Pictures of an avocado tree

Contents

Growing avocados: flowering, pollination and fruit set

Flowering and pollination

A mature avocado tree may produce in excess of a million flowers during the flowering period, most of which fall without producing fruit. The purpose behind the mass flowering is to encourage visits by pollen vectors. In the wild this means a range of flying and crawling insects, but in Western Australia this is believed to be mainly the European honey bee.

The avocado has a ‘complete’ flower, but with an unusual behaviour known as ‘protogynous dichogamy’. The avocado flower has both functional male and female organs in the one flower, but opens and closes twice over a two-day period — the first day as functionally female (Figure 1) and the next as functionally male (see Figure 2). Each opening stage only lasts about half a day.

Figure 1 Hass avocado flower during the functionally female stage, the first opening stageFigure 2 Hass avocado flower during functionally male stage, after dehiscence, the second opening stage

In general, on a single tree all the open flowers will be synchronised. That means they will be all functionally male or all functionally female. The avocado pollen of one tree is compatible with itself and quite capable of pollinating its own flowers — known as self-pollination. The unusual flowering behaviour is to reduce the likelihood of this occurring — by minimising the amount of own-pollen about when female stages are receptive.

To further maximise the likelihood of cross-pollination some trees will open first in the morning as functionally female, close and then reopen the next afternoon as functionally male (type A flowering sequence).

Other trees open first in the afternoon as functionally female, close and then reopen the next morning as functionally male (type B flowering sequence).

The timing of these stages determines the classification of varieties into either type A or B flowering. See Table 1 for a diagram of the opening sequence of type A and B flowering varieties and how this sequence promotes cross-pollination. This is an evolutionary development to increase genetic diversity.

It is important to understand that as a ‘clonally’ produced tree, a stand of a single variety such as Hass will flower essentially as a single tree. That is, all trees will display the same flowering type behaviour. Table 2 lists some of the common varieties and their flowering types.

Table 1 Avocado flower opening sequence under ‘ideal’ temperatures (maximum 25°C and minimum 20°C) for flowering types A and B

Flower type

Day 1

Morning

Day 1

Afternoon

Day 2

Morning

Day 2

Afternoon

A female closed closed male
B closed female male

closed

Table 2 Flowering classification of common avocado varieties

Flower type A Flower type B
Anaheim Bacon
Gwen Edranol
Hass Ettinger
Hazzard Fuerte
Lamb Hass Llanos Hass
Pinkerton Nabal
Reed Nobel
Rincon Sharwil
Wurtz Shepard

Zutano

Growing Avocados In Containers and Indoor Avocado Plant Care

Avocado trees most likely originated in Southern Mexico and were cultivated for centuries before North America was colonized. The pear-shaped fruits are a delicious, rich food that make an excellent condiment or eat alone addition to your diet. The trees are warm season plants, easily damaged by cold and frost. That said, northern gardeners must learn how to grow an avocado houseplant in order to enjoy fruits grown at home.

Can Avocado Trees Grow Indoors?

Avocado trees can reach 80 feet in height. Most plants do poorly where freezing temperatures may occur. Gardeners in United States Department of Agriculture zones 8 and below should be wary of trying to grow these trees as outdoor plants. This fact leads to the question, “Can avocado trees grow indoors?”

The simple answer to this question is yes. In fact, there are several dwarf varieties, which can help the cold and temperate season gardener produce the healthy fruits in their own home.

How to Grow an Avocado Houseplant

Avocado growing indoors can start with a pit but is most successful with a healthy grafted dwarf tree. Cultivated avocados are grown from compatible rootstock. A plant produced from a seed is less likely to produce fruit, but it will make a lovely tree.

Remove the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse off any excess flesh. Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end.

Place the glass in bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). Change the water frequently. Soon the pit will produce roots, which will grow down into the water. Eventually, stems and leaves will sprout. When the roots fill much of the glass, it is time to transplant to a pot.

Growing Avocados in Containers

Avocado growing indoors is fun and easy. Move the sprouted pit to an unglazed terra cotta pot that is at least 10 inches across and twice as deep as the roots. Use a potting mix with compost blended with sand for a loose, fast-draining composition.

Growing avocados in containers indoors also requires bright light. A plant will get straggly without adequate light. Pinch off excess growth at first to promote a bushier, stronger plant.

Do not expect fruit when growing avocados in containers. Indoor plants need cool nights to force blooming and fruiting. They can also take up to ten years to get to fruiting stage. If you do get fruit, the flavor is not as good as those commercially produce from rootstocks.

Indoor Avocado Plant Care

If you want a better chance at fruit, purchase a dwarf tree that has been grafted onto rootstock. The stock is chosen to increase the best traits of the plant and will make the tree stronger and more resistant to a variety of environmental influences.

Indoor avocado plant care includes plant support and feeding. Use a stake to keep the plants main stem sturdy and straight as it grows. Also, transplant the tree as it outgrows its pot. Prune off any suckers that arise from the rootstock.

Fertilize with water-soluble food monthly and turn the tree frequently to promote even growth. You can also fertilize with fish emulsion every month for the first year.

Give the plant moderate water when the soil feels dry to the touch.

Avocado Trees: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know

One of the most popular superfoods on the market, the Avocado is a fresh favorite. And it’s no wonder why.

One of the most popular superfoods on the market, the Avocado delivers a tonof vitamins and filling, satisfying fiber. And although you can get this tropical fruit from the store, there’s nothing better than harvesting your own avocados, right from home. With our Avocado Trees, it’s possible.

Don’t be daunted – Avocado Trees are actually easy to plant. With a bit of planning and our care tips and tricks, you’ll have an array of avocados to call your own in no time. Let us lead the way and make your journey to backyard harvesting that much more effortless.

Avocado Trees: Why Buy?

As we mentioned before, Avocado Trees are a must-have. Why? Well, their oft-mentioned and talked-about fruit is asuperfood, meaning it’s packed with nutrients that are super healthy. Offering nearly 20 vitamins and minerals in each serving, including lutein, potassium and folate, avocados are a powerful little fruit.

Vitamins, Vitamins, Vitamins

Plus,avocadosare a great source of vitamin B, which canhelp you fight off disease and infection. They also provide vitamins C and E, and natural plant chemicals that could help prevent cancer. Best of all, these tasty little treats are low in sugar and contain fiber to help you feel fullfor hours. Avocados are basically like a diet food without the diet taste. Trading in junk food for avocados doesn’t feel like a sacrifice since they taste amazing.

Good Fats + Heart Health

And though avocados are high in fat, they’restillhealthy. Avocados have what’s calledmonounsaturated fat, which is a “good” fat that aids in lowering bad cholesterol.Avocados help lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also known as “bad” cholesterol, while raising high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, or good cholesterol. This is a big benefit for your heart.

Tasty Treats

Ok, so they’re healthy. But that’s not all. From avocado toast to from-scratch guac, they pretty much improve any dish or meal. Dress them up and grab some nachos, or simply sprinkle with pepper and eat them right off the skin. Either way, avocados are absolutely delectable. They’re on your favorite sushi, in your morning breakfast bowls, in cooking oils and more.

Planning

Plus, there’s even more to love when it comes to avocados. One of the many perks of Avocado Trees is that they can be planted in a container or in the ground. If you’re container planting, just make sure that you place your Avocado Tree in an area that gets a minimum of 4 to 6 hours worth of sunlight each day. Place your tree in front of a large window with direct afternoon sunlight for best results.

And if you’re ground planting, choose an area on the Southern side of your home and ensure that area has well-drained soil. It’s also no problem if your soil needs work. Simply amend the soil with sand or other gritty matter to soak up any left-behind moisture. As long as youplantyour Avocado Tree (or Avocado Trees!) in an area that receives amplesunlight daily, you should see them thrive.

Planting

So you’ve scouted your chosen area, whether it’s indoors or out, and have your Avocado Trees on hand. Luckily, once you’ve got everything planned out, it’s easy to plant your trees.

Indoor Planting

To start, take your trees out of their shipped nursery containers and plant them in containers that are twice the size of their root balls. This is important to ensure your trees have plenty of room to spread out and get established. Also, ensure the containers you use for planting have drainage holes to keep your plants from catching root rot. And dispose of any standing water in your containers’ saucers to avoid fungal growth on your Avocado Trees.

Outdoor Planting

Keep in mind that if you’re planting multiple trees outdoors, you must leave approximately 5 to 8 feet of space between your trees and other structures. Once you’re ready to plant your Avocado Trees, dig a hole that is two to three times wider and deeper than the shipped container. Your roots will then have adequate space to get established once you’ve planned for proper space.

Care

Planting your Avocado Trees is really that easy. Seriously – there’s not a lot of effort involved when it comes to these exotic cultivars. But proper care after planting does give your trees a head start on a lush life.

Watering

One of the most important factors in keeping your Avocado Trees healthy is a proper watering schedule. Your trees will need frequent, deep waterings once or twice a week. However, you should leave enough time between waterings to let the soil dry out sufficiently. Avocado Trees thrive when they’re watered properly, but not when they’re overwatered!

And while the roots of Avocado Trees prefer to stay on the dry side, their leaves love humidity. Your indoor-plantedAvocado Treeswill do best if they’re misted daily. You can also use a humidifier in the room, or fill your container’s saucer with rocks and add water.

Fertilizer

The instructions for fertilizer are pretty simple. Just avoid fertilizing your tree during its first year, since this can burn the roots and cause other damage.After that first year has passed, feed your tree by using a balanced fertilizer four times yearly. Older Avocado Trees benefit from nitrogenous fertilizer applied during the late winter and early summer.

Pruning

As mentioned above, Avocado Trees are pretty effortless when it comes to care. The only time you’ll need to prune is during late winter or early spring, and that pruning isdone only to remove dead wood. If you want to maintain a certain height for your Avocado Trees, trim them lightly by cutting the tallest branches. If you’d like to maintain your width, trim the longest branches and work your way in by cutting other protruding branches.

Pollination

It’s amazing to see the power of pollination at work, and your mature Avocado Trees may grow millions of green flower clusters during the flowering season after pollination. These clusters have both female and male organs; however, the clusters don’t work at the same time. Although the Hass, Cold Hardy and Day Avocado Trees are allself-fertile(you’ll get fruit with just one plant), more trees are always better for even more fruit!

Pests and Diseases

Avocado Trees are pretty hardy, durable cultivars, but it’s important to keep a watchful eye when it comes to pests and diseases.

Deer

When new growth emerges, be mindful of deer, first and foremost. Deer like to nibble on your new tree’s tender shoots, stunting its growth and making it vulnerable to sunburn. However,you can protect your tree by wrapping the bark with trunk wraps. Trunk wraps can also keep smaller critters like opossums, rabbits and squirrels from attacking your tree.

Another alternative? Place deer-deterring plants around your trees. Some of the more effective deterrents include Black Eyed Susans, Butterfly Weed, Foxglove Beardtongue, Nodding Onion, Stiff Goldenrod, and Lance-Leaved Coreopsis.

Other Pests

Ambrosia Beetles:These beetles can burrow into tree trunks, branches and stems, introducing fungi into the tree, where it developsmyceliain its tissues. Beetle issues can be treated with permethrin.
Avocado Bud Mite:This tiny insect feeds on buds and developing fruit, causing small spots of decay, fruit discoloration and malformation. Look out for an adult mite with a yellowish body, with infestations that begin from March through May. Treat these mites with an insecticidal spray.
Avocado Lace Bug:With increasingly severe outbreaks since the ’90s, these small, oblong and brown bugs are a true nuisance. The bugs and their ‘lacey’ wings are found on the underside of the leaves, where they extract the plant’s juices and build up from January through March.
Avocado Tree Girdler:This adult snout beetle attacks younger trees, especially those measuring up to six inches in diameter at ground level. You should examine your Avocado Trees twice a year for these insects, which burrow into the tree – look for the reddishfrassextruded by the larvae, in particular. Treat your tree by removing this insect’s larvae and applying tree wound paint to the tree’s exterior.
Mirids:Feeding from young avocado buds as they areopening, the Mirids’ attacks will destroy flowers and cause recently-set fruit to fall. Avocado Trees are usually vulnerable to Mirids during flowering and early fruit stages. Prevent them by regularly cutting your grass and removing weeds surrounding your trees.Miridscan also be treated with Malathion.
Scale Insects:Scale insects, including black and red scale, can sometimes plague Avocados. They usually infest between May and July, though you can treat them with insecticide.
Spider Mites:Florida Avocados are particularly susceptible to the redmite, which feasts on the upper leaves and the leaves’ veins. You’ll see your leaves turn brown after a spider mite infestation and also see evidence of the mites’ casts. If you can see six or more mites per leaf, spray your tree with insecticide.

Pest Solutions

Luckily, a number of insecticides are safe for using on your Avocado Trees. Our list of recommended and approved insecticides are:

Diseases

Now you’re ready for pests, but what about diseases? Watch out forthe below ailments when caring for your Avocado Trees. Many of these diseases are easy to treat, but it’s vital to be vigilant.

Anthracnose:Afungal disease affectingmatureavocado fruit, though it will sometimes also infect younger fruit, twigs and leaves. It causes black or brownish circular depressions on the fruit whichrapidly spreadand cause the fruit to rot. It’s treat with applications ofanthracnose-approvedfungicide.
Powdery Mildew:Leftuntreated, powdery mildew can affect your tree quite severely. The infection begins with dark green-purple spots on the leaves’ undersides, followed by withpowdergrowth on the upper and lower surfaces. Fungicides approved for powdery mildew will treat and cure this issue.
PseudocercosporaSpot:Common to Avocado Trees, this issue occurs in humid weather and produces small brown lesions on fruits, stems and leaves. Some of the lesions may also grow a furry mass. This disease should be treated with Azoxystrobinor copper spray specially made for Avocados.
Root Rot:Caused by thePhytophthorafungi, this issue is unfortunately not treatable and results in tree death. The tree’s feeder roots blacken, and its leaves gradually wilt and fall. To protect your tree from this type of infection, plant it in well-drained soil and avoid overwatering.
Scab:Caused by theSphacelomaperseaefungus, scaboccurs on twigs and leaves growing on the upper half of your tree and its fruit. The infected fruit develops oval brown, slightly raised spots that gradually sink. Treat it with Azoxystrobinor copper spray that’s formulated for Avocados.

Fungicide Caution

Ensure that you always use a fungicide, Azoxystrobinor copper spray approved by the EPA to treat diseases on your Avocado Trees. Furthermore, you must follow the directions exactly and remove dead orinfected material from the tree – don’t use any of this material for compost.

Harvest

And now, the most exciting time to have your own home-grown fruit…when you get to harvest and enjoy.

Avocados have to be harvested byhand,so pick your avocados at the right time – the longer the fruit stays on the tree, the richer the taste. Your Avocados will darken when it’s time to pick. And your Avocado Trees are a sort of storage unit for your delicious fruit, too. When you’re ready to harvest, pick and wait around three to seven days for your fruit to ripen off the branch.

Delectable Details

Hass Avocados are ready to harvest as early as February, and their harvest can extend as late as September. By contrast, Cold Hardy Avocados usually ripen between November and March.

Day Avocados are harvested from July through September. However, it depends on the weather in your area, their fertilization, and the bearing pattern of the tree.

Compare and Contrast

Though they’re all delectable, easy-to-grow and exotic, you might have a preference for one type based on location, your planting needs and more.Select your Avocado Trees here!

Avocado Tree Care

The highly nutritious fresh avocado fruit can be yours if you take a little bit of care of your avocado tree. Leaf through this article to know all about this wonder tree.

Native to the Caribbean, Mexican, South American, and Central American regions, the avocado tree belongs to the flowering plant family Lauraceae. This tree is cultivated for its valuable spherical shaped fruit; avocado, a large seed containing berry. It is a large erect tree that can grow up to 70 feet in height, and branches out broadly. It is dense and evergreen, shedding leaves in early spring.

It bears small inconspicuous, greenish-yellow avocados from January to March, in terminal clusters of 200 to 300. Although, pollination occurs with so many flowers, only a hand full are capable of bearing fruit, as nearly 5% of flowers are defective in form and sterile, while most shed pollen before pollination occurs. To grow and yield a good harvest, one should have the basic information of how to take good care of the tree.

Plantation

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The basic tree care starts with its propagation method. One can either graft this tree, or grow it by sprouting its seed. A word about the seed propagation method. An Avocado tree borne from a seed will bear flowers and fruits anywhere from 5 to 14 years. However, the fruits grown from seeds are seldom good to eat. If you still want to try growing from the seeds, here is its method. An avocado tree is grown using the mechanics of hydroponic gardening where water, instead of soil is used to germinate the seed (pit).

  • Take an undamaged seed, cut open, and clear all the flesh around the pit.
  • Wash the pit, and pat it dry.
  • In a glass jar filled with water, and a mouth as big as the pit, settle it (pit) on the top, submerging it only half way in water.
  • Place the jar near a well-lit window, replenishing the water every 2 to 3 days, while ensuring that the jar is free of any contaminants.

Moisture and sunlight will aid the rooting process, which will sprout in about 3 to 6 weeks. When the stem has grown six to seven inches in height, your seedling is ready for transplantation. If you find this method too tedious, and are worried about the fruit crop, head straight to a plant nursery, and get yourself an avocado sapling.

Avocado trees are very versatile in their adaptability to different soils and environmental conditions, but they prefer a rich, loose, sandy loam, and well drained soil between pH 6.0 and 7.0, with full or partial sunlight. As they grow large, and replanting them tends to hamper their growth, select a location where they will have ample space to grow. They also need large spaces as their roots are extensive, and can prove to be quite invasive to the plants growing nearby. The roots can aggressively compete for soil nutrients, and are quite capable of choking nearby plants. A young avocado should be watered lightly. Avoid fertilizing it in its first year, after which, feed it with nitrogenous fertilizer late winter and early summer, or four times yearly.

Problems

An established avocado tree is a fairly tough tree, but as with all trees, it is also prone to problems. Yellowing of the leaves is an indication of either over-watering or iron deficiency, which can be easily corrected by controlled watering, or a foliate spray of trace elements containing iron for the respective problems. In its early years, until the tree reaches the age of five or six, it requires protection from frost. Another problem is that of biennial fruit bearing in which a heavy yield in one year is followed by poor yields the next. It is also prone to root rot, brown mite, verticillium wilt, phytophthora canker or collar rot, dothiorella fruit rot, sunblotch, thrips, etc. The treatment for these diseases and pests will depend upon individual symptoms and solutions.

With good care, your tree will bear its first fruit in about 5 to 6 years. Avocados are expensive and high in demand. Just a couple of well grown trees can earn you a good amount of moolah in the local market.

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Seed Availability

Seeds are not available for the Avocado. Please visit our seed store to view current selections.

Description

The avocado is a fast-growing subtropical tree that can reach 80ft in ideal conditions. Trees are usually quite dense in foliage and often have a spreading growth form. Depending on the climate, avocado’s may produce numerous flushes of new growth each year. The crushed leaves of Mexican varieties have an anise-like smell. Flowering occurs during winter, prior to vegetative growth flush. The flowers are formed in large clusters of up to 300 each. From each cluster only 2-3 fruits will develop. There are both type A and type B flowers. Type A flowers are receptive to pollen in the morning, then release pollen the following afternoon, while type B flowers release pollen in the morning and are receptive to pollen the following afternoon. Fruit set is best when plants are cross pollinated between types A and B. Some cultivars set fruit every other year, some set fruit yearly. The fruits ripen 6-18 months from flower set, depending on the variety.

Hardiness

Avocado trees are fairly hardy. Mexican types tend to be the hardiest, surviving temperatures as low as 20F. West Indian varieties are the least hardy, succumbing to temperatures below 32F. Guatemalan varieties are somewhere in between, usually surviving temperatures to 28F.

Growing Environment

Avocado trees do best in full sun, but can be grown in shade–just don’t expect ideal fruit production. They are large trees when put in the ground, but can be grown in a container. Cool temperatures (40-55F) are required for blooms to set, so greenhouse or indoor grown avocado’s should be provided with some temperature range during winter. The roots are fast growing and if allowed, will take over nearby plants. Avocado’s grow best in light, loose, even partially sandy soil. Do not expose the roots to flooding conditions. Watering should be eased up on through the cool winter season. Overwatering can cause root rot. Fertilize trees one or more years in age, four times a year.

Propagation

Avocado’s can be grown by seed. The seeds from store bought fruits can be partially immersed in water and roots will soon develop. Desired varieties are generally grafted.

Uses

Can be eaten fresh, out of hand, but the avocado is usually used in conjunction with other foods. Its uses are too numerous to list here. The leaves and seeds have medicinal applications. Oil extracted from the seeds in used in the bath and body care industry.

Native Range

Native to Southern Mexico, but avocado’s were cultivated for hundreds of years throughout the America’s and are subsequently found almost everywhere.

Related Species

Lauraceae
Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Cinnamon
Litsea garciae
Litsea
Litsea glaucescens
Mexican Bay
Persea americana
Avocado

Avocado

Avocado, Persea americana, is an evergreen tree in the family Lauraceae which grown for its nutritious fruit, the avocado. The avocado tree is large and dome shaped with oval or elliptical leaves arranged in a spiral on the tips of branches. The leaves have a red pigmentation when they first emerge and turn green as they mature. Avocado trees produce clusters of small, green-yellow flowers at the end of twigs and a large, fleshy, pear-shaped fruit with a single large seed. The fruits can be purple to green in color with smooth or warty skin depending on variety. The flesh of the fruit is yellow-green in color and has the consistency of butter. Each fruit contains one large seed. Avocado trees grown from seed can take 4–6 years to produce fruit whereas grafted plants may produce fruit within 1–2 years. The tree can reach a height of 20 m (65.6 ft) and originated in the rainforests of Central America.
Avocado fruits
Avocado foliage
Close up of avocado flowers
Fruit developing
Avocado blossoming
Fruit on the tree
Avocado tree
Avocado seed
Harvested avocados ‹ ×
The avocado is usually consumed fresh as a fruit or as an ingredient in salads or savory dishes. It has a markedly higher fat content than other fruits and is a staple in diets that have limited access to foods with high contents of monounsaturated fats. It is the main ingredient in guacamole, a popular Mexican dip. In Asia, avocados are used in desserts and dessert drinks.
Basic requirements Avocados thrive in subtropical or tropical climates but can also be grown successfully in cooler areas of the world. The optimum temperature for growing avocado is between 25 and 33°C (77–91.4°F) with moderate humidity levels. Once established, trees can tolerate temperatures down to around -2°C (28°F) with minimal damage but young trees will not tolerate freezing temperatures. Avocado requires a well draining, aerated soil and they produce a shallow root system which require a warm soil for efficient water and nutrient uptake. Although trees will tolerate low rainfall, irrigation, particularly during flowering and fruit set, will ensure high fruit yields. Propagation Avocados are commonly propagated from seeds but the seeds will not breed true to type and this should be taken into consideration before planting. Clonal plants are obtained from budding and grafting from a parent tree to ensure the offspring are of the same high quality of the parent. In plantations, seeds can be sown directly in the soil. 2 to 3 seeds are usually sown and thinned later to leave the strongest seedling for grafting. Seeds may also be sown in containers and grown for 2 to 3 months before planting at the final site. Planting Avocado seedling should ideally be planted in the Spring when the soil has warmed through. Choose a location that receives full sun and has protection from the wind. The trees should be planted by digging a hole a little wider than the root ball and gently easing the tree into the hole. Slow release fertilizer can be added to the hole at planting but is not necessary. Care should be taken not to disturb the roots as much as possible and the hole should be carefully backfilled and the soil and tamped to prevent dislodging. Trees should be planted 4.5 to 6 m (15–20 ft) apart in rows spaced 6 m (20 ft) apart. General care and maintenance Newly planted young trees should be mulched after planting with several inches of straw or woodchips. Young trees will also benefit from staking which will help to prevent wind damage. Wood stakes should be driven into the ground outside the root ball allowing 2 stakes per tree. The tree should then be tied loosely to the stakes to provide support while it establishes. Young trees should be irrigated and the root ball should not be allowed to dry out. Trees should be watered every few days. Water trees at and around the base to ensure the root ball is wetted. Trees are usually fertilized at around 4 weeks after planting. Add half a cup of urea every 4 to 6 weeks during the growing season.

CABI Crop Protection Compendium. (2010). Persea americana datasheet. Available at: http://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/39380. . Paid subscription required. Crane, J. H., Balerdi, C. F. & Maguire, I. (1998). Avocado Growing in the Florida Home Landscape. University of Florida IFAS Extension. Available at: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/MG/MG21300.pdf. . Free to access. Ploetz, R. C., Zentmyer, G. A., Nishijima, W. T., Rohrbach, K. G. & Ohr, H. D. (Eds) (1994). Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases. American Phytopathological Society Press. Available at: http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/41620.aspx. Available for purchase from APS Press.

Avocado Tree Stock Photos and Images

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  • Avocado tree blossom
  • Avocado Tree
  • Avocado tree are growing on the glass
  • A Single Red Avocado closeup. A single round red avocado fruit high in a large avocado tree ripens.
  • Flowering avocado tree, Kauai, Hawaii
  • Avocado Hanging Growing Grow Green Closeup Background Texture In On Tree Bokeh Fruit Food Organic Natural Hawaii copyspace
  • Avocado Tree (Persea Americana) With Fruit
  • A hillside grove of avocado tree stumps painted white to protect them from the sun while they are dormant and regrowing branches
  • One of several hybrid cultivar grafts to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Kona, Hawaii, USA.
  • food background with fresh avocado, avocado tree leaves and wooden cutting board. Harvest concept, Guacamole ingredients. Healthy fat, omega 3. Half o
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  • One of several hybrid cultivar grafts to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Kona, Hawaii, USA.
  • Avocado tree blooming (Persea americana)
  • Resplendent Quetzel in an avocado tree in Monteverde Costa Rica rainforest
  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • Avocados are known as green gold in the area surrounding Uruapan, Michoacan, Mexico.
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  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • Green Avocados growing in the backyard of a house in Southern California USA
  • Avocado tree blossom
  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • Avocado tree picture. Garden with green organic fruits
  • Growind avocado tree and blue sky backgorund on Oahu Island, Hawaii
  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • Avocado tree leaves covered with holes, young growing plant spot disease, Asuncion, Paraguay
  • Avocados hanging from tree, Kauai, Hawaii
  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • Avocado plant growing in water.
  • food background with fresh avocado, avocado tree leaves and wooden cutting board. Harvest concept, Guacamole ingredients. Healthy fat, omega 3. Half o
  • A field technician grafts multiple hybrid cultivars to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Hawaii.
  • avocado leaf
  • The Avocado or Alligator pear growing in profusion on a tree against a blue sky
  • Growing an avocado tree from seed stone in water using toothpicks to suspend the stone in a glass of water
  • Avocado Tree Kona Hawaii Pacific Ocean Noni
  • Avocado Tree Kona Hawaii Pacific Ocean Noni
  • Bee Eaters in branches of Avocado tree
  • Holding one avocado in ‘Tepetlixpa Seed Bank’, created by Tomas Villanueva Buendia ‘Tomaicito’ to protect and rescue the original varieties of Mexican corn
  • green shoots of avocado tree
  • Avocado tree Blossom
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  • Low Angle View Of Yellow-vented Bulbul On Avocado Tree
  • Close up of female hand picking an avocado off a leafy green avocado tree
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  • Avocado Tree (Persea Americana) With Fruit
  • Avocados hanging from tree, Kauai, Hawaii
  • Avocado Tree, Fresh Avocados on the vine
  • Avocado tree on coffee farm in Jericò, Colombia
  • Peacock made from avocado palta and avocado tree leaves around black plate. Guacamole ingredients. Healthy fat, omega 3. Half of avocado. Top view
  • Planty of avocados hanging at the avocado tree on the sunny day.
  • Avocado tree
  • avocado tree, avocados ripe on the tree, this plant grown in tropical
  • Avocados (Persea americana) hanging from an avocado tree on La Palma Island, Canary Islands, Spain
  • Avocado tree
  • Avocado tree blooming (Persea americana)
  • Detail of new leaf of avocado tree persea
  • Black And White Cat In Avocado Tree
  • young avocado tree leaves against blue sky
  • Young Avocado Tree Growing From Seed
  • Image of some branches of an avocado tree with fruits waiting for harvest
  • A hillside grove of avocado tree stumps painted white to protect them from the sun while they are dormant and regrowing branches
  • A young avocado tree with big leaves grows from a seed in a pot. Selective focus.
  • One of several hybrid cultivar grafts to a large avocado tree stump whose original nursery graft failed / Kona, Hawaii, USA.
  • Avocado Tree (Persea Americana) With Fruit
  • Flowering avocado tree, Kauai, Hawaii
  • Ripe Red Avocado Fruit. Two lush ripe rare red avocados on the tree surrounded by leaves.
  • Kenya, green fruit of Avocado tree / KENIA, gruene Frucht des Avocado Baum
  • food background with fresh avocado, avocado tree leaves and wooden cutting board. Harvest concept, Guacamole ingredients. Healthy fat, omega 3. Half o
  • Avocado tree with ripe avocado with blue sky background
  • Close-up of avocado tree, La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain
  • avocado tree, avocados ripe on the tree, this plant grown in tropical
  • detail of leaves of an avocado tree
  • Avocado tree Persea americana grows in the wild
  • Pruning of Avocado trees, Persea americana, treated with, Lime-based whitewash for protection. Andalusia, Spain.
  • Young avocado tree in flower pot
  • Avocado or alligator pear is the fruit of the avocado tree (Persea americana)
  • young avocado tree leaves against blue sky
  • Avocado fruit growing on a tree
  • Avocado Tree in Cuba
  • A hillside grove of avocado tree stumps painted white to protect them from the sun while they are dormant and regrowing branches
  • A young avocado tree with big leaves grows from a seed in a pot. Selective focus.
  • Close-up Of Avocado On Tree
  • Avocado Tree (Persea Americana) With Fruit
  • Avocado tree in Michoacan-Mexico
  • Luscious Avocado Hanging from Tree as it Ripens
  • Kenya, green fruit of Avocado tree / KENIA, gruene Frucht des Avocado Baum
  • food background with fresh avocado, avocado tree leaves and wooden cutting board. Harvest concept, Guacamole ingredients. Healthy fat, omega 3. Half o
  • Photo of an avocado tree sprout from an avocado seed
  • Young avocado tree in green pot on a window with shutters, selective focus
  • avocado tree, avocados ripe on the tree, this plant grown in tropical
  • detail of leaves of an avocado tree
  • Avocado tree sprout in glass beer mug isolated on white near window
  • Avocado – half, whole and avocado tree with leaves in pot. Cartoon hand draw illustration isolated on white background.
  • Young avocado tree in flower pot
  • Avocado pear fruit nearly mature on a South African tree
  • young avocado tree leaves against blue sky
  • Avocado fruit growing on a tree
  • Avocado tree cookies
  • Grenada. Close-up of ripe Avocado fruits.
  • Hand holding an avocado on a tree.
  • Squirrel Eating Avocado On Tree

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