Mango tree in container

Container Grown Mango Trees – How To Grow Mango Trees In Pots

Mangos are exotic, aromatic fruit trees that absolutely abhor cold temps. Flowers and fruit drop if temperatures dip below 40 degrees F. (4 C.), even if only briefly. If temps drop further, like below 30 degrees F. (-1 C.), severe damage occurs to the mango. Since many of us don’t live in such consistently warm regions, you might be wondering how to grow mango trees in pots or even if it’s possible. Read on to learn more.

Can You Grow Mango in a Pot?

Yes, growing mango trees in containers is possible. In fact, they will often thrive container grown, especially the dwarf varieties.

Mangos are native to India, hence their love of warm temperatures. The large varieties make excellent shade trees and can grow up to 65 feet in height and live as long as 300 years still fruitful! Whether you live in a cool climate or just plain don’t have space for a 65-foot tree, there are several dwarf varieties perfect for a container grown mango tree.

How to Grow a Mango in a Pot

Dwarf mango trees are perfect as container grown mango trees; they only grow to between 4 and 8 feet. They do well in USDA zones 9-10, but you can fool Mother Nature by growing them indoors if you can fulfill the mangoes heat and light requirements or have a greenhouse.

The best time to plant a container mango is in the spring. Select a dwarf variety such as Carrie or Cogshall, a smaller hybrid like Keit, or even one of the smaller sized regular mango trees such as Nam Doc Mai that can be pruned to keep small.

Choose a pot that is 20 inches by 20 inches or larger with drainage holes. Mangos need excellent drainage, so add a layer of broken pottery to the bottom of the pot and then a layer of crushed gravel.

You will need a lightweight, yet highly nutritive, potting soil for a container grown mango tree. An example is 40% compost, 20% pumice and 40% forest floor mulch.

Because the tree plus the pot and dirt will be heavy and you want to be able to move it around, place the pot atop a plant caster stand. Fill the pot half way with potting soil and center the mango onto the soil. Fill the pot with the soil media up to 2 inches from the rim of the container. Firm the soil down with your hand and water the tree well.

Now that your mango tree has been potted, what further mango container care is needed?

Mango Container Care

It is a good idea to side dress the container with about 2 inches of organic mulch, which will aid in water retention as well as feed the plant as the mulch breaks down. Fertilize each spring through summer with fish emulsion according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep the tree in a warm area with at least 6 hours of sun. Water the mango a few times a week during warm months and once every two weeks in the winter.

It might be hard to do, but snip off the first year’s flowers. This will stimulate growth in your mango. Prune the mango in the late winter or early spring to maintain a container friendly size. Before the mango bears fruit, stake the limbs to give them additional support.

How to Grow a Mango Tree in a cool climate or when you don’t have space? Well, Growing Mango Tree in a Pot or container is the answer!

Mango fruits are tart, spicy, aromatic, and sweet in FLAVOR, a unique taste that no other fruits can offer.

Also called the king of fruits, the mango tree grows in the warm tropical climate, not winter hardy and dies in the temperature below 30 F (-1). Usually, it requires a lot of space to grow. But if you’re short of space or living in a colder climate, where growing a mango tree on the ground is impossible–Growing a mango tree in a container can be an option.

USDA Zones: 9b–11, can be grown in zone 8 with care
Difficulty: Moderate to Hard
Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica

Growing Habit

A Mango tree grown on its native place can grow huge. Some cultivars can grow up to 32+ meters (105+ feet) tall. And there are more than 500+ varieties of mangoes grown across the world. A typical mango tree, if cared carefully can live up to 100 of years.

Mango Tree Propagation

Propagating a mango tree from seed is a bad idea because it may take up to 8 years to produce fruit and even after that, there’s no guarantee that it’ll bear fruits or not and of which variety.

The smart idea is to buy a grafted plant. Many mango cultivars are available these days, so it’s best to ask at the local nursery for the dwarf variety that does well in the container.

A grafted mango plant takes a minimum 2-3 years to fruit. In its first 3 to 5 years it grows larger and produces fewer flowers and fruits. More productive fruiting starts after the fifth year of planting.

Choosing a Right Variety

A dwarf mango tree grows up to 2-4 meters (6.5-13 feet) tall and can be tried in containers. There’re some specific dwarf varieties of the mango tree that you can grow in a container—Irwin and Nam Doc Mai are best. Some other varieties you may try are King Thai, Carrie, Cogshall, Glenn, Neelam, Amrapali, and Palmer.

Planting a Mango Tree

Plant it in a planter according to the current size of the rootball of the plant and update the planter as the plant gets bigger in a year or two or whenever it’s required. You’ll need a large pot to accommodate a mango tree.
In the beginning, a two size bigger planter than the rootball would be sufficient.

The Best Time for Planting

The best time for planting a mango tree is in spring. However, in their native habitat like India, mangoes are planted before the beginning of the rainy season (July, August) or after the rainy season.

Requirements for Growing Mango Trees in Containers


It needs light, well-drained soil that is very rich in organic matter. The pH level around 5.5-7.5 (slightly acidic to neutral). Instead of using regular soil from the garden, use a high-quality potting mix. Also, at the time of planting, add 1/3 part compost or aged manure in the mix.


Mango tree needs a lot of sun and heat to thrive. Almost 8-10 hours of exposure to the full intense sun is required for optimum growth and productivity of the plant. Place the mango tree in a container in the South or West facing position of your garden.


Mango trees grown on the ground don’t require much watering, but container grown plants are different. You’ll need to water your mango plant regularly in its first two-three years. Once the tree is established and mature enough to bear fruits, start to water moderately during the pre-flowering period.

Keep doing this until 40-50 percent of the tree is full of flowers and then water regularly from flowering stage to fruit formation, until a few weeks (or a month) left before harvesting the mangoes. During this time, start to water moderately again.

Mango Tree Care


Feed it with the balanced fertilizer when actively growing. At the beginning of blooming season decrease the amount of nitrogen and feed your mango tree with high in potassium and phosphorus fertilizer.

Pinching and Pruning

Continuous pinching encourages bushier growth. The mango tree doesn’t require a lot of pruning. However, it’s necessary to remove dead, diseased and entangled branches that are causing the lack of air circulation and penetration of sunlight to control its shape and health.

Note: Heavy pruning can decrease the number of fruits in the following year.

Also Read: Best Citrus Trees for Containers


Common pests that attack a mango tree are Hoppers, Mealybugs, Scale, and Spider Mites. They reduce the vigor of the tree, which causes fewer fruits. These must be controlled as early as possible using organic pesticides.

Growing a Mango Tree in Cold Climates

If you live in a colder region, use dark colored pot because mango tree loves the warmth and black color has a tendency to absorb heat. Make sure your pot has sufficient drainage holes; a mango tree doesn’t like a moist, waterlogged growing medium.

Also, you’ll need to cover the pot with bubble wrap when the temperature starts to go below. In winter, moving your mango tree’s pot in a greenhouse or indoors is also a good idea if you’re not growing it in a frost free area.

Place it in a room near a south-facing window, which receives at least some amount of direct sunlight during the day. Try to warm up the room, using grow lights and special temperature raising halogen lights. You can also cover up your plant to insulate it from cold.

Also Read: Drought Tolerant Fruit Trees

Harvesting a Mango Tree

After flowering, mango fruits start to ripe within the next 3-4 month, all depends on the climate, and the variety you’re growing. In hot and humid climates, fruits ripen fast. Pluck fruits when their scent become sweet and tempting. You can harvest unripe fruits too, these are used in making sherbet, pickles, chutneys, and curries.

How to Grow Mango Trees in Pots

mango früchte, manga rosa, amazonas – brasil image by guentermanaus from

Mangos (Mangifera indica) are fast-growing, erect trees that are southern Asian natives. The two distinct races of mangos are Philippine, which tolerate humid conditions, and India, which are intolerant of them. Mangos are tropical trees that grow well in areas of the United States that are frost-free; they are frost sensitive. Gardeners wanting to grow a mango tree inside a pot should consider growing dwarf varieties such as Brooks, Carrie, Irwin, Manila or Villasenor. These are smaller trees reaching approximately 10 feet in mature height and will have a shorter tap root.

Select a very large pot with drain holes and preferably with casters for ease in moving the pot. Mangos have large, expanding root systems, so select a pot that is typically four to five times larger than the tree’s root ball. This will cut down on the chances of the tree getting pot bound and having to repot frequently.

Fill the pot halfway full of a well draining potting mix–mango trees will not tolerate growing in saturated soil conditions. Water the potting mix.

Remove the mango tree from the original container and inspect the root system. If they are growing in a circular direction, make two to four vertical slits through it to unbind the roots. Roots left growing in that direction will keep the tree from growing properly.

Place the mango tree inside the new container and fill the remainder of the pot with potting mix. Press down on the soil to firm it up. Be sure to plant the mango tree at the depth it was growing inside the original container. Planting too deep puts undue stress on the tree.

Water the pot until water runs out of its bottom. Continue watering the tree once per week, cutting back to once every two weeks in winter.

Situate the pot in an area outside that receives full sunlight for the majority of the day. Mango trees will have the best growth and fruit production if situated in areas receiving sunlight.

Fertilize mango trees March until August with a 6-6-6 or 8-3-9 fertilizer. Apply in three to four equally divided applications. Do not fertilize after August and be careful not to pile the fertilizer granules against the mango tree’s trunk or it will burn. Fertilize young, 1- to 2-year-old trees with fish emulsion instead of granular fertilizer. Fertilize at the same schedule as older trees.

Prune the mango tree to control its size in late winter through early spring. Prune away any dead or damaged branches throughout the year.

Use an insecticide specific for use on mango trees if insects become as problem.

Remove the mango tree to a warm area in the event of frosts or freezes in your area. Fruits and flowers suffer damage when temperatures drop to 40 degrees F.

Mango Tree, Grafted – Not certified organic

Plants are staked with soil, sealed in a plastic wrapping to retain moisture during shipment. When you receive this plant, simply remove the plastic and check moisture in the soil. Water the plant once per day while in their container. Plants have also been fertilized for the season.

All of our plants are cared for with natural practices, without the use of synthetic chemicals. However, our nursery is considered a Plant Sanctuary. Some plants we sell are brought in from other nurseries who do not follow the same standards of quality that we do. Once a plant arrives at our nursery, they are cared for with organic and natural practices.

We hand select for each order from our stock of premium quality plants at A Natural Farm in Howey-in-the-Hills, Florida. Quality in plant propagation is of upmost importance when seeking nutrition & medicinal value from edible plants!


Varieties Available:

Fruit Type: Most popular Indian variety
Fruiting Window: Mid Season

Fruit Type: Thai flavor, yellow, heart shape
Fruiting Window: Mid season

Coconut Cream
Mature Height: 30-50′
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: New designer cultivar, coconut ice cream (!!!), fiberless

Fruit Type: Rare Haitian variety
Fruiting Window: Mid Season

Fruit Punch
Mature Height: 30-50′
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: New designer cultivar, medley of flavors, fiberless

Smaller to medium sized juicy fruits but mature trees will produce hundreds of fruits per season.
Mature Height: 15-20′
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Typical Commercial Variety, Sweet with Peachy Flavor

Harvest Moon
Mature Height: 30-50′
Maturity Window: July-August
Fruit: Giant Fruits, resistant to fungus, vigorous grower

Ice Cream
Mature Height: 6-12′ (Condo/Dwarf)
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Weeping habit, rich flavor like mango sorbet, hardy skin, green skin when ripe, disease resistant

Mature Height: 6-12′ (Condo/Dwarf)
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Tangy pineapple flavor, common in Caribbean Islands

Mature Height: 6-12′ (Condo/Dwarf)
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Smaller fruit than julie but more vigorous and disease resistant

Mature Height: 15-20′
Maturity Window: August-October
Fruit: Large flavorful fruits, disease resistant fruits, prolific producer

Mature Height: 40-60′
Maturity Window: July-August
Fruit: Fiberless, aromatic & sweet, vigorous grower

Lemon Zest
Mature Height: 30-50′
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Fiberless, considered one of the tastiest mango varieties

Fruit Type: Semi-Sweet-Indian Dessert Mango
Fruiting Window: Mid Season

Mature Height: 6-12′ (Condo/Dwarf)
Maturity Window: June-July
Fruit: Firm flesh, coconut flavor, fiberless

Valencia Pride
Mature Height: 30-50′
Maturity Window: July-August
Fruit: Sweet, Aromatic, firm & fiberless

Fruit Type: Med size, orange/yellow in color, Sweet
Fruiting Window: Late Season

Plant details for all Mango varieties:
USDA Hardiness Zones: 9B-11
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollination: Self-fertile

Edible Qualities/Products: Grafted Tree that will produce first year with more abundant crops in subsequent years

Climax Height & Spread: 15′-20′ high

Cold Tolerance: Not tolerable of cold weather or wind, especially as young plants. Be sure to protect during cooler temperatures. Consider planting near the house for radiate heat.
Light Requirements: Full Sun for more fruits

Drought Tolerance/Watering Requirements: Drought Tolerant once established but ensure watering during flowering & fruiting. For initial planting water every day to every other day and then gradually begin water 2-3 times per week after initial planting

Soil & Site Requirements: Tolerates wide range of soils but does best with well drained soil rich in organic matter. Be sure to mulch around the base of the tree to trap heat and build organic matter.


*Planting Instructions*
Once your plant arrives, its best practice to water it right away. Your plant may or may not experience leaf drop, show signs of stress or be in a dormant phase. Regardless, it just traveled a great journey to get to its new home, so give it some time to accumlate! If planting in the ground, check your weather forecast to ensure frost or freezing tempreatures have passed for the year. Potting up into a larger pot can be done at any time.

Check the site and water requirements listed for each plant to have a good understanding of what your plant needs. Each garden is different, so don’t be afraid to make a good decision based on your specific location.

To maximize yield and ensure a healthy life of your fruit tree, mulch around the drip line, topdress with compost, vermicpompost & organic matter regularly, use organic fertilizer high in nitrogen 2-3 times per year, garden with companion plants of cover crops, flowering plants and herbs! These straetgies are useful in container gardening as well.


We are currently unable to ship Live Plants to CA, AZ, HI, AL or internationally. Please view our Ginger & Turmeric Rhizomes for shipping to excluded states and internationally.


Thread: Moving Mango trees

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Kenya Mangos come in various varieties that meet international quality standards. Common as maembe in Swahili and enjoying a range of references in various dialects in the country, these fruits never seem to lose glory. They save locals in times of drought as a vital source of nutrients even as the international community hankers after the juicy fruits for their proven benefits. Now here is a guide that will address issues that farmers have always wanted to know to boost mango yields and improve their market performance right from planting into post-harvesting stages.

There are two ways to plant mangos. The first involves transplanting from seedlings out of a nursery bed. The bed should either be sunken or upraised with mulch to prevent steep water infiltration and curb erosion in the seed bed. Usually, the mulch also serves as manure when dry and conserves heat beneath the surface of the earth vital for enhancing germination. The second method involves the use of a grafting agent. In Kenya there are now a number of varieties that go well with local tree varieties. Farmers, since 2010, have been sourcing quick maturity and high yield varieties like Kent and Tommy Atkins from the United States to improve yields.

The difference between a seedbed transplant of mango and grafted ones lies in the development. A transplanted tree takes approximately ten years to come to proper fruition, whereas, on average, a grafted one can reach maturity from 3 to 5 years. Indeed, if you are wary of time, you can choose the grafting method.

Mangos require suitable soil with a PH ranging from 5.5 to 7.5, though they still thrive in alkaline conditions. The transplanting holes should be at least 10 square meters apart in dry areas and a little more spacing in cool climates where vegetation growth occurs regularly.

You need to fill holes with:

Unadulterated soil: Meaning local, fertile soil common in the Kenya highlands. The mango does well also in sandy soils being a hardy plant. When going for apple tree grafted mango, local soil with a few grains of sand is advisable.

Organic manure: Make sure it’s the kind that has come straight from a farmyard in its well decomposed condition.

Once you plant, here are a few things to observe:

  • Mangos require care and attention to help them mature into stable young plants through regular watering early on in life.
  • Due to the delicate nature of the young stalks, you ought to prop them as they grow to make them shoot up straight.
  • Weed out any vegetation growth that may hamper their fast development especially in rainy areas.
  • Just before they sprout into flower, reduce your irrigation trends, and leave them to natural factors like rain. 90 days before pollination, mangos need less water and more sunshine in order to blossom well into flowers. Less water also reduces weed growth underneath the trees.
  • Finally, the young trees require less shadow as they mature unlike when young when they need a lot of shading.

Pest Control

Seed weevil: Kenya mango is commonly susceptible to mango seed weevil which burrows its way to the center of the fruit. The fully grown insect is about a centimeter long and leaves its whitish larvae inside the core before it emerges from the fruit just after it begins ripening. Though there are no visible signs of damage from outside, weevils can cause a threat to an unsuspecting sampler who sees a beautiful fruit only to find it hollow inside. You can control weevils by destroying every fallen fruit and also going for harder varieties that are more immune to pests like Kenya Ngowe mango.

Hopper: The hopper is also a widespread pest in the world of mangos. It attacks the juicy, young tender parts of the plant, sucking sap off it. If left unattended, the growing plant will be wrought dry and its sap will turn into a dry cone that will hamper development of fruits. You can control hoppers by using carbayrl (at 0.2 percent), a spraying agent. Though, it is advisable to use organic remedies like mallada boninensis as these serve as natural predators of the hoppers thus eliminating the problem through lifecycle means.

Mealy bugs: Mealy bugs also lay havoc on the sap of the tender mango tree. The best remedy, other than pesticides is the use of water to kill off the larvae during the egg-laying season. Since the mango season in Kenya runs mainly from October through March, the best time to combat them is around November to December by frequently flooding the areas where these bugs lay their eggs.

Throughout the growth stages, you need to maintain lateral growth of branches in young trees to allow development of strong branches that bear spurs that, in turn, bud into fruit. The best time to do pruning is just when the fruit starts to expand at about one year or two years. Alternatively, you can prune overgrowth soon after harvesting to renew growth which also improves fruit size.

Mangos being hardy varieties thrive in dry areas in Kenya and sometimes may require irrigation. Irrigation though is a canvas for bushy weeds and grass that form lush underbrush in the shade of the tree. You can eradicate these through pesticide control measures, regular weeding and pruning of overgrowth. Like all other fruits, Kenya mangos follow the laws of science when. Firstly, constant watering at a lesser rate is advised when the plants begin to flower and blossom into fruit. Botanists recommend that you water your trees just after they bear their first little fruits at intervals of 15 days and no more, and follow those intervals up to the harvesting stage.

You can also enhance the quality of your mangos through intercropping. If you propagate your trees at good spacing with short season and narrow root plants such as beans, guavas and greens, they will definitely leave some of their nutrients behind for the mango trees. Legumes like peas and red beans, for instance, leave their nitrogen intact in the soil.


  • Mangos are usually considered mature when the end of the fruit next to the stem has bloated out and the fruit itself filled out completely.
  • For grafted varieties, maturity sets in with fruits at an average age of 4 years producing just up to 20 mangos for every tree.
  • You can actually measure the maturity of the fruit by pricking it with a penetrometer, which has an 8-millimeter tip for testing the firmness of the flesh. Too much succulence shows that the fruit may not be quite ripened and may need to be given more time to mature.
  • Once the tree attains the age of ten years, it will start producing 100 mangos per season.
  • At 50 years, the mango tree still bears fruits but thereafter productivity ebbs to a few fruits.

Mangos need to be picked when mature just before they ripen. Picking them when they are ripe can reduce their lifespan to less than 1 week in the market.

Kenya mangos undergo harvesting at least three months or, at most, five months after they start flowering. You can harvest mangos that have a succulence of just 14 percent of dry matter.

Mangos in the same tree do not mature at the same time as others. The ones on top will precede the ones below due to their exposure to the sun and you will pluck them first by hand or by a cutting blade. However, even after picking or harvesting, the fruit will still wait a couple of days, less than a week mostly, to be fully ripe.

Varieties such as Kenya Ngowe mango have shorter spans of maturity with the fruit being ready for harvest as early as 100 days after the onset of the flower.

How to harvest: Mangos require pruning shears to cut off a little bit (about 4 inches) of the stalk attached to the fruit.

Before transporting the mango, you can store them in dry conditions still with their stalks but reduce the length of the stalk to a quarter inch from the fruit.

Additionally, mango farmers should practice selective harvesting, which is ideally a way of knowing the best time to start harvesting the fruits. For example, the mango should have at least 14 percent dry matter so that it will have a long shelf life. Secondly, you need to check the little particles on the skin of the fruit known as lenticels. When the fruit is ripe they are brownish in shade but white, green or yellow when unripe.

You also need to monitor the little drops of mango juice that start to ooze out after harvesting. These must be left to dry before the mango is taken from the ground where you place it after picking from the tree. If you leave the early juice it will spread and stick on the skin of the mango hence making it look ugly and with time it will spoil the mango.

The many years of waiting is worthwhile but will amount to nil if you stow your mangos into waste through poor storage. Don’t be in a rush especially when there is no immediate market. Hold your horses by looking for a cooling facility with just as low temperatures as this tropical fruit can withstand at most 10 degrees Celsius and nothing less. Keep your fruit in wait for clients for only 21 days, this being the maximum shelf period of the fruit.

Through patience, and by remembering all of the above, you will be one very happy farmer of Kenya mango, helping supply the world with the best variety of mangos from Kenya.

Nam Doc Mai Mango

Nam Doc Mai Mango

Origin: Reunion Island, France

Description: The mango tree originally comes from India. Its fruit was introduced to Reunion Island in 1770 from Goa.

The Nam Doc Mai mango variety originated in Thailand and was introduced to Reunion Island a decade ago. It’s elongated ‘’S’’ form and pale green color are characteristics of the variety. When ripening, its creamy color gradually turns to soft pink yellow.Its pulp is slightly honey-sweet, melting and fragrant with a fairly harsh taste close to the skin. Other appreciated features of this variety are its flat seed and absence of fibers.

Nutrition: Fibers, vitamins A, B and C as well as potassium and iron are present in important quantities in this fruit. Mangoes are also a significant source of beta carotene.

How to use: Salty or sweet, mango recipes are not lacking! You may eat mangoes for breakfast or in salads, in desserts such as fresh fruit salads or sorbets. Mangoes are also excellent in coulis, jams and smoothies.

How to store: Mangoes are kept at temperatures between 8 and 13°c depending on the variety and maturity. In the refrigerator crisper compartment, mangoes can be kept between 2 and 4 weeks depending on the variety.

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