Plants that rabbits eat

Safe fruit, vegetables, herbs and plants suitable for rabbits

Rabbits love their food and enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables as part of a balanced diet. The main part of a rabbit’s diet should be unlimited amounts of fresh hay (preferably Timothy or Meadow Hay), grass, and plenty of clean water available. See ‘What do rabbits eat?’ for more information.

When introducing any new food, always do so slowly over a few weeks to avoid digestive upsets. Rabbits, like humans are all different and as such some may be unable to tolerate certain foods. Only give a small amount and wait for 24 hours, if your rabbit produces soft poo, withdraw the food and try with something else after everything has settled back to normal. Allow 5 – 7 days before making any other additions. Always wash food first and don’t feed plants from roadsides or that contain pesticides.

The first rule of feeding bunnies and their delicate tummies is: if in doubt – don’t let them eat it! Rabbits have strong tastebuds and will try anything even if it’s poisonous – it’s up to you to protect them! The following list was taken from the RWAF website.

Which vegetables can rabbits eat?

A good guideline is to feed a minimum of 1 cup of vegetables for each 4 lbs of body weight per day.

  • Artichoke leaves
  • Asparagus
  • Baby Sweetcorns (but not full size ones)
  • Beetroot (care with leafy tops as high levels of oxalic acid) – can cause gas so limit
  • Broccoli (and its leaves, including purple sprouting varieties) – can cause gas so limit
  • Brussel Sprouts (leaves and sprouts) – can cause gas so limit
  • Cabbage (can sometimes cause digestive upsets) – can cause gas so limit
  • Carrots (& carrot tops) – not the roots as they are high in sugars. Carrots should be limited due to high sugar content.
  • Cauliflower (and the leaves)
  • Celeriac
  • Celery leaves
  • Chicory
  • Courgette (and flowers)
  • Cucumber
  • Curly Kale
  • Fennel
  • Green beans
  • Kohl rabi
  • Peas (including the leaves and pods)
  • Peppers (red, green and yellow)
  • Pumpkin
  • Radish Tops – can cause gas so limit
  • Rocket (also known as Arugula)
  • Romaine lettuce (not Iceberg or light coloured leaf)
  • Spinach (only occasional)
  • Spring Greens
  • Squash (e.g. Butternut)
  • Swede
  • Turnip (only occasional)
  • Watercress

Which fruits can rabbits eat?

Fruits should be fed in moderation due to sugar content (up to 2 tablespoons worth per day).
Do not feed the pips, stones, plants etc of fruits unless otherwise stated, as most of the time they are poisonous! Rabbits love sugary fruit and will eat too much of it, which is bad for them. Therefore it’s up to you to limit it!

  • Apple (not the pips – they are poisonous!)
  • Apricot
  • Banana (high in potassium)
  • Blackberries (and leaves – excellent astringent properties)
  • Blueberries
  • Cherries (not the pits and plant – they contain cyanide and are therefore poisonous!)
  • Grapes
  • Kiwi Fruit
  • Mango
  • Melon
  • Nectarines
  • Papaya
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Pineapple
  • Plums
  • Raspberries (and leaves – excellent astringent properties)
  • Strawberries (and leaves)
  • Tomatoes (NOT the leaves)

Safe herbs for bunnies

They can taste very strong so offer a little to start with to get your bunnies used to them.

  • Basil
  • Coriander (also known as Cilantro
  • Dill
  • Mint (peppermint)
  • Parsley – not too much as high in calcium
  • Oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Thyme

Wild garden herbs, weeds and flowers that rabbits can eat

Double-check which plants are in your garden before letting your bunnies loose!

  • Borage
  • Calendula
  • Camomile
  • Chickweed (astringent)
  • Clover (leaves and flowers)
  • Coltsfoot
  • Comfrey
  • Dandelion (diuretic properties)
  • Goosegrass (cleavers) but may stick to coat!
  • Lavender
  • Mallow
  • Nettle
  • Nasturtium (leaves and flowers)
  • Shepherd’s purse
  • Sow Thistle
  • Plantain
  • Yarrow

You can see a list of some poisonous plants by clicking here.

How to Get Rid of Rabbits

Though we’ve mostly been discussing eastern cottontails, keep in mind—these tips should work for any type of rabbit that loves to munch on your plants!

  • As their twitching noses indicate, rabbits sniff a lot. Try sprinkling dried sulfur around or on your plants. Rabbits also dislike the smell of onions, so try planting these around your garden to further deter the furry creatures.
  • To discourage pesky rabbits, try dusting your plants with plain talcum powder.
  • Since rabbits are great sniffers, powdered red pepper sprinkled around the garden or on targeted plants may keep them out.
  • Irish Spring soap shavings placed in little drawstring bags around the garden will also help to keep rabbits away.
  • Make a bad-tasting rabbit cocktail by grinding together three hot peppers, three large onions, and one whole bunch of garlic. Add water to cover, and place into a covered container overnight. Strain, and then add enough additional water to make a gallon of the mixture. Spray onto plants, repeating after rainfall. Commercial products using pungent garlic oil are also worth a try.
  • Spray your plants with a mixture of 1 teaspoon Lysol and 1 gallon of water.
  • Some people protect plants with individual “collars” of tin cans or screening so that the plants may reach a less vulnerable size. Put the collar around each stem for protection.
  • Use cylinders of ¼-inch mesh hardware cloth to keep rabbits from nibbling on young fruit and landscape trees. The cylinders should extend higher than a rabbit’s reach while the rabbit is standing on the expected depth of snow, and they should stand one to two inches out from the tree trunk.
  • Some of the deer techniques related to odor are also said to work against rabbits. Deter rabbits with commercially-available deer repellents that contain a mixture of dried bovine blood, sulfured eggs, and garlic.
  • Legend has it that rabbits are terrified of their own reflection, so try an old-time rabbit remedy and place large, clear glass jars of water throughout the garden. Garden centers sell ready-made reflectors, as well as other devices—crouching cats, fake snakes, menacing owls—designed to frighten bunnies away from your plants.
  • Sometimes, humane traps are the best solution. If you don’t want to buy a trap, consider building one. Place the trap where you’ve seen the rabbits feeding or resting, and cover it with a piece of canvas. Apples, carrots, cabbage, and other fresh green veggies make excellent bait. Check it often, and release bunnies in rural areas several miles away.

How to Prevent Rabbits

The best way to keep rabbits out of the garden is to start early in the spring using the things they don’t like, then be consistent throughout the growing season.

  • It’s best to keep rabbits from crossing into the garden to begin with, and many old-time remedies rely on spreading various products around the perimeter of the garden such as dried blood or dried blood meal or human hair. Sprinkle dried blood on the surface around all your plants as early in the season as you can, and repeat after a heavy rain. Note: If you have dogs, don’t try this method because they might be attracted to the scent and start digging up your garden.
  • Do not rely on repellents alone. The most effective way of keeping out rabbits is chicken wire fencing. Install a fence that is 4 feet high and bury it 6 inches deep. Bend the top foot of the fence away from the garden like a security fence, so that they can’t climb or jump over it. For new bulbs, try a dome or cage of chicken wire secured over the bed.
  • Rabbits don’t like to leave their shelters, so try to reduce the possible rabbit homes around your yard. Brush away piles of brush and leaves, and fill in abandoned burrows. If a rabbit doesn’t have a place to live, hopefully it won’t stay and munch. Rabbits will also breed much more if they have a good habitat available—all the more reason to have no vacancy!

Plants That Rabbits Dislike

According to bunny experts, rabbits have plant preferences based on taste, nutritive value, the presence of poison or prickles, and ease of availability. Their tastes in food can also vary by region and season, so not all plants work for all rabbits. Be tricky and tend plants that rabbits don’t find very appetizing.

Rabbits tend to avoid some of the same plants as deer and Japanese beetles. If you’d like to control all these pests, check our list of deer-resistant plants and best and worst plants for Japanese beetles to know which plants might do best. Choose plants such as forsythia, lilac bush, marigolds, zinnias, daffodils, lavender, and snapdragons for rabbits. This might help to reduce your rabbit population. This is not a guaranteed solution, as hungry rabbits will eat almost anything, but filling your garden with these plants might make your garden less appetizing than another one. Here are more plants that rabbits dislike:


Azalea (Rhododendron sp.)
Boxwood (Buxus sp.)
Bush cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa)
Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii)
Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster sp.)
Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)
Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
Rhododendron (Rhododendron sp.)
Tatarian dogwood (Cornus alba)
Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)


Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa)
Creeping phlox (Phlox subulata)
Foam flower (Tiarella cordifolia)
Lamb’s ear (Stachys byzantina)
Meadow rue (Thalictrum rochebrunianum)
Peony (Paeonia hybrids)
Perennial salvia ‘East Friesland’ (Salvia x superba)
Primrose (Primula x polyantha)
Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)
Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ (Sedum)
Speedwell (Veronica sp.)
Spring cinquefoil (Potentilla verna)
Stokes’ aster (Stokesia laevis)


Four o’clock flower (Mirabilis jalapa)
Geranium, zonal and bedding (Pelargonium x hortorum)
Mexican ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum)
Pot marigold (Calendula officinalis)
Spiderflower (Cleome hasslerana)
Vinca (Catharanthus roseus)
Wax begonia (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)


Daffodil (Narcissus sp.)
Hyacinth (Hyacinth orientalis)
Persian onion (Allium giganteum)


Summer squash



Do you have any tips for controlling rabbits in your garden or yard? Please post below!

One of the great things about owning a pet rabbit is that you can grow a lot of their food yourself in a backyard garden. In fact, you don’t have to be a master gardener or own a huge plot of land to grow a few of your bunny’s favorites.

Container Gardening

If you’re new to the gardening world or have limited space, a great way to grow vegetables is in containers. You can build a 4×4-foot raised bed fairly economically using planks of untreated pine. You could even use scrap wood. But you have to make sure that the wood you choose is free of chemicals that can leach into the soil. In addition to raised beds, you can grow a lot of plants in pots. The key to container gardening is making sure you use a good potting mix that provides essential nutrients, aeration, and moisture control.


Lettuce is fairly easy to grow. You can direct seed lettuce into a raised bed, and you can grow several plants in a small space.

For head lettuce like romaine, you can grow four heads per square foot. For leaf lettuce, you can grow as many as 16 per square foot. With leaf lettuce, you have the added benefit of being able to clip leaves from the outside and leaving the plant to replenish itself. With head lettuce, once it’s grown, you chop the entire plant and reseed.

Lettuce is a cooler weather crop, thriving in temperatures around 50-60°F (10-15°C). They do best planted in the spring and fall. However, you can find more heat-resistant varieties from seed banks like that you can grow all summer long. In very hot climates, you may want to place your raised bed in a shadier location or construct a shade to keep them cooler.

Bok Choy

Bok choy (aka Chinese cabbage or pak choi) germinates and grows quickly. Direct seed bok choy into a raised bed in the spring or fall as it is a cool weather crop. The soil should be loose and rich. Take care to weed your raised bed so the weeds do not take vital nutrients away from the bok choy plants. After about 45-50 days, bok choy reaches maturity. Be sure to harvest the plants before the weather gets hot because they will bolt (go to seed) quickly.


Carrots can also be directly seeded into a raised bed, although it’s best to use smaller varieties for container gardening. Carrots prefer loose soil, free of rocks, to grow. Aside from thinning the plants to 16 per square foot and keeping the space weed-free, carrots are fairly easy to maintain.

The Paris Market carrots seen here provide just enough of a treat for rabbits. (Carrots should be given sparingly to rabbits.) They enjoy the leafy tops as well.

Herbs are great for containers. You can grow an assortment of herbs like basil, oregano, mint, parsley, and cilantro that your rabbit will love. Some herbs, like mint, are best placed in pots because they are hardy and spread easily. Mint can easily take over a space if not contained.


What can be easier than growing weeds? Growing dandelions is a snap. Most likely, you’ll even be able to collect the plants and seeds from your own yard (as long as your yard isn’t chemically treated.) If you’re going to plant dandelion seeds, it is best to place them in pots so they don’t spread to the rest of your garden, strangling out other plants. All you do is take a handful of seeds, spread them over the top of your soil, cover them ever so lightly with dirt, and then water. (Dandelion seeds need light to germinate.) Before you know it, you’ll have a pot of delicious greens for your rabbit to enjoy. And these hardy plants keep coming back even after you cut the leaves down.

Some Tips

  • Make sure you thin the seedlings, leaving only the strongest plant in the allotted space. This allows healthy plants the room and nutrients they need to thrive.
  • Make sure the container you use has good drainage. Soil should be moist but not muddy.
  • Alternating the placement of plants by square foot (so that you don’t have all the same kind of plant in one raised bed) can help prevent the occurrence of disease and pests.
  • Plant crops successively for continual harvest.

About the Author

Abi Cushman is a veteran house rabbit owner and a contributing editor of My House Rabbit.

When she’s not writing about bunnies for My House Rabbit, Abi writes and illustrates funny books for kids. Her debut picture book, Soaked!, comes out on July 14, 2020 from Viking Children’s Books. (And yes, there’s a bunny in it.)
Learn more at her website,, or follow her on Twitter: @abicushman and Instagram: @abi.cushman.

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Apparently, we need to talk about bunnies. Specifically, the fact that rabbits do not lay eggs. Yes, we realize that sounds crazy. And no, we are not kidding.

According to Google AdWords, the phrases Do bunnies lay eggs and Do rabbits lay eggs each receive between 1,000 and 10,000 average monthly searches. That’s a pretty big number, which leads us to believe that people sincerely do not know.

We can’t say we’re surprised. After all, a National Dairy Council survey last year showed that a depressing number of Americans think chocolate milk comes from brown cows.

Allow us to clear this up: No, bunnies do not lay eggs. As placental mammals, rabbits develop embryos inside a uterus and, after a pregnancy lasting about 31 to 33 days, give birth to a litter of often 12 or more bunnies.

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If you found your way to this article by searching that very question, don’t feel too bad. There’s probably a reason for your confusion, and that’s Easter. The Christian holiday, of course, has two very famous symbols, bunnies and eggs, with the former delivering the latter.

So why is there an Easter bunny when rabbits do not lay eggs? The idea actually comes from a pagan celebration of spring, which was eventually linked to the religious holiday. According to the legend, following a long winter, the goddess of spring, Eastre, turned a frozen bird into a snow hare that could lay colorful eggs. Rabbits’ reputation for rapid reproduction made them the perfect symbol for spring, but alas, the connection between bunnies and eggs is quite strange in the end.

Taysha Murtaugh Lifestyle Editor Taysha Murtaugh was the Lifestyle Editor at

What Herbs Can Rabbits Eat?

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When you have a pet rabbit, their special diet is an adjustment that many people aren’t prepared for in the beginning. Every morning, in addition to their unlimited supply of timothy hay, I give my rabbits their fresh bunny breakfasts. This normally consists of romaine lettuce, sweet baby lettuces, a piece of apple or carrot, and a handful of fresh herbs.

Not long after I got them, I began wondering what herbs can rabbits eat safely? I mean we all have seen the images of rabbits robbing the garden, but honestly, what herbs make the best food for rabbits, and which ones would they choose if they were wild? The list is quite extensive, and not every rabbit will like each herb. What is very interesting about herbs and animals, is the fact that many animals appear to know, to some extent, how to self-medicate using herbs, when they are ill. Today we are going to focus on four herbs that are easy to grow in your own garden, and their apparent uses to treat different issues your rabbits may encounter: lemon balm, parsley, thyme, and chamomile.

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Digestive Facts and Issues

Here are a few rabbit facts that you may not know. Rabbits have a delicate and unique digestive system, and they are prone to issues such as Gastro-Intestinal Stasis, as well as severe gas and bloating if a delicate balance isn’t maintained. The first time one of my rabbits suffered from this condition, the vet told me to feed them as much fresh food as I could. She said the fresh foods would increase the water content they were intaking, as well as adding fiber. I asked about what herbs can rabbits eat and giving them herbs from my garden. She said that would be perfect. I now understand that while Gastro-Intestinal Stasis is a condition that can affect any rabbits, breeds with long fur are much more prone to getting it. A good diet of hay and fresh foods, along with frequent grooming, will help prevent these conditions.

Lemon Balm, Thyme, Parsley, Chamomile

So, to naturally combat this in the future, I discovered what herbs rabbits can eat that will help prevent conditions like this. In my experience, lemon balm has been an amazing discovery. As lemon balm is digested, it breaks down into a chemical that relaxes muscles, spasms, and can help with gas and bloating. Bloating can affect any rabbit, at any time, but is especially common when introducing new foods that aren’t agreeing with your rabbit.

Thyme is a great treatment for all digestive issues as well but is very good at treating diarrhea. It is also known to help expel worms. If you are planting thyme, try to harvest it continually, before it flowers. This way you can have soft leaves and stems to feed your rabbits. After they flower, the stems become woody.

Parsley is often used to treat constipation and blockages, as well as treating kidney issues. This herb is a favorite of rabbits, and you can usually get any rabbit to eat it without any issues.

Chamomile is perhaps my favorite herb to use with my rabbits. It is antibacterial and antiseptic. It can be used to treat everything from nervousness, anxiety and stomach issues. It can also be used externally as a tea to treat weepy eyes and sore hocks. I keep a bag of dried chamomile on hand at all times.

Next, people will always ask how much to give. I try to give my rabbits a handful of fresh herbs every day. I also leave a small dish of dried chamomile in their feeding area so they can get it whenever they want/need it. Rabbits seem to do a good job of knowing which herbs they need at any given time.

Feeding Fruit to Rabbits

Finally, what fruits can rabbits eat to combat digestive issues? When they are sick, I will try giving them apple, pineapple, and papaya because of the high water count. Fresh pineapple and juice has bromelain enzymes that are thought to help break down a wool block in the intestines. However, on a daily basis, I use dried papaya or pineapple as their favorite treat. I do feel better about giving these treats because it isn’t just empty sugar calories they are getting. However, rabbits usually have a sweet tooth, and the occasional carrot, apple slice, banana slice, pear slice or strawberry will add a variety to their diet, and they will greatly appreciate it.

Emergencies, Herbs, and Veterinarians

Now that we have covered several issues that can arise, let me be the first to say that if you notice your rabbit acting like he is in pain, lethargic, or not eating and drinking, or notice a change in his fecal pellets, head to the vet. There is no substitution for this. It is better to be safe. A great diet and herbs will help prevent future attacks, but don’t bet the life of your rabbit on them working in an emergency situation. A good vet will prescribe mobility medications to help get their intestines working again. But if you are noticing symptoms do not wait. Rabbits deteriorate very fast once this condition starts and this is the reason that the healthy diet is so important.

Have you ever wondered what herbs can rabbits eat? Let us know how you use herbs to enhance the health and happiness of your rabbits.

Contents: How much hay should I feed my rabbit? | What is the best hay for my rabbit? | Why is hay so important for rabbits? | Can rabbits eat pellets? | What vegetables can rabbits eat? | What plants can rabbits eat? | What fruit can rabbits eat? | What foods are toxic to rabbits? | How much water does a rabbit need?

Keeping rabbits as pets is very popular in the UK. In fact around 2% of UK households own one according to the Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA). And why wouldn’t you want one? With their soft fur, big black eyes, and long ears.

However making sure you give your rabbit the right food is really important.

We’ve listed what vegetables, fruit and herbs you can feed your rabbit, and we discuss the importance of hay. So you an be fully informed on the correct diet for your furry friend. Read on for more information.

We can insure rabbits for vet fees up to £2,000. Cover can be per rabbit (up to three pets) or per policy. Why not get a quote?

How much hay should I feed my rabbit?

Hay or grass should form the majority of your rabbit’s diet around 80-90%, it should be clean and fresh, and always available.

You should expect to see your furry friend munching hay for around six to eight hours a day according to the RSPCA.

What’s the best hay for my rabbit?

Alfalfa hay is the best kind for young rabbits up to seven months of age. This is because it’s high in calcium and protein that aid growth.

However you shouldn’t feed your rabbit Alfalfa hay as she gets older because the higher calcium content could lead to kidney and urinary problems.

Switch to a grass hay such as Timothy Hay or oat hay once she’s around seven months old. These are higher in fibre, which is an essential part of your furry friend’s diet.

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Rabbits should eat mostly hay or grass

Why is hay so important for rabbits?

Hay is so important because it contains fibre which helps to wears down your rabbit’s teeth, which grow continually at a rate of 2mm to 3mm a week.

Allowing your rabbit’s teeth to overgrow can cause malocclusions (misalignment of the teeth). Dental problems like this can lead to mouth ulcers, difficulty eating, and a very sad rabbit.

(In a situation like this, you’ll need to see a vet – check out how ExoticDirect rabbit insurance can help with this).

Eating hay and grass is better than eating dried food because rabbits need to grind the hay or grass between their back teeth.

In contrast rabbits only need to crush dried food like pellets between their teeth, which doesn’t cause the teeth to grind down.

Hay is also vital in order to keep your rabbits gut working properly. The hay contains fibre, which the gut needs to work hard to digest.

If the gut doesn’t contain enough fibre, it can stop working properly resulting in blockages, such Gut Stasis.

This is an uncomfortable condition for rabbits where the digestive tract slows down or stops working. Bacteria then builds up causing gas and bloating, further decreasing your rabbits appetite.

Not only is it very uncomfortable it can also be deadly. So keep feeding that hay!

Own Guinea Pigs as well? Check out What can Guinea Pigs eat?

Can rabbits eat pellets?

Pellets are useful for younger rabbits when they need a diet that includes a concentration of nutrients in order to help aid growth. Ensure the pellets you buy are also high in fibre, which should be around 18%. However, the main part of your rabbit’s diet should still be hay.


By about three months you can begin to introduce a wide range of vegetables. If you introduce them one by one, you’ll be able to tell which ones are digested more easily and which ones aren’t .

You should feed your rabbit three different kinds of fresh vegetables a day.

What vegetables can rabbits eat?

Rabbits can eat the following veg:

  • Basil
  • Broccoli
  • Beetroot greens
  • Dark Green cabbage
  • Carrot tops and roots
  • Cauliflower and leaves
  • Celeriac
  • Celery
  • Coriander
  • Curly Kale
  • Courgette
  • Dill
  • Fennel
  • Mint
  • Marrow
  • Parsley
  • Parsnip
  • Peppers – green
  • Pumpkin
  • Radish Greens and Roots
  • Rocket
  • Salad greens and lettuce (not too many) and not iceberg lettuce
  • Spinach
  • Spring Greens
  • Sprouts
  • Squash (any type)
  • Sweet potatoes (as a treat)
  • Tomatoes in small quantities
  • Watercress

With thanks to the Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund (RWAF); The Rabbit House;

Rabbits enjoy carrots, however feed them sparingly as they contain sugar.

What plants can rabbits eat?

Rabbits can eat the following plants:

  • Agrimony
  • Avens
  • Apple leaves and twigs
  • Blackberry leaves
  • Burdock
  • Calendula
  • Cleavers (goose grass or sticky weed)
  • Cornflower
  • Common mallow
  • Dandelions
  • Echinacea
  • Goats rue
  • Golden rod
  • Hawthorn
  • Hazel
  • Lemon balm
  • Melitote
  • Mulberry
  • Nasturtium
  • Pansies
  • Rasberry leaves
  • Rosebay Willowherb (fireweed)
  • Roses (leaves and flowers)
  • Shepherds purse
  • Strawberry greens
  • Willow leaves
  • Yarrow
  • Blackcurrent leaves
  • Chamomile
  • Lady Balm
  • Marigold
  • Melilote
  • Mulberry
  • Plantain (broad leaf and rigwort)
  • Raspberry leaves
  • Sunflowers

List taken from the RWAF website

Will rabbits eat geraniums?

There is confusion about whether rabbits should eat geraniums, with some sources saying they can, and some that they can’t. If in doubt, don’t feed them to your rabbit.

What fruit can rabbits eat?

Rabbits can eat the following fruit:

  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Cranberries
  • Grapes
  • Mandarines
  • Mango
  • Nectarines
  • Orange
  • Papaya
  • Pears
  • Peach
  • Plums
  • Pineapple
  • Raspberries
  • Raisins
  • Strawberries
  • Watermelon

You must remove any seeds from the fruit, especially apples, where the pips are toxic.

Only feed small quantities occasionally, as fruit is high in sugar. Too much can lead to dental problems and obesity.

Some fruits such as oranges are also high in acid, which can cause stomach problems and mouth ulcers.

How often should I give my rabbit fruit?

Rabbits should only be given fruit occasionally as it’s so high in sugar, that can lead to obesity or dental problems. Small portions, once or twice or week should be enough.

Don’t be tempted to give in when you see your rabbit tucking into a tasty piece of apple. Like with us and other food types, it may taste amazing, but it’s not that good for us.. Just remember, moderation is the key.

Can rabbits eat pumpkin seeds and other seeds?

Many seeds are not toxic to rabbits however they’re high in fat which could lead to obesity in your rabbit.

Find out what seeds and pits you should avoid feeding your rabbit.

What herbs can rabbits eat?

Rabbits can eat the following herbs:

  • Basil
  • Coriander
  • Dill
  • Mint
  • Parsley
  • Oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Echinacea

What can rabbits not eat?

These foods are poisonous for your rabbit and could make her ill:

Iceberg lettuce can be toxic in large quantities as it contains lactucarium, a substance that can be harmful for your rabbit. In addition, light coloured lettuces contain mostly water, and offer little nutritional value.

Don’t feed your rabbit apple or pear seeds as these contain cyanide, and can be harmful for your rabbit.

Don’t feed your rabbit the pits of apricot peaches and plums as these also contain cyanide.

Why can’t you feed your rabbit grass cuttings?

When grass is cut using a lawnmower, it passes near the hot engine of the mower. This heat triggers a fermentation process, that can be harmful for your rabbit’s tummy.

How much water does a rabbit need?

A rabbit will drink around 10% of her body weight in water daily.

You should ensure the water is clean and fresh, and supplied in either a bowl or a bottle.

If she doesn’t get enough water in her diet, then she could begin to suffer with dehydration and digestive issues.

Your rabbit will also get water from the vegetables she eats, so if she’s eating lots of these, don’t be alarmed if she doesn’t drink a lot of water as well.

Making food time fun – and getting exercise

If you want to combine feeding time with stimulation, try hiding your rabbit’s food underneath toys and inside empty toilet rolls.

In conclusion

Hay should make up the majority of your rabbits diet – around 80-90%.

Vegetables should also form an important part of your rabbit’s diet – you should give her around three portions a day. Pellets can be used to also supplement her diet.

Fruit should only be given occasionally – once or twice a week.

Water is an essential part of your rabbit’s diet – it will help prevent dehydration, and keep her gut moving. You should provide a constant supply of clean, fresh water, changed daily.

And along with this, lots of exercise should help to keep your rabbit happy and healthy for years to come.

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Rabbits have more taste buds than we do, and will appreciate food that actually tastes strong. Herbs are an excellent way to add that delicious taste to a meal. They can be served fresh, as well as tried, and are an excellent alternative to treats. Most herbs have medicinal properties. These properties include antibacterial or analgesic effects, action on the cardiovascular and respiratory system, digestive tract, nervous system, on muscles and on the skin in animals. Fresh herbs can be given to keep a rabbit healthy and relaxed. This does not mean that these plants will replace a visit to a rabbit-savvy veterinarian or a drug therapy when a rabbit is sick.

Herbs can also be harvested in nature and dried, before feeding to a rabbit during the winter months. They should be picked in places that are not contaminated by cat, dog or fox feces, and that are not treated with chemicals or pesticides. Many plants found outside contain toxic molecules that might be harmful, even fatal; it is this important to pick only those herbs that are safe. Don’t trust that your rabbit can decide which plants are eatable, and which are not.

Some herbs that rabbits like to eat


Ocimum basilicum


Mentha piperita


Petroselinum hortense

Garden cress

Lepidium sativum


Salvia officinalis


Carum carvi


Anethum graveolens


Origanum vulgare


Lavandula sp.


Symphytum officinale


Taraxacum officinale


Rosmarinus officinalis


Thymus vulgaris


Trifolium pratense


Matricaria chamomilla

Coriander, cilantro

Coriandrum sativum


Borago officinalis

Salad burnet, small burnet

Sanguisorba minor


Cherifolium cerefolium


Levisticum officinale

Mustard greens



Artemesia dracunculus

Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis


Urtica dioica

Camilla Bergstrøm – MediRabbit

Most rabbits love fresh or dried herbs.

Here, a pot of basil and a dish with dried plantain are suffering the ultimate sacrifice

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