Blooming in the summertime, jasmine flowers are known for their sweet, exotic fragrance on warm evenings. This unique scent is often used in perfumes, and the flowers are widely popular, too — varieties of jasmine are the national flowers of the Philippines, Indonesia, and Pakistan.
Not all jasmines are aromatic, though many popular varieties are. Some prefer warmer climates and bloom in the heat of the summer, and others are everblooming and make great houseplants with year-round blooms. While many jasmines are cared for like a sprawling shrub, there are vining varieties and ground covers as well, which makes it even more complex. There’s even some which aren’t true jasmines, but are commonly confused with jasminum. So is your plant Star Jasmine, or just a starry jasmine – and is that even really a jasmine?
Are you considering trying to grow jasmine shrubs? Confused about what’s actually jasmine and what isn’t? Then read on, and we’ll explore the species in detail!
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- Jasmine Overview
- Types of Jasmine
- Planting Jasmine
- Caring For Jasmine
- Pests and Diseases
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Star Jasmine
- Star Jasmine, Confederate Jasmine
- Star Jasmine Care Must-Knows
- More Varieties of Jasmine
- Winterizing Jasmine Plants: Caring For Jasmine During Winter
- How to Keep Jasmine Over Winter
- How to Plant and Care for Jasmine
- Growing Jasmine Indoors
- Pinching and Pruning
- Winter Care
- Common Problems That Jasmine Plants Experience
- Where to Buy Jasmine
- Planting winter jasmine
- Repotting container-bound winter jasmine
- Pruning winter jasmine
- Watering winter jasmine
- The best place to put container-bound winter jasmine
- Learn more about Winter jasmine
- Smart tip about jasmine
|Height||Variable by cultivar, from 1’-6’ if vining, 1’-4’ if shrub|
|Light||Full sun to light shade|
|Temperature||Warm (zones 9-11 ideal, some varieties cold hardy to zone 7)|
|Humidity||Jasmine loves humid environments.|
|Soil||Well-drained, moderately fertile|
|Propagation||Cuttings, grafts, occasionally seed if it’s viable|
|Pests||Some fungal diseases, root knot nematodes, whiteflies|
Types of Jasmine
There’s around 200 varieties of jasmine out there to choose from, but here we’ll look at a few of the most popular ones. There are both scented and unscented varieties to choose from, and they come most commonly as shrubs or vining varieties.
Jasminum officinale ‘Common jasmine’, ‘Summer jasmine’, ‘Poet’s jasmine’
Also called white jasmine or true jasmine, this white-flowered deciduous climber is the state flower of Pakistan. Its five-petaled flowers are often referred to as starry in shape due to their natural petal arrangement, and its slightly-fuzzy leaves tend to be sharply pointed. It flowers in the summertime, although it can be encouraged to flower at other times of year indoors, in climate-controlled greenhouses, or in very warm climates. White jasmine flowers are also harvested for production of essential oil, as they are an aromatic variety. It is a semi-evergreen variety.
Jasminum grandiflorum ‘Spanish jasmine’, ‘Royal jasmine’
Jasminum officinale forma grandiflorum, or Jasminum grandiflorum, is a subset of the officinale variety. It is raised for its aromatics, and from the grandiflorum species, jasmine absolute is produced for the perfuming and food industries. Tending towards a jasmine bush or shrub, it can also be gently trained to climb.
Jasminum nudiflorum ‘Winter jasmine’
Winter jasmine tends to flower earlier in the year than other varieties, tending towards late winter or early spring. It produces brilliant yellow flowers on vines, and is best trained to trellis growth or used as a slightly-mounding ground cover.
Jasminum sambac ‘Arabian jasmine’
This jasmine shrub flourishes in warm environments, and has been classified as an exotic invasive in Florida. It tends to sprawl, and while it typically grows in the 4-6 foot range both tall and wide, it can reach sizes of close to 10 feet. If maintained as a shrub it will bush out, but it can be trained to supports to create an evergreen vining growth pattern as well. This true evergreen variety has glossy leaves. Its attractive white, multilayered flowers are used to make leis in Hawaii, and it is the national flower of the Philippines and Indonesia. Jasminum sambac is also popularly used to offer its strong fragrance to jasmine teas.
Jasminum parkeri ‘Dwarf jasmine’
Dwarf jasmine is popular for container or topiary use, and it’s easy to see why – its natural form is an evergreen shrub, about a foot tall and with small stems that can easily be shaped to form around a topiary frame, and it can sprawl a few feet across. It is an evergreen, and produces clumps of five-petaled yellow flowers. While lightly scented, it does not produce as strong of an aroma as Jasminum officinale or sambac.
Jasminum fruticans ‘Wild jasmine’
This jasmine loves a Mediterranean climate, and produces prolific amounts of yellow flowers on vibrant green foliage from spring through the fall. It can grow to be about 4 feet tall and wide, but if trained as a vine requires support for weak stems. Wild jasmine is an odorless cultivar. This variety is an old one – it was first documented by the Padova Botanic Garden in Venice, Italy in 1545!
Jasminum dichotomum ‘Gold Coast jasmine’
This woody jasmine vine is unusual in that it originated in Africa, unlike most of the other varieties that originated in Asiatic regions. It produces pink-colored buds which then bloom into six-petaled white flowers year-round in warm climates, and has shiny dark green leaves. However, it’s also an invasive plant in many regions, as it spreads quite rapidly.
Jasminum polyanthum ‘Pink jasmine’
This varietal is quite popular as a house plant, as it can easily create long, trailing vines. As a twining climber, it can reach heights of six feet if supported by a trellis. The name pink jasmine refers to the pink buds which appear in large quantities in spring, and they bloom into five-petaled star-like white flowers. It can bloom year-round in warmer climates or indoors.
There are multiple other plants that are commonly called jasmine, but aren’t even related. Here’s some to be aware of, as they don’t have the same growth habits!
Cestrum nocturnum ‘Night-blooming jasmine’, ‘Lady of the night’
While not actually a jasmine, night-blooming jasmine might have gotten its name in part out of confusion – it’s also called night-blooming jessamine. It is actually a member of the potato family, but not an edible one. In fact, it may very well be poisonous. While its flowers produce a sweet, strong aroma, people who have respiratory issues or asthma often have breathing problems around this plant. The list of issues caused by actually eating it is extensive, and it’s often considered to be an invasive plant as well. But it produces tubular white flowers that have a star-shaped, five-pointed blossom at the end, and it can occasionally be mistaken for vining forms of jasmine. Still, for all of its potential dangers, it really is quite beautiful!
Trachelospermum jasminoides ‘Star jasmine’
Quite often found in southern California or other warm areas of the United States, this namesake of a true star jasmine is actually a different form of shrubby vine, although it does resemble jasmine in a lot of different ways. Its growth patterns are similar, its creamy-white flowers are similar to the white star-shaped true jasmine flowers, and it produces a sweet fragrance. While it can survive quite well in the southern US, it is an annual in most other regions and often must be brought indoors to keep it alive during colder months. As it shares the common name ‘star jasmine’ with some true jasmines, be sure to check the botanical name to make certain that you are getting the plant you are looking for.
Gardenia jasminoides ‘Cape jasmine’
While this gardenia species does have white flowers and shiny dark green foliage, that’s really where its similarity to a true jasmine ends. Its flowers are more gardenia-like in shape than jasmine, and its leaves tend to be larger and thicker. While it also has a scent, it is more similar to gardenia than to jasmine, and even though it is beautiful and a popular plant in warmer climates, it has different growth patterns and care required.
While planting jasmine itself is quite simple, where to plant it is a bit more complex. Overall, most jasmine species like warmer climates, and can grow year-round in zones 9-11. Some species, like jasminum officinale, are winter-hardy to zone 7 with protection. They can be planted indoors as well as a houseplant.
When to Plant Jasmine
Like most plants, jasmine needs a little time to stretch out its roots before hitting the heat of summer. Plant after the last threat of frost is gone, or start indoors to get a bit of a head start.
Where to Plant Jasmine
Ideally, jasmine prefers a warm, sheltered place for the base plant, but the vining varieties can grow quite tall. It can make a beautiful arbor or trellis plant if you have a vining variety, so if you wish to use it that way be prepared for quick growth and regular training of the plant to climb properly. If growing indoors, select a warmer portion of your home with regular sunlight. They also prefer more humid environments to promote blooming, so take that into mind when choosing your location.
When planting, be sure to plant it at the same soil level it was in the nursery pot, as some nurseries may be grafting a specific jasmine variety onto a common jasmine rootstock.
Caring For Jasmine
Overall, jasmine can be relatively simple to care for, but there are some things which you should be mindful of.
Most jasmine varieties prefer full sun to light shade. They do not like full shade locations as those tend to be cooler in temperature.
Almost universally, jasmine prefers well-drained soil. However, different cultivars may like it a bit sandier than others. Clay soils are not recommended without serious amendment to lighten the soil content. Also, jasmine is a somewhat heavy feeder, so be prepared to fertilize regularly. If you want the plant to grow rapidly, offer it a higher nitrogen fertilizer, as that tends to cause an explosion of growth which can be good when trying to establish a vine-covered arbor or a larger shrub. If you want flowers, jasmine likes lots of phosphorous to encourage blossom development. You can use a standard balanced fertilizer if you don’t have one ideally suited to jasminum species.
In winter for zones 9-11, mulch to help keep the roots and base of the plant warm unless it is a grafted plant. If it’s grafted, you can still mulch for root warmth, but leave an indentation in the mulch right around the graft joint so that it is not covered.
Jasmine prefers regular watering, and most cultivars require humidity to properly bloom. This is why it’s quite popular in areas like the southeastern US, and why some varieties have become aggressive to the point of being invasive in areas like Florida. If growing indoors, you may wish to ensure your soil is slightly more moist than if it were outdoors, as the evaporation of the water will help aid in blooming – but make sure it’s not soggy!
Depending on the varietal of jasmine that you have, pruning may need to be aggressive during warm weather, when the plants have an explosion of growth. For instance, if you are growing a vining variety, you will need to regularly train it to trellis and may need to secure the weaker vines to assist it in holding on. Excess vines should be pinched off regularly, and trimming a vine to length may promote division of the vine.
With a shrub, the goal in pruning is to maintain it as the size/shape of shrub that you wish it to be. Some varieties grow much slower than others, so this may not be a difficult task – but others are surprisingly vigorous and may require regular trimming, especially if used for topiaries or other shaped decorative forms. Be mindful to leave enough vine that it provides protection for the base of the plant whenever possible.
Some grow jasminum officinale as a hedge plant. If doing so, focus initially on trying to promote bushy outward growth. When it has reached the size you desire, regularly pinch or trim excess growth to maintain it at that size.
While some varieties of jasmine do set seed, most seed is unreliable and is not guaranteed to germinate. It is easiest to propagate jasmine by taking cuttings about 4-6” in length, applying a coating of root hormone to the cut end, and then placing into a container of potting soil. Some nurseries also offer grafted plants where another jasminum subspecies is grafted onto an officinale root base.
Pests and Diseases
Jasmine has relatively few pests or diseases. Here are the most common and how to handle them.
Generally speaking, the most common pests for jasmine species are root knot nematodes, mealybugs, and whiteflies. Of these, the nematodes are the most problematic as they’re the hardest to eradicate, but application of beneficial nematodes to your plant’s soil should aid in this process. An application of neem oil will handle most other insect issues.
The most common diseases for jasmine are blight, rust, and Fusarium wilt. Prevention of these is far easier than trying to recover a plant that is afflicted, as these are all typically fungal in origin and the soil may be infected. Avoid watering from the top of the plant, and allow for plenty of circulation so that the plant’s leaves and stems remain relatively dry. If you do have a plant affected by any of these, treatment with a fungicide is recommended. If you wish to do so in an organic fashion, you can use a baking soda and water spray.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Why isn’t my jasmine blooming?
A: There are many factors that could slow the flowering process. One of the most common is one that you might not expect: overfertilization. While it can be a heavy feeder, especially the vining types, too much nitrogen in your soil can actually promote more plant growth but less flowering. Giving it some extra phosphorous can help remedy the issue. It can actually be too hot, as well… while jasmine likes warm conditions, high temps in the upper 90’s and above can cause heat stress and slow flowering. Also, some varieties like winter jasmine require a fall “rest period” when it doesn’t flower and needs slightly cooler temperatures. These rests help the plant to prepare for the next floral explosion.
Q: Is there a best fertilizer type for jasmine?
A: It really depends on whether you’re trying to encourage a new plant to grow, or whether you’re trying to coax flowers out of an already-established plant. If it’s to spur growth, a balanced to slightly-higher nitrogen fertilizer will give the plant everything it needs to promote lush green growth. However, for the flowers, you want to opt for a higher phosphorous level. For root growth, you need potassium. So if you have a cutting that you are trying to coerce to take root or a young seedling plant, go for a soil that has higher N and K levels. For already-established plants, try something like a 7-9-5, as that way it is encouraged to flower and to maintain its growth pattern.
A: Actually, no! Jasmine rice is completely unrelated. It’s a long-grain white rice that naturally has a jasmine-like subtle fragrance, although with age the dried rice grains will lose their scent. For the best aroma, you’ll want to get jasmine rice as quickly after harvest and drying as possible. It’ll still taste good if it loses that natural scent, though. But although rice isn’t, something that is often scented with jasmine flowers is tea. Green, white, or oolong teas are often jasmine-scented in China, and the process involves placing the flowers with the dried tea in a specially-designed temperature and humidity controlled machine for a few hours.
This sweet, fragrant flower has caught the hearts of people around the globe. Has it caught yours? If so, I hope you’ll experiment with growing your own jasminum in the future!
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Jasminum officinale ‘Inverleith’ Photo: Paul Bonine
This surprisingly hardy vine thrives in gardens west of the Cascades offering intoxicating fragrance and a resilient demeanor.
Well-loved throughout the world for its heady fragrance and graceful manner, Jasminum is a broad genus of more than 30 species of shrubs and vines in the olive family. This large family of plants is native to the warmer regions of old world Europe, as well as Africa, Australasia, andSoutheast Asia where it has been cultivated for thousands of years.
Commonly known as Jasmine, this plant has entwined itself into many cultures. Tropical species, like J. sambac, produce floral oils for perfume and flavoring tea. Though commonly referred to as Arabian jasmine, its true origin is likely theMalay Peninsula, spreading from there throughout the subtropics and the tropics. InIndia, married women wear jasmine flowers in their hair to denote their marital status; widows are forbidden the practice. Jasmine is the national flower of thePhilippines as well asIndonesia. It is known as pikake inHawaii, where it is a familiar component of fragrant leis.
Possibly the most endearing aspect of jasmine is its use as a common name for other fragrant but unrelated vines. Star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) is commonly grown in the Pacific Northwest, as is Chilean jasmine (Mandevilla laxa) from Chile. Not just vines have adopted this moniker; gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) is sometime called Cape jasmine.
Not all jasmines are tropical. A large selection, primarily from the Mediterranean, the Middle East, andChinaare adaptable to growing conditions west of the Cascades. It is unclear when the first jasmine species arrived in thePacific Northwest. Perhaps it was a cutting carried in the pocket of a homesick European immigrant or brought by people moving north from warmer regions to the south. Jasmine has never been common in northwest gardens, possibly due to the unfortunate notion that Jasmines are not cold hardy.
Poet’s jasmine fills the summer garden with lush foliage and an abundance of fragrant blossoms. Photo: Paul Bonine
Queen of Garden Vines
Poet’s jasmine (J. officinale) has long captured gardeners’ hearts with its vigorous habit and heavenly fragrance. Known since Shakespeare’s time, the vine has been treasured for centuries and still holds a special place in English gardens today. Bountiful fragrant flowers are produced on strong twining growth beginning with a large flush in late spring and continuing all summer until frost. This advantage of blooming on new growth means plants pruned heavily in spring will bounce back and flower profusely in just a few weeks.
Jasminum officinale ‘Argenteovariegatum’. Photo: Paul Bonine
A deciduous perennial, vines quickly grow 15 to 20 feet. Plants are not fussy about rich soil but require good drainage. They are disease resistant, not bothered by pests, including deer and hardy to Zone 7. (At Xera Plants, we grow six varieties of J. officinale. All are excellent cultivars that originated in the United Kingdom and are a distinct improvement on common poet’s jasmine.)
- J. o. ‘Affine’ Maroon new growth ripens to forest green. Clusters of pink tinted buds open to exceptionally large, and deliciously fragrant white flowers throughout summer.
- J. o. ‘Argenteovariegatum’ An exquisite variegated vine with leaves heavily edged in cream with a sage-green interior emerge tinted pink in spring. Masses of sugar-white flowers from pink buds are produced in early summer followed by sporadic bloom throughout the rest of the growing season.
- J. o. ‘Aureovariegatum’ A vigorous selection with leaves and stems irregularly splashed with gold against a deep green background; new growth emerges coral to an exciting effect.
- J. o. ‘Fiona’s Sunrise’ All parts of this dramatic vine emerge chartreuse green and ripen to gold. Foliage color is fully sun-proof with the added bonus of retaining its golden hue in dense shade. ‘Fiona’sSunrise’ bears masses of pure white fragrant flowers in summer.
- J. o. ‘Grandiflorum’ An especially strong cultivar with deep green, handsome foliage. Huge clusters of white flowers are powerfully fragrant—especially at night and when conditions are warm and humid. J. o. ‘Grandiflorum” should not be confused with J. grandiflorum, a tender species cultivated in frost-free areas of the Mediterranean, which is seldom seen in thePacific Northwest.
- J. o. ‘Inverleith’ New foliage on this tidy vine emerges dark red before settling to a deep glossy green; deep red flower buds open to a white center with a red reverse for a wonderful bicolor effect. Bright claret red fall color before leaf drop is an added bonus.
Golden tendrils of Jasminum officinale ‘Fiona Sunrise’ contrast dramatically with the plum foliage of Cotinus ‘Grace’. Photo: Paul Bonine
- Combine J. o. ‘Affine’ and Clematis montana ‘Rubens’ on a sturdy trellis or fence and let these two vigorous vines duke it out. The rosy flowers of the clematis in spring are followed by fragrant jasmine blossoms in summer for a long season of continuous bloom and interest.
- Pair J. o. ‘Aureovariegatum’ with blue-flowered clematis for a lovely combination of foliage, fragrance, and flowers.
- Weave the branches of the purple-leaved Cotinus coggygria ‘Grace’ with J. o. ‘Fiona’s Sunrise’ for a complementary and harmonious arrangement of color and growth habit.
A plant of history and romance, poet’s jasmine thrives in the Pacific Northwestwhere it seduces gardeners with fragrant flowers and a graceful twining habit. Seek out these choice cultivars and adopt them as they have been in Europe and Asia. Your landscape—and your senses—will be richer for it.
Jasminum officinale ‘Grandiflorum’ Photo: Paul Bonine
Jasminum officinale ‘Affine’ Photo: Paul Bonine
Star Jasmine, Confederate Jasmine
Blooming in spring and early summer, star jasmine will perfume an entire garden. Take a walk through a yard that hosts this easy-to-grow vine and you’ll likely catch the scent of the bright white flowers before you see them. The clusters of star-shape blooms are petite and complemented by small, shiny evergreen leaves. In areas where star jasmine is not hardy, grow it as an annual and enjoy the fragrant flowers for a single season. Or grow star jasmine as an annual outdoors and bring it indoors during winter to enjoy it.
Star jasmine is a fast-growing woody vine when planted in full sun. It will quickly scramble up a trellis or fence, making it a great choice for a living screen. Its twining stems anchor themselves to structures and move upward quickly. Plant it at the base of a pergola or arbor to create a fragrant roof on the structure. Encourage vines to climb up the support posts by twirling the young vines around the base of the posts. Star jasmine does not climb masonry.
Star Jasmine Care Must-Knows
Star jasmine thrives in full sun. It will grow in shade, but it grows slowly and produces few flowers in a part-shade or full-shade location. Select a planting site that receives at least 8 hours of bright sunlight each day. Fertile, well-drained soil is also best for growing this vine.
Plant star jasmine in spring or early summer, and water regularly during the first growing season to promote the development of a deep root system. Once established, the vine has good drought resistance and rarely needs supplemental watering. Blanket the soil around plants with a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch to prevent soil moisture loss.
Star jasmine is a cinch to care for in your garden. No significant pests or diseases trouble the vine. Prune plants in early spring or whenever they grow out of bounds. Star jasmine also grows well indoors. In cold winter areas bring star jasmine indoors and place it in a bright, sunny window. Water it regularly and rotate the pot every few weeks to promote equal growth. Star jasmine does not often bloom indoors, but it will bloom outdoors in spring or summer.
Looking to add a structure to your landscape? Find the perfect pergola for your yard here.
More Varieties of Jasmine
‘Snow-N-Summer’ Asian jasmine
Trachelospermum asiaticum ‘HOSNS’ is strongly variegated with white and pink on evergreen foliage on spreading plants. It’s a great summer annual in cold-weather climates. It climbs to 4 feet. Zones 7-10
‘Ogon Nishiki’ Asian jasmine
This variety of Trachelospermum asiaticum shows off dark green leaves boldly variegated in red, amber, and orange. It can climb to 20 feet. Zones 7-9
Trachelospermum jasminoides bears fragrant clusters of pure white flowers that contrast beautifully against the dark green foliage. Zones 8-10
Winterizing Jasmine Plants: Caring For Jasmine During Winter
Jasmine (Jasminum spp.) is an irresistible plant that fills the garden with sweet fragrance when it’s in bloom. There are many types of jasmine. Most of these plants thrive in warm climates where frost is a rare occurrence. If grown in the proper climate, jasmine winter care is a snap, but gardeners in temperate climates can still grow them if they are willing to go to a little extra trouble to care for jasmine during winter.
There are over 200 species of jasmine. Here are some of the types commonly grown in the United States and USDA plant hardiness zones:
- Winter Jasmine (J. nudiflorum) – Zones 6 through 9, may even bloom during winter
- Arabian Jasmine (J. sambac) – Zones 9 through 11
- Common Jasmine (J. officinale) – Zones 7 through 10
- Star and Confederate Jasmines (Trachelospermum spp.) – Zones 8 through 10
How to Keep Jasmine Over Winter
If you are growing the plants in their rated zone, you need to provide a layer of organic mulch to the roots of the jasmine in winter. Use up to 6 inches of straw or 3 to 4 inches of shredded hardwood for winterizing jasmine plants. Fallen leaves also make good winter mulch, and they work even better if you shred them to about the size of a quarter before spreading them over the roots. If the stems begin to die back, you can cut them down as low as 6 inches above the ground.
To keep jasmine plants over winter outside their rated zone, you need to bring them indoors. Growing them in pots makes moving the plants indoors for winter much easier. Even so, dry indoor air and inadequate sunlight may cause the plants to lose their leaves and they may even die. While they are indoors, give the plants normal room temperatures during the day with cool temperatures at night. This allows them to rest over winter.
Prepare the plants by bringing them in for a few hours each day several weeks before the first frost. When you bring them in, place them in a very bright, preferably south-facing window. Use supplemental fluorescent lighting if you don’t have enough natural light in your home.
The bathroom, kitchen and laundry room are the most humid rooms in your house, and they make good winter homes for jasmine plants. If you run your furnace a lot over winter, the air will be dry. You can provide the plant with a little extra humidity by placing it on a tray of pebbles and water. The purpose of the pebbles is to hold the pot above the water. As the water evaporates, it moistens the air around the plant. A cool mist vaporizer will also help keep the air moist.
It’s safe to move the plant back outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. Feed it with liquid fertilizer and give it a few days to get used to outdoor conditions before leaving it outside overnight.
Jasmine is a tropical plant that has over 200 different species. The plant produces charming little star-shaped white blooms that often have pink highlights on the petals. In addition to looking beautiful, the Jasmine flower also has a pleasant sweet smell that is calming to your body. I love the scent of Jasmine; in fact, so much that I even named my daughter after this exquisite plant.
I never really grew Jasmine plants in my home until recently, and when I enter my home now, its sweet aroma is the first thing that I smell. Caring for tropical plants can be tricky, so in this guide I will give you the tools that you need to make your Jasmine plants thrive.
How to Plant and Care for Jasmine
Soil – The soil that your Jasmine plant should be planted in can vary quite a bit. I like to use an organic blend of porous material as well as bark, peat, and other soil that drains well.
Sun – Jasmine plants like bright sunlight, so if the plant is indoors, make sure that it is getting sunlight for up to four hours a day. Having the plant in front of a southern facing window will do wonders for its growth. During the winter months, the plant will not need quite as much direct sunlight.
Temperature – Being a tropical plant, Jasmine plants are able to handle hot and humid temperatures, but they will not survive cold, winter temperatures. When growing Jasmine, try to keep the temperature between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. After the plant is through blooming, you can keep the plant in a cool room, but no cooler than 41 degrees.
Water – Jasmine plants need a lot of water, especially when they are in bloom. It is best to always keep the soil slightly moist. The plants should be watered on a weekly basis, but if the soil becomes dry before that, water the plant early.
Fertilizer – When fertilizing a Jasmine plant, you want to use fertilizer that is rich in potassium and phosphorus. This type of fertilizer will help extend the bloom time of the plant. Indoor Jasmine plants should be fertilized at least twice a year, but during the growing season of spring and summer, liquid fertilizer can be fed to the plant every few weeks.
Growing Jasmine Indoors
Jasmine will thrive indoors if they are given the proper care; in fact, they can grow up to two feet each year. This plant requires a lot of sun, so if you do not have a south facing window with a lot of sun available, then during the summer months, the plant will benefit from a few hours of being outside in the sun. Autumn arriving causes blooms to bud. Cool, well circulated air is great for encouraging winter blooms to form; if the temperature is too warm, the plant will not bloom.
Pinching and Pruning
When you begin to see new growth on a Jasmine plant, you should begin pinching the stems to promote growth. This process should be completed during the first two years of the plant’s life, and you should only pinch the top half inch of the stem. Once blooming has completed for the season, you should also consider pruning the plant.
You will want to remove any dead foliage or tangled stems from the plant. In addition, remove any diseased areas of the plant to make sure that the disease does not spread. If you are training your plant to grow a certain way, then you should trim unruly stems as well.
The best way to propagate Jasmine is to use cuttings. The cuttings should be about three inches in length, and it should have two to three sets of leaves on the top of the cutting. To encourage the cutting to take root, you need to plant it in a soil mixture that contains peat moss, sand, and other types of soil that drain well. Cover the plant with a plastic tent to encourage growth; this can easily be constructed from a plastic bag. Make sure to place the plant in a well lit room that is about 65 degrees Fahrenheit. In about four weeks, you will see new growth, which indicates that the plant has taken root. Allow the new plant to grow until the roots fill the starter pot, and then transplant it in the early spring of the year.
Jasmines are easy to care for in the winter, but you should cut back on the amount of sunlight, water, and fertilizer that you are giving it. In addition, the plant will be fine in cooler rooms of your home; as long as the temperature does not drop below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant will be able to endure the cold winter months indoors.
Common Problems That Jasmine Plants Experience
Since Jasmines are tropical plants, one of the most common issues related to them is rust and blight. These two conditions cause damage to the leaves; it can affect the coloration of the foliage, make the leaves wilt, and it can even pass to younger stems or cutting offspring that is taken from the mature plant. Getting rid of fungal issues such as these requires baking soda spray and plenty of aeration. If these issues remain, you may need to clean the pot and the roots to ensure that the disease is gone.
Aphids, whiteflies, and mites are insects that suck the vitality out of a Jasmine plant and cause damage to the plant, but caterpillars, budworms, and webworms can cause damage to the leaves as well. The best way to get rid of most pests that can affect your Jasmine plants is to create a soapy solution that you can apply to the leaves of the plant. If you know what the pest is, then you can target it specifically with an insecticide spray.
If you are looking for a plant that will make your home smell amazing when it blooms, then Jasmines are perfect. Even though they are tropical plants, they are not that difficult to invigorate in an indoor space.
Where to Buy Jasmine
We found some nice Jasmine LIVE Plants on Amazon
Winter jasmine is probably one of the most fabulous climbing plants.
Winter Jasmine facts
Name – Jasminum nudiflorum
Family – Oleaceae
Type – climbing vine, indoor plant
Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters)
Exposure – light
Soil – soil mix
Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – January to March
Care, from repotting to pruning and including the watering is a set of proper actions that will help you grow magnificent jasmine.
- Note: this is different from star jasmine, which blooms in summer.
Planting winter jasmine
Pretty hardy, winter jasmine grows in most of our regions and climates.
Fall is best for the planting, since this favors proper root development, but still, it is possible to plant it in other seasons as long as freezing and hot days are avoided.
- Winter jasmine appreciates sun or part sun, which is necessary for it to bloom.
- Incorporate soil mix into your garden soil.
- In a hedge, space each foot of winter jasmine by about 4 to 5 feet (120 to 150 cm).
Repotting container-bound winter jasmine
Winter jasmine, since it grows very slowly, is an ideal candidate to decorate balconies and terraces.
- Winter jasmine, often grown in pots, must be repotted in spring, just after the blooming.
- Choose quality flower plant soil mix or a mix of peat and sand.
- Take care not to break any branches when repotting jasmine that is climbing on a lattice. Check on our advice on how to repot your jasmine.
Pruning winter jasmine
In order to favor the following blooming, you should cut all the stems back by 4 to 10 inches (10 to 25 cm) while keeping a harmonious silhouette.
After that, every month until fall, pinch the new stems to create new ramifications which will lead to denser, more abundant blooming.
Watering winter jasmine
Adequate watering is required for the winter jasmine to bloom well. This is a plant that needs water but for which excess water can sometimes be detrimental, especially in fall.
Watering in spring and summer
This is the time frame where water needs are at their highest.
Abundant watering 2 to 3 times a week is appreciable for winter jasmine, especially if temperatures are high.
- Every two weeks, adding fertilizer will clearly increase the growth of your winter jasmine.
Watering in fall and winter
Start with slowly reducing the watering frequency, in the end only watering once a week in winter.
- Stop adding fertilizer completely during the blooming.
The best place to put container-bound winter jasmine
Even though it is the hardiest of all jasmine varieties, and thus the most able to resist cold, it can only stay outdoors in mild-climate areas. Its hardiness to freezing stands down to 5°F (-15°C).
Elsewhere, for example in mountainous areas, it should be grown in pots to be able to put it away during the fierce winter frost.
In spring and summer
The plant loves being outside, even though it fears spots that may be too hot or too sunny.
Better to go for slightly covered sun.
Indoors, don’t place your jasmine directly behind a window in direct sunlight, or it could dry up too fast. Protect it from direct rays of the sun.
Winter jasmine in fall and winter
Jasmine needs up cool temperatures in winter for it to bloom, so it should be put in a room where temperatures don’t exceed 60°F (15°C). This isn’t really an indoor apartment plant.
Learn more about Winter jasmine
Winter jasmine is a plant that doesn’t smell anything, unlike the other types of jasmine that are part of the ingredients used for perfume.
However, it is a beautifully blooming climbing vine.
Lastly, jasmine bears fruits, small berries that turn black when ripe, which aren’t edible.
There are two types of jasmine: winter jasmine bearing yellow flowers and summer jasmine or star jasmine which has white flowers.
- Winter jasmine is the only climbing vine that bestows us with winter blooming, although Allamanda occasionally lasts deep into November.
Smart tip about jasmine
Winter jasmine still is great for indoor growing, as long as it can stay in cooler premises over the winter!
- Fragrant climbing plants
- Jasmine, jasminum, growing and care
- Star jasmine, growing and caring for it
- Solanum potato vine, a jasmine look-alike
- Different types of jasmine
Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Droplets on winter jasmine by Andreas Rockstein under © CC BY-SA 2.0
Winter jasmine shrub by Andrey Zharkikh ★ under © CC BY 2.0
Winter jasmine with winter sky by Jürgen Mangelsdorf under © CC BY-NC-ND 2.0