- Characteristics of Weeping Willow Trees
- Growing a Weeping Cherry Tree
- Types of Weeping Cherry Tree and Ideal Places to Plant Them
- Autumn Cherry Tree Pros and Cons
- Willows add elegance to the landscape
- Life Span for Oak Trees
- Proper Siting and Planting
- Initial Care
- Maximum Life Span
- Shorter-Lived Species
- Pests and Diseases
- Pin Oak
- Facts About Willow Oak Trees – Willow Oak Tree Pros And Cons
- Willow Oak Tree Information
- Where Do Willow Oak Trees Grow?
- Willow Oak Tree Pros and Cons
- Willow Oak
- Willow Oak Tree
- Natives For Your Neighborhood Conservation of rare plants, animals, and ecosystems
- Quercus laurifolia
Characteristics of Weeping Willow Trees
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A graceful, flowing weeping willow tree might seem like the perfect addition to the landscape. These towering trees grow quickly and produce instant shade with a thick canopy of arching branches. Willows thrive in moist soil, full sun and prefer locations near bodies of water for rapid absorption of water through this tree’s roots. Weeping willows require continual care because of brittle wood, which causes broken branches.
Landscapers prize weeping willows for the graceful, draped foliage of this ornamental tree. The weeping willow features narrow leaves shaped like a lance. Leaf length can be up to 8 inches, with leaves hanging vertically off the branch to create the flowing look associated with this plant. Willows produce a medium green leaf that transforms to yellow in the fall. Willows are deciduous trees that lose foliage each year but produce new foliage before most other trees in the spring. Foliage provides abundant shade, but limits the ability to grow anything under the tree canopy.
Landscapers value weeping willows for their stunning foliage, but this tree also produces a fuzzy yellow flower that resembles a small caterpillar. Flowers are 1 inch in length and usually appear before leaves in the spring.
Weeping willow bark has been used medicinally for hundreds of years. Landscapers find willow bark extremely brittle because of its tendency to constantly shed twigs. Willows also suffer from brittleness at some of the largest section of the tree trunk. Bark is light brown in color and smooth in immature specimens. Trunk and limb bark develops a more traditional ridged texture with furrows as the plant matures. Regular pruning helps the weeping willow develop arching limbs, which creates the traditional umbrella-shaped canopy.
Willow trees might provide stunning additions to the landscape, but homeowners must carefully weigh the cons when planting this tree. Willow roots constantly seek out water and will penetrate underground water lines in this necessary quest for moisture. Roots grow close to the surface and can quickly displace sidewalks and pathways. Weeping willows grow relatively quickly and can reach heights of up to 70 feet. Some cultivars of the weeping willow gain up to 8 feet in height each year. Allowing enough space for the mature size of the tree as well as the spreading root system will help limit some of the maintenance required with this beautiful ornamental tree.
Growing a Weeping Cherry Tree
Nothing can get lovelier a sight than a weeping cherry tree in full bloom. They are magnificent creatures bound to make any human being sigh in awe of its beauty.
For the uninitiated, the weeping cherry tree is deciduous flowering tree that usually bears fruits. It can be put in same category as plums since it produces fruits with similar shapes. A cherry tree, however produces fruits smaller in size than plums.
If you are one of those people planning on planting a weeping cherry tree in your garden/backyard, here are some useful things you need to know:
They can grow in harsh conditions such as arid and semi arid regions.
They grow to a height of a minimum of six feet to a maximum of thirty or even more
In order to grow well, they require sun
With proper maintenance, they can grow in any soil type.
Types of Weeping Cherry Tree and Ideal Places to Plant Them
There are different types of the weeping cherry tree. These include: dwarf weeping cherry tree, pink weeping cherry tree and weeping willow tree.
There are different ways in which you can plant and maintain these trees. This is through either breeding them when they are small or grafting them onto a rootstock selected for dwarfing.
A weeping cherry tree can be planted in so many areas. Ideally, though, these plants must be placed in a large open space – particularly because their branches grow really wide and being place too close to other plants constricts space and prevents its full growth. These trees must also be planted close to water, like the edge of a lake or a pond.
Still unsure if you are getting one or not? Here’s a quick rundown of the autumn cherry tree pros and cons when having them in your property:
Autumn Cherry Tree Pros and Cons
Advantages of these trees include:
They make gardens look divine when they blossom. Weeping cherry tree pictures in full bloom can attest to that.
They bear fruits that are actually edible
They are also easy to grow and maintain as compared to other trees that produce fruits
They provide shade, since their branches could really, really extend, and the leaves grow abundantly in-season.
Disadvantages of having them:
They take up so much space since their branches grow wild and require constant pruning which may be tiresome.
They take long to produce fruits and it may look economical to buy fruits rather than having a tree in your home.
No tree, no plant, no flower is ever ugly. But for something as magnificent as the weeping cherry tree, it does take someone with a lot of heart for plants and gardening to be able to manage and survive its early maintaining years.
Willows add elegance to the landscape
Ash trees usually take on a round to oval form whereas lindens take on a pyramidal shape. Oaks will be broad and rounded, and many types of poplar will be tall and narrow. Some trees are ridged in structure like the oak and walnut, and others are very graceful like the willows and aspen. With the numerous varieties of trees to grow in our area there is a shape, character, color or ornamental element to each and every one of them to fit your needs in the landscape.
I have many favorite trees that always stand out to me, but above all others the one that sits on top of my list is the Willow species. Of course, out of that group, the weeping willow takes the lead above all else. There are many people who will say the willow selection is a very messy tree and that after every wind there are branches to pick up, and they may be right. To me, I see it as kindling that I can use in the fire pit the next time I have a quiet evening where I want to sit by the fire. The silver maple is a very common species that tends to lose many branches also in a wind, but once again, this is not an overwhelming thing to me.
Willows have been around for centuries and show great resilience in so many ways. They are water lovers so they are often planted in low spots or areas close to water where they will thrive. Throw a willow in the water for any long period of time and it will drown and die like any other tree, so be aware of the limitations.
The root systems of a willow usually form an interwoven mass and are great to hold banks together along waterways. Another thing to be aware of is that these same roots can invade a septic system or drainage field resulting in major problems. Placement of this tree is vital to avoid problems down the road.
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With most of the major willows, these can become quite large trees so not every property owner will have the space for one. For those homeowners maybe a smaller type like the artic, pussy or slippery willow will suffice. Yellow, black and weeping willows become quite the impressive tree once mature!
One of the elements I really enjoy about the willows is that most of them are easy to propagate from just a cutting. There are a few exceptions like the lesser found Peach-leaf Willow. Most you can take a thin branch and place it in water and watch it develop roots within three to six weeks. At that point, you can plant it where it will take off from there.
Most willows have very pliable wood also and these branches have been used for hundreds of years for making baskets, fish traps and even can be used to tie things together. Long ago, people used to use the wood for boat making as it was so flexible, yet strong. One of the reasons this wood is used in weaving is because of its pliability when it is green and the fact that it doesn’t split when working with it.
Willows tend to like an abundance of sunlight to keep their shape even and balanced, but can grow in semi-shady areas also. Moist soils are ideal that do not have sitting water in them or along waterways in which their massive roots will find the way for a drink. They take well to pruning and always fill in an open space if a large limb happens to break out of a tree. I have seen instances where an entire tree will split in a storm or fall over and then continue to grow in its new position without hardly missing a beat. This doesn’t work for most in town homeowners, but in an area where you have a vast space, it just adds a new character.
The weeping willow has always had my heart. I love the tall and narrow shape of some to the broad and rounded shapes of others. Their stems can grow anywhere from 3 to 12 feet in a season and the slightest breeze will cause the pendulous branches to just flow in the wind like waves. There is something very tranquil about this variety and it is one that has grabbed my attention from the start.
Willows are one of the first trees to leaf out in the springtime as all they need are a few days in the 50s to get the sap flowing and the buds ready to pop. They are also one of the last to lose their leaves as it takes daylight hours to drop below 10 per day to shut them down. Some will turn yellow and others will just dry up to brown and fall off. The yellow or beautiful flame willows have brilliant stems in early spring as they will change to bright yellow to a fiery orange attracting attention from quite a distance.
Many people do not like a tree they have to clean up after, but as with any tree, shrub, or flower sometimes you have to weigh out the pros and cons to see which one wins. Mine happens to be the willow.
Life Span for Oak Trees
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The many species of strong, hardwood oak trees stand out among American natives for their longevity. With over 180 native species of oak trees in the United States alone, there is an oak species for virtually any climate or growing condition. Average life span for most oak species is between 100 to 300 years, though the known maximum life span for several species well exceeds the averages. With good cultural practices, precautions against disease, and the sagacity to know that a newly planted tree will long outlive its caretaker, an oak tree can truly be a legacy for future generations.
Proper Siting and Planting
Knowing where and how to plant a tree can be confusing, especially with a tree that can grow to be over 75 feet tall and wide. Thoroughly survey the site where an oak tree sapling is to be planted to ensure its future success as a mature tree; considerations for planting should include what is above it, below it, and within mature limbs’ reach. Avoid planting young oak trees beneath power lines or other trees, as these trees will eventually require severe pruning or not reach their full growth potential. Oaks should also be planted at some distance from buildings to avoid run-ins with the roof line or potential damage from storms. Additionally, properly preparing the site where the young tree is to be planted is a critical factor for success.
Though established oak trees can withstand periods of drought, occasional flooding, minor attacks by pests, pruning by humans, and browsing by wildlife, young oak trees should have consistent and thoughtful care in the first several years after planting. Maintaining a regular watering schedule through the tree’s first summer will encourage healthy and rapid root growth, though overwatering can actually be detrimental, especially in poorly drained and clay soils. Newly planted trees should generally not be fertilized until after they have become well-established, and a feeding regimen should be determined through soil tests.
Maximum Life Span
One of the most common and well-known species of oak, the white oak (Quercus alba), has an average life span of 300 years. Under excellent growing conditions, however, white oaks are known to live up to 600 years, making them one of the longest-lived American oak species. Post oak (Q. stellata) has a maximum life span of 400 years, as do the northern red oak (Q. rubra), chestnut oak (Q. prinus) and overcup oak (Q. lyrata).
Many other types of oak trees have known maximum life spans of around 200 years, including the pin oak (Q. palustris), scarlet oak (Q. coccinea) and southern red oak (Q. falcata). While the shorter-lived species may grow at a somewhat faster rate than their longer-lived cousins, all oaks have a slow growth rate compared with many other types of shade tree species.
Pests and Diseases
Oak wilt and sudden oak death are two serious maladies affecting even healthy and mature oak trees in the United States, either of which can lead to the demise of an oak tree in a matter of weeks. Oak wilt is prevalent mainly in the eastern half of the country, while sudden oak death has primarily affected trees in the West, particularly California. Oak wilt is caused by a fungus which causes blockages in the tree’s vascular system; death can occur in as little as three weeks after infection. While no cure exists for trees that are already infected, an approved systemic fungicide can be applied every several years by a professional arborist to provide some protection for healthy trees.
Sudden oak death is caused by the bacterium Phytophthora ramorum, a naturally occurring pathogen carried by many common plants, including several species of maples, camellias, red tip photinia, pieris, lilac and viburnum. Trees may be infected for several years before showing evidence of infection, including bark cankers, foliar damage, and attacks by pests like bark beetles; after symptoms of infection appear, trees decline rapidly and can die within two to four weeks. Treatment is primarily confined to preventing the spread of the pathogen by removing host plants in close proximity to valued oak specimens, as well as treating healthy trees with a systemic chemical treatment approved especially for Phytophthora.
Pin Oak – Quercus palustris
Beech Family (Fagaceae)
A recognizable trait of pin oak is that its lower branches hang down. It is one of the tallest trees in Kentucky, commonly reaching over 60 feet tall. The Champion tree is in Jefferson county near Louisville. It is more than 100 feet tall.
Introduction: Pin oak is probably used more than any other native oak in the landscape. It has an interesting growth habit, with pendulous lower branches, horizontal middle branches, and upright upper branches. Its glossy green summer foliage changes to russet, red or bronze in fall. Culture: Pin oak will tolerate wet soils, but prefers moist, rich, acidic, well-drained soils. It does well in full sun and tolerates urban conditions to some extent; it is tolerant of sulfur dioxide. Pin oak develops significant iron chlorosis problems in high pH soils. Iron chlorosis must be corrected by changing the soil pH. Galls and oak wilt can also be problematic. Potential problems for oaks in general include obscure scale, two-lined chestnut borer, bacterial leaf scorch and gypsy moth. In addition, as little as 1 inch of fill soil can kill an oak. Botanical Information
- Native habitat: Massachusetts to Delaware, west to Wisconsin and Arkansas.
- Growth habit: Strongly pyramidal, becoming oval-pyramidal with age.
- Tree size: 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread. Pin oak can reach a height of more than 100 feet.
- Flower and fruit: Flowers are brown and not showy. Fruit is a nut, half an inch long and wide, light brown, enclosed at the base in a thin cap.
- Leaf: Alternate, simple, 3 to 6 inches long, with five to seven lobes and u-shaped sinuses. Leaves are glossy dark green in summer, becoming russet, bronze or red in fall. Some leaves persist into winter.
- Hardiness: Winter hardy to USDA Zone 4.
- ‘Crown Right’ or ‘Crownright’ – Is more upright than the species, with branches at a 30- to 60-degree angle to the central leader.
- ‘Sovereign’ – Has lower branches at a 90-degree angle to the central leader rather than weeping lower branches.
Additional information: Pin oak’s common name comes from the many short or pinlike branchlets on the main branches. Unlike most oaks, it does not have heavy horizontal branches. Instead, it has many slender branches that arch out, with the lower branches bending down. The tree’s proliferus branching results in wood that is full of knots, making it an inferior grade of red oak. Pin oak has been widely used in parks, golf courses, lawns and as a street tree. Lower branches that weep can cause problems and should be removed when pin oak is used in parking lots or along streets. The pendulous branches are attractive when the tree is located in a large lawn. Several pin oak cultivars have been selected with upright lower branches. Unfortunately, these have been grafted and some plants show graft incompatibility. In these cases, the trees die years after they are planted in the landscape.Pin oak is easy to transplant because it has a shallow, fibrous root system. Pin oak’s ability to thrive in nursery culture explains why it is a common tree found in garden centers. It is a great tree for large landscapes, but its hanging lower branches make it a high-maintenance street tree. Pin oak acorns are produced one per stalk and usually in a cluster just below the current year’s growth. They have a prominent spine on the tip of the nut. Pin oak was introduced before 1770. The national champion pin oak is 110 feet tall and is in Tennessee. It is among the faster-growing oaks, averaging 12 to 15 feet over a 5- to 7-year period. Pin oak can grow to be one of the largest oak trees. It makes an impressive street tree. However, bacterial leaf scorch can be a devastating disease for monocultures of pin oaks as street trees. All too often, mass plantings of pin oaks are being cut down because of disease. Communities should be careful to plant a diversity of street tree species to avoid potential disease problems.
Facts About Willow Oak Trees – Willow Oak Tree Pros And Cons
Willow oaks are no relation to willows but they seem to soak up water in a similar fashion. Where do willow oak trees grow? They thrive in floodplains and near streams or marshes, but the trees are remarkably drought tolerant, too. One of the interesting facts about willow oak trees is their relation to red oaks. They are in the red oak group but do not have the characteristic lobed leaves of the red oaks. Instead, willow oaks have narrow willow-like leaves with a bristle-like hair at the end of the foliage that characterizes them as oaks.
Willow Oak Tree Information
Willow oaks (Quercus phellos) are popular shade trees in parks and along streets. This tree grows fairly quickly and can become too large for some urban settings. The plant tolerates pollution and drought and has no serious insect or pest problems. The main items for good willow oak tree care are water at establishment and some support when young.
Willow oaks develop nicely symmetrical pyramid to round crown shapes. These attractive trees can grow up to 120 feet in height but are more commonly found at 60 to 70 feet. The root zone is shallow, which makes it
easy to transplant. The delicate leaves create dappled shade and produce a golden yellow color show in fall before they drop.
Leaves are 2 to 8 inches long, simple and entire. Willow oaks produce small acorns of ½ to 1 inch in length. It takes 2 years for these to mature, which is a unique bit of willow oak tree information. These are very attractive to squirrels, chipmunks and other ground foragers. You can consider this one of willow oak trees pros and cons where ground litter is concerned.
Where Do Willow Oak Trees Grow?
Willow oaks are found from New York south to Florida and west to Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri. They occur in flood lands, alluvial plains, moist forest, stream banks and bottomlands. The plant thrives in moist acidic soils of almost any type.
Willow oaks require full sun. In partial shade situations, the crown will develop into a weakly branched slender form as limbs reach for the sun. In full sun, the plant spreads out its limbs and makes a more balanced shape. For this reason, pruning young trees in low light is part of good willow oak care. Training early helps the tree form a strong structure.
Willow Oak Tree Pros and Cons
As a shade specimen in large public spaces, willow oak really can’t be beat for beauty and ease of management. But one of the facts about willow oak trees is their high water needs, especially when young. This can mean the tree will pirate moisture from other plants in the area. It is also a fast grower and can suck the local nutrients out of the soil as fast as they can be replaced. None of this is good for nearby flora.
The dropped leaves in fall and acorns on the ground may be considered a nuisance. The animals attracted by the nuts are either cute to watch or annoying rodents. Additionally, the large size may not be appropriate for the home landscape and some of the tree’s peculiarities may be more than you are prepared to live with.
Either way you look at it, willow oak is definitely a strong, versatile tree with good wind resistance and easy of care, just make sure it’s the right tree for your garden/landscape space.
Introduction: Willow oak is a member of the red oak group with willow-shaped leaves. The fine foliage of the willow oak is one of its best ornamental features. The willow oak has excellent texture, rounded form, attractive bark and beautiful winter features. Culture: The willow oak is an excellent choice as a shade tree. It thrives in moist, well-drained, acidic soil and full sun. The willow oak will tolerate pollution and drought and is considered a trouble-free tree as long as soil pH is acidic. Willow oak has a fibrous root system and is therefore easy to transplant. It has no serious disease or insect problems. As little as 1 inch of fill soil can kill an oak.
- Native habitat: New York south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri.
- Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, becoming rounded at maturity.
- Tree size: Growing fast for an oak, it can reach a height of 40 to 60 feet with a spread of 30 to 40 feet or more.
- Flower and fruit: Female flowers are inconspicuous; male catkins are pendulous. The small, ½-inch acorn is topped by a shallow cap.
- Leaf: The long, narrow leaves of this willow-type oak are light green in spring, dark green in summer and yellow to russet-red in fall. The leaf is tipped by a bristle.
- Hardiness: Winter hardy to USDA Zone 5.
Willow oak is an excellent large shade tree. Its fine texture contrasts with the coarseness of most other red oaks. It is one of the best oaks for avenue plantings or large residences. Willow oak is a fast-growing oak that transplants easily and is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions. Willow oak is a member of the red oak group without lobed leaves. Its acorn matures in two years. With age, the willow oak becomes a stately tree. It is a superior choice where space permits a large oak tree. Willow oak’s common name comes from the shape of the leaves and its specific epithet, phellos, is the ancient Greek name for the cork oak, Quercus suber. Co-national champion willow oaks are in Memphis, Tenn., (123 feet tall, 100-foot spread) and Noxubee County, Miss. (73 feet tall, 132-foot spread).
Willow Oak Tree
If it weren’t for the acorns produced by the willow oak tree, this southeastern tree would scarcely be recognizable as an oak. Its graceful, willowlike leaves are a far cry from the broad, deeply-lobed leaves usually associated with this genus.
Description of willow oak tree: Other than having narrow, pointed, shiny leaves, this is a typical deciduous oak, with as massive a trunk and branches as any and a similar round-headed form at maturity. It reaches 60 feet in height. In the extreme southern part of its range, the leaves may be partially evergreen, but generally they turn yellow or reddish brown before dropping in fall.
Growing willow oak tree: The willow oak is faster growing than many oaks and much easier to transplant, since it doesn’t have as deep a taproot as most of its cousins. It takes full sun or light shade and needs a well-drained soil, preferably rich and on the acid side.
Uses for willow oak tree: The willow oak is widely used as a street and shade tree, especially around its native habitat, and has shown itself quite pollution resistant. It makes an excellent specimen tree for a vast lawn.
Willow oak tree related species: The shingle oak (Quercus imbricaria) is similar, with slightly broader leaves, and can be considered a northern variant of the willow oak.
Scientific name of willow oak tree: Quercus phellos
Want more information on trees and gardening? Try:
- Shade Trees: Towering overhead, shade trees can complement even the biggest house, and define the amount of sunlight that reaches your yard.
- Flowering Trees: Many trees offer seasonal blooms that will delight any visitor to your yard or garden.
- Types of Trees: Looking for fresh ideas about what to plant? Find out about different species that can turn your yard into a verdant oasis.
- Gardening: Get great tips about how to keep your garden healthy and thriving.
Natives For Your Neighborhood Conservation of rare plants, animals, and ecosystems
General Landscape Uses: Accent or specimen tree in residential and commercial in areas with moist to wet soils.
Ecological Restoration Notes: An relatively common element in hydric hammocks and swamp margins. Less common in other ecosystems.
Availability: Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia’s SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Description: Medium to large tree with a symmetrical, broad, round-topped crown from ascending branches. Trunk tall, often buttressed, to 3-4 feet in diameter. Bark thick, smoothish, dark gray, becoming darker and roughened with age. Leaves shiny green, yellow, pink or bright red when unfolding and becoming dark with age. Tardily deciduous, the current year’s leaves remain on the tree until early spring; plants may be bare for only a few weeks before flowers and then new leaves begin to emerge.
Dimensions: Typically 30-50 feet in height in South Florida; to 102 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate: Fast to moderate.
Range: Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland. For a digitized image of Elbert Little’s Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Although scattered from Martin County south to Miami-Dade County, the gap in range shown on Little’s map does not exist.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Habitats: Wet to moist hammocks.
Soils: Seasonally wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained sandy or organic soils, with humusy top layer, acid to neutral pH.
Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance: Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements: Full sun.
Flower Color: Greenish.
Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Pollination is by wind.
Flowering Season: Early spring, before the emergence of new leaves.
Fruit: Short stalked brown acorn about 1/2″ long, maturing in the second season. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for Horace’s duskywing (Erynnis horatius), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies; possible larval host for Juvenal’s duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis) and oak hairstreak (Fixsenia favonius). The acorns are utilized by squirrels. Dear browse the young twigs.
Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed. Grows rapidly at first.
Comments: This handsome tree grows faster than most oaks, but is also short-lived in comparison. It is best used in areas with moist sandy soils with some organic content or humusy top layer.
Laurel Oak, Quercus laurifolia,
is a tall, broad tree that grows to a height of 60 or more feet with a fairly symmetrical oval canopy spread of 40 to 60 feet. The fast growth rate results in relatively weak wood that is prone to break and decay. Laurel Oaks have a lifespan of 50 to 70 years when grown in ideal conditions. These trees are moderately drought tolerant and have a low salt tolerance.
The leaves of the Laurel Oak are smooth, narrow, shiny green on top and pale underneath with a yellow midrib. The margins of the leaves are either smooth or irregularly lobed. Acorns are about ½ inch long and found singly attached directly to the twig. The bark is a dark reddish-brown that becomes deeply fissured with age.
Now, why is this important for you and your landscape?
Research at the University of Florida has shown that the Laurel Oak is very prone to failure in hurricane winds due to the weak wood and their tendency to decay. These trees may not be appropriate to plant near a home or other structure. Their deep roots and a relatively short height in relation to crown spread, along with strong wood help the Live Oak withstand the high winds and strong storm surges that can bring trees down during hurricanes. For research details:
Laurel oak is a fast growing, short lived (up to 70 years) shade tree. It has a rounded, dense canopy and can grow almost as wide as it can grow tall: up to 60′. The leathery green leaves resemble those of Laurels, hence the common name. It is deciduous in the northern limits of its native range, and semi-deciduous in the south. It produces rounded acorns that are an important food source for a variety of wildlife. The yellowish flowers are unremarkable.
Native to the southeastern coastal plains of the US, Quercus laurifolia is adapted to wet, conditions and poor drainage. It is moderately drought tolerant. It will grow in most soils except for alkaline with a ph level above 7. Because of its rapid growth rate, it is recommended to prune this tree during its early stages to encourage the development of a strong trunk and lower limbs. Bloom times are during March and April. Zones 7-10
Most commonly and easily propagated from seed, it may also be propagated by hardwood cuttings.
Laurel oak is one of the fastest growing shade trees. Care should be taken to use proper pruning techniques. Damaged or improperly pruned limbs can lead to early rot and shorten this tree’s life span.