Magnolia tree zone 4

Magnolia

Depending upon the species, the Magnolia plants are deciduous, evergreen or semi-evergreen. These plants look attractive with their glossy, dark green leaves and large, fragrant blossoms that are white, purple, pink, red and yellow. There are around 210 species of magnolia plants which differ in their size, shape, type of habitats and colour of the flowers.

Planting and Growing Magnolia:

Magnolia Plants grow well in full sun and partial shade location, and require slightly acidic, moist and well-drained soil. These plants need more room to grow their full size, so make sure there is enough spacing between the plants. If possible, avoid windy location as they can damage flowers and branches.

Caring and Maintenance:

As a part of caring and maintenance, you should water the trees regularly to keep the soil moist. To promote healthy growth of Magnolia plants, you must perform routine lawn maintenance. As these plants are susceptible to bark damages, you should be very careful while using mower and trimmer around them. Regular pruning helps to repair the damages caused by broken branches.

Where to Buy Magnolia Online?

If you are willing to buy Magnolia online, look no further than Online Plants. As a leading online plants nursery, we have a diverse range of Magnolia plants for sale at affordable prices. We also have in-house experts who provide reliable garden consultation and design service.

What Do We Stock and Where Do We Supply?

Online Plants stock and supply a wide variety of Magnolias, including Magnolia Teddy Bear, Magnolia Stellata Star Magnolia, Vulcan, Magnolia Star Wars, Magnolia Soulangeana, Princess Range, Pink Pearl, Grandiflora and Magnolia Lillyflora Nigra. All our plants are available for fast delivery across Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Canberra and Brisbane, metropolitan and regional areas.

Magnolia Soulangeana.

From the moment you first set eyes on the vivid colours of Magnolias in the collection of Ron Boekel, you won’t be able to rest until you’ve found a spot in your garden for one. The problem then is going to be stopping yourself at just one, because these are some of the most beautiful flowering plants you are ever likely to see. While they are just as easy to grow at home as the common white varieties seen in nearly every suburban street, the flowers in Ron’s collection are giant, and extremely eye-catching. The best news is that Magnolias are well suited to small gardens, and are an easy to grow large shrub or small tree that can fit into most garden designs without any problems.

Ron Boekel’s Magnolia business came about almost by accident. He had seen the brilliant colours and huge flowers being produced by growers in New Zealand and decided that he just had to have some in his own garden. Unlike the common varieties that are very easily reproduced by cuttings, these new varieties could only be grown by grafting them on to a hardy rootstock, so he first had to spend many years of trial and error perfecting his grafting techniques. Because Ron had been unable to find any of these varieties in Australia, and because other growers preferred to stick with the easily produced varieties, Ron realised that there had to be a market for such magnificent trees, so he set about producing them commercially. Since then he has become the only commercial producer of grafted magnolias in Australia, and most of his varieties aren’t available anywhere else in the country.

A well cared for Magnolia is a healthy plant with vigorous growth and lush green foliage.

The result is typical of someone for whom money is not the driving force behind plant growing. Ron is a fountain of knowledge, and he is only too happy to pass that knowledge on to anyone interested in trying out his plants. Whilst it would be cheaper and easier for him to have a team of workers producing thousands of grafts each year in a production environment, Ron insists on doing every graft himself, and he treats every plant as if it were being grown for his own garden. He first raises the rootstock from seed collected by hand on his own property, then slices each plant clean off at the top and inserts a small bud section cut carefully from one of his rare stock plants. What results is a healthy plant with vigorous growth and lush green foliage that is also extremely hardy. Ron only produces a small number of plants each year, but they are all of excellent quality.

Soil Conditions & Care

Magnolias are fast growing and can be used in small areas as they have a non-invasive root system. Because they maintain an attractive shape all year round, they look good even when not in flower. Plant them as a small feature tree or centrepiece in the garden, and they will be the talk of your neighbourhood for many years. Ron recommends a rich soil for growing Magnolias, and if you’re not lucky enough to have the mountain soils of Monbulk in your garden, you can overcome this with the addition of copious amounts of well-rotted manure.

If your soil is heavy clay, mound it up to improve drainage and in sandy areas leave a depression to collect the water. Protect the young plants from frosts, and from pests such as snails and slugs. Water young plants well every 7-10 days in periods of hot and dry weather, and prune lightly if branches become straggly and untidy.

Otherwise, Magnolias are relatively maintenance free, especially once established. One unusual thing to note about Magnolias is that they often don’t flower true to colour for their first year or two, so if your new deep purple variety has suddenly thrown a mass of pale pink blooms in its first season, don’t despair!

Popular Magnolia Varieties

Caerhays Belle Magnolia

Magnolia Lennii alba

Phillip Tregunna Magnolia

Pink Magnolias

Magnolia Ruby

White Strybing Magnolia

Magnolia Vulcan

Silver Cloud Magnolia

Magnolia Elizabeth

Magnolia Soulangeana

Zone 4 Magnolias: Tips On Growing Magnolia Trees In Zone 4

Do magnolias make you think of the South, with its warm air and blue skies? You’ll find that these gracious trees with their elegant flowers are hardier than you think. Some cultivars even qualify as zone 4 magnolias. Read on for information about cold hardy magnolia trees.

Hardy Magnolia Trees

Lots of gardeners think of the spreading magnolia as a tender plant that only thrives under southern skies. The truth is very different. Cold hardy magnolia trees exist and thrive even in zone 4 backyards.

U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 4 includes some of the coldest regions of the nation. But you’ll find a number of magnolia trees in zone 4 gardens. The key to growing magnolia trees in zone 4 is to pick cold hardy magnolia trees.

Magnolias for Zone 4

When you go shopping for magnolias for zone 4, it’s critical to select cultivars labeled as zone 4 magnolias. Here are a few to consider:

You can’t beat the star magnolia (Magnolia kobus var. stellata) for chilly areas. It’s one of the best zone 4 magnolias, readily available in nurseries in the northern states. This cultivar stays gorgeous all season, budding in spring then showing off its star-shaped, fragrant flowers all summer. Star magnolia is one of the smaller magnolias for zone 4. The trees grow to 10 feet in both directions. The leaves put on a yellow or rust-colored show in autumn.

Two other great magnolias for zone 4 are cultivars ‘Leonard Messel’ and ‘Merrill.’ Both of these are cold hardy crosses the magnolia kobus that grows as a tree and its shrub variety, stellata. These two zone 4 magnolias are both larger than star, getting 15 feet tall or more. ‘Leonard Messel’ grows pink flowers with white inner petals, while ‘Merrill’ flowers are huge and white.

Another of the best magnolia trees in zone 4 is saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangeana), hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. This is one of the big trees, growing to 30 feet tall with a 25 foot spread. The flowers of the saucer magnolia present in saucer shapes. They are a striking pink-purpose on the outside and a pure white within.

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What Are The Best Magnolias For Zone 6-(Reviews)

When I hear the name Magnolia I typically think of large Southern Magnolias lining the drive of a southern plantation. The large glossy leaves. The huge white fragrant flowers. Ahhh I can picture it and smell the lemony scent of them now. What most people don’t know is that it is not the only type of Magnolia, and they aren’t just for the deep south.

In this article I will describe several Magnolia varieties that will work as far North as zone 5b.

Magnolia grandiflora ‘Brackens Brown Beauty’ or Southern Magnolia

Magnolia grandiflora is a type of the variety I described in my opening. These are evergreen with large glossy dark green leaves and very fragrant white flowers. The leaves can be as large as 7” long and are shiny dark green on the top and brown and fuzzy on the underside. Bracken’s Magnolia will keep their leaves all winter in the St. Louis area, but as new leaves come out in the spring they will shed some of their older leaves. The large white flowers can get up to 6” across and give off a very Lemon Pledge type smell. The trees can get up to 30’ tall and 25’ wide. They will grow in full sun to part shade and don’t like it too wet or too dry. One more thing of interest to mention about the Bracken’s Magnolia is the seedpod. After the flowers are done (they bloom in May – June) a large seedpod forms. The pods can be attractive because they are about 3” long with browns and reds in them, but they can also be somewhat of a litter problem if there are many of them.

Overall this is a great medium sized evergreen tree. It does need some room to grow because as I mentioned they can get up to 25’ wide, but if you plant it in the right location it is a relatively low maintenance attractive tree.

Magnolia acuminata or Cucumber Tree

This is the only Magnolia native to Missouri. It can be found growing naturally in southern Missouri. These trees can get up to 70’ tall and 35’ wide, but they are not evergreen like the Bracken’s. The flowers on this variety are yellow and can get up to 4 inches across. The fruit is where this tree gets its common name because it resembles a cucumber. The fruit appears in late summer and turns red in the fall. Magnolia acuminata is not commonly used in the landscape because it gets so large. It would make a good shade tree that also will give you some flowers in early spring.

Magnolia stellata or Star Magnolia

This is one of the more popular varieties of Magnolia that you see around St. Louis. They are usually grown as a multi stem or shrub form. The Star Magnolia has white flowers in early spring. Sometimes it blooms a little too early and the flowers get damaged by the cold weather. The flowers are usually very plentiful, and they appear before the foliage so you end up with a plant covered by white multi petaled flowers. The plant gets about 15’ tall and wide so it is one of the smaller varieties of Magnolia. The fruit of the Star Magnolia turns red in the fall, but other than that there is not much fall color. This is an excellent large shrub or small tree that could fit in many different areas of a landscape. It is also hardy all the way to zone 4.

Magnolia virginiana or Sweet Bay Magnolia

This is one of my favorite Magnolias for the St. Louis area because it can take our heavy clay soils, has fragrant flowers, showy leaves, colorful fruit, and in a mild winter it might even hold on to some of its leaves.

Sweet Bay Magnolias are usually found as a multi stem and can get anywhere from 15’ to 30’ tall and wide. They have long slender glossy green leaves with a silvery underside and white fragrant flowers. The flowers smell kind of lemony and appear in May – June. In late summer the fruit appears and can be a brilliant red in the fall. This variety of Magnolia can take a wet soil, so it can be used in areas where many other plants can’t.

Magnolia Ann & Jane

These are also very popular Magnolias in the St. Louis area. They are very similar that is why I lumped them together in this blog. Ann & Jane are also among the smaller varieties of Magnolias for this area. They will get about 10’ tall and wide and are usually found in shrub form. They are both used primarily for their flower colors. Ann has a purple/ reddish color and Jane is very similar except it has some white in the middle of the flower. Like the Star Magnolia they bloom before the leaves come out, and they can be used in a variety of ways in a landscape.

Jane

Ann

Magnolia soulangeana or Saucer Magnolia

Saucer Magnolia is very similar to the Ann and Jane except it has a different flower color and gets a little bigger. The flowers are more white with some purple whereas the Jane is more purple with some white. The Saucer Magnolia can get up to 20’ tall and wide. This is also another variety that can tend to bloom a little too early. They typically bloom in March and therefore the flowers can get some damage to them in colder weather. All that being said, it is a good choice for early color in the spring.

Magnolia ‘Butterflies’ or Butterfly Magnolia

This is one of Missouri Botanical Garden’s Plants Of Merit. This means it has been selected by industry professionals to be a plant that performs well in the St. Louis area. They can get up to 20’ tall and 15’ wide. They are usually found in tree form, but can also be used in a multi stem form. Butterfly Magnolia has a yellow flower that has a slight lemony fragrance, and it blooms in late March to early April. These trees are cold hardy for our area and seem to hold up well through our tough summers too.

Many of these varieties also have cultivars that will do well in the St. Louis area. This blog just touched on some of the more popular forms that are readily available at local nurseries. So, as you can see Magnolias are not just plants of the deep south. If you include all the cultivars, there are actually quite a few Magnolias that can be used in and around hardiness zone 6.

Magnolias for Utah

It’s tree planting time and Arbor Day month (remember Arbor Day in Utah is the last Friday in April) so I’ve started to wander through nurseries and garden centers to see what looks good, what I want, and what I can afford. I also use these wanders as a way to gauge the future diversity and quality of our urban/community forests because I figure that most of what I’m seeing in the nurseries now will make up our future landscapes.

So, yesterday I was looking through the tree and shrub section of a Logan garden center and found a beautiful small magnolia ready to bloom and bought it (it was 25% off). In particular it was a Magnolia liliflora or lily magnolia hybrid named ‘Susan.’ This purchase, and my love of magnolias, made me decide to feature magnolias when writing this article.

No member of the magnolia family (Magnoliaceae) is native anywhere near Utah. Most are native to East Asia and the Himalayas and to eastern North America and Central America. The nearest magnolias to Utah are native to the southeastern U.S. Yet I have been pleasantly surprised by how well many magnolias do in at least parts of Utah. Most don’t like extreme dry conditions or poor drainage, but they can stand heat and are at least moderately tolerant of alkaline soil, salt, and shade.

Many magnolias are evergreen and fairly sensitive to cold, so planting a magnolia in Rich County might be a marginal proposition (try Kobus magnolia), yet even in cold climates they offer possibilities.

So let’s start with one of our more cold-hardy (zone 4) magnolias — Magnolia stellata or star magnolia. Star magnolia is a multi-stemmed, non-evergreen shrub to small tree with beautiful, usually white but sometimes pink flowers with narrow strap-shaped petals. Four-inch flowers come on very early, before the leaves, and thus are very showy. Cultivars to consider are ‘Royal Star’ with large, white, fragrant flowers; ‘Centennial;’ and ‘Dawn.’ As with all magnolias, plant in a location that’s at least somewhat protected from weather extremes, and especially from southern exposures that cause warming in the winter.

Another cold-hardy, non-evergreen magnolia that can be showier and more dramatic is Magnolia x soulangiana or saucer magnolia (note: the ‘x’ in the name indicates a hybrid). Like star magnolia it flowers before the leaves come on and is multi-stemmed, though larger than star magnolia. Most cultivars have 5″ to 10″ pink to purple flowers with round petals, but some are white. This tree is quite hardy and does as well in Logan as it does farther south. Try cultivars ‘Brozzonii,’ ‘Lennei,’ and ‘San Jose.’

A large evergreen magnolia for warmer parts of Utah (its stated USDA cold hardiness zone is 6) is Magnolia grandiflora or southern magnolia (here’s some tree trivia — the street tree in front of Jerry Seinfeld’s building in NYC in the Seinfeld sitcom is a southern magnolia). It’s large, evergreen, oval leaves are dark shiny green on top and covered with rust-colored hairs beneath. Leaves normally live two years but may drop after one season in colder climates without much harm to the tree. Flowers are creamy-white and 8″ to 12″ in diameter, making this a spectacular tree in bloom. Though this tree isn’t known to be very cold hardy, I have seen it doing well in Salt Lake City and Provo (as well as St. George) in Utah, and have seen it surviving in Columbia, Missouri (zone 5b). Numerous cultivars are available.

There’s not room here to mention other magnolias in detail. Others worthy of mention (all are hardy at least to zone 4) are Kobus magnolia (Magnolia kobus), cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata), and Loebner magnolia (Magnolia x loebneri). All have numerous cultivars available with a variety of sizes, shapes, and flower characteristics. And of course I think the lily magnolia I bought yesterday will do well, but I’ll have to get home, plant it, and wait and see. Wish me luck.

Dr. Michael Kuhns
Extension Forester
Utah State University
April 2, 2001
(originally written for TreeUtah newsletter)

Vermont Garden Journal: Growing Magnolias In The North

Listen Listening… / 2:41

When I think of magnolias, memories of Grateful Dead concerts and Gone with the Wind come to mind. While this prehistoric tree is indigenous to the Southern United States, we can also grow some varieties here. And why not, newer, hardy dwarf varieties make the trees more manageable in small spaces. Plus, the large flowers are loaded with fragrance. “Ahh Sugar magnolia, ringing that bluebell, caught up in the sunlight, come on out singing.”

The key with growing magnolias in the North is variety selection and placement. Southern evergreen magnolias aren’t hardy here, but many deciduous ones are to zone 4. For large trees try the saucer magnolias, such as ‘Centennial’. They can reach up to 20 feet tall with light pink flowers. The shorter Loebner magnolias, such as ‘Merrill’, have light colored flowers but are shorter and bloom two weeks later so are less likely to get killed by spring frosts. The Little Girl series, such as ‘Betty’ and ‘Ann’, have darker pink colored flowers and only grow into large bushes, about 10 feet tall. They’re more colorful than the traditional white flowered star magnolias. In zone 5 areas, you can even try the yellow flowered ‘Elizabeth’ magnolia that grows 20 feet tall.

Once you have the variety, plant your tree on well-drained soil in full sun. Plant in an East facing, protected location and mulch with wood chips to slow the flower buds opening in spring. Late spring frosts and high winds can quickly ruin the spring flower show.

Watch for sooty mold and magnolia scale on trees. Sooty mold is a fungus that forms when aphids are feeding. Spray insecticidal soap to kill the aphids. Magnolia scale looks like small bumps on the bark. Spray horticultural oil to stop their feeding.

And now for this week’s tip, harvest asparagus now by cutting the spears when they’re 6 inches long. For fun, cover some spears as they emerge with a container to block the light, creating blanched white asparagus. These are more tender and mild flavored.

Next week on the Vermont Garden Journal, I’ll be talking about nicotiana. Until then, I’ll be seeing you in the garden.

Resources:

  • Magnolia Varieties
  • Growing Magnolias

The Vermont Garden Journal with Charlie Nardozzi is made possible by Gardener’s Supply, offering environmental solutions for gardens and landscapes. In Burlington, Williston and Gardeners.com.

Magnolia Trees & Cold Temperature

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Magnolias are the classic iconography of the southern United States with their glossy green leaves and huge white flowers. What some people may not know is that magnolias can be grown in many parts of the United States outside of the South. Southern magnolias suffer from the cold, but many cultivars can tolerate snowy winters.

Southern Magnolias

Southern magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora) are enormous evergreen magnolias, growing upward of 80 feet with a 40-foot spread. They are native trees that thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 7a through 10a and are occasionally spotted further north in protected areas. These southern trees are very prone to damage from cold weather, especially when young.

Hardy Magnolias

While the iconic magnolia may be the Southern magnolia, many hardy varieties are available in North America. These magnolias, which are hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 4, tend to be smaller trees. Deciduous magnolias have a wider range of flower colors, from white to a variety of pinks. ‘Star,’ ‘Leonard Messel’ and ‘Merrill’ magnolias make beautiful ornamental trees.

Cold Damage

Magnolias suffer cold damage when winter temperatures fluctuate or unexpected frost or snow arrive late in the season. Buds tend to be damaged most severely, cold snaps can result in the death of all magnolia buds for that season. If foliage begins pushing out from behind damaged buds, it can be assumed that there will be no further blooms that year. Vegetative buds can also suffer frostbite from cold exposure but they are significantly more resistant than flower buds.

Cold-Damaged Magnolia Care

It’s best to wait until spring to assess any freeze or frost damage on a magnolia. Remove any obviously dead limbs and branches. Allow small cracks in bark to heal naturally and treat larger cracks with copper solution to prevent diseases. Fertilize the damaged tree lightly and mulch it deeply to help prevent further stress while it is recovering.

Buy Magnolia Trees Online | Garden Goods Direct

Magnolia Trees for Sale Online

Magnolia trees are practically synonymous with the south. Most people refer to Magnolias as “Southern Magnolias.” These plants are spectacular flowering trees additions to any garden, with beautiful blossoms that provide a lovely fragrance.

If you want one of these beautiful trees for your landscape, Garden Goods has excellent options to choose from. Read on to learn more about these trees and how to care for them to ensure long, healthy growth.

What Types of Magnolia Trees Are There?

Magnolias are native to many regions of the world but are most recognizable in the Northern Hemisphere as a common tree in the southeast United States. Growing up to 80 feet tall with spreads of up to 40 feet, Magnolias can be enormous, covering a swath of your garden with fragrant blooms. Magnolias prefer to be planted in full sun to part sun and are available as trees and shrubs. Several varieties of magnolias are seen in the United States, including:

  • Sweetbay – The Sweetbay magnolia features white blooms in the late spring and glossy green leaves in the summer. Some northern areas grow this plant as a deciduous magnolia.
  • Teddy Bear: This sweet little magnolia blooms for a more extended period, providing contrast against its foliage through the summer.
  • Southern Magnolia – The summer magnolia or Magnolia grandiflora is an enormous evergreen variety that blooms through the summer — it’s known for its fragrance and drought-tolerance. A few of the more unusual types are Brackens Brown Beauty and DD Blanchard.

Why Should You Plant Magnolia Trees on Your Property?

When one thinks of a magnolia tree, its large, fragrant, white blossoms first come to mind. Appearing in the late spring and blooming through the summer, these blooms provide a beautiful contrast against the tree’s dark green foliage. Magnolias also produce colorful pods with bright berries in the later summer months, feeding wildlife and adding color to their displays.

On top of their beauty, magnolia trees are highly functional additions to your garden. Fitting well into many ecosystems, magnolias support local wildlife and pollinators with their blooms and berries. They can also serve as privacy and shade trees for your garden, turning your property into a stunning refuge. On top of it all, magnolias grow quickly, so you won’t need to wait long for them to fill out their stunning displays.

How Can You Find the Right Magnolia Trees for Your Home?

Most magnolia trees are very hardy in most southern zones of the United States, though some varieties are relatively cold hardy, like the little gem. For this reason, do some research on the appropriate growing conditions of a magnolia tree before purchase. Also, consider the size and shape of the magnolia you want. While some varieties are excellent shade trees, others are closer in appearance to shrubs and will be more appropriate for privacy hedges.

No matter the size of your garden, or where you live, there is a Magnolia variety that will work for you. Take the time to choose the correct location for your magnolia, so it has room to spread out. If you properly locate your magnolia, you won’t have to have to prune these beauties and risk losing the weighty, showy, glamorous flowers.

Their massive and fragrant flower displays are the reason for their popularity throughout the country. Magnolias make a bold and colorful statement in the landscape that gets better each year. Magnolia is a robust, disease-resistant tree that can handle urban pollution, so don’t be afraid to use them in your city garden.

How Do You Care for Your Magnolia Trees?

Magnolia trees will do well in your garden, provided they’re in the right environmental conditions. Always pick a variety that’s appropriate for your climate and plant your tree in an area with moist, fertile soil. To encourage root growth, it’s also a good idea to add magnolia tree fertilizer into the mix. You may also consider mulching around your magnolia tree to help retain soil moisture.

Once established, magnolia tree care and maintenance are relatively simple. Prune your magnolia tree in the early spring before new growth starts to form. Magnolia tree fertilizing should take place in the early spring as the flower buds begin to grow. When mowing, be sure not to let the blades or debris from your lawnmower hit the trunk of your magnolia tree, as magnolia bark is easily damaged.

Be sure to watch out for any magnolia tree growth problems, which will often manifest as thinned-out blooms or foliage dieback.

Remember, all magnolia trees do not bloom at the same time. Some may bloom in early spring and some bloom in early summer. Depending on what kind of Magnolia you’re interested in, it affects the length of time you will have flowers.

An excellent example of this is the Little Gem Magnolia, also known as the Southern Magnolia. It usually begins blooming in May or late June in most areas. Summer flowering magnolias generally bloom for two to three weeks while spring-flowering magnolias bloom for one to 2 weeks.

Contact Garden Goods Direct Today to Buy Your Magnolia Tree

Magnolia trees growing are stunning additions to any landscape but can be tricky to establish. For quality trees and professional assistance in your gardening efforts, choose Garden Goods Direct.

We promise our customers only the best quality magnolia trees on the market — each one is personally approved by Woodie or one of his assistants before shipping, so you know you’re getting a quality tree every time. As America’s number one online garden center, we provide excellent service and a secure online ordering solution, so you get your tree delivered straight to your door.

Order your magnolia tree from Garden Goods Direct today!

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