Lily of the valley uses

How did Walt administer Lily of the Valley to Brock?

Now I’ve heard two different versions of the story.

  • Walt “snuck” it into Brock’s juicebox while he was at school, or something of the sort. Gilligan himself stated that it was left up to the imagination of the viewer.


I’ve heard another theory and there is so much pointing to it being true. That is:

  • When Jesse ran into Saul’s office and Huell groped at his pockets, “searching him”, Huell switched out the cigarettes with ricin in them with a real box of cigarettes. Saul then gave the Lily to Brock in one of his household visits.

I can back this up too. At the end of S05E01, Walt is growling at Saul for not being there for him. At this point, Saul pulls out a tube in a ziploc bag. He claims that Huell’s “hotdog fingers” could’ve damaged the tube and killed everyone in the office.

So Huell DID have the ricin at one point! Saul goes on to say that he didn’t know giving the kid the Lily would put him in the hospital.

To wrap up: The show points to the second theory being correct in a few different ways. SO, why did Gilligan say that Walt just walked over to the schoolhouse and slipped it in? Why wouldn’t he tell us that the answer IS in fact, in the show??

EDIT: Fixes.


Major Interaction

Do not take this combination


  • Calcium supplements interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley can stimulate the heart. Calcium might also affect the heart. Taking lily-of-the-valley along with calcium might cause the heart to be too stimulated. Do not take lily-of-the-valley along with calcium supplements.

  • Digoxin (Lanoxin) interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Digoxin (Lanoxin) helps the heart beat more strongly. Lily-of-the-valley also seems to affect the heart. Taking lily-of-the-valley along with digoxin can increase the effects of digoxin and increase the risk of side effects. Do not take lily-of-the-valley if you are taking digoxin (Lanoxin) without talking to your healthcare professional.

  • Medications for inflammation (Corticosteroids) interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley might affect the heart. Some medications for inflammation can decrease potassium in the body. Low potassium levels can also affect the heart and increase the risk of side effects from lily-of-the-valley.<br><nb>Some medications for inflammation include dexamethasone (Decadron), hydrocortisone (Cortef), methylprednisolone (Medrol), prednisone (Deltasone), and others.

  • Quinine interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley can affect the heart. Quinine can also affect the heart. Taking quinine along with lily-of-the-valley might cause serious heart problems.

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination


  • Antibiotics (Macrolide antibiotics) interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley can affect the heart. Some antibiotics might increase how much lily-of-the-valley the body absorbs. Taking lily-of-the-valley along with some antibiotics might increase the effects and side effects of lily-of-the-valley.<br><nb>Some antibiotics called macrolide antibiotics include erythromycin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin.

  • Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics) interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Taking some antibiotics called tetracycline antibiotics along with lily-of-the-valley might increase the chance of side effects from lily-of-the-valley.<br><nb>Some tetracycline antibiotics include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin).

  • Lithium interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley might have an effect like a water pill or “diuretic.” Taking lily-of-the-valley might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.

  • Stimulant laxatives interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley can affect the heart. The heart uses potassium. Laxatives called stimulant laxatives can decrease potassium levels in the body. Low potassium levels can increase the chance of side effects from lily-of-the-valley.<br><nb>Some stimulant laxatives include bisacodyl (Correctol, Dulcolax), cascara, castor oil (Purge), senna (Senokot), and others.

  • Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY

    Lily-of-the-valley might affect the heart. “Water pills” can decrease potassium in the body. Low potassium levels can also affect the heart and increase the risk of side effects from lily-of-the-valley.<br><nb>Some “water pills” that can deplete potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others.

Lily of the Valley: Convallaria Majalis, May Lily, Our Lady’s Tears, Convall-lily, Lily Constancy, Ladder-to-Heaven, Jacob’s Ladder, Male Lily


Lily of the Valley originated in England, but is naturalized throughout North America and Northern Asia. It was used to treat cases of poison gassing on the front lines. It has been used as a cardiac tonic and a diuretic. It has also been recommended for cardiac debility and dropsy. Russian peasant long used it to treat dropsy. It slows the disturbed action of a weak, irritable heart, at the same time increasing its power and is a perfectly safe remedy.

Lily of the Valley is a valued cardiac tonic and a diuretic. Its effect is closely related to Digitalis; however, it is less powerful. It is recommended for the treatment of congestive heart failure. It slows the action of a weak heart while strengthening it. A decoction of the flowers has been useful in removing obstructions in the urinary tract. It is also a suitable substitute for aloe because of its purgative qualities. It is most commonly administered in tincture, decoctions, fluid extracts, and the flowers are sometime made into powders. The medical products produced from Lily of the Valley; however, have been replaced due to new technology and better heart medications. It is also commonly used in many perfumes, potpourris and other fragrances.


Lily of the Valley should be used under qualified supervision. Sixty to 200 milligrams used in infusions and with dried leaves. The liquid extract in a one to one ratio with 25% alcohol is commonly used between 0.6 mL. to two milliliter. Two tinctures are also used. One is in a one to five ratio with 40% alcohol and is used between 0.6 mL. and one milliliter. The other tincture is in a one to eight ratio with 60% alcohol and is used between 0.3 mL. and 1.2 mL.

Lily of the Valley Potpourri

1/2 pint dried lily of the valley petals
1 pint dried petunia blossoms
4 oz dried rose blossoms
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 oz orris root powder

Lily of the Valley Cardiac/ Tonic

½ Oz. Lily Of The Valley L
1 Pnt. Water, Distilled Pure H20
1 Ea. Bottle, Brown/Actinic



A cardiac tonic and diuretic, closely resembling in valvular heart disease, cardiac debility, and dropsy. It slows the disturbed action of a weak, irritated heart while, at the same time, increasing its power.

PROCESS INSTRUCTIONS: Place the Herb in the water and bring to boiling point; simmer 5 minutes, cool, strain, bottle and keep in a cool dark place.

ADULT SERVING: Take in tablespoonful doses.

CHILD SERVING: Children, in proportion to age. SPECIAL NOTES: Where there is no symptoms of diabetes, most of these recipes may be harmonized or be made more palatable by adding brown sugar or honey and, in case the recipe needs to be kept for some time, add 1 2 Oz. of the best grade glycerin (as a preservative) to 16 Oz. of tea.

Contraindications/Interactions/Adverse Reactions:

Lily of the Valley is very poisonous. It contains many poisonous glycosides. They cause some adverse effects such as: abdominal pain, headache, irregular heartbeats, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, constant urination and maybe even hallucinations.

References Cited:

“About Lily of the Valley.” Demand Media. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

“Convallaria majalis.” Purple Sage Botanicals, 25 Sept. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

“Convallatoxin.” 9 Sept. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

Grieve. “Lily of the Valley.” Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

“Herb Recipe Manual.” 27 Apr. 2004. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

“Lily of the Valley, May Lily.” Thinkquest, 2000. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

“Sachet Recipes.” Soft Memories. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

Steinbergs, A. “Lily of the Valley.” 13 Oct. 2008. Web. 20 Oct. 2009.

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Lily of the Valley

Scientific Name: Convallaria majalis L.

What it is called in other languages: German: Lilienkonvallen. French: Muguet. Spanish: Lirio de Los Valles. Italian: Mughetto.

Habitat: The plant is native to Europe and has been introduced into the U.S. and northern Asia.

Flowering: Lily of the Valley flowers from May to June.


Flower and Fruit: The flowers are in racemes nodding to one side, usually with a triangular penduncle. The tips are hemispheric, campanulate. 6-petalled with ovoid revolute tips. The perigone is white or pink. The stamens are attached to the base of the perigone. The fruit is a bright red, globular berry with 2 blue seeds. The plant is autosterile. (PDR, p.475)

Leaves, Stem and Root: The 15 to 20 cm high plant has 2 to 3 leaves at the tip of the runner-like, branched rhizome. The leaves are elliptoid and acute. They taper to a long, sharp petiole at the base, which is clasped by a membranous sheath. (PDR, p.475)


Cardio-active glycosides, flavonoid glycosides: Cardioactive steroid glycosides (cardenolides): varying according to geographical source, chief glycoside convallatoxin (western and northwestern Europe), convalloside (northern and eastern Europe), or convallatoxin + convalla toxol (central Europe) (PDR, p.475)

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the Valley)

Medicinal Parts

The medicinal parts are the dried flower tips and the dried inflorescence, the Lily-of-the-Valley herb, the dried root rhizome with the roots, the flowering aerial parts and the whole, fresh, flowering plant. (PDR for Herbal Medicines, p.475)


Lily of the Valley increases force of the heart, regularises the beat for distension of the ventricles. Restores an irritable heart. Increases size and strength of the pulse; slows down a rapid feeble pulse; restores regular deep breathing. Is a secondary diuretic which eliminates fluid retained in the tissues (oedema), leaving no depression or depletion of potassium. Cardiac stimulant. Mild gastric tonic. (Bartram)

For valvular heart disease, mitral stenosis, lack of cardiac muscular tone, and general debility of heart action; apoplexy (dissolves the blood clot); dropsy (drives out the water); poisoned wounds, ulcers, cancers (softens hard cancers); purulent ophthalmia, inflammatory skin disease and loss of memory. (Dr. Shook p.340)

Similar action on the heart as digitalis. (Martindale 27th edn., p.489)

Dr. Edward Shooks wrote in his Advanced Treatise in Herbalism:

“When we consider that it contains POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, the great solvent of fibrinous and catarrhal matter; CALCIUM CHLORIDE, the great heart remedy; IRON CHLORIDE, which has cleared up all kinds of growths, varicose ulcers and veins, tumors, lupoid ulcers, cancers, ulcerated gums, gangrene, and has effectually stopped alarming hemorrhage, etc; POTASSIUM SULPHATE, the carrier of oxygen and sulphur to the skin and epithelial cells, renewing their vitality; SODIUM SULPHATE, which carries excess water out of the blood and tissues; and CHLOROPHYLL, the great stabilizer and healer.”


Keynote: Heart.

The Lily of the Valley is used for left ventricular failure, mitral insufficiency, sense that “the chest is held in a vice”. Congestive heart failure, endocarditis, cardiac dropsy with swollen ankles, cardiac asthma, renal hypertension. Effective in painful and silent ischaemic episodes and bradycardia.

Lily of the Valley is considered most effective with regards to cardiac paresis, palpitation, arhythmia, mitral constriction and insufficiency, dilatations, and cardiac dropsy (Blair, © 1907).

Ellingwood wrote of the uses of this herb (Ellingwood, p.150):

“In palpitation resulting from a state of exhaustion of the pneumogastric nerves—cardiac paresis, the most frequent source of palpitations.

In simple cardiac arrhythmia, with or without hypertrophy of the heart, with or without lesions of the orifices or valves of the heart.

In mitral constriction, especially when it is accompanied by failure of compensation on the part of the left auricle and right ventricle, the
contractile force augments visibly under the convallaria, as the sphygmograph testifies.

In mitral insufficiency, especially where there are pulmonary congestions, and when, as a consequence, there is dyspnea, with or without nervous trouble of the respiration.

In dilatation of the left ventricle, without compensatory hypertrophy, it restores energy of the heart, which tends to become more and more feeble and dilated. In dilatations of the heart, with or without fatty degeneration, with or without sclerosis of muscular tissue, the
indications for convallaria majalis are clear.

In all cardiac affections indifferently, from the moment that watery infiltrations appear, convallaria has an action evident, prompt and

Lily of the Valley is also approved by Europe’s Commission E for the following conditions:
• Arrhythmia
• Cardiac insufficiency NYHA I and II
• Nervous heart complaints

Dr. Sebi on the Lily of the Valley
In this video Dr. Sebi spoke of using the Lily of the Valley for a patient suffering from congestive heart failure, he also mentioned the value of the herb in addressing breast cancer.

Other Herbalists On the Use of the Lily of the Valley
Dr. Christopher considers the Lily of the Valley an effective remedy for blood poisoning (Herballegacy .com):

“When we have a case of blood poisoning in a specific area of the body resulting from the sting of an insect, bee, hornet, or black widow spider, the bite of a “mad” dog, or infection from a cut or sliver, we need a powerful blood purifier that will give immediate relief to that area. Plantain (Plantago Major), Lily of the Valley leaves (Convallaria Majalis), and the common Lilac leaves have this power of purifying the blood stream in such an isolated area.”

He also considered it an effective remedy for dropsy with heart involvement.

Of the lily of the valley Culpepper wrote (Culpeper, pg.214) :

“The distilled water dropped into the eyes help with inflammation there. The spirit of the flowers distilled in wine, restores speech, helps the palsy, and is good in the apoplexy, and comforts the heart and vital spirits. It is also of service in disorders of the head and nerves, such as epilepsy, vertigo, and convulsions of all kind; swimming in the head; and are made use of in errhines and cephalic snuff.”

Preparation of the Lily of the Valley

An infusion of the whole plant is an active and satisfactory preparation. The root is more commonly employed, and should, preferably, be worked in a recent state. The solid extract is usually unsatisfactory (Blair, © 1907).

Combines well with Motherwort and Selenicereus grandiflorus for heart disease BHP (1983). With Echinacea and Poke root for endocarditis. Never combine with Gotu Kola. (Dr. John Heinerman, Texas, USA)


Maximum dose: 150mg dried leaf. Thrice daily. (Bartram)
Tea: 1 teaspoon shredded leaves to each cup water gently simmered 10 minutes. One-third of a cup.(Bartram)

Liquid Extract BPC 1934: dose: 0.3-0.6ml (5 to 10 drops).

Tincture BHP (1983): 1:5 in 40 per cent alcohol; dose – 0.5 to 1ml (8 to 15 drops).(Bartram)

Juice. Fresh leaves passed through a juicer. 3-5 drops thrice daily. (Bartram)

Storage: The preparations should be stored in well-sealed containers and protected from light.


Contra-indicated in high blood pressure.

Precautions and Adverse Reactions

General: Health risks following the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages are not recorded. Nausea, vomiting, headache, stupor, disorders of color perception and cardiac arrhythmias can occur as side effects, particularly with an overdosage.

Drug Interactions: The simultaneous administration of quinidine, digoxin, calcium salts, saluretics, laxatives and glucocorticoids enhances effects and side effects.


Bartram’s Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine, by Thomas Bartram
A Practitioner’s Handbook Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics, Based Upon Established Physiological Actions And The Indications In Small Doses.
To Which Is Added Some Pharmaceutical Data And The Most Important Therapeutic Developments Of Sectarian Medicine As Explained Along Rational Lines. By Thos. S. Blair, M. D. (Copyright, 1907. By J. J. Taylor)
Herbal Legacy
Culpeper’s Complete Herbal by Nicholas Culpeper
Advanced Course in Herbology Dr. Edward Shook Copyright 1974 by George Cervilla
American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy (1919), by Finley Ellingwood, M.D.

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    • Tagged with: Dr Sebi on Lily of the Valley, Heart, Heart disease, Heart health, Heart herbs, Lily of the Valley, Lily of the Valley uses, Remedy for the heart

      Learn The Bible

      This is not a question I have ever had before. I have had to do a bit of research. In my simplicity, I had always looked on Easter lilies as a harmless decoration people would use in the spring. I had never considered its traditional and historical significance. I was surprised by what I found. But first, let’s look at your questions–you indeed you have asked three different questions: 1)What is the lily of the valley in the Bible? 2)What is the Easter lily? 3)Are they the same? We will look at each question in turn.


      The Bible mentions lilies 15 times in 15 different verses. Of these 15 mentions, 8 of them occur in the Song of Solomon. Perhaps the most memorable verses are the following:

      • Song of Solomon 2:1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.
        See All… I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.
      • Song of Solomon 2:2As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.
        See All… As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.
      • Song of Solomon 6:2My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
        See All… My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
      • Hosea 14:5I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
        See All… I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
      • Matthew 6:28And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:
        See All… And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: 29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

      Here in these verses, we see several things about the lilies of the Bible. They grow in the valleys and in the field. They may even grow among thorns. Sometimes, they are cultivated to grow in planted gardens. In speaking of God’s blessing on Israel, Hosea states that “he shall grow as the lily.” This indicates that the lily grows rapidly and commonly in many places.

      The many places the lily is found in the Bible (valleys, fields, gardens, among thorns) shows the lily to be a common representation of a wide variety of flowers. This is similar to the usage of lily in English. The dictionary says that the lily is a large genus of perennial plants of the lily family grown from a bulb and having typically trumpet-shaped flowers, some white and some colored. Several plants that are similar to the true lily are also called lilies. In like manner, the biblical lily would refer to a large range of flowering plants that normally grew in the wild fields and covered the valleys at certain times of the year.

      Most Bible students agree that the “lily of the valleys” in Song of Solomon 2:1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.
      See All… is a type of Jesus Christ. Benjamin Keach, in his books on types, gives five comparisons between the lily of the valley and the Lord Jesus Christ. Here are his points summarized:

      1. A lily is a sweet and a flagrant flower with a strong scent. Jesus has a sweetness in His ministry especially when He gave “himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour” (Ephesians 5:2And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
        See All…).
      2. A lily is white and very beautiful; exceeding all other flowers for whiteness. Within it are seven grains or seeds that are the color of gold. White is a picture of purity (Revelation 3:4Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
        See All…). The bride of the Lamb will be clothed in white (Revelation 19:8And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
        See All…). What better representation of the purity of Jesus Christ, the one “who knew no sin” (2 Corinthians 5:21For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
        See All…), who “did no sin” (1 Peter 2:22Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
        See All…), who was tempted “yet without sin” (Hebrews 4:15For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
        See All…), and who “in him is no sin” (1 John 3:5And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.
        See All…), than a beautiful white lily? “For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens” (Hebrews 7:26For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
        See All…).
      3. A lily is very fruitful. One root may put forth fifty bulbs. Through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, He brings forth much fruit (John 12:24Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
        See All…). It is by bearing much fruit that He glorified the Father (John 15:8Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
        See All…).
      4. A lily, according to the ancient writer Pliny, is the tallest of flowers and yet hangs its head down. This a beautiful picture of the greatness of the Son of God matched only by the greatness of His humility. “Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross” (Philippians 2:6-8 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, Woe to him that increaseth that which is not his! how long? and to him that ladeth himself with thick clay! Shall they not rise up suddenly that shall bite thee, and awake that shall vex thee, and thou shalt be for booties unto them? Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all the remnant of the people shall spoil thee; because of men’s blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
        See All…).
      5. The lily has many medicinal qualities. According to ancient teaching, it could be used to restore a lost voice, help faintness, was good for the liver, and helped dropsy. The Lord Jesus Christ is the great physician and is fully capable of curing all diseases and maladies of the soul.

      Certainly, the lily of the valleys is a beautiful picture and type of the Lord Jesus Christ.


      The Easter Lily as we know it today (Latin: Lilium longiforum) is native to the southern islands of Japan. In the 1880’s it was widely cultivated in Bermuda and bulbs were shipped to the United States. The United States replace Japan is the major source for the Easter Lily during the Second World War. The Easter Lily requires three or four years of close care and just the right mixture of climate and soil in order to produce the quality expected by people today. As such, an area on the border of California and Oregon became known as the Easter Lily capital of the world. The Easter Lily has become the traditional flower of Easter and it is considered a symbol of the resurrection. For many, the beautiful white flowers of the lily symbolize purity, life, good, innocence, and hope.


      Although we are free to make the connection between Christ as the lily of the valley and the Easter lily, those who are looking for support from historical traditions are likely to be disappointed. Poetry and mythology from around the world use the beautiful white flowers of the lily in symbolic ways. Many ancient allegories connect the flower with motherhood. One fable tells us that the lily sprang from the milk of Hera, the mythological Queen of Heaven. This may explain why the lily is so closely associated with Mary in Roman Catholic tradition.

      In early paintings, the Angel Gabriel is seen handing a bouquet of white lilies to the Virgin Mary. In other paintings, the saints are bringing vessels full of lilies to Mary and the baby Jesus. In another legend, a visit to the tomb of Mary three days after her burial found nothing in the tomb except large bunches of lovely lilies. Artists have often used the lily to represent the Resurrection of Mary. The white petals of the lily are said to represent the spotless body of the Virgin Mary and its golden anthers are said to be her soul glowing this heavenly light.


      Clearly, the Easter Lily has a mixed history. Since I reject both the sinlessness and the resurrection of Mary, I could not use the flower in its traditional sense. It is also certain that the lily symbology has certain pagan origins. For this reason, I could not claim biblical evidence for the Easter Lily.

      However, this does not change the fact that the lily was used as a type of Jesus Christ in the Bible. The typology is beautiful and powerful. Therefore, although I cannot support the Easter Lily as a biblical tradition, I can still use the lily to picture the sweetness, purity, fruitfulness, humility, and healing qualities of Jesus Christ. As long as we can distinguish between the two, the biblical type can be of great value.

      On the other hand, I do not see a purpose in bashing the Easter Lily. When it is used, emphasize the Bible typology as found in the lily of the valley and point people to Jesus Christ. However, do not look to tradition as a support for a biblical meaning. It is just not there.

      Sources: Because of the factual nature of this article, I will have some wording that is very close to that in my sources. Here, I freely give those sources:

      Lexicon I
      אֲנִי֙ (’ă·nî)
      Pronoun – first person common singular
      Strong’s Hebrew 589: I
      am a rose
      חֲבַצֶּ֣לֶת (ḥă·ḇaṣ·ṣe·leṯ)
      Noun – feminine singular construct
      Strong’s Hebrew 2261: Meadow saffron or crocus
      of Sharon,
      הַשָּׁר֔וֹן (haš·šā·rō·wn)
      Article | Noun – proper – feminine singular
      Strong’s Hebrew 8289: Sharon — a plain on the Mediterranean Sea, perhaps also a region East of the Jordan
      a lily
      שֽׁוֹשַׁנַּ֖ת (šō·wō·šan·naṯ)
      Noun – common singular construct
      Strong’s Hebrew 7799: A lily, as a, flower of architectural ornament, a, trumpet
      of the valley.
      הָעֲמָקִֽים׃ (hā·‘ă·mā·qîm)
      Article | Noun – masculine plural
      Strong’s Hebrew 6010: A vale

      (1) The rose.–Heb., chabatseleth. The identification of this flower is a much vexed question. From its derivation, it should be a bulbous plant (batsal–a bulb), and it happens that the flower which for other reasons best satisfies the requirements is of this kind, viz., the Sweet-scented Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta). “Others have suggested the crocus, of which there are many species very common, but they are deficient in perfume, and there is no bulb more fragrant than the narcissus; it is, besides, one of which the Orientals arc passionately fond. While it is in flower it is to be seen in all the bazaars, and the men as well as the women always carry two or three blossoms, at which they are continually smelling” (Tristram, Nat. Hist. of Bible, p. 477). Dr. Thomson prefers the mallow, from the fact that the Arabs call it khubbazey. In Isaiah 35:1, the only other place where chabatseleth occurs, the LXX., Vulg., and Chaldee render “lily,” and many eminent moderns “autumn crocus.” Here the LXX. and the Vulg. have flower.

      Of Sharon.–Better, of the plain, as in the LXX. Here (as invariably except 1Chronicles 5:16) the Hebrew has the article before sharon, but without definite local allusion to the district north of Philistia. The verse is by many taken as a snatch of a song into which the heroine breaks in answer to the eulogies on her beauty. It is certainly spoken with modest and lowly intention: “I am a mere flower of the plain, a lily of the valley;” by no means like Tennyson’s “Queen lily and rose in one.”

      Lily.–So the LXX. and Vulg.; Heb., shoshanath (fem. of shoshan, or sh-shan; comp. name Susan), a word occurring seven times in the poem, three times in 1 Kings 7, and in the headings to Psalms 45, 60, 69, 80. The Arabs have the word, and apply it to any brilliantly coloured flower, as the tulip, anemone, ranunculus. Although many plants of the lily tribe flourish in Palestine, none of them give a predominant character to the flora. There are, however, many other plants which would in popular language be called lilies. Of these, the Irises may claim the first mention; and Dr. Thomson (Land and Book, p. 256) unhesitatingly fixes on one, which he calls Huleh Lily, or the Lily of the Gospel and of the Song of Songs. “Our flower,” he says, “delights most in the valleys, but it is also found in the mountains. It grows among thorns, and I have sadly lacerated my hands while extricating it from them. . . . Gazelles still delight to feed among them, and you can scarcely ride through the woods north of Tabor, where these lilies abound, without frightening them from their flowery pasture.” Tristram, however, prefers the Anemone (A. coronaria), “the most gorgeously painted, the most conspicuous in spring, and the most universally spread of all the treasures of the Holy Land” (Nat. Hist. of Bible, p. 464).

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      What Is the Meaning of Lily of the Valley?

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      Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is a fragrant flowering plant used in religious ceremonies, world celebrations, perfumes and in gardens. Also known as the May lily, it means “return to happiness” and most often symbolizes chastity, purity, happiness, luck and humility. Its meaning and symbolism are represented in Christian lore and folklore, on May Day, weddings and birthdays, and in various celebrations throughout the world.

      Christian Lore

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      In the Bible, lily of the valley is mentioned 15 times, most often in the Song of Solomon. Since the flower blooms so early in springtime, in Christianity it represents the Second Coming of Christ. It also symbolizes Eve’s tears shed after she was extradited from the garden of Eden, Jacob’s tears for his weeping over Rachel and Joseph, and the Virgin Mary’s tears, or our lady’s tears, for the tears shed by Mary at the cross of Christ, tears believed to have turned into the flower.


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      Lily of the valley is supposed to protect gardens from evil spirits and is known to have been used as a charm against witches’ spells. It is also considered the flower of fairies, its tiny bells used as cups from which to drink. Some European countries believe lily of the valley prompts visions of heaven, aiding man to see a brighter future. In Germany and Scandinavia, the flower is a springtime symbol of good luck. In England, when St. Leonard of Sussex fought his grievous great battle with a dragon during the sixth century, as a commemoration to his efforts, the flowers are believed to have sprung from the ground where his blood spilled. It is also believed that the flower is in honor of Maia, the daughter of the mythological Atlas. Alternatively, some believe the flower is bad luck and should only be used on graves, in honor of death.

      World Celebration

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      On May 1, 1561, King Charles IX received lily of the valley as a gift of luck and continued the tradition every first of May by giving the women of his court this fragrant flower. Today, every year in France, bunches of lily of the valley are sold on streets. In some cities, on May Day, folks wear a sprig in their clothing. The flower is also a symbol used on International Worker’s Day (also known as May Day), or Labor Day as it is known in the United States. The Finnish girl’s name Kielo means lily of the valley. It is also Finland’s national flower. The May 1 Pagan Festival of Beltane uses lily of the valley in its celebrations.

      Birthdays and Weddings

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      Convallaria magalis means “that which belongs to May,” making lily of the valley the recognized flower of the month of May, and thus, May birthdays. It is also the official flower of the zodiac sign Gemini. As a symbol of chastity, purity, modesty and happiness, lily of the valley has been a popular wedding flower since the Middle Ages. According to legend, its strong fragrance lures the nightingale to find his mate. For some brides, the flower is the fifth item carried during a wedding, along with something old, new, borrowed and blue. In Holland, the flower is planted in a newlywed couple’s garden as a symbol of the renewal of love.

      Alternate Names

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      Other names for the lily of the valley are Mary’s tears, May bells, Jacob’s ladder, ladder to heaven, convall lily, May lily, lily constancy, our lady’s tears, muguet and convallaria.

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