- Guava Plant : How To Grow Guava Tree Faster
- How To Grow Guava From Seeds
- Tips For Growing Guava Tree Faster
- Growing Guava Tree From Seed
- Guava Tree Care
- Guava Fertilizer Recommendation
- Guava Tree Flowers and Pollination
- How to Make a Guava Tree Bear Fruit
- Pests and Diseases on Guava Tree
- Guava Transplant Tips: When Can You Move A Guava Tree
- Moving Guava Fruit Trees
- How to Transplant a Guava
- Guava Transplant Tips
- Methods for Growing Guavas
- Tips for Growing Guava Trees
- Best Climate and Site for Growing Guava
- Choosing the Right Guava Plant
- Guava Pollination
- Guava Yield
- Spacing Guava
- Planting Guava
- Container Growing Guava
- Guava Care, Nutrients, and Water
- Pruning Guava
- Thinning Guava
- Harvest and Storing Guava
- Propagating Guava
- Guava Problems and Control
- Guava Varieties to Grow
- white indian guava or China white guava? – Knowledgebase Question
- Guava Plants: How To Grow And Care For Guava Fruit Trees
- Guava Plants and Guava Tree Information
- Caring for a Guava Tree
- Growing Guava from Seed
Guava Plant : How To Grow Guava Tree Faster
Read guava tree information on how to grow guava tree faster from seed, cuttings and layering in containers and ground, guava varieties, guava tree fertilizer and how to look after your guava plant. Guava (Botanical name : Psidium guajava) is a tropical tree, producing sweet fruits which are eaten as a fruit or used as an ingredient in drinks, smoothies and desserts.
The common names are guava, amrood, amrud, jamphal, goiaba, guayaba, djamboe, djambu, goavier, etc.
How To Grow Guava From Seeds
The guava tree is a highly attractive tree. The leaves and flowers are both mildly fragrant and attractive. The guava tree, if grown in ground will grow to a height up to 12 feet in tropical regions. The tree will grow to a smaller size in a container. The tree produces white 1 inch size flowers.
The guava fruits are about 5 inches in diameter; either oval, round or pear shaped and the ripe fruit has a rich pungent smell which spreads quickly in the house.
The guava fruit has white, pink yellow flesh having seeds at its center. The taste of the fruit varies from sour to sweet, depending on its variety.
First I planted a Hawaiian type guava which produced several guava fruits with pink flesh, but the taste was slightly sour. So I removed that tree and planted an Indian type which is producing very sweet fruits.
There are several varieties of guava. Popular guava varieties and types are
Apple guava tree or white guava treeStrawberry guava tree
Pineapple guava tree
Red guava tree
Pink guava tree
Mexican guava tree
- The common Apple guava (Psidium guajava) has white fruit that typically ripen as a yellow color. It is the most frequently eaten species.
- The Strawberry guava (Psidium littoral) has a red colored outer skin, and has strawberry-like flavor fruit, generally smaller than the common guava.
- The Pineapple Guava or Feijoa (F. sellowiana) has attractive flowers and larger sized fruits./li>
Tips For Growing Guava Tree Faster
Position : Where To Plant Guava Tree
- Guava plant needs full sun to part shade to grow, however, it cannot withstand too much heat.
- The guava plants have very little tolerance for cold. The plant is very frost tender and the matured tree will drop all the leaves in winter, while the young may die. The new leaves start to grow from the beginning of spring.
- In the USA, guava trees can grow in US Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11; in Hawaii, Florida, sheltered areas in California and Texas and the Virgin Islands.
Growing Guava Tree in Container
A guava tree can be grown in a container with proper care.
- Guavas can be planted in pots and ground as well. If you are planning in a container, then select a big pot, at least 30 cm (12 inch) pot, bigger is better. The potted guava plant can be pruned in early summer to keep the size compact. Transfer the young guava plant every spring into a larger pot. How to grow fruits in pots
- The pot should have good drainage holes at the bottom, which is important to protect the roots.
- The guavas planted in ground grows faster into big tree, up to 30 feet in height because its roots can spread widely. The fruits in these trees become difficult to pluck as they grow to very high branches. So I am growing guava in the container, it is quite easy. The pot bound root system of guava tree growing in containers produce small size of fruits.
Soil For Guava Tree
Plant your guava in a rich free-draining soil having a pH 4.5-7.0. Add lots of compost and manure to the soil and some river sand to make it free draining. This type of soil is best for growing guava tree faster.
How To Plant
Guava can be propagated by seed, branch cutting, grafting and air layering. For commercial cultivation, it is best grafted onto a established root-stock. The guava seedlings grow very fast if proper care is taken.
Growing Guava Tree From Seed
- The guava tree started from seed will produce fruit in 1 to 3 years. Buy good quality seeds from a garden shop.
- To speed up the germination, soak the seeds in water for 10-15 days, or boil them for 5 minutes before sowing. This will soften the hard coating of the seeds, encouraging the inner embryo to germinate
- Take a small pot and fill it with seed raising soil. Sow the seeds about quarter inch (0.5 cm) below the soil and water. Keep the soil moist. I cover the pot with a plastic wrap to maintain a high humidity inside.
- Guava seeds germinate at temperatures between 20 to 25°C. If the temperature is low, you can germinate the seeds indoors. The guava seeds germination takes about 3-10 weeks when the tiny sprouts will emerge out from the soil. Remove the top plastic cover.
- Transplant the seedlings when they are 4 to 18 inch high.
- I have grown a guava tree from seeds prepared from the fruit. My seed propagated guava plant reached quite high, about 24 inch in just one year and produced its first flower, to my surprise. On the other hand, my guava tree propagated by a cutting at the same time has not flowered so far.
I also bought a small plant propagated probably from layering method and planted it in a 30 cm size pot. After 2 years it has grown quite big so I transferred it into a 75 cm pot.
Guava Tree Care
Watering Guava Plant
- Guavas prefer regular deep root watering, allow the soil to dry out somewhat between waterings. Provide regular water during the growing season, and reduce watering during the winter. Apply water at the base of the tree, avoiding its foliage getting wet to prevent fungal disease.
- The older branches of the guava tree produce larger size guava fruit. So to promote branch growth, the tree must receive regular water.
Mulch For Guava Tree
Mulch with 2-6 inch (5-15 cm) of wood chips, bark to retain soil moisture. Keep the mulch-10 inch away from trunk. Mulch can also reduce the growth of weeds and can help reduce the risk of certain pests.
Guavas growing on guava tree
Guava Fertilizer Recommendation
The guava tree fertilizer is very important if you wish to grow your guava tree fast.
- Guava tree is heavy feeder, so it should be fertilized every 1-2 months when it is young; thereafter 3-4 times a year.
- Guava trees need a fertilizer high in nitrogen, phosphorus, potash and some magnesium for maximum fruit production. Mix 6-6-6-2 fertilizer into soils beginning of the growing season and then 3-4 times during the growth period.
- A fertilizer high in potassium is the best fertilizer for guava trees to increase fruit production. I feed my guava plant with a liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season.
- Guava trees become iron deficient in alkaline and high pH soil. Fertilize 1-2 times with iron sulphate each year.
- Always water your guava plant after fertilizing to minimize the risk of burns.
Guava Tree Flowers and Pollination
The guava tree blooms in early spring, but may bloom all year in mild climates.
- Guava tree has perfect flowers with male and female parts in each flower.
- Honeybees pollinate the guava flowers.
- If there are no bees in your area, then you may hand pollinate the flowers. Use a very small paint brush and tickle the inside of flowers.
- Spray your guava tree a 5 % solution of urea mixed with a wetting agent just before flowering. When the urea spray dries, then water the plant. This will increase the duration of fruit production.
The Guava Fruit Harvest
The guava fruit matures in 2-4 months after the flowers bloom. The fruit remain hard and green but changes color and becomes softer when it is ripe. Fruits picked green will ripen when stored at room temperature. (Fruit Ripening with Ethylene)
How to Make a Guava Tree Bear Fruit
A new guava tree can start bearing fruits when it is 2 year old. I grew my guava tree from a seed and it produced guavas in the second year.
Guava Flower on one year old guava tree
If your guava tree has matured and not flowering then you can encourage the tree to flower as following:
- Allow the tree to dry out for 2-3 weeks and prune the tips of the branches to stimulate new growth. Guava will flower on the new growth.
- Water restriction causes the tree to begin reproduction defense mechanisms that result in flowering.
Pests and Diseases on Guava Tree
- Young guava are attacked by a number of pests including aphids, guava white fly, mealy bugs, moth, scale and thrips. Treat early. I cover the fruits with a paper bag to prevent fruit fly.
- The guava tree is attacked by a number of diseases like anthrcnose, red alga, and leaf spots. Pruning the tree to increase air circulation will be beneficial. Regular copper spray, pest oil spray or insecticidal soap can control the disease.
- Sometimes, ants crawling on the guavas may be problem. Use Boric Acid Ant Baits to control ants.
How Yo Prune of Guava Tree
Pruning a guava tree is important if you want your tree to produce pleanty of fruits. Prune the new guava plant at 1-2 feet length to produce new lateral branches. Allow such 3-4 branches to grow to 2-3 feet. Then cut the tips of these branches to grow more branches. Remove the weak branches. The tree in this way will become dense with a good canopy.
How To Protect Guava Tree From Low Temperatures
To protect guavas from freezing temperatures, cover with a blanket at night or put Christmas lights on it when there is a threat of frost. If the guava tree is growing in a pot, then move the pot in shade or varandah.
Video of Growing Guava in container
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- Guava Fruit Farming Info – Beginners Guide
- Jonathan Crane and Carlos Belerdi, Guava growing in Florida Home Landscape
- Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida’s Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 99.
- California Rare Fruit Growers. Tropical Guava
Guava Transplant Tips: When Can You Move A Guava Tree
Image by rue015
If your guava tree has outgrown its current location, you might be thinking of moving it. Can you move a guava tree without killing it? Transplanting a guava tree can be easy or it can be hard depending on its age and root development. Read on for guava transplant tips and information on how to transplant a guava.
Moving Guava Fruit Trees
Guava trees (Psidium guajava) come from the American tropics and the fruit is grown commercially in Puerto Rico, Hawaii and Florida. They are small trees and rarely get above 20 feet (6 m.) tall.
If you are transplanting a guava tree, your first step is to find a suitable new site for it. Be sure the new site is in full sun. Guava trees accept a wide range of soil types and grow well in sand, loam and muck, but prefer a pH of 4.5 to 7.
Once you have located and prepared the new site, you can get on with moving guava fruit trees.
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How to Transplant a Guava
Consider the age and maturity of the tree. If this tree was just planted a year ago or even two years ago, it won’t be hard to get all of the roots out. Older trees, however, may require root pruning.
When you transplant established guava trees, you risk damaging feeder roots that are charged with absorbing nutrients and water. Root pruning can prevent keep the tree healthy by encouraging it to produce new, shorter feeder roots. If you are transplanting a guava tree in spring, do root pruning in the fall. If moving guava trees in autumn, root prune in spring or even a full year in advance.
To root prune, dig a narrow trench around the root ball of the guava. As you go, slice through longer roots. The older the tree, the larger the root ball can be. Can you move a guava tree immediately after root pruning? No. You want to wait until new roots grow in. These will be moved with the root ball to the new location.
Guava Transplant Tips
The day before the transplant, water the root area well. When you are ready to start the transplant, reopen the trench you used for root pruning. Dig down until you can slip a shovel under the root ball.
Gently lift out the root ball and set it on a piece of untreated natural burlap. Wrap the burlap around the roots, then move the plant to its new location. Place the root ball in the new hole.
When you are moving guava trees, set them into the new site at the same soil depth as the old site. Fill in around the root ball with soil. Spread several inches of organic mulch over the root area, keeping it off the stems.
Water the plant well just after transplant, Continue irrigating it throughout the entire next growing season.
The guava tree is native to Central and South America and grows to around 20-33 ft in height. While the tree itself is reasonably attractive, it is most commonly cultivated for the delicious fruits. When sliced open, guava fruits can look very similar to watermelon, however the flavour is much stronger, often said to be a heady cross between pears and strawberries.
If you’re interested in learning how to grow a guava tree then this guide is for you…
Methods for Growing Guavas
There are a number of different ways you can grow a guava tree. Two of the most popular methods are by seed or from a cutting taken from a mature plant.
Growing a Guava Tree from Seed
Guavas can easily be grown from seed, though of course it can take some time for your tiny seedling to begin bearing its own fruit. Like many thick-shelled seeds, guavas tend to germinate most successfully when they are allowed to soak in lukewarm water before sowing. An effective solution is to fill a clear container such as a glass jar with water, drop the seeds in, and then place the container on a sunny windowsill to keep it warm.
After 24 hours or so the seeds can be planted into containers filled with rich compost. Covering the flower pots can help to keep the seeds warm and prevent the growing medium from drying out. Both can increase the germination rate while keeping your ongoing care to a minimum. I like to place my pots into clear plastic bags, which permit a great view of germination while creating a mini greenhouse for the plants.
Guava seeds can grow surprisingly quickly so try to ensure that each seed has plenty of space. To minimize regular transplanting it is often to place just one or two seeds into each pot, permitting them plenty of room in which to grow.
Growing a Guava Tree from Cuttings
If you have access to a mature guava tree then a quicker way to start your own plant is to take some cuttings. Look for young, healthy branches of at least 20 cm in length. As with all cuttings, one of the most important steps to success is removing the cutting with a very sharp knife or razor blade to create a clean cut. For best results aim to cut the stick at the very end of the branch’s node.
After cutting the stick, place it in a warm glass of water in a sunny position. You can keep it here until you start to see roots growing out of the bottom. Once these roots reach a few inches in length your cuttings can be removed from the water and potted up like proper plants. Just as with seedlings, you should avoid the risk of your cuttings drying out by regular watering them and/or placing them into a propagator until they become established.
Tips for Growing Guava Trees
Once established, whether from seed or from cuttings, guava trees can be planted outdoors (if your climate permits it) or can be transplanted into large containers to be grown in greenhouses or conservatories.
Guava trees tend to grow best in a spot that has full sun for most of the day and one that has a nice sandy, acidic soil. This soil will help to remove excess water to prevent root rot, allowing your guava tree to flourish.
Guava trees are tropical plants so they don’t do well in cold conditions. If you garden in more temperate areas then your tree is likely to benefit from some additional insulation during the cooler months. Horticultural fleece can be wrapped around your tree, with straw stuffed inside for further warmth. Guava trees grown in pots can be easier to manage, as these can simply be brought indoors as the season starts to turn.
Pruning guava trees are important as they can grow very tall, making them unmanageable in all but the largest gardens. Tall branches can also block sunlight from the tree which can result in limited fruiting. Pruning once a year is a quick and easy way to keep your plant in good shape while maximizing fruiting.
Grow guava in your garden. Guava is a tropical and subtropical plant.
Guava is native to Southern Mexico. In the United States, it is grown mostly in Florida, Hawaii, Southern California, and parts of Texas. With protection, it can be grown in USDA Zones 8b and 9.
Guava is round to pear-shaped fruit commonly 2 to 3 inches long. Guava can be green, yellow, red, purple, or black-skinned. The flesh can be white, yellow, coral, or red. Ripe guava has sweet, moist flesh that is highly scented. Each fruit has several small, hard, but edible seeds.
Ripe guava can be halved and eaten from the shell or sliced and combined with other fruit. Guava can be pureed and made into sauces, sorbets, and mousses, or cooked down into a firm paste and sliced. It can be made into jellies, jams, and preserves. Guava can also be juiced.
In tropical regions, some guavas can grow to 30 feet tall, but in subtropical regions such as Southern California guava will grow to not more than 10 or 12 feet tall. There are dwarf guava cultivars.
The botanical name for guava is Psidium guajava.
Best Climate and Site for Growing Guava
- Guava can be grown in both humid and dry climates; the optimal temperature for growing guava is 68°to 82°
- Guava can be grown in USDA zones 9 to 12. In zones 9a and 8b, guava should be protected from frost or chilly weather. Guava will be damaged by frost; it may recover from exposure to temperatures as low as 29°F but will likely lose all of its leaves.
- Plant guava in full sun; in dessert regions plant guava in partial shade or protect plants from the midday sun.
- Plant guavas in compost-rich, well-drained soil.
- Guavas will grow where the soil pH ranges from 4.5 to 9.4; a neutral pH is of 6.0 to 7.0 is optimal.
- Avoid planting guava in low spots where cold air and cross can settle.
Choosing the Right Guava Plant
- Choose a guava variety that will fit your garden; dwarf guavas grow to 3 feet tall; standard cultivars grow to 12 feet tall or taller. Some varieties can grow to nearly 30 feet tall in tropical climates.
- Guavas are mostly self-fruitful. Some cultivars may produce more fruit when cross-pollinated with another variety.
- Guavas bloom throughout the year, but the time of the heaviest bloom is with the onset of warm weather in spring.
- Honeybees are the chief guava pollinator.
- Mature guava can produce 50 to 80 pounds of fruit each year.
- Consider the size of the tree at maturity when spacing guava in the garden. Most cultivars for home gardens can be planted 10 to 15 feet apart or less.
- Prepare a planting site in full sun that is sheltered from a prevailing breeze or wind. A south-facing wall that can collect and radiate solar heat is a good spot in cooler locations.
- Work well-rotted compost or manure into the soil.
- Dig a hole half again as deep and twice as wide as the tree’s roots. Add a cupful of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
- Put a tree stake in place before planting. Drive the stake into the ground to the side of the hole to at least 2 feet deep.
- Set the plant in the hole so that the soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem is at the surface level as the surrounding soil. Spread the roots out in all directions.
- Re-fill the hole with half native soil and half aged compost or commercial organic planting mix; firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets among the roots. Water in the soil and create a modest soil basin around the trunk to hold water at watering time.
- Secure the tree to the stake with tree ties.
- After planting, water each tree thoroughly and fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.
Container Growing Guava
- Small and dwarf guava cultivars can be grown in containers.
- Guavas can be grown in a sunroom or greenhouse where there is ample light.
- Choose a container 24 inches wide and deep; use a potting soil formulated for citrus or palm trees.
Guava Care, Nutrients, and Water
- Keep the soil evenly moist for best fruit production; allow the top 2 or 3 inches of soil to dry before watering again. If the soil goes completely dry, flowering may be delayed or fruit may drop. Reduce water in winter.
- Guavas are heavy feeders; make monthly applications of an organic balanced fertilizer such as 5-5-5.
- Protect guavas from cold weather and frost; cover plants with a plant blanket if frost threatens or place a frame around the plant and cover the frame with clear plastic sheeting. A string of electric lights can be placed inside the frame for added warmth. Move guavas in containers to a protected and warm spot.
- Most guavas can be maintained at 6 to 10 feet tall with annual pruning. Pinch out growing tips to keep guava small.
- Remove water sprouts and suckers regularly.
- Prune out broken, dead, and diseased wood.
- The fruit is borne on new growth, so pruning will not interfere with next year’s crop.
- Trees will blossom 10 to 12 weeks after pruning; if not pruned guava will blossom in autumn.
- Thin fruit so that no more than 4 fruits mature on each branch
Harvest and Storing Guava
- Guava grown from seed will bear fruit in about 8 years; from seedling, guava will produce fruit in 3 to 5 years.
- Guava fruit will be ripe and ready for harvest about 20 to 28 weeks after flowering and pollination.
- In warm year-round locations, guava can produce two crops each year, a large crop in summer followed by a smaller crop in winter or spring.
- Ripe guavas will develop mature colors as they ripen; ripe guava will be fully colored and have a sweet aroma. Ripe guava will give slightly to gentle pressure.
- For best flavor, let guava ripen on the tree.
- Ripe fruit will keep in the refrigerator for up to two weeks
- Green-mature fruits can be ripened at room temperature; place guava in a brown paper bag with a banana to hasten ripening.
- Mature green fruit can be stored for 2 to 5 weeks at 46° to 50°F and 85 to 95 percent humidity
- Guava can be grown from seed; seeds take 2 to 8 weeks to germinate. Seeds do not always grow true.
- Guavas can be grafted by patch budding, side-veneer grafting, and marcotting.
- Guavas can be grown from root cuttings; place 5 to 10-inch root cuttings in potting mix and cover with 2 to 4 inches of soil.
- Softwood cuttings can be rooted; treat cuttings with a rooting hormone and provide bottom heat.
Guava Problems and Control
- Anthracnose fungal disease can attack foliage in humid climates; apply fungicides
- Root-rot nematodes can reduce plant vigor; there is no control apart from solarizing the soil.
- Guava whitefly, guava moth, and Caribbean fruit fly can attack guava in southern Florida. Use yellow sticky traps and pheromone traps to control these pests.
Guava Varieties to Grow
The guava varieties listed here will grow in most home gardens; most of these cultivars will not grow taller than 10 to 15 feet depending on the climate and location.
- ‘Beaumont’: mildly acid taste; pink flesh; seedy; medium to large, roundish fruits weighing up to 8 ounces; excellent for processing; wide-spreading, very productive tree.
- ‘Detwiler’: relatively sweet, of pleasant flavor; yellowish to salmon flesh; medium to large, roundish fruit, about 3 inches in diameter; greenish-yellow skin, moderately thick; the tree is a very heavy bearer.
- ‘Hong Kong Pink’: subacid to sweet flavor; few seeds; pinkish-red flesh; medium to large, roundish fruit weighing 6 – 8 ounces; spreading tree, high yielding.
- ‘Indonesian Seedless’: good flavor and aroma; seedless; white flesh; small fruit with yellow skin; dwarf cultivar available.
- ‘Lucknow 49’: sweet flavor; few seeds, seeds are soft; milky white flesh; greenish-yellow thick skin; prolific bearer.
- ‘Mexican Cream’: very sweet, fine-textured, excellent for dessert; creamy white flesh; small to medium-small, roundish fruits; light yellow skin, slightly blushed with red; upright tree.
- ‘Patricia’: strawberry flavor; salmon-colored flesh; prolific bearer.
- ‘Psidium Guajava Nana’: dwarf tree, less than 3 feet; sweet flavor; pink flesh; fruit to 2 inches long; requires little pruning.
- ‘Red Indian’: sweet flavor; medium thick red flesh; numerous seeds; medium-large, roundish fruit with a strong odor; yellow skin yellow, often with a pink blush.
- ‘Ruby X’: delicious, sweet flavor; dark pinkish-orange flesh; small, roundish fruit; greenish-yellow skin; a bushy low growing tree with drooping branches.
- ‘Sweet White Indonesian’: sweet, delicious flavor; thick white, melting flesh; large, round fruit, 4 inches or more in diameter; thin, pale yellow skin; edible seeds surrounded by juicy pulp; fast-growing tree, bears several times a year.
- ‘Tikal’: sweet flavor; aromatic; pinkish flesh; juicy; large, baseball-size fruit; yellowish-green skin.
- ‘White Indian’: excellent, sprightly flavor; small to medium-sized fruit; moderately seedy.
- ‘White Seedless’: white flesh of good quality; improved selection from Florida with seedless.
Also of interest:
Guava: Kitchen Basics
How to Grow Mango
How to Grow Papaya
How to Grow Cherimoya
How to Grow Passion Fruit
How to Grow Feijoa Strawberry Guava
How to Grow Citrus
How to Grow Loquats
Did you know?
Guavas have more vitamin C than citrus fruit; the edible rind alone has five times the vitamin C of an orange.
Originally from southern Mexico and Central America, guava trees have since spread around the world’s tropical and temperate zones. The trees are cultivated in Florida, Hawaii and some areas of California.
Guava has a smooth, creamy texture (aside from their many seeds) that is akin to an avocado and a flavor that is softly sweet-sour. The seeds add an astringent quality to the fruit.
Guavas can be enjoyed fresh or canned. Guavas also are made into jelly, jams, pastes, juices, ice creams and sauces.
Depending on the variety, guavas can range in color from green to yellow to red to purple, and the interior flesh can range from white to red. Fresh guavas are in season year-round. Buy fruit that are fairly firm; they should give slightly to gentle pressure, according to “Melissa’s Great Book of Produce,” by Cathy Thomas.
Store ripe fruit at room temperature for up to one week or refrigerate for up to two weeks.
Peel with a paring knife or cut in half. Scoop out the pulp with a spoon. While people do eat guava from the shell as-is, consider pushing the fruit through a sieve to remove the many small seeds.
Thomas recommends using guava in place of strawberries and kiwi in recipes; she also suggests using very ripe, mashed guava in place of bananas to make a “tropical” quick bread. Stewed guava shells, known in Spanish as cascos de guayaba, are a popular dessert in the Caribbean. You can make your own or buy them canned at Latin markets and some specialty stores.
Also available in stores is guava paste. According to “The New Food Lover’s Companion,” guava paste is a mix of the fruit pulp, sugar, pectin and citric acid cooked slowly into a thick, rich mass firm enough to slice. Guava paste often is paired with cheese or ice cream for dessert.
Unripe guavas can be eaten too. “Culinaria: The Caribbean, A Culinary Discovery” suggests marinating the sliced unripe fruit in a mix of lime juice, vinegar, Worcestershire sauce, salt and hot red peppers. Just dipping the slices in salt will do as well, the book notes.
white indian guava or China white guava? – Knowledgebase Question
Guavas actually thrive in both humid and dry climates, but can survive only a few degrees of frost. The tree will recover from a brief exposure to 29? F but may be completely defoliated. Young trees are particularly sensitive to cold spells. Older trees, killed to the ground, can send up new shoots which will fruit 2 years later. Guavas can take considerable neglect, withstanding temporary waterlogging and very high temperatures. They tend to bear fruit better in areas with a definite winter or cooler season. White Indian originated in Florida. It produces small to medium-sized, roundish fruit, 2-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter. The flesh os thick, white, and moderately seedy. It doesn’t produce well but when it does, the fruit has an excellent, sprightly flavor. China White proudces large (up to a pound) white fleshed & green skinned fruit which are very sweet. The fruit has very aromatic flesh. These Guavas are tough & vigorous producing fruit September through December. If it were my landscape, I’d go with the China White.
Guava Plants: How To Grow And Care For Guava Fruit Trees
Guava fruit trees (Psidium guajava) are not a common sight in North America and need a decidedly tropical habitat. In the United States, they are found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida and a few sheltered areas in California and Texas. The trees are very frost tender and will succumb to a freeze when young, although adult trees may survive short periods of cold.
That said, the plants are attractive and produce deliciously rich, sweet fruits that are excellent fresh or in desserts. Given enough guava tree information, it is possible to grow these small trees in a greenhouse or sunroom and reap the benefits of their Vitamin C-rich fruits.
Guava Plants and Guava Tree Information
The guava fruit grows on a small tree with a wide, short canopy and a sturdy single to multi-stemmed trunk. The guava tree is an interesting plant with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch serrated leaves. Guava trees produce white, 1-inch flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear shaped fruits. These are more accurately berries and have soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red and varies in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on variety.
The guava plants thrive in any soil with good drainage and full sun for best flowering and fruit production.
Guava fruit trees are tropical to sub-tropical and may achieve 20 feet in height. Growing guavas require cold protection and is not suitable outdoors in most zones of the United States. They must have shelter from freezing winds, even in sunny warm climates where occasional icy temperatures occur.
Caring for a Guava Tree
If you are lucky enough to live in a region where guava plants grow outside, the tree should be planted in well-drained soil where its roots have room to spread.
Fertilize growing guavas every one to two months while young and then three to four times per year as the tree matures. Guava trees need a high amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, along with some magnesium for maximum fruit production. An example is a formula of 6-6-6-2, worked into soils just prior to the onset of the growing season and then evenly spaced out three times during the growth period.
Water frequently after planting and then keep mature trees moderately moist during the blooming and fruiting seasons. Once established, caring for a guava fruit tree is similar to any fruiting tree care.
Growing Guava from Seed
Growing guava from seed may not produce a fruiting tree for up to eight years and the plants are not true to the parent. Therefore, cuttings and layering are more often used as propagation methods for guava fruit trees.
Growing guava seeds, however, is a fun project and produces an interesting plant. You need to harvest seed from a fresh guava and soak off the flesh. The seeds can remain usable for months, but germination can take up to eight weeks. Boil the seeds for five minutes prior to planting to soften the tough outside and encourage germination.