This is a compact evergreen shrub that grows to about four feet tall. Small, glossy leaves are spaced closely on the slender stems. Clusters of pink, yellow or orange-red flowers are produced abundantly at the ends of the stems throughout the growing season. Fertilize and water the plants well to keep them growing to enjoy the largest number of flowers. The flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Dwarf ixora grows and flowers well in sunny, reasonably well-drained, acidic soils. It is drought tolerant once established and is reported to have moderate salt tolerance. Some references state that it is cold hardy in zone 9 and south. With its comparatively small size, it will grow well in a container.
Plants are available in local nurseries. Plants are propagated by summer cuttings.
I grew this plant last year for the first time in two sites in northern zone 9a. It grew beautifully as a container plant with good potting soil. The growth above ground was damaged significantly by winter temperatures in the mid-20’s F. Plants in a protected courtyard at the University of North Florida survived a winter low in the mid-20’s. They did not recover sufficiently to flower again until mid-summer. The plant at my home was killed by 21 degrees F.
- Planting and Care
- Flame of the Woods (Ixora coccinea ‘Maui Red’)
- Growing and Maintaining Dwarf Ixora
- What is Dwarf Ixora?
- Planting Dwarf Ixora
- Caring for Dwarf Ixora
- Dwarf Ixora and Maui Ixora
- Ixora – flowering bush for gardens and hedges
- Characteristics of Ixora
- Ixora as a Flowering Bush
- Tips for Growing Ixora
- Other Uses of Ixora
- Ixora coccinea Flame of the Woods
- Ixora coccinea
- Ixora Coccinea Plant Care
- How to Grow Ixora coccinea Plants in the Garden
- Quick Growing and Care Guide
- Ixora shrubs flourish in summertime
- Cutting Back Ixoras – Learn How To Prune An Ixora Plant
- Should I Prune My Ixora?
- How to Prune an Ixora Plant
- Heirloom Gardens & Interior Decor, Inc.
- Click Here for more Ixora Care & Tips Videos!
The old South Florida favorite ixora (Ixora spp.) is a year-round flowering plant that shouldn’t be put into the old-fashioned category. This sun-loving shrub bears clusters of tubular flowers in Central and South Florida.
Sometimes called flame of the woods, ixora is a member of the Rubiacea family which includes coffee, gardenia, firecracker vine, and pentas. While using scientific names to identify plants can be helpful in avoiding confusion between common names, figuring out how to pronounce a word written in Latin can be tricky. So if you find yourself struggling remember, ixora is pronounced “icks-SORE-ah.”
One of the best things about ixora is that it flowers throughout the year! Each flower cluster can last between 6 and 8 weeks giving your landscape long-lasting and lovely color. Ixora varieties offer a nice selection of colors including bright red, orange, yellow, pink, and white.
The leaves of this tropical perennial are bronze when young and shift to glistening dark green as the plant ages. A compact, densely-branching shrub, ixora is ideal for planting as a hedge, border, screen, or featured specimen—depending on which variety you select.
Some ixora types grow to 10-15 feet tall and 4-10 feet wide when unpruned, but they can handle shearing to maintain them as a smaller hedge. However, it should be mentioned that constant shearing will reduce ixora’s flower display. Smaller forms which only reach 4-6 feet are available, as well as petite cultivars.
This evergreen is moderately drought- and salt-tolerant. It can handle saline irrigation water, but does not do well with direct ocean breezes. Ixora is adapted to South and Central Florida; zone 9B seems to be its northern-most limit, as frosts or freezes will injure it. If you really want to grow ixora farther north, consider keeping it in a container where it can be moved indoors when temperatures drop.
An ever-blooming shrub that is easy to maintain sounds like a dream for many gardeners. The fact that ixora comes in a range of colors is a great bonus. For orange flowers look for ‘Maui’, which is thought to be more cold tolerant that other varieties, or ‘Prince of Orange’. The variety ‘Fraseri’ has orange-rose flowers while ‘Angela Busman’ has rose-colored blooms. For red flowers try ‘Nora Grant’, a durable and popular hybrid with pinkish-red flowers, or ‘Super King’, an older cultivar with deep red flowers and large flower clusters. ‘Sunset’ is a yellow-flowered variety with a touch of orange-red in open flowers. ‘Singapore Yellow’ and ‘Frances Perry’ also have yellow flowers. ‘Herrera’s White’ offers something completely different with, as the name suggests, white flowers.
Planting and Care
Ixora flowers continuously under ideal conditions. While full sun is necessary for maximum flower production, this plant—especially large-leaved varieties—can be grown in partial shade. And while ixora can be pruned anytime and will handle shearing, pruning will reduce your plant’s flowering.
This native of Southern Asia is not well-suited to alkaline conditions, particularly areas next to sidewalks or foundations, and new growth will appear chlorotic from iron and manganese deficiencies. Purplish-red spots on older leaves indicate a combined potassium/phosphorus deficiency.
When shopping for ixora, purchase plants that have a full appearance and multiple branches that will support many blooms. While this plant requires little care, be on the look-out for sooty mold, which usually indicates aphids or scale insects. Beneficial parasites and predators usually clear them up, but an application of insecticidal soap may be needed.
Perhaps this low-maintenance, high pay-off, plant would be perfect for your landscape.
- Florida Plant ID: Ixora
- Ixora coccinea, Ixora
Flame of the Woods (Ixora coccinea ‘Maui Red’)
Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida – Zone 10a) on Aug 26, 2014 6:22 PM
“Flame of the Woods” is a common name for Ixora coccinea, and like many Ixora with the red flowers, the cultivar Maui Red fits the name perfectly! Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched shrub with a rounded form and a very wide spread that generally grows from four to six feet in height and in some areas attains heights of ten to twelve feet, but it can be pruned to keep it small in stature. Ixora is very popular as a hedge plant in the southern part of Florida. I have four Ixora planted along a curved flower bed in my yard that I keep pruned to about three feet, and I also have the cultivar Maui Red, which has been trained into a braided tree form, requiring the continuous pinching of side shoots to maintain the tree form. Ixora coccinea requires a moist, well-draining soil and does well both in full sun or partial shade. It takes frost well; light freezes will knock it back, but it always re-sprouts in spring and it blooms almost year round here in Florida.
Growing and Maintaining Dwarf Ixora
The dwarf ixora is a stunning addition to a garden in the warmer parts of the country. Its striking red blooms have earned it its name as the flame of the woods. It is relatively easy to take care of with the proper moisture and soil conditions. For your effort, you’ll enjoy a beautiful display of flowers all season long. Read on to learn more about this fascinating plant.
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What is Dwarf Ixora?
The dwarf ixora (Ixora taiwanensis) is part of the Rubiaceae Family. This large and diverse group includes many familiar plants, most notably, coffee and quinine. The family is the fourth largest of the flowering plants though its members live mainly in the tropic and subtropic regions of the world. As you might guess, these plants are best for warmer climates in the United States.
Photo by PublicDomainPictures licensed under CC0.
The dwarf ixora is a smaller version of its cousin, ixora (Ixora coccinia). Its common names are “Flame of the Woods” and “Jungle Flame.” They should give you a clue about what to expect with this plant. As the name implies, it has vibrantly colored blooms that you’ll find in orange-red, pink, or yellow. You may also see them in white, but we prefer the showier flowers.
Planting Dwarf Ixora
The dwarf ixora grows best in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 through 11. If you’ve grown azalea before, you’ll understand the importance of the proper soil conditions for dwarf ixora. Like rhododendrons, it prefers acidic soil conditions in the 5.0 to 6.0 pH range. A soil test before planting is a must in case you’ll need to amend the soil with peat or compost.
It will grow to about two feet high. As a landscaping plant, you can use it as a border for a path or walkway. You can also plant it as an accent piece in an existing bed. Because of its size, you can also grow it as a container plant for your patio or deck. As with any potted plant, you should make sure there is proper drainage to keep it healthy and to prevent water from pooling.
>> Buy a dwarf ixora on Amazon <<
Caring for Dwarf Ixora
In addition to its beauty, the dwarf ixora has low maintenance on it side. As long as you meet its basic needs, it’ll do well as the star attraction in your garden. Because it’s a dwarf version, it is much more versatile than its taller counterparts. It will fit in with any landscape design.
As you may expect, a tropical plant like dwarf ixora likes, no, loves the sun. It can tolerate a bit of shade, but you’ll pay for it with fewer blooms. When it gets the sunlight it needs, it will reward you with gorgeous flowers throughout the season. You’ll often find that this is the case with a prolific flowering plant. It needs lots of sun to make all of those flowers.
Staying on the tropical theme, this evergreen shrub prefers moist soils. You should keep soils from drying out with regular watering. However, as with many plants with similar preferences, you need to be careful and not over-water your dwarf ixora plant. Soggy soils can leave it vulnerable to root rot and other diseases. As always, water at the soil level rather than on the foliage.
We mentioned the need for acidic soils. If you’re planting dwarf ixora in a container, be sure and use a soil mixture suited to its needs. For outdoor plants, you should put mulch around them after planting. It will do two essential things for dwarf ixora. It will help maintain that optimal soil pH. It will also help retain moisture in the soil, so you’ll have both needs covered.
Temperature is critical on the low end of the scale. Dwarf ixora does not tolerate cold temperatures well though it is one of the hardiest of the ixora shrubs. Cooler temperatures will cause it to drop its leaves. Also, pink and white flowers tend to be more cold sensitive. On the flip side, dwarf ixora may suffer in hot, dry conditions.
Some shade would be welcome during those times. The dwarf ixora can be drought-tolerant once it’s established. However, you should check the soil often when it’s hot so that it doesn’t dry out. You remembered to mulch your plants, right?
Regular fertilizing is the one bit of special care needed for dwarf ixora. An acidic fertilizer will help maintain the soil’s proper pH. This plant also has a susceptibility for magnesium deficiencies. You’ll know the plant isn’t getting the nutrients it needs if the leaves start to turn yellow. You should plan on fertilizing your plant in the spring, midsummer, and fall.
Other Maintenance Needs
You can choose whether or not you want to prune dwarf ixora. Its small size may make it unnecessary, especially if you like a natural look to your garden. You might consider it if space is an issue or you notice damaged branches. If you decide to trim it, wait until the flower show has ended in the fall. It’ll help encourage more blooms the following spring.
This video from the Utah State University Extension explains the proper way to thin and trim shrubs.
>> Check out theÂ dwarf ixora on Amazon <<
You won’t be the only one who enjoys its lovely flowers. The dwarf ixora will also attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. Deer don’t usually bother these plants, but a hungry one will eat anything it can find. Pests typically aren’t a problem though a regular application of an insecticidal soap spray wouldn’t hurt to keep the aphids under control.
The dwarf ixora is a small shrub with so much to offer the home gardener. Its showy flowers make it an excellent choice for centerpiece plant that will continue to deliver. If you’re looking for a small shrub with easy maintenance, be sure and check out this tropical evergreen. You can’t go wrong with a plant with such stunning colors.
Dwarf Ixora and Maui Ixora
Ixora chinensis and Ixora maui
Dwarf ixora and maui ixora, the smaller varieties of this lushly flowering shrub, have taken South Florida by storm. Gorgeous flowers most of the year, easy care, compact size – what’s not to like?
You see them everywhere…and for good reason.
These plants are dependable bloomers, love the sun, and fit nicely into any size landscape.
Often planted in groups or rows for maximum color, ixoras work well with informal gardens, tropical beds, or more formal and manicured landscape designs.
Clustered blooms that attract butterflies come in a variety of colors, with the texture and shape of a fat, coconut-covered cookie.
These plants bloom heavily during warm months, and then off and on through cooler weather.
The dwarf variety has small leaves like box-wood and blossoms cover almost the entire plant.
Maui has larger leaves, a more free-form shrub shape, and is decorated with eye-catching flowers.
These evergreen plants need full to partial sun to produce the most flowers.
They thrive in Zone 10, though extra-cold winters can cause them to drop leaves.
The dwarf red ixora is the hardier of this smallest variety…other colors such as pink, white and orange are more cold sensitive.
Ixoras are said to be deer-resistant, though no plant is really deer-proof.
Maui’s colors are red or yellow, both with an orangey tint.
This shrub is a moderate grower and can be kept about 2-1/2 to 3 feet tall.
The dwarf grows more slowly and can be kept 2 feet or less.
Add top soil or organic peat humus to the hole when you plant. An addition of composted cow manure to the mix is beneficial as well.
Trim to shape as needed. Avoid pruning the dwarf shrub too hard, since it will take a long time to grow out of the pruning. Maui can be cut back in spring (late March or early April) to promote fuller, bushier plants.
Fertilize in spring, summer and fall with a quality granular fertilizer. Water on a regular basis, but don’t keep the area overly wet.
Place dwarf ixoras about 2 to 2-1/2 feet apart. Maui can go 2-1/2 to 3 feet apart. Come out from the house at least 2 feet on both.
An ixora shrub will do fine in a container.
Landscape uses for maui and dwarf ixora
- low hedge
- accent in a mixed bed
- under low windows
- along a walk or drive
- front of the border planting (dwarf)
- surrounding a palm or tree that lets sunlight through its canopy
- lining a deck, porch, or patio
- around the outside of the lanai or pool cage
- foundation planting
- in a small bed by the entry
- mobile home planter box (with good drainage)
GOOD SNOWBIRD PLANT? YES
COMPANION PLANT SUGGESTIONS: Variegated arboricola, croton, thryallis, plumbago, gold mound and ligustrum sinensis.
Other shrubs you might like: Full-size Ixora, Dwarf Allamanda
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- Small Shrubs
- Dwarf Ixora
Ixora – flowering bush for gardens and hedges
Ixora is an evergreen flowering bush and belongs to the Rubiaceae family, which is one of the most important families of the plant kingdom because of its commercial, medicinal and ornamental use. Two species from this family, Coffea canephor and Coffea Arabica, are used for the production of coffee. The bark of trees of Cinchona is used to extract quinine which is widely used for the cure of malaria. Similarly, Psychotria Ipecacuanha is used to produce Ipecac syrup used for emetic purposes.
Photo © The Lovely Plants
Characteristics of Ixora
As a flowering bush, Ixora grows in to a dense and well branched shrub, commonly reaching 4 to 6 feet in height though some species can grow as tall as 12 feet. The size and color of leaves and flowers vary across 400 species. Plants have glossy leaves of dark green color and large clusters of tiny star shaped flowers of white, red, yellow or orange color that usually bloom in summer. It is also known as West Indian Jasmine, Jungle Geranium, and Flame in the Woods.
Photo © The Lovely Plants
Ixora as a Flowering Bush
Shrubs and bushes can add a strikingly effect to your garden or indoor landscape. However, the requirements and growing habits of flowering bushes can be a little different from most of the flowering or ornamental plants. Like other flowering bushes, Ixora require a little attention, pruning to become a nice flowering bush or container plant for your home.
Though Ixora is not a popular houseplant, it can be a good candidate as a container plant in shaded porches, patios or pool sides for ornamental purpose or as a flowering bush in gardens. Ixora ‘Nora Grant‘ and ‘Super King’ are perfect as flowering bush whereas Ixora Coccinea is suitable for hedges and screens. Ixora can also be used in landscapes as annual flowering bush.
Photo © The Lovely Plants
If you are planning a bed of flowering bushes in your landscape, some of the good companions of your Ixora can be: Boxwood Wintergreen, Buddleia Bi-Color- butterfly bush, Golden Forsythia and Hydrangea Nikko.
Tips for Growing Ixora
Ixora prefers somewhat moist, peat-based acidic soil. Alkaline soils usually causes the leaves to turn dull or yellow.
During Spring and early summer, feed every two weeks; feed monthly during the winter. Use acidic fertilizer containing minor nutrients and trace elements as these are important to maintain healthy foliage of this flowering bush.
Water generously during the summer, reduce watering during the winter season. Generally, they prefer regular watering in a well drained soil.
Ixora loves bright light throughout the year but do not like direct sunlight of the summer. If you are growing it indoor, make sure that you place it outdoor for some time especially during the spring season. Ixora do not tolerate freezing temperature. If you plan to bring indoors for the winter, do so gradually so that the plant can adjust to the lower level of light. Once indoors, do not over water.
Cuttings taken in the spring can be used to propagate plants, however, it is a bit difficult to root Ixoras.
Other Uses of Ixora
Red Ixora flowers are commonly used in Hindu worship, as well as in Indian folk medicine. Generally Ixoras are grown as ornamental plants in containers, as a flowering bush in landscapes and as a hedge. They make an excellent choice for bonsai as well.
Topical and sub-tropical regions across the world especially Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and parts of Florida.
Ixora coccinea Flame of the Woods
Ixora coccinea ‘Flame of the Woods’
DESCRIPTION: Tropical shrub with glossy, vivid green foliage with oblong leaves and small tubular deep orange-red flowers set in clusters. Flowers have four long petals which taper to a point.
USE IN: Hedges, screens or mass planted for abundant colour during spring and summer. May be grown in containers as patio plants when provided with plenty of light.
LOCATION: Plant in well drained soil in full sun to part shade. Avoid alkaline soil as this will cause yellowing of the leaves, protect from frost.
CARE: Mulch and water regularly until the plant is established, usually around 12 weeks. Prune after flowering to promote dense growth habit and prolific blooms during the next flowering season. Water frequently during dry periods. If leaves begin to yellow following dry conditions, feed with a liquid fertiliser like eco-seaweed for lush green foliage. Protect from frost.
HEIGHT & WIDTH: 1-2m H x 1-2m W.
YOUR PLANTS: These plants are tube-stock plants, healthy young plants with new roots that will establish quickly in your garden. The average size of your plants will be 15 -25 cm including the pot height of 80mm high and 42 mm wide.
Botanical Name: Ixora coccinea
Big, bright flower clusters give this beautiful tropical a couple common names: Flame-of-the-Woods and Jungle Geranium.
Now you can find cultivars available with blooms in shades of pinks, oranges and reds. Each star-like flower has 4 petals and can grow up to 1-in (2.5 cm) wide. Not that impressive, but put dozens of blooms together and those flower heads pack a lot of sizzling color on this compact shrub.
Glossy, oval leaves grow in opposite pairs on upright stems. Prune the plant back after flowering is over, if you want to keep it compact. Look for dwarf varieties — ideal for growing in small containers.
Clusters of vibrant blooms make Ixora a sought-after tropical plant.
Green Thumb Tip
High humidity is a must. It’s a good idea to use a pebble tray or room humidifier for Ixoras. If the leaves get brown edges and flower buds shrivel without opening, the air is too dry.
This magnificent Ixora shrub prefers sunshine, warm temps and high humidity, like in its native tropical habitat.
No blooms? Ixoras that don’t bloom aren’t getting enough light. Put it in a warm greenhouse or sunroom to give your plant what it wants. Depending on where you live, moving Ixora to your patio for the summer may be ideal.
Repot in spring, moving up 1 pot size to give this beautiful flowering plant more room to grow. Use a pot with drainage holes to prevent soggy soil.
Overwinter Ixora indoors. This perennial evergreen doesn’t like the cold at all. If you set your potted shrub outside for the summer, bring it in when the temperature drops below 60°F/16°C at night. This sudden change to low light levels will be a shock to the plant and it will likely drop a lot of leaves. Don’t worry, it’s normal. Reduce watering and stop fertilizing till spring.
Ixora Coccinea Plant Care
Origin: India and Sri Lanka
Height: Dwarf varieties grow up to 2 ft (30 cm).
Light: Full sun to partial shade. Ixora coccinea needs plenty of direct sunlight to bloom. Scoot your plant outdoors for the summer, if you want, to give it the light it needs.
Water: Water thoroughly then allow the surface of the potting medium to dry out before watering again. Don’t allow it to dry out too much — Ixora will wilt and not bloom well if the potting mix is dry. Use rainwater, allowing it to warm up to room-temperature because cold water will shock this tropical native. Water less in winter.
Humidity: Moderate to high. If relative humidity drops below 50%, place pot on a tray of wet pebbles or use a room humidifier.
Temperature: Keep warm year-round (75°F/24°C) with a mininum temperature of 60°F/16°C. Protect plant from cold blasts from windows, entry ways and A/C vents.
Soil: Acidic peat moss-based mix, such as African violet potting mix.
Fertilizer: Feed every 2 weeks in spring and summer with an all-purpose water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half.
Propagation: Take 3-inch (8 cm) stem tip cuttings in spring or summer. Dip the cut end in water, then hormone rooting powder. Put the stem in moist potting mix, then firm the mix around the stem so that it stands up. Enclose the whole pot in plastic to maintain humidity. Roots should develop in about a month.
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How to Grow Ixora coccinea Plants in the Garden
Quick Growing and Care Guide
- Scientific Name: Ixora coccinea
- Common Name (s): Jungle Geranium, Flame of the Woods, Burning Love, Flame flower
- Growing Zone (USA Hardiness zone): 9B to 11 / UK Hardiness: H1c
- Best Light Conditions: Full sunlight
- Suitable Soil Types: Well drained. Rich, organic, loams.
- Suitable Soil pH: Acidic.
- Soil Soil Moisture: Moist.
- Sowing and Propagation: Propagate from 3 inch (7.5 cm) long stem cuttings. Spring. Plant into a pot containing peat moss/sand/perlite mix. Cover with plastic lid. Grow at 70 to 81°F (21 to 27°C) under filtered light. Slowly rise lid over a few weeks once roots have established.
- Care: Low maintenance. Fairly salt and drought tolerant. Minimal pruning when plant gets out of shape (anytime – may reduce the amount of flowering for a while).
- Best used for: Hedges, Screens, beds, specimen shrub
- Closely Related Species:
- Miscellaneous: Genus name refers to Portuguese word for lord. Attracts birds and butterflies to the garden.
- Family: Rubiaceae; Coffee family. Closely related species and genera include: Woodruff.
- Gardening Resources – and tips on growing Ixora coccinea used to create this growing guide: Wikipedia; MBG; UFL: Florida Gardening Solutions
Ixora shrubs flourish in summertime
Summertime brings out the best in South Florida’s favored ixora shrubs. At this time of the year it is hard to miss the flourishing ixoras with their large blooms in colors of orange, red, coral, pink and yellow.
Ixoras have a long and profuse bloom period during the warm months and are easy to grow and maintain.
There are a number of ixora cultivars grown in our area.
Dwarf ixora is named for its compact growth and small leaves. It grows slowly and has small, dense leaves, making it easy to maintain at 2 feet tall, although if allowed, it can grow much larger.
The Maui ixoras are also smaller varieties that can be maintained at 2 to 3 feet tall. The dwarf and the Maui ixoras are generally seen with orange-red or sunset yellow flowers.
Ixora Nora Grant is probably the most popular ixora hybrid. It has large, salmon pink flowers and glossy green leaves. Although rarely seen, it is also cultivated with a white bloom. Nora Grant can be maintained at 3 to 4 feet tall.
Ixora ‘Super King’ is an older cultivar that is favored for its beautiful, large, bright red flowers and dark green leaves. It will perform best with filtered light and can be maintained at 3 to 5 feet tall.
Ixoras prefer full sun to light shade. They will bloom more profusely in high light. They are sensitive to the cold and will develop rust colored spots when exposed to temperatures below 40 degrees, although they recover quickly with warm weather.
Ixoras are “acid-loving”‘ plants. When acid-loving plants are grown in soil with unsuitable acidity levels, they are unable to absorb the nutrients needed for plant health.
The best way to ensure the long-term health of ixoras is the regular application of a controlled release fertilizer specifically formulated to increase soil acidity and that also includes the essential macro and micro-nutrients.
Another option for providing a fast-acting, nutrient boost is to use a foliar spray of liquid fertilizer with micronutrients.
Riverland Nursery, 13005 Palm Beach Blvd., east Fort Myers. 693-5555; riverlandnursery.com
Cutting Back Ixoras – Learn How To Prune An Ixora Plant
Ixora is an evergreen shrub that thrives outdoors in zones 10b through 11 and is popular in the warm climates of south and central Florida. It can grow quite large, but also handles shaping and pruning well. To maintain its size and to create an appealing shape, cutting back Ixora is important and not hard to do.
Should I Prune My Ixora?
Pruning is not entirely necessary for Ixora, also known as flame of the woods. This evergreen shrub produces bright clusters of tube-shaped flowers and can grow up to 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5 m.) high, depending on the type. If you want to keep your Ixora smaller than that, you can prune it. You can also prune to maintain a certain shape.
However, there are some newer cultivars, like ‘Nora Grant,’ that were developed to require minimal pruning. And pruning may reduce the number of flower clusters you get. Make sure you know what kind of Ixora you have, but keep in mind that all of these can handle a lot of pruning and shaping. In fact, Ixora is a good candidate for the art of bonsai.
How to Prune an Ixora Plant
Ixora pruning is generally like pruning any other shrub. If you are growing it in the right climate, with no freezing temperatures during the year, you can prune it at any time. If there is an unseasonal freeze, wait until the first leaves appear so you can see and trim back any frost-damaged branches.
A good strategy for pruning Ixora plants for greater bushiness and fullness is to cut out one branch everywhere you see three at a joint. This will cause the shrub to branch out more and will give it a greater fullness and let more light in to the middle of the plant to encourage more growth.
You can also prune strategically to give your shrub a rounded or square shape or to keep it within a certain size. Just remember that more pruning of an Ixora means fewer flowers.
Heirloom Gardens & Interior Decor, Inc.
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How to Plant Ixora
How to Water Ixora
How to Fertilize Ixora
Ixora Diseases and Insects
How to Protect Ixora During the Winter
Ixora Care Videos
What is Ixora?
The Ixora plant provides leatherlike foliage, between 3 to 6 inches long, and make big groups of small flowers during the summer.
The Brazos Valley is fortunate to have tropical weather during many months of the year. Most years, our winters are mild as well. These conditions make possible the use of many tropical blooming plants in our landscapes.
Coming in all colors and sizes, Ixora bloom best when it is hot, taking most of the spring to put on new growth and produce flower buds. Once flowering has begun, you will enjoy color all summer long.
Ixora are lush, large-leaved shrubs that produce rounded clusters of star-shaped blooms. These clusters can grow to 7 to 8 inches in diameter, and are scattered randomly throughout the plant. They appear on the tips of new upright stems and are readily visible, being fully exposed to the sun.
Maui is a bright red-orange variety that produces a medium size shrub with medium size foliage.
Nora Grant is a dark pink blooming variety with a habit similar to Maui.
J.G. Yellow produces butter yellow blooms on a shorter, compact shrub.
Superking is a large growing variety often growing to 5-6 feet tall with large, glossy leaves and large dark red blooms. This is a striking variety.
Dwarf ixora or Taiwan-ensis come in red, yellow, pink and orange. They are ultra-compact, often growing to no more than 8 to 10 inches. They bloom in great profusion, but are slow to re-bloom. If space is a problem, try these compact tropical jewels.
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Plant your Ixora in a sunny, raised area, using plenty of planting mix or soil mix to raise the level of the bed. Dig a hole 1.5 to 2 times wider than the root size, but no deeper than the original pot. Rest the root system on the undisturbed soil in the bottom of the hole and fill around the roots with your prepared bed mixture. Water your new plant with a root stimulator, following directions on the label. If a trellis is necessary or desired, install it no more than 12 inches away from the plant so that it will be readily available for support.
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Ixora are very sensitive to drying out and should be watered regularly and thoroughly, but care should be taken to not over water your planting. Deep watering will ensure that roots will grow deeply and can be protected from drought.
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A regular application of fertilizer aids in the formation of new flower buds. Since flowers spring from new growth, encouraging new growth will therefore encourage more blooms. Supplemental feedings with a water-soluble fertilizer can be made throughout the growing season. Our Heirloom Gardens Hibiscus Fertilizer is formulated with many tropical blooming plants in mind, offering the correct balance of leaf-inducing nitrogen, bloom-promoting phosphorous, and vigor-imparting potassium.
We Recommend Fertilizing With:
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Insects & Disease
Like many tropicals, ixora is susceptible to mealy bugs and spider mites. Insecticidal soaps are effective, as is Orthene spray (follow all directions on the manufacturers label). If your planting is healthy and gets plenty of sunshine, your plants will be likely to fend off many pests of their own.
We Recommend the Following:
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By growing ixora in containers, you can more precisely control growing conditions. You can offer winter protection by moving the container into the warmth of a garage. You can install drip irrigation to individual pots and apply soluble fertilizers.
Plant containers using Heirloom Gardens Blooming Tropical Mix, which has no added fertilizers to increase soil salts and burn roots.
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