How to pot mums?

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How To Keep Your Mums Thriving All Season

Chrysanthemums, or “mums,” are a favorite variety of fall flowers. They come in a beautiful range of colors synonymous with the season. Proper care of your potted mums ensures an abundant and vibrant floral display. Here are some helpful tips to keep yours gorgeous and long lasting:

  • Look for plants with healthy foliage with no wilting leaves or blooms, and without signs of insect damage or disease.
  • The plant’s soil should be moist and not dry.
  • Purchasing locally-raised mums from a farm or nursery ensures that the varieties grown are well suited to your growing region. This is especially important if you will be transplanting the mum outdoors in your flower bed or displaying the potted plant outside. Garden or hardy mums endure cooler outdoor temperatures better than florist mums, which are raised as indoor plants only.
  • When choosing potted mums for an event that will occur within a few days, purchase plants brimming with colorful flowers.
  • For long-term enjoyment, select a plant that is loaded with unopened, tight flower buds, instead of one in full bloom. The buds will bloom over the course of several weeks, providing a continuous showing of beautiful flowers.
  • To keep your outdoor space filled with flowering mums all season, select an assortment of varieties that bloom at different times from late summer through mid-fall.
  • Looking for something different? Besides the traditional, decorative overlapping petals, mum varieties are also available with different shaped blooms. You can choose exotic florist varieties with a pompon or single, daisy-like flower for indoor use, or as a short-term autumnal outdoor decoration, as these cultivars aren’t able to withstand cold weather.

Caring for Potted Mums

  • Once you’ve determined the perfect spot to display your mum, place a tray beneath the flower pot to keep the soil moist. It is important to prevent the plant from getting too dry or wilting between watering.
  • Unless the mum is in a very sunny and hot location, watering the plant well, once a day, should be sufficient.
  • When watering, instead of pouring water through the dense flowers, water the plant’s soil.
  • Although fertilizing isn’t necessary for container mums, you may add a water-soluble plant food once a week when watering.
  • Protect your outdoor potted mums from the elements by planting them in outdoor containers such as terracotta, concrete, or resin, with additional potting soil.
  • You can also dig a hole in the ground and set the plant — nursery pot and all — into the soil to help it survive cool nights. Most garden mums should be able to endure a light fall frost. Cover the plants at night when freeze warnings are in effect.
  • To keep the plant attractive and healthy, snip off any dead blossoms as soon as they wilt. However, if you are in a cold climate, leaving the dead foliage on the plants has been found to help the plant survive colder temperatures better than pruned plants.

Are Mums Annuals or Perennials?

Most mums are sold in garden centers and nurseries as annuals, particularly in growing zones 1 to 4. However, some cultivars are able to withstand below zero temperatures and considered perennials. If you want Chrysanthemums included in your year-round landscape, read the label on the plant or ask your local nurseries for hardy varieties suited for your climate.

Planting Mums in the Flower Bed

When choosing where to plant, remember mums require six or more hours of direct sun daily.
1. Dig the hole 2 times the width of the pot.
2. Place in the hole even with ground level. Backfill with garden soil to ground level.
3. Water with a flower and vegetable water-soluble plant food as directed on the label.
4. Add a 3″ layer of mulch.
5. Water daily or as needed until established.

Helping Your Mums Survive Winter

For outdoor winter survival, only prune hardy bedding plants in early summer. Do not remove dead mum blooms or prune in fall or winter. Heavily mulch planted mums in the fall before freezing temperatures occur.

Did you know chrysanthemums are the birth flower of November? Read about the folklore associated with them here!

Mums are spectacular fall plants that can be brought indoors and used for decorating. Caring for mums indoors is easy and with only a few tips you can keep a mum plant healthy for three to four weeks. They are a big bang for your buck as they are less expensive than most bouquets of flowers. Let’s talk about keeping !

Now, let’s bring those pretty potted flowers indoors!

It’s best to think of mums as a long-lasting cut flower. They are a fabulous, bushy, lush plant with tons of pretty colorful blooms and can easily stand alone as decor.

Caring for these blooms indoors is easier than you might think!

KEEP MUMS HYDRATED

Mum’s like water. Keeping them hydrated keeps them happy. They will wilt quickly. Check them every day and when the top 1 inch of soil is dry or they look the least bit droopy give them a big drink. Water the soil of the mums and try not to let the water hit the leaves or blooms.

If they are in a container make sure there is no standing water in the container.

HIDE THE PLASTIC CONTAINER

Mums usually come in black plastic containers. You can keep mums right in those containers if they are not too pot bound but please put them into another pretty container!

Hunt for containers in your home that you can slip the whole pot of pretty annuals in. I have a large urn and a couple champagne buckets that I use every year. And I also have a few white containers, one is made to hold ice and bottled drinks. It’s my favorite!

If a mum is pot bound it’s a good idea to repot it. Use a good quality potting soil and give the roots a little “fluffing” and put the mum in a container bigger than the original pot. This will actually help them live longer.

And a little extra tip… these fall flowers look amazing when grouped with other fall elements like baby boo pumpkins, leaves, pinecones or planted alongside ornamental cabbage! I often plant indoor mums and add lots of fall elements to them.

LET THE SUN SHINE

Mums love the sun! So put them in a spot in your home where they are getting lots of light. I have a potted plant on my family room coffee table and it does not get much sun so I take it outside every few days so it can enjoy not only the outdoor sun but the weather too.

If you buy mums in the bud stage you will need to expose them to sunlight for them to bloom. I actually like getting mums in the early stages of flowering because the blooms will last longer.

COOL NIGHTS

If you have cool nights where you live let your plants have a night outside every now and then. They get fatigued in warm temperatures.

DEADHEAD

As blooms become spent remember to deadhead your mums. This keeps them not only looking pretty but also encourages new buds to bloom.

Snip or pinch off the spent flowers right above the next set of leaves.

You should also take off dead leaves so they don’t spread any disease to the rest of the plant.

LONG LASTING

With this simple care, the flowers should look nice for about a month. When they are done throw them away. And replace them with a new mum.

You can try to replant your flowers outside but they usually are not very successful transplanted from the indoors. Because they are so economical I look at them as long-lasting cut flowers and feel no guilt saying “thank you for your beauty” and getting rid of them.

I hope you will find a space in your home for these quintessential fall plants now you know about caring for mums indoors!

What is your favorite color mum? Can you tell my favorites?

MORE GREAT POST ABOUT FALL MUMS…

  • 3 FABULOUS WAYS TO DECORATE FALL MUMS
  • FALL TABLE FOR TWO
  • WELCOME HOME FALL TOUR

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Growing Mums In Containers: How To Grow Mums In Pots

Growing mums (also called chrysanthemums) in containers is extremely popular, and rightly so. The plants bloom well into the fall, and as you get later in the season, containers of them spring up for sale everywhere. Care of container grown mums can be a little tricky, though, and if left to their own devices, they can easily die off before their time. If you follow some simple rules of chrysanthemum container care, however, you should be able to enjoy their blooms throughout the fall and possibly even the next spring. Keep reading to learn about growing chrysanthemums in pots.

How to Grow Mums in Pots

When growing mums in containers, half the battle takes place before you even get the plant home. Since mums are so popular in the fall, you can buy them at all kinds of stores that may not necessarily know about or even practice good plant care.

Even at garden centers and nurseries, plants can be severely underwatered, and mums, in particular, can dry out very easily. Don’t buy a plant

that’s wilted, and if at all possible, ask someone at the store when they’ll be getting their next shipment of chrysanthemums. Go back on that day and buy the healthiest looking plant you can find, before it has to sit around at the mercy of a waterer who may not give it the attention it deserves.

Also, try to get a plant that has more buds than open flowers.

Care of Container Grown Mums

Chrysanthemum container care continues when you get home. One of the best things you can do for your mum is repot it. Move it to a slightly larger container with good, fertile potting soil. Gently remove it from its store pot and break the roots up as best as you can – odds are they’re in a very tight ball.

Whether you repot it or not, your chrysanthemum is going to want a lot of water. Since its root ball is probably very tight, set the pot in a dish of water for a few hours rather that watering from above – this gives the roots a better chance of soaking up the water. Make sure to take it out of the dish after a few hours, though, or the plant could drown. From then on, you can water from above every day or so.

Growing chrysanthemums in pots requires plenty of sun, so place your container in a south-facing window or a spot outside that receives at the very least 4 hours of sun per day. Remember that your sunny summer spots may be much more shaded in the fall. Keep an eye on your mum for the first few days and make sure it’s getting plenty of sunlight.

Fall mums aren’t generally meant to survive the winter, but try cutting it down and heavily mulching it, or moving it to an unheated garage until spring. You might be pleasantly surprised to find your mum has overwintered beautifully.

Growing Chrysanthemums in Pots

Many people like to grow Chrysanthemums in their gardens, but you may also grow them indoors in pots. These plants can thrive when potted and this can be an excellent way to protect them from frost and other harsh winter conditions. Growing these plants in pots is not difficult at all so even beginner gardeners can do it without problem.

Why Growing Chrysanthemums in Pots?

Chrysanthemums look great on patios, terraces and balconies. Their flowers can brighten up your façade and make your home look more colorful. These plants can also be grown indoors, where they provide color to the room.

Keep in mind that these plants are often grown as annuals. In order to grow them as perennials, you need to have an appropriate variety. Growing them in the ground is only possible with these specific varieties. These are the ones that are resistant or semi-resistant to frost. These varieties have small or medium-sized flowers.

For many other varieties, you will need to grow Chrysanthemums in pots. They will simply not be able to survive the winter otherwise. If you keep them in pots you can simply take the pots indoors when the temperatures become too low and the frost develops. This is by far the number one reason why people choose to grow Chrysanthemums as potted plants.

Here are some tips on how to grow Chrysanthemums in pots.

Planting Your Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums are very easy to grow so even novice gardeners can do it without much problems. These plants are not demanding when it comes to soil conditions so it is very easy to make them thrive.

You should start by planting your Chrysanthemum in a pot. Make sure to plant them at the same depth as their previous pot. Make sure that the soil is well drained and loamy. It should have a good texture and aeration. You can improve the soil’s quality and conditions by adding a bit of compost or other organic matter to the mix.

After you plant the Chrysanthemums, make sure to water them generously for a few weeks. This will help your Chrysanthemums get established well.

For the best results, position your Chrysanthemums at a clear and sunny spot in your home, balcony, patio, terrace or another place. It doesn’t matter if it’s indoors or outdoors as long as it is clear and sunny. When positioning the pots make sure not to make them too cluttered. This is bad for Chrysanthemums since they require proper air flow to grow.

Caring for Chrysanthemums in Pots

Once you have planted your Chrysanthemums, you need to take care of them. Make sure to water them regularly. Water so the soil is kept slightly moist but never wet. It is important that he pot has good drainage holes so your plants do not sit in water.

Make sure to water often. Keep in mind that Chrysanthemums have a shallow root system so they dry up very fast. This is why you need to water them often. At the same time, make sure not to over-water: they should not sit in water.

It is important to add some fertilizer to promote healthy roots and to help with bud development. The fertilizer will make a more vigorous plant. It is vital to add fertilizer before the flower buds form. You can either use 12-6-6 slow release fertilizer in the beginning of the growing season or 15-15-15 liquid fertilizer. Make sure to use any fertilizer strictly according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Additional Tips

Here are some additional tips for growing Chrysanthemums in pots:

  • Whenever you notice a faded flower, remove it. Make sure to do it gently. Removing faded flowers will encourage the plant to develop more blooms.
  • You should always prune dead branches and discolored leaves.
  • Pinch your Chrysanthemum from time to time to encourage the flower growth and to make your plant bushier.
  • Chrysanthemums are susceptible to certain diseases, such as grey mold, powdery mildew and root rot. Keep this in mind and monitor your plants to notice any potential changes.
  • These plants can be victims of certain pests, most commonly leaf and stem miners, aphids, Chrysanthemum eel worm, caterpillars and worms. Monitor your plant and treat any potential pest infection immediately.

Photo credit: LHOON Chrysanthemums via photopin (license)

Guide to Selecting & Caring for Chrysanthemums

There are few things that signify the changing of summer into autumn like beautiful fall mums. Growing mums is easy, growing perfect mums, not so easy. We have a few tips to care for your favorite chrysanthemums.

There are few things that signify the changing of summer into autumn like beautiful fall mums. Growing mums is easy, growing perfect mums, not so easy. We have a few tips to care for your favorite chrysanthemums.

Chrysanthemums – often referred to as mums – are a classic favourite and go to flower for fall gardening. They flower in bright reds, yellows, oranges, and other rich colours brightening gardens, as the weather turns chilly. You may not know that the Hardy Mums that we grow at Heeman’s are actually a perennial in our zone and if planted in the ground will grow and flower again each fall.

Mums traditionally bloom in the fall and are in tune with the day lengths, hence why they trigger blooming when the days get shorter. Growers like us can actually speed up the blooming time of a mum by altering how much sun they are exposed to on a daily basis and after several weeks the plant is tricked and begins the blooming cycle. For this reason and the many different varieties of chrysanthemum you can get plants that bloom at the beginning of September and the end of October.

Caring for your Potted Mum

Caring for mums in pots is one of the easiest jobs a gardener can have. Simply select a compact plant with lots of branches and set buds. The biggest part of caring for your mum is selecting the right one so making the flowers haven’t expired or will bloom when you want them to is very important. Most mums will give you colour for 3 to 4 weeks so purchasing mums in full bloom will limit the amount of time you can enjoy them.

Once you have your mum at home and it is in bud or blooming you can place it in nearly any sun location. Water it regularly and fertilize once a week with 20-20-20 to keep your blooms going as long as possible.

Caring for your Garden Mum

Mums are a sun loving plant and prefer an exposure with at least 6 hours of sun per day. Choose a spot with well-drained soil for your mum. When purchasing your mum for planting, plant it as early as possible and water well for the best chance of survival. Fertilizing in the fall is not necessary for your mum. When blooms have expired do not cut the plant back.

In the spring and early summer, prune or pinch your plant once a month to between 3-4” (7-10cm). This pinching will start to form a tighter, more compact plant with strong branching which results in a fuller, stronger plant with more flowers. You should do your last prune around July 1st for early flowers or July 15th for a more traditional flowering time. It is at this time that you should make your last fertilizer application (we recommend a 20-20-20).

How to plant and grow chrysanthemums

Planting Chrysanthemums

Our chrysanthemums are sent out in sets of rooted cuttings or potted on plants. If you have a greenhouse or coldframe, get the rooted cuttings in early spring and pot them on. If not, get them in summer, almost ready to be put out.

If you’ve bought rooted cuttings, as soon as you receive them, pot them on into 7cm pots of soil-free compost and keep them somewhere frost-free with lots of light. They will be ready to go out into the garden when they’re roots have filled the pot, or around mid May.

When they’re ready to go out, plant them in a sunny but sheltered spot, in well-drained soil that has had some compost and fertiliser dug in. Space the plants about 20cm (8in) apart (but this will vary according to variety; some are more vigorous than others).

After planting, water generously for 1-2 weeks so the plants get well established.

After Care

Pinching Out or Disbudding

Spray Chrysanths

As with almost every plant you grow for picking, you want stocky, stout rugby players rather than spindly athletes. So once they reach 6-8in, we pinch out spray chrysanths, removing the top growth and taking it down to three or four leaves up from the base of the plant. This promotes the formation of side shoots and you’ll create a bushier, more flower-productive clump.

You can use what you remove as a cutting – see How to take chrysanthemum cuttings for more info.

Single-bloom chrysanths

If you like one large shaggy flower, you should grow the large-headed blooms – not the sprays – and will need to disbud. This is a similar technique to training tomatoes – removing all the side shoots as the plant grows to create one strong stem.

Staking

Chrysanthemums, like dahlias, tend to break at the base of the stems so staking is key. By the time your chrysanths are at their peak height, autumn gales and rain will be on the way too.

The stakes should be tall enough to accommodate the plant, but short enough for the flowers to stand proud of it; check the height of the varieties you have purchased.

At Perch Hill, we tie them in individually to their own cane, or grow a whole bed up through netting stretched horizontally at about 18in from the ground.

Bringing them in

When the weather starts to get savage – not cold, but wild – we lift the chrysanthemums in their pots and bring them into a greenhouse to fill the tomato beds. It’s a successional system that works well and gives us plenty of flowers to pick until Christmas.

Storing

When flowering is over we dry off the plants, cut them down and store them in a frost-free place. The roots will shoot again in spring. Re-pot and off you go again.

Last winter I experimented with a technique I use on dahlias, where the plants are left in the garden and mulched, but it was not a success. Stick to the old ways.

Growing chrysanthemums indoors

Some chrysanthemum varieties should ideally be grown indoors – in a greenhouse or protected growing space of some kind – and will then flower from mid/late November until Christmas. Varieties that should only be grown indoors include ‘Anastasia Green’, ‘Froggy’, ‘Porto Purple’. Most other varieties can be planted indoors or outdoors.

If you have soil beds in your greenhouse, the rooted cuttings can be planted direct, spaced at 30-40cm, and watered in well. Pinch out and stake your plants as you would for outdoor varieties.

Alternatively you can grow your chysanths in large pots, about 35-40cm in diameter, to move outside in good weather:

  • Fill the pots with John Innes No 2 compost and plant one cutting per pot. Water in well. Insert a stake at their side which you will tie them to as they grow.
  • When the frosts have finished, place the pots outside in a sunny, sheltered spot.
  • Pinch out as you would for outdoor varieties, to encourage side branches and produce bushy plants.
  • Water freely throughout the summer and give them a balanced feed every two weeks from midsummer until the flower buds start to appear.
  • Bring them back inside before the September gales arrive, and pick the flowers from there.
  • Cut the plants back when they finish flowering and store frost-free over the winter.

Find out more about how to extend the vase life of Chrysanthemums.

5 Tips for Growing Mums in Containers

If you live in a non-temperate climate, like the band of Zone 5b and north, and would like to grow mums in containers, there are some mum care details you need to know. Potted mums are difficult plants to overwinter, but it’s not impossible. The first step is to start with a hardy variety. Then, follow these best practices to growing mums in containers.

Related: Everything You Need to Know About Fall Mums

Image zoom Splendid purple ‘Viking’ asters hold court with ornamental grasses, pink ‘Calisto’ mums, ‘Redbor’ and ‘Red Russian’ kales, purple cabbage, and ‘October Daphne’ sedum.

Choose a Healthy Plant

Success starts with choosing the best plant you can. Although just about every grocery store, pumpkin patch, and corner convenience store will carry mums during the fall, you’re more likely to find a healthy plant at a garden center or nursery. Mums at big box retailers tend to be underwatered or have repeatedly been dried out and then soaked, which can cause the plant stress. For the best results, ask when a store is getting a new shipment in and go first thing that day to get the cream of the crop. Never buy a wilted plant, and look for one that has more buds than flowers; you’ll get more bloom time out of it and the plant will likely survive repotting better.

Image zoom Tassled purple fountaingrass (Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’) adds height, texture, and just enough color to contrast with vivid magenta chrysanthemums in a terra-cotta pot.

Repot It

Always repot a purchased potted mum plant. They are usually root-bound, meaning that the roots are taking up the majority of the pot. Replant the mums in a container larger than the one it came in so the roots have room to spread out and breathe. If the plant is root-bound, the roots will have formed a large tangle at the ends. Carefully pull the roots apart before repotting.

Mums thrive in well-drained soil. If you are growing mums in pots for a single season, you can plant mums with other plants in a large container. If you’re attempting to overwinter the potted mums, plant them by themselves in a container, and try to plant them in the spring. This gives the roots time to grow and establish well before winter. Mums in flower beds don’t usually face the issue of not having enough space, but mums in flower boxes or shallow pots may not have enough room to spread out.

Photo Gallery: Stunning Types of Mums to Brighten Your Fall Garden

Give Mums Sun

Choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sun a day. Plants that don’t get enough sunlight will be tall and leggy and produce fewer, smaller flowers. If you’re bringing mums inside for the winter, make sure they are by a window where they get the same amount of sun.

Related: Beautiful Fall Garden Container Ideas

Water & Feed Them

Water newly planted mums thoroughly, and never let them wilt. After they are established, give mums about an inch of water per week. When bottom leaves look limp or start to turn brown, water more often. Avoid soaking the foliage, which encourages disease. Make sure the water seeps into the soil to the roots, otherwise the plant can drown.

Plants set out in spring should get fertilizer once or twice a month until cooler weather sets in. Don’t fertilize plants set out in fall as annuals, but plants you hope to overwinter should get high-phosphorus fertilizer to stimulate root growth.

Image zoom A rosemary plant held over from summer gets a late-season refresh with a fringe of mums and striped and nubby gourds that seem to tumble right out of the pot. Kritsada

Prep for Winter

Once the first hard frost hits, move your mums container inside or into your unheated garage. Mulch up to 4 inches with straw or shredded hardwood. Fill in around the entire plant, spreading well between branches. Cover the pot with cloth.

Pinch off dead blooms to clean up the plant, but leave branches intact—mums have a better chance of surviving if you wait until spring to prune old stems. As soon as the weather warms, pull away mulch to allow new shoots to pop up and move your pots outside to enjoy some spring sunshine.

  • By BH&G Garden Editors

If you want to know How to Grow Chrysanthemums in Pots, read below. Growing chrysanthemums in pots is quite easy if you know what to do and how?

Chrysanthemums are one of the most recognizable flowers in autumn. They can be grown at home, on the balcony and terrace or in the garden.

USDA Zones: 3 – 11

Propagation Method: Seeds, cutting, division

Soil Type: Slightly acidic to neutral

Difficulty: Easy

Other Names: Anthemis grandiflorum, Anthemis stipulacea, Chrysanthemum indicum, sevanti, Chrysanthemum sinense, Chrysanthemum stipulaceum, Chrysanthemum morifolium, Crisantemo, Dendranthema grandiflorum, Dendranthema morifolium, Fleur d’Or, Florist’s Chrysanthemum, Flos Chrysantemi, Ju Hua, Matricaria morifolia, Mum, Yao Jiu Ha, Ye Ju Hua.

Species and Varieties

Chrysanthemum belongs to aster family and has about 50 species. It is native to East Asia. There are countless colors, shapes, and sizes of chrysanthemums- from tiny spheroids to starry and stately, giant single flowers. They are the most famous flowers after roses.
The most popular variety is Chrysanthemum x Grandiflorum. This includes the hardy chrysanthemums that are frost-resistant or partially resistant to frost. These varieties are suitable for cultivation on the ground. Pot mums/Florist’s mums are best if you want to grow chrysanthemum in pots.

How to Grow Chrysanthemums in Pots

Chrysanthemums are perfect for front porches, patios, balconies, and terraces. Chrysanthemums are often grown as annuals. For growing in the ground is only possible with suitable varieties with small and medium-sized flowers, differing resistance to frost. They reach a height of 30 – 100 cm.

Why Chrysanthemums Bloom in Fall?

Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. In autumn, days become shorter and shorter, resulting in a change in light. Chrysanthemum shifts away from vegetative growth to generative and starts to bloom.

Growing Mums in Pots

Growing mums is easy as they’re undemanding for soil conditions and low maintenance and suitable even for novice gardeners.

Plant chrysanthemum in pots a the same depth in which they were grown in a previous pot. The potting soil must be well drained and loamy and airy. Additionally, you can add 1/3 of compost and other organic matter into it at the time of planting. After planting, water generously for 1-2 weeks, so the plants will establish well.

Position for Growing Chrysanthemums in Pots

The position should be clear and sunny. If growing mums indoors, choose a spot that receives at least 5 hours of direct sunlight daily. Don’t pack the pots tightly to maintain the proper air circulation.

Watering and Fertilizing

As chrysanthemums have a shallow root system, they are exposed to fast drying that’s why regular watering is recommended. Keep the soil slightly moist but not wet.

Feed the mums before the flower buds form to promote healthy roots, bud development, and a vigorous plant. You can either apply 12-6-6 slow release fertilizer during the beginning of growing season or balanced liquid fertilizer according to the product’s instructions once in a couple of weeks.

Pests and Diseases

Pests like leaf and stem miners, chrysanthemum eelworm, aphids, caterpillars, worms affect the mums. Diseases like gray mold, powdery mildew, and root rot infect it.

Tips for Growing Mums in Pots

  • Carefully remove the faded flowers to encourage more blooms.
  • Prune dead branches and discolored leaves.
  • Pinch your chrysanthemum plant when it’s young to encourage bushier growth and more blooms.

Chrysanthemums (AKA “mums”) are a popular perennial flower to use in your fall decorating. This is partly because of how pretty they are (all those lovely Autumn colors they come in), and partly because of how easy they are to take care of! In fact, mums can pretty much be planted at any time of the year. They really aren’t that hard to take care of. Mums can thrive both in your garden beds outside or in pots. If you’ve got a new bunch of mums and you want to make sure they can grow well and look their best, then you’ll like these tips on How to Take Care of Mums (Indoors and Out)!

Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links to Amazon and/or Etsy, which means that I may earn a small commission from some of the links in this post. Please see our Disclosure Page for more information.

Mums come in a bunch of different colors and varieties! During the fall, consider getting several mums in fall colors like yellow, orange, and red. During other seasons you may enjoy getting mums that are white, pink, purple, or even blue!

How to Take Care of Mums (Indoors and Out)

Regardless of whether you’re getting your mums for inside your home or outside, if you want their blooms to last the longest, get ones where the flowers haven’t opened yet. Unless of course, you have a party or something happening soon and you need the mums for your decor. In that case, it’d be best to get fully flowered ones, rather than waiting and hoping the flowers open in time.

Taking Care of Mums Indoors

1. If you want to take care of your mums indoors, the first thing you should do is to make sure they’re in a pot with adequate room for their roots to grow. Also, the pot should be filled with a good potting mix that provides decent drainage. Alot of us just buy mums for fall decor and just stick them in a pretty pot while still in their black garden center pot. Your mums will last longer if you actually take the time to repot them.

2. Next, make sure your mums are getting enough sunlight. Mums love the sun, so indoor mums will do their best if placed close to a window that lets a lot of sunlight in everyday.

3. Also make sure to give your mums enough water. And don’t just pour water over the top of them and let it drip down into the soil. That’s just asking for the plants to develop fungi. Instead, water close to the roots of the plant, saturating the soil, not the leaves or too much of the stems. Mums should be watered frequently when first potted, then given about 1 inch of water a week, once they’re more established. If their leaves start to wilt, they need to be watered more frequently. Indoor mums should not need plant food or extra fertilizer.

4. Lastly, don’t forget to “deadhead” your mums as necessary. To deadhead your mums, you can use your fingers or pruning shears to pinch off any dead flowers. Try to cut them off above the next set of leaves on the stem. You can also remove dead leaves when deadheading. Deadheading your mums helps to both make your mums look neater and prettier, and helps to extend how long they bloom.

Different varieties of mums grow and flower at different rates. But in general, indoor mums only flower for about 1 month. Once the flowers are gone, you’re essentially left with a little bushy green plant. At that point you can choose to compost your mums, or try to transplant them outside.

If you choose to transplant them, you may want to wait until spring depending on what zone you’re in. Since I live in Georgia, I’ve always been able to plant my mums even as late as December and still have them come back the following year. Also, since indoor varieties tend not to be as hardy as outdoor ones, do your best to give your outdoor transplants extra mulch. An indoor mum successfully transplanted outside should bloom again the next fall.

RELATED: Gorgeous Examples of How To Decorate With Mums

Taking Care of Mums Outside

Just as it’s easy to take care of your chrysanthemums indoors, it’s very easy to take care of mums outside!
1. Like indoor mums, outdoor mums should be planted in a place where they have plenty of space. They have shallow roots and don’t thrive well when in areas with other plants’ roots to compete with. A good rule is to keep them at least 18 inches apart (remember, they’ll get bushier as they grow!). They should be placed in a hole that’s about a foot deep, so their roots are appropriately covered but their leaves are free. Mums do especially well if planted in soil that has compost added.

2. Watering outdoor mums is pretty much the same as indoor mums especially if they are still in their pots. Give them plenty of water in the week or so after planting, then give them about one inch per week after that. Don’t let them wilt.

3. Unlike indoor mums, if you want to take care of your mums outdoors you will want to fertilize them. But you don’t need to fertilize them until the next growing season when they start to get new growth. At that point, they should be fertilized at least once a month until August.

4. Outdoor mums may also need to be overwintered depending on what zone you’re in. To do this, before the first hard frost hits, you need to mulch your mums very well. Give them straw or wood chips, and pile it high, surrounding the entire base of the plant. If the winter’s frost blackens your mums (more common in the northern states than in the south), just cut them down so they’re only about an inch high, keeping the mulch at least 3 inches high. You can deadhead your mums when overwintering, but don’t prune any stems until the weather gets warmer (excluding cases where you have to cut blackened mums back). When the weather starts to warm up you can also start spreading the mulch out further to make room for the mums’ new growth.

More Mum Info

You technically can also overwinter your mums indoors, though it can be a bit tricky. Once the first frost has blackened them and you’ve cut them down, put them in a pot and bring them into a dark place that is cool (between 32-50°F). Outside in a shed will probably be too cold, so you may have to do this in your garage or basement. Insulate the pot by surrounding it with several layers of newspapers, or an old blanket. Don’t forget to water your mums during their indoor overwintering. 1-2 inches of water 3 times a month is usually enough, but don’t let the soil get dry.

In the spring, when it’s about a week out from the last expected frost, take your potted mums outside to where you’ll want to keep them in the spring through fall. Leave them there for 2-3 hours, then bring them back in. Each day repeat this, and each day add an hour onto that time. When the final frost has passed, your mums are ready to live back outside again.

If you keep growing your mums over several years, after 3 years, it may be good to move them somewhere else in your yard. This reduces the chance of disease and pest infestations. You also need to divide your mums every 3-4 years. Do this in the spring when the plants are creating new growth. Dividing mums is easy. Just use a spade or knife to cut the outer parts of the plants from the center. You can then compost the center and spread out your divided mums into new holes with fresh soil.

Lastly, don’t forget to regularly deadhead your outdoor mums, too! It’ll keep them looking nice. You might also want to pinch your mums’ buds to make them bloom as much as possible. This doesn’t need to be done on mature fall plants, but it should be done on younger mums that you plant in the spring. From the first growth of buds until July, every 2-4 weeks you’ll want to pinch off half of the new growth that your mums have produced at the top of their stems. The stems don’t all have to have flower buds on them.

So as you can see, mums are pretty easy to care for. They’re not very delicate, and pinching, pruning, and dividing them takes hardly takes any time. That’s why mums are a wonderful choice of flower for your home, indoors or out!

Have you ever grown mums before?

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How to Grow and Care for the Chrysanthemum Flower in Containers

Intro: Chrysanthemum flowers, also called mums or chrysanths, come in many varieties and colors that are suitable for a balcony container garden. The two main chrysanthemum variety types are hardy and florist chrysanthemums. Hardy chrysanthemum flowers (aka garden hardy) do well in cooler weather and can be overwintered outside in the container garden. Florist (aka exhibition) chrysanthemums do well in mild need more attention (i.e., staking, overwintering indoors) and are more delicate, but they produce some of the most beautiful flower blooms. The late-blooming chrysanthemum flowers give gardens color throughout the fall season and are often the last flowers to bloom before winter.

Chrysanthemum flowers come in many shapes, sizes and colors, including red, pink, orange, yellow, purple and white. Chrysanthemum blooms are actually many different flowers that grow side-by-side, and each tiny flower can produce a seed.

Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum species

Plant Type: Perennial flower

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: When it comes to watering chrysanthemum flowers, keep the potting soil moist but never soggy.

Zone: Any hardiness zone. Choose a chrysanthemum variety that will thrive in your zone.

Fertilizer: Fertilize chrysanthemums regularly during the growing season. Stop fertilizing once flower buds have formed.

Pests and Diseases: Watch for aphids, mites, caterpillars, leafminers, mealybugs and more on your chrysanthemum plants. Diseases that can affect chrysanthemums include mildew, blight, mold, root rot and more.

Propagation: Propagate chrysanthemums by taking cuttings from established chrysanthemum plants from early spring to early summer. If you collect seeds from your container garden, realize that the seeds don’t often “stay true” to the parent, meaning that the chrysanthemums you plant from seeds won’t always produce flowers that look like the parents. To make sure you will get the flowers you want, purchase true flowers from your local garden center, and take cuttings. If you want to grow chrysanthemums from seed, start seeds indoors two months before the last expected frost. Gently press seeds into the potting soil, but don’t bury them because they need light to germinate. Place plastic wrap over the container you plant them in to keep the humidity high.

Misc. Info: To keep chrysanthemum plants full and bushy, pinch off new growth until they are ready to bloom in late summer. Also deadhead spent blooms in order to promote the growth of new flowers.

The genus name Chrysanthemum means “yellow flower” in Greek.

When kept in indoor gardens, chrysanthemums can reduce indoor air pollution, be made into a sweet herbal tea (which can help those recovering from the flu), be made into wine, and it is also used in Chinese cuisine.

SEE MORE PLANT FACT SHEETS>>

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How to Care for MUMs and Keep Them Blooming All Season

Mums are a lush, colorful addition to any landscape during the fall season when other elements of your landscape start to look drab and lifeless. Caring for mums really isn’t all that difficult – and you can keep them blooming all season long with these tips from The Grounds Guys®.

Regardless of whether you’re going to plant your mums outdoors or keep them indoors in pots, choose those with lots of buds that haven’t yet bloomed. This will help you enjoy the flowers longer.

How to care for indoor mums

Most people aren’t aware of the fact that mums are usually root bound when you purchase them. This means keeping your mums healthy and vibrant requires a larger pot. Be sure to use a quality potting soil mix, placing a layer in the bottom before breaking up roots and putting your mum in the new pot. Once you’ve re-potted your mums all you need to do is:

  • Place your mums in a sunny area in your home. Find a window that allows lots of sun in and be sure it gets at least four hours a day of direct sunlight.
  • Keep the soil moist. You don’t want to over-water your mums, however the worst thing that can happen is for them to get too dry. If this does happen, you can place the pot in a container or bucket with two or three inches of water in it – so the plant can absorb the water. When you water your mums, be sure to water at the base of the plant just at the top of the soil.
  • Deadhead often for lasting blooms. Take off wilted blooms and dead stems/leaves not only makes your mums look more beautiful, it helps your plant to bloom longer as you don’t have dead blooms and stems competing for the water and nutrients the newer buds and blooms need to flourish.
  • Once your mums stop blooming, you can place them in the ground outdoors once the weather starts to warm. Mums will only bloom once inside but keeping it green until you transplant it outdoors will allow you to enjoy it next season.

Caring for outdoor mums

Much like indoor mums, planting outdoors or in the garden requires abundant sunlight. Be sure to plant your mums in well-draining soil; organic soil or compost will produce vigorous, healthy mums. Other essentials in caring for mums planted outdoors include:

  • Give mums plenty of space. It’s wise to plant your mums about 18 inches from other plants so their roots have room to expand.
  • Water, but not too much. Water beneath the foliage at soil level, as watering the blooms and leaves can result in fungi. After the first week when you’ll want to water frequently, ensure mums get an inch of water per week.
  • Deadhead. As mentioned above, removing wilted blooms and dead stems or leaves helps your mums bloom for an extended time.
  • In colder climates your mums may need to mulched using leaves, wood chips, or straw. Mulch should be about three or four inches high and surround the entire base of your mums.
  • If frost gets your mums, don’t fret. Just prune them back to the point there’s only about an inch of stems above the ground, and leave the mulch remaining around the plant. Come spring, your mums will regenerate.

It’s easy to keep your mums blooming all season! A beautiful landscape increases curb appeal; here are some other tips for increasing your home’s value from fellow Neighborly company, Five Star Painting.

Contact The Grounds Guys’ franchise location near you for help with your fall cleanup, lawn maintenance and landscaping projects!

Chrysanthemum Lifespan: How Long Do Mums Live

How long do chrysanthemums last? It’s a good question, and one that often comes up in the fall, when garden centers are full of beautiful, flowering pots of them. The chrysanthemum lifespan isn’t a simple number, however, and can vary wildly based on a few factors. Keep reading to learn about the lifespan of mums.

Chrysanthemum Lifespan

So how long do mums live? Chrysanthemums, or mums for short, can be divided into two distinct categories: garden and floral. These two varieties are bred with different goals in mind, and this results in very different lifespans.

Floral mums are planted in the fall, and pretty much all their energy is devoted to blooming. This makes for some spectacular blossoms, but it doesn’t give the plant enough time or resources to put down a good root system before

the frost. Because of this, the floral chrysanthemum lifespan rarely lasts through the winter.

Garden mums, on the other hand, are usually planted in the spring, and will bloom all summer and autumn. With plenty of time to put down roots, garden mums can live for three to four years in USDA zones 5-9.

How Long Do Mums Live with Care?

Although the lifespan of mums in the garden should last a few years, there are ways to help the process along. Be sure to plant your garden mums in the spring to give them as much time as possible to get established.

Plant them in a spot that receives full sun. Prune your plant throughout the season, as this will make for more compact, fuller blossoming, as well as allow the plant to divert more energy to root growth.

Water steadily until the first frost. The first frost will kill some of the growth, which you should cut away. Some gardeners even recommend cutting the plant down to the ground. Whichever you choose, you should definitely mulch the plant heavily.

When temperatures warm in the spring, pull the mulch back. You should start seeing rapid new growth. Of course, not every plant, even if it’s a perennial, manages to make it through the winter. The chrysanthemum lifespan is only 3-4 years, and while it could last longer than that, it will get more susceptible to winter damage with each passing year.

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