Palm tree bark damage

Can You Darken A Tree That’s Been Sun Bleached?

Sun bleached tree trunks are common in the South on plants such as citrus, crepe myrtle and palm trees. Cold temperatures with bright sun contribute to a condition called sunscald, which can damage tree health. You can use a cosmetic product for fixing faded bark on trees, but it is better to prevent the problem in the first place. Knowing how to color sun bleached trees will prevent the damage while allowing the natural beauty of the plant to shine through.

Is Unbleaching Tree Bark Necessary?

Sunscald is a common problem in home landscapes and orchards. Many tree growers paint the trunk with a latex based paint for sun bleach prevention, but where trees haven’t been treated the bark will lighten, dry and can crack.

You can, however, darken bleached out trees’ bark and protect the plants from sunscald, moisture loss and even insects with paint or tree wrap. Usually, a light color is used to help prevent sunscald, but you can use any light color for the same effect. Choose one that is tan, or even a light green, so it blends in with the landscape. Covering the trunk with the paint or tree wrap is easier than unbleaching tree bark.

Can You Darken a Tree That Has Been Sun Bleached?

If you failed to protect your tree from sunscald, the bark will be dry, white to light gray and may even be split or cracked. Once this happens, the remedy is basically cosmetic. So, can you darken a tree that has been sun bleached?

Unbleaching tree bark is impossible, but you can darken bleached out trees. You should use only products that allow the tree to breathe, so avoid the types of stains and waxes that are used on wood furniture. They will suffocate the tree, although they will darken the wood.

How to Color Sun Bleached Trees

There are formulations of tree paint available in nurseries and garden centers that come in natural colors or you can tint your own. Tinted latex paint is the easiest way to deepen trunk color. The bark will still be bleached under the coating, but the appearance will be more natural and prevent glaringly white trunks that don’t blend with the landscape.

A mixture of 1 gallon latex paint to 4 quarts of water coats easily adds the protection the tree needs from sunscald, as well as boring insects and rodents. Apply it by hand, brushing onto the wood. Spraying doesn’t penetrate as well or coat as evenly.

Another suggestion is a dilution of coffee or tea rubbed into the wood. It will fade in time but shouldn’t cause any harm to the plant.

Palm trees are certainly in abundance in Boca Raton! As plentiful as they are, they are a delicate tree that requires professional care and experience when installing and throughout its life.
Our experts know how to care for all types of palm trees and especially how to work with damaged trees.
A palm tree is a majestic part of your landscaping design and vision. There are many factors and elements, natural and unnatural, which can damage your beloved palm trees.

• Hurricanes
• Cold weather snaps
• Diseases
• Physical damage
While many other breeds of trees are very resilient to these elements, palm trees are surprisingly delicate. Their roots when first installed must be protected. The soil must be sandy and nutrient rich. Their trunks are narrower than many other trees as well. This make them very vulnerable to high winds and severe storms, which Florida sees a lot of!
Some common causes of damage or under-performing palm trees
Over-watering: Yellowing or brown leaves that fall off before drying is usually the first indication of over-watering. Palms do like moisture but require well-drained sandy soil.
Not enough water: If the tips of the leaves are dry and start to turn brown, check the moisture level of the soil the next day after watering. If it is still dry to the touch, add more water.
Fertilizers: A high-quality fertilizer with a slow release formula that won’t be washed away after few spots of rain. It is also important to avoid fertilizer burn. Our experts know which fertilizers to apply and how to apply them without damage to your tree.
Soil: The soil in which a palm tree is planted must allow it to maintain a balanced moisture level and be strong enough to support the trunk without damaging the delicate roots. We will recommend the right type of soil and will use the correct soil when installing a new tree for you.
Pruning: Over-pruning is usually the most common problem. Leaves should not be pruned until they are 100% dry and ready to fall off naturally. Pruning before a hurricane is not recommended. Better to tie them together so they are protected better. We can help you with all pruning and hurricane preparations so your palm trees always look spectacular.
Palm trees love the sun!
Not enough, or too much sunlight: Depending on the palm tree you have or want to have installed, it may require more sun that it is currently receiving. We will look at your landscaping design, as well as assess the soil in your yard and recommend the best place for a palm tree.
Palm trees can get sunburned too! We can help prepare your tree by acclimatizing it before installing it into its permanent position.
Climate change and your palm tree..
Cold Damage: In the past few years, Florida has experienced some colder than normal temperatures. You can get your trees protected from the cold in advance. This will protect them from internal damage and the risk of fungus setting in.
Can my palm tree be saved?
Depending on the nature of the damage or the condition, in most cases yes. Some of the repairs are simply the day to day care, but some may need the experts at Best Boca Raton Landscaping to help. We can come to your home and assess the health of your trees and ensure the right solution is recommended.
A healthy, well-maintained tree has a better chance of recovery than an unhealthy tree. By proactively taking great care of your palm trees, you better the chances of them living a long, strong healthy life.
Just like cold weather damage, the internal health of the tree is affected when struck by an impact or by lightening. Our experts will come to you and assess the damage and recommend a course of action or treatment that will fit your budget.
Leave the worry and care of your palm trees to Best Boca Raton Landscaping. Let our years of experience and expertise give you peace of mind when it comes to your palm tree care.

Did a Storm Damage Your Palm Trees?: Care After the Storm

While many palm species are adapted to windstorms, a hurricane or major storm can damage even the most tolerant palm trees. Make sure to wait until after the storm to venture outside and assess damage. Once an assessment has been made, you can begin to care for your damaged palm trees.

Pam trees stand ripped of their fronds in the aftermath of Hurricane Irma in Marco Island, Fla., Monday, Sept. 11, 2017. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

It is important to understand how palm trees grow. The growing point of a palm is the palm bud or palm heart, which is located at the top of the trunk surrounded by leaf bases. All new leaves come from this bud. If the bud is severely damaged, new leaves fail to develop and palm will eventually die. Unless the palm trunk is broken or it is otherwise obvious that the bud has been damaged, there is no way to predict which palms will survive wind damage. Certain palm species are more tolerant of high winds than others. This includes the native sabal palm and royal palm, both survive high winds, but in very different ways. While sabal palms lose very few leaves, royal palms shed most of their leaves.

It takes 6 months or more before it is apparent that a palm will recover. Recovery consists of new leaves emerging from the bud. In some cases, the new leaves will not look normal. However, over time, each emerging leaf should appear a little more normal than the one before. It is recommended to monitor damage over the following two years. Sometimes problems occur before storms, but are not noticed until after a storm when close inspection of the palm trees is taking place. The challenge is determining which problems existed before and which are caused by the storm.

Broken Palms – if the trunk of a single-stemmed palm is broken, it should be cut at the base and removed. If possible, the stump should be removed or ground up.

Uprooted Palms – Palms should be stood upright as soon as possible and replanted at the same depth at which they were planted previously. Bracing is necessary and should be kept in place for at least 6 months.

Leaf Removal– If the broken leaves are still green, it is recommended to leave the attached. If only a few leaves are broken, then removing only these leaves may be acceptable.

Fertilization– For palms that are not uprooted, maintain the same fertilization program that was in place prior to the storm. Replanted palms need to exhibit new growth before fertilizer is applied to the root zone.

Fungicides– The only chemical pesticides that may have an effect on both fungi and bacteria are copper-based fungicides which should be applied as a drench to the bud (only if the bud is damaged), not the soil. All fungicides must be used in accordance with the label. Contact your local UF/IFAS Extension Agriculture Agent to learn about pesticides and their applications. It is best to reserve fungicide use for those palms that are highly valuable or severely damaged.

Yellow New Leaves Immediately After the Storm– Most commonly seen on royal palms, it has been observed on other palms as well. New sprouting leafs, known as the spear leaf, are unopened and stands upright. In a windstorm, these leaves can be forced open prematurely and the leaf turns the color of a mature palm leaf. If the bud is not damaged, the palm will produce a new canopy. It will take a year or more for the entire canopy to be replaced.

Soluble Salts in the Soil– If the landscape has been flooded with salt water, the evaporated salt can cause serious injury to many species of palm. If a significant rainfall doesn’t occur after the flood recedes, it may help to heavily leach the soil around palms with fresh water as soon as possible.

Palm trees are beautiful for a Florida landscape and tough enough to ride out the storm. However, sometimes they can be damaged if the storm is dangerous enough. For more information on damaged palm care, click here.

Jana Hart- Extension Agent- FCS/4-H

by J. Johnson

Posted: September 15, 2017

Category: Agriculture, Florida-Friendly Landscaping, Home Landscapes, Lawn

Tags: hurricane damage, hurricane recovery, palm damage, palm recovery, palm treatment, palm tree, palm tree care, palm tree recovery, royal palm, sabal palm

Are you thinking about buying a palm tree? If you are, there are some common mistakes that people make when they have a palm tree to consider. Below are ten mistakes that people commonly make when it comes to caring for a palm tree.

Overwatering Newly Planted Palms

You are going to notice that the leaves are turning yellow or brown and quickly falling off without the leaves becoming dry first. To avoid making this mistake, you want to make sure the soil has enough drainage. You can ensure this by adding 30% to 50% sand to the mixture of soil when your palm is planted. You should water your newly planted palm daily for your first week.

Too Little Water

If you’re not providing it with ample water, the leaves’ tips are going to begin turning brown. The majority of palm trees enjoy moist soil with good drainage. To figure out whether your tree’s getting ample water, check its soil’s moisture level the day after you water it. It ought to be moist down to the tree’s roots.

Damage to Roots

One of the most common mistakes is putting fertilizer in the soil when you plant your palm tree. This almost always will kill the tree. The roots of palm trees are extremely fragile. When you add fertilizer close to its root ball, you can cause damage to your roots. If your tree’s roots are damaged, it’s going to be more prone to disease and death. You shouldn’t fertilize your tree for 3 to 4 months after planting it.

Fertilizing too Close to the Trunk

You can burn your palm tree with fertilizer when you put the fertilizer very close to its trunk. Once the trunk of your palm tree’s damaged, it’s going to be harder for it to fight disease. When you are fertilizing your palm tree, make sure you’re putting it at least two feet from the trunk.

Not Using Fertilizer

One thing that you want to do is to make sure you’re using fertilizer. It will need nutrients to grow strong, to grow faster, and to fight diseases and pests. Fertilize a palm tree when it’s warm 4 to 5 times per year.

Not Using Good Soil

You want to make sure you’re using good soil when you’re planting your palm tree. This is going to let your tree’s roots to develop properly. The soil should be moist, so the tree’s getting ample water and has good drainage. One of the best choices is Canadian peat moss.

Planting It in the Wrong Climate

You don’t want to plant palm trees in too dry, too hot or too cold climates. You want to make sure that you are checking with the nursery to find out if you’re buying the right tree for your climate. There are different types of palms, so find the one that is best for your climate.

Causing Sunburn

Did you know that a tree can get sunburn? When you plant a palm tree that’s very young in full sun, without giving it any cover, it can cause sunburn. Its leaves are going to start yellowing, and they might even totally lose their color. If you’re not covering your palm, its leaves are going to begin drying out and turning brown. If it were from a shade-grown environment or greenhouse, full sun right away would be a shock to its system. It will need acclimatizing.

Pruning too Much

Many people have heard that they should cut off the brown parts of leaves because it’s going to save the tree from using up and wasting the nutrients on leaves that are dying. But this is a big mistake. The palm tree extracts nutrients from dead leaves, and when they’re cut off, the tree won’t like it. The palm will move the nutrients from fronds that are older to their new growths. You should only remove the fronds when they’re close to the tree’s trunk. You shouldn’t remove fronds growing at 45 degrees or more. If the tree looks similar to the tail of a rooster, it’s been over-pruned.

Pruning for a Storm

A lot of people go around during the hurricane season offering to prune people’s trees to save it in case of a hurricane. But this is a huge mistake. The leaves will help with protecting the fronds that are growing from the wind. The tree needs all the fronds it has when the hurricanes come.

These are the mistakes that a lot of people make when it comes to caring for their palm trees. If you have a palm tree, avoid making these mistakes, and your tree will have a better chance of lasting a lot longer and give you years of beauty and enjoyment.

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