Pepper plants leaves yellow

Causes Of Yellow Leaves On A Pepper Plant

Many home gardeners enjoy growing peppers. Whether it be bell peppers, other sweet peppers or chili peppers, growing your own pepper plants can not only be enjoyable but cost effective as well. But when pepper plant leaves turn yellow, this can leave gardeners scratching their heads. There are many things that can cause pepper leaves turning yellow. Let’s look at some possible reasons why your pepper plant leaves are yellow and how to fix yellow leaves on a pepper plant.

Causes of Pepper Leaves Turning Yellow

Pepper Plant Leaves are Yellow Due to a Lack of Water and Nutrients

One of the two most common reasons for yellow leaves on a pepper plant is either under watering or a lack of nutrients in the soil. In both of these cases, pepper plants will also be stunted and will commonly drop the pepper flowers or fruit.

If you think that this is the reason your pepper plant leaves are yellow, increase watering to your pepper plants and apply some balanced fertilizer.

Disease Can Cause Pepper Plants with Yellow Leaves

Another thing that can cause pepper plant leaves to turn yellow is disease. Disease like bacterial leaf spot, wilt and phytophthora blight can all cause yellow leaves on a pepper plant. Typically, these diseases will have some other effect on the pepper leaves, such as brown leaf spots in the case of bacterial leaf spot, or wilted leaves in the case of wilt and phytophthora blight.

Unfortunately, most diseases that affect peppers are untreatable and the plant must be discarded; you won’t be able to plant another nightshade vegetable in that location for a full year.

Yellow Leaves on a Pepper Plant Caused by Pests

Pests can also cause pepper plants with yellow leaves. Pests like mites, aphids and psyllids will suck on the plant and divert nutrients and water. This will cause the pepper plant leaves to turn yellow.

If you suspect that the yellow leaves on your pepper plant is caused by pests, treat the plant with an insecticide. Neem oil is a good choice, as it only kills harmful pests and does not affect people, animals and beneficial insects.

While pepper plants with yellow leaves are frustrating, they don’t need to be. Check your plants carefully and in no time at all, the yellow leaves on your pepper plant will be a thing of the past.

Pepper is a popular household plant. They are very easy to grow in comparison to other plants out there. They have been in the picture since ages and continue to find a place in most gardens. One can enjoy pepper gardening by regular maintenance.

That being said, pepper plants can get affected by heaps of harmful diseases. These diseases can be bacterial or fungal. One of the predominant symptoms associated with these diseases is change in the color of the pepper plant. Pepper plants will turn yellow upon infestation. In fact, yellowing of the leaves is a common problem experienced by most gardeners out there.

Pepper plants turn yellow because of nutrient deficiencies. Nutrient deficiencies could be due to inadequate supply of iron, calcium, sulphur, magnesium and zinc. Fortunately, there are plenty of fertilizers out there in the market, which can help you deal with this issue. These fertilizers are loaded with nutrients, which will ensure that the pepper plants do not turn yellow.

If you see your pepper plant leaves turning yellow, then this might also be due to excess nitrogen present in the soil. This usually occurs due to excess watering. Restricting the water supply to the plant will help you eradicate this problem. Chlorinated water, fungal issue and soil splash on the pepper leaves are few other reasons responsible for the yellowing of the pepper leaves. Some bacteria’s not only change the color of the leaves, but also spoil pepper fruit.

Remember, not all problems can be dealt in a similar fashion. In some cases, you may have to voluntarily supply the plant with excess water to prevent the plant from turning yellow. Proper inspection of the plant is a must to ensure that you are able to offer the proper resolution to a given problem.

For instance, having a good look at the plant leaves will help you determine the problem. If you witness that the lower leaves of the pepper plant is turning yellow, and the veins on the leaves are green or dark brown, then you can save your pepper plant by watering the plant in excess. Excess watering will ensure that you are able to get rid of the excess nitrogen present in the plant.

As mentioned earlier, pepper plants can turn yellow due to chlorinated water as well. Eradicating the chlorine from the water will ensure that your pepper plants do not turn yellow due to the presence of chlorine in the water. The most simple and effective way to get rid of chlorine from the water is to allow the bucket to be in a standstill position for few hours. This will enable evaporation of the chlorine from the water.

Experts recommend that one sprays fungicides once in a week to control diseases. However, if the infestation is severe, then you might have to spray it once every five days. Read the label of the product carefully to ensure that you are using the proper dosage. Going high or low on fungicides would not be in your best interest over here.

Last Updated on January 3, 2020

Chilli Plants Turning Yellow – How to Resolve

One question that gets asked time and time again here on the Chilli King is why are my chilli plants turning yellow? There are a number of possible reasons listed below that can cause yellow leaves. As is often the case with diagnosing problems it is usually impossible to say definitively what the

Nutrient Deficiency

One of the most common causes of yellow leaves on chilli/pepper plants is a lack of nutrients, particularly nitrogen. Yellowing of leaves is more common when growing peppers in pots as there is only a finite supply of nutrients in the soil or compost you used when potting the plants. In order to maintain strong growth throughout the season and maximize flower and fruit production you’ll need to regularly feed you plants.

As a general rule you should feed your chilli plants once a week as soon as they start producing flowers. While you can buy feed specifically formulated for chilli plants such as Chilli Focus which is great I tend to use regular liquid tomato feed. I water it down to half the recommended strength and feed my chilli plants once per week.

Chlorine in Water

Water from a domestic tap will almost always contain small amounts of chlorine which can cause yellowing of leaves. If you can, try to use rain water to water your chilli plants as this will be chlorine free. If you’re unable to hook up a water butt to your guttering then the easiest way is to let the water you use from the tap stand for 24 hours before being used on your plants. Letting the water stand will allow the chlorine to burn off and evaporate making it much more palatable to your plants.

Over Watering

Yet another cause of yellowing leaves may be over watering. Over watering can wash the nutrients out of the soil around the roots. I think a lot of people over water their chillies. As well as encouraging pests, fungus and diseases over watering can also reduce the heat levels in plants.

Even if the top of the pot looks dry if you stick your finger in the soil you’ll be surprised how moist the compost can be just a few centimeters below the surface. The best method I use to see if my plants need watering is to lift the pot and gauge the weight of the plant/pot. Do it every day and you’ll soon get a feel of when the plants are very dry and in need of a water.

Chilli plants are resilient plants and thrive in warm climates with minimal rainfall. I am a firm believer that it is better to under water chilli plants as opposed to over water them.

Cool Temperatures

I’ve also noticed that plants which I leave outside at night tend to be more susceptible to yellowing leaves. Chilli plants love warm temperatures so don’t take too well to drops in nighttime temperatures which can be all to common here in the UK, even in the middle of Summer. It may be a bit of a pain but I now tend to move all of my plants inside each evening and then put them out again each morning!

How to Read Your Plants and Prevent Problems in the Garden

Do you understand plant language?

Though they can’t speak, plants send messages all the time — from requests for resources to warnings of trouble.

And they do so silently, communicating with visual cues, such as altered leaf colors and shapes.

If you learn to read these signs, you’ll be able to catch minor issues before they become big problems, thereby maximizing the productivity of your garden.

So here’s a lesson in plant language 101.

Quick Reference Guide to Secret Plant Signs

If you notice a problem in your garden, but are short on time, use this chart to narrow down the possibilities.

Tower Tip: Nutrient deficiencies, plant diseases, and other problems can occur at the same time and look similar. So identification may be tricky. If you need help, take a sample of the affected leaf to your local cooperative extension office.

(View a larger version)

Want to learn more about what your plants are trying to tell you? Let’s dive a little deeper…

Yellow Leaves and Nutrient Deficiencies

“Why are my plant’s leaves yellow?”

If you’re like most gardeners, you’ve faced this befuddling question before. Leaf yellowing — known as “chlorosis” in the world of science — has many potential causes. But one of the most common is undernourishment.

For healthy development, plants require 16 different micronutrients and macronutrients. And if they don’t get them or if proportions are imbalanced, leaves may start to look strange, become more susceptible to disease, and slow (or even stop) their growth — decreasing yields.

Symptoms of Plant Nutrient Deficiencies

Before you can address a deficiency, you’ve got to be able to figure out which nutrient your plant needs. So here are a few ways a plant may show you it’s missing something important:

  • Boron – Young leaves turn light green and may be disfigured.
  • Calcium – Leaves are disfigured and may wilt or show signs of necrosis (i.e., death of plant tissue).
  • Copper – Leaves may be limp and/or curled.
  • Iron – New leaves turn a pale, yellow color between green leaf veins (this is known as interveinal chlorosis).
  • Magnesium – Leaves show spotting and yellowing between green leaf veins. Outer edges of leaves may pucker or curl.
  • Manganese – Younger leaves turn yellow between veins (giving them a net-like look) and may develop dead spots.
  • Molybdenum – Older leaves yellow. Remaining leaves turn light green. All leaves may become distorted and narrow.
  • Nitrogen – Older leaves and veins turn a pale, yellow color. Other leaves turn light green and stay smaller than normal.
  • Phosphorus – Leaves looks stunted and turn dark green or even a deep purple color (almost black for some plants). Leaf tips may look burnt.
  • Potassium – Older, lower leaves show marginal necrosis, even looking scorched around the edges. Leaves also yellow on edges and between veins.
  • Sulfur – New leaves yellow and leaf veins lighten while older leaves remain green. (May be confused for a nitrogen deficiency.)
  • Zinc – New leaves yellow and may develop necrosis between veins.

For further help with identification, check out this visual representation of deficiency symptoms.

How to Fix Nutrient Deficiencies

The best way to solve deficiencies is to avoid them in the first place by giving your plants the nutrients they need.

For soil-based gardeners, that means using fertilizers, rich compost, and other amendments. But if you’re growing with Tower Garden, all you really need is Mineral Blend — a simple, balanced mix of all the key nutrients.

Tower Tip: Even if you’re providing the essentials, a high or low pH may keep plants from absorbing or processing them. Most plants access nutrients best when pH is around 6.5. So measure your levels every few weeks and adjust as necessary.

Other Causes of Discoloration and Disfigurement

Nutrition isn’t the only reason a plant’s leaves may look unusual. Here are a few other common causes.

Pests and Plant Diseases

It’s wise to watch for garden pests. Because bad bugs not only damage and stress plants — they also often introduce the following types of plant diseases, which bring additional harm:

  • Bacteria – Bacterial diseases can cause wilting and spotting.
  • Fungi – Some leaf fungi mimic certain symptoms of nutrient deficiencies, including yellowing and necrosis.
  • Virus – If you see blotchy or patchy yellowing on your leaves, a virus may be the responsible (especially if the discoloration is accompanied by disfigured growth).

Learn how to prevent and control these diseases “

Over (or Under) Watering

One of the most common, non-nutrient-related causes of yellow leaves is over or under watering. It’s a common cause, that is, for soil-grown plants.

Since Tower Garden automates the watering cycle, plants always receive the optimal amount of water. But if you’re growing in soil, here are a couple of ways to determine whether you should adjust your watering schedule:

  • Check the soil. (I know — it’s basic. But it’s never a bad idea.) If it’s drenched, it may be waterlogged, robbing plant roots of the oxygen they need to survive. In this case, water less.
  • Look for dropped leaves. Plants that don’t receive enough water drop leaves to prevent transpiration (i.e., the evaporation of water from plant leaves). So if you see leaves on the ground, water more.

Environmental Factors

Your growing environment can impact how your plants grow. Here are a few elements to consider.

When accompanied by thin, reaching stems, pale leaves usually suggest a plant isn’t receiving enough light. (Most plants need at least six hours of direct sun or, if growing indoors, 14 hours under grow lights.)

On the other hand, newly transplanted crops may develop bleached spots on their leaves after too much sun exposure. To avoid this, harden seedlings by gradually introducing them to the outdoors over the course of a few weeks.

Similarly, when growing inside, leaves that get too close to grow lights may become spotted or scorched due to over-transpiration, which is followed by yellowing, spotting, and, eventually, leaf death. The solution? Harvest more often!

To prevent wilting in a Tower Garden full of small seedlings (e.g., plants that are three inches tall or shorter), it’s best to use a half-strength nutrient solution: 10mL of Mineral Blend A + 10mL of Mineral Blend B per gallon of water.

You can safely increase nutrients to the full amount once seedlings have grown taller than three inches and developed a robust root structure. This usually takes less than a month.

Note: Even for mature plants, overly concentrated nutrients can also cause fertilizer burn. So make sure you’re always feeding your plants the proper amount.

Extreme heat often causes plants to wilt. But they usually bounce back once temperatures cool. That being said, these precautions can help protect your plants from hot weather.

If you notice black spots on leaves or plants after a cold snap, frost damage is likely the cause. Some plants — particularly kale, collards, and other hardy greens — can survive light frosts. More sensitive crops, such as tomatoes and peppers, however, usually die after freezing weather.

If leaves look dry around the edges and/or curl upward, they may be suffering from windburn. Consider setting up a wind barrier to protect them.

It’s completely normal for older, more mature leaves of a plant to yellow and die over time (as long as new, green leaves are replacing them). Just remove these old timers as you see them to prevent leaf fungi.

What Are Your Plants Saying?

Now that you know how to decode your garden’s secret language, diagnosing and rectifying problems should be a little more straightforward.

Have any questions or tips of your own? Let’s continue the conversation in the comments below.

Why are the leaves on my bell pepper plant starting to turn yellow?

Hot Network Questions

  • How do I prove my age to buy alcohol in Jamaica?
  • Risk of Using 3 amp fuse for 2.5 amp plug
  • Can I delay my turn to the end of a round, by not rolling for initiative?
  • Off the ground the game is at stake
  • Repeat every other character in string starting with second character
  • My first Riley riddle, double Riley riddle
  • Notation for “the” left adjoint functor
  • How do I handle a “fake” co-author?
  • Ubuntu 18.04: Is dynamic swap space sizing practical? Running out of memory crashed Ubuntu
  • Story where a man can recognize any place on any planet from a single image
  • What does “gross of” mean?
  • Modern military equipment in a fantasy world
  • “Work in a power plant”, “work on a power plant” or “work at a power plant”?
  • What is a good way to find some other western friends in a foreign city?
  • Purpose of ‘bore’ on spoke nipples – why are spoke nipples not threaded through their entire length?
  • GPU struggles only in the primary PCIe slot. Is this a motherboard issue?
  • Can the Actor feat allow a character to effectively speak a language they don’t know?
  • Is it safe to rub WD-40 in to a brass insert on a circuit board?
  • Can I be charged for murder if I throw peanuts at someone who has a severe peanut allergy and they die as a result of that?
  • What are the differences between these lenses and how will they affect a beginner?
  • What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?
  • Help identify missing component USB power
  • Now that I have iCloud, what benefit does Time machine provide?

more hot questions

10 nutritional disorders of pepper

10 nutritional disorders of pepper

  1. 1. Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 89 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper airly extensive work has been done in Malaysia on nutritional disorders in pepper, including deficiencies of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese and Boron. The problems resulting from cultivation of pepper in acid soil conditions have also been examined. A summary of these studies follows. 11.1 Nitrogen Deficiency Nitrogen Deficiency symptoms are generally characterised by poor growth, with pale and yellowish leaves (Fig. 59). At first, the lower leaves turn yellowish but the upper canopy of affected plants tends to remain relatively green. In severe cases, leaves of the entire plant show a characteristic yellow to orange-yellow discolouration and the extreme end of the leaf tip becomes necrotic in some instances. Leaf abscission is common in severely affected plants. Fig. 59. Nitrogen Deficiency Symptoms, (a) and (b). (a) (b) Continued F
  2. 2. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 90 Fig. 59. (Continued) (c) Leaves in upper canopy remain green while lower leaves are chlorotic (d) Leaves are chlorotic with yellow to orange yellow colouration Nitrogen deficiency may be overcome by applying 40, 80 and 160 g N per plant in the first, second and third year respectively, if pepper is planted in clayey soils on gentle slopes. On coarse-textured soils and steep slopes, the rate should be increased by as much as 50%. If urea is used to supplement complete fertilisers, it must be buried in shallow trenches. 11.2. Phosphorus Deficiency Clear symptoms of Phosphorus deficiency often rare in the field. In severe cases, the most striking symptom is stunted growth of the plants. This effect is not so much reduced terminal growth, but more of restricted lateral growth due to poor secondary branching. Leaf blades of mature leaves become very dull looking, turn bronze coloured, tend to be stiff and show necrosis at the tips in some instances, before abscission occurs (Fig. 60).
  3. 3. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 91 Application of 35g, 70g and 140g of P205 fertilizer per plant in the first, second and third year respectively is recommended for plantations on shale derived soils of clay to clay loam texture. About 30% of the P205 should be in water-soluble form during the immature stage of growth. Rock phosphate is less efficient than water-soluble phosphate and higher rates may be required if the former is used. In sandy soils, phosphate application in the third and subsequent years should be half that of the recommendation for residual shale soils. Application of phosphate as a foliar nutrient is possible and spraying triple superphosphate 1.0–2.0 % is recommended in this regard, but this is more expensive. 11.3. Potassium Deficiency Potassium deficiency symptoms can be seen on the distal end of affected mature leaf blades becoming necrotic, brittle and grey in colour. Necrosis is usually confined to the distal end, while the portion beyond the boundary separating necrotic and live tissues displays a ‘V’ shape band, which is yellow to reddish brown. This band sometimes occurs without the ‘tip burn’ symptom (Fig.61). Fig.61 Potassium deficiency symptoms: (a) Necrotic tips or ‘tip burn’ (b) ‘V’ band of yellow colour separating necrotic tips and live tissues Fig. 60. Phosphorus Deficiency Symptom: Leaves are dull looking, bronzy in colour and tend to be stiff.
  4. 4. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 92 Application of 40g, 80g and 160–200 g K2O fertilizer per plant in the first, second and third year respectively is adequate for optimum performance on residual shale soils. For coarse sandy soils, the rate should be increased to 270g K2O per plant from the third year onwards. 11.4 Magnesium Deficiency Magnesium deficiency symptoms first appear on older leaves and progress to younger leaves. In the early stage, chlorosis occurs in between main veins. This usually starts from the central proximal half of the leaf. The chlorotic area enlarges to the leaf tip and subsequently towards the leaf margin. A light dramatic leaf fall is often induced, leaving the branches quite bare with only younger unaffected leaves remaining on the plant (Fig.62). The area near the petiole often stays green and gives an arrowhead effect of green tissue penetrating the yellowing areas on the leaf. Fig. 62 Magnesium deficiency symptoms: (a) and (b) Dramatic leaf fall in severe case leaving bare branches and (c) Chlorosis in between main veins of leaves (a) (b) (c) Apply 1.0 kg dolomite at planting and 0.5 kg per plant in subsequent years or every alternate year. For acute deficiency, 200 g kieserite per plant may be applied to correct the disorder.
  5. 5. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 93 11.5 Calcium Deficiency Visually, Calcium deficiency is first observed in fresh mature leaves as yellowing or chlorosis which starts on either or both edges near to the petiole end or middle part of the leaf blades. The marginal chlorosis advances inward, followed by necrosis. The proximal and distal ends of the affected leaves are either green or pale green. Tiny pinhead necrotic spots may appear scattered between the main veins on the lower and upper surfaces of the leaves. Leaf abscission occurs before the central portion of the leaf becomes necrotic. Die-back may occur at the growing point. Leaves of the lower canopy are usually more severely affected than those of upper canopy (Fig.63). Fig.63 Calcium Deficiency symptoms: (a) Early stage of Calcium Deficiency (b) Advanced stage-necrosis at the edges of leaves Application of 1.0 kg dolomite per plant at planting and 0.5 kg in subsequent years can correct the deficiency. Deficient plants may take 2 – 3 months for complete recovery after applying dolomite. For acute deficiency, foliar spray using 1.0% solution of calcium nitrate or 0.4% of anhydrous calcium chloride has been recommended as for other crops, but is expensive and is not a long-term solution. 11.6 Iron Deficiency Iron deficiency begins in the younger branches and is characterised by interveinal chlorosis. The chlorosis occurs in between the main veins and smaller veins as well, forming a fine reticulate pattern of green veins contrasting sharply with a pale green or yellow background. The youngest leaves may be completely green or even white. In acute deficiency, the internodal length of terminal shoots and lateral branches is markedly shortened and leaves tend to crowd together at the upper end of the canopy. The berries of affected vines appear pale green to yellow (Fig. 64, (a) and (b))
  6. 6. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 94 Fig.64 Iron Deficiency symptoms: (a) Symptoms are more severe on upper canopy of affected vines, (b) Healthy and iron deficient leaves and berries. When acute Iron Deficiency occurs, treatment is more difficult than for any other nutrient deficiencies. Fortunately, treatment is often not necessary as the plants normally recover as they grow older, probably due to the development of more extensive root systems, which enables a greater uptake of iron. Treatment is attempted only in severe cases. Foliar application of FeSO4 salt at 0.5% concentration is useful but several applications may be necessary to provide effective control. NB: Iron Deficiency may often be induced by natural occurrence of excessive amounts of Calcium in the soil or from over liming a soil with excessive amounts of lime or dolomite. 11.7. Manganese Deficiency Manganese deficiency symptoms are more severe in the upper canopy of affected plants. Younger leaves turn chlorotic or yellowish white with only the main veins remaining green. The older leaves produce a characteristic herringbone pattern with green veins and the areas between the veins turn yellowish white. At a later stage, small necrotic spots appear and grow in size in the pale areas. Manganese and iron deficiencies can occur simultaneously as both are induced by over liming. While the symptoms of young leaves in a manganese-deficient plant can easily be confused with those of iron, the two deficiency symptoms are distinctly different in the mature leaves. When deficiencies are prolonged and severe, berries also show characteristic symptoms (Fig.65).
  7. 7. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 95 Fig.65. Manganese Deficiency symptoms a) b) c) d) Foliar sprays and soil applications of manganese sulphate have been used to correct manganese deficiency. However, the former have generally been more successful than the latter. One or more foliar sprays of 0.5% manganese sulphate can usually correct the deficiency. 11.8. Boron Deficiency Boron deficient plants are stunted with shortened internodes and reduced branching. Young and recently mature leaves show characteristic symptoms of interveinal chlorosis at the distal and central portion. Young leaves are small and distorted with pronounced puckering and necrotic lesions on the main veins (Fig.66).
  8. 8. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 96 Fig. 66 Boron deficiency symptoms: (a) Young leaves are small and distorted with pronounced puckering and necrotic lesions on small veins, (b) Stunted growth with shortened internodes and reduced branching, interveinal chlorosis at distal and central portion of leaves Soil application of 10 g of sodium tetraborate per plant has been found to be highly effective in correcting the deficiency and to increase leaf boron concentrations to adequate levels. 11.9. ‘Acid Soil’ Conditions Necrotic spots develop along the main veins and also between the main veins in the middle portion of the affected leaves. More than half of the distal portion of mature leaves may become chlorotic. Symptoms in recently mature leaves are more severe than those of the younger and older leaves. In immature pepper, growth is severely retarded. The root system of affected plants develops poorly, having black and decayed roots, which are brittle. Leaves are shed prematurely and the yield of affected vines is poor. These symptoms are similar to those that have been described as ‘Aluminium’ toxicity and multiple deficiencies (Fig.67). Application of 0.5 – 1.0 kg dolomite per plant together with a foliar spray of trace elements can usually correct the disorder. Recovery is often slow, taking two or more months. Application of water soluble kieserite (200 g/plant) in combination with dolomite has been found to hasten recovery. The disorder may be complicated by nematode damage to the root system, particularly on sandy soils.
  9. 9. 11. Nutritional Disorders of Pepper Pepper Production Guide for Asia and The Pacific 97 Fig.67 ‘Symptoms of Acid’ Soil Condition: (a) and (b) Necrotic spots along the main veins, and (c) Plant affected by ‘Acid Soil’ a) b) c) 11.10. Manganese Toxicity Young leaves are normal while older leaves are affected. Dark brown to black spots appear first at the leaf margin before extending towards the central portion of the lamina. This eventually leads to a striking interveinal pigmentation. Premature shedding of leaves and poor secondary branching are observed in cases of acute toxicity (Fig.68). Fig. 68 Manganese Toxicity symptoms: (a) Characteristic interveinal pigmentation mainly on mature and older leaves in affected plants, (b) Leaves showing increasing severity of Manganese Toxicity from left to right Application of 1.0 kg dolomite per plant, improving drainage of the planting site, re-mounding with fresh soil and use of fertilisers with minimum manganese content should overcome Manganese toxicity.

Nutritional Deficiencies/Disorders of Black Pepper


  • Agri Inputs
  • Crop Production
    • Critical factors to be considered for selection of crops
    • Weather Information
    • Package of practices
    • Crop management for aberrant weather conditions
    • Technologies for NE India
    • Integrated Pest Managment
      • Components of IPM
      • Ecological Engineering for Pest Management
      • AESA based IPM
      • IPM for Cereals and Millets
      • IPM for vegetable crops
      • IPM for fruit crops
      • IPM for pulses
      • IPM for oilseeds
      • IPM for commercial crops
      • IPM for spice crops
        • IPM Strategies for Cumin
        • IPM Strategies for Fennel
        • IPM Strategies for Garlic
        • IPM Strategies for Ginger
        • IPM Strategies for Small cardamom
        • IPM Strategies for Turmeric
        • Insect pests of tree spices and their management
        • IPM Strategies for Black Pepper
          • Black Pepper Pests
          • Black Pepper: Insect and Nematode Pests Management
          • Black Pepper: Diseases and Symptoms
          • Nutritional Deficiencies/Disorders of Black Pepper
          • Black Pepper: Crop Stage-wise IPM
        • IPM Strategies for Large cardamom
        • IPM strategies for Clove
        • IPM strategies for fenugreek
        • IPM strategies for Chilli
      • IPM Strategies for Coconut
      • Role of Entomopathogenic fungi in insect pest management
      • Effects of climate change on insect pests dynamics
      • Fall Armyworm
      • The Nematodes:From the Vistas of Climate Change
      • Climate change driven pest management strategies
      • Locusts Management
    • Integrated weed management
    • Integrated Nutrient Management
    • Advanced Technologies
    • Tips for farmers
    • Organic Farming
    • Applications of Super Absorbent Polymers in Agriculture
    • Ornamental bananas
    • Hydroponics
  • Forestry
  • Post Harvest Technologies
  • Market information
  • Livestock
  • Poultry
  • Fisheries
  • Women and agriculture
  • Agri Exports
  • Agro enterprises
  • Best Practices
  • Policies and Schemes
  • National Schemes for Farmers
  • State-specific schemes for farmers
  • Agri Credit
  • Agri Insurance
  • ICT applications in Agriculture
  • Agri Directory
  • Discussion Forum – Agriculture

Identify symptoms of nitrogen deficiency in plant leaves

How do you recognise a nitrogen deficiency?

  • First, the older leaves turn yellow-green. This colouring will spread from the inside of the leaves to the outside.
  • Next, the yellowing will spread to the base of the leaf and the veins.
  • Eventually, the growth of the plants stops and the leaves fall off.
  • The stems of your plants will turn purple or reddish.

What is the (possible) cause?

  • Too much potassium, zinc and manganese in the soil or substrate.
  • Too much chloride in the soil.
  • Too little nitrogen available in the soil or substrate.
  • The pH value of the root environment is too high.
  • The root system of the plant may be dysfunctional. This can be caused by damage, disease or a low soil temperature.
  • Nitrogen is easily soluble. This means it can easily be washed out of the soil.

How can you prevent it?

Under normal circumstances a nitrogen deficiency does not occur quickly. However, during intense stress or a growth spurt the plant is more susceptible to deficiencies. By using one of our basic nutrients (like Alga Grow and Alga Bloom), you reduce the likelihood of a deficiency. Also keep abiotic factors in mind. These include temperature, light intensity, acidity, amount of moisture and wind strength.

How can you cure it?

Are the leaves yellowed? Then fertilise your plants with a fertiliser with a high nitrogen content like Terra Grow. We also call this a fertiliser with a high N value. These can be applied as foliar fertiliser.

What does nitrogen do for the plant?

Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for your plant. It is required for the creation of chlorophyll. In turn, chlorophyll is needed for photosynthesis. A plant uses photosynthesis to grow. Additionally, nitrogen is part of the amino acids. These are used to form proteins. Proteins are needed for every conceivable process in the plant. For instance, they stimulate growth and promote fruit development.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *