Lily of the valley seed

Lily Of The Valley Seed Pod – Tips On Planting Lily Of The Valley Berries

Lily of the valley plants have Old World charm with their dainty dangling blooms and arching foliage. The berries on lily of the valley and all other parts of the plant are poisonous if you eat them. They are pretty when they turn deeply red and add interest among the dark green strappy leaves. But can you plant lily of the valley berries? Certainly, but the easiest and quickest way to start the plants is by division. Still want to try it? Let’s learn how to prepare the seed and when to plant lily of the valley berries for the best chance of success.

When are Berries on Lily of the Valley Ready?

If you wish to try starting lily of the valley plants from seed, you should be aware of one important fact: lily of the valley seed toxicity. Those little lily of the valley seed pods are extremely dangerous to have around pets and children. Since they are so easy to just divide, planting lily of the valley berries is the slow way to go for more plants. Germination is capricious and the seeds must be used as soon as possible and should be ripe.

Viable seed must come from ripe berries. The green berries will turn red and then gradually shrivel and turn rusty brown

when they are ripe. Waiting for the seeds to ripen can be an exercise in futility, because birds and other wild animals don’t seem to mind their toxic reputation.

To give them a chance to ripen, place small mesh or fabric bags over the stems where the berries are. They will protect the berries from insects and animals and allow air and light to circulate through. Check berries on lily of the valley every week until you see them shriveled and darkened. Then it’s time to harvest.

Separating Seed from Lily of the Valley Seed Pods

The dried berries can be hard to open without crushing the seed. Soak them in warm water for an hour to plump up the berries and then carefully excise away the flesh. Use gloves to prevent any of the poisonous flesh or juice from getting on your hands. There will be 1 to 3 seeds per pod. The seeds do not store well so planting lily of the valley berries quickly is important to success.

Choose a lightly shaded area and work soil at least 6 inches deep. Incorporate generous amounts of leaf litter or compost to enhance drainage and fertility. Remove weeds and other debris and rake the bed smooth.

Plant the seeds 1/4 inch deep and firm the soil over them. Keep the area moderately moist. Keep a watch on the little plants for the next few years. Slugs, cutworms and other insect pests will likely find the succulent new stems delicious. Don’t expect flowers for several years.

Alternatives to Planting Lily of the Valley Berries

Now that you know how much work it can be, the question isn’t, can you plant lily of the valley berries, but should you? Dividing the pips or rhizomes is the fastest way to increase your stock of plants. Division should be done in fall when the plants are dormant.

Dig up a patch of lily of the valley and pull away the little offsets. Plant pips 2 inches under the soil with the stem area up. Mulch over the area to protect the little plants. In late winter to early spring, pull away the mulch so new sprouts will have an easier time coming up.

New plants will have flowers the following year. If you prefer the challenge of planting the berries, it can be an interesting project. Due to the variability of seed germination, you can always fall back on division to increase your crop of these darling little white bell flowers.

Lily of the valley

Lily of the valley, (Convallaria majalis), fragrant perennial herb and only species of the genus Convallaria in the asparagus family (Asparagaceae). Native to Eurasia and eastern North America, lily of the valley is cultivated in shaded garden areas in many temperate parts of the world. The plants often grow closely together, forming a dense mat, and are sometimes used as ground cover.

Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)© Nell Bolen—The National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers

Lily of the valley has nodding white bell-shaped flowers that are borne in a cluster on one side of a leafless stalk. The glossy leaves, usually two, are located at the base of the plant. The fruit is a red berry. The plant spreads vegetatively by means of both rhizomes and stolons that creep horizontally below the ground or along the top of the soil. All parts of the plant contain cardiac glycosides and are poisonous to humans, pets, and other animals if ingested.

lily of the valleyLily of the valley (Convallaria majalis).Walter Chandoha

May – Lily of the valley

Lily-of-the-Valley is an old-fashioned perennial that looks so delicate with its tiny bell shaped flowers. There is not anything delicate about this hardy shade-lover. Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria majalis) is a tough-as-nails perennial that will keep going after many others fail to thrive.

It is one of the few perennials that can grow in the deep shade of large trees and shrubs. Lily-of-the-Valley also makes a good choice in small contained spaces. In areas where temperatures remain cooler in summer, it can even take full sun. This hardy perennial isn’t very particular about the soil it’s planted in.

Lily-of-the-Valley can spread quickly by underground stems called rhizomes. Although each plant only has two or three wide and glossy leaves, it makes a beautiful ground cover in masses.

The somewhat tropical looking leaves of this perennial belie its ability to survive sub-zero temperatures. Lily-of-the-Valley is hardy in USDA Zones 2 – 7.

Even after the spring blooms fade, the leaves remain beautiful until fall and cover areas where other plants fail. The Lilly-of-the-Valley’s blooms are very fragrant. That’s just one more added benefit of this tough and reliable perennial.

One of the ways Lily-of-the-Valley is sold at garden centers is by sprouts from the rhizomes called pips. These rhizome sprouts should be planted in the spring. This perennial is also available in container grown plants that can be planted anytime during the growing season.

This tough perennial can spread quickly, so planting it in beds with other flowers is not a good idea. It will overtake the other plants and become a problem. Lilly-of-the-Valley will need a place that is enclosed with edging or other barriers to contain its spread.

The container grown plants need to be spaced six to eight inches apart or the sprouts (pips) can be planted three to four inches apart. Lilly-of-the-Valley can also become invasive in natural forest areas, so take care if planting near natural woodlands.

Although Lilly-of-the-Valley is not that particular about soil, it prefers areas that are moist and well drained. During periods of drought, adding mulch to these perennials along with occasional watering will keep them happy. If they are growing under shrubs and trees, a yearly application of fertilizer can be beneficial.

Lilly-of-the-Valley is not susceptible to insects. Sometimes during very rainy seasons they can begin to get leaf spot and stem rot. Remove and destroy the infected parts as soon as they’re noticed. It also helps to remove the dead foliage before the new growth begins in spring. Occasionally these perennials will need to be divided to encourage better blooming.

Lilly-of -the-Valley is a nice combination with early blooming spring bulbs such as daffodils. Daffodils are gorgeous in bloom, but the leaves can’t be cut back until they begin to wither. Lilly-of-the-Valley’s beautiful green leaves can help hide the bulbs leaves when they no longer look attractive. It also is a good combination with Hosta and grows well underneath azaleas, rhododendrons and deciduous trees. Lilly-of-the-Valley can grow underneath evergreen trees as well. They will perform better if the evergreen trees have branches that are high and less dense.

Most Lilly-of-the-Valley perennials are low growing plants that only reach about 8 inches tall. The white flowers grow on stalks about 4 or 5 inches tall from the center of the plant. There are a few other choices. One is the beautiful pink blossomed variety called Rosea. A taller variety called Fortin’s Giant grows about 12 inches tall.

Some varieties of Lilly-of-the-Valley has unusual variegated leaves. A cultivar named Variegata have dappled leaves and Albostriata has leaves with white stripes. There is also a variegated cultivar called Aureovariegata that has yellow stripes in the leaves.

( Note: All parts of Lilly-of-the-Valley are poisonous if ingested)

Above is an excerpt from: Gardening Tips: Lily-of-the-Valley is a Hardy Shade-Loving Perennial

Lily-of-the-Valley

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Botanical: Convallaria magalis (LINN.)
Family: N.O. Liliaceae

—Synonyms—May Lily. Convallaria. Our Lady’s Tears. Convall-lily. Lily Constancy. Ladder-to-Heaven. Jacob’s Ladder. Male Lily.
—Parts Used—Flowers, leaves, whole herb.
—Habitat—It is a native of Europe, being distributed also over North America and Northern Asia, but in England it is very local as a wild flower. In certain districts it is to be found in abundance, but in many parts it is quite unknown. It is rare in Scotland and doubtfully native and only naturalized in Ireland. It grows mostly in the dryer parts of woods – especially ash woods – often forming extensive patches, and is by no means peculiar to valleys, though both the English and botanical names imply that it is so.

Culpepper reports that in his time these little Lilies grew plentifully on Hampstead Heath, but Green, writing about 100 years ago, tells us that ‘since the trees on Hampstead Heath, near London, have been destroyed, it has been but sparingly found there.’

The Lily-of-the-Valley, with its broad leaves and fragrant little, nodding, white, bell-shaped flowers, is familiar to everyone.

—Description—In early spring days, the creeping rhizome, or underground stem, sends up quill-like shoots emerging from a scaly sheath. As they lengthen and uncoil, they are seen to consist of two leaves, their stalks sheathing one within the other, rising directly from the rhizome on long, narrowing foot-stalks, one leaf often larger than the other. The plain, oval blades, with somewhat concave surfaces, are deeply ribbed and slant a little backwards, thus catching the rain and conducting it by means of the curling-in base of the leaf, as though in a spout, straight down the foot-stalk to the root. At the back of the leaves, lightly enclosed at the base in the same scaly sheath, is the flower-stalk, quite bare of leaves itself and bearing at its summit a number of buds, greenish when young, each on a very short stalk, which become of the purest white, and as they open turn downwards, the flowers hanging, like a pearl of fairy bells, each bell with the edges turned back with six small scallops. The six little stamens are fastened inside the top of the bell, and in the centre hangs the ovary. There is no free honey in the little flowers, but a sweet, juicy sap is stored in a tissue round the base of the ovary and proves a great attraction to bees, who also visit the flower to collect its pollen and who play an important part in the fertilization of the flowers.

By September, the flowers have developed into scarlet berries, each berry containing vermilion flesh round a pale, hard seed. Though the plant produces fruit freely under cultivation, its propagation is mainly effected by its quickly-creeping underground stem, and in the wild state its fruit rarely comes to maturity. Its specific name, Majalis, or Maialis, signifies ‘that which belongs to May,’ and the old astrological books place the plant under the dominion of Mercury, since Maia, the daughter of Atlas, was the mother of Mercury or Hermes.

There is an old Sussex legend that St. Leonard fought against a great dragon in the w woods near Horsham, only vanquishing it after a mortal combat lasting many hours, during which he received grievous wounds, but wherever his blood fell, Lilies-of-theValley sprang up to commemorate the desperate fight, and these woods, which bear the name of St. Leonard’s Forest to this day, are still thickly carpeted with them.

Legend says that the fragrance of the Lilyof-the-Valley draws the nightingale from hedge and bush, and leads him to choose his mate in the recesses of the glade.

The Lily-of-the-Valley is one of the British-grown plants included in the Pharmacopoeia, and its medicinal virtues have been tested by very long experience. Although not in such general use as the Foxglove, it is still prescribed by physicians with success. Its use dates back to ancient times, for Apuleius in his Herbal written in the fourth century, declares it was found by Apollo and given by him to Æsculapius, the leech.

In recent years it has been largely employed in experiments relating to the forcing of plants by means of anaesthetics such as chloroform and ether. It has been found that the winter buds, placed in the vapour of chloroform for a few hours and then planted, break into leaf and flower considerably before others not tested in this manner, the resulting plants being, moreover, exceptionally fine.

The leaves yield a green dye, with lime water.

—Cultivation—Lily-of-the-Valley is fairly easy to cultivate, preferring well-drained, rich, sandy loam, in moist situations.

Plant towards the end of September. The ground for Lily-of-the-Valley should be thoroughly stirred to a depth of 15 inches, early in September, laying it up rough for a few weeks, then breaking it down and adding some rotten manure, or if that cannot be obtained, some kind of artificial manure must be used, but this is better applied later on, hoeing it in just as growth appears. Plant the crowns about 6 inches apart and work fine, rich soil, with some leaf mould if possible, in between. Leave at least 9 inches between the rows. Keep the crowns well below the surface and above all plant firmly.

In some soils the plants will last longer in the best form than in others, but should be transplanted about every fourth year and in light, porous soils it may be necessary to do so every third year. Periodic transplanting, deep culture and liberal feeding produce fine blooms. Autumn is the best time for remaking beds, which are best done in entirely fresh soil. Cut the roots from the old bed out into tufts 6 inches or 9 inches square, and divide into pieces 3 inches square. Replant the tufts the original 6 inches apart. It is best to prepare the entire beds before replanting. Replanted by October, the crowns will be well settled in by winter rains, and the quality of the spikes will show a marked difference in early spring.

—Parts Used Medicinally—The whole plant, collected when in flower and dried, and also the root, herb and flowers separately. The inflorescence is said to be the most active part of the herb, and is preferred on that account, being the part usually employed.

The flowers are dried on the scape or flower-stalk, the whole stalk being cut before the lowermost flowers are faded. A good price is obtainable for the flowers, and in Lincolnshire, Derbyshire, Westmorland and other counties, where the plant grows freely wild, they would pay for collecting. During the process of drying, the white flowers assume a brownish-yellow tinge, and the fragrant odour almost entirely disappears, being replaced by a somewhat narcotic scent, the taste of the flowers is bitter.

If Lily-of-the-Valley flowers are thrown into oil of sweet almonds or olive oil, they impart to it their sweet smell, but to become really fragrant the infusion has to be repeated a dozen times with the same oil, using fresh flowers for each infusion.

—Constituents—The chief constituents of Lily-of-the-Valley are two glucosides, Convallamarin, the active principle, a white crystalline powder, readily soluble in water and in alcohol, but only slightly in ether, which acts upon the heart like Digitalin, and has also diuretic action, and Convallarin, which is crystalline in prisms, soluble in alcohol, slightly soluble in water and has a purgative action. There are also present a trace of volatile oil, tannin, salts, etc.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—Lily-of-the-Valley is valued as a cardiac tonic anddiuretic. The action of the drug closely resembles that of Digitalis, though it is less powerful; it is used as a substitute and strongly recommended in valvular heart disease, also in cases of cardiac debility and dropsy. It slows the disturbed action of a weak, irritable heart, whilst at the same time increasing its power. It is a perfectly safe remedy. No harm has been known to occur from taking it in full and frequent doses, it being preferable in this respect to Digitalis, which is apt to accumulate in the blood with poisonous results.

It proved most useful in cases of poisonous gassing of our men at the Front.

It is generally administered in the form of a tincture. The infusion of 1/2 OZ. of herb to 1 pint of boiling water is also taken in tablespoonful doses. Fluid extracts are likewise prepared from the rhizome, whole plant and flowers and the flowers have been used in powdered form.

A decoction of the flowers is said to be useful in removing obstructions in the urinary canal, and it has been also recommended as a substitute for aloes, on account of its purgative quality.

Russian peasants have long employed the Lily-of-the-Valley for certain forms of dropsy proceeding from a faulty heart.

Special virtues were once thought to be possessed by water distilled from the flowers, which was known as Aqua aurea (Golden Water), and was deemed worthy to be preserved in vessels of gold and silver. Coles (1657) gives directions for its preparation: ‘Take the flowers and steep them in New Wine for the space of a month; which being finished, take them out again and distil the wine three times over in a Limbeck. The wine is more precious than gold, for if any one that is troubled with apoplexy drink thereof with six grains of Pepper and a little Lavender water they shall not need to fear it that moneth.’ Dodoens (1560) pointed out how this water ‘doth strengthen the Memorie and comforteth the Harte,’ and about the same time, Joachim Camerarius , a renowned physician of Nuremberg, gave a similar prescription, which Gerard quotes, saying that: ‘a Glasse being filled with the flowers of May Lilies and set in an Ant Hill with the mouth close stopped for a month’s space and then taken out, ye shall find a liquor in the glasse which being outwardly applied helps the gout very much.’ This spirit was also considered excellent as an embrocation for sprains, as well as for rheumatism.

We are told by old writers that a decoction of the bruised root, boiled in wine, is good for pestilential fevers, and that bread made of barley meal mixed with the juice is an excellent cure for dropsy, also that an ointment of the root and lard is good for ulcers and heals burns and scalds without leaving a scar.

Culpepper said of the Lily-of-the-Valley: ‘It without doubt strengthens the brain and renovates a weak memory. The distilled water dropped into the eyes helps inflammations thereof. The spirit of the flowers, distilled in wine, restoreth lost speech, helps the palsy, and is exceedingly good in the apoplexy, comforteth the heart and vital spirits.’ The powdered flowers have been said to excite sneezing, proving serviceable in the relief of headache and earache; but to some sick people the scent of the flowers has proved harmful.

In some parts of Germany, a wine is still prepared from the flowers, mixed with raisins.

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Bear in mind “A Modern Herbal” was written with the conventional wisdom of the early 1900’s. This should be taken into account as some of the information may now be considered inaccurate, or not in accordance with modern medicine.

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Lily Of The Valley (Convallaria majalis) Tincture, Dried Herb Liquid Extract

Features and description:

  • NON GMO and GLUTEN FREE!
  • We produced this extract using a cold maceration method of extraction to ensure that the broad spectrum of therapeutic plant compounds – vitamins, minerals, alkaloids, flavonoids and other active constituents of the herbs are fully extracted and maintained.
  • Expertly extracted under strict quality standards and procedures from Lily Of The Valley Dried Herb. We meticulously produce our extracts according to precise standards where each herb is extracted according to the distinct characteristic of each plant!
  • Super concentrated Lily Of The Valley tincture: dry plant material / menstruum ratio is 1:3! Extraction rate: 1 ml of extract is equal to about 330 mg of dried herb!
  • We produce our liquid extracts using ONLY natural ingredients! All herbs are organically grown, ethically wild harvested, or selectively imported. Our extracts do not contain GMO, gluten, artificial colors, heavy metals, preservatives, pesticides or fertilizers!
  • Proudly made in the USA, in a FDA registered facility under srtict laboratory control.

Lily of the valley, sometimes written Lily-of-the-valley, scientific name Convallaria majalis, is a sweetly scented, highly poisonous woodland flowering plant that is native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere in Asia, and Europe. Convallaria majalis is a herbaceous perennial plant that forms extensive colonies by spreading underground stems called rhizomes. New upright shoots are formed at the ends of stolons in summer, these upright dormant stems are often called pips.*

Main Ingredients: Main ingredients: Wild Harvested Lily Of The Valley (Convallaria majalis) Dry Herb. Origin of plant material: Hungary. Menstruum: Alcohol, vegetable palm glycerin, crystal clear water. Contains NO: GMO, gluten, artificial colors, heavy metals, preservatives, pesticides, fertilizers.

Strength: Dry plant material / solvents ratio 1:3

Alcohol-based menstruum: Certified Organic or Pharmaceutical grade twice distilled Alcohol, vegetable palm food grade glycerin.

Alcohol-FREE menstruum: Vegetable palm food grade Glycerin, purified crystal clear water.

Does not contain: GMO, gluten, artificial colors, heavy metals, preservatives, pesticides, fertilizers.

Indications: Do not use if seal is broken or missing.

Safety information: Keep out of the reach of Children!!! Not to be used during pregnancy, if nursing or taking any medications! Do not use if you are allergic to any ingredients. Do not use if seal is broken or missing. Store in a cool dry place.

Suggested use and dosage: Shake well before using. Do not recommend for internal use when used for self-medication. Since Lily-of-the-valley can affect the heart and other systems, the dose must be carefully chosen and side effects checked by a healthcare professional.

Lily of the valley major interactions:

Interaction with calcium supplements:

Lily of the valley acts as a strong stimulant for the heart as well as calcium has an effect on this organ. Simultaneous taking of this herb and calcium can cause heart hyperstimulation. Do not use them together.

Interaction with Digoxin(Lanoxin):

Digoxin slows and strengthens heart contractions, enabling the heart to pump more blood with each beat. Lily of the valley has also a cardiotonic effect. Therefore, it is forbidden to take them together without consulting a doctor.

Interaction with medications for inflammation (Corticosteroids):

Lily of the valley has an anti-inflammatory effect as well as medications for inflammation (such as dexamethasone (Decadron), hydrocortisone (Cortef), methylprednisolone (Medrol), prednisone (Deltasone), and others). Both the herb and medications can provoke the reducing of a potassium rate of the organism. It can evoke a critical situation for the heart and enlarge the chance of side effects. The concurrent consumption is forbidden.

Interaction with Quinine:

Quinine can cause abnormal heart rhythms and life-threatening blood and cardiovascular reactions. That is why it is prohibited to consume quinine and lily of the valley concomitantly as the latest one has an impact on heart activity either.

Lily of the valley moderate interactions:

Interaction with Antibiotics (Macrolide antibiotics):

Macrolide antibiotics involve erythromycin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin. Parallel taking lily of the valley and these medications can strengthen its effectiveness as well as side effects as a result of a greater absorption of lily of the valley’s substances in the body.

Interaction with Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics):

Tetracycline antibiotics include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin). Lily of the valley consumption together with these antibiotics can make the side effects stronger.

Interaction with Lithium:

Lily of the valley consumption has an impact on the process of getting rid of the lithium from the body. The lithium quantity can become greater and leads to high-priority side effects. Consult a doctor, perhaps you will need to change a dosage of lithium.

Interaction with Stimulant laxatives:

Stimulant laxatives include bisacodyl (Correctol, Dulcolax), cascara, castor oil (Purge), senna (Senokot), and others. Laxatives lessen the potassium rate in the body, while the heart consumes potassium. Lily of the valley interaction with stimulant laxatives might enlarge the chance of life-threatening side effects of the plant.

Interaction with Water pills (Diuretic drugs):

Water pills remove potassium from your body. One of the symptoms of low potassium rates includes heart rhythm problems. Lily of the valley also affects the heart. Simultaneous taking can augment possible side effects of lily of the valley. Water pills that can reduce potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Actual product packaging and materials may contain more and different information than what is shown on our website. We suggest consulting with a physician before using this or any other herbal supplements. Made in an FDA registered facility.

Lily Of The Valley LEAF Cut ORGANIC Loose Dried HERB Convallaria majalis, 25g+

Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis, clochette des bois, constancy, convallaria, convallaria herba, convall-lily, gazon de parnasse, Jacob’s ladder, ladder-to-heaven, our lady’s tears) has antiangiogenic, antitumor, and diuretic properties. Lily of the valley has been used for hundreds of years in traditional medicine primarily as a heart tonic to treat heart failure and irregular heartbeat. Lily of the valley’s action is similar to the drug Digitalis, but it is natural, less concentrated, and therefore less powerful. It is used to treat heart debility and dropsy. It promotes increased oxygen delivery to the heart, reduces blood pressure, and relaxes a weak heart to beat more slowly and efficiently while increasing its power.

Origin: Europe, Northern Asia

General dose: 1 tablespoon of infusion daily

(It is difficult to find a commercial bottled product, because lily of the valley is administered by a professional herbalist or medical practitioner. An infusion of lily of the valley is made from adding from 1⁄2 oz. of the herb to one pint of boiling water. The infusion is allowed to steep until it is cool. It is stored preferably in an

airtight glass container in a cool, dark place. It is better not to strain the herb, but to shake the mixture and use a tablespoon of the mixture.)

(Medical caution: should be used only under professional supervision. Lily of the valley shouldn’t be taken with pharmaceutical medicines and can interfere with heart

medications. Not recommended for women who are pregnant.)

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