- What is Morning Glory?
- Effects of Morning Glory
- Medical use
- Morning Glory Usage
- Links / References
- Growing Morning Glory Indoors
You can order Morning Glory seeds in our online smartshop
What is Morning Glory?
The seeds of several varieties of Morning glory (Ipomoea violacea) contain a naturally occurring tryptamine called Lysergic Acid Amide (LSA), which is closely related to LSD. Seeds are taken orally and can be eaten whole or the active alkaloids can be extracted.
Like LSD, LSA acts as a “psychedelic” or “hallucinogen” which can have strong mental effects.
The Zapotecs used Ipomoea violacea by grinding the seeds up and wrapping them in a meal cloth. They would then soak it in cold water and find out about the illness of a patient, a troublemaker among the people, or the location of a lost object. Morning glory seeds called tlitlitzin were used ritually by the Aztec for their psychoactive properties. Spanish chroniclers in the mid 16th century reported on the divinatory use of these seeds. Their use has continued in southern Mexico, although it wasn’t until about 1900 that tlitlitzin was identified botanically as Morning glory.
Morning glory is a member of the Convolvulaceae family which also includes the Baby Hawaiian woodrose. Common morning glory is a garden escape; it is native to Mexico or Central America. Now its grown around the world, favouring tropical warm temperate climates.
It is a vine with stems of 4-10 feet long, with flowers in pink, purple, blue or white (or combinations). Its flowering time is from July until October.
Active constituent: d-lysergic acid amide. The seeds contain about 0.1% ergot alkaloids, including ergometrine, chanoclavine and lysergol.
Effects of Morning Glory
LSD like experience that lasts about 6 hours, but with less hallucinogenic effects. Nausea is common even with untreated seeds. Less anxiety, less intensity than LSD in normal doses.
Because use is oral, onset is affected by the last food that was ingested. On a relatively empty stomach, the onset of effects is about an hour after ingestion, although it can be many hours before peak effects are reached.
Primary effects last 6-10 hours when seeds are taken orally. It also takes a couple of hours before being completely back to normal again.
A root tea was used by Native Americans as a diuretic, laxative, expectorant and for coughs. A powered tea of the leaves for headaches and indigestion. As far as we know, Morning glory nowadays is not commonly used as a medicine.
The most common active Morning glory variety is Heavenly blue, others are Pearly gates, Flying saucers, Wedding bells, Blue star, and Summer skies. Although Heavenly blue is the strongest variety it is widely available, while the other variants are harder to come by.
Comparing the seeds of the morning glory varieties Pearly Gates and Heavenly Blue with two varieties of Hawaiian Baby woodrose, the following yield of alkaloids (mg of alkaloid/g of seed material) has been found:
- Heavenly Blue: 0.813
- Pearly Gates: 0.423
- Ipomoea tuberosa:
- Argyreia nervosa: 3.050
Ololiuqhui (Rivea corymbosa or Turbina corymbosa) is another variety and not a synonym. Ololiuhqui is the least known hallucinogen in the outside world, yet it is perhaps the best known and most widely used among the indigenous people of Mexico. Very small doses are required and it is strongly recommended that only experienced persons use ololiuqhui.
Morning Glory Usage
How to dose morning glory seeds (according to Erowid):
|Light||50-100 seeds||1.5-3 grams|
|Medium||100-250 seeds||3-6 grams|
|Strong||250-400 seeds||6-10 grams|
|Heavy||400+ seeds||10+ grams|
The seeds can be ingested as follows:
– thoroughly chew and swallow
– grind and soak in purified water for 1/2 hour, strain and drink
– sprout by soaking in purified water for 3-4 days (change the water often), after which the white mushy part is removed from the shell and eaten. This is probably the best method for avoiding side effects, although there is enough reason to believe sprouting the seeds lessens their effectiveness.
The flowers of the Morning glory may be steeped in purified water for a week or two to produce a mildly alcoholic wine with a distinctively pleasant flavour and a very mild psychedelic effect, on account of hemp. Once again herbs and/or honey can be added to enhance the taste.
You must use cold purified water for these processes. Tap water contains chemicals that break down the desired alkaloids. Hot water also does this.
Should not be taken by people with a history of liver disorders or hepatitis. Should not be taken by pregnant women. Individuals can respond differently to the same dosage. What is safe for one can be deadly for another. So please be careful, never overdose. Best is to have someone with experience with you who can act as a sitter and watch over you.
– Do not operate heavy machinery. Do Not Drive.
– Do not ingest morning glory seeds if you are currently taking an MAOI. MAOIs are most commonly found in the prescription anti-depressants Nardil (phenelzine), Parnate (tranylcypromine), Marplan (isocarboxazid), Eldepryl (l-deprenyl), and Aurorex or Manerix (moclobemide). Ayahuasca also contains MAOIs (harmine and harmaline). Morning glory seeds (LSA) and MAOIs are a potentially dangerous combination. Check with your doctor if you are not sure whether your prescription medication is an MAOI.
– Do not use morning glory seeds when pregnant. LSA is closely related to LSD which is a uterine contractor that can increase the risk of miscarriage during pregnancy.
– Individuals currently in the midst of emotional or psychological upheaval in their everyday lives should be careful about choosing to use psychedelics such as morning glory seeds as they can trigger even more turmoil.
– Individuals with a family history of schizophrenia or early onset mental illness should be extremely careful as psychedelics have been known to trigger latent psychological and mental problems.
Although this species is a perennial it is usually cultivated as an annual. Morning glories thrive in a strong, well-drained soil in a sunny site with plenty of water, but they will do well almost anywhere. The seeds have a hard seed coat and should be nicked or soaked for two hours in warm water before sowing. If the seeds are nicked and soaked, the vines will generally flower 6 weeks after sowing.
The seeds should be planted 0.25 to 0.5 inch deep and not less than 6 inches apart. This species tends to run on vine unless the roots are cramped. This may be done by standing the vines in pots and allowing them to become slightly potbound before setting them out. Although morning glories like a lot of water, if the roots are kept damp constantly, the vines will produce few flowers and they will set very little seed. Various methods have been devised to increase the alkaloid content of the seeds by altering the soil chemistry and using hormones. An interesting account of these methods is found in the book Home Grown Highs by Mary Jane Superweed.
Harvesting: The seeds may be gathered as the pods become brown and dry. Immature seeds are more bitter than ripe ones. It has been reported that immature seeds contain more alkaloids, but this has not been confirmed. The stem and leaves contain some alkaloid. However, because they contain purgative principles, this part of the plant is used only in extraction. If used, pick fresh and dry quickly without heat.
Links / References
This article is based on the following pages:
Erowid on Morning glory’s cultivation
Erowids Morning Glory Vault
When I was about 15 or 16 I bought a small book at a new age shop about various plants that could get you fucked up.
Besides the fact that I hadn’t been experimenting with mind altering substances for very long, I lived in a tiny town where the more interesting drug varieties were quite hard to come by. So as I scanned through the pages of my new book I was amazed at how many common plants had purported psychotropic properties.
I wanted to try them!
I studied the book for a couple weeks, weighing the stated effects of each plant against the claimed side effects as well as how easily and cheaply I figured I could get them. Eventually I settled on morning glory seeds, specifically heavenly blue morning glory seeds as these were supposedly the most potent.
According to my little book, morning glory seeds contained LSA, a naturally occurring relative of the infamous LSD. At this point in my life, I had never done acid, so this alone was a pretty exciting prospect. It also sounded like the only real side effect of the seeds was some mild to moderate nausea, which I was willing to stomach for the ride. I also knew that morning glory seeds were readily available and cheap.
The first thing I had to do was get the seeds of course, and this was quite easy. A stop at a local flower shop in my town and I had the five or six packs of seeds I would need for a good trip. Next, I needed to time it right. I lived with my mother at the time, so I waited until one night when she would be gone for pretty much the whole day and night.
Next, I mixed my potion…
Basically, I ground up the seeds as much as I could, and then soaked them in water for a few hours.
And sometime in the early afternoon, I drank the whole thing.
The Journey Begins
For the first hour or so, absolutely nothing happened.
I don’t remember how long it was really, but I remember thinking it felt like forever; at one point even wondering if my seed concoction was a dud.
My asshole of a book had severely undersold this.
Claiming that the seeds caused mild to moderate nausea.
NO! This was severe, gut wrenching, vomit-soaked face in the toilet bowl nausea that went on for a good 30 minutes.
I didn’t stop puking until I had nothing left inside me, and when that was gone, I dry heaved. The nausea was so bad I actually called one of my friends to admit the mistake that I had made.
“I might die!” I told him.
I can’t actually remember how that conversation ended or why my friend didn’t call for help. Bad friend I guess.
But soon, the nausea began to subside, and my pupils grew enormous.
A warm feeling crept over me, and everything got a whole lot brighter.
Textures became incredibly detailed and somewhat liquified in a similar, but somewhat more mild, way to acid. Color was incredibly vibrant.
I remember playing guitar and not a single note sounded wrong or imperfect in any way. I believe at this point I even called my friend back to tell him how good my music was. Was there ever even a friend?
I walked through the liquidy halls of my empty house and looked at common objects taking unusual forms.
I remember the shadows above the dining room table transforming into cherubs playing long trumpets and laughing hysterically. There was never a bad moment once the seeds kicked in.
Eventually, as the trip wound down, and knowing that my mother would be returning home soon, I crawled into my psychologically enormous bed, and closed my eyes. When my mother did come home, not wanting her to see my still unnaturally dilated pupils, I told her I didn’t feel well so I could stay in bed in the dark. She came and gave me a hug, and I remember, with my eyes closed, I felt incredibly small, and my mother felt huge. And that was that. My first trip on morning glory seeds.
Is There a Moral to the Story?
No, not really.
I didn’t learn anything profound about the nature of human existence or become one with the tree spirits. I just had some fun.
And it wasn’t the last time I did seed potion either.
On one occasion, a friend and I did morning glory seeds together on a sunny summer day. I puked in the sink while he puked in the toilet.
We went downtown and I remember seeing a dragon cloud and the red power ranger’s face floating in a public toilet.
Eventually, I told too many people about the experience and the flood of high school kids buying morning glory seeds (which in hindsight is pretty fucking weird) caused shops in my town to start asking for ID to purchase the seeds.
They also started limiting purchases to a certain amount of seed packets at one time. So, ya.
I caused that.
And let me be blunt.
By writing this, I am not telling you to do morning glory seeds or any other mind altering substance for that matter. I am just sharing an experience I had many years ago.
But if you want to trip on morning glory seeds… go right ahead.
I don’t really care what you do.
And if I told you not to, I know you’d just do it anyway.
My only advice is, make sure you do your research first.
Know exactly what you’re getting into.
And prepare yourself for some violent puking.
Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons
Q–I recently moved from a house with a garden to an apartment with sunny and bright windows. Is it feasible to grow morning-glories in pots?
A–Yes, you can grow potted morning-glories in a sunny window, with first blooms possible in only two months from sowing the seeds. Rule 1 for success with these plants is never disturb the roots. Here is how to proceed:
— Sow five seeds half an inch deep in a six-inch pot filled with a mixture of about equal parts garden loam (or packaged all-purpose potting soil), well-moistened peat moss and clean, sharp sand.
— When seedlings are up and the first true leaves begin to unfold, thin out, leaving only the two or three strongest.
— Keep the growing medium nicely moist to the touch at all times. If the roots become so thirsty for water that the leaves wilt, future growth will be thwarted and spider-mites will likely move in for the kill.
— By the time morning-glories are a few weeks old, some kind of trellis is needed, around which the stems can twine. Some possibilities are string, bamboo stakes or twiggy growth pruned from outdoor trees or shrubs.
— Position potted morning-glories in the sunniest window. Fertilize regularly, using a blossom-booster formula such as 15-30-15. Fresh air circulation is important to encourage stocky growth and to discourage spider- mites.
— If morning-glory leaves take on yellow or grayish flecking, spider-mites are likely the cause. Mist the leaf undersides with rubbing alcohol every three days; apply this treatment only at night or in the cool of the day, not when sun is shining on the plants. Promptly pick off any brown or discolored foliage.
Morning-glories start to bloom early in the season but have a tendency to get better and better in late summer and autumn. For this reason, seeds sown late tend to bloom more and quicker than those started in the spring. In mild- climate, frost-free areas, they make splendid outdoor flowering plants for fall and winter.
Q–I have a large rhododendron and need to know if cutting back is necessary.
A–In general the rhododendron needs little pruning, only to remove dead wood, which can be done any time. If an old rhododendron has grown too large for the space, perhaps casting too much shade in front of a window, the time to cut back is immediately after bloom. If you cut off branches in late summer you will be removing next year`s flowers; late pruning also encourages new growth that won`t be hardy enough to survive the following winter.
Q–What is the best way to root geranium cuttings?
A–Break off strong tip growth 5 to 6 inches long. Strip away the lower leaves and the papery brown or green stipules that grow at the base of each leaf. Insert each cutting about 2 inches deep in moistened rooting medium, such as equal parts sand and peat moss. Set outdoors in bright light but not much direct sun, or indoors in a bright window. Roots will start in a week or two, and after a month the new plants can be transplanted to individual pots. Q–The only place I have to grow plants outdoors is on the steps leading to my front door. The sun is so hot I can`t seem to water enough to make things really thrive. What do you suggest?
A–Group several plants in one large container. For example, in a 12-inch pot you could have some sweet-alyssum, one or two violas or Johnny-jump-ups, and two or three favorite herbs, such as sage, chives and dwarf bush basil.
One of the persistent problems with container plants outdoors is that the soil heats up too much, no matter how often it is watered. By growing in large pots it is possible to keep the roots cooler. Also, since pots outdoors require watering once and often twice daily, nutrients are quickly flushed away. The solution is to fertilize a little with every watering. If instructions on the fertilizer container call for one teaspoon fertilizer to two quarts water, to be applied every two weeks, reduce to one-fourth teaspoon fertilizer every time you water.
When you mix and match several different plants in one large container, think of this as a little garden. While one kind is growing, another will be blooming, while yet another is on the decline, at which time it can be cut back or removed and replaced with something else.
Q–Two years ago I received two African violets in bloom. They have never produced flowers since, even though they have been fertilized every month. They have beautiful leaves. Someone told me they are probably of the same gender. Could this be the problem?
A–No. Each African violet flower contains both male and female parts. Many years ago, when African violets first became popular, those with leaves having a pale green or white area at the base of the leaf, often with pronounced scallops at the edges, were called ”girl” type, and those having plain leaves were called ”boy.” This led to endless confusion, and now the terms are not much used.
For bloomless plants I recommend repotting. Remove the pots. Crumble away most of the old soil and repot, using a mixture of about equal parts packaged all-purpose potting soil or African violet mix, sand and peat moss.
African violets grow best in temperatures from 60 to 70 degrees at night, up to 80 by day. They bloom little in temperatures below 60 or above 85.
Lack of light also can result in African violets with beautiful leaves but no flowers. Morning sun is ideal, although success is possible in or near almost any window exposure.
Another cause for nonbloom in African violets is letting the soil become too dry between waterings. When this happens, buds in the making wither and in their place little rosettes of new leaves grow; these are called ”suckers”
and are best removed as soon as they can be discerned, using a paring knife or the tip of a fingernail file.
Elvin McDonald cannot answer all questions individually, but he will respond to questions of general interest in this column. Write to him c/o The Tribune, Room 400, 435 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Ill. 60611.
Growing Morning Glory Indoors
February 14th, 2018
All of my adult life because of a combination of kids, cats, and poorly placed windows, I’ve been severely limited in my ability to grow plants indoors. First I had an apartment, with little room, and I didn’t know as much then as I do now. I had a patio garden and some hanging pots of pothos near my patio sliding door, but not much else.
Then I had a house, and I gardened the hell out of that house. Most of the pictures on my blog are from that house, but it was outdoor gardening. It did not have a single south facing window, not a single one. No deep window sills for plants. We did an addition off the back and I had a deep window sill added there, but it was just one, and not big enough for a large potted plant, 8 inch pots tops. I lived there for 13 years.
Then we moved to Tennessee and lived in a rental a couple years while we built. I had a few more windows and more natural light but with a baby and the cats and the transient nature of the place I didn’t do much.
But now, now I have my forever home, that I designed… and while in some sections of the house I intentionally do not have many windows, in others I do, huge windows, deep window sills, a greenhouse, and…. in the middle of the house…. over the stairs…. a skylight. And not just any skylight, a 22×11 skylight. This thing is a beast of natural light, it filters down to the first floor. 30 feet-ish below the skylight apex I have my amorphophallus titanum in a small pot, the cats and kids don’t bother it though I worry. More like 35-40 ish feet below the skylight and off to the side I have a ginger lily doing fine with just that filtered light. The potential for me to grow around this stairwell under the skylight is very high, and stratified. Shade plants do well on the bottom levels, but sun lovers can do well at the top, because the third floor right under the skylight is super bright and gets a good quantity of direct sunlight. There is a spot or two where a large potted tropical tree would go nicely, but I need the pot, and the tree, and to be fully moved in and not unpacking and whatnot. It will take me awhile to fully take advantage of all the great locations for me to grow in this house… and I haven’t even mentioned the greenhouse.
I love the idea of beautiful fragrant flowers growing indoors, having little experience with indoor plants thus far I know I have learning to do. I want to explore trying to grow Gardenias as I hear they are very fragrant, but finicky indoors, so I say trying. Right now though I am working on morning glories.
So a stairwell has a lot of vertical height right? What better place for a trailing vine plant? I’ve always loved the classic morning glory appearance so I am growing those, and it works. Some years ago my parents got me a nice copper planter, a 4′ window box, and I never had anywhere to put it. I tried at one point to mount it on my old house but turns out my house sheathing at that place wasn’t strong enough to support the box. Then I realized, you know? I could put it indoors on my railing around the stairwell, and what a great place to grow morning glories.
So, I did this. And I’ve proved it’ll work I have some morning glories potted and blooming, even though I’ve been barely watering them (apparently they tolerate drought well, who knew). I’ve been barely watering them because apparently the window box leaks so a couple days ago I had to de-pot everything, clean the box out, and apply FlexSeal to hopefully make it water tight (it was dripping down on to my stairs every time I watered). A window box with a tray would be better, but that is not what I have.
I am excited that it worked though. I can just envision in a couple months having a very healthy drape of morning glory showing off in my central stairwell. Now I just need to think what else I want to plant, ideally something fragrant.
Posted in: Gardening, Greenhouse Gardening ”
- Shirley Says:
March 25th, 2018 at 9:29 am
Maybe nasturtiums would be a good flower growing indoors say at a kitchen window? I’ve seen them (climbing variety)growing in kitchens. Plus its edible.
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In most parts of the country, the process of sowing seed directly into the garden is in full swing. Either the first seeds of the season are going into the ground or, for those in milder climates, the second planting is commencing. In some northern regions, gardeners are still waiting for the end of over-night frosts and/or the soil to dry sufficiently. No matter. Everybody’s thinking of getting in their garden. And everybody wants to get a jump on things.
While we frequently urge patience on those who might plant too soon, there is a way to get quicker germination once your seeds are in the ground, a technique known to almost every gardener and practiced universally: Soak your seeds before planting. Soaking garden seeds, both vegetable and flower seeds, will swell and soften them and get their little embryonic selves thinking about coming out into the light of day. Here’s some things to consider when soaking seeds.
All heirloom seeds offered by Planet Natural are non-treated and non-GMO.
All heirloom garden seeds — not the sort you’ll find in box stores — offered by Planet Natural are non-treated, non-GMO and NOT purchased from Monsanto-owned Seminis. Planting instructions are included with each packet and shipping is FREE! Need advice? Visit our vegetable guides for tips and information on growing specific types.
— First, which seeds are most appropriate for soaking? Big seeds. Wrinkled seeds. Seeds (as best you can tell) with hard coats. In the vegetable garden, this means peas, beans, corn, pumpkins and squash; even chard and beets. Smaller seeds — lettuce, radishes, carrots, and the like — are hard to handle once their soaked and don’t really need it anyway. Flower seed to soak? Sunflower, lupine, sweet pea, nasturtium take well to soaking.
— How to soak? This is the easy part. Put the seeds in a shallow bowl and cover with water as you would a bean seed before cooking. We’ve also put seed in zip-lock bags with just enough water to keep damp and then sealed the bag. Many garden how-to texts suggest using hot water. We suggest a bit of caution if you do. You don’t want the water so close to the boiling point — or to be held at a high temperature for so long time — that it “cooks” the seed. Warm water; fine. It will reduce the soaking time, which means you should pay extra attention.
Some gardeners recommend adding something acidic, like a tablespoon or three of coffee or a few drops of kitchen vinegar. The idea is to recreate conditions in an animal’s stomach, the place where many seeds first get the warm, dark, damp idea to germinate. Anybody who’s seen a berry-laden pile of bear scat understands. We haven’t tried this method — no bear would cooperate — so can’t vouch for the claim that it hurries the soaking process or increases germination rate.
— How long to soak? Just long enough for the seeds to swell but not so long that they might begin to sour and rot. Overnight is usually good. Many sources recommend 8-12 hours and no more than 24 hours. Again, too much soaking and the seeds will start to decompose. If you use very hot water, the soaking time will decrease. We’ve always liked to use warm water and start the soaking at bedtime, then plant first thing in the morning. We’ve been told the soaking water should be changed and we’ve been told it shouldn’t. In our experience, it doesn’t seem to matter.
— Particularly hard seeds like beans will benefit from scarification before they’re soaked. Scarification means nicking the seed coat (be careful not to puncture it completely) but scratching with a dull knife or buffing the seed with a nail file.
— Other considerations that I’ve learned the hard way. Don’t soak your seeds the night before a rain is expected. Wait ’til the forecast promises good planting conditions, so you’ll be able to get in the garden and not compact the soil too much. You don’t want to hold onto your seeds once they’ve soaked. You want to get them in the ground. And just because your seeds have been soaked doesn’t mean you get out of watering them as soon as they’re planted. Your good, organic soil will hold just the right amount of moisture around your seeds and allow the extra to drain deeply into the soil. So water just as you would without seeds being soaked first.
— Really in a hurry? We’ve placed beans, squash and even corn seed between damp paper towels and kept the towels moist for the days it takes to germinate. Then we placed them carefully in the planting trough and covered them gently so as not to break the fledgling stem or root. Don’t worry if its on its side. Gravity will help it find the way down. Find further discussion of soaking seeds — I’ve got to try that kelp trick — here.
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