need a professional to do the job since it can dangerous to do it on your own. Plan on budgeting at least $60 to more than $150 per tree to have it trimmed properly.

Some nurseries will charge a delivery fee if you don’t meet the minimum spending requirement.

Fertilizers are highly recommended to make they grow at a healthy rate. Palm tree outdoor fertilizers can cost anywhere from $10 to $22 per pack.

If you need to have the palm tree planted, landscaping companies will charge per tree. This is going to depend on the size, the setup of your yard, and how far they have to travel.

Tips to know

Carefully choose a location where you want to palm tree as you don’t want to plant it too close to a fence line, house or even power lines.

Very few species enjoy the partial shade, so it’s always best to consider a location that gets full sun.

During the first few months of planting your palm tree, it’s recommended you water the roots at least daily to ensure the soil is well saturated around the base of the tree. As the tree matures, a few waterings per month will be sufficient enough.

How can I save money?

Keep your eyes peeled for special discounts and/or sales. Many big name nurseries will commonly hold sales or even offer some sort of coupon on their official website.

Advertising Disclosure: This content may include referral links. Please read our disclosure policy for more info.

Average Reported Cost: $89

Less Expensive $1 $1.5K $3K $5K $6.5K More Expensive $8k

Palm Trees Care – Climate Zone Maps for Successfully Growing and Caring for Cold Hardy Palm Trees

Palm Trees, with proper care, planting, moisture and climate are grown all over the world even in locations with freezing cold winters. Canada serves a Northern reference point and many types of Palm Trees can grow there. The main factors affecting hardiness are the minimum winter temperature, the number of hours of cold every winter, the amount of heat every summer, and the relative wetness or dryness of the climate. In general, Palms are not particularly hardy. Many are actually injured by a single freezing night. Others Palms withstand zero degrees F for short periods without damage. Palm trees ability to grow in cold weather and planting and caring for instructions can be found at Basic Palm Requirements and Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on Care of Palms

Palm Tree purchasing requires determining what climate zone you are in. Click on the climate numbers at the top of the climate zone map to get information on the weather, moisture and general growing conditions for plants and palm trees in that zone. We have additional in depth information for Palm Tree culture enthusiasts concerning the purpose of the USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Maps and many other more detailed maps broken down by states to determine if a particular Palm will grow in your area. For a comparison of the winter hardy tolerances, palm growth rates and other attributes of palm trees refer to the Palm Trees Comparitive Summary. To find out your Hardiness Zone by zip code .

Map Enabling Palm enthusiasts to help selelct a hardy Palm tree for their microenvironment

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 1


Minimum temperatures:

Below -50° F

The coldest areas of the North American continent are found in Zone 1. Only the hardiest plants will survive in the extreme winter cold and short growing season of Zone 1. Palm Trees will not survive in this freeze zone.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 2


Minimum temperatures:

Below -50° F

Zone 2 stretches primarily across most of Northern Canada to Alaska’s interior and the Bering Sea; some of the highest mountain areas of Wyoming and Montana also fall into this zone. Although still an area of extremely cold winters, Zone 2 is modified by the warming influence of large bodies of water. As in Zone 1, the growing season is short.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 3


Minimum temperatures:

-40 to -30°F

Zone 3 can be found in Alaska; southern Canada; along Hudson Bay and mainland Newfoundland; in the interior areas of Maine, Vermont, and upstate New York; across the northern Midwest; and into Montana. Some of the highest regions in Wyoming, Utah and Colorado also fall in this zone. The lower latitudes mean winter is not as cold as in Zones 1 and 2, but frosts can still occur any night of the year and the growing season is short.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 4


Minimum temperatures:

-30 to -20°F

Zone 4 generally falls at a more southerly latitude than Zones 1 through 3. Large bodies of water throughout much of this zone also help to create warmer winters and a longer growing season. Zone 4 gardens grow mostly in a belt across the north central United States from southern Montana to central Wisconsin and into Michigan, and down into the high Rocky Mountain regions of Colorado. It also includes southwest Maine and most of the northern regions of Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 5


Minimum temperatures:

-20 to -10°F

Although gardeners in Zone 5 still experience winter cold, this zone benefits from lower latitudes and an ocean influence. In the eastern United States, it stretches across Newfoundland and Nova Scotia and along the seacoast of Maine and New Hampshire. It continues through western Massachusetts and midstate New York, northern Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, much of Michigan, southern Iowa and Nebraska, northern Missouri and Kansas, and eastern Colorado. In the interior West, this zone forms a patchwork pattern that extends from New Mexico into British Columbia, the southern Alaskan coast and the Aleutians. Gardeners here can still grow some plants.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 6


Minimum temperatures:

-10 to 0°F

Zone 6’s southern latitude bestows a long growing season and milder climate than Zone 5. It begins along the coasts of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York and northern New Jersey, then extends southwest through the country’s midsection to northern Texas. In the West, Zone 6 includes parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington, then extends narrowly north along the coast of Alaska. Eastern gardens contend with humidity, while in the West dry heat and a lack of rainfall are the growing and caring challenges.

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 7


Minimum temperatures:

0 to 10°F

Zone 7 is the middle ground of gardening in the United States. With lower elevations and longer days, proper care and planting will enable the following Palm Trees to grow.

Dwarf Palmetto Palms 7+
Mediterranean Fan Palm Trees 7+
Sabal Palms 7+

It covers a Southern belt from Delaware into northern Georgia, then continues west into southern Oklahoma and northern Texas. In the East, ocean influences allow Zone 7 to continue north along the New Jersey coast, Long Island and Cape Cod. Westerly, it snakes through southern New Mexico, bits of Arizona, Nevada and southern Utah, up the eastern border of California into the central mountainous regions of Oregon and Washington, and into Alaska’s Inland Passage. With lower elevations and longer days, among the many plants that thrive in Zone 7 are Acer macrophyllum (bigleaf maple), Rhododendron Kurume hybrids (Kurume azalea), Cedrus atlantica (Atlas cedar), Cotoneaster microphylla (small-leaf cotoneaster) Ilex aquifolium (English holly) and Taxus baccata (English yew).

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 8


Minimum temperatures:

10 to 20°F

Zone 8 skirts near the western and southern borders of the United States, from the rainforests of Washington’s coast to the coast of North Carolina. Winters here are relatively warm, growing seasons are long., and rhododendrons flourish. In the East, you’ll encounter hot, humid summers; in the Northwest you’ll enjoy mild summers with some of the best American gardening climate; and in the Southwest you’ll have the definite winters and hot, dry summers of the desert. Some of the palms that that you can plant, grow and care for are:

California Fan Palm Trees 8+
Canary Island Date Palm Trees 8+
Chinese Windmill Palm Trees 8+
Date Palms 8+
European Fan Palm Trees 8+
Mexican Fan Palm Trees 8+
Needle Palms 8+
Pindo Palms 8+
Queen Palms 8+
Saw Palmetto Palms 8+
Sago Palm 8+

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 9


Minimum temperatures:

20 to 30°F

One of the smallest regions in the plant hardiness zone map, Zone 9 includes central Florida, the Gulf coast of Louisiana and Texas, much of California and the southern Oregon coast. This mild-winter region is characterized by a long growing season and almost no winter freeze. Summers are either hot and dry or hot and humid. Some of the palms that that you can plant, grow and care for are:

Chinese Fan Palms 9+
Pygmy Date Palm Trees 9+

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 10


Minimum temperatures:

30 to 40°F

Zone 10 is virtually free of winter chill and is dominated by balmy ocean influences. It stretches along parts of the California coast and covers the tip of Florida into the Florida Keys. Zone 10 can also be found in northern Kauai and the central part of the island of Hawaii. This is the home of subtropical and tropical plants, with a yearlong growing season and heat modified by the ocean. Some of the palms that that you can plant, grow and care for are:

Florida Royal Palm Tree 10+

Zones: Winter Hardiness Zone 11


Minimum temperatures:

40°F and above

Tropical Zone 11 is found in Hawaii and the lowermost Florida Keys, where oceanic breezes and influences dominate. This is the true tropical paradise zone, with a mild year-round temperature and a growing season that extends year-round, where gardening dangers exist far more from tropical storms or the occasional volcano than from freezing weather.

Palm Trees Are Spreading Northward. How Far Will They Go?

by Marie DeNoia Aronsohn |March 19, 2018

A mature Alexandra palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) in the understory of the Daintree rainforest, Australia. Photo: Tammo Reichgelt

What does it take for palm trees, the unofficial trademark of tropical landscapes, to expand into northern parts of the world that have long been too cold for palm trees to survive? A new study, led by Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory researcher Tammo Reichgelt, attempts to answer this question. He and his colleagues analyzed a broad dataset to determine global palm tree distribution in relation to temperature.

“In our paper, we draw a fully quantitative line in the sand and ask, ‘How cold is too cold for palms?’” said Reichgelt.

Reichgelt and co-authors David Greenwood from Brandon University and Ph.D. student Christopher West from the University of Saskatchewan launched the study to investigate how plants will redistribute as climate zones shift. This is important for predicting how landscapes and ecosystems will evolve. Palms are particularly interesting to the researchers because they cannot propagate in freezing temperatures.

“Palms are therefore sensitive indicators of changing climates, both in the remote geological past and in the present day,” said Greenwood.

There are signs that palms have already begun flourishing in untraditional settings at higher latitudes. One study found them in the foothills of the Swiss Alps, after a decorative palm escaped cultivation into the mountains; it spread simply because frost is not as prevalent as it used to be.

The new study, published in Nature’s Scientific Reports,
concludes that the absolute limit of palm distribution depends on the average temperature of a region’s coldest month, which has to be above 2 degrees Celsius or 36 degrees Fahrenheit. The findings offer a glimpse into the possible effects of climate change; as climate zones shift northward, plant habitats might, too.

“As an example, this means that at present, Washington DC is just a little too cold (34 degrees F in January) for palms to successfully propagate in the wild, but that you can expect range expansion in the coming decades as average winter temperatures warm up,” said Reichgelt.

Rising average temperatures are making it easier for palm trees to survive in areas that are not typically considered tropical. Graphic: Tammo Reichgelt

The findings also help retrace Earth’s past climates. The study found that the mere presence of palms in the fossil record indicates that past temperatures remained at or above a minimum possible amount (at least 2 to 5 degrees C).

“A palm tree conjures up images of the tropics,” said Reichgelt. “But palm trees weren’t always confined to the tropical places.”

Furthermore, the researchers found out that the temperature tolerance range of palm trees strongly depends on its evolutionary heritage. The specific palm species and its place on the palm family phylogenetic tree determines its minimum cold tolerance.

“If you find a palm fossil and can determine its affinity to a modern subgroup of the palm family, you can, using our data, determine the temperature of the climate of when that palm was growing,” explained Reichgelt.

In reconstructions past climates, the presence of palms is usually considered indicative of warm, equable climate conditions. Reichgelt says palm fossils have been identified from the Antarctic more than a 50 million years ago and that, among other things, has led researchers to call the Antarctic at that time “near-tropical.”

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How To Create A Outdoor Oasis With Palms, Trees, & Shrubs

How many times have you wanted to bring home that lush and tropical vegetation from your trip to Hawaii, Costa Rica, Aruba, or anywhere else in the world? If the answer is EVERY TIME, then you’re not alone and we couldn’t agree more!

We absolutely love creating outdoor oases and fortunately for us, the climate we reside in makes it an ideal place to plant different varieties of palms, trees, and shrubs for that outdoor oasis feel, especially around pools and water features. In addition, the spring season is a great time to plant everything as it will give the new material in your outdoor oasis time to acclimate and ensure continued growth through the summer.

Turn your backyard into a year-round vacation with our palms, trees, and shrubs for an outdoor oasis!

Piru Queen Palm
The Moon Valley Piru Queen is specifically designed for our climate. They are custom grown at our farms to be extra hardy in heat and cold. These palms have distinctive appearances compared to other palms that you will see and their thicker trunks and fuller crowns make these stand out when compared to the rest. Plant the Piru Queen Palm wherever you want to add tropical flair. These palms are great planted in groups to help provide shade and are awesome in tight planting locations.

Instant shade, privacy, and curb appeal is what makes the Ficus our #1 selling tree. These trees perform well in any landscape and as an evergreen, the Ficus will keep its dark, dense and lush foliage all year long. They handle the heat very well and can be pruned to any shape. We offer three different variations of Ficus: Single-trunk, multi-trunk, and column, which are a great choice as a barrier for blocking sun, noise, wind, and those pesky neighbors. (Ficus not available in Las Vegas)

Pineapple Palm
Named for its resemblance to a pineapple when the palm is younger, the Pineapple Palm produces wide fronds and requires space when planted around a pool. It grows slowly, eventually forming a wide trunk and its fronds begin to rise from the ground, creating a classic palm tree shape. The Pineapple Palm can handle the cold and loves the sun. It’s a popular choice for tropical landscape and is commonly seen around resorts.

Mexican Fan Palm
A classic resort style palm tree, the Mexican Fan Palm features a single trunk and is desired for its ease of growth. It can handle cold weather and thrives in the sun. The Mexican Fan Palm looks great when planted in clusters and its trunk can be skinned for a unique “cigar cut” effect that lends itself to a more formal appearance.

For a tree that puts on a truly spectacular floral show, consider a Jacaranda. These trees often grow with multiple trunks, making them an interesting addition to your landscape. In the spring and summer, the Jacaranda tree produces purple trumpet-like flowers. This tree grows very fast and provides a soft, filtered shade with incredible blooms.

Mediterranean Fan Palm
Compact size and ability to thrive in the hot summer months and survive the cool winters has made the Mediterranean Fan Palm a popular choice for an outdoor oasis. Commonly used as a stand-alone focal point around pools, the Mediterranean Fan Palm sprouts multiple trunks and is slow growing. The require minimal pruning and can be drought tolerant. As a bonus, they look great in containers.

Sago Palm
It’s smaller size and slow growth make it an ideal choice for any landscape around your pool. The Sago Palm is easy to maintain and is cold hardy. It can grow in partial to full sun and actually grows a tad faster when planted in areas with more shade. Because they grow slow, the Sago Palm is a great choice for planting in pots around your pool. pool.

Blue Hibiscus
Bright blue/purple flowers make this tree a favorite for any outdoor oasis in need of accent color. Fast growing, this shrub is drought and frost tolerant and absolutely loves the sun. Its flowers bloom in early spring and these can be grown as a shrub or small tree

This medium to large growing shrub blooms large bright tropical flowers with dark green foliage. They thrive in pots but need well-prepared garden soil that drains well for maximum potential.

Arabian Jasmine
Identified by its extremely fragrant white star shaped flowers, the Star Jasmine is a cold hardy shrub that will twine itself up a fence or trellis quickly covering a wall with thick dark green leaves. It blooms in late spring and throughout the summer. The Star Jasmine is best used for an outdoor oasis or transition areas and can grow in pots. It can grow in shade to full sun and performs best when planted in well-drained soil.

Tropical Bird of Paradise
This large tropical ornamental plant produces huge banana-like leaves with eye-catching bright orange and blue flowers that add a tropical splash to any landscape. This plant can reach five feet in height and will acclimate to full sun. The Tropical Bird of Paradise is also a great patio container plant, entryway accent, and poolside plant.

One of the most colorful plants around, the Lantana thrives in the hot summer months and blooms throughout the spring and fall in purple, white, pale yellow, red, gold, or pink colors. In the winter, the Lantana will drop its foliage and then re-leaf in the very early spring. The Lantana is one of the fastest growing ground covers and is drought tolerant.

The tropical oasis you’ve envisioned can become a reality by the summer if you take advantage of the spring planting season. Planting in the spring will give your new investment the best chance to establish and avoid shock and stress. Stop in a speak with any of our oasis experts at any Moon Valley location.

Creating paradise at home: Choosing palms for your landscape

When looking to add a stunning focal point to a landscape or bring a bit of that tropical vacation feeling to a home, palm trees can do it all. Palms are a staple in Southern California and the perfect choice for adding value to a home and creating curb appeal. Their spectacular silhouettes radiate star power and “paradise” vibes.

Below are our top five palm recommendations:

The Kentia is very adaptable to a range of soil conditions. (Courtesy photo)

Kentia Palm: These beauties are found in luxury resorts and planted around swimming pools. They are a common sight in the San Diego area, often seen planted in rows along coastal areas. Kentia Palms have deep-green fronds that arch out from the crown, creating a tropical canopy.


This variety of palm is very adaptable to a range of soil conditions and they are some of the cleanest palm trees, requiring little pruning. Some say they look best skinned, where the mottled trunk looks amazing with landscape lighting.

King Palms are extremely hardy, drought-resistant and require minimal water. (Courtesy photo)

King Palm: What’s not to love about the King Palm? Its clean look, multicolored trunk and dark-green fronds make it a stunning addition to landscapes across the region. The King Palm’s trunk is smooth with a lime-green crown shaft. As the palm grows, the oldest fronds pull away from the trunk, exposing the brown trunk underneath with growth rings. This palm also produces seasonal purple flowers, providing beautiful color. King Palms are extremely hardy, drought-resistant and require minimal water. Use them as a wow factor or plant them in rows as a lush, vibrant backdrop to a landscape.

Pineapple Palm: Also known as the Canary Island Date Palm, this tree is characterized by its dense canopy of dark-green fronds, a stout trunk and a pineapple-like crown. The distinct diamond pattern on the trunk lends to its majestic look. This low-maintenance and slow-growing palm loves full sun exposure and warm climates. When planted in groups, this palm provides a shady spot and long-lasting character to any yard

Advertisement Add curb appeal by planting a Piru Queen Palm in the front yard as a focal point or bordering a driveway. (Courtesy photo)

Piru Queen Palm: Piru Queen Palms are heat-tolerant and feature dark-green palm fronds and a fuller crown, which provides shade. These are low-maintenance trees that are also prized for having a look that complements all styles and types of landscapes.

Add curb appeal by planting them in the front yard as a focal point or lining a driveway, creating a grand entrance. Queen Palms are perfect to create a tropical paradise around pools and backyards.

Make them even more stunning by adding nighttime lighting.

Date Palm: A great addition to any landscape, Date Palms bring the look and feel of the upscale resort. We encourage planting them around swimming pools where their

Planting the Date Palm in groups or rows will create a cool canopy of shade. (Courtesy photo)

reflection can be admired in smooth water. Uplighting adds nighttime drama and creates a stunning silhouette against light-colored walls. The palms also work well when planted in groups, lined along a long driveway or to create regal accents by using staggered heights. Date Palms are also the ideal specimen for landscaping larger areas. Planting them in groups or rows will create a cool canopy of shade.

To find out how to incorporate these or other plants or trees into a new or existing landscape, visit the nursery professionals at Palm Paradise at 26437 N. Centre City Pkwy. and Moon Valley Nurseries at 26334 Mesa Rock Road in Escondido, or visit moonvalleynurseries.com


Queen Palm Tree – Cold Hardy Palms

Queen Palm Trees – (Syagrus romanzoffiana)

Native to Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina in South America. This palm is now widely planted as a landscape item. The Queen Palm has:

  • Growing to maximum height of about 50 feet.
  • smooth straight grey trunk ringed with evenly spaced leaf scars and topped with a large canopy of feathery plumes
  • lacy fronds are a dark glossy green and have double rows of leaflets.

Queen Palm Trees Overview

This palm has a smooth straight gray trunk ringed with evenly spaced leaf scars and topped with a large canopy of feathery fronds. The fronds are dark green and have double rows of leaflets. This palm is noted for its spectacular clusters of flowers and fruits. The flower clusters burst from large pods during the summer. In early winter, the green fruit clusters appear. The spherical-shaped fruit eventually turns bright orange, hanging in clusters up to six feet in length. In each fruit there is a single hard seed with three spots.

This stately, single-trunked palm is crowned by a beautiful head of glossy, bright green, soft, pinnate leaves forming a graceful, drooping canopy. The ornamental, bright orange dates are produced in hanging clusters and ripen during the winter months. The dead fronds are persistent and often require pruning to remove. It is popular in commercial or home landscapes planted in rows on 15-foot centers to line a street or walk, in clusters or occasionally as a specimen. The grey trunk is ringed with old leaf scars.

Queen Palm Tree Information

Scientific name: Syagrus romanzoffiana
Pronunciation: sigh-AY-gruss roe-man-zoff-ee-AY-nuh
Common name(s): Queen Palm
Family: Arecaceae
USDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11 (Fig. 2)
Origin: not native to North America


Height: 25 to 50 feet
Spread: 15 to 25 feet
Crown uniformity: irregular
Crown shape: palm, upright/erect
Crown density: open
Growth rate: fast
Texture: fine

Queen Palm Foliage

Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. 3)
Leaf type: odd-pinnately compound
Leaf margin: entire
Leaf shape: lanceolate
Leaf venation: parallel
Leaf type and persistence: evergreen
Leaf blade length: 12 to 18 inches, 18 to 36 inches
Leaf color: green
Fall color: no color change
Fall characteristic: not showy

Queen Palm Trees Flowers

Flower color: white/cream/gray
Flower characteristics: showy

Queen Palm Tree Fruit

Fruit shape: round
Fruit length: .5 to 1 inch
Fruit covering: fleshy
Fruit color: orange
Fruit characteristics: does not attract wildlife; showy; fruit/leaves a litter problem

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: branches don’t droop; not showy; typically one trunk; thorns
Pruning requirement: little required
Breakage: resistant
Current year twig color: not applicable
Current year twig thickness:
Wood specific gravity: unknown

Queen Palm Tree Culture

Light requirement: full sun
Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; acidic; well-drained; occasionally wet
Drought tolerance: moderate
Aerosol salt tolerance: moderate


Roots: not a problem
Winter interest: no
Outstanding tree: no
Ozone sensitivity: unknown
Verticillium wilt susceptibility: resistant
Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases

Queen Palm Trees Usage and Maintenance

Growing best in full sun, Queen Palm is most suited for acidic, well-drained soils and shows severe mineral deficiencies on alkaline soil. This disfigures the palm by stunting the young leaves and can kill it. Unfortunately, Queen Palm is frequently planted in alkaline soil and requires regular preventive applications of manganese and/or iron to help keep the fronds green. Potassium deficiency is also displayed on older fronds in well-drained soils. Quick-growing Queen Palm responds well to ample moisture and fertilizer and is slightly salt-tolerant. After planting Queen Palm in the landscape, growth is rapid. This palm is not affected by lethal yellowing disease.

Pruning off too many fronds at one time can cause the palm to decline. Growth often slows with new foliage aborting to display distorted leaflets. The trunk is also very susceptible to decay. Prevent injury to the trunk by keeping turf well away from the trunk.

Propagation is by seed and volunteers will often appear under fruiting trees.

Queen Palm Pests

Palm leaf skeletonizer and scale are problems for Queen Palm

Queen Palm Tree diseases

Ganoderma butt rot can kill Queen Palm. It probably enters the trunk most often through wounds in the lower trunk and roots. There is no control for butt rot, only prevention.

Q:   My Queen palm appears to be dead.  Will it come back?

Queen palm freeze damage

A: The short answer is you will have to wait until later in the spring by determining if any fronds come out green. The long answer is regarding which palms really can tolerate our colder winter weather. I know you are thinking you moved here because the average temperature is well above freezing, which is true, but nothing about this and the previous winter falls into the “average” category.

Queen palms, Syagrus romanzoffiana, have feathery fronds and tall slender trunks which reach heights of up to 50 feet. The cold hardiness zone for this palm is 9B – 11. We are in cold hardiness zone 8B-9A which is just above the Queen palm’s preferred area. This explains why so many of these palms have suffered over the last two years.

It would be better to choose a cold hardy palm such as Pindo, Cabbage, Chinese Fan or Indian Date. Refrain from planting the Pygmy Date Palm, Phoenix roebelenii, as it is also a south Florida palm in the 10-11 cold hardiness zones. The photos attached were taken by me last year after the freezing temperatures occurred and the Queen and Pygmy palms did not recover.

We have several cold hardy palms in the UF/IFAS Nassau County demonstration garden, which we will be refurbishing later this spring and summer. Remember to use palm fertilizer on your palms spring, summer and fall. For more complete information check out the publications from the University of Florida on the Queen palm: and the Pygmy Date palm:

by kathywarner

Posted: July 5, 2017

Category: Home Landscapes

Tags: Queen palms, Syagrus romanzoffiana

Syagrus romanzoffiana

Habitat and distribution

Syagrus romanzoffiana is Native to the South American woodlands of, ArgentinaGerminated in 1993, edric, Oak Hill, Florida. Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, and Uruguay, but is now prevalent, in many other sub-tropical locations.

Origin and Habitat: South America, from northern Argentina north to eastern Brazil and west to eastern Bolivia, but widely introduced in tropical and subtropical areas due to its popularity as an ornamental garden tree. It has naturalized, often becoming invasive, in the Australian state of Queensland, in the United States state of Florida and elsewhere in favourable habitats. (Llifle.com)

Habitat: native forest and rainforest particularly along river banks and near the coast. (Llifle.com)

Ecology: Its fruits are sought by birds, as well as by mammals. It spreads by seed that is bat-dispersed. (Llifle.com)

The Queen Palm is a medium-sized palm, generally reaching 10-15 meters, (30-50 feet) in height. It has a variable trunk, that can range from 6 inches to 20 inches. Fruit is bright orange, 1 inch oval “dates” hang in impressive 6′ bunches creating a colorful show. The party’s over though, when they fall to the ground creating sticky piles of rotting fruit, that attract disagreeable insects. On the up side, volunteer seedling palms often grow from the mess if undistubed!

Syagrus romanzoffiana is a medium-sized to large solitaire palm, quickly reaching maturity at a height of 7 to 15 metres tall. It is easy to grow and very popular in cultivation. Trunk: Single of medium thickness, upright, grey, smooth up to 20 m high (but usually less), 30-60 cm wide, ringed with widely spaced horizontal old leaf scars. (Llifle.com)

Crown: Very characteristic with a graceful, open, irregular drooping canopy of soft and fluffy fronds. Spread 4,5-7,5 m. The dead fronds are persistent and eventually absciss from the trunk after several months, but until then, they can look quite untidy. (Llifle.com)

Leaf type: Large sized when mature, up to 5 m long, odd pinnately compound, plumose, evergreen, alternate, glossy, bright green divided with 150–250 leaflets per side often in clusters of 2–7. Leaflet 45-100 cm long and to 3 cm wide, lanceolate with parallel venation spreading in different planes giving a plume-like appearance, margin entire. Flower: The large inflorescence, initially enclosed by 2 woody pointed bracts, is a very attractive branched panicle up to 2 m long. Flowers white to yellow-gold, showy, in groups of 3 where one flower is female and 2 male. (Llifle.com)

Fruits: The fruits (dates) are produced in hanging crowded clusters and ripen during the winter months. They consist of a hard nut surrounded with a round or broadly ovoid, thin layer of fibrous flesh that is orange and sticky when ripe; fruit length 12-30 mm, 10–20 mm wide. The fruits are edible sweet and could be described as a mixture of plum and banana.


Queen palm is tolerant but prefers enriched sandy soils. Fertilize twice a year in spring and summer with a fertilizer that contains micronutrients, especially manganese. A deficiency of this micronutrient results in a condition called “frizzle top” which causes leaves to look frayed and torn. This condition can be corrected by spreading between 1 to 3 pounds of manganese sulphate beneath the palm (amount depends on the size of the tree). Light: Full sun is best but will do better in the blazing hot sun in places like Florida with some shade. Moisture: It will withstand some drought but keep watered for best looks and fastest growth. Hardiness: USDA Zones 9-11. Cold damage appears at 25°F, the plant freezes and dies at about 20° F. Although subtropical in nature, the Queen palm has been grown worldwide due to its cold tolerance. It can survive to -8 degrees Celsius (17 degrees Fahrenheit). Because of this, it has become very invasive worldwide, now often treated as a weed, in many countries including Australia.

Cultivation and Propagation: Syagrus romanzoffiana is a very popular palm used in landscape around the world in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions due to its imposing attractiveness and hardiness. It is easy to grow in a wide variety of conditions. Both drought and frost resistant. This is the most extensively cultivated palm along streets, highways, and in parks and gardens in southern California. Very desirable because of its erect-spreading crown of long feathery green leaves. Does not endure heavy frosts.

Soil: It is most suited for acidic, well-drained soils comprising clay; loam; sand and shows severe mineral deficiencies on alkaline soil.

Fertilization: Need a perfect fertilizer diet including all micro nutrients and trace elements or a slow release fertilizer applied in spring and summer, or according to package directions. Micronutrient deficiencies are a serious problem on soil with a high pH. This disfigures the palm by stunting the young leaves and can kill it. To prevent this problems the palm requires regular preventive applications of manganese and/or iron to help keep the fronds green. If it doesn’t get enough Potassium (K), the older leaves in well-drained soils take on a necrotic spotting. Necrosis of the leaflet margins, followed by leaflet tip necrosis will also become apparent.

Water Requirements: It tolerates low levels of humidity and summer drought, though it prefers evenly moist but not consistently wet medium.. When supplied with adequate moisture and fertilizer it is also fairly fast growing. This palm is very drought tolerant once established. It dislikes soggy soils. Water young plants for healthy look and fastest growth.

Light: Can take full sun from an early age, but it also does well in part shade with some direct sunlight when young.

Aerosol salt tolerance: It is slightly salt-tolerant and may be grown near the sea protected by dunes or building.

Wind resistance: It endures drying winds.

Hardiness: These palms are some of the hardier palms, tolerating light frosts for short periods, although it will require some protection if cold periods are longer than normal. ( USDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11) Roots: Surface roots are usually not a problem.

Maintenance: The dead fronds are persistent and often require pruning to remove. As the old fronds die, these should be trimmed off and the leaf bases allowed to dry out, but is susceptible to Fusariam Wilt, a fungal disease that is spread by pruning with ‘infected’ shears/pruners. All those pruning multiple palms are urged to clean the instruments with bleach or something that kills the fungus. Fruit, twigs, or foliage cause significant litter, persistent at the base of the tree.

Uses: It is used in gardening and landscaping in many parts of the world though in sheltered areas it will survive short periods below freezing point. It is not suited to small gardens, due to its eventual large size, The huge bulk of Syagrus romanzoffiana dwarfs most houses. This palm is very good for adding a tropical feel and widely used along boulevards, on campuses, lawns and in parks and grouped in trios to form focal points in cityscapes. It is recommended for buffer strips around parking lots or for median strip plantings in the highway. Seedlings are quite slow, but speed up considerably once they start to trunk. Small specimens are inexpensive and readily available and look great in pots on the patio, near the pool, or in pairs flanking entryways. And thanks to its drought resistance and durability to heat it can thrive in harsh urban conditions. It is not a good indoor palm and gets “top heavy” as a container plant. According to AM Hurtado (1985) Ph. D. dissertation U of Utah its pith is a main starch source for the Ache of eastern Paraguay.

Pest and disease: Long-term health usually it is not affected by pests even if scale my be a problems. Ganoderma butt rot caused by Ganoderma applanatum (formerly Fomes applanatus) can kill Queen Palm. There is no control for butt rot, only prevention. This palm is not affected by lethal yellowing disease.

Propagation: It is exclusively propagated by seed. Seed is very easy to germinate, and small seedlings carpet the ground under mature specimens.

Comments and Curiosities

This is a palm with an identity crisis! A few decades ago the queen palm was assigned the name Cocos plumosa. During the late sixties and seventies most experts began referring to it as Arecastrum romanzoffianum. Now this queen has been placed in the genus Syagrus, the species name became romanzoffiana – hopefully Syagrus romanzoffiana will stick! The Queen palm is mostly found in Subtropical areas. It was once very popular as a garden tree; but in areas like Southern California where the climate is considerably dryer, it has since been taken over by other palms, such as Archontophoenix cunninghamiana, and other Archontophoenix as well, it is still the dominate pinnate palm, in places like Central Florida, where it thrives on the humidity, and tolerates the occasional 25 degree F. nights. Its fruit is edible to wildlife, often being sought after by birds. It was originally classified in the Coconut or Cocos genus, was moved to Arecastrum, then Syagrus. As a result of this, they often retain a previous name in retail trade. Usually called the “Cocos plumosa palm”.

With its stout trunk and elegant crown of plumose leaves, the Queen Palm is a common and familiar sight in streets, gardens and parks in milder climates around the world. Its ready availability, fast growth and subsequent low price make it a popular choice for growers to the exclusion of perhaps less common but more interesting contenders. Together with Phoenix and Washingtonia it is certainly the most-used street palm in the world. (RPS.com)

  • Pine Island, FL. Photo by Rob Norwood.

  • Pine Island, FL. Photo by Rob Norwood.

  • Pine Island, FL. Photo by Rob Norwood.

  • Largo, FL. Photo by Erik

  • Chaco, Argentina. Photo by Jose A. Grassia.

  • Chaco, Argentina. Photo by Jose A. Grassia.

  • Near Roque Sáenz Peña, Chaco, Argentina. Photo by Richard Travis.

  • Flowers and fruit.

  • Flowering, Oak Hill, Florida.

  • Sixteen years old, give or take a few months, Oak Hill, Florida.

  • Germinated in 1993, edric, Oak Hill, Florida.

  • Germinated in 1993, edric, Oak Hill, Florida.

  • Germinated in 1993, edric, Oak Hill, Florida, 6/16.

  • This Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is growing in my mom’s yard. It is about 30ft tall. In Aug. 2004 when Hurricane Charley passed over Orlando, this palm was severely bent. If the Southern Live Oak next to it hadn’t supported it it surely would have snapped off.. Photo by H.P. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S.

  • This Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is growing in my mom’s yard. It is about 30ft tall. In Aug. 2004 when Hurricane Charley passed over Orlando, this palm was severely bent. If the Southern Live Oak next to it hadn’t supported it it surely would have snapped off.. Photo by H.P. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S.

  • This Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is growing in my mom’s yard. It is about 30ft tall. In Aug. 2004 when Hurricane Charley passed over Orlando, this palm was severely bent. If the Southern Live Oak next to it hadn’t supported it it surely would have snapped off.. Photo by H.P. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S.

  • This Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is growing in my mom’s yard. It is about 30ft tall. In Aug. 2004 when Hurricane Charley passed over Orlando, this palm was severely bent. If the Southern Live Oak next to it hadn’t supported it it surely would have snapped off.. Photo by H.P. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S.

  • 2015. Kyle Wicomb’s palms at McCarty Hall, the University of Florida in Gainesville, FL. In ground 2007. Photo by Kyle Wicomb.

  • Queen palm (jerivá), Cerus peruvianus at the side of Iapó river in Tibagi county.

  • A jerivá (queen) on the way to Tibagi.

  • Native Jerivás, planted at the entrance of a little farm (on the way to Tibagi).

  • One of the more slender, less hardy forms. Most of what is grown now are the more robust, hardier specimens. Orlando FL. Photo by H.P. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S.

  • This is the more robust, hardier form that is the one usually grown and planted now. Orlando FL. Photo by Eric.

  • Medellin, Colombia. (1,500 Mts. or 5,000 feet above see level), Photo by Jeff Anderson

  • Disney, Animal Kingdom. Photo by Matt S.

  • Redlands, Florida. Photo by Matt S.

  • San Diego State University – San Diego, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • San Luis Obispo, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Los Angeles County Arboretum – Arcadia, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • UC Berkeley Botanical Garden – Berkeley, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden – Santa Barbara, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden – Santa Barbara, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden – Santa Barbara, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden – Santa Barbara, CA. Photo by Dr’s M. Ritter, W. Mark and J. Reimer.

  • Photo: palmerasyjardines.co

  • Photo: palmerasyjardines.co

  • Photo: palmerasyjardines.co

  • Photo: palmerasyjardines.co

  • Imagetext: palmerasyjardines.co

  • Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr. Habit at Oakwood Lakes Boynton Beach, Florida. September 23, 2009.

  • Fruit at Haiku, Maui, Hawaii (USA). June 09, 2009. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr

  • Fruit on ground at Forest Lawn Cemetery Pompano Beach, Florida. September 23, 2009. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr

  • Photo: meloidae.com

  • Photo: meloidae.com

  • Photo: meloidae.com

  • Photo: meloidae.com

  • CERET Park, Tatuapé, Sao PAULO, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Maritaca / periquito / parakeet (Brotogeris tirica) eating Jerivá fruits (Syagrus romanzoffiana). Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Ceret, São Paulo, Brazil. Photo: mauroguanandi.

  • Imagetext: idtools.org

  • Photo: photomazza.com

  • Photo: photomazza.com

  • Photo: Rare Palm Seeds.com

  • Photo: Rare Palm Seeds.com

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos, edric.

Special thanks to palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos, edric.
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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