Praying mantis in garden

A female praying mantis, Mantis religiosa, climbs a stem after a gardener watered the plant. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey) Do you know where your praying mantids are?

Water a bush or a plant frequently visited by bees and other pollinators, and if they’re in there, they’re likely to emerge.

Such was the case when a male praying mantis, Mantis religiosa, emerged from our pomegranate bush. No spray zone, please.

Frankly, he looked a bit irritated.

The next week a female M. religiosa emerged from a plant in our neighbor’s yard. She, too, looked a bit irritated.

Praying mantis expert, Lohit Garikpati, a UC Davis entomology student who rears mantids and volunteers at the Bohart Museum of Entomology, confirmed their identities and gender.

The European mantis, or Mantis religiosa, belongs to the family Mantidae (“mantids”), the largest family in the order Mantodea. As all insect enthusiasts know, they derive their common name by their distinctive posture of “praying.” (Some entomologists like to think of them as “preying” mantids.)

The females are usually larger and heavier but the antennae and eyes of the males outsize the females.

“Along with the forward directed compound eyes there are also simple eyes to be found on the head,” Wikipedia tells us. “These three dorsal ocelli are also more pronounced in males than in females.Male individuals are often found to be more active and agile whereas females are physically more powerful. One of the outcomes of these morphological variations is that only males and very young females are able to fly. Adult females are generally too large and heavy for their wings to enable a take-off.”

In Germany, M. religiosa is listed as ‘threatened’ on the German Red List. That means finders aren’t supposed to be keepers: don’t catch it or keep it as a pet.

The status of the male and female mantids in our neighborhood? They’re still there in their respective yards. If they meet, however, the male may lose his head in the well documented phenonomen of sexual cannibalism…nature’s way of better survivability–not for the male but for his offspring!

“Eating her mate provides the female with a lot of nutrients she doesn’t have to hunt for,” according to Wikipedia. “She has a prey item available that is bigger than the prey she would be able to catch in the manner she usually hunts. The meal also takes place during or shortly after she was fertilized giving her more resources for the faster production of a large ootheca with large eggs, increasing the chance of her offspring to survive. Males have also been known to be more attracted to heavier, well-nourished females for this reason.”

There’s a lesson in there somewhere!

Why Should I Want to Attract Insects to My Garden?

Some may ask why anyone would want to attract any insects to their garden. Well, the fact is that insects are absolutely necessary for two very good reasons:

First, insects are needed for good pollination. Wind can pollinate, and breeders can isolate certain plants and pollinate with small paint brushes; but, gardeners need insects for good pollination.

Second, insects help maintain nature’s balance in the garden. Simply put, beneficial insects eat or kill plant destroying insects. And, given a food source, plant destroying insects will show up.

For almost all garden plants, the ideal soil has a good combination of sand, silt, and clay particles. The geometry of the sand components provides spaces for water absorption and drainage, while the clay and silt components hold some moisture which is necessary for both your plants and for the organic components of your soil.

How to Attract Beneficial Insects
(Three Do’s and One Don’t)

1. Provide early flowering plants. Consider planting an insectary near or within the garden to attract beneficial insects. Cluster flowering plants, like yarrow, dill, fennel, and wild carrots are particularly good at attracting parasitic wasps. Composite flowers, like zinnias and sunflowers will attract robber flies and predatory wasps. Low growing herbs, like thyme and oregano give ground beetles cover for hiding. And, praying mantises like to hide in plants as well. Your goal should be to always have something in bloom. And, relatively large blocks of one color flower can be very attractive to bees.

2. You can also provide housing for mason bees by drilling holes into wood near the garden, by placing a bunch of drinking straws in a coffee can and mounting it horizontally in some protected area, or you can purchase inexpensive mason bee houses.

3. Provide water, especially during dry spells. Beneficials, like all insects, need water and will fly to other sources if you don’t provide some. Simply add a few saucers of water, perhaps protected by a decorative cluster of rocks. Of course, large pools of stagnant water can also provide a breeding haven for mosquitoes, so don’t overdo it.

4. Don’t use non-selective insecticides to kill the bad bugs, or you’ll kill the good bugs as well. If you observe a large infestation of bad bugs and virtually no beneficial insects, you may want to carefully use a non-chemical product like Bull’s-Eye Bioinsecticide from Gardens Alive! to control the plant damaging insects. According to the manufacturer, Bull’s Eye will not significantly harm most beneficial insects.

Some of the More Popular Beneficial Insects

Ladybugs

Known as ladybirds in the UK, Australia and New Zealand, scientists prefer to call them ladybird beetles or lady beetles, as these are not “true bugs.” True bugs are identified as those that have particular mouth parts that enable them to puncture tissue and suck fluid aphids, for example, are true bugs.

Lady beetles are voracious eaters of aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, and mites. They can be yellow, orange, or red, with black dots, and they’re particularly attracted to early pollen sources, like mustard, coriander, buckwheat, coreopsis, dandelions, and scented geraniums.

Asian Ladybeetles (Japanese Ladybugs)

Considered by many as a nuisance, because they like to move inside over the winter, Asian ladybeetles leave a stain and an unpleasant odor when frightened or squashed. They have been known to bite humans, and are more aggressive that the more lovable lady beetle. But, by definition, they are true beneficial insects. Asian Ladybeetles can be identified by a distinctive dark W or M on their heads.

Praying Mantis or Preying Mantis

The famous Praying Mantis after whom our most famous product was named (for its shape, not its behavior) – will only eat meat that it has captured itself. True carnivores, they are completely harmless to plants. They have a voracious appetite, especially the young newly hatched nymphs. They’ll eat ahpids, but will also eat anything, including beneficial insects, siblings, and even their own mates.

It was once rumored to be illegal to kill a praying mantis; that’s not true; but, it’s not a good thing either.

Soldier Beetle

Also known as leatherwings because of their soft, cloth like wing covers, soldier beetles are very beneficial because they eat damaging insects (including caterpillers, insect eggs, aphids, and other soft bodied insects) without attacking plant foliage. They are soft bodied insects that resemble lightning bugs.

Green Lacewings

While adult lacewings don’t kill pest insects, their offspring will. Lacewings eat nectar and lay their eggs on plant foliage; the emerging larva are voracious aphid eaters, capable of consuming over 200 pests or pest eggs per week!

Beneficial or Bad Bug?

If you’re not sure what king of “bug” you have, take some time to observe what’s going in its environment. If you have significant plant damage, you’re likely to have harmful insects. If not, you may be blessed with a “beneficial insect” that is working to consume the bad bugs in your garden.

Nature News: Look for the elusive praying mantis egg cases

While searching through a jumble of clay pots, I had abandoned by the side of the garden I found a praying mantis egg case secured to the side of a pot. I don’t know anyone who doesn’t think praying mantises are awesome. They are large, charismatic insects with an intense, predatory stare. Interestingly, there are a few misconceptions about these animals, misconceptions that definitely add to the mystique.
Growing up I had always been told that praying mantises are endangered and that it was against the law to kill them. This is completely untrue, in fact, the two species of praying mantis that you’ll find in New England are not even native to this area. The one you are most likely to find in your backyard is the European praying mantis (Mantis religiosa), found all over New England (though southern Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont are at the northern edge of their range)) The European praying mantis was introduced around 1900, either by accident, arriving on nursery plants, or on purpose by gardeners. Chinese praying mantises (Tenodera sinensis) were introduced a few years before the European praying mantis and are only found in southern New England. These are huge – getting up to 4 inches in length. They are famous for their ability to hunt small reptiles, rodents and hummingbirds (praying mantises have been recorded catching and eating birds in all continents except Antarctica!). The only Chinese praying mantises I’ve seen up here came from an egg case I bought at the garden shop (praying mantis egg cases are sold as a natural pest control). Given that these are non-native species and that you can buy the egg cases in garden shops argues against their mythical endangered species status.
Another myth, the idea that praying mantises are beneficial insects, the idea that you can use praying mantises as a natural form of pest control in your garden seems like a good one. I certainly bought into the idea. We bought an egg case, left it on the kitchen counter and woke up one morning to hundreds of tiny (very cute) praying mantises trying to make a break for it out the kitchen window. We learned our lesson and never brought subsequent egg cases inside. Is this really a good idea? Praying mantises do kill all sorts of insect pests, but they just as readily prey upon beneficial insects, pollinators like butterflies and bees. Do you really want to release an army of top predators into your garden? This same logic applies to using dragonfly larvae to control mosquitoes in your pond – the ones you buy are not native and shouldn’t be used.
The myth that I really hate to debunk is the idea that the female praying mantis bites off the head of her mate after copulation and eats him. Most praying mantis species do not do this. Of the species that have been known to do this, females cannibalize their mates on the order of 13 to 28 percent of the time. It turns out black widow spiders don’t usually do this either.
I have a great book called “Tracks and Signs of Insects and other Invertebrates” (by Eiseman and Charney) that describes the praying mantis egg case I found in my garden. “Mantises deposit eggs in oothecae that contain up to several hundred eggs and are made of a light, frothy substance, which the female shapes as she deposits it. A mantis ootheca is more or less oval, and down the center is a series of overlapping scales concealing tiny corridors that lead to a central chamber. The young emerge through these corridors, all at once in the spring and because of the scales, the external change to the ootheca after emergence can be very subtle. A small tassel of white silk may dangle from the central strip, made up of threads from which the nymphs hung when they first emerged.”
You are unlikely to see a praying mantis in your garden. There aren’t that many around and they are very well camouflaged. So, look for the egg cases, obvious indicators that these exotic little killing machines are stalking through your undergrowth.

Susan Pike, a researcher and an environmental sciences and biology teacher at St. Thomas Aquinas High School, welcomes your ideas for future column topics. She may be reached at [email protected] Read more of her Nature News columns online.

Keeping a praying mantis as a pet is fun and is not hard at all. But of course a praying mantis does need proper care to stay healthy and strong. It doesn’t really matter if you have bought your own pet mantis, or if you found a mantis in nature, most of them need the same basic care. The following points will help you in keeping your praying mantis happy and healthy!

Housing your mantis

To house your pet praying mantis, you need an enclosure filled with appropriate substrate and some surfaces or branches for climbing and hanging.
Make sure the enclosure of your pet is suitable. This means that the cage, box or terrarium is at least 3x longer than the body length praying mantis and 2x wider than the body length of the praying mantis. This will ensure that the mantis has plenty of space to walk around in and to use when it will shed its skin (molt). The cage should also have proper ventilation.
Place substrate on the bottom of the tank, terrarium or cage. This substrate can be anything that will absorb water and that will not mold easily. For example: tissue paper, vermiculite, potting earth, shredded wood, pieces of bark or sand. The purpose of the substrate is to release water slowly, thus keeping the humidity in the tank a bit more constant.
Fill the enclosure with branches or other objects where the mantis can sit on or hang from. You could use branches, twigs, reeds, stiff dry grass, fake plastic flowers or plastic decorative branches. Make sure the objects are safe for the mantis, e.g. without glue or insecticides, and that there is plenty of space left for the mantis to move around.
To read more about possible enclosures, their differences and some important safety tips you can read the page Enclosure.

A possible enclosure for an Orchid Mantis or other flower mantis. On top should be a ventilated lid.

Temperature and humidity

Every mantis species needs a specific temperature and air humidity to survive. Some species live in damp forest areas, while others live in desserts or dry grasslands. Which specific requirements your species of choice has, can be read in the species description on the right. How to maintain a proper humidity and temperature, read the respective pages: Humidity and Temperature.
To ensure proper humidity, you need to spray the enclosure of your mantis every day or every week, depending on the type of housing and on the species of mantis. If you have more ventilation holes you will need to spray water more often to keep the humidity high.

An Idolomantis diabolica nymph

Feeding your mantis

A Wandering Violin Mantis eating a fly

Of course you have to feed your mantis. But unlike other pets such as cats and dogs, praying mantids do not need to eat every day. Feeding them every day can be bad for some mantis species! You have to feed your mantis every one to four days, depending on the species, the type of food you give it, the size of the mantis, the body condition of the mantis (well-fed or skinny) and its life-stage (adult females need more food than adult males).

Mantises only eat live insects for food. This can be flies, crickets, moths, caterpillars, locusts and some other insects. If you want to read what types of food your mantis will eat, read our page Live Food. If you want to breed your own fruit flies, you can check out our handy DIY fruit fly breeding page.

When feeding your mantis, make sure the mantis will actually eat the food you offer it. When you introduce live food to the enclosure of the mantis, this food can hide or escape. When this happens often the mantis will starve. To make sure your mantis will eat what you offer it, you can watch until he has caught the food. You can also offer the food with tweezers directly to the mantis. If you do this carefully the mantis will grab the live food item directly from the tweezers and will start eating instantly. Prey that moves a lot, like flies, will generally be caught much more easily then prey that hides, like cockroaches or caterpillars.

A ghost mantis with an empty stomach and the same one just after eating a large meal.

Cleaning the mantis’ terrarium

The enclosure of your mantis hardly needs any cleaning. Mantids are small and do not produce much waste. Make sure to remove any half-eaten prey items to prevent them from becoming smelly.
When cleaning the enclosure of your mantis, just remove all substrate and wash the inside of the enclosure with hot water. Do not use any detergent as this can harm the mantis. Dry the enclosure and add fresh substrate.

How to take care of a specific species of mantis

So, you have a Carolina mantis or Chinese mantis and you want to know how to house it and how to take care of it? Cool! Read the caresheet at our Species page. Every species has its own page listing their specific requirements and telling you more about the species.

Attracting the Praying Mantis to Your Garden

Praying mantis history

Whether you spell it praying or preying, (although praying is correct) both descriptive terms fit this stealthy hunter of the insect world. The praying mantis belongs to a large superorder of insects, Dictyoptera, that includes the cockroach and termites. Its grasping front legs shoot out to grasp its unwary victim faster than a human eye can follow. There are about 2,400 species and 15 families of mantids that are found on every continent except Antarctica and they are a very ancient creature with specimens preserved in amber that are estimated to be about 135 million years old.

A number of early peoples thought highly of the mantis. The Chinese believed they represented courage and emulated them when waging war. They said during war, ‘one should strike fast and without hesitation’, just like the insect does. The ancient Greeks felt they represented wisdom and the proper Latin name, Mantodea is from the Greek: mantis meaning ‘prophet’ and eidos meaning ‘form or type’. Some African cultures worshiped them as gods, but the Australian bushmen feared them and avoided any area where they were seen. There are also some modern, New Age believers who say that the praying mantis is a symbol of patience and balance, because that is how they go about their lives. Some people even keep them as pets.

Praying mantis habits and life

The praying mantis is a very effective ambush predator. It waits motionless and unnoticed on a plant until an unsuspecting victim happens by and then it strikes faster than the blink of an eye. The spines on its raptor-like forelegs hold the prey almost like velcro while the mantis bites off the head in a very zombie-like act. Actually, this habit of going for the head first is smart. Eliminate the brain and any teeth the victim may turn upon it, and the rest of the meal can be consumed at its leisure. This even applies to male suitors who mate with the females. Depending on how hungry she is, she often has an after-coitus snack on the bridegroom. Praying mantids are non-selective and even cannibalistic hunters. They feast on beetles, aphids, grasshoppers and flies, which is helpful to the gardener. However they also like honeybees, butterflies and other beneficial insects, including each other

. One of the first meals a just-hatched praying mantis consumes is most likely a sibling. They are fearless hunters and often prey on creatures much larger. There are a number of factual accounts of mantids catching hummingbirds. They have also been known to catch lizards, frogs, other small birds and the occasional tiny fish. However, it isn’t all fun and games for the praying mantis, because lizards, frogs and birds also consider it a tasty meal and the hunter becomes the hunted. Do not worry too much about the praying mantis affecting the beneficial insect population. While they may catch the occasional honeybee or butterfly, there are more grasshoppers and beetles in the average garden and they will statistically be the most frequent victims.

Attract the praying mantis to your garden

While the praying mantis is not actually attracted to any specific species of plant, you can encourage them in your garden a number of ways. First of all, a healthy insect population will attract predators. This means limiting chemical pesticides as much as possible. The more insect activity, the more predators. I have seen praying mantids stalking potential meals on annuals, perennials, shrubs, trees and vegetable plants. They go where the activity is highest. I welcome them on my herbs and vegetables because I definitely do not use chemicals on plants that I plant to eat. Female mantids prefer shrubbery when they lay their eggs, so having a selection of woody plants for them to choose from is also a good idea. There is only one generation a year and the female lays her eggs in the fall and the egg case is often attached to a twig or branch. The young hatch in the spring for the next generation. If you’ve tried and failed to attract mantids to your garden, there are several on-line sources where egg cases can be purchased. Raising praying mantids indoors is tricky, so if you purchase egg cases, leave them in your garden for them to hatch naturally. Make sure there is plenty of ground cover and even a shallow source of water, because even though they eat juicy insects, they do occasionally like a drink.

Is the praying mantis dangerous?

Some people are afraid of the praying mantis because they look so fierce. If provoked, it will rear up on its hind legs and wave its forelegs in an aggressive manner. Some species display their wings and even hiss. This is all for show. A praying mantis is not dangerous. It can bite, but it is not venomous and the bite is no more than a pinch, it can also grab a finger with its powerful forelegs. If not provoked, it will calmly walk on to your hand and sit there. Its large eyes can see very well and it can turn its neck 180 degrees, so it has a spooky, intelligent, even alien demeanor. Just enjoy them and let them go about their business wherever you find them. They are good for the ecosystem and help provide balance in the garden.

Not really! The praying mantis is a ravenous meat-eater insect one that has evolved to occupy its ecological niche. It is a super carnivore. Mantises prey on carnivores as well herbivores. However, they will also supplement their diet with pollen. Praying mantis let alone the captive individual is most likely to feed on pollen in flowering plants. Mantises are known to spend a reasonable amount of time on flowers not only to consume pollen but also to take on primary prey that is flies or bees. Flowering plants usually attract many flying insects. Let’s see how do praying mantis eat plants.

Do Praying Mantis Eat Plants?

During fall praying mantis finds it harder to hunt arthropods. The limited supply of food forces mantis to choose altogether different yet better alternative. Pollens—the chief source of proteins is highly preferred food for mantis as their primary food is scarce. For instance, the Chinese mantids (Tenodera sinensis) frequently eat pollens especially after hatching.

Adult mantis also fancy feeding on pollen-laden insects. The praying mantis nymphs likely consume pollen that indeed prevents them from starvation at eggs hatch. Scientists however have yet to comprehend the significance of pollen in praying mantis diet. They aren’t quite sure as to what fitness benefits pollens offer to predators such as this.

Although mantids mostly rely on their vision they can also use olfaction to Search suitable food source.

Although mantids mostly rely on their vision they can also use olfaction to look for suitable food source. Mantids have the ability to detect odor released by the pollen. Many researchers are trying to understand out the feeding behavior of mantis in the field primarily because mantis spends only 5% of their daily time looking for food. The laboratory experiments can only tell us the limited mantis’ behavior in a limited setting.

Praying mantids are insects that have fascinated humans for centuries with their odd shape. They are also a master predator of the garden. Learn praying mantis facts and folklore.

Sometimes called a beneficial insect, the praying mantis (Mantis religiosa) is actually a generalist that preys on both bothersome insects and beneficial ones.

What Do Praying Mantids Eat?

  • A carnivore, mantids dine primarily on insects like flies, crickets, moths, grasshoppers, and mosquitoes.
  • They can even feast on prey over three times their size, including small animals such as frogs, lizards, and hummingbirds.
  • Because of their voracious appetite for insects, praying mantids sometimes are considered a friend to farmers and gardeners as a natural form of pest control. But, keep in mind that they will eat the good bugs, too!
  • The insects will even eat each other! The female will sometimes eats her mate just after—or even during—mating.
  • Although they may eat other beneficial insects (and, occasionally, each other), their preference is for the sucking and cutting insects that do the greatest damage to crops.

Praying Mantis Facts

  • Mantids are found on every continent except Antarctica. Of the 1,800 or so known species, most are between 1 to 3 inches in length. Some tropical ones may grow to 8 inches or more.
  • Most praying mantids are able to fly, although some females might not be able to.
  • Mantids have triangular heads and long, flexible necks bend easily, allowing them to turn their heads 180° from side to side, giving them a 300° field of vision. They can spot the slightest movement from 60 feet away.
  • They have two large, compound eyes and three other simple eyes located between them.
  • Masters of disguise, praying mantids are rarely seen. They are typically green or brown, but many species will take on the color of their habitat. They may mimic leaves, twigs, grass, and even ants; some tropical species so closely resemble flowers that other insects will land on them in search of nectar.
  • Females will lay hundreds of eggs regulary and the nymphs which hatch looking much like smaller versions of their parents.

Nature’s Perfect Predators

  • The strange praying stance of the praying mantis is not an act of reverence but instead the position the fierce predators take while patiently waiting to ambush other insects. They are the martial artists of the insect world.
  • Their powerful forelegs are armed with rows of overlapping spikes to snare their prey and pin it in place while they devour it with strong, sharp mandibles. They use their entire arms like razor blades with reflexes that are so rapid that they are impossible to gauge with the naked eye.
  • With flexible necks and two overdimensioned eyes, the praying mantis fixates the distance to their prey rapidly and three-dimensionally.

Non-Native Mantis and Hummingbirds

  • Several non-native species, some introduced in the 1800s to help control insect pests, have become naturalized in North America. The Chinese mantis is one of the largest, growing to more than 4 inches long. This species in particular, perhaps in part because of its larger size, has been known on occasion to catch a hummingbird at a feeder, especially if it is very hungry, or mistakes the bird for a bee or other insect that seeks the sugar water. To avoid this unfortunate occurrence, move any hummingbird feeders away from surrounding bushes and branches, so that the mantis is easier for the birds to see. It also can help to add a broad cover over the top of the feeder, to discourage those mantids that can not fly. If you do see a mantis on the feeder, coax it onto a stick and move it gently away.

Praying Mantis Folklore

  • The French once thought that a mantis would point a lost child home.
  • In some parts of Africa, it is considered good luck if one of these curious creatures lands on you.
  • The Greek word “mantis” means prophet or seer. Because of the way the insects hold up the fronts of their bodies and position their huge forelegs when at rest, it appears as though they are praying.

As with many of nature’s predators, hunters often become the hunted. The mantis’ natural enemies include birds, bats, spiders, snakes, and lizards. With so many enemies to worry about, perhaps praying mantids actually are saying their prayers!

Learn More

Find out about other fascinating and beneficial insects like fireflies and dragonflies.

Live Praying Mantis Egg Cases – Garden Protector

Order Live Praying Mantis Eggs Online:

Live Praying Mantis Eggs are now available at Green Thumb Nursery for online order!

Praying Mantis are one of the most aggressive predators in the garden. Mantis will prey on almost any insect they can overpower. They are one of the best protectors in the garden and can be one of the most helpful beneficial insects available.

Product information:

Each Live Praying Mantis egg case will hatch out 50-200 mantises. When hatching, the young crawl from between tiny flaps in the egg case and hang from silken threads about 2 inches below the case. After drying out the young will disperse. This happens within an hour or two and it is very difficult to know if hatching has occurred unless the elusive and well camouflaged young are found.

Release Rates:

Attach the egg cases to a twig or plant. 2 egg cases per 3,000 sq. ft. To monitor hatching of the egg case place the egg cases in a paper bag and fold the top. Place the bag in a warm room and out of direct sun light. Periodically open the bag and check to see if hatching has occurred. If hatching has occurred take out and release the young. Sometimes hatching can take up to eight weeks.

Strategic Considerations:

Pesticides and even wetting agents and spreader-stickers may adversely affect mantid’s survival. Broad spectrum and systemic insecticides are toxic to praying mantids.

Want to learn more? Read how Praying Mantis are beneficial to the garden and then order your Live Praying Mantis egg casings from Green Thumb Nursery. Rather pick up your Live Praying Mantis egg casings in-store? Call your local Green Thumb Nursery Garden Center and you can pick them up in-store as well! For store hours and phone number information, please visit our homepage at www.greenthumb.com.

Live insects are guaranteed live delivery! (If shipping outside of California, it may take up to 4-6 business days to arrive)


Place mantis egg cases into your garden now. As the cases warm, the young will hatch and go right to work protecting your plants.

Use a clothespin to hold the egg case on twig or branch of a shrub. Place the egg case on the morning sun side of your bush, so can warm up, but has some shade through the hottest part of the day.

Praying Mantids are very territorial and as they grow into larger insects, will patiently stalk their prey. They are amazing creatures and can help control garden insect pests naturally. They are fascinating to have around, spending days just waiting and watching for their next meal. Mantids robotically move their heads, keeping the prey always in sight, they have a quick and accurate attack.

Praying Mantid is so named because, while waiting for food to come by, they hold their long front arms as if it is praying. The mantid is a useful insect to have in your garden; it eats flies, caterpillars, grasshoppers, roaches, and other pests. But if you are a beekeeper, watch out – the praying mantid will sit at the entrance to the hive and devour bees one by one as they go in and out!

If you see a mantid, you may be startled by its aggressive behavior. It will stand up and buzz its wings at you. But that’s because it’s trying to scare you off; the Praying Mantid is harmless to humans.

Praying mantids are terrific pest exterminators. They keep down the population of bugs that are a threat to plants. A master of disguise, they can be an able assistant to farmer and gardener alike.

We have egg cases for sale, 2 cases in a cup for $12.99.

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Inhabiting the Temperate and Tropical Zones

A large insect from the order of Mantodea, about 3-4 inches long, the praying mantis draws its name by the posture in which it holds its front forelegs that looks akin to praying. You can find them all over the world, and depending on their geographical location, they go by names such as the Carolina mantis, the Chinese mantis and the European mantis. To the oft-repeated question, “where to find live praying mantis,” one can say that you can find them spread across the world, but focused primarily on the temperate and tropical regions.

Their Habitat

The live praying mantis inhabits various parts of the world including Europe and North America. With over 2000 species spread over the world, several of them found their way from Asia and Europe to North America in the early part of the 19 century and became naturalized there.. To the question where to find live praying mantis, you can safely conclude that they mainly inhabit places with a warm to tropical climate, and you will find them roosting in a vegetation that is closest to their body color, to assist in the process of camouflage. Since most mantises sport a green or brown color, you can find them perched in bushes, trees and grasses. Those who have bright colors will take advantage of flowers for their camouflage.

They are cannibalistic by nature during the mating process, when the female sometimes bites off the head of the male and then proceeds to eat the body. They make extremely docile pets and a pleasure to rear at home. They grow to lengths of 3 to 4 inches, are found primarily in green and brown colors, and appear like sticks and leaves, allowing them to blend easily with the surroundings. When you are looking for where to find live praying mantis, do not rule out the strong possibility of finding them in the wild or even your garden, your nearby park or even a forest in the vicinity, if you can find one, and in most locations that sport a mild winter and an abundant vegetation. Finding their egg cases may pose a difficult proposition because of the camouflage, but you can find the adults quite easily by closely inspecting the flowering plants. You can also see them in late fall, in August and September when they make a beeline to your porch lights. Organic vegetable or flower gardens are a sure habitat for these insects.

Anatomy

Most praying mantises are green or brown in color, but you can find them in even in purple, white or pink. A head, thorax and abdomen represent its primary body physiology, followed by six legs.

The exoskeleton or outer shell protects long body completely, akin to armor, and consists of plates connected by an elastic tissue that gives the insect its flexibility of movement.

The head and eyes: The triangular head houses a mouth full of sharp teeth to chew and eat the prey, and its long and slender antennae help to sense food availability. They can turn their heads 180 degrees to either side, which is another uncommon feature. They have two compound eyes with hundreds of lens that distinguish color and images. They have three additional eyes located between their long and slender twin antennae that serve to distinguish between light and dark.

Legs: With three pairs of jointed legs, and a spiny foreleg that helps to hold on to the prey, the praying mantis holds these forelegs in a folded posture as if praying; hence the name. The legs and four wings attach at the thorax.

The ear: This is just a slit on the underside of the thorax, giving it the distinction of being probably the only insect with a single ear.

Our Mantis care sheet makes it simple to care for this fun and educational pet.

head, insects, legs, praying

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