- A thornless variety
- An excellent choice for a dry rock garden or planted near pathways and patios
- Features a wide canopy that can provide light filtered shade
- Can also be used as a privacy screen
This is the thornless Chilean Mesquite tree, Prosopis chilensis, and this heat-loving, drought tolerant tree is a beautiful addition to any waterwise landscape or planted next to pathways or patios! Native to South America, this is the classic desert tree with a wide canopy of soft, bright green, fern-like foliage covering dark, twisting branches, for a look that brings visual interest to any landscape. We have these hybrid Chilean Mesquite trees for sale in single or multi-trunk and at sizes that can provide light filtered shade. Plant a few of them together as groves and feel free to relax on your porch even when it’s bright and sunny outside!
Chilean Mesquite trees love full sun exposure and once established, will have little to moderate watering needs. This mesquite tree has a rapid growth rate so you will not have to wait too many years to enjoy the beauty this tree can bring to your yard. Of course, we have bigger sizes available right now so that they can create an instant landscape that is sure to add curb appeal. They love to grow in the Southwest and make excellent companions to Bougainvillea and Yucca plants!
Visit any of our nurseries, and we will be glad to help you handpick the perfect Chilean Mesquite for the perfect spot in your yard! We are the growers so that we can assure their quality is the best you’ll find anywhere! And with free planting available on all box size trees, it cannot get any easier to have a beautiful landscape that can increase property value! We do the work!
Prosopis juliflora var. juliflora Mesquite
A thorny small tree or large shrub to about 12 m (40 ft.) tall, native to dry regions in tropical America but popular worldwide for its many useful features. The seed pods are traditionally ground into flour products (pinole), made into a syrup, and a mesquite wine can be fermented from them; the fernlike leaves are used as forage; the yellowish, bottlebrush-like flowers are popular with bees that produce a superior, fragrant honey from their nectar; the wood can be used for a variety of purposes, most notably for smoking food and, in the form of charcoal, for barbecuing; the gum is used as an emulsifying agent; and the plant is much used in traditional medicine. It is also an excellent ornamental shade tree for desert areas even though perhaps a bit messy. Cultivation is very easy and Mesquite will grow with little attention and very little water in temperate as well as tropical climates from USDA Zones 7 to 11. Seeds should be scarified or immersed in boiling water for 30 seconds to break dormancy, then soaked at room temperature for a day. In some countries Mesquite is considered a noxious weed and the importation of seeds may be restricted.
Sowing Mesquite Seeds: How And When To Plant Mesquite Seeds
Mesquite plants are considered symbols of the American Southwest. They grow like weeds in their natural region and make excellent native plants in that area’s gardens. Producing a lovely tree with tiny yellow spring flowers and bean-like pods. This member of the legume family can secure nitrogen in soil, improving the garden. Growing mesquite from seed found in the wild is a fun way to enjoy these plants for free. However, mesquite seed germination can be capricious and requires several steps for success. Read further for info on how to grow mesquite trees from seed.
How to Grow Mesquite from Seed
Plant propagation by amateur gardeners is an interesting way to develop new plants and enhance your garden expertise. Sowing mesquite seeds for intentional propagation requires some specific steps to enhance germination. In the wild, any animal who eats a bean pod will spread the seed, and the animal’s digestive tract provides the necessary treatment to break embryo dormancy. For the home gardener, additional treatment will be necessary.
Many experts state that growing mesquite from seed is
the hardest way to propagate the plant. Air layering or propagation through grafting are common commercial methods. For mesquite seeds, the maximum germination occurs at temperatures of 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (27 to 29 C.).
Seed does not need light to germinate but does best under .2 inches (.5 cm.) of soil. Seedlings do need light to grow and soil temperatures of at least 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 C.). Scarification of the seed and a soak in sulfuric acid or horticultural vinegar enhances cotyledon emergence.
Enhancing Mesquite Seed Germination
Seeds need to be scarred with a knife or file to wound the hard exterior. Next, a 15- to 30-minute soak in sulfuric acid or in a strong vinegar solution will help soften the hard seed exterior. Another treatment that may help is stratification.
Wrap seeds in moist sphagnum moss in a plastic bag or container and place in the refrigerator for 8 weeks. This is a common method of stimulation the emergence of the embryo. While it may not be necessary, it will not hurt the seeds and may encourage seedling emergence. Once all treatments have been completed, it is time for sowing mesquite seeds.
When to Plant Mesquite Seeds
Timing is everything when planting. If you are planting seeds directly outside in containers or a prepared bed, sow seed in spring. Seeds started indoors can be planted at any time but require a warm area to germinate and grow on.
Another trick to ensure germination is to wrap the seeds in moist paper towels for a week. The seeds should send out little sprouts in about that time. Then install the sprouts in a mixture of sand and sphagnum moss that has been lightly moistened.
Depending upon the cultivar, many growers have experienced success just by planting seeds, untreated in potting soil. However, since some cultivar’s seeds are resistant, following the treatment plan outlined will not harm seeds and will prevent much of the frustration associated with these resistant varieties.